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Rwanda NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Fri, 15 Feb 2019 17:58:29 GMTGoogle News
Rwanda's masterful deception  IOL

Canadian General Romeo Dallaire alleged that the RPF's Tutsi Commander Paul Kagame had allowed the genocide to continue longer than it needed to.

IOL
Rwanda's masterful deception during the 1994 genocide  IOL

Canadian General Romeo Dallaire alleged that the RPF's Tutsi Commander Paul Kagame had allowed the genocide to continue longer than it needed to.

IOL
Rwanda gets $11m Design Lab  The New Times

The hub, which is expanding its physical presence out of Nigeria for the first time in its eight year history, also plans to use technology to widen STEM education.

The New Times
Volkswagen Rwanda to Launch its “Move” Service Next Month  KT Press

New taxicab transport *service* that is set to bring latest generation of mobility solution and to bridge existing gaps in the sector will be launched in Kigali next ...

KT Press
'Baby Police' Stars Stunned by Rwanda's Hospitality  KT Press

Africa's finest comedians and actors Osita Ihema and Chinedu Ikedize have said that they are overwhelmed by Rwandan hospitality.The Baby police movie stars ...

KT Press
Rwanda: Drones deliver medical supplies in remote areas  IT News Africa

Rwanda made headlines as the first country to pilot blood deliveries by drone. However, President Paul Kagame has not been credited enough with improving ...

IT News Africa
Rwanda targets $74m from conference tourism this year  The New Times

A number of four and five-star international brand hotels have set up shop in Kigali adding to the already existing hospitality facilities.

The New Times
Juggling patronage networks for political dominance in Rwanda? Give me another!  The New Times

RPF brought all minds together so as to jointly chart out a future for the country—representatives from the citizenry, intelligentsia, business, old, youth, all faiths, ...

The New Times
Rwanda, 25 years later: A primer on the genocide and Canada's mission  The Globe and Mail

In 1994, an African nation's long-simmering ethnic tensions boiled over, and more than 800000 people were killed. Here's how it happened.

The Globe and Mail
Rwanda president says forgiveness can be 'difficult' price of peace  The National

Paul Kagame reflects on how he rebuilt nation from ashes of genocide and civil war.

The National
Rwanda to deploy mobile soil testing laboratory  The New Times

The project is being implemented through a joint venture between the Government and OCP group a Moroccan phosphates making firm.

The New Times
Miracle in Rwanda Will Arrive Off-Broadway This Spring  Playbill.com

Rwandan actor Malaika Uwamahoro will star in the acclaimed one-actor play that returns to New York following a global tour.

Playbill.com
Rwanda Readiness to Contain Ebola Outbreak at 84% - Kagame  KT Press

In response to World Health Organisation's Regulations, President Paul Kagame has said that Rwanda increased its level of preparedness against any possible ...

KT Press
Skin bleaching cosmetics worth over Rwf13 million seized  The New Times

A joint operation conducted on Wednesday in various parts of the country seized assorted skin bleaching products valued at over Rwf13 million. The operation ...

The New Times
ProTouch announce team for Tour du Rwanda  In the Bunch

The ProTouch Continental team have announced their five-man team for the Tour du Rwanda from February 24 to March 3. The gruelling eight-day tour last year ...

In the Bunch
Over 250 Made-in-Rwanda products receive RSB approval  The New Times

Statistics from Rwanda Standards Board show that over 250 Made-in-Rwanda products have received approval from the standards body over the past 18 ...

The New Times
Rwanda 'keen on increasing local consumption of coffee'  The New Times

Rwandan coffee started trading on the world's largest e-commerce platform, Alibaba, thanks to the Electronic World Trade Platform deal between the company ...

The New Times
Rwanda: Five Rwandan Startups to Benefit From Dubai Chamber Mentorship Programme  AllAfrica.com

Five Rwandan startups are among the 10 selected startups from Africa by the Dubai Chamber that will stand a chance to participate in the mentorship program in ...

AllAfrica.com
Gender gap in Science in Rwandan secondary schools: a myth or fact?  The New Times

Late last year, an education official was asked by a high school senior if there was a gender gap (in favor of boys) in learning outcomes in mathematics and ...

The New Times
Memo suggests French intelligence knew about attack on Rwandan president in lead up to genocide  FRANCE 24 English

Radio France and the news site Mediapart published on Wednesday excerpts of a memo from the DGSE – the French equivalent of MI6 and the CIA – which ...

FRANCE 24 English
Rwanda poised to open Africa's first smartphone manufacturing factory in 2019  Face2Face Africa

In a bid to solve the massive ICT and technology issues that the country is facing while also creating more jobs in the fast pace growing IT world, Rwanda is set ...

Face2Face Africa
Construction of Ellen Degeneres Campus in Rwanda to commence  Construction Review

Rwanda is set to commence construction of the long awaited Ellen DeGeneres' Campus of the Dian Fossey Gorilla next week.

Construction Review
Rwanda fish production up by 27.8 per cent  The New Times

The latest industry outlook shows that Rwanda registered a significant rebound in fish output since 2016 after sustained years of hardship.

The New Times
Rwanda to introduce new banknotes  IOL

INTERNATIONAL – The National Bank of Rwanda on Thursday announced that redesigned banknotes of 500 and 1,000 Rwandan francs are expected to go ...

IOL
New bid to extradite genocide fugitive Sylvère Ahorugeze  The New Times

Ahorugeze, who was already living in Denmark, was arrested in Sweden as he sought to renew the passports of his family members at the Rwandan embassy in ...

The New Times
Rwanda set to get first smartphone factory  The New Times

Minister Ingabire: Once the factory starts producing smartphones, people will be paying in installments over a period of 24 months.

The New Times
Five Rwandan startups to benefit from Dubai Chamber mentorship programme  The New Times

The five were selected following an engagement of 20 startups from Dubai and Africa held at Kigali Convention Centre on the sidelines of the Africa Tech ...

The New Times
Rwanda hopes to increase energy efficiency with new cooling initiative  Inhabitat

Rwanda has big plans for a more sustainable future and is launching a new cooling initiative that will increase energy efficiency within the country's booming ...

Inhabitat
Should closing time for bars be introduced?  The New Times

I have never come across a more ridiculous idea than suggesting that bars should have a closing time. As a country, and I say this as someone who has ...

The New Times
I always tried to come to Rwanda before - Don Moen  The New Times

American worship music maestro Don Moen has said that he always had invitations from Rwanda and tried to come before, but it did not materialise.

The New Times
Rwandan President says UAE an inspiration to many nations  Khaleej Times

Kagame is a former military leader and took over the office in 2000 when his predecessor Pasteur Bizimungu resigned.

Khaleej Times
RRA owes Rwf30b in VAT refunds  The New Times

Tax refunds come about after having taxes withheld on earnings that amount to more than what a person owes in income taxes for a calendar year.

The New Times
Exhibition showcases German cultural preservation in Rwanda  The New Times

Masozera (L) shows a guest some of the 15 cultural heritage projects at the Kandt House Museum . Emmanuel Kwizera. Twitter · Facebook · Email · Whatsapp ...

The New Times
South Africa 'covering up murder of ex-Rwandan spy boss'  The Guardian

Lawyer calls for full investigation into alleged assassination of Patrick Karegeya.

The Guardian
New Beginnings for Ex-Combatants in Rwanda  World Bank Group

Between 2002 and 2017, the World Bank supported the Government of Rwanda to demobilize thousands of former combatants and help them rejoin their ...

World Bank Group
Five SMEs could soon be listed on Rwanda Stock Exchange  The New Times

Celestin Rwabukumba, the Chief Executive of the Rwanda Stock Exchange, said that about five firms could soon be listed on the local bourse after exhibiting ...

The New Times
Rwanda: Police Coach Mphande Demands Improvement as League Returns  AllAfrica.com

Police FC head coach Joel Albert Mphande has asked his players to up their performances, during the second round of the Azam Rwanda Premier League, ...

AllAfrica.com
Is Rwanda Great At PR?  Taarifa Rwanda

There's this myth that Rwanda is great at PR. It is not. On the contrary, it's many achievements are unknown to outsiders. Great PR would have ensured that they.

Taarifa Rwanda
Rwanda: Experts Weigh in on Need for More Investment in Human Capital Development  AllAfrica.com

The success of Rwanda's strategies to attain its social economic development goals will depend on the country's ability to sustain investment in human capital ...

AllAfrica.com
Rwanda: Skin Bleaching Cosmetics Worth Over U.S.$14500 Seized  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

A joint operation conducted on Wednesday in various parts of the country seized assorted skin bleaching products valued at over Rwf13 million.

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
What a medical school on a Rwandan hilltop can teach the United States  POLITICO

Doctors learn to treat patients without all the high-tech tools — and fairness and access are crucial.

POLITICO
Uganda deports French, Rwandan nationals in security threat  News24

Uganda says it has deported a French national and a Rwandan accused of compromising national security.

News24
Rwanda, rights and the Commonwealth  The Guardian

Letters: The Commonwealth's core values are compromised by allowing Rwanda to host its next summit, says Richard Bourne.

The Guardian
RWANDA AND JAPAN  The New Times

“This visit will expand our bilateral. relations even further” - Ambassador Miyashita. H.E. Paul Kagame, President of the Republic of Rwanda, made an official ...

The New Times
Rwandan murder suspects had ‘close links’ to Rwanda’s government, prosecutors say  The Globe and Mail

There are “close links” between the Rwandan government and the main suspects in the 2013 assassination of exiled Rwandan dissident Patrick Karegeya, ...

The Globe and Mail
Rwanda Signs $400M Deal to Produce Methane Gas from 'Killer Lake'  VOA News

Rwanda said on Tuesday it had signed a $400 million deal to produce bottled gas from Lake Kivu, which emits such dense clouds of methane it is known as one ...

VOA News
FEATURED: Airtel-Tigo Merger Yields Positive Results  The New Times

Since the merger with Tigo in 2017, Airtel Rwanda has made headway in growing its business portfolio in Rwanda as well as its subscriber base. Major activities ...

The New Times
DRC seeks UN help against Rwanda rebels on border  News24

Democratic Republic of Congo's government has asked its UN peacekeeping mission for help against Rwandan rebels planning operations against Rwanda ...

News24
Rwanda to bridge shortage of certified accountants in next 5 years  The New Times

Jean Marie Vianney Muhire, Director of Education and Development Services at the Institute of Certified Public Accountants. File. Twitter · Facebook · Email ...

The New Times
Rwanda: New Bid to Extradite Genocide Fugitive Sylvère Ahorugeze  AllAfrica.com

Prosecution has announced plans for a *fresh* bid to have Sylvère Ahorugeze extradited to Rwanda from Denmark, to answer charges of genocide and related ...

AllAfrica.com
What is behind Jack Ma's footsteps in Rwanda and Africa?  The New Times

Ma speaks at the official launch of the Electronic World Trade Platform in Kigali on October 31, 2018. Courtesy. Twitter · Facebook · Email · Whatsapp · linkedin ...

The New Times
Human trafficking convict appeals eight year sentence  The New Times

Twagirumukiza was arrested in December 2015 after three girls who used to work at his bar in Busia, a town on the Uganda-Kenya border, accused him of ...

The New Times
B.C. people-smuggling investigation alleges Rwanda, Kentucky, Alberta connections  CBC.ca

A Rwandan woman who illegally entered B.C. and applied for refugee status in Canada was allegedly brought here by a network of people in Rwanda, the U.S. ...

CBC.ca
‘Black Earth Rising’ Creator Breaks Down the Challenges and Nuances of Exploring the Rwandan Genocide  Variety

It took me a long six months of research," says Hugo Blick. "I was very interested in exploring the aftermath and legacy of trauma.”

Variety
Cyusa releases 'gakondo' love song for Valentine's Day  The New Times

The talented 29-year-old half-brother of Rwandan-born Belgian star, Stromae, is destined for great things because he loves gakondo so much.

The New Times
DRC extradites two rebel Hutu leaders to Rwanda  News24

The government in the Democratic Republic of Congo says it has extradited two leaders of the Rwanda Hutu FDLR rebels to Rwanda, as part of a legal ...

News24
Rwanda tin mine collapse kills fourteen workers  Al Jazeera English

Heavy rains in recent days trigger collapse of a hill near the mining site in eastern province, killing 14 workers.

Al Jazeera English
Rwandan companies ranked among continent's fastest growing firms  The New Times

Charis Unmanned Aerial Solutions (Charis UAS) is one of the 14 featured companies. The drone operator provides aerial imagery services in a range of ...

The New Times
Over 1000 set for Rwamagana Challenge Marathon  The New Times

Over one thousand athletes are expected to take part in the Rwamagana Challenge Marathon, according to the Rwanda Athletics Federation (RAF), ...

The New Times
Rwanda protests early release of Genocide convict Simba  The New Times

The Government of Rwanda has condemned the early release of genocide convict Aloys Simba by the International Residual Mechanism for Criminal Tribunals ...

The New Times
Did Rwanda govt execute Kagame's critic, Patrick Karegeya?  africanews

A court in South Africa has ordered authorities to outline what steps have been takedn towards arresting the suspects in the murder of a Rwandan dissent and ...

africanews
The case for Design in Rwanda  The New Times

It is a question that confounds policy makers in government, ordinary Rwandans, even students of Design alike. At a one-day symposium organised by the ...

The New Times
Rwanda Mourns Deaths of 14 Miners as Official Urges More Safety Steps  VOA News

Rwandans are mourning the deaths of 14 miners after a landslide Monday at a tin mining site in this hilly eastern area. The country's mining board said recent ...

VOA News
Government moves to contain rising cases of physical trauma  The New Times

Physical trauma is a serious injury to the body. It comprises two types of trauma including blunt force trauma—when an object or force strikes the body, often ...

The New Times
Rwanda moves closer to banning single use plastics  The New Times

A cabinet meeting on Monday approved a draft law that will ban the single use of plastics, a move that is likely to transform the way of life in the country towards ...

The New Times
Construction of Ellen DeGeneres campus commences in Kinigi  The New Times

The Ellen DeGeneres campus is expected to boost mountain gorilla conservation efforts and promoting Rwanda's tourism among other benefits.

The New Times
Are Rwanda and South Africa irreconcilable?  Daily Maverick

A likely extradition request and sharp differences over the DRC keep reconciliation efforts on ice.

Daily Maverick
Jewish, German communities in Rwanda to mark Holocaust  The New Times

Jewish and German communities in Rwanda will Wednesday commemorate the victims of the Holocaust committed against Jews in Nazi Germany between ...

The New Times
DP World Boss Says Rwanda Subsidiary a Sign of End to Trade Barriers  KT Press

Sultan Ahmed Bin Sulayem – Chairman and Chief Executive Officer of Dubai Portland World says the logistics firm's decision to open a subsidiary in Rwanda ...

KT Press
Hazardous substances found in over 90% of tested cosmetics in Rwanda  Chemical Watch

Rwanda has seized 4,501 cosmetics products as part of its efforts to enforce a ban on the sale of those containing hazardous skin-lightening agents.

Chemical Watch
US investors demand $96m for loss of Rwanda contracts  The East African

A group of US investors have taken Rwanda to an international court, seeking compensation of $95 million after the government seized their mining concessions ...

The East African
Rwanda woos visitors at Nordics travel fair  The New Times

Among the things that Rwanda showcased at the trade show include Gorrillas and Rwandan coffee. Courtesy. Twitter · Facebook · Email · Whatsapp · linkedin ...

The New Times
Rwanda set to open its first smartphone factory  Construction Review

The government of Rwanda is set to open a factory to produce smartphones with the aim of enhancing digital services.

Construction Review
Kivu Noir Coffee Champions Freshness And Social Initiatives In Rwanda  Forbes

Grown at an altitude of more than 4800 feet above sea level on the fertile volcanic shores of Lake Kivu in Rwanda, Kivu Noir is a premium single estate Red ...

Forbes
Minister Gatete implores service sector to leverage secondary cities  The New Times

Rwanda targets to be a middle income and high income country in 2035 and 2050, respectively, and secondary cities are expected to accelerate this process.

The New Times
Rwanda to hear petition challenging adultery, political cartoon laws  africanews

Rwanda's Supreme Court on Friday ruled that a petition filed by a lawyer challenging sections of the country's penal laws was legitimate and would be heard.

africanews
140 Rwandan peacekeepers depart for CAR stabilisation mission  The New Times

A contingent of 140 Rwanda National Police officers yesterday jetted off to the Central African Republic aboard a RwandAir flight for a one-year peacekeeping ...

The New Times
Nu Kigali: Rwanda’s underground music  The East African

This thriving cultural landscape has morphed into a hotbed of creativity brewing alternative sounds.

The East African
Why Miss Rwanda contest is a big deal  The New Times

Today, Saturday, January 26, Rwandans will know the lucky girl who'll be representing her country as Miss Rwanda in 2019. First, I want to say good luck to ...

The New Times
Residents of border districts urged to maintain Rwandan culture  The New Times

Participants discussed different issues affecting society including child defilement, malnutrition, and culture. Jean de Dieu Nsabimana. Twitter · Facebook · Email ...

The New Times
HLB International appoints new member in Rwanda  The New Times

HLB International, one of the leading global accountancy networks with presence in 150 countries, has entered the Rwandan market after signing of a new ...

The New Times
Rwandan opposition figure says she won't be deterred by detention  Reuters

KIGALI (Reuters) - Diane Rwigara says she will not let more than a year in detention derail her campaign against President Paul Kagame, the ...

Reuters
Rwanda to tap methane gas from 'Killer Lake' in Sh40b deal  The Standard

Rwanda said on Tuesday it had signed a $400 million (Sh40.4 billion) deal to produce bottled gas from Lake Kivu, which emits such dense clouds of methane it ...

The Standard
Rwanda's Oldest Textile Factory to Relocate In One Week  KT Press

Rwanda Environment Management Authority (REMA) has ordered Usine Textile du Rwanda (UTEXRWA) – a textile industry to relocate in a gazetted wetland ...

KT Press
Zimbabwe ratifies global nuclear treaty  The New Times

Countries on the continent that are yet to ratify the treaty include the Comoros, Equatorial Guinea, the Gambia and Sao Tome and Principe, while Mauritius, ...

The New Times
Nigeria tightens security ahead of presidential polls  The New Times

On Jan. 21, the government said there were security threats to the upcoming general elections, alerting citizens of the West African country to be wary of pending ...

The New Times
Meghan Nimwiza crowned Miss Rwanda 2019  The New Times

Meghan Nimwiza was on Saturday night crowned Miss Rwanda 2019 bringing to an end the weeks-long contest that had stirred debate and public interest.

The New Times
FG Partners Rwanda on Civil Service Reforms  THISDAY Newspapers

By Olawale Ajimotokan in Abuja. The federal government has entered into a partnership agreement with Rwanda on the possibility of adapting its modern ...

THISDAY Newspapers
MTN deportations impair Rwanda-Uganda ties  The East African

Top managers were deported to France and Rwanda.

The East African
Egypt's El-Sisi Takes Over African Union Chairmanship From Rwanda's Kagame  IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That Matters

NEW YORK | ADDIS ABABA (IDN) – Rwandan President Paul Kagame has turned over the leadership of the 55-member African Union (AU) to Abdel Fattah ...

IDN InDepthNews | Analysis That Matters
What the world can learn from Rwanda's approach to drones  World Economic Forum

What's the story? Right now, most countries restrict who and how you can fly drones. They can only be flown within the operator's line of sight, and operators ...

World Economic Forum
Rwanda poised to cut gas imports in wake of new methane deal  The New Times

The deal with Gasmeth Energy is expected to reduce the amount of money the country spends on importing gas from Kenya and Tanzania.

The New Times
Rwanda signs deal for large-scale bottling of methane gas from 'boiling' Lake Kivu  Face2Face Africa

Lake Kivu lies on the border between the Democratic Republic of the Congo (DRC) and Rwanda, and it poses a great risk to millions of inhabitants around it due ...

Face2Face Africa
Former street child scoops best young entrepreneur award  The New Times

Dr. Alvera Mukabaramba hands over the 2018 RDB Business Excellence Awards for Emerging Made in Rwanda Enterprise of the Year to an official of East ...

The New Times
Nissan to assemble cars in Algeria  The New Times

It is planned that the plant will produce some 63500 vehicles per year by the first half of 2020, according to the joint venture agreement.

The New Times
The Evolution Of Made In Rwanda Campaign  Africa.com

In 2018, the government of Rwanda officially launched the Made in Rwanda policy a product of the 2015 domestic market recapture strategy. In this CNBC Africa ...

Africa.com
Origins of ordinary things: Valentine's Day  The New Times

Tomorrow is February 14, which means that a number of people across the world will go out of their way to express affection towards their loved ones. Some will ...

The New Times
 

Rwanda Videos

Why Rwanda's Capital Kigali Is The Cleanest City In Africa?
17:18:46
Why Rwanda's Capital Kigali Is The Cleanest City In Africa?
Why Rwanda Is Most Organized Country In Africa?
11:18:26
Why Rwanda Is Most Organized Country In Africa?
DATING IN RWANDA 2019 || iam_marwa
17:11:33
DATING IN RWANDA 2019 || iam_marwa
KIGALI RWANDA DAY 1|| iam_marwa
04:21:55
KIGALI RWANDA DAY 1|| iam_marwa
Rwanda's hospitality is the best ever: OSITA & CHINEDU
07:08:26
Rwanda's hospitality is the best ever: OSITA & CHINEDU
KARABAYE || Nkurunziza yiyemeje guhangana n'akarwi ko mu Rwanda
12:58:53
KARABAYE || Nkurunziza yiyemeje guhangana n'akarwi ko mu Rwanda
Rwandan Genocide - The slaughter of 800,000 people
01:07:09
Rwandan Genocide - The slaughter of 800,000 people
Nkurunziza ntagitinya U Rwanda || Igisasu kizamuhitana yamenye aho kibitse
08:22:11
Nkurunziza ntagitinya U Rwanda || Igisasu kizamuhitana yamenye aho kibitse
Rwanda’s Capital is Attracting Tourists
14:53:20
Rwanda’s Capital is Attracting Tourists
U Rwanda rurarengana || ABARUNDI BIVUYEMO NK'INOPFU
13:31:55
U Rwanda rurarengana || ABARUNDI BIVUYEMO NK'INOPFU
 

Rwanda Images

File:Rwanda in Africa (special marker).svg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Rwanda in Africa (special marker).svg - Wikimedia Commons
UMN News: Life saver of Rwanda | MinnPost
UMN News: Life saver of Rwanda | MinnPost
Business Procedures in Rwanda
Business Procedures in Rwanda
Buff-spotted flufftail - Wikipedia
Buff-spotted flufftail - Wikipedia
Kigali — Wikipédia
Kigali — Wikipédia
Swaziland & South Africa — robinsimon.com
Swaziland & South Africa — robinsimon.com
Uvira:D.R.Congo:World Travel Gallery
Uvira:D.R.Congo:World Travel Gallery
Paysages du Rwanda - Album photos - Le pays des mille collines
Paysages du Rwanda - Album photos - Le pays des mille collines
Donaupark. Pictures. Africa. Congo.
Donaupark. Pictures. Africa. Congo.
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Balkan Travel
Bill's Excellent Adventures: Balkan Travel
 

Rwanda WebSites

 

Rwanda Wiki

Rwanda ( (listen); Kinyarwanda: U Rwanda [u.ɾɡwaː.nda] (listen)), officially the Republic of Rwanda (Kinyarwanda: Repubulika y'u Rwanda; Swahili: Jamhuri ya Rwanda; French: République du Rwanda), is a country in Central and East Africa and one of the smallest countries on the African mainland. Located a few degrees south of the Equator, Rwanda is bordered by Uganda, Tanzania, Burundi and the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Rwanda is in the African Great Lakes region and is highly elevated; its geography is dominated by mountains in the west and savanna to the east, with numerous lakes throughout the country. The climate is temperate to subtropical, with two rainy seasons and two dry seasons each year.The population is young and predominantly rural, with a density among the highest in Africa. Rwandans are drawn from just one cultural and linguistic group, the Banyarwanda, although within this group there are three subgroups: the Hutu, Tutsi and Twa. The Twa are a forest-dwelling pygmy people descended from Rwanda's earliest inhabitants. Scholars disagree on the origins of and differences between the Hutu and Tutsi; some believe differences are derived from former social castes within a single people, while others believe the Hutu and Tutsi arrived in the country separately, and from different locations. Christianity is the largest religion in the country; the principal language is Kinyarwanda, spoken by most Rwandans, with English and French serving as additional official languages. The sovereign state of Rwanda has a presidential system of government. The president is Paul Kagame of the Rwandan Patriotic Front (RPF), who took office in 2000. Rwanda today has low corruption compared with neighbouring countries, although human rights organisations report suppression of opposition groups, intimidation and restrictions on freedom of speech. The country has been governed by a strict administrative hierarchy since precolonial times; there are five provinces delineated by borders drawn in 2006. Rwanda is one of only two countries with a female majority in the national parliament.Hunter gatherers settled the territory in the stone and iron ages, followed later by Bantu peoples. The population coalesced first into clans and then into kingdoms. The Kingdom of Rwanda dominated from the mid-eighteenth century, with the Tutsi kings conquering others militarily, centralising power and later enacting anti-Hutu policies. Germany colonised Rwanda in 1884 as part of German East Africa, followed by Belgium, which invaded in 1916 during World War I. Both European nations ruled through the kings and perpetuated a pro-Tutsi policy. The Hutu population revolted in 1959. They massacred numerous Tutsi and ultimately established an independent, Hutu-dominated state in 1962. A 1973 military coup saw a change of leadership, but pro-Hutu policy remained. The Tutsi-led Rwandan Patriotic Front launched a civil war in 1990. The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi , both Hutus, died together when their aeroplane was shot down in April 1994. Social tensions erupted in the 1994 genocide, in which Hutu extremists killed an estimated 500,000 to 1 million Tutsi and moderate Hutu. The RPF ended the genocide with a military victory.Rwanda's economy suffered heavily in wake of the 1994 genocide, but has since strengthened. The economy is based mostly on subsistence agriculture. Coffee and tea are the major cash crops for export. Tourism is a fast-growing sector and is now the country's leading foreign exchange earner. Rwanda is one of only two countries in which mountain gorillas can be visited safely, and visitors pay high prices for gorilla tracking permits. Music and dance are an integral part of Rwandan culture, particularly drums and the highly choreographed intore dance. Traditional arts and crafts are produced throughout the country, including imigongo, a unique cow dung art.