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Sri Lanka NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 05:02:27 GMTGoogle News
Embuldeniya triggers South Africa collapse as Sri Lanka fight back  TimesLIVE

Debutant spinner Lasith Embuldeniya took five wickets as Sri Lanka produced a strong fightback with the ball to set up a victory chase on day three of the first ...

TimesLIVE
Sri Lanka gets its first data-based elephant distribution map  Mongabay.com

For a large, charismatic and endangered species such as the Asian elephant, you might think scientists would have figured out where they hang out and when.

Mongabay.com
National Security Think Tank of Sri Lanka ranked in the Global Think Tank Index  ft.lk

The Think Tanks and Civil Societies Program (TTCSP) of the Lauder Institute at the University of Pennsylvania ranked world's leading think tanks in a variety of ...

ft.lk
Sri Lanka rupee ends weaker on importer dollar demand; stocks at near 4-mth low  Reuters

Sri Lanka's rupee ended weaker on Friday, as dollar demand from importers weighed on the currency, market sources said. ** The stock market also closed ...

Reuters
Sri Lankas famed Ministry of Crab will appeal to fans of the crustacean  Business Standard

Time should be on your side if you decide to visit the newest luxury dining space in Mumbai: Ministry of Crab, the first India outing of the famous Sri Lankan ...

Business Standard
Special advisor to Japan PM in Sri Lanka  News 1st

Colombo (News 1st): Special advisor to the Prime Minister of Japan, Kentaro Sonoura, is on a two-day visit to the island. He will hold meetings with - Get the ...

News 1st
“Sri Lanka’s growth rate should be around 6%” – World Bank  News 1st

Colombo (News 1st): According to World Bank Vice President South Asia Region Dr Hartwig Schafer Sri Lanka has great potential to grow and become one of ...

News 1st
How Much Do You Know About Sri Lanka?  New York Times

Visit our Country of the Week collection to find more geography and culture quizzes based on New York Times reporting. Click or tap on Sri Lanka. A. B. C. D ...

New York Times
Pentagon seeks sustained engagement with Sri Lanka  Economic Times

WASHINGTON: Amid the increasing Chinese influence over the strategically important Indo-Pacific region, a top Pentagon commander has advocated sustained ...

Economic Times
Watch: Mahinda Rajapaksha on India-Sri Lanka relations, political scenario in Sri Lanka and more  The Hindu

Sri Lanka's Leader of the Opposition and former President Mahinda Rajapaksa made an impassioned plea for Colombo and Delhi to ensure that their relations ...

The Hindu
Asanga Abeyagoonasekera on Sri Lanka's Foreign Policy Challenges  The Diplomat

The Diplomat talks with Asanga Abeyagoonasekera about the future trajectory of Sri Lanka's foreign policy challenges.

The Diplomat
Cricket: South Africa on course for test win against Sri Lanka  The Star Online

DURBAN (Reuters) - Debutant spinner Lasith Embuldeniya took five wickets as Sri Lanka produced a strong fightback with the ball on day three of the first test, ...

The Star Online
Nadeemal and Amal Perera to apply for bail  News 1st

Colombo (News 1st): Attorney-at-Law Shabdika Wellappili appearing for singer Amal Perera and his son Nadeemal Perera, currently in remand custody in - Get ...

News 1st
PM launches Citra, Sri Lanka's first Social Innovation Lab  ft.lk

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe reads Citra's first annual report at the launch of Citra, Sri Lanka's first Social Innovation Lab, co-developed by the Ministry ...

ft.lk
Lack of Zing in Pace Attack Hurting Sri Lanka  News18

It isn't often that you have to change your entire fast bowling line-up after the first Test of a tour. Yet, that is exactly what Sri Lanka had to do in Australia.

News18
Hotal Colombo in SoHo – best bone marrow dish we’ve ever had  South China Morning Post

Affordable prices, friendly staff and perfect food that included chicken kothu, which was a delicious mess, and the best bone marrow dish ever A different beer ...

South China Morning Post
Better public asset management with Sri Lanka govt move to accrual accounting  EconomyNext

ECONOMYNEXT – Public assets will be managed better with the Sri Lankan government's planned shift to accrual accounting, from cash-based accounting ...

EconomyNext
Sri Lanka included in EU money laundering and terrorist financing list  News 1st

COLOMBO (News 1st) - The European Union Commission has included Sri Lanka in a new list of 23 countries with strategic deficiencies in their anti-money ...

News 1st
Sri Lanka and India are two sides of the same coin: Ranil  ft.lk

By Nisthar Cassim Reinforcing the importance of stronger ties, especially economic Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe on Sunday described Sri Lanka and ...

ft.lk
DRS 15-second rule in spotlight as Sri Lanka miss out on a wicket | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNCricinfo

An apparent DRS timing error may have cost Sri Lanka a wicket on the first morning at Kingsmead. Two balls after he had Dean Elgar caught behind in his first ...

ESPNCricinfo
Durban offers faint hope for beleaguered Sri Lanka  Sport24

Durban - The odds appear to be stacked against Sri Lanka in a two-Test series against South Africa, which starts at Kingsmead on Wednesday, but the tourists ...

Sport24
Sri Lanka Pledges to Execute Drug Traffickers  TIME

Sri Lanka's president pledged to end the country's 43-year moratorium on capital punishment and execute condemned drug traffickers.

TIME
Can Dubai teach Sri Lanka lessons on drugs? - EDITORIAL  Daily Mirror

he drug issue in Sri Lanka made everybody look beyond drug lord Makandure Madush because a leading musician and his son were also among those ...

Daily Mirror
South Africa ahead against Sri Lanka after burst of wickets in first Test  The New Indian Express

Thirimanne fell for 21 to a sharp catch at second slip by South African captain Faf du Plessis when he edged an extravagant drive against Kagiso Rabada.

The New Indian Express
Proteas focused on Sri Lanka  IOL

Kingsmead hasn't been a happy hunting ground for SA, but they aim to change that when they take on Sri Lanka in the first Test.

IOL
Bigger lenders also behaving like 'loan sharks' in Sri Lanka: Finance Minister  EconomyNext

ECONOMYNEXT - Sri Lanka is bringing laws to regulate micro-finance which are behaving like loan sharks giving loans to people who cannot afford them, but ...

EconomyNext
Amal Perera remanded till 28th  News 1st

COLOMBO (News 1st) -Attorney-at-Law Shabdika Wellappili, appearing on behalf of Amal Perera and Nadimal Perara who are in remand custody in Dubai, ...

News 1st
Sri Lanka to resume executions within two months: president  ABS-CBN News

Sri Lanka's president said Wednesday that a 42-year moratorium on capital punishment will end within two months with the hanging of drug convicts.

ABS-CBN News
Sri Lanka, an Island Nation That Is Best Savored Slowly  The New York Times

A train trip is one way to experience the natural beauty of the country, even if you have only a few days. But advance planning is essential.

The New York Times
Sri Lanka should re-look at its divisional structure: Ranil  Daily Mirror

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe who stressed Sri Lanka should re-look at its divisional structure said the government is looking at changing the structure ...

Daily Mirror
‘Example to the world': Sri Lanka president plans to copy Duterte's war on drugs  The Guardian

President Maithripala Sirisena praises Philippines over policy that has led to thousands of extrajudicial killings.

The Guardian
Sri Lanka sports minister wants to change SLC Constitution for good governance  The Indian Express

Sri Lanka Sports Minister Harin Fernando on Friday said he would soon present before the Parliament a plan to change the Constitution of the nation's cricket ...

The Indian Express
Sri Lanka ask South Africa to bat in Kingsmead  SuperSport

Sri Lanka won the toss and elected to field in the first of two tests against South Africa in Durban on Wednesday.

SuperSport
Australian quicks tear through Sri Lanka as hosts take control of first Test  The Guardian

Australia are already halfway to eclipsing Sri Lanka's first-innings score after the hosts' bowlers produced their best start to a Test in almost two years at the ...

The Guardian
South Africa vs Sri Lanka cricket: SuperSport TV captures team plans  NEWS.com.au

South Africa's cameramen are fast becoming the most prominent broadcasters since the 12th man turned Joe the cameraman into a cult hero.

NEWS.com.au
There was major breakdown in India-Sri Lanka relationship after change of govt in 2014: Rajapaksa  India Today

Sri Lanka's opposition leader Mahinda Rajapaksa on Saturday (February 9) said there was a "major breakdown" in bilateral relationship between India and his ...

India Today
Wanted Sri Lankan drug kingpin, aides held in Dubai raid  Khaleej Times

Madush, who is among Sri Lanka's most wanted criminals, had been evading arrest for the past couple of years.

Khaleej Times
Floats our boat: sailing Sri Lanka’s south coast  The Guardian

Not many people think of Sri Lanka as a sailing destination but that is now changing thanks to an initiative set up after the 2004 tsunami.

The Guardian
Tallest building outside Sri Lanka's capital planned  EconomyNext

ECONOMYNEXT - A 35-story residential and shopping tower complex in Ja-Ela north of Sri Lanka's capital Colombo has been given the go head by the state ...

EconomyNext
Kanjipani Imran’s mistress “Kudu Chooti” in ICU  News 1st

COLOMBO (News 1st) - Police state that investigations have been launched to identify the persons who shot a woman at Malwatte, Grandpass around 9 p.m. ...

News 1st
Taming the sputtering tuk tuk: Sri Lankan innovator develops affordable electric conversion kit  UN Environment

For Sasiranga De Silva, the battle to save the planet must begin at home. Dismayed by traffic pollution in his native city of Colombo in Sri Lanka, the 33-year-old ...

UN Environment
Protea Women claim a scrappy victory over Sri Lanka  IOL

Neither South Africa nor Sri Lanka will have walked away from the match pleased at the way they fielded.

IOL
Proteas stick with big guns for Sri Lanka Tests, but Hamza, Mulder in the mix  IOL

Sri Lanka have even stolen a win in Durban, but their personnel nowadays will do well to take both Tests to four days.

IOL
Sri Lanka a 'laughing stock': Captain's wife in spat with player  The Sydney Morning Herald

Sri Lankan cricket has lurched further into crisis after a social media spat involving the wife of one-day captain Lasith Malinga led to a player labelling the team ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Superb all-round van Niekerk display helps South Africa pip Sri Lanka in tight contest  International Cricket Council

South Africa captain Dane van Niekerk put in an outstanding all-round performance to help her side secure a narrow seven run win over Sri Lanka in the ICC ...

International Cricket Council
UK arrest warrant for Sri Lanka attache over throat-cut gestures revoked  The Guardian

Priyanka Fernando conviction appeared to trigger stream of diplomatic exchanges.

The Guardian
An ode to Sri Lanka: India's very own Ministry of Crab will offer simple food, cooked well  YourStory.com

Ministry of Crab, the world-famous seafood restaurant in Colombo specialising in succulent crabs, is in India now. The first-ever outlet brought by Gourmet ...

YourStory.com
Sri Lankan Entrepreneur of the Year 2018 | FT Online  ft.lk

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe presents the National Platinum Award (Extra Large Category) to Sakya Higher Education Group Chairman Bandara ...

ft.lk
Sri Lanka struggles with pink ball, Patterson shines for CA XI in Hobart draw  ABC News

Sri Lanka and the CA XI call it a draw in Hobart — the tourists struggle against the pink ball, while the best batsman of the match, Kurtis Patterson, will not be ...

ABC News
Sri Lanka tour of South Africa: Durban offers faint hope for beleaguered visitors  Times Now

Sri Lanka have lost 11 of 13 Test matches in South Africa. The exceptions occurred at Kingsmead in the only two Tests Sri Lanka have played at the ground.

Times Now
Sri Lanka suffer major injury scare  cricket.com.au

The tourists were in the firing line fielding close to the wicket in Hobart.

cricket.com.au
Red Pepper Diner owners added a taste of Sri Lanka to traditional American diner menu  Poughkeepsie Journal

Owners of a Wappingers Falls diner served typical diner fare but slowly added food from their native Sri Lanka and fans can't get enough.

Poughkeepsie Journal
SA skipper Du Plessis seeks Sri Lankan 'breaking point'  Khaleej Times

South African captain Faf du Plessis will be seeking to find Sri Lanka's breaking point as early as possible when the first of two Tests s...

Khaleej Times
Sri Lanka's political problems imperil a fragile economy  East Asia Forum

Author: Dushni Weerakoon, Institute of Policy Studies of Sri Lanka Sri Lanka plunged into a political crisis in October 2018 when President Maithripala.

East Asia Forum
Sri Lanka's quest for a rules-based Indian Ocean  East Asia Forum

Authors: Ganeshan Wignaraja and Dinusha Panditaratne, LKI The evolution of Sri Lanka's foreign policy since the election of a unity government on 8 January.

East Asia Forum
The Sri Lankan guns out to ruin Australia  Fox Sports

It's a Test series many expect Australia to win and just the tonic needed for a lift ahead of the World Cup and Ashes.

Fox Sports
Joe Burns and Matthew Renshaw out cheaply again for Cricket Australia XI against Sri Lanka in Hobart  ABC News

Would-be Test openers Joe Burns and Matthew Renshaw again fail to make an impression against Sri Lanka for the Cricket Australia XI as they seek a call-up ...

ABC News
Sri Lanka seeks $1 billion loan from China amid debt woes  KXNet.com

COLOMBO, Sri Lanka (AP) - Sri Lanka is negotiating a $1 billion loan from China to construct a highway linking the capital Colombo to the hilly resort city of ...

KXNet.com
MR slams Constitutional Council  Daily Mirror

MR slams Constitutional Council, The entire state sector has been collapsed today due to arbitrary actions taken by the Constitutional Council, Opposition ...

Daily Mirror
Sri Lanka supplies logistics to US aircraft carrier in Indian Ocean Region; balances ties with China  Economic Times

NEW DELHI: Sri Lanka, notwithstanding its ties with China, in a major step emerged as logistics supply hub for a US warship in the Indian Ocean Region ...

Economic Times
Kurtis Patterson makes 157 against Sri Lanka, as Will Pucovski, Matt Renshaw and others struggle for CA XI  ABC News

It was supposed to be a game for the likes of Joe Burns, Marnus Labuschagne and Matt Renshaw to shine ahead of the first Test against Sri Lanka, but it was ...

ABC News
"Worst even Terror attack since 1989", says Sri Lankan PM Ranil Wickremesinghe expressing solidarity to PM Modi and families of martyrs over attack in Pulwama  Republic World

Sri Lanka's Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe gave a statement condemning the terror attack on the CRPF in Pulwama in Jammu and Kashmir. "I strongly ...

Republic World
Sri Lanka warned against putting too may eggs in Chinese basket  EconomyNext

ECONOMYNEXT - Sri Lanka should diversify its financial and economic strategy to include more foreign partners to reduce geopolitical risks, the Ambassador of ...

EconomyNext
Sri Lanka: Movement to grow awareness on basic income is starting to get momentum | BIEN  Basic Income News

Talal Rafi (on Twitter). Sri Lanka, one of India's closest neighbours, is starting to be the stage for a wide campaign to grow awareness about basic income.

Basic Income News
62nd anniversary of China-Sri Lanka diplomatic relations  News 1st

Written by: Chinese Ambassador to Sri Lanka, Cheng Xueyuan As the tide of history surges with vigor, our world today is experiencing profound changes - Get ...

News 1st
Burns and Head's huge centuries help Australia pummel Sri Lanka in Canberra  ABC News

Big tons to Joe Burns and Travis Head end Australia's long wait for Test centuries as the hosts grind Sri Lanka into the dust on day one of the second Test on a ...

ABC News
Australia v Sri Lanka: All you need to know  cricket.com.au

Your one-stop shop for Australia's Men's Cricket Team's upcoming Test series against Sri Lanka.

cricket.com.au
Bishop laments “the long accumulation of misdeeds” on Sri Lanka's Independence Day  Anglicannews

Bishop Dhiloraj Canagasabey of the Church of Ceylon has said that a gap has opened between the nation's rulers and those who are ruled.

Anglicannews
Inside a Sri Lankan eco resort set on a private island  Vogue Australia

Before arriving at Kaju Green Eco Lodges just outside of Galle on Sri Lanka's south coast, I wasn't sure what to expect. The tuk tuk ride getting there was ...

Vogue Australia
South Africa Women vs Sri Lanka Women, 2nd ODI (ICC Championship match), Sri Lanka Women tour of South Africa, 2019  Cricbuzz

Follow South Africa Women vs Sri Lanka Women, 2nd ODI (ICC Championship match), Feb 14, Sri Lanka Women tour of South Africa, 2019 with live Cricket ...

Cricbuzz
Crisis of cricket and democracy in Sri Lanka  The Australian

In Shehan Karunatilakas kaleidoscopic novel of Sri Lanka and cricket, Chinaman, the narrator stops to consider whether the game is so nationally useful at all.

The Australian
Australia v Sri Lanka cricket: Second Test live scores, updates, video, day 4  NEWS.com.au

Mitchell Starc bagged a 10-for as Australia cruised to victory in Canberra. expand for key updates. 12 days agoAnything Cummins can't do? 12 days ...

NEWS.com.au
Australia beats Sri Lanka by 366 runs for 2-0 series win  Wichita Eagle

Mitchell Starc bowled with recharged confidence to take innings figures of 5-46 and match figures of 10-100 as Australia trounced Sri Lanka by 366 runs in the ...

Wichita Eagle
Sri Lanka watchdog rejects Sirisena's fake claims  EconomyNext

ECONOMYNEXT – Sri Lanka's independent Human Rights Commission (HRC) Friday expressed its “deep concern” over President Maithripala Sirisena's ...

EconomyNext
Cabinet Minister is a Cocaine Addict : Dullas  News 1st

COLOMBO (News 1st) – An event to distribute dry rations to pregnant mothers was held at Devinuwara, Matara yesterday(February 14). Parliamentarians ...

News 1st
Hazlewood ruled out of Sri Lanka Tests  cricket.com.au

Australia have suffered a major blow ahead of their Domain Test series against Sri Lanka, with key fast bowler and vice-captain Josh Hazlewood ruled out with a ...

cricket.com.au
Sri Lanka, Russia Discussing Mi-17 Helicopters Deal for UN Missions – Amb.  Sputnik International

MOSCOW (Sputnik) - Sri Lanka is negotiating with Russia the purchase of a new batch of Russian Mi-17 helicopters, which the country will use in UN ...

Sputnik International
Sri Lanka's coach Chandika Hathurusingha dumped as tour selector  Stuff.co.nz

Sri Lanka's troubled tour of Australia has taken another hit with coach Chandika Hathurusingha removed from the team's selection panel. Still reeling from a ...

Stuff.co.nz
Australia vs Sri Lanka cricket: Second Test live scores, updates, Joe Burns, day 2  NEWS.com.au

Follow our live coverage of day two of the Second Test as Australia looks to continue its domination of Sri Lanka. expand for key updates. 14 days agoPatterson ...

NEWS.com.au
Kanjipani Imran’s mistress Kudu Chooti injured in shooting  Daily Mirror

A 39-year-old woman known as 'Kudu Chooti', who is also the mistress of underworld figure Kanjipani Imran, was injured when two unidentified gunmen ...

Daily Mirror
Australia vs Sri Lanka Test cricket Day 2 live updates, scores, video |  NEWS.com.au

Follow our live coverage of day two of the first Test as Australia's inexperienced batsmen backed up a strong bowling performance against Sri Lanka. expand for ...

NEWS.com.au
UNP MP Chaminda Wijesiri at Bandarawela Magistrate’s Court  News 1st

COLOMBO (News 1st) - UNP MP Chaminda Wijesiri who was accused of assaulting a police constable arrived at the Bandarawela Magistrates Court a while ...

News 1st
Australia vs Sri Lanka Test: Live scores, updates, news, video  NEWS.com.au

Follow our live coverage of day one of the first Test between Australia and Sri Lanka at the Gabba. expand for key updates. 18 days agoTeammates expose ...

NEWS.com.au
BBC Radio 5 live sports extra - Cricket, Australia v Sri Lanka - 2nd Test, Day Four  BBC News

Live cricket commentary of Australia v Sri Lanka on day four of their second Test.

BBC News
Foundation stone laid for housing scheme  Daily Mirror

Prime Minister Ranil Wickremesinghe laid the foundation stone for a new housing scheme to be constructed for IDPs in Myladi in Kankesanturai yesterday.

Daily Mirror
 

Sri Lanka Videos

Ranil Wickremesinghe meets with foreign diplomats in Sri Lanka
15:06:34
Ranil Wickremesinghe meets with foreign diplomats in Sri Lanka
Sri Lanka President sacks Prime Minister, appoints Rajapaksa
03:59:40
Sri Lanka President sacks Prime Minister, appoints Rajapaksa
එඡාපය ගහලා පන්නා අරලිය මැදුර විනාඩි 15න් ගන්න කථාව - Sri lanka Temple tree story
06:51:51
එඡාපය ගහලා පන්නා අරලිය මැදුර විනාඩි 15න් ගන්න කථාව - Sri lanka Temple tree story
இலங்கை ஆட்சி மாற்றம் அதிர்ச்சி மாற்றமாக இருக்கிறது - இல.கணேசன் | Srilanka
19:59:43
இலங்கை ஆட்சி மாற்றம் அதிர்ச்சி மாற்றமாக இருக்கிறது - இல.கணேசன் | Srilanka
The result could have changed if Sri Lanka had taken their catches – Only T20I: Cricketry
20:26:05
The result could have changed if Sri Lanka had taken their catches – Only T20I: Cricketry
Mahinda sworn in as PM: Supporters celebrate across Sri Lanka
15:39:09
Mahinda sworn in as PM: Supporters celebrate across Sri Lanka
T20I: Post Match Media Conference - England tour of Sri Lanka 2018
19:08:40
T20I: Post Match Media Conference - England tour of Sri Lanka 2018
Me Tika Baluwe Nathnam Wadak Na.. | Tik Tok Sri Lanka
10:52:52
Me Tika Baluwe Nathnam Wadak Na.. | Tik Tok Sri Lanka
Srilanka sinhala news මහින්ද අගමැති කිරීම නීතියට පටහැනියි.. මෙන්න මංගලගේ කතාව
04:24:17
Srilanka sinhala news මහින්ද අගමැති කිරීම නීතියට පටහැනියි.. මෙන්න මංගලගේ කතාව
Sri Lanka beat England by 219 runs - 5th ODI Highlights
04:47:29
Sri Lanka beat England by 219 runs - 5th ODI Highlights
 

Sri Lanka Images

Sunrise at Millabedda, Sri Lanka | this place is 10 min ...
Sunrise at Millabedda, Sri Lanka | this place is 10 min ...
Tuskers of Sri Lanka | Young Wild Tusker The Sri Lankan ...
Tuskers of Sri Lanka | Young Wild Tusker The Sri Lankan ...
King Coconut | King coconut tree in my home. Mathugama ...
King Coconut | King coconut tree in my home. Mathugama ...
Sleeping Buddha | Polunawara, Sri Lanka | travel1604 | Flickr
Sleeping Buddha | Polunawara, Sri Lanka | travel1604 | Flickr
Sri Lanka 100 Rupees 2001 - Sri Lankan Currency Bank Notes ...
Sri Lanka 100 Rupees 2001 - Sri Lankan Currency Bank Notes ...
Betel | A traditional tray (Bulath Heppuwa) what holds ...
Betel | A traditional tray (Bulath Heppuwa) what holds ...
Sri Lanka police Flag | lahiru_346 | Flickr
Sri Lanka police Flag | lahiru_346 | Flickr
Sri Lanka Railways M6 - Wikipedia
Sri Lanka Railways M6 - Wikipedia
Ahaetulla nasuta Sri Lanka.JPG :: Reis Ecology ...
Ahaetulla nasuta Sri Lanka.JPG :: Reis Ecology ...
Budu Sadu Budu Sadu - Nanda Malani | Sinhala Song Lyrics ...
Budu Sadu Budu Sadu - Nanda Malani | Sinhala Song Lyrics ...
 

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Sri Lanka Wiki

Sri Lanka (UK: , US: (listen); Sinhalese: ශ්‍රී ලංකා Śrī Laṃkā; Tamil: இலங்கை Ilaṅkai), officially the Democratic Socialist Republic of Sri Lanka, is an island country in South Asia, located in the Indian Ocean to the southwest of the Bay of Bengal and to the southeast of the Arabian Sea. The island is historically and culturally intertwined with the Indian subcontinent, but is geographically separated from the Indian subcontinent by the Gulf of Mannar and the Palk Strait. The legislative capital, Sri Jayawardenepura Kotte, is a suburb of the commercial capital and largest city, Colombo.Sri Lanka's documented history spans 3,000 years, with evidence of pre-historic human settlements dating back to at least 125,000 years. It has a rich cultural heritage and the first known Buddhist writings of Sri Lanka, the Pāli Canon, date back to the Fourth Buddhist council in 29 BC. Its geographic location and deep harbours made it of great strategic importance from the time of the ancient Silk Road through to the modern Maritime Silk Road.Sri Lanka was known from the beginning of British colonial rule as Ceylon (, US also ). A nationalist political movement arose in the country in the early 20th century to obtain political independence, which was granted in 1948; the country became a republic and adopted its current name in 1972. Sri Lanka's recent history has been marred by a 30-year civil war, which decisively ended when the Sri Lanka Armed Forces defeated the Liberation Tigers of Tamil Eelam (LTTE) in 2009.The current constitution stipulates the political system as a republic and a unitary state governed by a semi-presidential system. It has had a long history of international engagement, as a founding member of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), and a member of the United Nations, the Commonwealth of Nations, the G77, and the Non-Aligned Movement. Along with the Maldives, Sri Lanka is one of only two South Asian countries rated "high" on the Human Development Index (HDI), with its HDI rating and per capita income the highest among South Asian nations. The Sri Lankan constitution accords Buddhism the "foremost place", although it does not identify it as a state religion. Buddhism is given special privileges in the Sri Lankan constitution.The island is home to many cultures, languages and ethnicities. The majority of the population is from the Sinhalese ethnicity, while a large minority of Tamils have also played an influential role in the island's history. Moors, Burghers, Malays, Chinese, and the indigenous Vedda are also established groups on the island.