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NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Sun, 16 Dec 2018 15:42:42 GMTGoogle News
Premier Boxing Champions events to air on ITV in United Kingdom  ESPN

Premier Boxing Champions events are coming to the United Kingdom. PBC creator Al Haymon and ITV, a free-to-air British network once the home of many ...

ESPN
The Brexit crackup: The United Kingdom has a nervous breakdown - NY Daily News  New York Daily News

British Prime Minister Theresa May survived a leadership challenge, but the nation she kinda sorta leads remains in the grips of a nervous breakdown.

New York Daily News
Photos: Snow, freezing rain from Storm Deirdre caused disruptions across UK  AccuWeather.com

Storm Deirdre caused travel hazards, power outages and disruptions this weekend across the United Kingdom.

AccuWeather.com
Deal or No Deal? The Season Finale of the United Kingdom  The Nation.

No one knows for sure how the Brexit episode will end.

The Nation.
Toolz reportedly welcomes first child in the United Kingdom  Pulse Nigeria

Toolz has reportedly welcomes her first child with husband Captain Tunde Demuren.

Pulse Nigeria
Brexit Citizens Assembly: rising to the United Kingdom's crisis in democracy  Open Democracy

On Brexit, as with every other big issue, the future will be negotiated not imposed. lead Screenshot from Poltergeist, by Stephen Spielberg. Youtube.Brexit ...

Open Democracy
Storm Deirdre to blast UK with ice, blizzard, damaging winds into Sunday  AccuWeather.com

Storm Deirdre is taking aim at the United Kingdom, threatening to cause widespread travel hazards and disruptions this weekend.

AccuWeather.com
2019 Nigerian Presidential Election Forum at University of Cambridge Union, United Kingdom  Pulse Nigeria

This forum serves as significant opportunity for Nigerian leaders to engage with Nigerians in the diaspora.

Pulse Nigeria
Brexit mess could spell the end for a no longer 'United' Kingdom  ABC News

Behind the UK government's rhetoric of global Britain, there is no such thing as the British people in a political sense any more, writes Ben Welling.

ABC News
'MPs don't know what they want to do': Q&A on UK's Brexit crisis  Al Jazeera English

As a tumultuous week in British politics draws to a close, Brexit expert Anand Menon discusses what might happen next.

Al Jazeera English
Why the UN is investigating poverty in the United Kingdom  World Economic Forum

In the fifth largest economy on the planet, 14 million people are living in poverty. United Nations rapporteur Philip Alston has delivered his verdict on wealth ...

World Economic Forum
Could the United Kingdom really build its own global satnav system?  Nature.com

Britain plans to abandon the EU's Galileo network for defence and critical infrastructure — but the alternative faces major hurdles.

Nature.com
Theresa May's brinkmanship pushes the United Kingdom closer to no deal  New Statesman

My way or the cliff: that's the gambit that Theresa May is hoping will allow her to pass the withdrawal agreement into law. The Prime Minister has announced that ...

New Statesman
United Kingdom Waiting To See If Prime Minister May Will Keep Her Job  NPR

Britain is caught up in its worst political crisis since the 1950s over how the country will leave the European Union. Some members of the public say they are ...

NPR
EU court rules the United Kingdom can revoke Brexit  The National

An EU court has ruled that the United Kingdom can revoke its intention to withdraw from the EU, a day before a landmark vote on Theresa May's Brexit deal.

The National
Our CEO Clare Pelham has won a CEO Today United Kingdom Award 2018  Epilepsy Society

We are thrilled to announce that our Chief Executive Officer, Clare Pelham, has won a CEO Today United Kingdom Award 2018 for her work in the charity sector.

Epilepsy Society
Readout of the Vice President's Phone Call with United Kingdom Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt  Whitehouse.gov

Vice President Mike Pence spoke by phone today with Foreign Secretary Jeremy Hunt of the United Kingdom. The Foreign Secretary briefed the Vice President ...

Whitehouse.gov
UK Police Skripals Attack Interview Failed to Clarify Incident - Russian Embassy  Sputnik International

LONDON (Sputnik) - The recent interview of UK police officers about the attack on former Russian spy Sergei Skripal and his daughter Yulia in Salisbury has not ...

Sputnik International
UK to ban ads featuring traditional male and female roles  Lifesite

The British government just announced a broad crackdown on traditional gender roles and 'battle of the sexes' themes.

Lifesite
Grace Millane's body returned to family ahead of her return to the United Kingdom  Stuff.co.nz

Grace Millane's father is preparing to take her home, after her body was returned to the family.

Stuff.co.nz
Xiaomi Mi Mix 3 will slide into the United Kingdom  Android Authority

If you live in the United Kingdom, you'll soon be able to get your hands on the Xiaomi Mi Mix 3 and its sliding display.

Android Authority
UK court says beer baron Vijay Mallya should be extradited to India  CNN

London (CNN Business) Business tycoon Vijay Mallya should be extradited from the United Kingdom to India to face fraud charges, a London court ruled ...

CNN
Respiratory disease mortality in the United Kingdom compared with EU15+ countries in 1985-2015: observational study  The BMJ

BMJ 2018; 363 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k4680 (Published 28 November 2018) Cite this as: BMJ 2018;363:k4680 ...

The BMJ
Potatoes in Europe: New data from the United Kingdom, The Netherlands and Spain  PotatoPro

That the potato harvest this year in Europe was well below average due to extreme weather conditions is well known by now. I this article we present some ...

PotatoPro
Brexit deal: EU bids sad farewell to United Kingdom  DW (English)

German Chancellor Angela Merkel has called the EU-Brexit deal a "diplomatic work of art," while UK Prime Minister Theresa May is ready to fight for it back ...

DW (English)
Commentary: Brexit is bringing the UK back to Southeast Asia. Will Asian countries buy it?  Channel NewsAsia

The United Kingdom sees engagement in Southeast Asia as a key part of its 'Global Britain' stance but can it commit to having a sustained presence?

Channel NewsAsia
Increased push for free movement between Canada, U.K., Australia, New Zealand  CTV News

2019 is going to be a big year for advocates of an agreement calling for freer trade, movement, and co-operation between Canada, Australia, New Zealand, and ...

CTV News
Facing Defeat, Theresa May Delays Brexit Vote in Parliament  The New York Times

LONDON — Britain's embattled Prime Minister Theresa May on Monday postponed a critical parliamentary vote on her proposal for Britain's departure from the ...

The New York Times
Brexit: European Union leaders reject Theresa May’s bid to renegotiate deal  Scroll.in

European Commission President Jean-Claude Juncker said there could be clarifications but no changes to the agreement.

Scroll.in
The crazy tale of how the UK parliament ended up with secret Facebook documents  CNN

London (CNN Business) An American app developer who gave confidential documents about Facebook to UK lawmakers during a visit to London says he did ...

CNN
The U.K. Economy Is Growing — But Its Energy Use Is Shrinking  NPR

The United Kingdom's total energy use has dropped 10 percent since 2002, unlike other EU countries. It's a quiet victory in the fight against climate change.

NPR
Westminster's two Jeremies reveal where power really lies in the Brexit debate  New Statesman

Jeremy Hunt has claimed that the United Kingdom will “flourish and prosper” after a no deal Brexit in an interview with the Telegraph while Andrew Gwynne's ...

New Statesman
UK weather: Odds SLASHED on Brit White Christmas: Will YOU see snow this holiday season? | Daily Star  Daily Star

MANY Brits will be dreaming of a White Christmas, but now Daily Star Online can reveal the most likely places where snow will fall this festive season.

Daily Star
Rep. Stover admits he is in United Kingdom but denies living there  11Alive.com WXIA

Georgia Rep. David Stover is responding to allegations that he has moved out of Newnan and is living in the United Kingdom. Stover represents voters in District ...

11Alive.com WXIA
The industrial UK city where the suffragette movement was born  The Telegraph

Tomorrow, Manchester will mark the centenary of the first general election in which British women were permitted to vote with the unveiling of a statue of ...

The Telegraph
The little Welsh town that's home to Britain's best high street  The Telegraph

Last month, the Collins Dictionary named “single-use” its word of the year. Can it be coincidence that the immaculately preserved high street of Crickhowell ...

The Telegraph
Preliminary Opinion Of EU Court Of Justice Suggests That United Kingdom Could Still Avoid Brexit - Government, Public Sector - European Union  Mondaq News Alerts

On 4 December, EU Court of Justice Advocate General Campos Sánchez-Bordona concluded that the United Kingdom may unilaterally withdraw its intention to ...

Mondaq News Alerts
Why May winning a confidence vote doesn't mean the UK has avoided a no-deal exit  New Statesman

Theresa May's attempts to renegotiate the backstop have been met with a sharp rejection from European member states and the European Commission.

New Statesman
Game Workers Unite UK Is That Country’s First Games Industry Union  Variety

Some of its goals include ending the institutionalized practice of excessive/unpaid overtime and securing a livable wage for all.

Variety
Latest remarks from Labour MP about Brexit and the border are baffling  JOE.ie

On Friday evening, Labour MP Kate Hoey was a keynote speaker at a Leave Means Leave rally in London. Born in Antrim but serving as an MP in Britain since ...

JOE.ie
Theresa May rushes to Brussels but the EU does not want to reopen Brexit talks  CNBC

Britain crashing out of the European Union with no exit deal remains a possibility.

CNBC
Why Theresa May's Brexit Deal Is Terrible For The U.K.  Forbes

The U.K.'s Prime Minister, Theresa May, has succeeded in what she set out to do. She has brought the country together. Politicians of all colors, along with their ...

Forbes
Opening of business applications for the new UK Investment Support Directory  GOV.UK

A refresh of the former UK Advisory Network, the UK Investment Support Directory will provide investors with a list of British businesses with experience helping ...

GOV.UK
Eleven Sports may be facing closure in UK and Ireland  The Irish Times

Online sports streaming platform has struggled to attract enough subscribers.

The Irish Times
Tyson Fury to donate funds from Deontay Wilder fight to homeless in UK  BBC Sport

Briton Tyson Fury plans to help the homeless in the United Kingdom with some of his earnings from his fight against Deontay Wilder on Saturday. Fury will fight ...

BBC Sport
Free trade agreement between Maldives, EU, UK in the works  The Edition

President Ibrahim Mohamed Solih, on Thursday, announced that efforts to sign a free trade agreement with the European Union (EU) and the United Kingdom ...

The Edition
MA in history grad brings back memories from United Kingdom  Arizona State University

From Prescott, Arizona, to the United Kingdom, K'Tera Bartels has taken history with her everywhere. She has always been fascinated with the stories of people, ...

Arizona State University
Northern Ireland's history provides a Brexit lesson for us all  The Guardian

The region knows the damage division can do and the benefits when it is overcome. We must support Theresa May's deal.

The Guardian
The Gender Roles of Elizabeth Tudor and Mary Stuart  Psychology Today

The tragic rivalry between Elizabeth Tudor and Mary Stuart reflects the perilous psychological balance of feminine roles for women in power.

Psychology Today
UK watchdog bans gender-stereotyping advertisements  Onmanorama

London: The UK's advertising watchdog announced plans to ban sexist advertisements that have the potential of reinforcing harmful gender stereotypes.

Onmanorama
Heroin worth £2.5 million smuggled into UK sewn into women's clothing  The Independent

Two members of an organised Walsall crime group who smuggled £2.5million ($3.15m) worth of high purity heroin into the UK by sewing it into women's clothing ...

The Independent
'We are not robots': Thousands of Amazon workers across Europe are striking on Black Friday over warehouse working conditions  Business Insider

The GMB trade union and off-shift Amazon workers are demonstrating in the UK, while staff members in Italy, Spain, France, and Germany went on strike.

Business Insider
‘Have very large boots to fill’: India’s second woman high commissioner to UK  Hindustan Times

Ruchi Ghanshyam, who took over recently as India's high commissioner to the United Kingdom, said on Thursday that she has “very large boots to fill” given that ...

Hindustan Times
Conservatives' Brexit faultlines run deep in divided UK  Borneo Bulletin Online

HASTINGS, United Kingdom (AFP) -The conflict over Europe that has been tearing the Conservatives apart for three decades is as evident on the streets of ...

Borneo Bulletin Online
A European Stealth Fighter: Will Britain Join France and Germany (Despite Brexit)?  The National Interest Online

Will the U.K. Join France and Germany in Developing a European Stealth Fighter—Despite Brexit? On December 3, the Spanish Ministry of Defense announced ...

The National Interest Online
HBO’s Brexit trailer: why the Benedict Cumberbatch movie is controversial  Vox.com

On Friday, HBO revealed the trailer for its upcoming film Brexit, a Toby Haynes-directed drama about the 2016 Vote Leave campaign that “goes behind the ...

Vox.com
Liverpool vs Manchester United: TV channel, live stream, squad news & preview  Goal.com

Jurgen Klopp's side can reclaim their spot at the top of the table should they manage to beat the Red Devils at Anfield in Sunday's massive showdown.

Goal.com
Judgment: UK free to revoke article 50 notification  Scoop.co.nz

The United Kingdom is free to revoke unilaterally the notification of its intention to withdraw from the EU.

Scoop.co.nz
UK Weather Forecast: WARNING- Freezing rain and snow to hit the Border region this weekend  ITV News

Heavy freezing rain is expected to develop during Saturday. This will result in the rapid formation of widespread ice on roads, pavements, trees and other ...

ITV News
iShares MSCI United Kingdom ETF (EWU) Shares Sold by Twin Tree Management LP  Fairfield Current

Twin Tree Management LP trimmed its holdings in iShares MSCI United Kingdom ETF (NYSEARCA:EWU) by 80.0% during the third quarter, according to the ...

Fairfield Current
Internal documents Facebook has fought to keep private obtained by UK Parliament  CNN

The British Parliament has obtained a set of internal Facebook documents the company has fought for months to stop from being made public, according to ...

CNN
'Can't get more HOSTILE than that!' Brexiteer compares UNRECOGNISABLE draft to final text  Express

BREXITEER Iain Dale compared paragraph five of the draft copy against its “unrecognisable” equivalent in the final publicised copy, commenting that the ...

Express
UK and Romanian nationals head the list of foreign nationals allocated PPS numbers in 2017  Irish Examiner

UK nationals made up the largest number of PPSN allocations last year, according to new figures from the Central Statistics Office. A total of 102,850 foreign ...

Irish Examiner
A crunch Brexit vote is coming that could plunge the UK into fresh political chaos  CNBC

Theresa May needs 320 lawmakers to agree with her plan to leave the European Union.

CNBC
Royal PINCH: How Charles vowed 'I won't be undermined by ILL-JUDGED choice of bride'  Express

PRINCE Charles reveals what he really thought of The Spice Girls breaking royal protocol in an explosive letter.

Express
"Now is the Time to Buy Bargain UK Stocks"  Morningstar

Expert investors share their reactions to Prime Minister Theresa May surviving the vote of confidence - and what it means for equities and bonds.

Morningstar
Brexit Britain: Small, boring and stupid  POLITICO.eu

BRUSSELS — So here we are at the supposed Brexit cliff — a political crisis and diplomatic crisis rolled into one — and I have a confession. I'm thoroughly ...

POLITICO.eu
Negotiations on the future relationship: territorial scope  GOV.UK

Letter from the UK's Permanent Representative to the EU to the Secretary-General of the Council of the European Union on the territorial scope of the UK's future ...

GOV.UK
Introducing Scotland's 'Secret Coast' that you've probably never heard of  The Telegraph

It lies only a couple of hours from Glasgow, but it is a land apart. A land of haunting beauty that canny Scots have kept pretty much to themselves as an ...

The Telegraph
Google top search trends 2018: From Black Panther to bitcoin to Stormy Daniels  The Independent

Google has revealed what people in the UK have been searching for in 2018, with the publication of its annual 'Year in Search' results. Meghan Markle, who ...

The Independent
Nigel Farage condemns EU Brexit ‘ARROGANCE’ - and predicts IMMINENT second referendum  Express

NIGEL Farage condemned European leaders for their “thuggish” treatment of Theresa May as he warned of an imminent “Brexit betrayal” in the form of a second ...

Express
UK Cannabis Patient #1: Accessing the Most Expensive Medical Marijuana in the World  Leafly

Carly Barton, 32, is officially the United Kingdom's first medical marijuana patient. But access comes at a steep cost—and remains entirely theoretical.

Leafly
British travellers will need to pay €7 to visit Europe post-Brexit, EU reveals  The Independent

British travellers will have to pay €7 to visit the EU after Brexit, the European Commission has confirmed. From 2021, UK citizens will have to pay the fee every ...

The Independent
FATF: UK Crypto Exchanges Pose ‘Low’ Money Laundering, Terrorist Financing Risk  CCN

The Financial Action Task Force (FATF) revealed that crypto exchanges operating in the United Kingdom pose low money laundering (ML) and terrorist ...

CCN
May back to Brussels for Brexit talks  BBC News

The PM pushed for assurances on her withdrawal deal, after winning a no-confidence vote last night.

BBC News
UK LEGENDS THINK BIG FOR WARRIORS  The Herald

PLANS are underway for Zimbabwe to play a high-profile international friendly match against either Ghana or Nigeria here if they qualify for the 2019 African ...

The Herald
Ronnie O’Sullivan makes history with record seventh UK Championship title after beating Mark Allen  The Independent

Ronnie O'Sullivan claimed a record-breaking seventh UK Championship title with a 10-6 victory over Mark Allen at the York Barbican on Sunday. His triumph ...

The Independent
Joe Hildebrand: Trump, Paris riots, Brexit, politics | The West is falling  NEWS.com.au

The United Kingdom, a nation that once ruled over a quarter of the world's population in an empire so vast the sun never set upon it, is now so utterly impotent it ...

NEWS.com.au
Bishops pray for politicians' integrity amid Brexit turmoil  The Guardian

CofE leaders also call for national unity as Jo Johnson urges May to hold vote on deal.

The Guardian
Knives and gangs: What's driving Britain's broken boys to crime?  CNN

London (CNN) After a long day at work, Tilisha Goupall returned to her London home, made dinner and switched on the TV, just like any other night. It was after ...

CNN
Malspam Campaign Impersonates UK Businesses to Target Victims With Banking Trojan  Security Intelligence

Security researchers discovered a malspam campaign targeting British computer users with the Ursnif/Gozi/ISFB Trojan. According to My Online Security, the ...

Security Intelligence
Matthew Hedges: Academic jailed in UAE for spying 'failed' by UK government  BBC News

The wife of a British academic jailed for spying in the United Arab Emirates says the British government put UK interests above his right to freedom. Daniela ...

BBC News
Reality Check: Brexit withdrawal agreement - what it all means  BBC News

Chris Morris analyses the key points from the 585-page draft agreement between the UK and the EU.

BBC News
Soaking rainstorm, interior ice and snow to impede weekend activities in northeastern US  AccuWeather.com

A storm will continue to bring rain, fog, ice and a wintry mix to parts of the northeastern United States this weekend.

AccuWeather.com
Snow showers, squalls to accompany fresh wave of cold air in northeastern US Monday  AccuWeather.com

Cold air diving into the northeastern United States to start the new week will be accompanied by gusty winds, snow and the threat for slippery travel.

AccuWeather.com
How Brexit will remake the United Kingdom  Brookings Institution

Robert Bosch Senior Fellow Amanda Sloat explains how Brexit will alter two unions – the European Union and the United Kingdom – and the issues at play in ...

Brookings Institution
Does it matter that Trump didn’t distinguish between England, the U.K. and Great Britain?  The Washington Post

President Trump over the weekend again appeared to demonstrate a lack of understanding about foundational geopolitics, an issue of note to those eyeing ...

The Washington Post
Things To Do in the United Kingdom | 31 Must-See Attractions  Time Out

Here's our guide to the very best things to do in the United Kingdom, including England, Scotland, Wales and North Ireland.

Time Out
On the brink: The United Kingdom and Ireland prepare for Brexit  Brookings Institution

On October 23, Brookings's Center on the United States and Europe (CUSE) hosted a panel discussion on Brexit and its implications for the U.K., Ireland, and ...

Brookings Institution
On the brink of Brexit: The United Kingdom, Ireland, and Europe  Brookings Institution

The United Kingdom will leave the EU on March 29, 2019. But as the date approaches, important aspects of the withdrawal agreement as well as the future ...

Brookings Institution
What's the Difference Between England, the U.K. and Great Britain?  HowStuffWorks

HowStuffWorks explains the difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain, England and the British Isles.

HowStuffWorks
Ending Child Marriage in the United Kingdom  Human Rights Watch

This week Pauline Latham, a Conservative member of the UK parliament, introduced a bill to ban marriage before the age of 18 in England and Wales.

Human Rights Watch
The UK is staring down the barrel of a recession if Brexit is botched  CNN

The falling pound and bank stocks send a clear message: a chaotic Brexit will plunge the UK economy into recession.

CNN
Researchers launch plan to sequence 66000 species in the United Kingdom. But that's just a start  Science Magazine

LONDON—In the first attempt of its kind, researchers plan to sequence all known species of eukaryotic life—66,000 species of animals, plants, fungi, and ...

Science Magazine
Summary: Big Brother Watch and Others v. the United Kingdom  Lawfare

On Sept. 13, the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR) ruled that the United Kingdom's bulk data-collection programs violate human-rights law by failing to ...

Lawfare
United Kingdom unveils ambitious air pollution plan  Science Magazine

The United Kingdom wants to become a global leader in cleaning up polluted air—but the island nation may not be able to meet some of its ambitious new goals ...

Science Magazine
United Kingdom - Poland Quadriga 2018: joint communiqué  GOV.UK

The UK and Polish foreign and defence ministers issued a joint communiqué on strengthening our foreign, defence and security partnership.

GOV.UK
UK: Dry weather returns to much of the United Kingdom for the bank holiday  AccuWeather.com

Dry weather will return for the bank holiday for much of the United Kingdom.

AccuWeather.com
Agreement on recognition of university degrees between Argentina and the United Kingdom  GOV.UK

Will allow individuals who hold a Master´s degree from a university in Argentina to directly access a Doctoral (PhD) degree programme in the UK, and vice ...

GOV.UK
United Kingdom Affirmed by S&P, Outlook Remains Negative  Bloomberg

United Kingdom's long-term foreign currency debt rating was affirmed at AA by S&P. The negative outlook reflects reflects the risk of sustained economic ...

Bloomberg
 

United Kingdom Videos

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The Difference between the United Kingdom, Great Britain and England Explained
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12 Critical Facts About The United Kingdom
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12 Critical Facts About The United Kingdom
Top 10 Best Cities to Visit in UK
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Top 10 Best Cities to Visit in UK
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Manny Montes The United Kingdom El Concierto [01 de 06]
United Kingdom/United Kingdom Geography/United Kingdom Compilation
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United Kingdom/United Kingdom Geography/United Kingdom Compilation
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UK Geography/ UK Country
 

United Kingdom Images

File:United Kingdom on the globe (United Kingdom centered ...
File:United Kingdom on the globe (United Kingdom centered ...
File:Winchester - city mill.JPG - Wikimedia Commons
File:Winchester - city mill.JPG - Wikimedia Commons
A weekend in Morocco during my semester abroad
A weekend in Morocco during my semester abroad
Street Art – Game | Tate Kids
Street Art – Game | Tate Kids
The Top 10 Things To Do And See In Clifton, Bristol
The Top 10 Things To Do And See In Clifton, Bristol
Matt Jones – MTB Freestyle – Official Athlete Page
Matt Jones – MTB Freestyle – Official Athlete Page
NIO (car company) - Wikipedia
NIO (car company) - Wikipedia
Anorexia Nervosa - Signs, Symptoms and Risks
Anorexia Nervosa - Signs, Symptoms and Risks
Home - Holiday on Ice
Home - Holiday on Ice
OPITEC
OPITEC
 

United Kingdom WebSites

 

United Kingdom Wiki

The United Kingdom, officially the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland but more commonly known as the UK or Britain, is a sovereign country lying off the north-western coast of the European mainland. The United Kingdom includes the island of Great Britain, the north-eastern part of the island of Ireland and many smaller islands. Northern Ireland is the only part of the United Kingdom that shares a land border with another sovereign state‍—‌the Republic of Ireland. Apart from this land border, the United Kingdom is surrounded by the Atlantic Ocean, with the North Sea to the east, the English Channel to the south and the Celtic Sea to the south-west, giving it the 12th-longest coastline in the world. The Irish Sea lies between Great Britain and Ireland. With an area of 242,500 square kilometres (93,600 sq mi), the United Kingdom is the 78th-largest sovereign state in the world. It is also the 22nd-most populous country, with an estimated 66.0 million inhabitants in 2017.The UK is a unitary parliamentary democracy and constitutional monarchy. The current monarch is Queen Elizabeth II, who has reigned since 1952, making her the longest-serving current head of state. The United Kingdom's capital and largest city is London, a global city and financial centre with an urban area population of 10.3 million. Other major urban areas in the UK include Manchester, Birmingham, Leeds, Glasgow and Liverpool.The United Kingdom consists of four constituent countries: England, Scotland, Wales, and Northern Ireland. Their capitals are London, Edinburgh, Cardiff, and Belfast respectively. Apart from England, the countries have their own devolved governments, each with varying powers. The nearby Isle of Man, Bailiwick of Guernsey and Bailiwick of Jersey are not part of the UK, being Crown dependencies with the British Government responsible for defence and international representation. The medieval conquest and subsequent annexation of Wales by the Kingdom of England, followed by the union between England and Scotland in 1707 to form the Kingdom of Great Britain, and the union in 1801 of Great Britain with the Kingdom of Ireland created the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. Five-sixths of Ireland seceded from the UK in 1922, leaving the present formulation of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Northern Ireland. There are fourteen British Overseas Territories, the remnants of the British Empire which, at its height in the 1920s, encompassed almost a quarter of the world's land mass and was the largest empire in history. British influence can be observed in the language, culture and political systems of many of its former colonies.The United Kingdom is a developed country and has the world's fifth-largest economy by nominal GDP and ninth-largest economy by purchasing power parity. It has a high-income economy and has a very high Human Development Index rating, ranking 14th in the world. It was the world's first industrialised country and the world's foremost power during the 19th and early 20th centuries. The UK remains a great power, with considerable economic, cultural, military, scientific and political influence internationally. It is a recognised nuclear weapons state and is sixth in military expenditure in the world. It has been a permanent member of the United Nations Security Council since its first session in 1946. It has been a leading member state of the European Union (EU) and its predecessor, the European Economic Community (EEC), since 1973; however, a referendum in 2016 resulted in 51.9% of UK voters favouring leaving the European Union, and the country's exit is being negotiated. The United Kingdom is also a member of the Commonwealth of Nations, the Council of Europe, the G7, the G20, NATO, the Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), Interpol and the World Trade Organization (WTO).