HOME | COUNTRIES | CITIES | COMPANIES | SPORTS | CARS
news videos images websites wiki
 

Rwanda NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Sun, 16 Dec 2018 15:03:35 GMTGoogle News
Kagame warns Rwanda's enemies they will 'be dealt with'  IOL

President Paul Kagame has warned "enemies of Rwanda' that they will be dealt with decisively.

IOL
Exclusive Look Inside The New Magashi Luxury Tented Camp In Rwanda  Forbes

The luxury glamping experience now arrives in Rwanda as Wilderness Safaris will launch a new luxury camp, Magashi, in Akagera National Park in the late ...

Forbes
South Africa protests to Rwanda over Lindiwe Sisulu slur  BBC News

South Africa is angered after a Rwandan news site reportedly calls a key minister a "prostitute".

BBC News
Two Rwandan soldiers and rebels killed in clashes, says president  Channel NewsAsia

KIGALI: At least two Rwandan soldiers and an unknown number of rebels were killed when a group of attackers crossed into Rwanda from the ...

Channel NewsAsia
Rwandan genocide suspect 'extradited from Denmark'  BBC News

Denmark has extradited a genocide suspect to Rwanda, according to the authorities in the African nation. Rwandan prosecutors accuse Wenceslas ...

BBC News
SA seeks normalised ties with Rwanda after Lindiwe Sisulu 'prostitute' insult  News24

South Africa remains committed to normalising diplomatic relations with Rwanda, but insulting Minister of International Relations and Cooperation Lindiwe ...

News24
Rwanda says forces clash with rebels from neighboring Congo  Washington Post

KIGALI, Rwanda — Rwanda's army says its forces have fought and repelled suspected rebels who crossed into the country from neighboring Congo, killing four ...

Washington Post
Outrage as Rwanda takes no action over minister's insults levied at Sisulu  IOL

SA pushes ahead with plans to normalise relations with Rwanda despite Rwanda taking no steps to sanction its Deputy Foreign ...

IOL
Diane Rwigara: Rwanda government critic acquitted  BBC News

A Rwandan court in the capital, Kigali, has acquitted government critic Diane Rwigara and her mother of charges of inciting insurrection and forgery. Ms Rwigara ...

BBC News
Danish Rwandan extradited to Kigali over genocide  The Local Denmark

A Danish man of Rwandan origin has been extradited to Kigali over his alleged role in the 1994 genocide, a Rwandan official said on Wednesday.

The Local Denmark
Rwandan government appeals verdict against dissident  News24

Rwanda's chief prosecutor has said he would appeal after dissident politician Diane Rwigara was acquitted in a high-profile trial.

News24
Normalisation of SA-Rwanda relations has been suspended...  Daily Maverick

The short-lived normalisation of South Africa's fraught relations with Rwanda has been by frustrated by insults flung at International Relations and Cooperation ...

Daily Maverick
Rwandan Women Paddle Into the Male World of Fishing  The New York Times

Now a woman can say: 'I can build a house by myself. I can look after my family properly. And even if my husband dies, we can live a better life.'”

The New York Times
University of Rwanda graduates first class of dentists, thanks in part to Harvard  Harvard Gazette

Rwanda has a population of more than 12 million people and fewer than 40 registered dentists. This past fall, 10 graduates with a bachelor's degrees in dental ...

Harvard Gazette
Rwandan journalist investigated for 'terrorism'  EWN

Phocas Ndayizera, a 39-year-old freelance journalist working for the BBC's local language *service*, was reported missing over a week ago before turning up in ...

EWN
Rwandan opposition leader defiant as prison term possible  The Wichita Eagle

Rwandan opposition leader defiant in the face of possible 22-year prison term.

The Wichita Eagle
China and India stage investment showdown in Rwanda  Nikkei Asian Review

KIGALI, Rwanda -- China and India are locked in a game of one-upmanship deep in the heart of Africa. Nowhere is this more apparent than in Rwanda, whi.

Nikkei Asian Review
Diane Rwigara, Rwandan opposition leader, gains support in US Congress  CNN

CNN -- A group of members of the US Congress are calling on the Rwandan government to drop charges against Diane Rwigara, a fierce government critic who ...

CNN
Here’s what Rwanda’s Bank of Kigali is setting aside $40m for…  CNBCAfrica.com

NAIROBI (Reuters) – Rwanda's Bank of Kigali will spend more than half of the $67.5 million it raised from a cash call this month to boost lending to local firms, ...

CNBCAfrica.com
Photographer wins award for project on Rwandan genocide and mental health  BBC News

Chrystal Ding is the third winner of the Rebecca Vassie Memorial Award.

BBC News
Treatment of chronic hepatitis C virus infection in Rwanda with ledipasvir–sofosbuvir (SHARED): a single-arm trial  The Lancet

Limited treatment data are available for hepatitis C virus (HCV) in sub-Saharan Africa, especially for genotype 4. Our objective was to establish the safety and ...

The Lancet
In Rwanda, beating cervical cancer starts with adolescent girls  UNICEF

How the country is on track to vaccinate a generation of adolescent girls against HPV.

UNICEF
European zoos to send critically endangered rhinos to Rwanda  Washington Post

Wildlife parks from three European countries are joining forces to send critically endangered eastern black rhinos back to their natural habitat in Rwanda, where ...

Washington Post
Rwandan Dissident Draws US Congressional Support  VOA News

U.S. congressional lawmakers are pressing Rwanda's government against incarcerating dissident politician Diane Rwigara, who faces up to 22 years in prison ...

VOA News
Rwanda bristles over Lindiwe Sisulu's apparent suppor...  Daily Maverick

Rwanda is furious with Lindiwe Sisulu for apparently backing negotiations between Kigali and Rwandan dissidents. Paul Kagame's government has retorted ...

Daily Maverick
PICS: Tech firm simplifies Rwanda's motorcycle taxi industry  IOL

FEATURE: In Rwanda they are called Moto taxis, in Nigeria Okadas, while in Uganda, there is Boda-boda … writes Songezo Ndlendle.

IOL
How a nutrition programme is helping a Rwanda village overcome malnutrition  Down To Earth Magazine

Under the Gikuriro Project, 336 households in Muhoza village do not have a single undernourished child as of now.

Down To Earth Magazine
Japan partners with Rwanda in education initiative  Euronews English

The Global Japan team has come to Tumba in northern Rwanda to discover a school which trains high-level technicians to meet the economic needs of the ...

Euronews English
People-centric services help Rwanda move towards universal health coverage  Down To Earth Magazine

Rwanda's healthcare system is strengthened by 58286 community health workers who go house to house to provide basic healthcare support and are trained to ...

Down To Earth Magazine
South Sudan, Rwanda ramp up Ebola prevention efforts  Devex

ABIDJAN — As the Democratic Republic of the Congo's health ministry describes the ongoing Ebola outbreak as the worst the country has experienced, ...

Devex
Rwanda's high court drops all charges against opposition figure who challenged president in election | WFTV  WFTV Orlando

KIGALI, Rwanda (AP) - Rwanda's high court drops all charges against opposition figure who challenged president in election.

WFTV Orlando
UNL professor leads next generation of agricultural innovators in Rwanda  Daily Nebraskan

University of Nebraska-Lincoln professor Richard Ferguson first became interested in agriculture farming with his grandfather as a teenager. Now, he's leading ...

Daily Nebraskan
Investing in Rwanda’s real estate  CNBCAfrica.com

The streets of Kigali have been riddled with sights of mushrooming commercial high-rise buildings; a sign of growth in the real estate sector or not? Interested in ...

CNBCAfrica.com
Rwanda's Bank of Kigali to set aside $40m for lending to firms  IOL

INTERNATIONAL - Rwanda's Bank of Kigali will spend more than half of the $67.5 million it raised from a cash call this month to boost lending to local firms, ...

IOL
Rwanda Development Board Collaborates With Myriad Travel Marketing  Travel Agent

The Rwanda Development Board appoints Myriad Marketing, an MMGY Global company, as their North American representative. Myriad will manage the ...

Travel Agent
BBC World Service - Focus on Africa, Diane Rwigara: Rwanda government critic acquitted  BBC News

A court has acquitted Ms Rwigara and her mother of inciting insurrection and forgery.

BBC News
BBC World Service - Newsday, A Rwandan orphan's search for family  BBC News

Ibrahim Kassim was orphaned in the 1994 genocide - and doesn't know where he comes from.

BBC News
MTN Rwanda signs deal for 50bn franc loan for network upgrade  IOL

INTERNATIONAL - MTN Rwanda, the biggest telecoms operator in the East African nation, has signed a 50 billion franc ($56.20 million) loan with eight local ...

IOL
ASA, RSA host 'A Taste of Africa' to raise money for Rwandan charity  Daily Nebraskan

The University of Nebraska-Lincoln's African Student Association and the Rwandan Students Association will embrace the season of giving through their ...

Daily Nebraskan
Rwanda: A Poster Child for Development With a Dark Side  The Wall Street Journal

Rwanda has been hailed as a homegrown model of African development, but rights groups and a growing number of academics point to a darker side of its ...

The Wall Street Journal
16 years for man who murdered Rwandan refugee over small drug debt  Montreal Gazette

"It resembles an execution, a senseless drug slaying," judge says while delivering second-degree murder sentence.

Montreal Gazette
Rwandan who challenged president faces 22 years in jail as trial opens  The Guardian

Diane Rwigara denies forgery and inciting insurrection in court in Kigali as prosecutors call for 22-year jail term.

The Guardian
Black Earth Rising: The Rwandan genocide and its aftermath  BBC News

Black Earth Rising is the new BBC Two thriller, which focuses on the Rwanda's 1994 genocide and its aftermath. During just 100 days in 1994, ethnic Hutu ...

BBC News
Release of Rwandan presidential critic raises hopes of political tolerance  The Guardian

A Rwandan judge has ordered the release on bail of a vocal critic of Paul Kagame, the president, raising hopes for greater political tolerance after the release ...

The Guardian
Rwanda Freeing Over 2,000 Prisoners, Including an Opposition Leader  The New York Times

President Paul Kagame's government ordered the release of Victoire Ingabire Umuhoza, leader of an opposition party, and Kizito Mihigo, a musician and ...

The New York Times
The Rwandan school turning boys into feminists  BBC News

It could have the answers to how to tackle gender-based violence and power imbalances in the #MeToo era.

BBC News
Freed Rwandan opposition leader vows to continue struggle  The Guardian

Victoire Ingabire says she is prepared to return to jail in her fight for free speech and human rights.

The Guardian
Rwanda Eyes Biogas to Help Curb Deforestation  New York Times

Biogas systems that convert animal and human waste into methane offer one alternative to charcoal in this poor — yet innovative — East African country.

New York Times
Rwanda's National Cleanup Day Eliminates Trash — But Raises Some Concerns : Goats and Soda  NPR

At 8 a.m. on a sunny morning in April, people are sweeping the hilly streets of Kigali, the capital of Rwanda, with straw brooms and picking up stray bits of litter.

NPR
Kofi Annan’s legacy was complicated by the Rwandan genocide  The Washington Post

In a 2004 interview with PBS's “Frontline," Kofi Annan called the Rwandan genocide “a very painful and traumatic experience,” both for himself and the United ...

The Washington Post
Kofi Annan was a strong voice for peace. Rwanda was where he fell short.  The Washington Post

Annan expressed “bitter regret and abiding sorrow” over the international response to Rwanda's genocide.

The Washington Post
Rwanda bans cartoons that ‘humiliate’ government officials  Quartz

It wasn't immediately clear if the law will apply to digital media users who create or post cartoons online.

Quartz
Arsenal sponsored by... Rwanda?  CNN

(CNN) With 'Visit Rwanda' emblazoned on its kit, Arsenal F.C. made its season debut against Manchester City in a big-name clash in the English Premier ...

CNN
Xi and Modi just visited Rwanda and supplied millions of dollars, here's why  CNBC

The leaders of the world's two largest emerging economies have both just visited the tiny, landlocked African country of Rwanda – separately – and showed ...

CNBC
A Rwandan Game Park Defying the Odds  The New York Times

Despite modest tourism numbers, Akagera National Park is a success story in the making, particularly considering that, like its host country, it survived ...

The New York Times
France may drop probe of 1994 killing of Rwandan president  TimesLIVE

Mass graves in Butare, Rwanda, on January 30 2012 at a site that is now a monument. Estimates of the number of people killed during the Rwandan genocide ...

TimesLIVE
Rwandan opposition party leader feared dead amid reports he escaped from prison  CNN

The jailed vice president of Rwanda's opposition FDU-Inkingi party has escaped from prison, according to the country's correctional *service*. But party leaders ...

CNN
Tiny Rwanda boosts influence with Francophonie chief role  News24

Rwanda has scored a major win with the election of its foreign minister to head a global association of French-speaking nations, as it seeks to boost its influence ...

News24
The mixed tale of women's empowerment in Rwanda  Al Jazeera English

Rwanda's push for gender equality hailed by some, but others call it 'smokescreen' for government repression.

Al Jazeera English
How lessons from Rwanda could help China fix its myopia crisis  CNN

President Xi Jinping has called myopia an epidemic among China's younger generations.

CNN
America must allow Rwanda to make its own choices  Financial Times

Tiny Rwanda, with its pipsqueak $10bn economy, has enraged the mighty United States, whose output, at $20tn, is roughly 2,000 times bigger.

Financial Times
Rwanda Defends $40 Million Tourism Ad Campaign  VOA News

Rwanda, which receives $80 million in UK aid each year, is under fire for its latest $40 million tourism promotion campaign.

VOA News
Can Art Heal a Broken Society?  TIME

Anger in a wounded people can run deep. We can prevent the cycle of violence through therapeutic performances and workshops.

TIME
Still no sign of SA citizen who vanished in Rwanda  TimesLIVE

There has been no word on the whereabouts of Leon Orsmond‚ a South African advertising executive who disappeared in Kigali‚ Rwanda‚ in February.

TimesLIVE
UK soccer club Arsenal caught in sponsorship row over deal with aid-recipient Rwanda  CNBC

A row has blown up over a sponsorship deal between one of the world's richest soccer clubs and the landlocked African country of Rwanda.

CNBC
Rwanda reconsiders role of snubbed French language  Times LIVE

Rwanda turned its back on the French-speaking world when it chose English as the language of education a decade ago, but with bilingualism seen as an asset ...

Times LIVE
French prosecutors move to drop probe into 1994 Rwanda presidential attack  EWN

PARIS - French prosecutors have requested the dismissal of a probe into the deadly 1994 attack on former Rwandan president Juvenal Habyarimana, which ...

EWN
The Dark Side Of Keeping The Streets Clean In Rwanda's Capital  NPR

Rwanda, the land of 1000 hills, is also known for being ordered and clean. But human rights groups say there is a lurid story behind the clean streets in Kigali.

NPR
Rwanda genocide survivors urge France to reopen case  TimesLIVE

Lawyers for survivors of Rwanda's genocide on Friday urged France to reopen its investigation into claims that French troops were responsible for the deaths of ...

TimesLIVE
Rwandan leader Kagame releases opposition leader from prison  Financial Times

Victoire Ingabire freed along with 2000 other prisoners.

Financial Times
How the US and Rwanda have fallen out over second-hand clothes  BBC News

The US has imposed tariffs on Rwanda over an obscure import: Second-hand clothes.

BBC News
A Deathly Hush | by Helen Epstein  The New York Review of Books

The UN's definition of genocide is not restricted to attempts to eradicate a particular ethnic group. It includes “killings…with the intent to destroy, in whole, or in ...

The New York Review of Books
Rwanda's reluctant love affair with coffee  Al Jazeera English

Despite its important role in the economy, coffee isn't part of daily life for most Rwandans but things are changing.

Al Jazeera English
Rwanda 'genocide-era' mass graves found  BBC News

Four mass graves have been unearthed in Rwanda, which are believed to date from the 1994 genocide. The sites were found in the Gasabo district, outside the ...

BBC News
Rwanda and Yale partner to advance sustainable development, conservation  Yale News

The government of Rwanda and Yale have signed a Memorandum of Understanding to foster greater cooperation and collaboration in the areas of education ...

Yale News
Rwanda's fund now a full member of international group  Pensions & Investments

Rwanda's sovereign wealth fund has become a full member of the International Forum of Sovereign Wealth Funds.

Pensions & Investments
Betraying Justice for Rwanda’s Genocide Survivors  The New Yorker

Jina Moore writes on the potential early release from prison of Aloys Simba, Dominique Ntawukulilyayo, and Hassan Ngeze, three of the Rwandan genocide's ...

The New Yorker
Rwanda committed to normalising ties with South Africa – Foreign ministry  The New Times

The Ministry of Foreign Affairs on Wednesday announced that Rwanda is committed to fully re-establishing normal ties with South Africa. The announcement ...

The New Times
Sisulu at center of Rwanda, SA verbal war  SowetanLIVE Sunday World

SA and Rwanda have had a major diplomatic fallout yesterday which saw a tit-for-tat recall of the two countries' two diplomats.

SowetanLIVE Sunday World
Umushyikirano 2018: Seven things Rwandans want discussed  The New Times

People living with disability also take part in the discussions during Umushyikirano. Village Urugwiro. Image Zoom. 2 of 2 ...

The New Times
Photo contest to promote Rwanda in China  The New Times

Rwanda's Ambassador to China Charles Kayonga (right) gives a dummy gorilla to one of the partnering organisers at the event. Courtesy. Twitter · Facebook ...

The New Times
Doing Business rankings: What next for Rwanda?  The New Times

Tailors working at C&H Garment Factory located in Kigali economic zone. The government is aiming at rolling out 34 business reforms across multiple indicators ...

The New Times
Rwanda to spend $1.3 billion on railway project  The New Times

Rwanda is looking for a staggering $1.3 billion to finance its portion of the Isaka-Kigali Standard Gauge Railway (SGR) aimed at reducing logistics costs, boost ...

The New Times
Kagame honours RDF, says no enemy can defeat Rwanda  The New Times

President Kagame addresses the troops during the RDF Combined Arms Field Training Exercise at the Rwanda Defence Forces Combat Training Centre in ...

The New Times
Rwanda seeks increased private investments in agriculture  The New Times

Rwanda is looking for more private investments in agriculture to promote agribusiness and agro-industry sectors, Rwandan agriculture Minister Gerardine ...

The New Times
Mauritius leads in foreign investments in Rwanda  The New Times

Mauritian investors currently have the most investments in the country with a majority of their investments spread in tourism, energy, wholesale and ...

The New Times
Rwanda ordered to pay opposition leader Ingabire $61,000  The East African

The Rwandan government has been ordered to pay opposition leader Victoire Ingabire $61,000 in compensatory damages her family endured while she was in ...

The East African
WATCH: Tommy Fleming and Rwandan teens sing stunning version of 'Give A Little Bit'  Independent.ie

The video for Tommy Fleming's uplifting version of Supertramp's 1977 hit, Give A Little Bit, which he recorded with teenagers in Rwanda, has landed.

Independent.ie
Rwanda banks report mixed results in 2018  The East African

Commercial banks in Rwanda reported mixed results in the nine months to September, with Ecobank Rwanda joining the group of nine banks that returned a ...

The East African
Highlights of Rwanda's growth agenda 2035 and 2050  The New Times

A joint publication between the World Bank and the Government of Rwanda themed “Future Drivers of Growth in Rwanda: Innovation, Integration, Agglomeration ...

The New Times
Search for Miss Rwanda 2019 kicks off  The New Times

The search is on for the next Miss Rwanda. The auditions kick off this weekend. Like previous editions, the contest will be organised by Rwanda Inspiration Back ...

The New Times
Minister Busingye reiterates Rwanda's transparency in human rights reporting  The New Times

Justice Minister Johnston Busingye has stressed that the Government of Rwanda is committed to keep the Universal Periodic Review (UPR) on human rights an ...

The New Times
Burundi accuses Rwanda of abducting four fishermen  The East African

Kigali and Bujumbura trade accusations and tension heightens.

The East African
New report hails Rwanda's visa-on-arrival policy  The New Times

Passengers check in at Kigali International Airport. Rwanda's visa openness has promoted the country as a top conference destination. File. Twitter · Facebook ...

The New Times
'Prostitute' Insult Puts South Africa, Rwanda Relations on Ice  AllAfrica.com

The South African government has suspended the normalisation of relations with Rwanda following the publication of a now-deleted story by Rushyashya which ...

AllAfrica.com
NBA to Start Pre-selection in Rwanda  KT Press

Rwanda will this coming January 2019, start a process of selecting young basketball talents for the renown US-based National Basketball Association (NBA) ...

KT Press
Rwanda, Russia agree on peaceful use of atomic energy  The New Times

Rwanda and Russia have signed an inter-governmental cooperation agreement on the use of atomic energy for peaceful purposes, according to a statement ...

The New Times
Rwanda Devises Big Plans to Build Its Own Film Industry: "We Have a Chance to Tell Our Stories"  Hollywood Reporter

A quarter-century after a brutal genocide devastated the nation, Rwanda is pulling out all the stops to create a viable film and television business.

Hollywood Reporter
Rwanda records drop in poverty levels  The New Times

Prime Minister Edouard Ngirente addresses the meeting during the official launch yesterday(Sam Ngendahimana). Image Zoom. 2 of 6 ...

The New Times
Rwanda displays previously unseen self-propelled artillery  IHS Jane's 360

A Chinese-made wheeled self-propelled artillery system was seen in *service* with the Rwandan Defence Force (RDF) for the first time in photographs released ...

IHS Jane's 360
 

Rwanda Videos

Umva icyo PKagame avuze ku BASIRIKARE b'u Rwanda BARASHWE na FDRL
16:05:54
Umva icyo PKagame avuze ku BASIRIKARE b'u Rwanda BARASHWE na FDRL
Abarundi nabo bakoze ikiganiro cyo gusubiza Perezida w'u Rwanda Nkurunziza we yanze guta igihe ke
18:24:48
Abarundi nabo bakoze ikiganiro cyo gusubiza Perezida w'u Rwanda Nkurunziza we yanze guta igihe ke
NI NDE UTASARA AMBONYE||Umukobwa wibajijweho muri Miss Rwanda 2019
09:15:42
NI NDE UTASARA AMBONYE||Umukobwa wibajijweho muri Miss Rwanda 2019
MISS RWANDA 2019: Ikiganiro nabakobwa bose batsindiye itike yo guhagararira intara y'Amajyaruguru
20:38:15
MISS RWANDA 2019: Ikiganiro nabakobwa bose batsindiye itike yo guhagararira intara y'Amajyaruguru
Umukobwa utunguye abandi  i Musanze Miss Rwanda 2019
13:42:35
Umukobwa utunguye abandi i Musanze Miss Rwanda 2019
Udushya TWOSE twabaye muri MISS RWANDA 2019||MUSANZE
20:52:13
Udushya TWOSE twabaye muri MISS RWANDA 2019||MUSANZE
Baradusekeje turumirwa ndebera uko ba Miss i Musanze batambukaga Miss Rwanda 2019 i Musanze
16:27:44
Baradusekeje turumirwa ndebera uko ba Miss i Musanze batambukaga Miss Rwanda 2019 i Musanze
Rwanda’s Capital is Attracting Tourists
14:53:20
Rwanda’s Capital is Attracting Tourists
amakuru abyutse acicikana mu karere u Rwanda ruherereyemo
07:42:12
amakuru abyutse acicikana mu karere u Rwanda ruherereyemo
SA & RWANDA : RUSHYASHYA NA NDUHUNGIREHE &  KIGALI NTA BURENGANZIRA IFITE MU KUTUBWIRA UKO DUKORA
18:13:13
SA & RWANDA : RUSHYASHYA NA NDUHUNGIREHE & KIGALI NTA BURENGANZIRA IFITE MU KUTUBWIRA UKO DUKORA
 

Rwanda Images

Clipart - Rwanda Flag Map
Clipart - Rwanda Flag Map
Photo of the Week: São Tomé and Príncipe's changing ...
Photo of the Week: São Tomé and Príncipe's changing ...
Ruanda | Bandeiras de países
Ruanda | Bandeiras de países
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Congo-Kinshasa
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Congo-Kinshasa
Tanzania | Cornwall to Cape Town
Tanzania | Cornwall to Cape Town
Retour à Kigali | StellaMaris
Retour à Kigali | StellaMaris
Sydney Opera House Tour | Review | Book Now - The Big Bus
Sydney Opera House Tour | Review | Book Now - The Big Bus
How to prepare for laboratory relocation
How to prepare for laboratory relocation
Don Cheadle took anti-anxiety medication during filming of ...
Don Cheadle took anti-anxiety medication during filming of ...
Cali - 100 Resilient Cities
Cali - 100 Resilient Cities
 

Rwanda WebSites

 

Rwanda Wiki

Rwanda ( (listen); Kinyarwanda: U Rwanda [u.ɾɡwaː.nda] (listen)), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; French: République du Rwanda), is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda's earliest inhabitants. Scholars disagree on the origins of and differences between the Hutu and Tutsi; some believe differences are derived from former social castes within a single people, while others believe the Hutu and Tutsi arrived in the country separately, and from different locations. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda today has low corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only two countries with a female majority in the national parliament.Hunter gatherers settled the territory in the stone and iron ages, followed later by Bantu peoples. The population coalesced first into clans and then into kingdoms. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily, centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies. Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I. Both European nations ruled through the kings and perpetuated a pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in 1959. They massacred numerous Tutsi and ultimately established an independent, Hutu-dominated state in 1962. A 1973 military coup saw a change of leadership, but pro-Hutu policy remained. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990. Social tensions erupted in the 1994 genocide, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The RPF ended the genocide with a military victory.Rwanda's economy suffered heavily in wake of the 1994 genocide, but has since strengthened. The economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. Tourism is a fast-growing sector and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner. Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely, and visitors pay high prices for gorilla tracking permits. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture, particularly drums and the highly choreographed intore dance. Traditional arts and crafts are produced throughout the country, including imigongo, a unique cow dung art.