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Poland NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Mon, 17 Dec 2018 20:19:08 GMTGoogle News
Poland honours victims of communist-era massacre  thenews.pl

Polish officials on Monday honoured the victims of a communist-era massacre of workers in the north of the country.

thenews.pl
How to avoid the middle-income trap: Lessons from Poland, a European Tiger  Brookings Institution

Poland is one of a handful of economies that have sustained high growth and graduated to high-income country status.

Brookings Institution
Takeaway from Poland: Climate success requires action by global leaders — including US president | TheHill  The Hill

The biggest takeaway from two weeks of climate negotiations in Poland is simple, if breathtaking: climate change is such a massive and existential issue that it ...

The Hill
Swimming: World championship bronze for Poland's Kawęcki  thenews.pl

Poland's Radosław Kawęcki has taken the bronze in the men's 200 m backstroke at the Swimming Short-Course World Championships in Hangzhou, China.

thenews.pl
UN climate conference 2018: leaders reached a deal, bolstering the Paris agreement  Vox.com

UPDATE, December 15: International climate change negotiators announced late Saturday that they have reached an agreement at COP24 in Poland. The text ...

Vox.com
Winter arrives with a vengeance in Poland  thenews.pl

Officials have warned of heavy snowfall on Sunday in four provinces in eastern and central-eastern Poland.

thenews.pl
2-Week Climate Conference In Poland Comes To A End  NPR

Among the attendees to this year's climate conference were several major corporations, which are increasingly committed to reducing the emissions of their own ...

NPR
Poland has become Europe's growth champion, but can this success continue?  EUROPP - European Politics and Policy

The Polish economy has become a key European success story, with the country recording high levels of growth since 1989 and making strides in 'catching up' ...

EUROPP - European Politics and Policy
EU weighs 'derogation' for Poland in bid to phase out coal  EURACTIV

Greens have lashed out at the European Commission for trying to pass an exemption from draft electricity market rules that would allow poorer countries like ...

EURACTIV
Poland's ruling conservatives strike strong pro-EU tone  WSFA

Poland's prime minister and other leaders of the ruling conservative party, long seen as euroskeptic, have set a strongly pro-European tone at a party ...

WSFA
Poland's deadly addiction to coal – in pictures | Environment  The Guardian

With COP24 climate talks taking place in Katowice this week, pressure grows on Poland to reduce its reliance on fossil fuels. But with 100000 coal-dependent ...

The Guardian
What to know about the big climate change meeting in Katowice, Poland  The Washington Post

Delegates from nearly 200 countries have assembled this month in Katowice, Poland — the heart of coal country — to try to move the ball forward on battling ...

The Washington Post
See you in Poland next week  TechCrunch

I'm heading back to Europe to hang out in Wroclaw and Warsaw, Poland. Are you ready? I'll be at a Wroclaw event, called In-Ference, which is happening on ...

TechCrunch
"Watered-down" climate agreement reached in Poland  Deutsche Welle

Optimists are hailing a climate agreement reached at the Poland climate conference, but skeptics fear it is far too reliant on voluntary cooperation and does ...

Deutsche Welle
Poland’s state-owned giants cope with unprecedented turnover  The Economist

FOR 17 YEARS the state-owned stud farm in Janow Podlaski in eastern Poland has hosted the “Pride of Poland” auction. In its heyday Arabian horses strutted ...

The Economist
Climate Politics Hypocrisy At COP24 In Poland  Forbes

Rebecca Hersher's story on NPR this morning about the COP24 meeting in Poland is illuminating about both climate politics and their shortcomings. When the ...

Forbes
UN experts warn of women's rights rollback in Poland  Pulse Nigeria

United Nations human rights experts on Thursday expressed concern over recent rollbacks of women's rights in Poland, especially those regarding reproductive ...

Pulse Nigeria
Bicycle Mayor For Katowice Appointed At Climate Change Summit In Poland  Forbes

A Bicycle Mayor has been appointed in Katowice, the southern Polish city hosting the UN's COP24 climate talks. Grzegorz Mikrut will aim to increase cycling in ...

Forbes
Poland grants asylum to Norwegian woman: report  thenews.pl

Poland has granted asylum to a Norwegian woman who fears officials in her home country would take her young child away, her lawyer has been cited as ...

thenews.pl
Let’s meet in Poland next week  TechCrunch

I'm heading back to Europe to run a pitch-off in Wroclaw and Warsaw, Poland. Are you ready? The Wroclaw event, called In-Ference, is happening on ...

TechCrunch
Playing Host to Climate Conference, Poland Promotes Coal  The New York Times

KATOWICE — As thousands of environmental experts from around the world arrived for a conference on climate change, hoping to find a way to stem the ...

The New York Times
COP24: Climate conference in the heart of Poland's coal country  CNN

The COP24 UN climate conference is being held in Katowice, Poland -- in the heart of one of Europe's biggest coal-producing regions.

CNN
Poland seeks top 100 national dishes  BBC News

Poland's agriculture ministry plans to publish a canon of the country's national cuisine.

BBC News
Poland climate summit protest limits anger young activists  BBC News

With 30 minute slots, allocated areas, volume limits and guidance on the wording of signs, protests inside the UN climate summit in Poland are strictly controlled.

BBC News
Poland says US ambassador's letter won't spoil good ties  WBRC

The Polish government says a letter from the U.S. ambassador that took it to task over its treatment of a U.S.-owned television station and misspelled the prime ...

WBRC
Poland reverses law on removing judges following EU court ruling  BBC News

Poland's governing party has moved to reinstate Supreme Court justices whom it had forced into early retirement. It follows last month's ruling by the European ...

BBC News
In Poland, pierogi and herring have their day in the sun  Haaretz

“Every country in this world has a national food that everyone knows,” wrote Dan Almagor in a moderately famous Hebrew tune, “The Falafel Song.” The ditty ...

Haaretz
Poland is intimidating our journalists: U.S.-owned Polish broadcaster  Reuters

WARSAW (Reuters) - U.S.-owned private Polish broadcaster TVN said it was facing intimidation after members of Poland's internal security agency entered a ...

Reuters
Why The Word OK Should Be Banned In Poland  Forbes

I once used the word 'OK' in a Polish store in circa 1994 as a default position in lieu of 'tak' or 'yes' when asked if that was all I wanted to buy. The line went quiet ...

Forbes
Will the Poland Climate Talks Lead to Action - or More Words?  Knowledge@Wharton

Strong language on climate change must translate into government policies and carbon pricing, experts say.

Knowledge@Wharton
Opposition Figure Says Bank Scandal Puts Poland's Ruling Party On Political Ropes  Forbes

Poland's ruling Law and Justice party came to power promising, like Mr Trump, to drain the swamp. But three years down the line, it, like its US friend, is in ...

Forbes
CEE MARKETS-Forint firms, Hungary/Poland yield spread widens  Reuters

year yield near 2-year low ahead of net CPI data * Czech annual industrial PPI picks up despite crude price fall By Sandor Peto BUDAPEST, Dec 17 (Reuters) ...

Reuters
Poland Requests U.S. Base To Guard Against Russian Aggression  NPR

The Polish government is asking the U.S. to open a military base in Poland as a counter balance to Russia. They've offered the U.S. up to $2 billion, as well as a ...

NPR
Coal is still king in Poland, where world leaders gather to confront ‘climate catastrophe’  The Washington Post

Encircled by mines, country delegates are discussing ambitious goals to reduce emissions.

The Washington Post
Poland’s fight with Brussels backfires  Financial Times

Warsaw has pulled back from plans to reshape the supreme court after pressure from the EU.

Financial Times
Newly found files show Poland's Wałęsa was informer for communists, says historian  thenews.pl

Newly unearthed documents are “further confirmation” that the co-founder of Poland's Solidarity movement and former president Lech Wałęsa was once an ...

thenews.pl
Chasing Copernicus in Poland  Scientific American

Did you know that Nicolaus Copernicus, the Renaissance astronomer who argued Earth and other planets orbit the sun, lived, worked and died in Poland?

Scientific American
Anti-Semitic graffiti found at Jewish cemetery in Poland  Arutz Sheva

Jewish cemetery in southern Poland vandalized with anti-Semitic graffiti referencing Holocaust.

Arutz Sheva
Poland's president, Jewish leaders light Hanukkah candles  KCBD

Polish President Andrzej Duda and Jewish community members have lit a menorah at the Presidential Palace to jointly mark Hanukkah.

KCBD
Poland's PMI falls again  thenews.pl

Poland's PMI was 50.4 points in October, down from a 23-month low of 50.5 points in September, public broadcaster Polish Radio's IAR news agency reported.

thenews.pl
Financial scandal loosens grip of Poland's ruling nationalists  Reuters

WARSAW (Reuters) - Poland's ruling nationalists were likely to survive a no-confidence vote in parliament launched on Friday, but have seen their grip on power ...

Reuters
At COP24, Poland Unveils a Declaration to Protect Its Forests  Pacific Standard

On Wednesday at the United Nations global climate summit, Poland launched a new declaration drawing attention to the important role of forests in achieving ...

Pacific Standard
Poland poised to postpone ban on GM feed  FeedNavigator.com

The Polish government look sets to postpone the impending ban on genetically modified (GM) livestock feed and GM derived feed ingredients through to ...

FeedNavigator.com
Donald Tusk, Russia and the plane crash that changed Poland  The Guardian

In 2010, a plane crash in Russia killed Poland's president and plunged its prime minister Donald Tusk into crisis. Agata Popęda and Daniel Boffey discuss how ...

The Guardian
Poland's 'Cold War' tops European Film Awards  DW (English)

Polish director Pawel Pawlikowski's black and white drama Cold War won the European Film Academy's top prize on Saturday. Lead actress Joanna Kulig was ...

DW (English)
Child sent flying after being run over by an SUV in Poland – but gets straight back up on her feet  Daily Mail

Dramatic CCTV footage shows the child running across a road in the town of Sulkowice, Poland, before a passing black Toyota RAV4 smashed into her.

Daily Mail
Solaris Receives Order For 21 Electric Buses In Poland  InsideEVs

Poland is one of the top electric bus markets in Europe and major local manufacturer, Solaris Bus & Coach, just received an order for another 21 EV buses.

InsideEVs
Social media makes a joke of Poland's ban on surveys near elections  The Economist

ALLOW ME TO quote the agri-food exchange prices at 18.00, obtained from a number of independent producers,” began one tweet. “Tomatoes [up to] 33.7 ...

The Economist
From Pole to Pole: The Rise and Fall of Liberal Poland  The American Interest

In June 2004, O'Connell Street, Dublin's main thoroughfare, spoke Polish. Or so it seemed, anyway, to me and the many other Poles there looking for a place to ...

The American Interest
Poland woman is cancer free after participating in clinical trial  WKBN.com

Keenan, the first CAR T-cell patient at University Hospitals, received shocking news only 30 days after beginning the treatment.

WKBN.com
All Is Not Lost for Poland's Troubled Corporate Bond Market  Bloomberg

Investors from Canada and Asia may offer a much-needed relief for Poland's fledgling corporate bond market, hammered by the country's largest corporate ...

Bloomberg
Poland saved Europe from ACTA: can they save us from ACTA2?  EFF

Six years ago, Polish activists flooded the streets to oppose ACTA, an incredibly damaging, secretly negotiated Internet treaty hatched in the US to push both ...

EFF
Climate justice clashes with an increasingly intolerant Poland  Amnesty International

This weekend world leaders arrive in the Polish city of Katowice for the COP24 climate summit, where they will set out plans for implementing the Paris Climate ...

Amnesty International
Poland's air pollution worst in Europe: auditors  thenews.pl

The head of Poland's central audit office (NIK), Krzysztof Kwiatkowski, has said Poland has the worst air quality in Europe, Poland's PAP news agency reported.

thenews.pl
Political divisions cloud Poland climate talks  RTE.ie

Divisions within Europe and tension between the United States and China pose major challenges to the next round of United Nations talks on climate change.

RTE.ie
Pole hurt in Strasbourg attack dies: report  thenews.pl

A Polish man injured in a gun attack on a Christmas market in the French city of Strasbourg has died in hospital, according to a report.

thenews.pl
Court orders surrender of man to Poland despite issues  RTE.ie

The High Court has ordered the surrender of a Polish man to face trial in his native country despite finding "generalised and systemic" violations to the ...

RTE.ie
Imperial borders still shape politics in Poland and Romania  The Economist

EARLIER THIS month Poland celebrated the 100th anniversary of its re-establishment as a sovereign country. From 1795 to 1918, Russia, Austria (later ...

The Economist
Poland to deploy four F-16C/D Block 52+ fighter planes to Lithuania  defence-blog.com

The Polish Air Force will deploy four F-16C/D Block 52+ supersonic multirole fighter jets to Lithuania. The Polish Air Force is preparing to deploy four F-16C/D ...

defence-blog.com
Smothered by smog, activists are urging Poland to reconsider coal  PRI

Coal smog can make many poles feel like they're living in the 19th century. Now a growing grassroots movement is pushing local and national governments to ...

PRI
Nearly 200 Countries Meet In Poland To Participate In Climate Conference  NPR

The world's nations meet in Poland this week to continue negotiations on how to slow climate change as recent research and extreme weather reveal that ...

NPR
A journey underground into one of Poland's working mines  BBC News

As Poland hosts COP24 in nearby Katowice, David Shukman journeys into the depths of a working mine.

BBC News
Warsaw's controversial new Holocaust museum to present 'Polish narrative'  Haaretz

Critics say the appointment of an Israeli, Daniel Blatman, as chief historian of the planned Warsaw Ghetto Museum provides a fig leaf for an attempt to distort ...

Haaretz
Suspicion of Putin Is Making Poland Some Useful Friends  Bloomberg

Relations between the Baltic states and Poland's nationalist government are blossoming thanks to a common enemy.

Bloomberg
EU foot-dragging puts rule of law at risk in Hungary, Poland  EUobserver

The European Commission president, Jean-Claude Juncker, has yet to be heard on the forced eviction of the Central European University from Budapest to ...

EUobserver
Hungary and Poland say no to LGBTIQ  POLITICO.eu

"A Europe that protects" is Austria's motto for its presidency of the Council of the EU. But it couldn't agree to protect everyone. Hungary and Poland on Thursday ...

POLITICO.eu
Ex-head of Poland’s financial regulator detained over bribe claim  Financial Times

Poland's CBA anti-corruption agency has detained the former head of the country's financial regulator so that he can face corruption charges, the agency said on ...

Financial Times
Video highlights Poland's eco-friendly efforts - National  thenews.pl

The foreign ministry in Warsaw has released a video ahead of next month's UN conference in Poland on climate change, highlighting the country's steps to cut ...

thenews.pl
Rugby player head-hunted by Poland's coach via Facebook  BBC News

Aron Ruminski's grandfather was born in Poland but was so traumatised by World War II he cut all ties.

BBC News
Poland's glittering Christmas creches win UNESCO status  Channel NewsAsia

Nativity scenes that are a centuries-old Christmas tradition in Poland's historic royal capital Krakow were granted UNESCO special status on ...

Channel NewsAsia
Ten-man Portugal keep Poland at bay  MARCA.com

With Portugal already through to the Final Four of the UEFA Nations League, there was little to play for other than pride on Tuesday night against Poland.

MARCA.com
Greenpeace protests ahead of Poland climate summit  News24

Greenpeace protestors scaled a massive chimney at Poland's Belchatow coal-fired power plant as one of Europe's largest polluters gears up to host the COP24 ...

News24
Mayor Bill Peduto representing U.S. mayors at climate conference in Poland  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Pittsburgh Mayor Bill Peduto will represent mayors from the United States on Monday when he speaks in Poland at the United Nations' annual conference on ...

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
Anti-Semitic graffiti found on gate of Jewish cemetery in Poland  The Times of Israel

Police in southern city of Czestochowa open investigation after vandals again target graveyard with racist inscriptions.

The Times of Israel
Poland expects first nuclear power plant to start in 2033  Reuters

WARSAW (Reuters) - Poland's first nuclear power plant is expected to start operating in 2033 - if the project gets a green light from the government, the Energy ...

Reuters
Poland reverses Supreme Court reforms after EU criticism  Euronews English

A legislative amendment to reverse Supreme Court reforms has been passed in Poland's Parliament after it was put through by the ruling Law and Justice party ...

Euronews English
Poland rows back on controversial Supreme Court law  POLITICO.eu

The Law and Justice party will comply with an ECJ ruling.

POLITICO.eu
Poland Pledges Liquidity for Troubled Banks as Stocks Steady  Bloomberg

Poland's finance minister and central bank chief pledged to provide liquidity and support for two lenders at the center of a corruption scandal, helping shore up ...

Bloomberg
Player of the Game: Poland's Sarah Bury  WKBN.com

POLAND, Ohio (WKBN) - Saturday's Player of the Game for one of the United Way Holiday Basketball Classic matches was Poland's Sarah Bury.

WKBN.com
The families returning to Poland as Brexit approaches  Channel 4 News

The Polish Prime Minister told us tonight he wanted Poles living in the UK to come back home, where there's full employment and an economic boom.

Channel 4 News
Canfield holds off Poland's surge  Youngstown Vindicator

Cards rebounded from Friday's loss. By Greg Gulas · sports@vindy.com. POLAND. Like the old Esther Phillips song “What a Difference a Day Makes” says, the ...

Youngstown Vindicator
Activist: Poland's 'just transition' declaration is just posturing  EURACTIV

The just transition declaration adopted at the COP24 in Poland sounds good but it is not connected to any kind of climate ambition or specific energy projects ...

EURACTIV
Poland's Lech Walesa wears protest T-shirt to Bush funeral  Live 5 News WCSC

Poland's former president and democracy icon Lech Walesa wears T-shirt that is symbol of political protest in his homeland.

Live 5 News WCSC
Poland increasingly deporting activists from COP24  EURACTIV

Poland has already deported 14 people from Central Europe since the beginning of COP24, including two members of the Georgian delegation. Many NGOs are ...

EURACTIV
Here's how Poland could return to the EU fold  Irish Examiner

Poland's ruling Law and Justice (PiS) party has finally taken steps to comply with a European Court of Justice (ECJ) decree ordering it to reverse some of the ...

Irish Examiner
Poland would join any moves to step up Russian sanctions over Ukraine: president  Reuters

SOFIA (Reuters) - Poland's president said on Tuesday Warsaw would join any international moves to step up sanctions on Russia, after Moscow opened fire on ...

Reuters
Israeli tourism booming in Poland despite Holocaust rhetoric  The Jerusalem Post - Israel News

I saw a young generation here that had no part in the Holocaust trying to build a normal, democratic country with many, many beautiful things despite its ...

The Jerusalem Post - Israel News
BBC World Service - Weekend, Climate Agreement Reached In Poland  BBC News

UN delegates agree to rules on implementing the Paris Accords.

BBC News
Suspected drugs trafficker seeks to appeal extradition to Poland  The Irish Times

Polish authorities are seeking surrender of Artur Celmer (31) who is wanted to face trial.

The Irish Times
Germanic Cemetery in Poland Investigated  Archaeology

GORZÓW COUNTY, POLAND—Science in Poland reports that a team of archaeologists led by Krzysztof Socha of the Kostrzyn Fortress Museum are ...

Archaeology
Poland's defense minister: Making the constant effort to strengthen defense  DefenseNews.com

In the coming year we intend to keep up all initiated projects and embark upon new endeavors aimed at making an influential contribution to the trans-Atlantic ...

DefenseNews.com
Holocaust researcher sues Polish group accusing him of 'slandering Poland's name'  Haaretz

A prominent Holocaust researcher said Friday he is suing a Polish organization for libel after it waged a public campaign last year accusing him of slandering ...

Haaretz
Watch: Poland vs. Canfield HS Basketball  WKBN.com

The United Way Holiday Basketball Classic was at Poland High School.

WKBN.com
Supermarket finds cocaine in bananas shipped to Poland  Independent Online

Grocery clerks in Poland have discovered bricks of cocaine hidden among bananas shipped from Ecuador to a local supermarket chain.

Independent Online
Climate conference host Poland plans to open new coal mine  Minneapolis Star Tribune

U.N. climate conference host Poland is planning to open a new coal mine next year as demand for energy grows.

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Press freedom group says reporters being harassed in Poland  WMC

WARSAW, Poland (AP) — A leading press freedom group is calling on Polish authorities to "end their harassment and attempts to intimidate independent ...

WMC
Portugal 1-1 Poland: Relegated Poles secure top-10 spot in Nations League  BBC Sport

Poland come from behind to draw with Portugal and ensure they will be in pot one for the Euro 2020 qualifying draw.

BBC Sport
Monument In Honor of the Slaughtered Animals – Wrocław, Poland  Atlas Obscura

Discover Monument In Honor of the Slaughtered Animals in Wrocław, Poland: In the center of Wrocław's old meat market stands a somber tribute to the city's ...

Atlas Obscura
Beating a ‘tactical retreat’ over judges is just the eye of the storm. What next for Poland? | View  Euronews English

Poland has, for the last three years, been the subject of strong criticism from EU leaders. The main bone of contention has the been the Polish government's ...

Euronews English
Poland's ruling conservatives maintain lead: survey - National  thenews.pl

Poland's ruling conservative Law and Justice party (PiS) is backed by 38.2 percent of voters, according to a new poll.

thenews.pl
 

Poland Videos

The 100 Year March: A Philosopher in Poland
23:58:42
The 100 Year March: A Philosopher in Poland
POLAND, how is it getting RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
18:30:00
POLAND, how is it getting RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
15 Things You Didn't Know About Poland
12:59:05
15 Things You Didn't Know About Poland
पोलैंड अकेली महिलाओं के देश // Poland Amazing Facts in Hindi
13:33:11
पोलैंड अकेली महिलाओं के देश // Poland Amazing Facts in Hindi
POLAND FACTS IN HINDI | सिंगल लड़कियों का देश || POLAND INFORMATION IN HINDI || POLAND GIRLS
14:30:01
POLAND FACTS IN HINDI | सिंगल लड़कियों का देश || POLAND INFORMATION IN HINDI || POLAND GIRLS
Poland is pushing the EU into crisis
12:00:03
Poland is pushing the EU into crisis
Q & A - YouTube Career, Moving to Poland, Emotional Journals #2 ♡ Maremi's Small Art ♡
23:53:45
Q & A - YouTube Career, Moving to Poland, Emotional Journals #2 ♡ Maremi's Small Art ♡
পোল্যান্ড | Amazing Facts about Poland in Bangali
08:26:12
পোল্যান্ড | Amazing Facts about Poland in Bangali
Kraków, Poland
18:11:17
Kraków, Poland
How did the Soviets Lose to Poland? (1919-1921) | Animated History
17:00:04
How did the Soviets Lose to Poland? (1919-1921) | Animated History
 

Poland Images

File:Gmina Barczewo, Poland - panoramio.jpg - Wikimedia ...
File:Gmina Barczewo, Poland - panoramio.jpg - Wikimedia ...
File:Rzeszów, ratusz, XVII, 1897-1900 danz 001.jpg ...
File:Rzeszów, ratusz, XVII, 1897-1900 danz 001.jpg ...
Zakopane Poland | Krakow Things To Do
Zakopane Poland | Krakow Things To Do
File:Pinus rigida cone Poland.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Pinus rigida cone Poland.jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Polish girl Dagmara Przybysz found dead at Cornwall school ...
Polish girl Dagmara Przybysz found dead at Cornwall school ...
There shall be light - Light Move Festival 2015 in Łódz ...
There shall be light - Light Move Festival 2015 in Łódz ...
Stawa Młyny - Wikipedia
Stawa Młyny - Wikipedia
Ostrów Tumski
Ostrów Tumski
Navagio Beach, Zakynthos island, Greece | Unusual Places
Navagio Beach, Zakynthos island, Greece | Unusual Places
Szczecin : Lody Marczak
Szczecin : Lody Marczak
 

Poland WebSites

 

Poland Wiki

Poland (Polish: Polska [ˈpɔlska] (listen)), officially the Republic of Poland (Polish: Rzeczpospolita Polska [ʐɛt͡ʂpɔˈspɔlita ˈpɔlska] (listen)), is a country located in Central Europe. It is divided into 16 administrative subdivisions, covering an area of 312,696 square kilometres (120,733 sq mi), and has a largely temperate seasonal climate. With a population of approximately 38.5 million people, Poland is the sixth most populous member state of the European Union. Poland's capital and largest metropolis is Warsaw. Other major cities include Kraków, Łódź, Wrocław, Poznań, Gdańsk and Szczecin.The establishment of the Polish state can be traced back to A.D. 966, when Mieszko I, ruler of the realm coextensive with the territory of present-day Poland, converted to Christianity. The Kingdom of Poland was founded in 1025, and in 1569 it cemented its longstanding political association with the Grand Duchy of Lithuania by signing the Union of Lublin. This union formed the Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth, one of the largest (about 1 million km2) and most populous countries of 16th- and 17th-century Europe, with a uniquely liberal political system which adopted Europe's first written national constitution, the Constitution of 3 May 1791.More than a century after the Partitions of Poland at the end of the 18th century, Poland regained its independence in 1918 with the Treaty of Versailles. In September 1939, World War II started with the invasion of Poland by Germany, followed by the Soviet Union invading Poland in accordance with the Molotov–Ribbentrop Pact. More than six million Polish citizens perished in the war. In 1947, the Polish People's Republic was established as a satellite state under Soviet influence. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1989, most notably through the emergence of the Solidarity movement, the sovereign state of Poland reestablished itself as a presidential democratic republic.Poland is a developed market and regional power. It has the eighth largest and one of the most dynamic economies in the European Union, simultaneously achieving a very high rank on the Human Development Index. Additionally, the Polish Stock Exchange in Warsaw is the largest and most important in Central Europe. Poland is a developed country, which maintains a high-income economy along with very high standards of living, life quality, safety, education and economic freedom. Poland has a developed school educational system. The country provides free university education, state-funded social security and a universal health care system for all citizens. Poland has 15 UNESCO World Heritage Sites, 14 of which are cultural. Poland is a member state of the European Union, the Schengen Area, the United Nations, NATO, the OECD, the Three Seas Initiative, and the Visegrád Group.