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Sudan NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 09:49:53 GMTGoogle News
Desert Locust situation update 15 February 2019 - Sudan  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Sudan and 4 other countries about Agriculture and Insect Infestation; published on 15 Feb 2019 by FAO.

Sudan, Ethiopia to discuss implementation of border agreements  Sudan Tribune

February 15, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - A joint meeting between Sudanese and Ethiopian officials would be held on 23 February to discuss ways to combat ...

Sudan Tribune
Washington, Khartoum to form joint group for banking reform in Sudan  Sudan Tribune

February 15, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - Head of the economic section at the U.S. embassy in Sudan, Leah Severino, has revealed that talks are underway between ...

Sudan Tribune
Sudan's December Revolution is not an Arab Spring  Sudan Tribune

By Mubarak Ardol Why the Sudanese have decided to put an end to the regime which has ruled them for three decades. Why is this happing now? It (...)

Sudan Tribune
Sudan policeman dies after protester 'ambush': authorities  FRANCE 24

Khartoum (AFP). A Sudanese policeman died of wounds after protesters pelted rocks at a vehicle he was travelling in during anti-government demonstrations in ...

Sudan's opposition unites to call on dictator Bashir to resign  CBC.ca

Sudan's main opposition groups on Wednesday issued their first joint call for President Omar al-Bashir to step down, appearing at a news conference together ...

Lord Alton calls on British govt to reconsider dialogue with Sudan  Sudan Tribune

February 14, 2019 (LONDON) - British Lord Alton Thursday has called on the Theresa May's Government to review its policy towards Sudan and to stop the ...

Sudan Tribune
Activists: Sudan police arrest 14 academics in protests  Fox News

Activists say Sudan's security forces have arrested more than a dozen academics who joined a protest outside Khartoum University in the Sudanese capital.

Fox News
119 child soldiers released to families in South Sudan  News24

Nearly 120 children have been released from an armed group in South Sudan, bringing to total number of children released to 3 100.

The Historical Precedents of the Current Uprising in Sudan  The New Yorker

Anakwa Dwamena writes about the lessons that the opposition in Sudan can draw from the peaceful civil-disobedience campaigns that toppled military regimes ...

The New Yorker
Hunted Professionals Plan Sudan's Protests From the Shadows  Bloomberg

By day, they could be examining patients, calculating tax returns or teaching Khartoum's schoolchildren. In their free time, they're part of a clandestine group ...

South Sudan clashes, local aid partners, and a €500 million grant: The Cheat Sheet  IRINnews.org

A weekly read to keep you in the loop on humanitarian issues.

What happens inside Sudan's secret detention centres?  BBC News

Dramatic footage filmed by protesters in Sudan shows masked security agents chasing down protesters, beating them, and dragging them away to secret ...

BBC News
South Sudan to cut one-day's pay for peace implementation - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

February 13, 2019 (JUBA) — South Sudan government will deduct one-day pay from the salaries of the civil servants to fund the implementation of the ...

Amid upheaval in South Sudan, the country's teak forests fall  Reuters

KATIRE, South Sudan (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Sprawling teak forests, planted nearly a century ago to supply lumber and government income, are fast ...

Sudan cinema: Reviving a forgotten art  Aljazeera.com

Two documentaries at the Berlin Film Festival shine a light on Khartoum behind the headlines.

Omar al-Bashir exploited Sudan’s ethnic division for decades. Now Sudan is united against him.  The Washington Post

The ongoing protests against President Bashir are stronger than ever because of a new sense of national solidarity.

The Washington Post
EZIAKONWA & OKAI: Pact game changer in South Sudan crisis  Daily Nation

There have been several attempts since 2013 to resolve South Sudan's political crisis. The latest is the Revitalised Agreement on the Resolution of Conflict in ...

Daily Nation
Doctor, teenager killed in Sudan anti-government protests  CNN

A doctor, a teenager and another man were killed on Thursday in ongoing anti-government protests in Sudan, according to the Sudan Doctors' Union and ...

South Sudan refugees fleeing to DR Congo  Daily Nation

Chiefs says 5000 refugees have crossed to border villages near town of Ingbokolo, Ituri province,

Daily Nation
The Strong and Beautiful Message of Sudan’s Young Protesters  The New York Times

Despite at least 45 people being killed by security forces, tens of thousands of people across Sudan have been peacefully protesting against the oppressive rule ...

The New York Times
RPT-South Sudan to return to pre-war oil production levels by mid-2020: minister  CNBC

GREATER NOIDA, India, Feb 10- South Sudan will return to producing more than 350000 barrels of crude per day by the middle of 2020, up from current levels ...

South Sudan peace deal funds spent on renovating politicians' homes  The Guardian

Guardian investigation reveals government allocated money for home improvements while appealing for support from international community.

The Guardian
Thousands of Displaced South Sudanese 'Suffering' Without Food, Water  VOA News

Officials in South Sudan's Yei River State say thousands of people who fled their homes during fighting over the past two weeks are without food or clean water.

VOA News
Sudan sees first admission of fatal torture of protester  Aljazeera.com

The victim schoolteacher was detained during demonstrations against the government and his death has caused widespread anger and condemnation.

Group urges UN to probe Sudan’s use of force in protests  Washington Post

Human Rights Watch urges UN to investigate use of force by Sudan's security forces against anti-government protesters.

Washington Post
How the AU failed Africans, from Sudan to DRC and Zimbabwe  Al Jazeera English

It's time the African Union made radical changes to how it responds to gross human rights violations.

Al Jazeera English
Omar al-Bashir launches media crackdown as Sudan protests continue  The Guardian

Five journalists held at undisclosed locations and dozens more arrested and released, with media blackout expected to worsen.

The Guardian
Sudan wages a vicious campaign to silence journalists  Financial Times

I grew up watching censors rip apart my father's newspaper, now they have forced me out of Khartoum.

Financial Times
New Violence in South Sudan Sends Thousands Fleeing to DR Congo  VOA News

UN refugee agency says a surge of violence in South Sudan's Equatoria State has displaced some 8000 civilians and sent an estimated 5000 people fleeing to ...

VOA News
Sudanese teacher was 'raped and killed by special torture unit'  Middle East Eye

A protester detained alongside Ahmed al-Kheir tells MEE that the teacher's death followed hours of abuse.

Middle East Eye
Sudan: Signatories for Change in Sudan Hold Historic Meeting  AllAfrica.com

In the first meeting of its kind since the signing of the Declaration of Freedom and Change in early 2019, the signatory forces highlighted that the declaration ...

Dexter Story – “Gold” (Feat. Sudan Archives)  Stereogum

Dexter Story is a Los Angeles-based producer, multi-instrumentalist, and bandleader who's worked with Madlib, Kamasi Washington, Carlos Niño, Sa-Ra ...

Thousands fleeing new violence in South Sudan's Central Equatoria State  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, is seeing a surge in refugee arrivals from South Sudan in the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC). Over the past few ...

Sudan, Ethiopia leaders discuss joint border control  Sudan Tribune

February 11, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - The Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir and Ethiopia's premier Abiy Ahmed Monday have discussed the formation of a joint ...

Sudan Tribune
Sudan's Omar al-Bashir mocks 'Facebook protesters'  BBC News

Sudan's President Omar al-Bashir has ridiculed his opponents' use of social media to organise recent protests against his rule. "Changing the government or ...

BBC News
Sudan gags two foreign journalists  BBC News

Two foreign reporters have had their right to report in the protest-hit country revoked.

BBC News
Sudan's university professors leave country to flee poverty  Aljazeera.com

Fed up with neglect and oppression, over 50 percent of Sudan's professors go abroad in search of better opportunities.

How did Mossad manage to act within Sudan to bring Ethiopian Jews 'home'?  The Jerusalem Post

Former Israeli Mossad agent reveals how they reused an abandoned Italian diving resort in Sudan to smuggle Ethiopian Jews to Israel.

The Jerusalem Post
Italy asks alleged Sudan secret police to testify in mistaken identity case  The Guardian

Italian prosecutors have controversially invited two high-ranking Sudanese officials to Sicily to testify in the case against a suspected human trafficker who ...

The Guardian
Sudan's Third Uprising: Is It a Revolution?  The Nation

The protests are spreading, and the Bashir dictatorship is being challenged as never before.

The Nation
South Sudan to return to pre-war oil production levels by mid-2020: minister  Reuters

South Sudan will return to producing more than 350000 barrels of crude per day by the middle of 2020, up from current levels of just over 140000 barrels per day ...

Sudan's protests: The revolt of the periphery  Al Jazeera English

Sudan has had two successful revolutions so far. In 1964 and 1985, mass protests overthrew military dictatorships and installed civilian governments. Both times ...

Al Jazeera English
Deadline looms for South Sudan's peace deal terms  africanews

The United Nations Mission in South Sudan said 190000 internally displaced persons are still living in its offices throughout the country.

Sudan protesters rally against death of teacher in custody  The Punch

Sudanese protesters rallied after Friday prayers in an eastern town against the death in custody of a teacher arrested in connection with anti-gove...

The Punch
13 civilians, 7 soldiers killed during fresh clashes in South Sudan's Equatoria: NAS  Sudan Tribune

February 12, 2019 (JUBA) - Clashes between South Sudanese army and National Salvation Front (NAS) fighters resulted in the death of 13 civilians and 7 ...

Sudan Tribune
Bashir Heads to Qatar as Protests Rock Sudan  ວີໂອເອ-ລາວ (VOA)

Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir is set to arrive in Qatar, his first overseas trip since widespread anti-government protests rocked the nation. Bashir is to meet ...

ວີໂອເອ-ລາວ (VOA)
How bread has emerged as the main symbol of Sudan unrest  Aljazeera.com

More protests are planned against President Omar al-Bashir's 30-year rule after many killed in brutal crackdown.

UN helicopter crash kills three in South Sudan  africanews

The MI-8 helicopter was on routine operation carrying Ethiopian troops on rotation from Kadugli to Abyei when it crashed.

South Sudan in Focus  Voice of America

A new report exposes the level of corruption in South Sudan; foreigners in Juba say they've been fined for allegedly carrying expired documents; and NGOs call ...

Voice of America
No serious side effects from South Sudan Ebola vaccine: WHO - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

JUBA, Feb. 15 (Xinhua) -- The World Health Organization (WHO) has denied reports that some South Sudanese health workers vaccinated against the Ebola ...

Kenya, South Sudan: Investigate Critics' Disappearance  Human Rights Watch

The Kenyan police and the South Sudanese authorities should ensure effective, transparent and impartial investigations into the enforced disappearance of two ...

Human Rights Watch
Sudanese refugee wins major human rights award  The Hindu

Recognized as a true leader, human rights and humanitarian advocate, Muhamat has tirelessly cared for fellow refugees, and eloquently drawn the world's ...

The Hindu
Sudan minister appeals to young as protests near seventh week  EWN

Students, activists and other protesters frustrated with economic hardships have held almost daily demonstrations across Sudan since 19 December.

State Center-based clean water team building wells in South Sudan  Marshalltown Times Republican

Editor's note: Reporter Mike Donahey is a former WellSpringMission board member. “A pessimist sees the difficulty in every opportunity; and optimi.

Marshalltown Times Republican
US envoy meets opposition leader after attack on mosque by Sudan security  Sudan Tribune

February 11, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - U.S. Chargé d'Affaire Steven Koutsis discussed with the leader of the opposition National Umma Party (NUP) the attack by ...

Sudan Tribune
Holdout opposition accuses South Sudan army of preparing new attacks  Sudan Tribune

February 8, 2019 (JUBA) — South Sudan's opposition alliance said concerned by the repeated violations of the cessation of hostilities by the government forces ...

Sudan Tribune
The revolution in Sudan: let it fall  Open Democracy

The will of the Sudanese youth is unmasking the dogma of a violent regime. Demonstration in Omdurman on Jan 20, 2019. Screenshot from a video by ...

Open Democracy
The importance of the sanctions regime in Sudan  GOV.UK

Statement by Ambassador Jonathan Allen, UK Deputy Permanent Representative to the UN at the Security Council briefing on the 1591 Committee.

Ethiopia: Aila - Relation Between Sudan and Ethiopia Is Successful Model  AllAfrica.com

The Wali(governor) of Gezira State, Dr Mohamed Tahir Aila, has described as successful model the relations between Sudan and Ethiopia.

Sudan uprising: Anything can happen  Middle East Eye

Protests are still raging on, and it is difficult to speculate on scenarios. Both the protest movement and government have some miles left to run.

Middle East Eye
Sudanese-American Politician Who Organized Protests Goes Missing  VOA News

A Sudanese-American politician who organized recent anti-government protests in Sudan remained missing Friday, two days after disappearing on the streets of ...

VOA News
South Sudan: Does Juba Even Care About Protecting Girls From Sexual Violence?  Human Rights Watch

In December after reports of the mass rape of women in and around Bentiu town surfaced, South Sudan's response was a denial, followed by a rushed ...

Human Rights Watch
Peter Martell’s moving evocation of South Sudan’s slide into civil war  New Statesman

As British ambassador to South Sudan from 2015 to 2017, I was there for the second disastrous collapse of the government. I hope the fragile new peace can ...

New Statesman
South Sudan's first Episcopal radio station named in honour of Mothers' Union President  Anglicannews

A radio station operated by the Episcopal Church of South Sudan, has been named after the Province's first Mothers' Union President.

Sudan's al-Bashir to participate in African Union summit in Addis Ababa  Sudan Tribune

February 8, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - Sudanese President Omer al-Bashir will travel on Saturday to Addis Ababa to take part in the 32nd Ordinary Session of the ...

Sudan Tribune
First woman peacekeeper recalls a year in South Sudan  Viet Nam News

by Hiền Hạnh. HÀ NỘI — Returning home from South Sudan after a year-long UN peacekeeping mission, Major Đỗ Thị Hằng Nga brought back a wealth of ...

Viet Nam News
South Sudan army, NAS rebels clash near RDC border  Sudan Tribune

February 7, 2019 (JUBA) - South Sudan's rebel group National Salvation Front (NAS) led by Thomas Cirilo Thursday said they repelled *fresh* attacks by the ...

Sudan Tribune
S. Sudan's Kiir Blames Outsiders for Peace Deal Inaction  VOA News

South Sudan President Salva Kiir said Thursday that implementation of the revitalized peace agreement still faced many challenges, largely because of the ...

VOA News
South Sudan's Nilepet needs for better corporate governance  Sudan Tribune

By Chol Deng Anyieth. Nile Petroleum Corporation (Nilepet) is supposed to be one of the strongest and most profitable companies in the country. However, the ...

Sudan Tribune
Sudan inflation plunges, prices fall: Official stats  Times Now

Khartoum: Sudan's inflation rate, a key factor behind anti-government protests, fell sharply to 43 percent in January from almost 73 percent the previous month, ...

Times Now
Ethiopia denies reports about severing ties with Sudan  Sudan Tribune

February 6, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - The Ethiopian government on Wednesday denied media reports that Foreign Minister, Workneh Gebeyehu, has warned that ...

Sudan Tribune
Sudan's Game of Catch and Release  Human Rights Watch

Salah Abdalla “Gosh,” director of Sudan's National Intelligence and Security *Service* (NISS), announced the release this week of 186 so-called “protest” ...

Human Rights Watch
Sudan's inflation rise to 72,94% in December  Sudan Tribune

January 18, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - Sudan's inflation rate has risen to 72,94% in December 2017 compared to 68,93 in November, reported the Central Bureau of ...

Sudan Tribune
South Sudan to host 2019 international fixtures in Uganda  BBC Sport

South Sudan's Football Association (SSFA) has announced that the country's national teams will host all their 2019 international matches in Kampala, Uganda.

BBC Sport
South Sudanese Woman in Hiding to Avoid Forced Marriage  Voice of America

Each year, tens of thousands of young South Sudanese women — many of them younger than 18 — are forced into marriages by their families.

Voice of America
Eight remanded over murder of South Sudan businessmen  Daily Monitor

Buganda Road Chief Magistrate's Court has remanded eight men to Luzira prison over murder of two South Sudanese businessmen in a hotel at Arua Park in ...

Daily Monitor
South Sudan: “The whole country is traumatised”  IRINnews.org

It has been more than a year since government soldiers attacked Mary Poni's house in the South Sudanese town of Yei. They raped her elder sister and ...

Villagers Describe Horror in South Sudan's Yei River State  VOA News

An unknown number of villagers were killed and hundreds of others displaced during fighting in South Sudan's Yei River State this week. In this latest round of ...

VOA News
Nine killed in South Sudan’s renewed fighting  Daily Nation

JUBA,. At least nine people were killed in *fresh* clashes in Amadi State in South Sudan's Western Equatoria, officials said. The weekend clashes pitted the ...

Daily Nation
In South Sudan, stigma and underfunding plague mental health care  Al Jazeera English

Only three psychiatrists practice in war-torn South Sudan, where many people believe in supernatural possession.

Al Jazeera English
Three Sudanese die in security custody amid continued protests  Sudan Tribune

February 2, 2019 (KHARTOUM) - A Sudanese school teacher on Saturday was pronounced dead in custody, two days after being arrested in connection with ...

Sudan Tribune
Dramatic drop in South Sudan political violence since peace agreement signing  UN News

Since the signing of a September 2018 deal between the South Sudanese President Salva Kiir and his political rival and former deputy Riek Machar to end ...

UN News
Sudan’s embattled ruler wins support from rivalling autocrats as anti-government protests rage  The Independent

Autocrats, even those at odds with each other, have come to the aid of the Republic of the Sudan's embattled ruler, Omar al-Bashir, after a month and a half of ...

The Independent
UNHCR says thousands fleeing new violence in South Sudan  InfoMigrants

The UN Refugee Agency says there has been an increase in the number of people fleeing South Sudan to the Democratic Republic of Congo in recent days, ...

Sudan arrests six critical journalists as protests continue  CPJ Press Freedom Online

Washington, D.C., January 28, 2019--The Committee to Protect Journalists today called on Sudanese authorities to release at least six journalists who have ...

CPJ Press Freedom Online
IAEA reports on Sudan's nuclear power infrastructure  World Nuclear News

29 January 2019. Share. There is strong commitment from the government of Sudan to developing the infrastructure needed for a nuclear power programme, ...

World Nuclear News
NAS rebels accuse Juba of new attacks, say South Sudan's ceasefire is dead  Sudan Tribune

January 31, 2019 (JUBA) - The National Salvation Front led by Thomas Cirilo (NAS-TC) Thursday said its fighters have repulsed attacks on its positions in Yei ...

Sudan Tribune
Cambridge University student faces death penalty after criticising South Sudan government  iNews

A Cambridge University student faces the death penalty in South Sudan after criticising the country's regime. PhD student Peter Biar Ajak, 35, is being “arbitrarily ...

Alarm over troops build-up in South Sudan  The East African

The South Sudan peace monitoring agency has expressed concern over the military build-up in Yei River State in Central Equatoria. The Reconstituted Joint ...

The East African
Sudanese refugee detained on Manus island wins prestigious human rights prize  Reuters

NAIROBI (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - A Sudanese refugee stuck in an Australian detention center on Manus Island in Papua New Guinea for five years has ...

Headcounts show reduction in number of people sheltering in two of South Sudan's largest displacement sites - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

Juba – Reports released by the International Organization for Migration (IOM) in South Sudan show a decline in the number of people in two of the country's ...

South Sudan: Physical Access Constraints Map as of 15 February 2019 - South Sudan  ReliefWeb

A *service* provided by. ReliefWeb has been the leading online source for reliable and timely humanitarian information on global crises and disasters since 1996.

Fire guts Uganda-South Sudan border market  Daily Monitor

More than 60 traders lost valuables worth millions of shillings and are currently stranded.

Daily Monitor
South Sudan Leader Narrates His Experience in Kenyan Prison  Kenyans

South Sudanese opposition leader Riek Machar's Spokesperson narrated how he was kidnapped and arrested in Kenya...

Sudanese Protests, After Days of Violence, Turn Anger Over Bread Toward Bashir  The New York Times

This was meant to be a new era for Sudan. Last year the United States ended two decades of sanctions that President Omar Hassan al-Bashir had long blamed ...

The New York Times
‘Bashir will not budge:’ Nationwide protests in Sudan take aim at the president  The Washington Post

KHARTOUM, Sudan — Tens of thousands of people took to the streets in Sudan on Sunday to demand the resignation of President Omar Hassan al-Bashir, ...

The Washington Post
Protesters Across Sudan Continue To Call For President's Ouster  NPR

At least 19 people have died in protests against the long-time Sudanese president, sparked by the government's decision to end bread subsidies last month.

Sudan: 19 dead as violent protests continue for 10th day  CNN

Khartoum, Sudan (CNN) Sudan's security forces fired shots into the air to disperse anti-government protesters in the capital of Khartoum as the northern African ...


Sudan Videos

Sudan - Daily life in Port Sudan
Sudan - Daily life in Port Sudan
Amazing Facts About Sudan In Hindi सूडान सबसे अजीब कमजोर देश के रोचक तथ्य
Amazing Facts About Sudan In Hindi सूडान सबसे अजीब कमजोर देश के रोचक तथ्य
Travel To Sudan | Full History And Documentary About Sudan In Urdu & Hindi | سوڈان کی سیر
Travel To Sudan | Full History And Documentary About Sudan In Urdu & Hindi | سوڈان کی سیر
Sudan's forgotten pyramids - BBC News
Sudan's forgotten pyramids - BBC News
\"Sudan president visit to Syria shows Assad survived crisis\"
Sudan's Bashir visits Damascus
Sudan's Bashir visits Damascus
Saving South Sudan - Full Length
Saving South Sudan - Full Length
Salimmik - A Love Letter to Sudan | Creators for Change
Salimmik - A Love Letter to Sudan | Creators for Change
Sudan Archives - Nont for Sale
Sudan Archives - Nont for Sale
The Faces Of Sudan l Sudanses/Thoub Lookbook
The Faces Of Sudan l Sudanses/Thoub Lookbook

Sudan Images

Mabel Esplin - Wikipedia
Mabel Esplin - Wikipedia
Miss Earth 2009 Candidates' Mini-Parade At Robinson's Nova ...
Miss Earth 2009 Candidates' Mini-Parade At Robinson's Nova ...
Cockpit of Antonov An-26-100, registration number ST-ARL ...
Cockpit of Antonov An-26-100, registration number ST-ARL ...
Place Silhouettes | Page 12
Place Silhouettes | Page 12
Little greenbul - Wikipedia
Little greenbul - Wikipedia
File:Djibouti in Africa (special marker) (-mini map ...
File:Djibouti in Africa (special marker) (-mini map ...
Peru Flowers
Peru Flowers
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Greenland
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Greenland
Klima in El Fasher
Klima in El Fasher

Sudan WebSites

Sudan or the Sudan (US: / s u ˈ d æ n / (), UK: / s u ˈ d ɑː n, -ˈ d æ n /; Arabic: السودان ‎ as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان ‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa.
Sudan, country located in northeastern Africa.The name Sudan derives from the Arabic expression bilād al-sūdān (“land of the blacks”), by which medieval Arab geographers referred to the settled African countries that began at the southern edge of the Sahara.
Explore Sudan holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | Wake at the break of day under the golden pyramids of godlike kings of old, traverse a searing desert to the place where two Niles become one, and watch a million blood-red fish swarm through gardens of coral.
Sudan, once the largest and one of the most geographically diverse states in Africa, split into two countries in July 2011 after the people of the south voted for independence. The government of ...
At the top left, the capital city of Sudan, Khartoum, is located at the convergence of the Blue Nile and the White Nile. Although the Blue Nile is much shorter than the White Nile, it contributes about 80% of the flow of the river.
There are no pins in your viewport. Try moving the map or changing your filters.
The Strong and Beautiful Message of Sudan’s Young Protesters . Protests set off by economic crisis and misrule have forged a tenuous unity among various ethnic and regional groups.
Since mid-December protesters have taken to the streets in towns and cities across Sudan to protest price increases and to call on President Omar al-Bashir, in power for 29 years, to step down.
Geography . Sudan, in northeast Africa, measures about one-fourth the size of the United States. Its neighbors are Chad and the Central African Republic on the west, Egypt and Libya on the north, Ethiopia and Eritrea on the east, and South Sudan, Kenya, Uganda, and Democratic Republic of the Congo on the south.
Sudan (1973 – 19 March 2018) was a captive northern white rhinoceros (Ceratotherium simum cottoni) who lived at the Dvůr Králové Zoo in the Czech Republic from 1975 to 2009, and the rest of his life at the Ol Pejeta Conservancy in Laikipia, Kenya.

Sudan Wiki

Sudan or the Sudan (US: (listen), UK: ; Arabic: السودان‎ as-Sūdān), officially the Republic of the Sudan (Arabic: جمهورية السودان‎ Jumhūriyyat as-Sūdān), is a country in Northeast Africa. It is bordered by Egypt to the north, the Red Sea to the northeast, Eritrea to the east, Ethiopia to the southeast, South Sudan to the south, the Central African Republic to the southwest, Chad to the west, and Libya to the northwest. It houses 37 million people (2017) and occupies a total area of 1,861,484 square kilometres (718,722 square miles), making it the third-largest country in Africa. Sudan's predominant religion is Islam, and its official languages are Arabic and English. The capital is Khartoum, located at the confluence of the Blue and White Nile. Sudan's history goes back to the Pharaonic period, witnessing the kingdom of Kerma (c. 2500 BC–1500 BC), the subsequent rule of the Egyptian New Kingdom (c. 1500 BC–1070 BC) and the rise of the kingdom of Kush (c. 785 BC–350 AD), which would in turn control Egypt itself for nearly a century. After the fall of Kush the Nubians formed the three Christian kingdoms of Nobatia, Makuria and Alodia, with the latter two lasting until around 1500. Between the 14th and 15th centuries much of Sudan was settled by Muslim Arabs. From the 16th–19th centuries, central and eastern Sudan were dominated by the Funj sultanate, while Darfur ruled the west and the Ottomans the far north. This period saw extensive Islamization and Arabization.From 1820 to 1874 the entirety of Sudan was conquered by the Muhammad Ali dynasty. Between 1881 and 1885 the harsh Egyptian reign was eventually met with a successful revolt led by the self-proclaimed Mahdi Muhammad Ahmad, resulting in the establishment of the Caliphate of Omdurman. This state was eventually destroyed in 1898 by the British, who would then govern Sudan together with Egypt.The 20th century saw the growth of Sudanese nationalism and in 1953 Britain granted Sudan self-government. Independence was proclaimed on January 1, 1956. Since independence, Sudan has been ruled by a series of unstable parliamentary governments and military regimes. Under Gaafar Nimeiry, Sudan instituted Islamic law in 1983. This exacerbated the rift between the Arab north, the seat of the government and the black African animists and Christians in the south. Differences in language, religion, ethnicity and political power erupted in a civil war between government forces, strongly influenced by the National Islamic Front (NIF) and the southern rebels, whose most influential faction was the Sudan People's Liberation Army (SPLA), eventually concluding in the independence of South Sudan in 2011. Since 2011, Sudan's government has been engaged in a war with the Sudan Revolutionary Front. Human rights violations, religious persecution and allegations that Sudan had been a safe haven for terrorists isolated the country from most of the international community. In 1995, the United Nations (UN) imposed sanctions against Sudan.