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Vatican City NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Mon, 17 Dec 2018 19:30:58 GMTGoogle News
Kids at Vatican charity give Pope Francis a birthday cake  CBS 4 Indianapolis

VATICAN CITY — Children who frequent a Vatican pediatric dispensary have given Pope Francis a birthday cake, a day before he turns 82. Francis joked with ...

CBS 4 Indianapolis
Pope Francis Celebrates 82nd Birthday At The Vatican  HuffPost

Pope Francis cut a cake with children at the Vatican before his birthday, which falls on December 17.

Metro church members create gingerbread replica of St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City  WDAF FOX4 Kansas City

WESTON, Mo. -- There's a gingerbread house in the metro you have to see to believe. It's a replica of St. Peter's Basilica and Square in Vatican City, and it's truly ...

WDAF FOX4 Kansas City
EU Recognizes Financial System of Vatican City State  National Catholic Register

VATICAN CITY — The Board of the European Payments Council (EPC) approved last month the extension of the geographical scope of the Single Euro ...

National Catholic Register
Pope revamps Vatican City State structures, laws to boost oversight  National Catholic Reporter

Pope Francis approved a new set of laws concerning the structure and governance of Vatican City State in an effort to simplify the many offices and activities of ...

National Catholic Reporter
Pope promulgates new law for government of Vatican City State  Vatican News

In a letter issued motu proprio, Pope Francis has promulgated new norms that will overhaul the Governorate of Vatican City State, in order to make it ...

Vatican News
Top 5 financial transgressions committed by the Vatican City  EuropeanCEO

The Vatican is exceptional in every sense of the word. The tiny city-state, surrounded by Rome, is the smallest state in the world by area and population, yet it ...

Vatican enters European bank system in new sign of progress  The Republic

The Vatican has made more progress in its path to greater financial transparency by securing approval to join the European banking system that harmonizes ...

The Republic
Thousands Of Drunk Revelers Dressed As Jesus Descend On Vatican For Annual ChristCon Pub Crawl  The Onion

VATICAN CITY—Packing the cobblestone streets and clad in prosthetic beards, sandals, and crowns of thorns, thousands of drunken revelers poured into the ...

The Onion
Pope approves new legislation concerning Vatican City governance  mnnews.today

Pope Francis published new laws last Thursday concerning the administration of Vatican City State, including the establishment of an oversight body for ...

VATICAN CITY: Pope demotes cardinals over scandals  Daily Trust

Two cardinals facing allegations linked to sexual abuse have been removed from Pope Francis's inner circle, the Vatican said. Australia's George Pell and ...

Daily Trust
Vatican Museums to launch full virtual tour  Arlington Catholic Herald

In the technology support department at the Vatican Museums, Villanova University student Justin Myers is spending a semester creating virtual tours of galleries ...

Arlington Catholic Herald
Making history: Hussain Al Jassmi performs at Vatican Christmas concert  The National

The Emirati singer performed alongside Alessandra Amoroso, Anastacia, Jose Feliciano and Dee Dee Bridgewater at the annual event.

The National
Vatican City's sand nativity scene weighs over 1.5M pounds  The Weather Network

For the first time ever St. Peter's Square's nativity scene will be made out of sand.

The Weather Network
Vatican announces papal trips to Bulgaria, Macedonia  WJHL-TV News Channel 11

VATICAN CITY (AP) - Pope Francis is travelling in May to the Orthodox countries of Bulgaria and Macedonia, where he will pay tribute to Macedonian-born ...

WJHL-TV News Channel 11
Pope Francis cuts from Cabinet two cardinals named in abuse scandal  Salt Lake Tribune

Vatican City • Pope Francis has removed two cardinals from his informal Cabinet after they were implicated in the Catholic Church's sex abuse and cover-up ...

Salt Lake Tribune
Battle of wills: Tiny order of French nuns takes on Vatican  Seymour Tribune

The Vatican is locked in a battle of wills with nuns in a tiny French religious order who are threatening to renounce their vows rather than accept the Holy See's ...

Seymour Tribune
Vatican investigates after nuns report sex abuse by priests  Salt Lake Tribune

Vatican City • The Vatican has launched an investigation into a small Chilean religious order of nuns after some sisters denounced sexual abuse at the hands of ...

Salt Lake Tribune
Pope Francis taps experts, U.S. cardinal to help prep for abuse summit  Salt Lake Tribune

Vatican City • Pope Francis named the Vatican's top sex abuse investigator and a close U.S. ally to an organizing committee for a February abuse prevention ...

Salt Lake Tribune
Christmas tree set up in St. Peter's Square  Vatican News

The Vatican's Christmas tree arrives from Northern Italy and is put up in St. Peter's Square ahead of its inauguration on December 7th.

Vatican News
Christmas is coming! Vatican unveils nativity scene and tree  The Tablet

The 'Sand Nativity' scene and tree will remain in St. Peter's Square until the feast of the Baptism of the Lord on 13 January. Christmas is coming! Vatican unveils ...

The Tablet
Vatican official: With migration, cooperation is better than isolationism  Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- The Vatican praised the adoption by more than 160 nations of a key agreement on global migration, saying today's migration ...

Catholic News Service
Vatican publishes schedule for papal visit to Abu Dhabi  National Catholic Reporter

When Pope Francis travels to the United Arab Emirates Feb. 3-5, he will meet with the international Muslim Council of Elders, participate in an interreligious ...

National Catholic Reporter
What it's like to assist at Mass with the pope  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

What is it like to stand “shoulder-to-shoulder” with Pope Francis during the celebration of the Mass?

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Zeman to receive new ambassadors from Vatican City, Georgia, Latvia, Albania  Radio Prague

President Miloš Zeman on Thursday will formally receive the credentials of four new ambassadors, from the Vatican City, Georgia, Latvia and Albania.

Radio Prague
Vatican's St. Peter's Square gets 720-ton sand nativity scene  Reuters

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - The traditional nativity scene in St. Peter's Square won't be so traditional this year. For the first time, it is made of sand - 720 tons of it.

Gambino: Alliances need to be created to face the abuse scandal  Vatican News

Gabriella Gambino, one of the Undersecretaries of the Dicastery for the Laity, Family and Life, speaks about the February meeting in the Vatican on ...

Vatican News
Vatican Nativity scene brings much-needed warmth to people's hearts  The Dialog

VATICAN CITY (CNS) — The annual unveiling of the Vatican's Christmas tree and Nativity scene brought some much-needed warmth to people's hearts as ...

The Dialog
Vatican hosts Russian art, icons from Tretyakov Gallery  Minneapolis Star Tribune

The Vatican is hosting an unprecedented exhibition of Russian fine art, bringing treasures from Moscow's famed Tretyakov Gallery to Rome following a sold-out ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Pope decries that 'wealthy few' feast on what belongs to all  The Associated Press

VATICAN CITY (AP) — Championing the cause of the poor, Pope Francis on Sunday lamented that "the wealthy few" enjoy what, "in justice, belongs to all" and ...

The Associated Press
VATICAN CITY | Pope hopes new UN global pact sparks compassion for migrants  STL.News

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis is expressing hope that the new U.N. global pact on safe, orderly migration spurs solidarity toward migrants. He told the faithful ...

Vatican urges adoption of global compacts on migration, refugees  National Catholic Reporter

Welcoming the finalization of global compacts on migration and on refugees, the Vatican urged nations to adopt the nonbinding agreements to protect people ...

National Catholic Reporter
Vatican renews call for 2-state solution to Mideast conflict  Daily Journal

The Vatican has reaffirmed its longstanding call for a two-state solution to the Israeli-Palestinian conflict following a visit by Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas, ...

Daily Journal
Vatican publishes pope's Christmas schedule | Catholic News & Multimedia | Diocese of Rochester  Catholic Courier

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Pope Francis has a full schedule of Christmastime liturgies planned for December and January, including the customary baptism of ...

Catholic Courier
Pope says he's worried about homosexuality in priesthood  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

Pope Francis has been quoted as saying homosexuality in the clergy "is something that worries me."

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Vatican to host conference on addictions  Vatican News

By John Waters. The Vatican's Dicastery for Promoting Integral Human development is to host a conference on addictions. The conference entitled “Drugs and ...

Vatican News
Pope Francis recalls Ukraine Holodomor famine  Vatican News

By Devin Watkins. Following the Angelus prayer on Sunday, Pope Francis remembered the man-made famine that struck Ukraine in 1932-1933 and the ...

Vatican News
Rome won't fix the sex abuse crisis in U.S. churches, so let U.S. lay Catholics try  Dallas News

"We have accepted it with disappointment." That was the public reaction of Cardinal Daniel DiNardo to the latest indignity inflicted on him and his fellow Roman ...

Dallas News
Pope prays for those stricken by California wildfires  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

Pope Francis has prayed for victims of California's wildfires and freezing weather on the U.S. East Coast.

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
From beach to basilica: 'Sand Nativity' brings unique style to Vatican  Long Island Catholic

A worker sculpts an angel on a Nativity scene made entirely of sand in St. Peter's Square at the Vatican Nov. 26. The 52-foot wide sculpture is made of sand from ...

Long Island Catholic
VATICAN CITY | Pope taps experts, women for group to prepare abuse summit  STL.News

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis named the Vatican's top sex abuse investigator and a close U.S. ally to an organizing committee for a February abuse ...

Vatican, World Youth Day officials release pope's Panama itinerary  National Catholic Reporter

When Pope Francis visits Panama for World Youth Day in January, he will meet with young people not able to attend the festivities: some in jail and with some ...

National Catholic Reporter
French sisters renounce vows after Vatican power struggle  Minneapolis Star Tribune

Nearly all the members of a French religious order of nuns have decided to renounce their vows rather than live under a Vatican commissioner appointed after a ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Pope taps Texan bishop Daniel Garcia for Monterey  Monterey County Herald

VATICAN CITY (AP) — Pope Francis has named Monsignor Daniel Garcia, currently an auxiliary bishop in Texas, to take over as bishop of Monterey, California.

Monterey County Herald
Pope Francis to visit Abu Dhabi in February 2019  The B.C. Catholic

VATICAN CITY (CNA/EWTN News)—Pope Francis will travel to Abu Dhabi in the United Arab Emirates Feb. 3-5 to participate in an international interfaith ...

The B.C. Catholic
Pope says he's worried about homosexuality in the priesthood  The Associated Press

VATICAN CITY (AP) — Pope Francis has been quoted in a soon-to-be published book as saying that having gays in the clergy "is something that worries me" ...

The Associated Press
panama vatican city  STL.News

Posts about panama vatican city written by Zainab Sheikh.

What To Do in Vatican City: Our Guide  Condé Nast Traveler

Our top recommendations for the best things to do in Vatican City, Rome, Italy, with pictures and travel tips. Find fun things to do, best places to visit, unusual ...

Condé Nast Traveler
california wildfires vatican city  STL.News

Posts about california wildfires vatican city written by Zainab Sheikh.

Human remains found near Vatican's Rome Embassy revive 1983 cold case  NBC News

Human bones have been found during renovation work near the Vatican's Embassy to Italy, reviving talk about one of the Holy See's most enduring mysteries ...

NBC News
75th Anniversary of the bombing of Vatican City State  Vatican News

It was five minutes after eight o'clock on the evening of 5 November1943, when bombs rained down on Vatican City State.

Vatican News
Vatican Mosaic Studio – Vatican City  Atlas Obscura

Discover Vatican Mosaic Studio in Vatican City: A hidden workshop for creating and restoring Papal mosaic masterpieces.

Atlas Obscura
No policy in place to protect children within Vatican City  The Boston Globe

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis has taken measures to address a spiraling sex abuse scandal in Chile, but he hasn't moved on a problem closer to home: ...

The Boston Globe
When David Beats Goliath: The Five Billion Euros That The Vatican Owes Rome  Forbes

The Vatican owes Rome some 5 billion euros. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ordered Italy to recover the ICI property tax that the catholic ...

Vatican Faces Modern-Day Suffragists, Demanding Right to Vote  The New York Times

Women want the Vatican to ease rules about who has a say on major policy decisions. Male religious brothers have the right to vote, so why can't nuns?

The New York Times
Vatican Calls Sexual Abuse Detailed in Pennsylvania Report ‘Criminal and Morally Reprehensible’  KTLA Los Angeles

The Vatican broke its silence on Thursday about a Pennsylvania grand jury report that detailed decades of sexual abuses by priests and cover-ups by bishops, ...

KTLA Los Angeles
Six Americans file class action lawsuit against Vatican claiming U.S. Catholic clergy sexually abused them  NBC News

Six men who claim they were sexually abused as children by members of the Roman Catholic clergy have filed a class-action lawsuit against the Vatican and ...

NBC News
Soldiers get close look at Vatican, score soccer victory over Swiss Guards  Stars and Stripes

VATICAN CITY – Most of the U.S. military soccer team from Vicenza didn't understand the Italian and Latin that Pope Francis used to address the audience at St.

Stars and Stripes
'Civil war' divides world's Catholics amid allegations of sex abuse, cover-up  USA TODAY

VATICAN CITY – The latest – and most serious – wave of pedophilia and cover-up allegations to hit the Vatican is shining a new light on the gap dividing the ...

Vatican deal with Beijing leaves some key questions unresolved  Reuters

A landmark deal between China's leaders and the Vatican over the appointment of bishops has been struck without Beijing taking action on long-held Church ...

The Vatican knew of a cover-up involving abusive priests, Pennsylvania AG says  CNN

In the latest scathing allegation against the Catholic church, Pennsylvania's attorney general said the Vatican knew about a cover-up involving sex abuse ...

Vatican Orlandi mystery: 'Woman's bones' found in Rome search  BBC News

Initial examination of bones found at the Vatican's embassy in Rome suggest they belong to a woman, reports say, heightening speculation that the discovery ...

BBC News
Vatican, China make breakthrough deal on bishop appointments  Salt Lake Tribune

Vatican City • The Vatican and China said Saturday they had signed a “provisional agreement” over the appointment of bishops, a breakthrough on an issue that ...

Salt Lake Tribune
Vatican announces deal with China on bishop appointments  NBCNews.com

The Vatican announced a breakthrough "provisional agreement" with China on the appointment of bishops, an issue that for decades has caused tensions ...

11 Vatican facts most people don’t know  Aleteia EN

The Vatican is far from being an amusement park for conspiracy theorists. In fact, most of the activity one finds behind its walls might be quite boring for a general ...

Aleteia EN
See inside the Vatican — home to the world's most powerful religious leader, where 9 miles of museums house some of the most stunning works of art  Business Insider

The world's smallest state is a fascinating and beautiful place.

Business Insider
The Vatican worries the church is losing the young — and abuse is just one factor  The Washington Post

VATICAN CITY — By age 9 or 10, she had her first doubts about the faith, and not long after, she felt confident telling her parents: The Catholic Church, Agata ...

The Washington Post
Young Catholics urge Vatican to issue inclusive LGBTQ message  NBCNews.com

VATICAN CITY — Catholic bishops are entering their final week of debate over hot-button issues facing young Catholics, including how the church should ...

Vatican City—astonishing facts about the world’s smallest country  Times of India

Vatican City is the world's smallest country, which spans over just 110 ac and has less than 1000 citizens. Read on to know some of the interesting facts of ...

Times of India
Saifuddin: New ambassador to Vatican City nominated, awaiting approval from the Holy See - Nation  The Star Online

PUTRAJAYA: A new Malaysian ambassador to the Vatican City has been finalised by Wisma Putra.

The Star Online
Vatican defends pope against 'blasphemous' cover-up claims  NBCNews.com

A top Vatican cardinal issued a scathing rebuke of the ambassador who accused Pope Francis of covering up the sexual misconduct of a prominent American ...

Why the Vatican continues to struggle with sex abuse scandals  The Washington Post

VATICAN CITY — With revelation after revelation, a new wave of sexual abuse scandals is rocking the Roman Catholic Church and presenting Pope Francis ...

The Washington Post
10 Secrets of the Vatican: Did you know these facts about Vatican City?  mnnews.today

Vatican City is a city-state within the city of Rome, Italy. It is home to both Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI and is a veritable monument to Catho…

Must-Visit Places At The Vatican City  Guardian Nigeria

Covering 0.44 square kilometres, the Vatican City (Citta del Vaticano) is the smallest country in the world. With a population numbering 920 inhabitants, the ...

Guardian Nigeria
Pope defrocks priest at center of Chilean sexual abuse scandal  Reuters

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Pope Francis has defrocked a 88-year-old Chilean priest who sexually abused teenage boys over a period of many years and is at ...

Cardinal Wuerl met with Pope Francis about crisis in D.C. diocese  CNN

Pope Francis met with Cardinal Donald Wuerl last Thursday in Vatican City, where they discussed Wuerl's personal situation, according to a source familiar with ...

Open skies: Vatican Observatory preparing public stargazing tour  OSV Newsweekly

By Catholic News *Service*. Open skies: Vatican Observatory preparing public stargazing tour.

OSV Newsweekly
Pope Francis blesses llamas at Vatican City  euronews [English edition]

Pope Francis blessed llamas in St. Peter's Square on Wednesday during his weekly audience. The llamas from the South Tyrol region walked with their owners ...

euronews [English edition]
Pope Accepts Wuerl’s Resignation as Washington Archbishop, but Calls Him a Model Bishop  The New York Times

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis on Friday accepted the resignation of Cardinal Donald Wuerl, the archbishop of Washington, a moment many victims of clerical ...

The New York Times
Your Turn: The Real Housewives of Vatican City  Napa Valley Register

If you're a connoisseur of noisy, vicious, over-the-top melodrama, you no longer need to rely on the famous women of New Jersey or Atlanta or Beverly Hills for ...

Napa Valley Register
A Nuclear Bomb Inside the Vatican  The New York Times

I am not a Catholic, but the Holy City filled me with awe. I wonder what its leader thinks of me, though.

The New York Times
Sultan of Johor invited by Pope for Vatican City state visit  Channel NewsAsia

JOHOR BAHRU: The Sultan of Johor has been invited by Pope Francis to make a state visit to Vatican City, according to the ruler's latest Facebook ...

Channel NewsAsia
Pope laments abuse in 1st post-bombshell Vatican appearance  USA TODAY

VATICAN CITY – Pope Francis lamented Wednesday how Irish church authorities failed to respond to the crimes of sexual abuse, speaking during his first public ...

Vatican orders US bishops to delay sex abuse reforms  EWN

Cardinal Blase Cupich, archbishop of Chicago, said the Vatican's decision aimed to make sure that "our decisions can be informed by listening to our brother ...

Vatican City presents woodland chapels built by architects including Foster, Souto de Moura and Flores & Prats  Dezeen

The Vatican City seeks to question the meaning of the chapel in the 21st century with its debut at the Venice Architecture Biennale, a series of woodland ...

Pope removes Bishop of Memphis from pastoral care of his diocese  Vatican News

Pope Francis has removed Bishop Martin D. Holley from the pastoral care of the Diocese of Memphis, United States.

Vatican News
Pope's remedy to those seeking scandal: prayer and silence  Fox News

VATICAN CITY – Pope Francis on Monday recommended silence and prayer to deal with those who "only seek scandal," division and destruction in what ...

Fox News
Rare snowfall in the Vatican and on St. Peter's Basilica  Vatican News

A rare snowfall in Rome and in Vatican City State provided a great photo opportunity for Romans and tourists.

Vatican News
Pope meets Israeli president at the Vatican  National Catholic Reporter

Pope Francis welcomed Israeli President Reuven Rivlin to the Vatican Nov. 15 for a private discussion that included the importance of building greater trust ...

National Catholic Reporter
McCarrick scandal prompts Pope Francis to open Vatican archives to investigators  NBCNews.com

Pope Francis authorized a "thorough study" into Vatican archives to look into now ex-Cardinal Theodore McCarrick sexual misconduct allegations.

Vatican City's patronage is "exactly what architecture needs" says Norman Foster  Dezeen

The Vatican City is a champion for contemporary architecture, according to Norman Foster, one of several architects commissioned by the Catholic city state for ...

Pope on Pennsylvania sex abuse report: We abandoned the little ones  CNN

Pope Francis on Monday addressed reports detailing decades of sexual abuse by clerics against minors, writing in a letter that "we showed no care for the little ...

Sistine Chapel goes from Rome to Tacoma in immersive exhibition  The News Tribune

Michelangelo's Sistine Chapel The Exhibition” recreates the 16th century frescoes and paintings completed by Michelangelo on the walls and ceilings of the ...

The News Tribune
At Vatican, South Korean leader says he's certain of peace  The Associated Press

VATICAN CITY (AP) — South Korea's president said he was certain peace could be achieved on the Korean Peninsula as he prepared for an audience ...

The Associated Press
“Vatican Audio” app to listen to the Pope in 5 languages  Vatican News

By Robin Gomes. An audio app to help listeners easily tune in to the Pope is now available for mobile devices in five languages. Created by the Vatican's ...

Vatican News
360-degree video offers a look inside all 10 chapels built by the Vatican City in Venice  Dezeen

Explore the Vatican City's pavilion featuring modern interpretations of the chapel for the 2018 Venice Architecture Biennale, in this 360-video.

Pope’s Army Gets Help From Ex-Central Banker for Vatican Revamp  Bloomberg

Pope Francis's guards need a new barracks and they're getting help from a different kind of power -- a central banker.

Vatican City's first Venice Biennale pavilion to feature chapels by Foster, Souto de Moura and more  Dezeen

The Vatican City will make its debut at the Venice Architecture Biennale this year, by building a series of chapels by architects including Norman Foster, Eduardo ...

Katy Perry's trip to Vatican City included meeting Pope Francis  KTRK-TV

Katy Perry and Orlando Bloom met Pope Francis during a trip to The Vatican Saturday morning.

Kendrick Lamar Hits Vatican City w/ Fiancee  TMZ

Kendrick Lamar just won a Pulitzer, but doesn't appear he's celebrating by turning up at the club.


Vatican City Videos

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Vatican City Explained
Vatican City, the smallest country in the world
Vatican City, the smallest country in the world
वेटिकन सिटी दुनिया का सबसे छोटा देश // Vatican City smallest country in the world
वेटिकन सिटी दुनिया का सबसे छोटा देश // Vatican City smallest country in the world
Travel To Vatican City | History And Documentary Vatican City In Urdu & Hindi | ویٹیکن سٹی کی سیر
Travel To Vatican City | History And Documentary Vatican City In Urdu & Hindi | ویٹیکن سٹی کی سیر
Vatican City (Bengali) - ভ্যাটিকান সিটি
Vatican City (Bengali) - ভ্যাটিকান সিটি
Top 10 Things to See in Vatican City
Top 10 Things to See in Vatican City
Vatican Media Live
Vatican Media Live
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The Vatican City | Documentary
Lucifers Temple - Inside the Vatican (R$E)
Lucifers Temple - Inside the Vatican (R$E)

Vatican City Images

Vatican City – Italy Travel Guide
Vatican City – Italy Travel Guide
Der eindrucksvolle Petersdom in Rom | Urlaubsguru.de
Der eindrucksvolle Petersdom in Rom | Urlaubsguru.de
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Is it right to silence Big Ben for workers’ hearing?
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The Plaza de España In Seville, Spain - The Wanderblogger
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Notting Hill, London: A Photo Series - The Wanderblogger
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Sixtinische Kapelle Foto & Bild | europe, italy, vatican ...
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Innsbruck, Austria: In The Heart Of The Alps - The ...
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San Marino Travel Guide and Travel Information
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Hotel Fontana Roma: the only one hotel in front of Trevi ...
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Youdesign Cotton Silk Net Cape Lehenga In Baby Pink Colour

Vatican City WebSites


Vatican City Wiki

Vatican City ( (listen)), officially Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes). With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population.The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is, religiously speaking, the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.The Holy See dates back to early Christianity, and is the primate episcopal see of the Catholic Church, with 1.3 billion Catholics around the world distributed in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent Vatican City-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and souvenirs, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications.