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Venezuela NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Tue, 15 Jan 2019 07:53:23 GMTGoogle News
Could A Cryptocurrency Service Help Save Venezuela?  Forbes

The move to help the beleaguered Venezuelan populous also could push cryptocurrencies close to becoming money.

Venezuela’s opposition is gambling it all on a young and untested activist named Juan Guaidó  The Washington Post

Only a week ago, few outside of Venezuela knew of Juan Guaidó. But the 35-year-old industrial engineer has suddenly emerged as a cause celebre, heralded ...

The Washington Post
Venezuela’s Crisis Threatens U.S. Control Over Oil Prices  Yahoo Finance

Venezuela's ongoing economic crisis has created an opportunity for Russia which seeks to expand Moscow's global influence.

Yahoo Finance
The liberal Left forgets its love for Venezuela  Stuff.co.nz

OPINION: Venezuela was beloved by the liberal Left earlier this century. You don't hear much praise for it now.

Sinn Féin MLA defends Venezuela inauguration attendance  BBC News

Conor Murphy says Sinn Féin "wanted to show solidarity with the democratic choice of the Venezuelan people".

BBC News
South America creating regional bloc to counter Venezuela: Colombia  Reuters

BOGOTA (Reuters) - South American countries are developing a new diplomatic group to replace the Unasur regional bloc that is heavily influenced by ...

Venezuela’s opposition vows to help end Maduro regime  The Irish Times

EU nations and US among 50 countries condemning president's term as illegitimate.

The Irish Times
Venezuela's Maduro hikes minimum wage 300 percent  Reuters

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro on Monday raised the minimum wage by 300 percent to 18000 bolivars per month, around $6.70, as part of routine wage ...

Mike Pompeo calls Nicolas Maduro government in Venezuela 'illegitimate'  CNN

US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo on Saturday called the Venezuelan government of President Nicolas Maduro "illegitimate" and said the United States would ...

Poignant Photos Of The Forgotten Old People Of Venezuela : Goats and Soda  NPR

In poignant and powerful photographs, Wil Riera draws attention to senior citizens in a country teetering on the brink.

Belief in himself elevates Venezuela’s Vegas  PGA TOUR

When Jhonattan Vegas was 18, he rubbed shoulders with world-class players such as Phil Mickelson and Fred Couples while competing in the Houston Open ...

Venezuela to refine tonnes of gold in Turkey amid US sanctions  Middle East Eye

Venezuela's minister of industries and national production will finalise the deal during a visit to Turkey on Wednesday.

Middle East Eye
Venezuela opposition leader Guaido 'not afraid' after detention  Reuters

CARABALLEDA, Venezuela (Reuters) - Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaido on Sunday said that President Nicolas Maduro's adversaries were “not ...

Don’t forget the Maduro regime in Venezuela  Cleveland Jewish News

If I had to pick the most repugnant image of 2018, it would hands down be the video from last September featuring the Venezuelan dictator Nicolás Maduro ...

Cleveland Jewish News
3.9 earthquake recorded in Venezuela, West of T&T  Loop News Trinidad and Tobago

Two earthquakes within the space of hours were recorded on Venezuela's north coast, just west of Trinidad. According to the University of the West Indies (UWI) ...

Loop News Trinidad and Tobago
Venezuela blocks Wikipedia after Maduro ‘ousted’ from article, internet watchdog says  Haaretz

Venezuela has blocked access to Wikipedia, the free online encyclopedia, becoming only the second country after Turkey to do so, an internet watchdog ...

PM defends Venezuela strategy  Trinidad News

THE Prime Minister yesterday defended his government's approach towards the ongoing political, economic, social and humanitarian crisis in Venezuela.

Trinidad News
Venezuela Is in Crisis. So How Did Maduro Secure a Second Term?  The New York Times

President Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela was inaugurated for the second time on Thursday. How has he managed to maintain power?

The New York Times
Venezuela goes to WTO to contest Colombia fuel import rules  Nasdaq

GENEVA, Jan 14- Venezuela has launched a complaint at the World Trade Organization to challenge Colombia's restrictions on the distribution of liquid.

'Hezbollah exploiting gold mines in Venezuela,' politician reveals  Saudi Gazette

ABU DHABI — Lebanese militant group Hezbollah controls gold exploration mines in Venezuela, opposition lawmaker Américo De Grazia revealed this week.

Saudi Gazette
Support for Venezuela a major blunder, Mr PM  Trinidad & Tobago Express

The Prime Minister is playing with fire when he and his politicians say they support the regime in Venezuela.

Trinidad & Tobago Express
MSJ: Don't interfere in Venezuela's business  Trinidad News

POLITICAL leader of the Movement for Social Justice (MSJ) David Abdulah has described as "unfortunate" the division which exists in Caricom regarding the ...

Trinidad News
Dom Rep also moving to take back Venezuela shares in refinery  Loop News Jamaica

As the Jamaican government continues with a legislative action against Venezuela regarding the latter's 49 per cent stake in the island's only oil refinery.

Loop News Jamaica
Napping on Venezuela  Trinidad & Tobago Express

AT a time when Trinidad and Tobago is feeling the impact of Venezuela's economic collapse it is mind-boggling that this country should be without an ...

Trinidad & Tobago Express
Exxon Mobil: Venezuela's Intimidation Of Exxon Mobil's Ship Shouldn't Affect Growth Plans  Seeking Alpha

Exxon Mobil recently had a ship it had contracted to explore its territory off of Guyana seized. This brings back memories of Venezuela's 2007 nationalization o.

Seeking Alpha
Video shows the moment when Juan Guaido, the president of the National Assembly of Venezuela, was arrested.  Miami Herald

Juan Guaido, president of the National Assembly of Venezuela, was detained this Sunday near the capital Caracas, by the secret police of Nicolas Maduro, ...

Miami Herald
Going Deep: The Venezuela League's Best Performers  Pitcher List

For the final section of our four part series on the best performers in the Winter Ball leagues, we'll be focusing on the Venezuela Winter League. While this ...

Pitcher List
Mexico’s new president betrayed Latin America’s democracies on Venezuela — and may pay a political price  Miami Herald

Mexico's leftist President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador is reversing his country's policy on Venezuela, giving political oxygen to Nicolas Maduro's dictatorship.

Miami Herald
SIMS: Don't expect climate-change reparations from Venezuela anytime soon  Toronto Sun

Let's hope the bean counters at Victoria City Hall understand some cheques just aren't coming.Victoria's mayor, on the other hand, may be losing perspective.

Toronto Sun
U.S. Targets Venezuela TV Mogul Ahead of Maduro Inauguration  Bloomberg

The U.S. sanctioned Venezuela's TV billionaire Raul Gorrin, and six of his close associates days before President Nicolas Maduro is set to begin his second ...

Venezuela Bondholder Group Sends Envoy to Caracas for Debt Talks  Bloomberg

Creditors holding defaulted debt issued by Venezuela and its state-run oil company sent an envoy to Caracas for talks with the government's legal advisers, ...

Venezuela congress slams oil deals with U.S., French companies  Reuters

Venezuela's opposition-run congress on Tuesday issued a resolution calling deals between state-run oil company PDVSA [PDVSA.UL] and U.S. and French ...

Venezuela's Regime Tortured Suspected Plotters | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Human rights groups accused Venezuela's intelligence and security forces of detaining, torturing, and abusing military personnel accused of “treason” and ...

New Venezuela congress chief says Maduro will be usurper president  Reuters

CARACAS (Reuters) - The newly elected chief of Venezuela's opposition-run Congress on Saturday said President Nicolas Maduro will be “usurping the ...

A lonely quest for survival, the elderly left behind in Venezuela  Washington Post

In Venezuela, the elderly are confronting major shortages of medicines that are indispensable for their age. The struggle is evident at the Mother of Calcutta ...

Washington Post
Why Venezuela's Hyperinflation Problem Is So Difficult To Solve  Forbes

President Maduro's government has tried and failed to end hyperinflation. Some have suggested that Bitcoin could empower Venezuelans to bring hyperinflation ...

PNP blasts Gov't over Venezuela vote  Loop News Jamaica

The decision by the Jamaican government not to recognise the legitimacy of the presidency of Venezuela's Nicolas Maduro, is being criticised by the Opposition ...

Loop News Jamaica
Venezuela Calls US Sanctions Against Its Petro Cryptocurrency ‘Discriminatory’  CoinDesk

Venezuela is pushing back against U.S. sanctions before the World Trade Organization, including ones imposed against its controversial cryptocurrency efforts.

Russia's next moves in Venezuela should be closely monitored | TheHill  The Hill

But if Russia were to seek to station nuclear forces or infrastructure in the hemisphere, a major diplomatic and military crisis could develop.

The Hill
Envoys Denounce Venezuela’s Maduro and Urge Him to Cede Power  The New York Times

Thirteen nations announced on Friday that they would not recognize the legitimacy of the new presidential term of Nicolás Maduro of Venezuela, who is set to be ...

The New York Times
Maduro’s inauguration sets the stage to further isolate Venezuela’s regime  The Washington Post

Benjamin N. Gedan, a senior adviser to the Latin American Program at the Woodrow Wilson International Center for Scholars, was director for South America in ...

The Washington Post
Venezuela's Hyperinflation Hits 80,000% Per Year in 2018  Forbes

Venezuela is the only country in the world that is currently experiencing the ravages of hyperinflation. As 2018 came to a close, Venezuela's hyperinflation, ...

Is Venezuela Willing to Start a Caribean War?  The National Interest Online

The timing of Russia sending two long-range bombers to Venezuela earlier in December has Washington wondering what Caracas is thinking.

The National Interest Online
Venezuela cocoa growers fear new pest: the government  Reuters

Venezuela cocoa trader Freddy Galindo has battled highway robberies, kidnappings of family members and declining quality in his 19 years exporting the ...

Venezuela’s Lessons for American Socialists  Bloomberg

It's hard to overstate how disastrous the reign of Hugo Chavez and his successor Nicolas Maduro has been for Venezuela. A recent series of Bloomberg articles ...

Venezuela Navy Interrupts Oil Exploration Off Guyana  The New York Times

An oil-exploration ship contracted by Exxon Mobil suspended operations off the coast of Guyana over the weekend after it was approached by a Venezuelan ...

The New York Times
In Venezuela, recrudescence of 'a brutal group of leftist thugs'  American Thinker

At the moment I was writing about the mounting pressure on Venezuela's failed socialist regime yesterday, Cuban goons working at Venezuela's SEBIN secret ...

American Thinker
Venezuela Taps Obscure Driller to Replace Big-Name Oil Firms  Yahoo! Finance News

Schlumberger Ltd. and Halliburton Co., the world's biggest oil-*service* providers, have announced over $2 billion in combined write-offs for unpaid bills in ...

Yahoo! Finance News
U.S. condemns Venezuela's Maduro for 'usurpation of power'  Reuters

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo condemned Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro for usurpation of power on Thursday, as the South American leader ...

In Venezuela, Russia pockets key energy assets in exchange for cash bailouts  The Washington Post

Moscow has taken control of oil and gas fields, and has a lien on a major share of Citgo, Venezuela's oil company in the United States.

The Washington Post
As Maduro Makes Enemies, Venezuela's Caribbean Allies Remain In His Camp  NPR

Venezuela's president has been making enemies throughout the Americas with a collapsed economy that has produced millions of migrants. But he still has ...

Venezuela’s maritime claims also include territory of some CARICOM states  Stabroek News

Venezuela is seeking to expand its maritime space not only in Guyana's territory but also in the Exclusive Economic Zones (EEZs) of Caribbean Community ...

Stabroek News
Venezuela Introduces Crypto, Foreign Fiat Operations Taxation  Cointelegraph

News. Venezuelan government has published a new decree that introduces taxation for operations with cryptocurrency and foreign fiat in its official newspaper ...

Venezuela calls U.S. comments on Guyana dispute 'interventionist'  Reuters

CARACAS (Reuters) - Venezuela's foreign ministry on Tuesday described as “interventionist and disrespectful” U.S. comments on a weekend incident in which ...

Gasoline Shortages Grip Venezuela's Capital Ahead of Christmas  Bloomberg

Venezuela's capital was roiled by nagging gasoline shortages Thursday, snarling traffic and infuriating residents in the stricken country with another woe just ...

Venezuelan president says invaders 'would not make it out alive'  The Guardian

Nicolás Maduro declared himself a 'warrior of peace' amid rising tensions with regional neighbours. Tom Phillips Latin America correspondent. Mon 17 Dec ...

The Guardian
Russia bails out Venezuela, pockets key energy assets  The Mercury News

By Anthony Faiola and Karen DeYoung | Washington Post. CARACAS – As allies go, Venezuela is a relatively cheap one for Russia. But the potential returns on ...

The Mercury News
Venezuela crisis takes deadly toll on buckling health system  The Guardian

With hospitals lacking even soap, a 'perfect storm' of poor hygiene, malnourished patients and shortage of drugs has left families grieving and experts fearing a ...

The Guardian
Mexico defends hands-off stance on Venezuela  Daily Journal

MEXICO CITY — Mexican President Andres Manuel Lopez Obrador defended his administration's hands-off policy on Venezuela Monday, saying it marked a ...

Daily Journal
Bitcoin [BTC] trading volume increases exponentially in Colombia, Venezuela and Peru  AMBCrypto News

Venezuela has shown a massive increase in Bitcoin adoption over the last year when compared to the data from the past. The data also shows that the trading ...

AMBCrypto News
Scarcity and hyperinflation have opened the door to widespread hunger in Venezuela  Miami Herald

Hundreds of Venezuelans line up at the Padre Claret Parish Church in Maracaibo with the hope of receiving food served by volunteers. Sometimes they go one ...

Miami Herald
Venezuela: The country that has lost three million people  BBC News

The Venezuelan migration crisis is a major concern for South America and shows no sign of ending.

BBC News
'It's like 1984': Venezuela targets human rights defenders  The Guardian

Amid Venezuela's collapse, Nicolás Maduro has locked up those accused of criticizing his regime – often without due process.

The Guardian
Venezuela may reach a 10 million percent inflation rate — and 10 million refugees. Can the region handle...  Miami Herald

If the latest IMF and World Bank projections materialize, hunger and violence will escalate even further in Venezuela, and millions more will try to flee the ...

Miami Herald
Venezuela's PDVSA in oil deal with firm part-owned by Florida Republican  Reuters

Venezuelan state oil firm PDVSA [PDVSA.UL] has signed a deal with little-known U.S. energy firm Erepla, partly owned by a prominent Florida Republican, ...

Letter of the Day | Venezuela call is lapdog diplomacy  Jamaica Gleaner

THE EDITOR, Sir:There are obviously things the Jamaican Government is privy to that the rest of us do not know, but if we are following the international scene, ...

Jamaica Gleaner
Travel - The 'holy thugs' protecting Venezuela  BBC News

In Caracas, Venezuela, residents turn to Santos Malandros, or holy thugs, for protection, offering them beer and cigarettes in return.

BBC News
Peru enforces tough measures for Venezuela migrants  Aljazeera.com

Peru says that, after December, it will not offer work permits to the 2000 Venezuelan migrants that are crossing the border daily, but will keep the border open.

Venezuela's Last Nationally Circulated Anti-Government Newspaper Closes  NPR

NPR's Mary Louise Kelly speaks with Jorge Makriniotis, the general manager of Venezuela's only remaining nationally circulated and anti-government ...

Desperate women fleeing Venezuela sell hair, breast milk, sex to get by  New York Post

CUCUTA, Colombia – Although the sun has barely risen, this border city with Venezuela is already bursting with chaos. Thousands upon thousands of ...

New York Post
Could Venezuela's Socialist Disaster Get Any Worse? Just Ask Its Oil Company  Investor's Business Daily

Venezuela will have a special place in the annals of socialist failure. Its nationalized oil company is collapsing, and may take the country with it.

Investor's Business Daily
Venezuela's indigenous migrants face Colombia discrimination  Aljazeera.com

Indigenous groups that fled Venezuela's economic crisis have faced severe mistreatment and harassment.

Venezuela's armed forces declare 'loyalty' to Maduro  Jamaica Observer

CARACAS, Venezuela (AFP) — Venezuela's armed forces declared "absolute loyalty" to President Nicolas Maduro on Tuesday, just two days before the ...

Jamaica Observer
Special Report: Oil output goes AWOL in Venezuela as soldiers run PDVSA  Reuters

Last July 6, Major General Manuel Quevedo joined his wife, a Catholic priest and a gathering of oil workers in prayer in a conference room at the headquarters ...

Venezuela Agreed To Let Russia Set Up A Bomber Outpost On This Caribbean Island: Reports  The Drive

Russian media outlets are reporting that the Kremlin is planning to establish a forward outpost on the Venezuelan island of La Orchila in the Caribbean Sea and ...

The Drive
No One Knows What Venezuela's Petro Cryptocurrency is Actually Worth  CCN

In a country beset by hyperinflation, not even Venezuela' government can agree on what the petro cryptocurrency is worth.

Caribbean to Decide the Fate of Nicaragua and Venezuela at the OAS  Havana Times

The government of Nicolas Maduro runs the risk of being repudiated by the OAS, and in the case of Daniel Ortega, is on the verge of the application of the ...

Havana Times
Why Bitcoin Matters for Freedom  TIME

For people living under authoritarian governments, Bitcoin can be a valuable financial tool as a censorship-resistant medium of exchange.

'Liberate' Venezuela from Maduro, urges Bolsonaro ally  The Guardian

The incoming foreign minister under Brazil's far-right president-elect, Jair Bolsonaro, has called on the international community to unite to “liberate” Venezuela ...

The Guardian
Will Iran Become the Next Venezuela?  American Thinker

“Will Iran become the next Venezuela?” Almost every Iranian has faced this question. In truth, Iran has not only become the next Venezuela, but the acceleration ...

American Thinker
PNP warns against hostile takeover of Venezuela's shares in Petrojam  Loop News Jamaica

The move by the Government to enact legislation that would allow it to take ownership of the 49 per cent stake in Petrojam that is held by Venezuelan ...

Loop News Jamaica
FACT CHECK: Did Putin Just Send Two Supersonic Nuclear Bombers to Venezuela?  Snopes.com

A December 2018 incident was not the first time Russian Tu-160s had been spotted in Venezuela.

Venezuela Fires Back at US Remarks on Oil Dispute With Guyana  Voice of America

Venezuela's foreign ministry on Tuesday described as "interventionist and disrespectful" U.S. comments on a weekend incident in which Venezuela's navy ...

Voice of America
Trinidad suffers from Venezuela collapse as pirates return to the Caribbean  The National

As Nicolas Maduro oversees a failing state from Caracas, high seas terror spreads to Trinidad.

The National
Exxon ships have not returned to Venezuela incident site, Guyana says  Seeking Alpha

Seismic research vessels hired by Exxon Mobil (XOM) to explore for oil offshore Guyana have not returned to the site of last month's confrontation with Ven.

Seeking Alpha
Venezuela Isn’t the Crypto Use Case You Want It to Be  CoinDesk

Cryptocurrency enthusiasts love to talk about Venezuelan users – wracked by political oppression, economic collapse and food insecurity – as a prime example ...

Russia's Next Bomber Base: Venezuela?  The National Interest Online

If you really want to get into a fight with the United States, start basing nuclear-capable bombers in America's backyard. Russia should have learned that in 1962, ...

The National Interest Online
How to Get Venezuela's Economy Going Again: A Conversation with Luis Enrique Gavazut  Venezuelanalysis.com

In this interview with Venezuelanalysis, an independent researcher speaks frankly about the roots of the country's economic crisis and outlines a series of ...

US, Colombia aim to restore Venezuela's 'democratic heritage'  ABS-CBN News

CARTAGENA, Colombia -- US Secretary of State Mike Pompeo and Colombian President Ivan Duque discussed Wednesday how to help restore democratic ...

Venezuela Wants to Use Petro to Finance Large Housing Program  Bitcoin News

Completing a project to build 3 million homes for its suffering population is the next big initiative Venezuela wants to finance with its digital Completing a project ...

Bitcoin News
How Venezuela’s Economic Meltdown Has Hit Pensioners Where It Hurts the Most  Fortune

Venezuela's government has begun making pension payments in its cryptocurrency, the Petro, instead of the sovereign bolivar, according to a report from ...

Three Years After Being Passed, Venezuela's Seed Law Is Being Implemented from Below  Venezuelanalysis.com

Venezuelan grassroots organization Venezuela Libre de Transgenicos / Semillas del Pueblo (Venezuela Free from GMO / Seeds of the People) reports on the ...

'The strain is too much': Venezuelan exodus has Brazil at breaking point  The Guardian

As Brazil threatens to quit the new UN migration pact, its border-town shelters are bursting at the seams, with hundreds more arriving each day.

The Guardian
Venezuela's biggest daily, El Nacional, latest casualty of newsprint restrictions  CPJ Press Freedom Online

New York, December 17, 2018--Venezuela's biggest independent daily, El Nacional, printed its last edition on December 14, its editor and owner Miguel ...

CPJ Press Freedom Online
Indian Crypto Exchange in 45 Countries Sees Strong Demand in Venezuela  Bitcoin News

An Indian cryptocurrency exchange, which is now live in 45 countries, reports that it is "seeing immense enthusiasm and buyer activity in Venezuela," a ...

Bitcoin News
Strong 5.5 quake rattles Venezuela before dawn; people flee  KPLC

A strong earthquake jolted Venezuelans from their sleep early Thursday as residents in the capital evacuated buildings in their pajamas before sunrise.

Venezuela Decrees Crypto Operators Must Pay Taxes in Cryptocurrencies  Bitcoin News

The Venezuelan government has published a decree requiring taxpayers with crypto operations in the country to pay their taxes in cryptocurrencies. Similarly ...

Bitcoin News
Before-and-After Surgery Photos of Miss Universe Venezuela Tear Netizens Apart  Sputnik International

Hardly had the Miss Universe beauty pageant recovered from the debates swirling around its first transgender contestant, than new revelations by a plastic ...

Sputnik International
4.9-Magnitude Earthquake Hits Venezuela's Northern Coast  Sputnik International

The Venezuelan Foundation of Seismological Research said that the earthquake, which hit the country's northern coast in the early hours of Wednesday ...

Sputnik International
Russia Invited to Participate in Venezuela’s Gold Mining Projects - Ambassador  Sputnik International

MEXICO CITY (Sputnik) - Caracas has offered a number of proposals to Moscow regarding its potential participation in the country's gold mining projects, ...

Sputnik International

Venezuela Videos

Venezuela se llena de casas vacías por la crisis
Venezuela se llena de casas vacías por la crisis
Venezuela sufre
Venezuela sufre
La UE pide la repetición de las elecciones en Venezuela
La UE pide la repetición de las elecciones en Venezuela
Este será el nuevo salario mínimo Venezuela, enero 2019
Este será el nuevo salario mínimo Venezuela, enero 2019
Wir werden ANGEGRIFFEN! (Und Venezuela auch!)
Wir werden ANGEGRIFFEN! (Und Venezuela auch!)
Venezuela Noticias Hoy 8/01/2019 | GOBIERNO EN LA MIRA Ultimas Noticias
Venezuela Noticias Hoy 8/01/2019 | GOBIERNO EN LA MIRA Ultimas Noticias
Vicepresidenta de Venezuela rechaza decisión del Grupo de Lima y ataca a Iván Duque
Vicepresidenta de Venezuela rechaza decisión del Grupo de Lima y ataca a Iván Duque

Venezuela Images

File:Los Llanos Venezolanos.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Los Llanos Venezolanos.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
South America Political Map
South America Political Map
File:Paisaje del Estado Lara, Venezuela.JPG - Wikimedia ...
File:Paisaje del Estado Lara, Venezuela.JPG - Wikimedia ...
Actividad agropecuaria y pesquera en Venezuela ...
Actividad agropecuaria y pesquera en Venezuela ...
Rafael Urdaneta | Antonio Pérez Esclarín
Rafael Urdaneta | Antonio Pérez Esclarín
Mandala Concéntrico 10 Mandala para palabras o frases de ...
Mandala Concéntrico 10 Mandala para palabras o frases de ...
Zinggi::CH [Sudamérica - Vista de conjunto]
Zinggi::CH [Sudamérica - Vista de conjunto]
Los Corales Isla Pictures to Pin on Pinterest - PinsDaddy
Los Corales Isla Pictures to Pin on Pinterest - PinsDaddy
Mapas de Ecuador: Mapa geográfico del ecuador
Mapas de Ecuador: Mapa geográfico del ecuador
Geografia y Clima
Geografia y Clima

Venezuela WebSites


Venezuela Wiki

Venezuela ( (listen) VEN-ə-ZWAYL-ə; American Spanish: [beneˈswela]), officially the Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela), is a country on the northern coast of South America, consisting of a continental landmass and a large number of small islands and islets in the Caribbean Sea. The capital and largest urban agglomeration is the city of Caracas. It has a territorial extension of 916,445 km2 (353,841 sq mi). The continental territory is bordered on the north by the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean, on the west by Colombia, Brazil on the south, Trinidad and Tobago to the north-east and on the east by Guyana. With this last country, the Venezuelan government maintains a claim for Guayana Esequiba over an area of 159,542 km2 (61,600 sq mi). For its maritime areas, it exercises sovereignty over 71,295 km2 (27,527 sq mi) of territorial waters, 22,224 km2 (8,581 sq mi) in its contiguous zone, 471,507 km2 (182,050 sq mi) of the Caribbean Sea and the Atlantic Ocean under the concept of exclusive economic zone, and 99,889 km2 (38,567 sq mi) of continental shelf. This marine area borders those of 13 states. The country has extremely high biodiversity and is ranked seventh in the world's list of nations with the most number of species. There are habitats ranging from the Andes Mountains in the west to the Amazon basin rain-forest in the south via extensive llanos plains, the Caribbean coast and the Orinoco River Delta in the east.The territory now known as Venezuela was colonized by Spain in 1522 amid resistance from indigenous peoples. In 1811, it became one of the first Spanish-American territories to declare independence, which was not securely established until 1821, when Venezuela was a department of the federal republic of Gran Colombia. It gained full independence as a country in 1830. During the 19th century, Venezuela suffered political turmoil and autocracy, remaining dominated by regional caudillos (military strongmen) until the mid-20th century. Since 1958, the country has had a series of democratic governments. Economic shocks in the 1980s and 1990s led to several political crises, including the deadly Caracazo riots of 1989, two attempted coups in 1992, and the impeachment of President Carlos Andrés Pérez for embezzlement of public funds in 1993. A collapse in confidence in the existing parties saw the 1998 election of former coup-involved career officer Hugo Chávez and the launch of the Bolivarian Revolution. The revolution began with a 1999 Constituent Assembly, where a new Constitution of Venezuela was written. This new constitution officially changed the name of the country to Bolivarian Republic of Venezuela (Spanish: República Bolivariana de Venezuela).The sovereign state is a federal presidential republic consisting of 23 states, the Capital District (covering Caracas), and federal dependencies (covering Venezuela's offshore islands). Venezuela also claims all Guyanese territory west of the Essequibo River, a 159,500-square-kilometre (61,583 sq mi) tract dubbed Guayana Esequiba or the Zona en Reclamación (the "zone under dispute"). Venezuela is among the most urbanized countries in Latin America; the vast majority of Venezuelans live in the cities of the north, especially in the capital (Caracas) which is also the largest city in Venezuela.Oil was discovered in the early 20th century, and today, Venezuela has the world's largest known oil reserves and has been one of the world's leading exporters of oil. Previously, the country was an underdeveloped exporter of agricultural commodities such as coffee and cocoa, but oil quickly came to dominate exports and government revenues. The 1980s oil glut led to an external debt crisis and a long-running economic crisis. Inflation peaked at 100% in 1996 and poverty rates rose to 66% in 1995 as (by 1998) per capita GDP fell to the same level as 1963, down a third from its 1978 peak. The recovery of oil prices in the early 2000s gave Venezuela oil funds not seen since the 1980s. The Venezuelan government under Hugo Chavez then established populist social welfare policies that initially boosted the Venezuelan economy and increased social spending, temporarily reducing economic inequality and poverty in the early years of the regime. However, such populist policies later became inadequate, causing the nation's collapse as their excesses—including a uniquely extreme fossil fuel subsidy—are widely blamed for destabilizing the nation's economy. The destabilized economy led to a crisis in Bolivarian Venezuela, resulting in hyperinflation, an economic depression, shortages of basic goods and drastic increases in unemployment, poverty, disease, child mortality, malnutrition and crime. By 2017, Venezuela was declared to be in default regarding debt payments by credit rating agencies. In 2018, the country's economic policies led to extreme hyperinflation, with estimates expecting an inflation rate of 1,370,000% by the end of the year.Venezuela is a charter member of the UN, OAS, UNASUR, ALBA, Mercosur, LAIA and OEI.