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Netherlands NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Fri, 15 Feb 2019 18:18:14 GMTGoogle News
Young scientist to fly SA's flag high in the Netherlands | The Star  Independent Online

Mbali Mahlayeye will participate in an information-sharing programme facilitated by the government of the Netherlands.

Independent Online
Conway re-hires in the Netherlands | Ben Rigby | Featured  CDR News Magazine

Dutch-American law firm Conway Advocaten & Attorneys-at-law, based in Rotterdam, recently welcomed back Stan Putter as a partner.

CDR News Magazine
Beware the Brexit Monster: Dutch Businesses Get a Furry Blue Warning  The New York Times

The Netherlands created the mascot as part of a set of business resources to avoid having “Brexit get in your way.”

The New York Times
Netherlands – Brunel Q4 revenue growth driven by Rest of World  Staffing Industry Analysts

Brunel, the Netherlands-based global energy staffing firm reported revenue grew by 17% on a like-for-like basis to €244.9 million in the fourth quarter of 2018 ...

Staffing Industry Analysts
Davis Cup: Great Britain drawn with Kazakhstan & Netherlands for Madrid finals  BBC Sport

Great Britain will play Kazakhstan and the Netherlands at the Davis Cup finals in Madrid in November.

BBC Sport
Van der Merwe, batsmen deliver second successive win for Netherlands  International Cricket Council

The Netherlands picked up their second successive victory in the Oman Quadrangular T20I series, acing a 167-run chase against the hosts, with eight wickets in ...

International Cricket Council
Ecstasy from Netherlands seized before making it to Michigan  WNEM Saginaw

A Michigan man was arrested after ecstasy heading to Michigan, from the Netherlands, was seized before making it to its destination.

WNEM Saginaw
7 tasty spots for cheese lovers in the Netherlands  IamExpat.nl

People in the Netherlands are so crackers for cheese, they have a variety of cheese attractions, cheese workshops and cheese museums. Here's 7 of the best.

Scotland v Netherlands: Toby Bailey makes coaching debut with defeat in Oman  BBC Sport

Toby Bailey suffered a debut defeat as interim Scotland head coach in the opening T20 Quadrangular Series match against the Netherlands in Oman. The Dutch ...

BBC Sport
Spring weather heading to Netherlands  NL Times

After a cloudy and wet weekend, the Netherlands can look forward to some spring weather later this week, according to Buienradar. Monday will be a transition ...

NL Times
The Netherlands still trailing behind on EU renewable energy targets  DutchNews.nl

The Netherlands is trailing the rest of Europe when it comes to reaching sustainable energy targets, according to new figures from the European statistics ...

Netherlands to recognise Gaza Strip and West Bank as birthplaces  Aljazeera.com

Netherlands will allow those born after May 15, 1948 to use occupied Palestinian territories as official place of birth.

Visee stars for Netherlands, Ireland get it right on the night - Cricbuzz  Cricbuzz

The Netherlands and Ireland opened their Quadrangular T20I series campaigns in Muscat today with wins over Scotland and Oman. Tobias Visee's 43-ball 71 ...

Netherlands sets humanitarian hub for Venezuela in Curacao  Fox News

The Netherlands says that it will set up a humanitarian aid hub for crisis-torn Venezuela on its Caribbean island of Curacao.

Fox News
Netherlands: Container growth pushes throughput at port of Rotterdam to new highs  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Netherland's Economic Outlook in Five Charts  International Monetary Fund

Growth in the Netherlands has picked up and unemployment has fallen sharply in recent years. But real wage and productivity growth have been slow, possibly ...

International Monetary Fund
Azerbaijani film named best in Netherlands [PHOTO]  AzerNews

By Laman Ismayilova. Azerbaijani film "Sholler's Archive" was awarded the prizes at Noord-Holland European Cinematography Awards. The film won in the ...

TNT arrest Mesick man they say was importing ecstasy from the Netherlands  Cadillac News

MESICK — Police recently arrested a man they say was using the Dark Web to order ecstasy from overseas.

Cadillac News
Mortgages in the Netherlands in 2019 - What's new?  IamExpat.nl

Every year, the conditions and requirements for mortgages in the Netherlands are updated. This article will set out the most important changes that came into ...

The Netherlands: the most autonomous vehicle ready country in the world  IamExpat.nl

The Netherlands has topped the KPMG Autonomous Vehicles Readiness Index (AVRI), as it did last year, proving it to be one of the readiest countries in the ...

Brexit: Netherlands talking to 250 firms about leaving UK  The Guardian

The Dutch government has said it is in talks with more than 250 companies about moving their operations from the UK to the Netherlands before Brexit.

The Guardian
“Win a trip to South Tyrol" is underway in Belgium and the Netherlands  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Netherlands: After 23 years, appalling allegations against Shell to be heard in court  Amnesty International

A Dutch court will today hear the first arguments in an historic case against Shell, in which the oil giant stands accused of instigating a raft of horrifying human ...

Amnesty International
Bangladesh signs 2 MoUs with Netherlands  theindependentbd.com

Bangladesh and the Netherlands have signed two memorandums of understanding (MoUs) for capacity building of the water sector in Bangladesh. The Water ...

Worst traffic on record in The Netherlands: Travel assoc.  NL Times

It was a record-setting day in The Netherlands on Tuesday, but in a particularly good way. Traffic jams stuffed up 2287 kilometers of Dutch roadways, what ...

NL Times
Scaling up in Europe: 5 do's and don'ts of doing business in the Netherlands  Silicon Canals

As a small country full of tech-savvy people, the Netherlands is a great place for setting up your tech startup. Check out the tips Willem-Frederik Metzelaar, ...

Silicon Canals
Shell faces lawsuit in the Netherlands, a new legal front in climate battle  Climate Liability News

By Dana Drugmand. Seven environmental and human rights organizations in the Netherlands announced on Tuesday they are prepared to sue Royal Dutch ...

Climate Liability News
Russia Agrees To Talks With Netherlands On Downing Of MH17  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

Moscow is ready to engage in talks with the Netherlands about the 2014 downing of a Malaysian passenger jet over territory held by pro-Russian separatists in ...

GM’s Ariv Electric Bikes Arrive in Germany, Belgium and the Netherlands  Automobile

GM's bikes were designed and engineered in North America, but they'll hit European markets in Germany, the Netherlands, and Belgium first.

Community Response to Cardiac Arrest in the Netherlands  JEMS.com

The Netherlands has a nationwide response system that alerts trained citizens when they're near someone who's experiencing an out-of-hospital cardiac arrest ...

Scotland, Netherlands, Oman, Ireland fight for T20 supremacy | ESPNcricinfo.com  ESPNCricinfo

With the 2019 World Cup being a no-go zone, the focus for Associate countries has shifted to T20 cricket, with an eye on the ultimate aim of qualifying for the T20 ...

Voting differed on Remote Gaming Bill in the Netherlands  European Gaming Industry News

The voting on the Remote Gaming Bill in the Dutch parliament has been postponed. It will now take place on February 19. The bill has been under development ...

European Gaming Industry News
Netherlands to France set for 1st widespread snowfall of the year into Wednesday  AccuWeather.com

Parts of western Europe, including much of the Netherlands, Belgium and France, will look like a winter wonderland as snow continues to fall into Wednesday.

Netherlands refuses Italy's request to accept migrants aboard rescue ship  NBC News

The Netherlands has refused an Italian request to take in 47 migrants on a humanitarian ship that is being blocked from Italian ports, saying there is a need to ...

NBC News
FABRICations draws a framework for energy landscapes of the future netherlands  Designboom

FABRICations has been active with numerous partners in the study of solutions to explore new models of energy landscapes for the netherlands.

Proposed License Requirements End Anonymous Crypto Selling and Buying in the Netherlands  Cointelegraph

News. Pete Hoekstra, the Netherlands' Minister of Finance, has received official advice that a licensing system should be introduced for crypto services, Dutch ...

Netherlands court strikes down Dutch grifter's patent claim over Ethiopia's ancient staple grain teff  Boing Boing

Teff is one of the oldest grains to have been cultivated, a staple for so long that its original cultivation date is lost to history and can only be estimated at between ...

Boing Boing
Over 2000 km of traffic jams as snow moves west across Netherlands  NL Times

There were over 1635 kilometers of traffic jams across the Netherlands at 5:05 p.m. on Tuesday, just as the evening rush hour got underway, according to travel ...

NL Times
'Sony to shift European operations from Britain to the Netherlands'  DutchNews.nl

Sony is planning to merge its European business into its Dutch arm to soften the impact of a no-deal Brexit, Britain's Telegraph newspaper said on Monday.

2-Day Conference: Biofabrication & Biomanufacturing Europe, 2019 (Rotterdam, Netherlands - June 20-21, 2019) - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Biofabrication & Biomanufacturing Europe 2019" conference has been added to ResearchAndMarkets.com's offering.

Business Wire
Netherlands orders Thales MMR  IHS Jane's 360

The Dutch Ministry of Defence (MoD) announced on 11 February that it had awarded Thales a contract for the delivery of nine Multi Mission Radars (MMRs).

IHS Jane's 360
Lunar Eclipse: Netherlands could see full “Super Blood Wolf Moon” on Monday  NL Times

As Earth's orbit crosses directly between the Sun and Moon on Monday morning, a total lunar eclipse should be fully visible in The Netherlands. Clear skies are ...

NL Times
The Netherlands celebrates National Tulip Day  Euronews English

A unique tulip garden covering 2500 square metres was specially created for the event, with 200-thousand tulips presented in multiple colours.

Euronews English
Shorter train travel times in the Netherlands: NS' newest plans  IamExpat.nl

Yes, 2019 may have just begun, and with it NS' latest travel schedule, but the rail company isn't taking a break, in fact, it is already making plans for next year.

Thousands of students join climate protests in the Netherlands and Belgium  Newstalk 106-108 fm

At least 10000 students have skipped class in the Netherlands to join a major protest demanding ...

Newstalk 106-108 fm
Snowfall in the Netherlands: travel problems ahead  IamExpat.nl

There is a huge possibility of snow in the Netherlands on January 22. It's not all fun and games though; those travelling can expect delays and cancellations.

Netherlands planning ban on using mobile phone while cycling - Tech News  The Star Online

Using your smartphone while driving has long been a punishable offence in many countries. But what about people who do it while cycling?

The Star Online
Fee-for-service 'failed' in Netherlands  Australian Broker

A broker group has said the 'Netherlands model' recommended by Commissioner Hayne in the final report has actually proved to be a huge failure in the ...

Australian Broker
Brexit: Over 250 companies considering moving to the Netherlands  IamExpat.nl

Hundreds of companies are in talks with the Dutch government about relocating due to worries about access to the EU market after Brexit goes down.

Carnival Celebrations in the Netherlands  IamExpat.nl

One of the most hotly anticipated times of the year for certain people living in the Netherlands is Carnival. You won't find this celebration in every Dutch city or ...

USA Field Hockey primed for FIH Pro League clash with No. 1 the Netherlands on Saturday  LancasterOnline

It's been two weeks since the U.S. women's field hockey team last took the field, making its FIH Pro League debut in Argentina.

Winter weather hits Netherlands; icy roads warning from tonight  NL Times

The Netherlands is in for cold weather in the coming week, with night time temperatures dropping below zero and maximums climbing to only just above freezing ...

NL Times
Netherlands' Akzo Nobel fourth-quarter core earnings beat; sees...  Reuters

Dutch paint maker Akzo Nobel on Wednesday posted flat fourth-quarter core earnings of 240 million euros ($272 million), but marginally beat expectations, and ...

Netherlands recognises Guaidó as Venezuelan leader after deadline expires  DutchNews.nl

The Netherlands has joined the group of nations formally recognising Venezuelan opposition leader Juan Guaidó as the country's interim president. Foreign ...

LNG tankers heading to Britain, Belgium and the Netherlands  Business Recorder

The following liquefied natural gas (LNG) tankers are expected to arrive in Britain, Belgium and the Netherlands in the coming weeks. Estimated arrival dates.

Business Recorder
Netherlands could face EU procedure over pulse fishing  NL Times

Officials from the European Commission want to launch an infringement procedure against the Netherlands for violating rules on pulse fishing, the Commission ...

NL Times
Netherlands stocks higher at close of trade; AEX up 1.01%  Investing.com

Investing.com – Netherlands stocks were higher after the close on Friday, as gains in the Basic Materials, Industrials and Technology sectors led shares higher.

[Video] Vintage 1930s footage of ice skating in the Netherlands  IamExpat.nl

Dutch ice skating has a long and colourful past. For a maritime country with often relatively mild temperatures in winter, the fact that ice skating is the most ...

EU webshops earn over €400 million in the Netherlands  Statistics Netherlands

In Q3 2018, Dutch consumers bought around 406 million euros (excl. VAT) worth of products from foreign EU webshops. This is 14 pecent up on the same ...

Statistics Netherlands
Is assisted suicide now homicide in the Netherlands?  Christian Post

Officially, the Netherlands is a safer country to live in than the United States. Its gun homicide rate is about 4 percent that of the United States, and its official ...

Christian Post
Hyundai Kona EV Jumps To #2 In Hot Netherlands EV Market — CleanTechnica EV Sales Report  CleanTechnica

February 8th, 2019 by Jose Pontes. Netherlands Electric Car Sales (January 2019). Created with Raphaël 2.1.2. Kia Soul EV. 653. VW e-Golf. 536. Hyundai ...

Is the end of the extreme rental increases in the Netherlands in sight?  IamExpat.nl

Whilst rental prices continue to rise in the Netherlands, it seems as though the end of the extreme increases is in sight.

Symptom-googling in the EU most prevalent in the Netherlands  IamExpat.nl

People in the Netherlands google their symptoms, health and lifestyle more than any other country in the EU, according to Statistics Netherlands (CBS).

GE to install and test a 'prototype' of vast 12-megawatt turbine in the Netherlands  CNBC

GE Renewable Energy has signed an agreement with Future Wind to install the first Haliade-X 12 MW wind turbine prototype in Maasvlakte-Rotterdam, the ...

Netherlands invests €30m in world's biggest radio telescope  DutchNews.nl

The Netherlands is investing €30m in the world's biggest radio telescope, education minister Ingrid van Engelshoven announced in a letter to parliament on ...

The most popular baby names in the Netherlands in 2018  IamExpat.nl

Is your name Lucas or Julia? Well, you are definitely not alone. It turns out that these names were last year's most popular baby names in the Netherlands, ...

Another icy night ahead for the Netherlands  NL Times

The Netherlands has a freezing cold night behind it, and another one on the way. Places that got a lot of snow on Tuesday saw minimums drop to below -10 ...

NL Times
Three Face Jail in Netherlands for Links to Horsemeat Scandal  Food Safety Magazine

Three people are facing jail in the Netherlands for their roles in the horse meat scandal of 2013.

Food Safety Magazine
Matthijs de Ligt Should Join Liverpool – Former Netherlands Star Offers View  Inside Futbol

Former Netherlands winger Rene van der Gijp feels a move to Liverpool for Matthijs de Ligt would help the Dutch national team.

Inside Futbol
NS launches the Netherlands' first ever WhatsApp thriller  IamExpat.nl

The Dutch railway company NS is launching the Netherlands' first ever WhatsApp thriller. Have you noticed anyone on the edge of their train seat?

Chemours 're-importing' GenX waste from Netherlands  WRAL.com

A bankruptcy in Europe means the company is bringing more chemicals across the Atlantic for recycling and disposal.

More companies seriously consider Brexit move to the Netherlands, says NFIA  DutchNews.nl

Some 250 businesses from all over the world have contacted the Netherlands Foreign Investment Agency (NFIA) to discuss starting a Dutch operation because ...

Julia and Lucas: Netherlands' most popular baby names in 2018  NL Times

The most popular baby names in the Netherlands last year were Lucas and Julia. A total of 797 baby girls were named Julia last year, and 681 newborn boys ...

NL Times
Customs’ new labradors from Netherlands aid in RM30m drug bust  Malay Mail

KUALA LUMPUR, Feb 9 ― Without the help of man's best friend, Customs officers would not have found three million Erimin 5 pills hidden in imported ...

Malay Mail
P&O Ferries to set sail on a Eurovision Mini Cruise to The Netherlands  ESCXTRA.com

All aboard to Amsterdam! P & O Ferries announce new Eurovision Mini Cruise spanning two nights across March 9th and 10th.

Death on demand: has euthanasia gone too far?  The Guardian

The long read: Countries around the world are making it easier to choose the time and manner of your death. But doctors in the world's euthanasia capital are ...

The Guardian
Netherlands' 2020 climate goals "out of reach", planning office says  NL Times

The Dutch state will not reach its climate- and energy targets for 2020, the Netherlands' environmental assessment agency PBL concluded in its short-term ...

NL Times
Netherlands receives new 4×4 vehicles to patrol Dutch Antillies  IHS Jane's 360

The Royal Netherlands Marine Corps (RNMC) is receiving 46 Dutch Military Vehicles (DMVs) Anaconda all-terrain vehicles the week of 4 February for its forces ...

IHS Jane's 360
Queen Maxima of the Netherlands looks incredible in unique role no other royal woman has  Express

QUEEN MAXIMA of the Netherlands, 47, looked stunning today in Amman, Jordan. She wore a gorgeous pair of check trousers. She is the United Nations ...

Rush hour traffic grows as light snow falls across Netherlands  NL Times

A snow front is slowly moving across the Netherlands, and is expected to hover over much of the southern Netherlands by 5 p.m. on Wednesday. The first snow ...

NL Times
Brexit is a big blue furry monster, say the Dutch  The Irish Times

Netherlands' foreign minister tweets photograph with creature sprawled across desk.

The Irish Times
Football: All Whites Marco Rojas, Ryan Thomas opening new chapters in Netherlands  Newshub

Marco Rojas and Ryan Thomas are looking for a change of fortunes with their Dutch clubs.

Utrecht, the best of The Netherlands  UtrechtCentral.com

As ever it is always fascinating to see how others view Utrecht, this time I came upon the Sortir Grand Paris page from Telerama in France. They have a unique ...

Sylvette – Rotterdam, Netherlands  Atlas Obscura

Discover Sylvette in Rotterdam, Netherlands: A nearly 25-foot concrete sculpture of Sylvette, Picasso's muse.

Atlas Obscura
Banyana lose to the Netherlands in Cape Town  Goal.com

Kgatlana managed to get a consolation goal for the host nation – continuing where she left off in the 2018 Women's Afcon where she scored five goals.

Grease Market Analysis (2019 - 2025): Royal Dutch Shell (Netherlands), Exxon Mobil (US), Sinopec (China), Total (France), Chevron (US) - Press Release  Digital Journal

Fuchs Petrolub (Germany)The report gives a broad explanation of the presence of the Grease market in different regions and countries. With an extensive ...

Digital Journal
Netherlands invite for calf rearing insight  https://farmweek.com/about-us/

THE Department of Agriculture, Environment and Rural Affairs (DAERA) is offering dairy farmers who rear their own herd replacements the opportunity to travel ...

Netherlands Ponders Restrictions on Huawei Ahead of 5G Auction  Bloomberg

The Dutch government will need to make a decision this year on whether to restrict Chinese state-owned telecom giant Huawei Technologies Co. from playing a ...


Netherlands Videos

The Netherlands: Beyond Amsterdam
The Netherlands: Beyond Amsterdam
Visit The Netherlands - What to Know Before You Visit The Netherlands
Visit The Netherlands - What to Know Before You Visit The Netherlands
10 CRAZIEST Laws You Can Only Find In The Netherlands
10 CRAZIEST Laws You Can Only Find In The Netherlands
Why The Netherlands Isn't Under Water
Why The Netherlands Isn't Under Water
10 Best Places to Visit in the Netherlands
10 Best Places to Visit in the Netherlands
Introducing the Netherlands
Introducing the Netherlands
नीदरलैंड्स सबसे खूबसूरत देश // Netherlands a beautiful country
नीदरलैंड्स सबसे खूबसूरत देश // Netherlands a beautiful country
Living in the Netherlands vs Living in the USA
Living in the Netherlands vs Living in the USA
Amsterdam Street Food Tour - DUTCH STREET FOOD of Holland | UNIQUE Street Food in The Netherlands
Amsterdam Street Food Tour - DUTCH STREET FOOD of Holland | UNIQUE Street Food in The Netherlands
Visit The Netherlands - The Don'ts of The Netherlands
Visit The Netherlands - The Don'ts of The Netherlands

Netherlands Images

Amstel Skyline - Amsterdam, Netherlands | - Follow me on ...
Amstel Skyline - Amsterdam, Netherlands | - Follow me on ...
Splash - Duinrell - Netherlands - European Water Ride DataBase
Splash - Duinrell - Netherlands - European Water Ride DataBase
Wammes Groningen
Wammes Groningen
Nadia Herbst | Actress & Singer – JOHAN COETZEE
Nadia Herbst | Actress & Singer – JOHAN COETZEE
Penny Farthing 54 Inch - Yesterdays
Penny Farthing 54 Inch - Yesterdays
1968 Volvo N86 brochure
1968 Volvo N86 brochure
DAF XF FTG (6x2) Super Space Cab | CUSTOMER: Goedegebuure ...
DAF XF FTG (6x2) Super Space Cab | CUSTOMER: Goedegebuure ...
Vengaboys Photo Gallery | Bubblegum Dancer
Vengaboys Photo Gallery | Bubblegum Dancer
Argon fire supression system | Argon gas cylinders ...
Argon fire supression system | Argon gas cylinders ...
Pirate River - Buwalda - Nederland - European Water Ride ...
Pirate River - Buwalda - Nederland - European Water Ride ...

Netherlands WebSites

The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland, [ˈneːdərlɑnt] ()) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe.Comprising three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the ...
The Netherlands Tourism: TripAdvisor has 3,488,461 reviews of The Netherlands Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best The Netherlands resource.
Netherlands, country located in northwestern Europe, also known as Holland.“Netherlands” means low-lying country; the name Holland (from Houtland, or “Wooded Land”) was originally given to one of the medieval cores of what later became the modern state and is still used for 2 of its 12 provinces (Noord-Holland and Zuid-Holland).A parliamentary democracy under a constitutional monarch ...
Explore The Netherlands holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | Tradition and innovation intertwine here: artistic masterpieces, centuries-old windmills, tulip fields and romantic candlelit cafés coexist with visionary architecture, cutting-edge design and phenomenal nightlife.
The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland, also commonly, but incorrectly, called Holland) is a European country, bordering Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and France in the Caribbean as the Dutch territory Sint Maarten borders French territory Saint-Martin.The people, language, and culture of the Netherlands are referred to as "Dutch". With over 17 million people on an area of just 41 ...
Sea Lodges Bloemendaal. Sea lodges Bloemendaal is an unique holiday park located in the dunes of the bustling seaside town Bloemendaal aan Zee. It is a stone's throw from sea, beach and atmospheric beach bars.
Visit the Embassy of the Netherlands website for the most current visa information.. The Netherlands is a party to the Schengen Agreement. This means that U.S. citizens may enter the Netherlands for up to 90 days for tourist or business purposes without a visa.
Netherlands vs. Holland. 1,152,486 Views. 7877 out of 9216 visitors find this information valuable.
Along the southern coast of the Netherlands, sediment-laden rivers have created a massive delta of islands and waterways in the gaps between coastal dunes.
The Netherlands is a country that is part of (a constituent country) of the Kingdom of the Netherlands.Most of it is in Western Europe, but there are also some parts in the Caribbean.More than 17 million people live there. To the north and west of the European part of the Netherlands is the North Sea, and to the east is Germany and to the south is Belgium.

Netherlands Wiki

The Netherlands (Dutch: Nederland, [ˈneːdərlɑnt] (listen)) is a country located mainly in Northwestern Europe. Comprising three island territories in the Caribbean Sea—Bonaire, Sint Eustatius and Saba— it forms a constituent country of the Kingdom of the Netherlands. The European portion of the Netherlands consists of twelve separate provinces that border Germany to the east, Belgium to the south, and the North Sea to the northwest, with maritime borders in the North Sea with Belgium, Germany and the United Kingdom. The official language is Dutch, but a secondary official language in the province of Friesland is West Frisian.The five largest cities in the Netherlands are Amsterdam, Rotterdam, The Hague, Utrecht and Eindhoven. Amsterdam is the country's capital, while The Hague holds the seat of the States General, Cabinet and Supreme Court. The Port of Rotterdam is the largest port in Europe, and the largest in any country outside Asia. The country is a founding member of the EU, Eurozone, G10, NATO, OECD and WTO, as well as a part of the Schengen Area and the trilateral Benelux Union. It hosts several intergovernmental organisations and international courts, many of which are centered in The Hague, which is consequently dubbed 'the world's legal capital'.Netherlands literally means 'lower countries' in reference to its low elevation and flat topography, with only about 50% of its land exceeding 1 metre (3 ft 3 in) above sea level, and nearly 17% falling below sea level. Most of the areas below sea level, known as polders, are the result of land reclamation that began in the 16th century. With a population of 17.25 million people, all living within a total area of roughly 41,500 square kilometres (16,000 sq mi)—of which the land area is 33,700 square kilometres (13,000 sq mi)—the Netherlands is one of the most densely populated countries in the world. Nevertheless, it is the world's second-largest exporter of food and agricultural products (after the United States), owing to its fertile soil, mild climate, and intensive agriculture.The Netherlands was, historically, the third country in the world to have representative government, and it has been a parliamentary constitutional monarchy with a unitary structure since 1848. The country has a tradition of pillarisation and a long record of social tolerance, having legalised abortion, prostitution and human euthanasia, along with maintaining a progressive drug policy. The Netherlands abolished the death penalty in 1870, allowed women's suffrage in 1917, and became the world's first country to legalise same-sex marriage in 2001. Its mixed-market advanced economy had the thirteenth-highest per capita income globally. The Netherlands ranks among the highest in international indexes of press freedom, economic freedom, human development, and quality of life, as well as happiness. Its strong performance on these indexes is owed in large part to a generous welfare state that provides universal healthcare, public education and infrastructure, in addition to social benefits. The country is also known for its "polder model", a leading socioeconomic model based on consensus decision-making.