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Nicaragua NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 17:24:19 GMTGoogle News
US Should Slap Magnitsky Sanctions on Ortega Regime in Nicaragua  The American Interest

As Nicaragua's crackdown on protestors enters a decisive phase, U.S. policy should aim to deepen the rift between the ruling couple and push for early elections ...

The American Interest
Nicaraguan Supreme Court Justice Slams His Former Ally, President Ortega  The New York Times

The resignation of Rafael Solis, an ally of President Daniel Ortega since the 1970s, is seen as the highest-profile defection in Nicaragua's political crisis.

The New York Times
The Escalating Attack On Press Freedoms In Nicaragua  NPR

NPR's Scott Simon talks to Confidencial editor Carlos Fernando Chamorro about the Nicaraguan government's brutal crackdown on press freedoms.

Nicaragua closer to new civil war than ever before, judge warns  The Guardian

Supreme court judge Rafael Solís accused Daniel Ortega of transforming country into a 'state of terror' in a resignation letter.

The Guardian
23,000 Nicaraguans Have Fled to Costa Rica. 50 Fugitives Are Hiding Here.  The New York Times

At a secret safe house, protesters wanted by the Nicaraguan government hope their exile is brief. All want to return and renew their uprising against President ...

The New York Times
In Nicaragua, Ortega Was on the Ropes. Now, He Has Protesters on the Run.  The New York Times

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — A life on the run was not one any of these Nicaraguans ever intended. But many people in this desperately poor Central American ...

The New York Times
With journalists jailed and activists in hiding, Nicaragua enters a new ‘reign of fear’  The Washington Post

President Daniel Ortega has shut down civic groups and news organizations critical of his government.

The Washington Post
Nicaragua’s dangerous new attacks on the press  The Washington Post

DANIEL ORTEGA, Nicaragua's authoritarian president, is an old hand at repression, having first used it to self-serving effect in the 1980s as the firebrand ...

The Washington Post
Journalism in Nicaragua Under Siege  Inter Press Service

Presentation of the Pedro Joaquín Chamorro Prize for Excellence in Journalism by the Violeta Barrios de Chamorro Foundation on Jan. 9 in Managua, where a ...

Inter Press Service
Police storm TV station in Nicaragua and arrest owner for instigating hate  CNN

Nicaraguan police shut down operations at a major TV network and arrested the owner, accusing him of instigating hate and violence in the country, officials ...

Nicaragua accuses U.S. of financing international coup as OAS considers punishment  McClatchy Washington Bureau

The Nicaraguan Foreign Minister accused the United States of financing an attempted coup d'etat against the Ortega government as OAS threatens to suspend ...

McClatchy Washington Bureau
Nicaraguan Supreme Court Justice Slams Ortega's 'State Of Terror'  WLRN

For the second time in a week, a Latin American Supreme Court justice has denounced a left-wing authoritarian president. This time the country is Nicaragua.

Journalists Demand Nicaragua Stop Attacking Reporters  NPR

Worldwide journalism groups are demanding that the government of Nicaraguan President Daniel Ortega stop its attacks on journalists. Costa Rica wants an ...

Nicaragua: The other revolution betrayed  CADTM.org

The violent repression against demonstrators protesting brutal neoliberal policies, which resulted in more than 300 people being killed by regime (...)

Nicaraguan children in Miami still feel Ortega's reign of terror  WPLG Local 10

When Miami Police Department officers arrived to follow a group of Nicaraguans who were marching Tuesday afternoon around Miami's Brickell neighborhood, ...

WPLG Local 10
Universities 'held hostage' in Nicaragua's political crisis  Science Magazine

Intensifying oppression by President Daniel Ortega paralyzes higher education and research.

Science Magazine
Article in the New York Times Assures Nicaraguan Fugitives are Hiding in Safe Houses in Costa Rica  The Costa Rica Star

An article published recently by the New York Times titled ¨23,000 Nicaraguans Have Fled to Costa Rica. 50 Fugitives Are Hiding Here¨ caused Costa Rican ...

The Costa Rica Star
Nicaraguan cartoonist resists government crackdown through art  Aljazeera.com

Al Jazeera meets the Nicaraguan cartoonist who is challenging the government crackdown through his art.

One of Nicaragua's Most Wanted Refugees Plots His Comeback  OZY

Luis Sandino is at the vanguard of Nicaraguan refugees organizing against the regime from Costa Rica.

Nicaragua needs 'courageous' bishops to resolve political crisis  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

The relationship between the Catholic church in Nicaragua and the government is a complicated one, but the bishops have a leading role to play in resolving the ...

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Nicaragua pushes to silence critics amid US sanctions threat  Aljazeera.com

A tense calm returns to Nicaragua, but the anger that sparked months of protests is still hanging in the air.

Nicaraguan-Costa Rican journalist Lucía Pineda jailed and accused of inciting terrorism in Nicaragua  The Tico Times

Lucía Pineda, news director at the now-closed 100% Noticias in Nicaragua has been accused and arrested on terrorism charges against Daniel Ortega's ...

The Tico Times
Will Russia Save Ortega in Nicaragua?  Havana Times

By Circles Robinson. Daniel Ortega receives a medal from the Communist Party of the Russian Federation for “his great contribution to international relations ...

Havana Times
Political upheaval in Nicaragua leaves scientists under siege  Nature.com

Government's response to the protests has led to funding cuts for universities and the firing of faculty members.

Nicaragua expels outside experts probing protest deaths  Seattle Times

MANAGUA, Nicaragua (AP) — Nicaragua announced Wednesday that it was expelling international experts investigating allegations of human rights abuses by ...

Seattle Times
New ‘reign of fear’ rising in Nicaragua  Toronto Star

MANAGUA, NICARAGUA—Reporters for an online news site are writing their stories in secret locations. Editors of the country's only 24-hour news network have ...

Toronto Star
Nicaragua: The First Significant Crack in Ortega's Inner Circle  Havana Times

Rafael Solis at the National Assembly during the last time he was sworn-in on the Nicaraguan Supreme Court. File photo: Carlos Herrera / Confidencial.

Havana Times
Marines withdraw from Nicaragua, Jan. 2, 1933  Politico

Beginning in 1904, President Theodore Roosevelt framed a “Big Stick” policy to advance U.S. interests and to restrict European influence in the Americas.

Brazil's new President gives Nicaragua the cold shoulder  Vatican News

No Nicaraguan Representative is invited to the January 1st Inauguration of Brazil`s inkling President Jair Bolsonaro. James Blears reports why the ...

Vatican News
Nicaragua: Zero Tolerance for Scrutiny  Human Rights Watch

The government of President Daniel Ortega is doubling down in its effort to silence dissent.

Human Rights Watch
OAS Seeks to Activate Democratic Charter on Nicaragua  Voice of America

Costa Rica said Saturday it has received a request from the head of the Organization of American States to activate a process of invoking the Inter-American ...

Voice of America
UN rights chief urges Nicaragua to stop intimidation of media  JURIST

UN High Commissioner for Human Rights Michelle Bachelet on Saturday urged the government of Nicaragua to stop intimidation and harassment against civil ...

Nicaragua village unrecognizable to visiting Iowan, and that's a good thing  Des Moines Register

Los Angeles, Nicaragua — Thomas Wolfe wrote: “You can't go home again.” I proved him wrong last month when I returned to Los Angeles, the rural ...

Des Moines Register
In Brazil and Nicaragua, Church faces 'back to the future' dilemma  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

In both Brazil and Nicaragua, the Catholic Church faces chronic tensions with their respective governments.

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
International journalists condemn growing attacks on press freedom in Nicaragua  Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas

From Mexico to the United States, France to Slovenia, Australia to Zambia, 244 international journalists signed a letter addressed to the president of Nicaragua ...

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas
Nicaragua: New attacks against democratic freedoms  CADTM.org

The 12 th December, in continuation of the policy of suppression of any criticism against the Ortega-Murillo government, a majority of members of the National ...

Former Latin American leaders criticize pope's comments on Nicaragua, Venezuela  Catholic News Agency

Twenty former heads of state and government from Latin America have written a letter to Pope Francis finding fault with the wording of his Christmas blessing for ...

Catholic News Agency
Fearing for their lives, 60,000 people have fled Nicaragua  Boing Boing

Hundreds of Nicaraguans who took to the streets over the last eight months to protest President Daniel Ortega's corrupt government have been forced into hiding ...

Boing Boing
Honduran president during US-funded ‘Contra’ war on Nicaragua dies  The Tico Times

Roberto Suazo Cordova, president of Honduras during the US-financed “Contra” war against Nicaragua in the 1980s, died on Saturday, officials said. Suazo ...

The Tico Times
Nicaragua Suffers Worst Slump in 30 Years Amid Ortega Crackdown  Bloomberg

Nicaragua is suffering its deepest slump since the 1980s as political violence and a government crackdown frighten off investors and tourists.

A Q&A With Nicaraguan Student Activists Jeancarlo López and Lesther Alemán  The Nation.

After participating in the April 2018 protests against the Nicaraguan government, they have become internationally known political activists.

The Nation.
As Nicaragua Slides Deeper Into Dictatorship, Other Nations Grow Alarmed  PassBlue

In a rebuke to President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua on Dec. 21, governments of 14 democratic nations in Europe, the United States, Chile and Australia ...

Pompeo, Brazil's new government target Cuba, Venezuela, Nicaragua  Reuters

U.S. Secretary of State Mike Pompeo discussed supporting a return to democracy in Venezuela, Cuba and Nicaragua with Brazil's new right-wing government ...

BBC World Service - Newshour, Nicaragua journalist: Police ransacked my newsroom  BBC News

One of Nicaragua's top journalists, Carlos Fernando Chamorro, has accused the government of being behind a police raid on the Confidencial news website.

BBC News
The female park rangers protecting turtles from traffickers in Nicaragua  Mongabay.com

The lights draw uncertain lines under the blanket of stars that joins the sea to the sky at El Ostional Beach in southern Nicaragua, 30 kilometers (19 miles) from ...

Torrington optometrists’ mission trip to Nicaragua stopped by civil unrest  Torrington Register Citizen

TORRINGTON — For the Blondin-Shea Eye Care office in Torrington, the post-holiday period has long been a busy, even hectic time of year. For the last 19 ...

Torrington Register Citizen
As Others See It: Nicaragua's dangerous new attacks on the press  Pittsburgh Post-Gazette

Daniel Ortega, Nicaragua's authoritarian president, is an old hand at repression, having first used it to self-serving effect in the 1980s as the firebrand ...

Pittsburgh Post-Gazette
'They Called Us Terrorists': The Nicaraguan Students Fighting Government Oppression  The University Times

Once considered the safest country in Central America, life in Nicaragua today is now a far cry from this bygone reality. Since April, the country has been in a ...

The University Times
On Christmas, Nicaraguan bishop reiterates calls for dialogue  Crux: Covering all things Catholic

Managua Auxiliary Bishop Silvio Jose Baez reiterated his calls for dialogue and respecting human dignity in Nicaragua, where the president has crushed ...

Crux: Covering all things Catholic
Victor-Farmington Rotary organizing Nicaragua water project  Monroe County Post

The Victor-Farmington Rotary Club first started doing humanitarian global grant work in Nicaragua in 2007. Since that time, three global grant projects are ...

Monroe County Post
IACHR grants precautionary measures to Nicaraguan journalist and director of 100% Noticias  Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas

The Inter American Commission on Human Rights (IACHR) granted precautionary measures to journalists from a news outlet that has been targeted by the ...

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas
Trump Helps Ortega by Deporting Nicaraguan Activists  Havana Times

At least 20 Nicaraguans seeking asylum were deported from the US and are now missing. The fear of the relatives of the Nicaraguans who were denied political ...

Havana Times
Nicaragua on the Tip of Crisis and Danger  Havana Times

There is nothing to discuss or negotiate. By Henry Petrie (Nuevas Miradas). HAVANA TIMES – From a very young age, I understood the meaning of struggling ...

Havana Times
OAS Permanent Council Calls 12/27 Special Session on Nicaragua  Havana Times

The meeting is set for 9 a.m. Nicaragua time, (10:00 ET) and was requested by Argentina, Brazil, Chile, Colombia, Peru, Canada and the United States.

Havana Times
The Fate of Nicaragua's Ortega in a Region on Fire  Havana Times

US Pragmatism takes a turn from tolerance, towards identifying Nicaragua as a problem that can fuel the fire of the region. By Jose Luis Rocha (Confidencial).

Havana Times
Nicaraguans flee to US as violence escalates in their country  KABC-TV

There is hardship all over the world, but one place in particular that is now getting increased attention from the U.S. government is the frightening violence in ...

Other voices: Nicaragua’s dangerous new attacks on civil society  St. Paul Pioneer Press

WASHINGTON, D.C. — Daniel Ortega, Nicaragua's authoritarian president, is an old hand at repression, having first used it to self-serving effect in the 1980s as ...

St. Paul Pioneer Press
Nicaraguan journalists jailed incommunicado as Ortega government continues targeting of independent media  Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas

By Teresa Mioli and Silvia Higuera. It has been thirteen days since two independent Nicaraguan journalists were arrested as police entered the TV station where ...

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas
Nicaragua in Crisis: What to Know  Council on Foreign Relations

Political and economic unrest in Nicaragua could stoke the flames in a region where insecurity has forced tens of thousands to flee in recent years.

Council on Foreign Relations
Lawmakers block NGOs critical of President Ortega from operating in Nicaragua  NBCNews.com

MANAGUA — Nicaraguan lawmakers on Thursday blocked five non-governmental organizations (NGOs) that had been critical of President Daniel Ortega from ...

US Sanctions Nicaragua's First Lady, Aide Over Crackdown  TIME

The Trump administration added the first lady of Nicaragua and an aide to a sanctions list in response to the country's political crisis.

‘I will continue to fight’: How Nicaraguan students are leading the push to oust Ortega  The Washington Post

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — Hector Saballos, a member of the underground student movement here, sits at a table in a safe house planning how to deliver rice, ...

The Washington Post
U.N. Sounds Alarm on Repression in Nicaragua  The New York Times

Extrajudicial killings, rape, torture and disappearances have created a climate of fear, leading thousands to flee the country, investigators say.

The New York Times
‘There’s No Law’: Political Crisis Sends Nicaraguans Fleeing  The New York Times

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — There is always a line outside the main passport office, often with several hundred people or more clutching documents and manila ...

The New York Times
Rights group: At least 10 shot dead in Nicaragua violence  USA TODAY

MANAGUA, Nicaragua – A Nicaraguan rights group says at least 10 people were shot dead as police and paramilitary groups attacked roadblocks set up by ...

‘They took my humanity’: Pro-government paramilitaries terrorize Nicaraguan protesters  The Washington Post

About 600 people have been captured by armed groups and have gone missing, according to one human rights group.

The Washington Post
What is happening in Nicaragua  The Economist

DANIEL ORTEGA, the president of Nicaragua, was once lauded for ending over four decades of rule by the dictatorial Somoza family. Back in 1979 he was ...

The Economist
Nicaragua Expels United Nations Team After Report Critical Of The Government  NPR

Nicaragua has kicked out a human rights team from the United Nations, just two days after it published a report detailing repression, torture and abuse of ...

‘They are shooting at a church’: Inside the 15-hour siege by Nicaraguan paramilitaries on university students  The Washington Post

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — The first student I met outside the Church of the Divine Mercy had a *fresh* bullet hole in his lower back. “It's ugly in there,” he said.

The Washington Post
Nicaragua: Revolution and restoration  Brookings Institution

Richard Feinberg outlines Nicaragua's history of civil strife and explains how the country might be able to escape from its latest crisis, brought about by a ...

Brookings Institution
Nicaragua strike brings country to standstill as crisis continues  The Guardian

Shops, banks and businesses across Nicaragua stayed closed on Friday in the latest 24-hour strike called by opposition leaders since protests against the ...

The Guardian
Cathedral protests highlight Ortega's broken alliance with Nicaraguan church  The Guardian

Catholic church has provided sanctuary since the earliest days of the uprising in the country, in which hundreds have been killed.

The Guardian
Nicaragua frees protesters after international outcry  BBC News

The Nicaraguan government has released 30 people who were detained during anti-government protests on Sunday. Their arrests gave rise to criticism from ...

BBC News
Prince Of Salsa Takes On President Of Nicaragua With Protest Anthem 'Mordaza'  WLRN

The U.S. just slapped heavier economic sanctions on the Nicaraguan government for its violent repression of protesters. Among the Nicaraguans denouncing.

Nicaragua crisis: The people caught in the middle  BBC News

Nicaragua is in crisis. During five months of anti-government protest and the government crackdown that followed, hundreds of people have been killed.

BBC News
From rebel to strongman: How Daniel Ortega became the thing he fought against  The Washington Post

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — Daniel Ortega was a young, victorious revolutionary in olive fatigues and oversize glasses when Jimmy Carter welcomed him to the ...

The Washington Post
Acid attack on Nicaragua priest during confession  BBC News

Mario Guevara had just finished hearing confession when a woman threw acid in his face.

BBC News
Nicaragua Slashes Budget Because of Unrest  VOA News

Lawmakers adopt a 9.2 percent reduction of the 2018 budget, projecting $180 million less in spending to partly make up for a drop of $220 million in government ...

VOA News
‘¡Las Sandinistas!’ Review: Women Remember Revolution in Nicaragua  The New York Times

In focusing on the testimonies of women, the documentary aims to memorialize an overlooked feminist “revolution inside the revolution.”

The New York Times
Nicaraguan Migrants Fleeing Turmoil Test Costa Rica’s Good Will  New York Times

Tens of thousands are seeking asylum, shelter and work, posing a challenge to the government and society of Nicaragua's neighbor to the south.

New York Times
The Unraveling of Nicaragua  The Atlantic

Amid the mass protests against the Ortega regime, the country is showing signs of democratic renewal.

The Atlantic
Nicaragua crisis: Families march for 'political prisoners'  BBC News

Families of activists jailed during Nicaragua's anti-government protests have marched in the capital, Managua, to demand their release. Human rights groups ...

BBC News
House OK’s bill to impose sanctions against Nicaraguan officials who violate human rights  USA TODAY

WASHINGTON – The House has sent President Donald Trump a bill that would approve new sanctions against the government of Nicaragua in response to a ...

Nicaragua Clergy, Siding With Protesters, Becomes ‘Terrible Enemy’ of Ortega  The New York Times

The government “has declared war on the church,” said one opposition member. President Daniel Ortega responded that leaders in the church are part of the ...

The New York Times
They fled violence in Nicaragua by the thousands. What awaits them in Costa Rica?  The Washington Post

SAN JOSE, Costa Rica — In a tree-shaded downtown plaza, in Central America's most peaceful nation, few could have predicted the angry mob. Hundreds of ...

The Washington Post
Two Americans caught up in Nicaragua's violent crackdown on opposition  ABC News

An American citizen and her husband, a U.S. lawful permanent resident, were arrested in Nicaragua on Sunday, their family and national police say, amid a ...

ABC News
Nicaragua deports reporter who covered anti-Ortega protests  The Guardian

Austrian-American Carl David Goette-Luciak had reported on unrest since April.

The Guardian
Nicaragua crisis: '38 killed in bloodiest day' - NGO  BBC News

Sunday was the deadliest day in Nicaragua since a wave of anti-government protests started in April, a local human rights group says. According to the ...

BBC News
U.S. compares Nicaragua to Syria, warns of potential regional crisis  Reuters

(Reuters) - The United States on Wednesday declared Nicaragua's civil unrest a threat to the region's security, saying government repression of protests risked ...

Migrant money could be keeping Nicaragua’s uprising alive  PRI

Migrants do not just change their home countries financially. They also influence the way local residents think.

In Nicaragua, a ‘town of fighters’ is at the heart of an intensifying crisis  Washington Post

MASAYA, Nicaragua — In 1979, this city was at the heart of a revolution that brought President Daniel Ortega's party to power. But this past week, ordinary ...

Washington Post
Nicaragua's 'House of Cards' stars another corrupt and powerful couple  The Herald-Sun

Nicaragua is a political stage where a real-life “House of Cards” is now in its second season. President Daniel Ortega and his wife and partner in crime, Vice ...

The Herald-Sun
‘The people lost their fear’: How Nicaragua’s new revolution took shape  The Washington Post

Daniel Ortega faces the biggest challenge to his long rule in the Central American nation.

The Washington Post
Complicating the Narrative on Nicaragua  NACLA

Recent news coverage of the crisis in Nicaragua has sought to simplify a complex reality. The prevailing coverage lays the blame for the conflict on Nicaraguan ...

After months of protests, Nicaragua's government says life has 'normalized.' Many citizens say life is far from normal.  CNN

Since April, the Central American nation of Nicaragua has been a country in turmoil.

With Death in Streets, Nicaragua Cancels Social Security Revamp  The New York Times

MANAGUA, Nicaragua — President Daniel Ortega of Nicaragua announced on Sunday that he was reversing a social security overhaul that had prompted days ...

The New York Times
Violence in Nicaragua Undermines Peace Talks 2 Months Into Uprising  The New York Times

President Daniel Ortega's government is continuing its bloody crackdown on opponents, dimming hopes for a negotiated settlement.

The New York Times
Nicaragua Clamping Down On Anti-Government Activity  NPR

More than two dozen protesters were arrested in the capital over the weekend. Authorities also pulled two human rights activists off a plane and detained one of ...

Nicaragua issues new warning to protesters  Financial Times

Government declares demonstrations illegal and vows to prevent more violence.

Financial Times
Why speaking out in Nicaragua is getting tough  BBC News

From encrypted messages with people in hiding, to clandestine meetings in secret locations - speaking openly in Nicaragua is becoming tough. The simple task ...

BBC News

Nicaragua Videos

Gobierno de Donald Trump analiza la expulsión de Nicaragua del Cafta, según medios estadounidenses
Gobierno de Donald Trump analiza la expulsión de Nicaragua del Cafta, según medios estadounidenses
The Aftermath Of Nicaragua's Protests Against Ortega (HBO)
The Aftermath Of Nicaragua's Protests Against Ortega (HBO)
No aplicar la Carta Democrática Interamericana: petición de Nicaragua a la OEA
No aplicar la Carta Democrática Interamericana: petición de Nicaragua a la OEA
The best Video of Nicaragua
The best Video of Nicaragua
Travel in Nicaragua
Travel in Nicaragua
“Están intentando un apagón informativo en Nicaragua para sostener al régimen”
“Están intentando un apagón informativo en Nicaragua para sostener al régimen”
Nicaragua - The Real Third World (Documentary)
Nicaragua - The Real Third World (Documentary)
Nicaragua en Portada
Nicaragua en Portada
Irán envía a Nicaragua un mensaje de solidaridad y paz para 2019
Irán envía a Nicaragua un mensaje de solidaridad y paz para 2019

Nicaragua Images

Cañon de Somoto. Nicaragua | Fotos tomadas en viaje al ...
Cañon de Somoto. Nicaragua | Fotos tomadas en viaje al ...
IMG_8340bikini | Nicaragua Bikini Open | Jorge Mejía ...
IMG_8340bikini | Nicaragua Bikini Open | Jorge Mejía ...
Nicaragua Summer 2010 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Nicaragua Summer 2010 | Flickr - Photo Sharing!
Nicaragua flag Footage | Stock Clips
Nicaragua flag Footage | Stock Clips
Yaoska, Nicaragua single girl Managua 28 years
Yaoska, Nicaragua single girl Managua 28 years
abhazia | Visa of the Republic of Abkhazia (recognized ...
abhazia | Visa of the Republic of Abkhazia (recognized ...
Mapa Físico de Nicaragua | Atlas Mundial (Tamaño: 3520x2935)
Mapa Físico de Nicaragua | Atlas Mundial (Tamaño: 3520x2935)
Yellow coconuts on the palm | A cluster of coconuts clings ...
Yellow coconuts on the palm | A cluster of coconuts clings ...
Presentacion de los Mapas Municipales
Presentacion de los Mapas Municipales
El Orfanato Custom Por Chussbe – dvd | Dx ESTRENOS NICARAGUA
El Orfanato Custom Por Chussbe – dvd | Dx ESTRENOS NICARAGUA

Nicaragua WebSites


Nicaragua Wiki

Nicaragua ( (listen); Spanish: [nikaˈɾaɣwa]), officially the Republic of Nicaragua (Spanish: República de Nicaragua ), is the largest country in the Central American isthmus, bordered by Honduras to the northwest, the Caribbean to the east, Costa Rica to the south, and the Pacific Ocean to the southwest. Managua is the country's capital and largest city and is also the third-largest city in Central America, behind Tegucigalpa and Guatemala City. The multi-ethnic population of six million includes people of indigenous, European, African, and Asian heritage. The main language is Spanish. Indigenous tribes on the Mosquito Coast speak their own languages and English.Originally inhabited by various indigenous cultures since ancient times, the Spanish Empire conquered the region in the 16th century. Nicaragua gained independence from Spain in 1821. The Mosquito Coast followed a different historical path, with the English colonizing it in the 17th century and later coming under the British rule, as well as some minor Spanish interludes in the 19th century. It became an autonomous territory of Nicaragua in 1860 and the northernmost part of it was later transferred to Honduras in 1960. Since its independence, Nicaragua has undergone periods of political unrest, dictatorship, occupation and fiscal crisis, leading to the Nicaraguan Revolution of the 1960s and 1970s and the Contra War of the 1980s.The mixture of cultural traditions has generated substantial diversity in folklore, cuisine, music, and literature, particularly the latter given the literary contributions of Nicaraguan poets and writers, such as Rubén Darío. Known as the "land of lakes and volcanoes", Nicaragua is also home to the second-largest rainforest of the Americas. The country has set a goal of 90% renewable energy by the year 2020. The biological diversity, warm tropical climate and active volcanoes make Nicaragua an increasingly popular tourist destination.