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Zimbabwe NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 05:28:44 GMTGoogle News
By the bootstraps: Handmade Zimbabwe shoes an unlikely global hit  News24

In a tiny factory producing handmade boots and shoes in Zimbabwe, leather cutter Misheck Sibanda is on another hectic shift as he tries to keep up with soaring ...

News24
UK urged to stop deportations to Zimbabwe  The Guardian

Labour's Peter Hain says Zimbabwe is currently a 'human rights-free zone'

The Guardian
Trump administration issues stern warning to Zimbabwe’s Mnangagwa  Business Day

The US government has issued a stern warning to president Emmerson Mnangagwa's government not to use excessive force on its citizens. The Zimbabwean ...

Business Day
Zimbabwe: three reasons why it's all going so wrong for Mnangagwa  The Conversation - UK

How did things turn so bad for Zimbabwe's president, Emmerson Mnangagwa? He won the disputed elections in August 2018, but even before the results were ...

The Conversation - UK
Fueled by climate change, Zimbabwe's erratic harvests cause farmers with HIV to struggle  CNN

In the arid south of Zimbabwe, farmers have long experienced the adverse effects of climate change as they witness their crops fail each season and face a ...

CNN
Nick Mangwana: Community Stations Play Key Role in Zimbabwe  VOA Zimbabwe

Information permanent secretary Nick Mangwana says community radios play a key role in Zimbabwe and other nations. (Video: Mavis Gama)

VOA Zimbabwe
No wedding bells for Zimbabwe's soldiers  TimesLIVE

The Zimbabwe Defence Forces (ZDF) have effectively banned its officers and ordinary soldiers from marrying each other - and this includes those already ...

TimesLIVE
Marian Machekanyanga fears for her life if she is returned to Zimbabwe  Channel 4 News

Human rights campaigners and immigration lawyers have raised concerns about the deportation of Zimbabwean citizens who fled to the UK during the regime of ...

Channel 4 News
Senior Zimbabwe Information Official Applauds VOA Studio 7 For Exemplary Practice  VOA Zimbabwe

During a commemoration of World Radio Day on Wednesday, Zimbabwe's Permanent Secretary of Information, Nick Mangwana, said VOA's Zimbabwe *Service*, ...

VOA Zimbabwe
Social Media Proves Effective Outlet for Zimbabwe Activists  VOA Zimbabwe

Many Zimbabweans are turning to social media to express themselves in light of the country's tight media space. Despite government's efforts to stop the flow of ...

VOA Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe's Only Commuter Train Offers Cheaper Option for Workers  VOA Zimbabwe

Public transportation comes at a high cost in Zimbabwe as providers charge high fees to offset the cost of fuel. However, some residents riding to Zimbabwe's ...

VOA Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe needs neutral third-party to steer national dialogue – US  africanews

They called for what it said was use of excessive violence and intimidation, and for all sides to come together in a credible and inclusive national dialogue.

africanews
Buy Zimbabwe happy with Government support  The Herald

Buy Zimbabwe says it is satisfied with the progress Government is making in value chains development across sectors, as a means to boost industry and ...

The Herald
Zimbabwe dismisses reports of new currency as economic crisis heightens  Business Day

The government says it is concerned about the 'falsehoods coming from some political quarters'

Business Day
Zimbabwe 'to scrap repressive media law'  Mmegi Online

The Access to Information and Protection of Privacy Act has been the leading weapon in stifling media freedom. During former President Robert Mugabe's rule it ...

Mmegi Online
New beginnings: ZRP re-named Zimbabwe Police Service(ZPS)  ZwNews.com

HARARE: The government has finally amended the Police Act in line with the Zimbabwean constitution, which will see the country's police force, the Zimbabwe ...

ZwNews.com
Zimbabwe Opposition Rejects President Mnangagwa's Call For Dialogue  NPR

Anger against the state is palpable, and with the rising cost of goods and a drawn-out cash shortage, there could be more civil unrest ahead for the southern ...

NPR
Leaked memo: Zimbabwe's soldiers need protection from angry public  TimesLIVE

Zimbabwean army officials have been advised not to appear in uniform in public for fear of retribution from angry civilians.

TimesLIVE
WATCH: Zimbabwe's only commuter train provides key economic lifeline  News24

Chugging through townships, maize fields and scrubland as the sun rises, Zimbabwe's only commuter train is cheap and reliable - two qualities that its ...

News24
Munzara seeks new horizons  NewsDay

Sneak Peek: Winstone Antonio. FOUNDER and former president of the international beauty pageant, Miss Heritage, Taremeredzwa Munzara said he has ...

NewsDay
Zimbabwe likely to return some land to white farmers  Business Day

An audit seeks to flush out multiple farm owners and correct some of the wrongs from the country's chaotic fast-track land reform exercise.

Business Day
Former Kaizer Chiefs Striker Louis Agyemang Surfaces In Zimbabwe  Soccer Laduma

Former Kaizer Chiefs striker Louis Agyemang has surfaced in Zimbabwe in search of a new club.

Soccer Laduma
Zimbabwe VP Constatino Chiwenga in India for treatment  Daily Nation

HARARE,. The government of Zimbabwe has confirmed that its Vice-President Constatino Chiwenga is receiving medical treatment abroad. This comes days ...

Daily Nation
The Interview - Mnangagwa: Zimbabwe's post-electoral turmoil was a 'regime change attempt'  FRANCE 24

Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa granted an exclusive interview to FRANCE 24, discussing the recent turmoil in his country as well as the claims ...

FRANCE 24
10 point plan to save Zimbabwe  Bulawayo24 News

Founder of the Coalition for Market and Liberal Solutions (COMALISO) Rejoice Ngwenya  says Zimbabwe needs to adopt liberal economics for it to be ...

Bulawayo24 News
Security forces in Zimbabwe kill 12 people in broadest crackdown on unrest in years  The Washington Post

NAIROBI — It was midnight when soldiers threatened to burn Jennifer Mutobaya and her three teenage sons alive inside their home in the Zimbabwean town of ...

The Washington Post
Christianity's political overreach in Zimbabwe  NewsDay

Guest column: Takura Zhangazha. At one time, a Zambian comrade told me that their then new Constitution had declared that theirs was officially a Christian ...

NewsDay
How Zimbabwe became world's most expensive place to fuel a car  CNN

In 2017, Zimbabweans took to the streets to protest a broken economy and collapsing living standards. Two years later, they are back on the streets again over a ...

CNN
Sadc seized with Zim crisis: Biti  NewsDay

By Nkululeko Sibanda. THE Zimbabwean crisis continues to exist in the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) corridors despite efforts by regional ...

NewsDay
What is happening in Zimbabwe? – video report | World news  The Guardian

The centre of Harare, Zimbabwe's capital, is deserted after the third day of a nationwide strike. Demonstrators are frustrated by the huge rise in living costs.

The Guardian
Zimbabwe teachers' unions suspend national strike  EWN

Teachers' unions met Education Minister Paul Mavima in Harare and agreed to return to work on Monday.

EWN
Zimbabwe clears IMF debt  Bulawayo24 News

The International Monetary Fund, IMF has revealed that Zimbabwe has already cleared all its outstanding debts.Director of Communication with the International ...

Bulawayo24 News
Anger over Sadc, AU silence on Zimbabwe  Bulawayo24 News

The silence by the African Union (AU) and the Southern African Development Community (Sadc) on the on-going human rights abuses in Zimbabwe has drawn ...

Bulawayo24 News
'Chamisa will never rule Zimbabwe' says Mutodi  Bulawayo24 News

Deputy Minister of Information, Publicity and Broadcasting Services Energy Mutodi says MDC leader Nelson Chamisa is a puppet that will never rule Zimbabwe.

Bulawayo24 News
Nashua Zimbabwe Donating Computers, But They Need Your Help  Technology Zimbabwe

Nashua Zimbabwe is donating some computers but they need your help. Comment inside the article & suggest the charity that should get them.

Technology Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe's economy collapses as food shortages rise  IOL

INTERNATIONAL – The number of people facing hunger in Zimbabwe surged because of drought and economic shocks including rising food prices and a ...

IOL
Media watchdog urges speedy licensing of community radio stations in Zimbabwe - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

HARARE, Feb. 13 (Xinhua) -- Independent media watchdog Media Institute of Southern Africa (MISA) Zimbabwe on Wednesday urged the Zimbabwe ...

Xinhua
Zimbabwe students starving in foreign lands  Bulawayo24 News

Zimbabwean students who are on the presidential scholarship scheme are finding it difficult to get by because government is struggling to fund their needs.

Bulawayo24 News
Africa: Zimbabwe to Host Cricket World Cup Qualifiers  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Zimbabwe Cricket will this year host the African Regional Qualifying Tournament, a pathway to the ICC Women's World Cup set for next year. The ICC qualifiers ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Zimbabwe shuts down social media as UN slams military crackdown  CNN

Zimbabwe's military has been accused of brutality and human rights abuses in the country following days of protests over a massive hike in gas prices.

CNN
Problems at Eskom won't affect Zimbabwe  Bulawayo24 News

THE Zimbabwe Electricity Supply Authority (Zesa) has assured its clients that the power generation challenges being experienced by its South African supplier, ...

Bulawayo24 News
Zimbabwe's teachers report intimidation as strike begins  News24

Zimbabwe's public teachers are alleging intimidation as they try to launch a nationwide strike for better salaries.

News24
Zimbabwe Orders Second Internet Shutdown In A Week Of Deadly Protests  NPR

Critics accuse the government of constricting Internet use to stop the circulation of images showing a security forces responding violently to protests over ...

NPR
Zimbabwean vice-president at cabinet meeting - not sick in SA hospital  TimesLIVE

Despite rumours that he was receiving medical treatment in SA, Zimbabwe's Vice-President Constantino Chiwenga attended a cabinet meeting on Tuesday.

TimesLIVE
West stirring up unrest in Zimbabwe to force regime change, says Zanu-PF  The Guardian

Zimbabwe's ruling party believes western powers are behind a “revolution” to bring about regime change in the country, according to documents seen by the ...

The Guardian
Zimbabwe doctors' dollar demand shock  TimesLIVE

A subscription gives you full digital access to all Sunday Times *content*. Already subscribed? Simply sign in below. Registered on the BusinessLIVE, Business ...

TimesLIVE
Mnangagwa Treats Zimbabwe Opposition Like ‘Cockroaches,’ Biti Says  Bloomberg

A leading Zimbabwean politician accused President Emmerson Mnangagwa of treating opposition supporters like cockroaches that need to be eliminated, ...

Bloomberg
Striking Zimbabwean teachers earn equivalent of just R700 a month  TimesLIVE

Teachers in Zimbabwe, who say their salaries are now so eroded they cannot afford to buy groceries or pay for school fees for their own children, are on the ...

TimesLIVE
Zimbabwe fuel protests: MDC opposition office torched  BBC News

The main office of Zimbabwe's opposition party, MDC, has been torched following protests sparked by the more than doubling of the fuel price. Photos taken at ...

BBC News
Zimbabwe crackdown amounts to 'crimes against humanity', says rights group  Mail and Guardian

Zimbabwe crackdown amounts to 'crimes against humanity', says rights group.

Mail and Guardian
Zimbabwe urged to adopt the Rand as official currency  The South African

The deputy chairman of the Movement for Democratic Change, Tendai Biti has urged Zimbabwe to adopt the Rand as its official currency.

The South African
Zimbabwe sports minister Kirsty Coventry 'under pressure to resign'  TimesLIVE

Zimbabwe sports minister Kirsty Coventry is allegedly under pressure from some close family members and citizens to resign from President Emmerson ...

TimesLIVE
Zimbabwe blocks Facebook, WhatsApp and Twitter amid crackdown  BBC News

Zimbabwe has blocked Facebook, Twitter and WhatsApp messaging apps amid a crackdown on days of violent protests. A coalition of local human rights groups ...

BBC News
Zimbabwe: activist pastor arrested for 'inciting violence' – video  The Guardian

Armed Zimbabwean police arrested Evan Mawarire at his home on Wednesday, his lawyer said, on the third day of protests against fuel price rises.

The Guardian
Zimbabwe To Introduce A New Currency This Week – Tendai Biti  Technology Zimbabwe

Former Finance Minister, Tendai Biti has just said that the government is going to introduce a new currency this week. The introduction of a new currency is ...

Technology Zimbabwe
Zimbabwe crisis could spill into neighbouring countries: Human Rights Watch  TimesLIVE

While 2018 saw new leadership being announced in key southern African countries, the region's leaders have failed to live up to the expectations of their ...

TimesLIVE
Here's how the DA's Mmusi Maimane is on a 'quest' to save Zimbabwe  TimesLIVE

The Democratic Alliance and its leader Mmusi Maimane have taken it upon themselves to play a part in resolving Zimbabwe's current crisis by pushing for ...

TimesLIVE
Another dose of punitive measures: Zim govt had it coming  NewsDay

Guest column: Learnmore Zuze. The ancient wisdom of old has one classic nugget, which has remained as true as it was when old barefooted Socrates said it at ...

NewsDay
Tafi Mhaka: Nelson Chamisa must negotiate a fresh election.... that's what Zimbabwe needs  Nehanda Radio

By Tafi Mhaka. I fell asleep on a warm summer night hopeful Morgan Tsvangirai had won a bittersweet victory in Zimbabwe's March 2002 presidential election.

Nehanda Radio
Zimbabwe gov't approves repeal of draconian media law  Journalducameroun.com - English

Published on 13.02.2019 at 09h21 by APA News. Share. The Zimbabwean government has approved the repeal of the controversial Access to Information and ...

Journalducameroun.com - English
Zimbabwe pastor Walter Magaya convicted over 'HIV cure'  BBC News

Walter Magaya falsely claimed that a herb-based drug had the magical power to cure HIV and Aids.

BBC News
Zimbabwe’s re-engagement on track  sundaymail.co.zw

Zimbabwe's re-engagement efforts are on track after President Emmerson Mnangagwa's administration briefed the world about the violent demonstrations that ...

sundaymail.co.zw
South Africa can't afford a Zimbabwe meltdown  IOL

The economic meltdown of our northern neighbour poses a serious threat to our national interest.

IOL
Zimbabwe crackdown could last months, activists fear  The Guardian

Opposition figures are in hiding as arrests and beatings continue. But the anger at Mnangagwa's regime persists.

The Guardian
No respite for Zimbabwe's battered economy  IOL

MUSSINA - There has been no quick respite for Zimbabwe's battered economy following four days of a massive protest action against steep increases in the ...

IOL
In Photos: The Majestic Painted Wolves of Zimbabwe  Live Science

The fourth episode of BBC America's new series, "Dynasties," follows two packs of painted wolves (also called African wild dogs) living in Mara Pools National ...

Live Science
Social media blackout in Zimbabwe as state threatens to shut internet  TimesLIVE

Zimbabweans are experiencing a social media blackout following alleged threats from the government that it would shut down the entire internet amid protests ...

TimesLIVE
Zimbabwe women raped as government crackdown continues  BBC News

Six women tell the BBC they were raped by security forces as part of a government crackdown.

BBC News
Britain’s minister for Africa calls for more sanctions against Zimbabwe  Business Day

Britain's minister for Africa Harriett Baldwin says her country supports an extension of EU sanctions against Zimbabwe and will not back its plan to return to the ...

Business Day
Zimbabwe: Theatre Festival On Cards  AllAfrica.com

Following a three year stint that has seen the staging of plays that tells different Zimbabwean stories, Theatre In The Park (TITP) will this year celebrate its ...

AllAfrica.com
Zimbabwe biennial postponed amid political turmoil  Art Newspaper

Zimbabwe's planned Bulawayo Biennial in the country's second city has been put on hold amid nationwide protests and ongoing economic chaos. The event ...

Art Newspaper
Minister for Africa's statement on the situation in Zimbabwe, January 2019  GOV.UK

Minister for Africa Harriett Baldwin has summoned the Zimbabwean Ambassador to the UK to the Foreign Office.

GOV.UK
Staying in step: the handmade Zimbabwe shoes an unlikely global hit - Zimbabwe News Now  ZimLive.com

BULAWAYO – In a tiny factory producing handmade boots and shoes in southwestern Zimbabwe, leather cutter Misheck Sibanda is on another hectic shift as he ...

ZimLive.com
Zimbabwean police files implicate army in widespread abuses  The Guardian

Exclusive: documents seen by Guardian suggest soldiers have been responsible for murder and rape during crackdown.

The Guardian
Zimbabwe opposition calls the US 'a wolf in sheep's skin'  The Zimbabwe Mail

Who appointed America to police the world? Who polices America and holds them to account for the human rights violations in America? They pretend to like ...

The Zimbabwe Mail
In Zimbabwe « LRB blog  London Review of Books

The latest government crackdown in Zimbabwe is not wholly surprising, but it is still shocking in its brutality. The people who took to the streets two weeks ago to ...

London Review of Books
Reality Check: Why has Zimbabwe hiked petrol prices?  BBC News

The government increased fuel prices by more than double, but what is behind the sudden price increase?

BBC News
'Those committing crimes against Zimbabwean citizens should be prosecuted'  TimesLIVE

Zimbabwe's government has been urged to investigate crimes committed against the civilian population by the police, armed forces and some Zanu-PF ...

TimesLIVE
Resolving the economic challenges facing Zimbabwe shoul...  Daily Maverick

The regional bloc needs to step up and call an urgent meeting to discuss the economic crisis, which has also led to the recent violence resulting in the death of ...

Daily Maverick
Soldiers flood Zimbabwe schools  Bulawayo24 News

Armed soldiers are now a familiar sight at public schools throughout the country in the wake of an on-going strike by teachers, resulting in parents, guardians ...

Bulawayo24 News
A Zimbabwean's flight into exile: A voice inside me said 'Run'  Mail and Guardian

Protests over economic hardships, fuelled by the 150% rise in the petrol price (above), led to security forces being deployed. (Philimon Bulawayo/Reuters).

Mail and Guardian
Women in Zimbabwe demand action over alleged army rapes  The Guardian

Activists don black clothes in protest after widespread reports of sexual violence by security forces.

The Guardian
Mnangagwa calls for calm in Zimbabwe  eNCA

JOHANNESBURG - Zimbabwean President Emmerson Mnangagwa is appealing for calm amid violent protests in Harare. His government's fuel price increases ...

eNCA
SA rejected Zimbabwe request for R16.6bn loan in December  IOL

Johannesburg - South Africa turned down a request from its southern African neighbour Zimbabwe for a $1.2 billion (about R16.6 billion) loan in December, ...

IOL
Zimbabwe's Mugabe 'lost $1m in stolen briefcase'  BBC News

Nearly $1m (£914,000) in cash was stolen from a briefcase belonging to Zimbabwe's former President Robert Mugabe, the state-owned Herald newspaper ...

BBC News
9 Banks In Zimbabwe That Offer Diaspora Banking Services  Technology Zimbabwe

There are a lot of Zimbabweans that went overseas in search of greener pastures. Although some of them don't see the situation in Zimbabwe getting any better ...

Technology Zimbabwe
Oliver Mtukudzi, Zimbabwe's Afro-jazz legend, dies  BBC News

Oliver Mtukudzi, one of Zimbabwe's most renowned musicians, has died aged 66 after a four-decade career. He came to prominence in the 1970s as one of ...

BBC News
Rand offers Zimbabwe economy salvation, ex-finance minister says  Moneyweb.co.za

Zimbabwe should adopt South Africa's rand as its currency, one of a series of fundamental reforms needed to restore economic stability in the country, former ...

Moneyweb.co.za
Mboweni wants end to Zimbabwe sanctions  IOL

Finance minister Tito Mboweni said that Zimbabwe should look at introducing a new currency to counter its economic and financial challenges.

IOL
Zimbabwe accuses 'rogue elements' of inciting violence against protesters  CNN

Security forces in Zimbabwe have blamed recent violence against protesters -- including assault, robbery and murder -- on "rogue elements" who had stolen ...

CNN
 

Zimbabwe Videos

African Perspective: Political dialogue in Zimbabwe - Makhosini Nkosi
19:56:29
African Perspective: Political dialogue in Zimbabwe - Makhosini Nkosi
The Heat: South Africa and Zimbabwe Pt 2
21:58:19
The Heat: South Africa and Zimbabwe Pt 2
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Hides Latest Inflation Figures
18:41:17
Reserve Bank of Zimbabwe Hides Latest Inflation Figures
Zimbabwe Latest - Woman Who Got Rapped Army Speaks Out
09:25:17
Zimbabwe Latest - Woman Who Got Rapped Army Speaks Out
Zimbabwe told to use the South African Rand as official currency
16:06:07
Zimbabwe told to use the South African Rand as official currency
Zimbabwe economy
17:03:46
Zimbabwe economy
SADC Agrees to take Action on Zimbabwe Crisis and Human Rights Abuses
16:53:27
SADC Agrees to take Action on Zimbabwe Crisis and Human Rights Abuses
Zimbabwe's Minister Sibusiso Moyo admits some security forces violated human rights
20:13:11
Zimbabwe's Minister Sibusiso Moyo admits some security forces violated human rights
Zimbabwe's Codeine Cough Syrup Epidemic
21:00:07
Zimbabwe's Codeine Cough Syrup Epidemic
prof PLO LUMUMBA speak about ZIMBABWE 2019
18:13:12
prof PLO LUMUMBA speak about ZIMBABWE 2019
 

Zimbabwe Images

gallery zimbabwe
gallery zimbabwe
Unemployed graduates protest lack of opportunity in Zimbabwe
Unemployed graduates protest lack of opportunity in Zimbabwe
The amazing and strange
The amazing and strange
Zimbabwe Diesel Locomotive Class DE1 - DE2 - DE3 Photos
Zimbabwe Diesel Locomotive Class DE1 - DE2 - DE3 Photos
Elephants | Alison Buttigieg Wildlife Photography
Elephants | Alison Buttigieg Wildlife Photography
Gukurahundi in Zimbabwe | Hurst Publishers
Gukurahundi in Zimbabwe | Hurst Publishers
Rhodesia - Mermaids Pool Near Salisbury Early 60's | Flickr
Rhodesia - Mermaids Pool Near Salisbury Early 60's | Flickr
Zimbabwe Kitchens | Harare | Kitchen Link | KITCHENS
Zimbabwe Kitchens | Harare | Kitchen Link | KITCHENS
Cheetahs | Alison Buttigieg Travel and Photography
Cheetahs | Alison Buttigieg Travel and Photography
Natal spurfowl - Wikipedia
Natal spurfowl - Wikipedia
 

Zimbabwe WebSites

Zimbabwe (/ z ɪ m ˈ b ɑː b w eɪ, -w i /), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique.
Zimbabwe: Zimbabwe, landlocked country of southern Africa. It shares a 125-mile (200-kilometre) border on the south with the Republic of South Africa and is bounded on the southwest and west by Botswana, on the north by Zambia, and on the northeast and east by Mozambique.
A journey to Zimbabwe will take you through an attractive patchwork of landscapes, from highveld, balancing boulders and flaming msasa trees, to laidback towns, lush mountains and lifeblood rivers.
Life in Zimbabwe Without Mugabe: Few Jobs and Little Cash . The peaceful elections last month after the coup that removed President Robert Mugabe from power injected optimism into a nation that ...
The Great Dyke in the southern Zimbabwe Craton is one of the most remarkable rock formations in the world. A "craton" is a term geologists use to describe Earth's oldest continental regions.
Henry McDonald reports on how the Good Friday agreement is once again under scrutiny as Britain approaches Brexit. Plus Jason Burke on the political crisis in Zimbabwe
Exercise increased caution in Zimbabwe due to crime and civil unrest.. Violent crime, such as assault, carjacking, and home invasion, is common. Smashing the windows of cars with the intent to steal, which can harm the driver or passengers, is also common.
Zimbabwe Tourism: TripAdvisor has 82,659 reviews of Zimbabwe Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Zimbabwe resource.
More information about Zimbabwe is available on the Zimbabwe page and from other Department of State publications and other sources listed at the end of this fact sheet.. U.S.-ZIMBABWE RELATIONS
Hyperinflation in Zimbabwe was a period of currency instability in Zimbabwe that began in the late 1990s shortly after the confiscation of private farms from landowners towards the end of Zimbabwean involvement in the Second Congo War.
 

Zimbabwe Wiki

Zimbabwe (), officially the Republic of Zimbabwe, is a landlocked country located in southern Africa, between the Zambezi and Limpopo Rivers, bordered by South Africa, Botswana, Zambia and Mozambique. The capital and largest city is Harare. A country of roughly 16 million people, Zimbabwe has 16 official languages, with English, Shona, and Ndebele the most commonly used.Since the 11th century, present-day Zimbabwe has been the site of several organised states and kingdoms as well as a major route for migration and trade. The British South Africa Company of Cecil Rhodes first demarcated the present territory during the 1890s; it became the self-governing British colony of Southern Rhodesia in 1923. In 1965, the conservative white minority government unilaterally declared independence as Rhodesia. The state endured international isolation and a 15-year guerrilla war with black nationalist forces; this culminated in a peace agreement that established universal enfranchisement and de jure sovereignty as Zimbabwe in April 1980. Zimbabwe then joined the Commonwealth of Nations, from which it was suspended in 2002 for breaches of international law by its then-government, and from which it withdrew in December 2003. The sovereign state is a member of the United Nations, the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the African Union (AU), and the Common Market for Eastern and Southern Africa (COMESA). It was once known as the "Jewel of Africa" for its prosperity under the former Rhodesian administration.Robert Mugabe became Prime Minister of Zimbabwe in 1980, when his ZANU-PF party won the elections following the end of white minority rule; he was the President of Zimbabwe from 1987 until his resignation in 2017. Under Mugabe's authoritarian regime, the state security apparatus dominated the country and was responsible for widespread human rights violations. Mugabe maintained the revolutionary socialist rhetoric of the Cold War era, blaming Zimbabwe's economic woes on conspiring Western capitalist countries. Contemporary African political leaders were reluctant to criticise Mugabe, who was burnished by his anti-imperialist credentials, though Archbishop Desmond Tutu called him "a cartoon figure of an archetypal African dictator". The country has been in economic decline since the 1990s, experiencing several crashes and hyperinflation along the way.On 15 November 2017, in the wake of over a year of protests against his government as well as Zimbabwe's rapidly declining economy, Mugabe was placed under house arrest by the country's national army in a coup d'état. On 19 November 2017, ZANU-PF sacked Robert Mugabe as party leader and appointed former Vice President Emmerson Mnangagwa in his place. On 21 November 2017, Mugabe tendered his resignation prior to impeachment proceedings being completed. On 30 July 2018 Zimbabwe held its general elections which was won by the ZANU-PF party led by Emmerson Mnangagwa. Nelson Chamisa who was leading the main opposition party MDC Alliance contested the election results and filed a petition to the Constitution Court of Zimbabwe. The court confirmed Mnangagwa's victory making him the newly elected president after Mugabe.