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Nepal NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 17 Jan 2019 01:41:34 GMTGoogle News
Major earthquakes could still devastate Nepal  Futurity: Research News

In 2015, a major earthquake hit Nepal. A new model indicates that quake could've just been the beginning.

Futurity: Research News
How businessmen used Ncell to launder black money to Nepal  The Kathmandu Post

When Ncell was sold for the 12th time in 2016, some of the country's leading members of parliament, and members of the government and the judiciary were ...

The Kathmandu Post
Nepal's hydropower boom needs strategic assessment and public oversight  thethirdpole.net

Prologue: A tale of two dams. In 2017, I visited 1,200 MW Budhi Gandaki hydropower project, 70 kilometers from Kathmandu, and found many similarities with ...

Nepal, Japan to hold talks on labour pact  Himalayan Times

Kathmandu, January 15. A high-level Japanese government technical team has arrived in Kathmandu today to hold extensive discussions regarding a bilateral ...

Himalayan Times
Destroy ‘period huts’ or forget state support: Nepal moves to end practice  The Guardian

After the custom of consigning menstruating women to outdoor sheds claimed three more lives, a new system of penalties offers hope of change.

The Guardian
Police raid 'Buddha boy' ashram in Nepal  CNN

New Delhi (CNN) Authorities in Nepal raided one of the ashrams of a spiritual leader -- whose supporters believe he is the reincarnation of Buddha -- while ...

India organises training tailor-made for Nepali officials  Himalayan Times

Kathmandu, January 14. The Government of India has organised training for 62 officials of the Government of Nepal. Issuing a statement today, the Indian ...

Himalayan Times
Nepal hosts ancient bull fighting to observe Maghe Sankranti festival - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

KATHMANDU, Jan. 16 (Xinhua) -- Nepal on Tuesday hosted a bull fighting festival dating back to the 19th century to mark the Maghe Sankranti festival.

Caring for Nepal's women  Nepali times

A recent Bournemouth University study exploring health care problems of 1,000 female migrant returnees revealed that Nepali women workers face severe ...

Nepali times
Women's Twenty20 Smash: Nepal defeat hosts Thailand by 9 wickets, top Group 'A' to reach semi-finals  The Kathmandu Post

With a nine-wicket thumping victory over hosts Thailand, Nepal Women's Cricket team topped the Group 'A' table and reached the semi-finals of the Thailand ...

The Kathmandu Post
Life After Cancer: Survivors Perform Ramp Walk in Nepal!  Nepali Sansar

Various cancer survivors participated in a ramp walk show held in Kathmandu on January 11, 2019.

Nepali Sansar
Key Madhesi party threatens to withdraw from Nepal Govt  Millennium Post

New Delhi: The Rashtriya Janata Party of Nepal-a key Madhesi party again threatened to withdraw support from the communist Government of Nepal led by KP ...

Millennium Post
Nepal make it two in a row  Himalayan Times

Nepal women's national cricket team defeated Malaysia by six wickets to register their second consecutive victory in the Women's Twenty20 Smash at the ...

Himalayan Times
Woman and 2 Children Die in Nepal Menstruation Hut  The New York Times

The three were the latest victims of a centuries-old tradition of banishing menstruating women and girls from their family homes, despite Nepal's criminalizing the ...

The New York Times
As China woos Nepal, some lessons for India  Observer Research Foundation

It explains why India must deepen trade facilitation for Nepal to keep BIMSTEC relevant as a maritime subregional grouping.

Observer Research Foundation
Nepal is Now Only a Hassle-Free Bus Ride Away From India  India.com News

If You Want a Scenic Yet Economical Journey, Take a Bus From Dehradun to Nepal - Nepal is Now Only a Hassle-Free Bus Ride Away From India.

India.com News
Nepal man consumes chemical, dies at GMC  Times of India

Khemraj Tharu, 28, a native of Nepal and resident of Palolem, died at GMC, Bambolim, on Tuesday, where he was being treated after he had consumed a ch.

Times of India
After EPL 2018, Nepal Awaits High-value Football League!  Nepali Sansar

After the biggest domestic cricket league EPL 2018, Nepal is now preparing for its famous football tournament – International Madan Bhandari Memorial Gold ...

Nepali Sansar
What's Killing Nepal's Rhinos?  Pacific Standard

Thousands of tourists from around the world flock to Nepal's Chitwan National Park every year to get a glimpse of the greater one-horned rhinoceros. But for ...

Pacific Standard
Spider wraps housefly at garden in Kathmandu, Nepal - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Photo taken on Jan. 16, 2019 shows a spider wrapping a housefly in its web at a garden in Kathmandu, Nepal. (Xinhua/sunil sharma) ...

Nickels For Nepal To Hold Artwork Benefit Sale And Meet The Artist Jan. 19  The Chattanoogan

Nickels for Nepal announces the sale of donated artwork to benefit the children in remote village schools in Nepal. Mr. Larry Bullington, local artist and owner of ...

The Chattanoogan
Oli, Nepal stick to their guns  Himalayan Times

A nine-member Nepal Communist Party (NCP) task force has failed to prepare roadmap for unification of lower committees due to factional conflict.

Himalayan Times
Nepal woman and children die in banned 'menstruation hut'  BBC News

A Nepali mother and her two children have been found dead after the woman was banished to a "menstruation hut". The woman had lit a fire to keep her and her ...

BBC News
India provides finance training to Nepali civil servants  Public Finance International

India is providing public financial management training to civil servants from the Ministry of Finance in Nepal.

Public Finance International
Nepal-India Economic Cooperation: Nepalese Officials To Undergo Special Training In India For Public Finance Management  Swarajya

India is all set to train 62 officials from Nepal in subjects such as public finance management, one-payment systems, accounting, internal audits and fiscal ...

3modular creates bamboo homes for earthquake stricken regions of nepal  Designboom

the design uses vernacular materials and a modular arrangement that can be multiplied and combined into units of various sizes.

Return Uttarakhand and Sikkim to Nepal, demands NGO. Starts signature campaign  India Today

A Nepalese non-governmental organisation (NGO) has launched a signature campaign demanding the return of territory that Nepal lost to British India through ...

India Today
Qatar approaches Nepal to build international airport in Nijgadh  The Kathmandu Post

Jan 14, 2019-. Qatar has approached Nepal to build an estimated $1.2 billion mega-airport project in Nijgadh, Bara, in a bid to strengthen its presence in ...

The Kathmandu Post
Bulls fight during Maghe Sankranti Festival in Nepal - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Bulls fight during Maghe Sankranti Festival at Taruka Village in Nuwakot District, Nepal, Jan. 15, 2019. The annual festival is celebrated to mark the start of holy ...

Sedro-Woolley doctor opens cancer center in Nepal  Seattle Times

The most densely populated province in Nepal recently became home to the region's first comprehensive cancer center thanks to Sedro-Woolley doctor Binay ...

Seattle Times
In Nepal, Tradition Is Killing Women  Foreign Policy

KATHMANDU, Nepal—Dhana Bista was dreading leaving Kathmandu for her village in the far-western region of the Himalayan country to visit her family last ...

Foreign Policy
If Trump and Kim can meet, why not other countries: Nepal on stalled SAARC summit  Economic Times

NEW DELHI: Nepal on Friday strongly pitched for convening of the SAARC summit, saying differences should be resolved through dialogue and the grouping ...

Economic Times
Nepal, Japan agree to resume commercial flights  Seattle Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Japan and Nepal agreed Wednesday to allow state-run Nepal Airlines to resume flights between the two Asian nations.

Seattle Times
Nepal Bats For Growth Of India, China To Make Asia's Rise "Unstoppable"  NDTV News

Nepal on Thursday said when India and China rise together, the rise of Asia is "unstoppable" and hoped for harmonious ties between its two "big neighbours".

Nepal records 16% rise in foreign aid in one year  Online Khabar (English)

Kathmandu, January 16. The government of Nepal says the amount of foreign development aid the country received in the last fiscal year, 2017/18, increased by ...

Online Khabar (English)
Nepal bus crash: Students among 23 dead after field trip  BBC News

At least 23 people died in Nepal when a bus carrying students and their teachers back from a botanical trip ran off a road and plunged 700m (2,300ft) into a ...

BBC News
13 Nepal Women Rescued From Hotels In India  NDTV News

At least 13 women from Nepal, allegedly being trafficked on the pretext of jobs in India, were rescued from different hotels by an NGO.

No incentives for exports to Nepal, Bhutan  The Tribune India

Vijay C Roy. Tribune News *Service*. Chandigarh, January 14. Punjab-based engineering goods manufacturers are in catch-22 situation. On the one hand, they ...

The Tribune India
At least 21 killed as bus crashes in Nepal's mountainous area  Al Jazeera English

Police said the bus carrying college students and teachers drove off a highway in a mountainous area.

Al Jazeera English
Watch | Has China Weaned Nepal Away From India?  The Wire

Dr Happymon Jacob in conversation with professor Mahendra P. Lama about India-Nepal relations in the context of growing closeness between Nepal and ...

The Wire
Nepal welcomes record number of tourists in 2018  Channel NewsAsia

Nepal saw the number of tourists jump nearly 25 per cent as it welcomed a record high of more than one million visitors in 2018. (Photo: AFP/Prakash Mathema).

Channel NewsAsia
Nepal stops water project contractors from leaving country  Seattle Times

KATHMANDU, Nepal (AP) — Nepal's government has stopped eight Italian contractors from leaving the Himalayan country in an effort to complete a critical but ...

Seattle Times

Sue Van Every is pictured with locals in Nepal after she, alongside her husband Bruce and fellow Drysdale Rotary member Colin Harding, helped establish a ...

Nepal Finally Looks Beyond India and China  The Diplomat

Nepal for a long time has heavily invested its time and energy to deal with India and China, the regional giants and Nepal's only two bordering countries.

The Diplomat
Nepal probes 'Buddha boy' over devotee disappearances  Channel NewsAsia

Ram Bahadur Bomjan, dubbed "Buddha Boy", became famous in 2005 after followers said he could meditate for months without water, food or sleep. (Photo: ...

Channel NewsAsia
Woman and 2 sons suffocate to death in menstrual hut in Nepal  India Today

Amba Bohara, 35, and her sons, aged 12 and nine, had lit a fire on Tuesday night to keep warm in the freezing mud and stone hut, but were discovered dead the ...

India Today
Nepal, Inc in 2019  Nepali times

Photo: SABASTIAN WOLLIGANDT During a survey of the Manaslu Trail in northern Gorkha three decades ago, the noted botanist Tirtha Bahadur Shrestha and I ...

Nepali times
Japan, Nepal agree on foreign worker issue  NHK WORLD

Japan and Nepal have agreed to compile a document related to Japan's new system that allows more foreign workers into the country.

Nepal Gears Up for Asian Rural Tourism Festival 2019!  Nepali Sansar

The fifth edition of Asian Rural Tourism Festival 2019 is aimed at promoting 'tourism in Province 1' and will see participants from Nepal, India and Bhutan.

Nepali Sansar
Nepal, Japan implement ASA  Himalayan Times

Nepal and Japan today formally implemented the revised air *service* agreement (ASA), enabling Nepali airline companies to fly to any international airport in ...

Himalayan Times
Nepal living beyond its means  Nepali times

n 1991, India's foreign exchange reserves almost emptied when the country's balance of payments collapsed. The Central Bank eventually averted a full-blown ...

Nepali times
One lakh signatures to be submitted to UN demanding return of Nepali territory lost thru 'Treaty of Sugauli'  Himalayan Times

The Greater Nepal Nationalist Front has begun a signature collection campaign demanding the return of the territory that Nepal lost through the 'Treaty of ...

Himalayan Times
Vice President stresses development of tourism to lead Nepal to prosperity  Online Khabar (English)

Kaski, January 16. Vice President Nanda Bahadur Pun says the country's tourism industry can and should be a major foundation to lead Nepal to prosperity.

Online Khabar (English)
Xiaomi Nepal offers attractive price drops for some smartphones.  Nepalitelecom

Xiaomi Nepal has announced permanent price drops on few of its best selling smartphones, making them even more attractive purchases. The devices to see ...

Nepal’s only library for visually impaired has no visitors  INQUIRER.net

The floor of the National Braille Library for the Blind is filled with books. Big, thick volumes of books in Braille are littered all over while steel racks are carelessly ...

Keeping Nepal Airlines airworthy  Nepali times

Photo: BIKRAM RAI epal Airlines is once more making headlines for all the wrong reasons: this time it is over the state-owned carrier's purchase of two Airbus ...

Nepali times
Nepal writes to RBI to declare banned new Indian currency notes legal  Economic Times

Nepal has asked the RBI to declare newly circulated Indian currency notes of denominations higher than Rs 100 legal tender in the country, according to media ...

Economic Times
The defence of Nepal  Nepali times

or centuries nature helped defend Nepal's southern border from foreign invasions. We deployed malaria-carrying female anopheles mosquitoes, and this ...

Nepali times
Following Nepal's devastating 2015 earthquake, crisis in childhood malnutrition averted  Science Daily

Despite widespread destruction, including severe agricultural-related losses caused by the 2015 earthquake in Nepal, child nutrition remained stable in the ...

Science Daily
Nepal's silent emergency: springs going dry  Nepali times

DRYING UP: Toni Hagen's famous panorama of Pokhara taken in 1955, and last week from near the same spot at Pokhara airport (below). Snow cover on ...

Nepali times
United States seeks Nepal's help in resolving Korean peninsula problem  Himalayan Times

United States Secretary of State Mike Pompeo has asked Nepal to use its good offices to cajole the North Korean leadership into signing deals that could help ...

Himalayan Times
Nepal Court Sends Rape Convict To Jail For Life For The First Time  NDTV News

The convict admitted that he had dragged the minor girl to a bush, raped her and strangled her to the death.

Nepal's Women Rising – Into Sight and History  The Wire

An exhibition of archival photographs restores women to the historical narrative of 'New Nepal', and on their own terms.

The Wire
CSC grad heading to Nepal for Peace Corps  Scottsbluff Star Herald

CHADRON — When Joel Milos accepted his Chadron State College Bachelor of Science degree at the Winter Commencement ceremony Dec. 14, he didn't ...

Scottsbluff Star Herald
On Your Next Trip to Nepal, Rent the House Sir Edmund Hillary Loved  Condé Nast Traveler

The so-called Happy House is where the Everest conqueror used to stay on his return visits to the Himalayas. Now run by the sherpa family who built it, the ...

Condé Nast Traveler
More victims feared as Ottawa man charged following trip to Nepal  Toronto Sun

Investigators fear that a suspected child sex tourist escorted off a jet at Pearson International Airport may have more victims.Paul McCarthy, 62, was arrested ...

Toronto Sun
Who now owns Nepal's forests?  Nepali times

Photo: KUNDA DIXIT fter degraded forests were leased out to local communities to protect and manage 40 years ago, Nepal's community forestry program has ...

Nepali times
Process to start soon to export electricity to Nepal in winter  United News of Bangladesh

The government will soon initiate a process to export surplus electricity to neighbouring country Nepal in the winter when Bangladesh sees a drop in domestic ...

United News of Bangladesh
Former Nepal Prime Minister Tulsi Giri passes away  Economic Times

Former Nepalese Prime Minister Tulsi Giri died. He was 92.

Economic Times
Nepal Army Chief Purna Chandra Thapa conferred honorary ‘General of Indian Army’ by President Kovind- See pics  Times Now

New Delhi: India-Nepal ties hit a new high after President Ram Nath Kovind conferred Chief of Nepalese Army Purna Chandra Thapa with the honorary rank of ...

Times Now
Annapurna Natural History Museum Butterfly Collection – Pokhara, Nepal  Atlas Obscura

Discover Annapurna Natural History Museum Butterfly Collection in Pokhara, Nepal: Feast your eyes upon hundreds of Nepal's native butterflies and moths.

Atlas Obscura
Traders worried over Nepal banning Indian currency notes of above Rs 100  Economic Times

Traders and locals are worried over the decision of Nepal government to ban the use of high denomination Indian currency notes of Rs 200, Rs 500 and Rs ...

Economic Times
Vajra, serving modern Indian and Nepalese food, should soon open in West Town  Eater Chicago

Holidays will get special attention when Vajra, a new South Asian restaurant serving Indian and Nepalese food, opens in West Town. Imagine special tasting ...

Eater Chicago
Nepal caps expenditure of its citizens in India  The Hindu

Nepal on Tuesday imposed a monthly limit on the amount of Indian currency its citizen can spend in India. A spokesperson of the Nepal Rastra Bank (NRB) said ...

The Hindu
Nepal launching own satellites by mid-May  Himalayan Times

Nepal is set to launch its own satellites to space by mid-May with the help of two Nepalis, who have completed master's degree in engineering from a ...

Himalayan Times
Mill Valley humanitarian builds college for Nepal villagers  Marin Independent Journal

Jay Tamang, a Mill Valley activist who helps build schools in his native Nepal, is taking his work to the college level. In a matter of months, Tamang will attend ...

Marin Independent Journal
Nepal Army chief to arrive in India on Friday on six-day visit  Economic Times

KATHMANDU: Nepal Army chief General Purna Chandra Thapa will travel to India on Friday on a six-day visit during which he will hold talks with top officials, ...

Economic Times
Nepal-India Joint commission meeting to be held soon  Himalayan Times

Minister for Foreign Affairs Pradeep Kumar Gyawali has held a meeting with the Minister of External Affairs of India Sushma Swaraj at the latter's office in New ...

Himalayan Times
IOM, Nepali Local Government Partner to Build Multi-Purpose Evacuation Centre - Nepal  ReliefWeb

Kathmandu – IOM and Changu Narayan Municipality in Bhaktapur District in the Kathmandu Valley have begun work on a multi-purpose evacuation centre to ...

Article Title: Paras Khadka: Nepal's Gift to World Cricket  Nepali Sansar

Nepal has produced one of the finest cricketers in world cricket history and one of such legends is none other than Nepal Cricket Team Captain Paras Khadka.

Nepali Sansar
Nepali Congress has no agenda, says NCP leader Sah  Himalayan Times

Nepal Communist Party (NCP) Province 2 Chair Prabhu Sah has observed that the country has yet to get rid of the residue of protracted political transition.

Himalayan Times
Nepal deports 84 foreigners in five months until Jan 9  The Kathmandu Post

Jan 14, 2019-. Chinese nationals top the list of foreign nationals Nepal has deported in the first five months of the current fiscal year for flouting the country's ...

The Kathmandu Post
In Nepal? 'Yahoo, it's Mountain Dew!'  Cleveland Daily Banner

Cleveland Utilities President and CEO Tim Henderson says Mountain Dew is a popular soft drink among the people of Nepal, as well as its teeming population ...

Cleveland Daily Banner
Nepal's aviation sector: Opportunities and challenges  Himalayan Times

Civil aviation has changed the way people travel and fuelled the concept of globalisation.

Himalayan Times
Sandeep Lamichhane: BBL star inspiring Nepal, Prime Minister, Melbourne Stars  Herald Sun

Nepal's Prime Minister has declared teenage leg-spinner Sandeep Lamichhane an “inspiration” for their country's next generation. Lamichhane, 18, was the Big ...

Herald Sun
A Mom And Her Two Kids Died After They Were Banished To A Shed Because She Had Her Period  BuzzFeed News

Despite the practice of Chhaupadi being illegal, every year women die as a result of it in Nepal.

BuzzFeed News
Nepal struggles to attract crowds to bullfighting  Yahoo Singapore News

Central Nepal's Nuwakot district is the centre for a centuries-old tradition of bullfighting, now facing a dwindling number of spectators due to lack of support.

Yahoo Singapore News
Learning sustainability on the ground in Nepal and China  Arizona State University

As Arizona State University senior sustainability scientists Nalini Chhetri and Netra Chhetri know, some educational experiences are more effective outside the ...

Arizona State University
Move Nijgadh Airport a litte south: Madhav Nepal led subcomittee  setopati.net

The subcommittee under the International Relations Committee of the House of representatives (HoR) headed by former prime minister (PM) Madhav Kumar ...

Yamaha XTZ 125 Price in Nepal, Images, Specifications  TechLekh

Yamaha XTZ is a 125cc machine built for off-roading. As for the pricing, Yamaha XTZ price in Nepal is Rs. 3,99900. Read everything you should know.

Nepal's Sisyphean Struggle for Justice  The Diplomat

12 years after the civil war came to an end, conflict victims demand a role in transitional justice.

The Diplomat
Why Nepal wants high-denomination Indian bills as legal tender in the country  ThePrint

Nepal has requested the RBI to allow the use of Rs 200, Rs 500 and Rs 2000 banknotes in the country.

NCP statute amendment on cards  Himalayan Times

A nine-member task force of the ruling Nepal Communist Party (NCP) is gearing up to propose amendments to the party's statute to address demands put forth ...

Himalayan Times
The classrooms at 15000 feet  CNN

Vertical University aims to conserve Nepal's landscape through a unique teaching project.

In Delhi Shelter Home Case, Police Seeks Help Of Nepal Embassy, NGOs  NDTV News

Delhi Police has sought the assistance of the Nepal Embassy and NGOs in the case of disappearance of eight women and a girl from a Shahdara shelter home ...

Nepal 2018: 1176 Road Accidents Deaths, 2478 Fire Accidents  Nepali Sansar

While 2018 a memorable year for Nepal in terms of developmental achievements, it has also witnessed disastrous events including road and fire accidents.

Nepali Sansar
Uzbek Woman Trying To Sneak Into Nepal Without Documents Arrested Near UP  NDTV News

An Uzbek woman was arrested in Sonauli town near Uttar Pradesh border when she was allegedly trying to cross over to Nepal without valid documents, an ...

Magnitude 4.7 Earthquake Hits Nepal  NDTV News

An earthquake measuring 4.7 on the Richter Scale jolted Sindhupalchowk district in Nepal early Sunday morning, creating panic among the residents.

Virat Kohli's mixed year and the rise of Nepal's Sandeep Lamichhane: Cricket's hits and misses in 2018  The National

Here's our list of winners and losers from the world of cricket this year.

The National
India's Cow Crisis Part 1: Nepal bears the brunt of India's cow vigilantism  Down To Earth Magazine

Hounded by cow vigilantes and trade restrictions, farmers in Uttar Pradesh's border areas abandon their unproductive cattle in Nepalese villages creating havoc ...

Down To Earth Magazine

Nepal Videos

30 Days In Nepal
30 Days In Nepal
नेपाल एक गजब का देश // Nepal amazing facts in Hindi
नेपाल एक गजब का देश // Nepal amazing facts in Hindi
Nepal, most beautiful places in the world HD नेपाल सुन्दर देश l
Nepal, most beautiful places in the world HD नेपाल सुन्दर देश l
Speaking in my Native Language (NEPALI MAKEUP TUTORIAL)
Speaking in my Native Language (NEPALI MAKEUP TUTORIAL)
Kathmandu City || Nepal
Kathmandu City || Nepal
Traveling Alone to NEPAL as a Female
Traveling Alone to NEPAL as a Female
BBC Documentary - Living in Nepal #Nomad
BBC Documentary - Living in Nepal #Nomad
World's most dangerous roads Nepal | India
World's most dangerous roads Nepal | India
07 Népal - Kodak White (prod. klm)
07 Népal - Kodak White (prod. klm)

Nepal Images

Yak Caravan Arriving From Tibet | Dol, Dolpo, Nepal (2007 ...
Yak Caravan Arriving From Tibet | Dol, Dolpo, Nepal (2007 ...
Child Rescue Nepal – Formerly The Esther Benjamins Trust
Child Rescue Nepal – Formerly The Esther Benjamins Trust
RAOnline Nepal: Geology - Nepal's Topography ...
RAOnline Nepal: Geology - Nepal's Topography ...
nepal-police.jpg - The Gurkha Khukuri
nepal-police.jpg - The Gurkha Khukuri
Damauli Bazar in Tanahun | Hem's | Flickr
Damauli Bazar in Tanahun | Hem's | Flickr
RAOnline Bhutan: Bhutan Photo Galleries - Drukair flight ...
RAOnline Bhutan: Bhutan Photo Galleries - Drukair flight ...
Room Number 110 - Xanadu Guest House - Jomsom Nepal | Flickr
Room Number 110 - Xanadu Guest House - Jomsom Nepal | Flickr
Fotos aus Bodnath Stupa - Nepal - Reisefotografie von ...
Fotos aus Bodnath Stupa - Nepal - Reisefotografie von ...
Carte du Népal
Carte du Népal

Nepal WebSites


Nepal Wiki

Nepal ( (listen); Nepali: नेपाल Nepāl [neˈpal]), officially the Federal Democratic Republic of Nepal (Nepali: सङ्घीय लोकतान्त्रिक गणतन्त्र नेपाल Saṅghīya Lokatāntrik Gaṇatantra Nepāl), is a landlocked country in South Asia. It is located mainly in the Himalayas but also includes parts of the Indo-Gangetic Plain. With an estimated population of 26.4 million, it is 48th largest country by population and 93rd largest country by area. It borders China in the north and India in the south, east, and west while Bangladesh is located within only 27 km (17 mi) of its southeastern tip and Bhutan is separated from it by the Indian state of Sikkim. Nepal has a diverse geography, including fertile plains, subalpine forested hills, and eight of the world's ten tallest mountains, including Mount Everest, the highest point on Earth. Kathmandu is the nation's capital and largest city. Nepal is a multiethnic nation with Nepali as the official language.The name "Nepal" is first recorded in texts from the Vedic period of the Indian subcontinent, the era in ancient India when Hinduism was founded, the predominant religion of the country. In the middle of the first millennium BCE, Gautama Buddha, the founder of Buddhism, was born in Lumbini in southern Nepal. Parts of northern Nepal were intertwined with the culture of Tibet. The centrally located Kathmandu Valley is intertwined with the culture of Indo-Aryans, and was the seat of the prosperous Newar confederacy known as Nepal Mandala. The Himalayan branch of the ancient Silk Road was dominated by the valley's traders. The cosmopolitan region developed distinct traditional art and architecture. By the 18th century, the Gorkha Kingdom achieved the unification of Nepal. The Shah dynasty established the Kingdom of Nepal and later formed an alliance with the British Empire, under its Rajput Rana dynasty of premiers. The country was never colonised but served as a buffer state between Imperial China and British India. Parliamentary democracy was introduced in 1951, but was twice suspended by Nepalese monarchs, in 1960 and 2005. The Nepalese Civil War in the 1990s and early 2000s resulted in the proclamation of a secular republic in 2008, ending the world's last Hindu monarchy.The Constitution of Nepal, adopted in 2015, establishes Nepal as a federal secular parliamentary republic divided into seven provinces. Nepal was admitted to the United Nations in 1955, and friendship treaties were signed with India in 1950 and the People's Republic of China in 1960. Nepal hosts the permanent secretariat of the South Asian Association for Regional Cooperation (SAARC), of which it is a founding member. Nepal is also a member of the Non Aligned Movement and the Bay of Bengal Initiative. The military of Nepal is the fifth largest in South Asia; it is notable for its Gurkha history, particularly during the world wars, and has been a significant contributor to United Nations peacekeeping operations.