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Vatican City NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 13 Feb 2019 22:12:57 GMTGoogle News
Vatican, Microsoft team up on artificial intelligence ethics  Alabama's News Leader

VATICAN CITY (AP) — The Vatican says it is teaming up with Microsoft on an academic prize to promote ethics in artificial intelligence. Pope Francis met ...

Alabama's News Leader
February 12, 1931, the day Vatican Radio was born  Vatican News

On 12 February 88 years ago, the day after the anniversary of signing of the Lateran Pact, Pope Pius XI inaugurated the Vatican Radio.

Vatican News
Vatican City Walls – Città del Vaticano, Vatican  Atlas Obscura

Discover Vatican City Walls in Città del Vaticano, Vatican: Historic fortifications form the boundary of Vatican City, but it's not entirely surrounded by walls.

Atlas Obscura
Pope urges Italian police at the Vatican to charity, brotherhood, mercy  Vatican News

Pope Francis on January 17 met the Inspectorate of Public Security at the Vatican to exchange New Year's greetings.

Vatican News
Great expectations: Vatican abuse summit has realistic key goals  Chicago Catholic

VATICAN CITY — All eyes and ears will be on the Vatican during an unprecedented gathering Feb. 21-24 to discuss the protection of minors in the Catholic ...

Chicago Catholic
Pope OKs miracle needed for Briton’s sainthood  Washington Post

Pope Francis has approved a miracle needed to make Cardinal John Henry Newman, an Anglican convert, a saint.

Washington Post
Vatican's Office of General Auditor Gets New Statutes  National Catholic Register

VATICAN CITY — The Vatican's general auditor has new statutes, conferred recently by Pope Francis, that will bring financial audits of Vatican offices into ...

National Catholic Register
Report: Pope says not time yet for mediation in Venezuela  WNDU-TV

Pope Francis has reportedly written to Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro indicating conditions aren't ripe for the Vatican to step in and help mediate in the ...

Pope Francis Wants Bishops to Learn to Punish Abusers at Vatican Sex Abuse Prevention Summit  TIME

(VATICAN CITY) — Pope Francis is insisting that bishops attending his high-stakes sex abuse prevention summit will learn the laws to use against predators, ...

FACT CHECK: Did Italy Arrest Cardinals and Seize Vatican City?  Snopes.com

"The article starts out seemingly sane and then spirals into absurdity ..."

On This Day: Italy recognizes sovereignty of Vatican City  UPI News

On Feb. 11, 1929, a Lateran treaty signed in Italy recognized the sovereignty of Vatican City.

UPI News
Vatican flag draws big crowd, huge donations of food  Foster's Daily Democrat

SOMERSWORTH — Though a man of faith, Father Andrew Nelson said he was a little worried about the weather early Saturday morning, the day the Vatican ...

Foster's Daily Democrat
Four in five Vatican priests are gay, book claims  The Guardian

Some of the most senior clerics in the Roman Catholic church who have vociferously attacked homosexuality are themselves gay, according to a book to be ...

The Guardian
Vatican: The history  gulfnews.com

The pope, is the Bishop of Rome and the ex officio leader of the worldwide Catholic Church. Since 1929, the pope has also been head of state of Vatican City, ...

8 in 10 Vatican priests are gay, explosive new book claims  PinkNews

The vast majority of Vatican priests are gay, claims an explosive new book set for release on February 21 based on hundreds of interview.

Vatican ex-doctrine chief pens manifesto amid pope criticism  WTOP

VATICAN CITY (AP) — The Vatican's former doctrine chief has penned a “manifesto of faith” to remind Catholics of basic tenets of belief amid what he says is ...

Pope updates role, authority of auditor's office as part of reform  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

As part of ongoing financial reform efforts, Pope Francis updated the role and authority of the auditor general's office, calling it the Vatican's "anti-corruption ...

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Pope puts Sistine choir under aide's eye after scandal  Seymour Tribune

Pope Francis has put a close aide in charge of the Sistine Chapel Choir after a funds scandal.

Seymour Tribune
Vatican commemorates 90th anniversary of Lateran Pacts  CatholicPhilly.com

By Junno Arocho Esteves • Catholic News *Service* • Posted February 8, 2019. VATICAN CITY (CNS) — The historic signing of the Lateran Pacts between the ...

Vatican Launches Track Team Made Up of Nuns, Clergy, Swiss Guard, and Other Staff  runnersworld.com

A new international sports team may have a supernatural boost: Vatican representatives announced last week that the city-state has launched a national track ...

Cyclist Aru gives pope his bike - English  Agenzia ANSA

(ANSA) - Vatican City, February 13 - Cyclist Fabio Aru gives pope his bike at the nd of the general audience on Wednesday "so that the proceeds from a charity ...

Agenzia ANSA
Vatican clarifies Pope Francis on issue of ‘sexual slavery’ of nuns  USA TODAY

he Vatican on Wednesday clarified comments by Pope Francis about a case of what he called “sexual slavery” within a French congregation of nuns, saying he ...

Move over, Vatican -- there's a new church in town!  CNN

Italy's first Mormon temple opened on Monday. It's in Rome, just a few miles up the road from the Vatican.

Rare pictures of Sheikh Zayed's 1951 trip to the Vatican found in private collection  The National

Rarely seen pictures of a visit to the Vatican by Sheikh Zayed more than 60 years ago have been found in the personal collection of a Lebanese French family.

The National
Italy Arrests Cardinals And Seizes Vatican City  Patheos

Rome, Italy – Italian law enforcement arrested scores of Cardinals early yesterday morning. The Italian military shortly afterward swept into Vatican City.

Vatican's Swiss Guards wear new 3D-printed helmets  CNN

The Pontifical Swiss Guard, the mini-army charged with protecting the Pope, receives a new and improved helmet design after more than 500 years.

Wikileaks takes a swipe at the famously secret Vatican  Duluth News Tribune

ROME - Wikileaks, the tell-anything anti-secrecy organization, on Wednesday, Jan. 30, took aim at one of the world's most secretive institutions, the Vatican, ...

Duluth News Tribune
Disgraced U.S. ex-cardinal could be defrocked soon: Vatican sources  Reuters

VATICAN CITY (Reuters) - Disgraced former U.S. cardinal Theodore McCarrick is almost certain to be defrocked in the next few weeks over allegations against ...

As Mormons open Rome temple, doctrinal hiccups with Vatican endure  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

ROME - Last month Rome became home to Italy's first Mormon temple, which sits just a few blocks from the Vatican. Yet while the Mormons say they're planning ...

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Vatican's China policy not a competition between two sides, says official  National Catholic Reporter

The Catholic Church's process of reconciliation and rapprochement in China is not a "competition or who is right, but of brothers and sisters in the faith, who all ...

National Catholic Reporter
Vatican summit to help nations lagging on abuse policies, Jesuit says  National Catholic Reporter

Only about half of the national bishops' conferences in the world have adopted complete, Vatican-approved guidelines for handling accusations of clerical ...

National Catholic Reporter
Vatican releases online guide to combat $150 billion human trafficking industry  Catholic News Agency

With a new online guide, the Vatican seeks to combat the “ugly business” of human trafficking, which is estimated to generate $150 billion dollars a year, ...

Catholic News Agency
VATICAN CITY | Pope to visit Moroccan imam school to boost moderate Islam  STL.News

VATICAN CITY (AP) — Pope Francis will meet with migrants in Morocco and visit a training institute for imams that seeks to be a bulwark against Islamic.

Search for Christian unity is making progress, Vatican official says  Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Despite some new tensions, "practically the whole of Christianity is in a process of advancing beyond the controversies and competition ...

Catholic News Service
Vatican magazine denounces sexual abuse of nuns by priests  Minneapolis Star Tribune

VATICAN CITY — The Vatican's women's magazine is denouncing the sexual abuse of nuns by priests and the resulting scandal of religious sisters having ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Will Ram Mandir be built in Mecca Madina or Vatican City if not in Ayodhya: Ramdev  Zee News

He added that this is a well-established fact that Ayodhya is Lord Ram's birthplace stating that the deity was the ancestor not just of the Hindus but of Muslims ...

Zee News
Special Celtic TV Subscriber in Vatican City  CeltsAreHere

During an interview with Ladbrokes Fan TV, Celtic's multimedia man Gerry McCulloch gave an interesting little tidbit about Celtic TV subscribers. The former ...

VATICAN CITY | Amid wall debate, pope visits Panama with migration in mind  STL.News

VATICAN CITY —January 22, 2019— Pope Francis is looking to leave the sex abuse scandal buffeting his papacy behind as he heads to Central America amid ...

Trump Calls Wall 'Moral' Because Vatican Has One. So What's Its History?  Live Science

Any border wall between the United States and Mexico can't be immoral, President Trump said at a Cabinet meeting yesterday (Jan. 2), because the Vatican has ...

Live Science
Pope reforms Vatican City State govt - English  Agenzia ANSA

(ANSA) - Vatican City, December 6 - The Holy See said Thursday that Pope Francis has reformed how the Vatican City State is governed via a motu proprio ...

Agenzia ANSA
Vatican new track team of nuns, priests targets Olympics  NBC News

The Vatican launched an official track team Thursday with the aim of competing in international competitions.

NBC News
When David Beats Goliath: The Five Billion Euros That The Vatican Owes Rome  Forbes

The Vatican owes Rome some 5 billion euros. The Court of Justice of the European Union (CJEU) ordered Italy to recover the ICI property tax that the catholic ...

EU Recognizes Financial System of Vatican City State  National Catholic Register

VATICAN CITY — The Board of the European Payments Council (EPC) approved last month the extension of the geographical scope of the Single Euro ...

National Catholic Register
Pope promulgates new law for government of Vatican City State  Vatican News

In a letter issued motu proprio, Pope Francis has promulgated new norms that will overhaul the Governorate of Vatican City State, in order to make it ...

Vatican News
The Vatican's New Track Team Includes Priests, Nuns and a Scholar  Smithsonian.com

The team dreams of competing in the Olympics, though that might be a 'long shot,' says its president.

Human remains found near Vatican's Rome Embassy revive 1983 cold case  NBC News

Human bones have been found during renovation work near the Vatican's Embassy to Italy, reviving talk about one of the Holy See's most enduring mysteries ...

NBC News
Vatican Faces Modern-Day Suffragists, Demanding Right to Vote  The New York Times

Women want the Vatican to ease rules about who has a say on major policy decisions. Male religious brothers have the right to vote, so why can't nuns?

The New York Times
Vatican spokesman and his deputy resign suddenly amid fallout from sex abuse scandal  NBCNews.com

The Vatican spokesman, Greg Burke, and his deputy resigned suddenly Monday amid an overhaul of the Vatican's communications operations that coincides ...

The Vatican City’s New Track Team Has Its Sights Set On The Olympics  GQ Australia

And they have some pretty elite athletes — as well as the almighty power of the holy trinity, we imagine — on their side.

GQ Australia
75th Anniversary of the bombing of Vatican City State  Vatican News

It was five minutes after eight o'clock on the evening of 5 November1943, when bombs rained down on Vatican City State.

Vatican News
What To Do in Vatican City: Our Guide  Condé Nast Traveler

Our top recommendations for the best things to do in Vatican City, Rome, Italy, with pictures and travel tips. Find fun things to do, best places to visit, unusual ...

Condé Nast Traveler
Vatican Mosaic Studio – Vatican City  Atlas Obscura

Discover Vatican Mosaic Studio in Vatican City: A hidden workshop for creating and restoring Papal mosaic masterpieces.

Atlas Obscura
FAQ - Information on the Vatican  Vatican News

Discover the most frequently asked questions on the Vatican News site. Find the answers regarding the Vatican on this page.

Vatican News
Catholic Church abuse scandal: Civil war divides Vatican right, left  USA TODAY

VATICAN CITY – The latest – and most serious – wave of pedophilia and cover-up allegations to hit the Vatican is shining a new light on the gap dividing the ...

AP Exclusive: Vatican letter undermines US cardinal on abuse  Associated Press

VATICAN CITY (AP) — The Vatican blocked U.S. bishops from taking measures to address the clergy sex abuse scandal because U.S. church leaders didn't ...

Associated Press
Vatican announces deal with China on bishop appointments  NBCNews.com

The Vatican announced a breakthrough "provisional agreement" with China on the appointment of bishops, an issue that for decades has caused tensions ...

Victims, accountability on agenda at pope’s sex abuse summit  Boston Herald

VATICAN CITY (AP) — The Vatican on Tuesday released the first details of Pope Francis' upcoming high-stakes sex abuse prevention summit, making clear that ...

Boston Herald
Pope Francis leads Christmas Eve Mass at Vatican  PBS NewsHour

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis urged Christians on Monday to forgo the greed, gluttony and materialism of Christmas and to focus instead on its message of ...

PBS NewsHour
Metro church members create gingerbread replica of St. Peter’s Basilica in Vatican City  WDAF FOX4 Kansas City

WESTON, Mo. -- There's a gingerbread house in the metro you have to see to believe. It's a replica of St. Peter's Basilica and Square in Vatican City, and it's truly ...

WDAF FOX4 Kansas City
No policy in place to protect children within Vatican City  The Boston Globe

VATICAN CITY — Pope Francis has taken measures to address a spiraling sex abuse scandal in Chile, but he hasn't moved on a problem closer to home: ...

The Boston Globe
Pope approves new legislation concerning Vatican City governance  mnnews.today

Pope Francis published new laws last Thursday concerning the administration of Vatican City State, including the establishment of an oversight body for ...

Soldiers get close look at Vatican, score soccer victory over Swiss Guards  Stars and Stripes

VATICAN CITY – Most of the U.S. military soccer team from Vicenza didn't understand the Italian and Latin that Pope Francis used to address the audience at St.

Stars and Stripes
“Sand Nativity” and Christmas tree of St. Peter's Square unveiled  Vatican News

The Nativity scene in sand and the Christmas tree in the middle of St. Peter's Square in Rome were inaugurated during a ceremony in the evening of ...

Vatican News
Thousands Of Drunk Revelers Dressed As Jesus Descend On Vatican For Annual ChristCon Pub Crawl  The Onion

VATICAN CITY—Packing the cobblestone streets and clad in prosthetic beards, sandals, and crowns of thorns, thousands of drunken revelers poured into the ...

The Onion
Vatican court hands down historic money laundering verdict  Vatican News

The Holy See Press Office announces that the first person in the Vatican's history has been tried and found guilty of money laundering.

Vatican News
The Vatican worries the church is losing the young — and abuse is just one factor  The Washington Post

VATICAN CITY — By age 9 or 10, she had her first doubts about the faith, and not long after, she felt confident telling her parents: The Catholic Church, Agata ...

The Washington Post
Razorbacks Explore The Vatican City  Arkansas Razorbacks

Photo Gallery VATICAN CITY — The University of Arkansas women's basketball team spent the morning in the Vatican City on Saturday. The team, coaches ...

Arkansas Razorbacks
11 Vatican facts most people don’t know  Aleteia EN

The Vatican is far from being an amusement park for conspiracy theorists. In fact, most of the activity one finds behind its walls might be quite boring for a general ...

Aleteia EN
Pope gives Rome homeless Christmas gift of new clinic in Vatican  ABS-CBN News

Pope Francis has given the homeless a Christmas gift of a new clinic in St. Peter's Square where they can get free medical help, the Vatican said on Saturday, ...

Vatican City launches international track and field team  Deutsche Welle

Vatican City may be the world's smallest state, but it has big athletic ambitions. The tiny state has launched its own international track and field team, complete ...

Deutsche Welle
Vatican City—astonishing facts about the world’s smallest country  Times of India

Vatican City is the world's smallest country, which spans over just 110 ac and has less than 1000 citizens. Read on to know some of the interesting facts of ...

Times of India
Vatican Orlandi mystery: 'Woman's bones' found in Rome search  BBC News

Initial examination of bones found at the Vatican's embassy in Rome suggest they belong to a woman, reports say, heightening speculation that the discovery ...

BBC News
10 Secrets of the Vatican: Did you know these facts about Vatican City?  mnnews.today

Vatican City is a city-state within the city of Rome, Italy. It is home to both Pope Francis and Pope Emeritus Benedict XVI and is a veritable monument to Catho…

Saifuddin: New ambassador to Vatican City nominated, awaiting approval from the Holy See - Nation  The Star Online

PUTRAJAYA: A new Malaysian ambassador to the Vatican City has been finalised by Wisma Putra.

The Star Online
Why the Vatican continues to struggle with sex abuse scandals  The Washington Post

VATICAN CITY — With revelation after revelation, a new wave of sexual abuse scandals is rocking the Roman Catholic Church and presenting Pope Francis ...

The Washington Post
Christmas tree set up in St. Peter's Square  Vatican News

The Vatican's Christmas tree arrives from Northern Italy and is put up in St. Peter's Square ahead of its inauguration on December 7th.

Vatican News
The Vatican knew of a cover-up involving abusive priests, Pennsylvania AG says  CNN

In the latest scathing allegation against the Catholic church, Pennsylvania's attorney general said the Vatican knew about a cover-up involving sex abuse ...

Vatican whistle-blower renews attacks on Pope Francis over disgraced cardinal as crisis in Catholic Church deepens  The Telegraph

A Vatican whistle-blower who has accused Pope Francis of having covered up sexually abusive behaviour by an American cardinal stepped up his attack on ...

The Telegraph
Vatican illuminates St Peter's Basilica with led lights  Wanted in Rome

The Vatican has installed a new led lighting system in the interior of St Peter's Basilica following a two-year project carried out by the German light company ...

Wanted in Rome
Vatican targets Olympics, launches track team of Swiss Guards and nuns  Global News

The Vatican's team of up to 60 athletes is comprised of nuns, priests, Swiss Guards, museum workers, carpenters and maintenance workers.

Global News
Vatican, China make breakthrough deal on bishop appointments  Salt Lake Tribune

Vatican City • The Vatican and China said Saturday they had signed a “provisional agreement” over the appointment of bishops, a breakthrough on an issue that ...

Salt Lake Tribune
Young Catholics urge Vatican to issue inclusive LGBTQ message  NBCNews.com

VATICAN CITY — Catholic bishops are entering their final week of debate over hot-button issues facing young Catholics, including how the church should ...

See inside the Vatican — home to the world's most powerful religious leader, where 9 miles of museums house some of the most stunning works of art  Business Insider

The world's smallest state is a fascinating and beautiful place.

Business Insider
Pope removes Bishop of Memphis from pastoral care of his diocese  Vatican News

Pope Francis has removed Bishop Martin D. Holley from the pastoral care of the Diocese of Memphis, United States.

Vatican News
Sultan of Johor invited by Pope for Vatican City state visit  Channel NewsAsia

JOHOR BAHRU: The Sultan of Johor has been invited by Pope Francis to make a state visit to Vatican City, according to the ruler's latest Facebook ...

Channel NewsAsia
Vatican 'suffragettes' want vote, change, in a man's Church  Reuters

Catholic women say there's a clerical stained glass ceiling in the Vatican, and they want to shatter it.

How the Vatican is supporting businesses which help refugees  The Economist

THE PAPAL encyclical on the environment, entitled “Laudato Si” and published in 2015, has been one of the most influential contributions to the debate about ...

The Economist
Italian police arrest Somali on suspicion of plotting to blow up St Peter's Basilica  The Telegraph

Italian police have arrested a 20-year-old Somali man suspected of having been a member of Islamic State and who had threatened to bomb churches in Italy, ...

The Telegraph
A Nuclear Bomb Inside the Vatican  The New York Times

I am not a Catholic, but the Holy City filled me with awe. I wonder what its leader thinks of me, though.

The New York Times
Vatican convicts former Holy See diplomat for child pornography  Vatican News

The Vatican court on Saturday convicted a former Holy See diplomat, sentencing him to five years in prison for the “possession and distribution of child ...

Vatican News
Trumbull County native meets Pope Francis in Vatican City  WKBN.com

(WKBN) - The honeymoon of a Trumbull County native, who now lives in Cleveland, will best be remembered by her meeting the pope and the words he said to ...

Top 5 financial transgressions committed by the Vatican  EuropeanCEO

The Vatican is exceptional in every sense of the word. The tiny city-state, surrounded by Rome, is the smallest state in the world by area and population, yet it ...

Vatican opens medical clinic for the homeless  National Catholic Reporter

Just before Christmas the Vatican announced it had opened a new medical clinic for the homeless and the poor, expanding services previously offered in a ...

National Catholic Reporter
Open letter by Card. Marc Ouellet on recent accusations against the Holy See  Vatican News

Cardinal Marc Ouellet writes to "his fellow brother", Archbishop Carlo Maria Viganò, responding to his accusations according to his own personal ...

Vatican News
Pope meets Israeli president at the Vatican  Catholic News Service

VATICAN CITY (CNS) -- Pope Francis welcomed Israeli President Reuven Rivlin to the Vatican Nov. 15 for a private discussion that included the importance of ...

Catholic News Service
Your Turn: The Real Housewives of Vatican City  Napa Valley Register

If you're a connoisseur of noisy, vicious, over-the-top melodrama, you no longer need to rely on the famous women of New Jersey or Atlanta or Beverly Hills for ...

Napa Valley Register
Vatican deal with Beijing leaves some key questions unresolved  Reuters

A landmark deal between China's leaders and the Vatican over the appointment of bishops has been struck without Beijing taking action on long-held Church ...

Battle of wills: A tiny order of French nuns takes on the Vatican  The Times of Israel

Little Sisters of Marie, Mother of the Redeemer, threaten to renounce vows if superior is removed by Rome, where officials say she is too authoritarian.

The Times of Israel
How to Get the Vatican Museums All to Yourself  Condé Nast Traveller India - The Last Word in Travel

New "Good Morning Vatican Museums" tours make the case for waking up early.

Condé Nast Traveller India - The Last Word in Travel
McCarrick scandal prompts Pope Francis to open Vatican archives to investigators  NBCNews.com

Pope Francis authorized a "thorough study" into Vatican archives to look into now ex-Cardinal Theodore McCarrick sexual misconduct allegations.


Vatican City Videos

Vatican City Explained
Vatican City Explained
Vatican City, the smallest country in the world
Vatican City, the smallest country in the world
Top 10 Things to See in Vatican City
Top 10 Things to See in Vatican City
वेटिकन सिटी दुनिया का सबसे छोटा देश // Vatican City smallest country in the world
वेटिकन सिटी दुनिया का सबसे छोटा देश // Vatican City smallest country in the world
Travel To Vatican City | History And Documentary Vatican City In Urdu & Hindi | ویٹیکن سٹی کی سیر
Travel To Vatican City | History And Documentary Vatican City In Urdu & Hindi | ویٹیکن سٹی کی سیر
The Vatican City | Documentary
The Vatican City | Documentary
Behind the closed doors of The Vatican
Behind the closed doors of The Vatican
Vatican City (Bengali) - ভ্যাটিকান সিটি
Vatican City (Bengali) - ভ্যাটিকান সিটি
Inside the Vatican Museums | EWTN Vaticano Special
Inside the Vatican Museums | EWTN Vaticano Special

Vatican City Images

The Vatican City Wall | The Vatican City, one of the ...
The Vatican City Wall | The Vatican City, one of the ...
Vatican Museum Entrance | Vatican City Rome | L. Allen ...
Vatican Museum Entrance | Vatican City Rome | L. Allen ...
Jews for Jesus Blast Vatican for Discouraging Attempts to ...
Jews for Jesus Blast Vatican for Discouraging Attempts to ...
"Pantheon" Of Statues | Photo
"Pantheon" Of Statues | Photo
From Vatican City to Castel Gandolfo, The Pope's Digs ...
From Vatican City to Castel Gandolfo, The Pope's Digs ...
Theocratic States of the Holy See | A fictional flag in ...
Theocratic States of the Holy See | A fictional flag in ...
Museo Chiaramonti. Vatican Museums pictures.Musei Vaticani ...
Museo Chiaramonti. Vatican Museums pictures.Musei Vaticani ...
File:Sommer, Giorgio (1834-1914) - n. 5112 - Demostene ...
File:Sommer, Giorgio (1834-1914) - n. 5112 - Demostene ...
File:China, dragon boat for racing, model in the Vatican ...
File:China, dragon boat for racing, model in the Vatican ...

Vatican City WebSites


Vatican City Wiki

Vatican City ( (listen)), officially Vatican City State (Italian: Stato della Città del Vaticano; Latin: Status Civitatis Vaticanae), is an independent city-state enclaved within Rome, Italy. Established with the Lateran Treaty (1929), it is distinct from yet under "full ownership, exclusive dominion, and sovereign authority and jurisdiction" of the Holy See (Latin: Sancta Sedes). With an area of 44 hectares (110 acres), and a population of about 1,000, it is the smallest state in the world by both area and population.The Vatican City is an ecclesiastical or sacerdotal-monarchical state (a type of theocracy) ruled by the pope who is, religiously speaking, the bishop of Rome and head of the Catholic Church. The highest state functionaries are all Catholic clergy of various national origins. Since the return of the popes from Avignon in 1377, they have generally resided at the Apostolic Palace within what is now Vatican City, although at times residing instead in the Quirinal Palace in Rome or elsewhere.The Holy See dates back to early Christianity, and is the primate episcopal see of the Catholic Church, with 1.3 billion Catholics around the world distributed in the Latin Church and 23 Eastern Catholic Churches. The independent Vatican City-state, on the other hand, came into existence in 11 February 1929 by the Lateran Treaty between the Holy See and Italy, which spoke of it as a new creation, not as a vestige of the much larger Papal States (756–1870), which had previously encompassed much of central Italy.Within the Vatican City are religious and cultural sites such as St. Peter's Basilica, the Sistine Chapel and the Vatican Museums. They feature some of the world's most famous paintings and sculptures. The unique economy of Vatican City is supported financially by the sale of postage stamps and souvenirs, fees for admission to museums, and sales of publications.