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Luxembourg NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Tue, 18 Dec 2018 07:03:30 GMTGoogle News
Luxembourg's Pirate Party selects European parliament candidates  Luxembourg Times

With seats now in Luxembourg parliament, Piraten Lëtzebuerg selects candidates for European elections in May 2019.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - What's happening in parliament this week  Luxembourg Times

Brexit dominates parliamentary agenda, Schneider faces grilling on Planetary Resources.

Luxembourg Times
Free Public Transportation Isn’t for Everyone  Bloomberg

This month, the government of Luxembourg said it will make all public transportation in the nation of 600,000 people free by 2020 — becoming the first nation in ...

Bloomberg
Harnessing Polish entrepreneurship for Lux fintech  Delano.lu

Three Polish fintech firms were recognised at a Luxembourg-Poland Chamber of Commerce business conference on Thursday. The Luxembourg-Poland ...

Delano.lu
Despite backstop gap, diplomat strikes positive note  Delano.lu

The UK ambassador to Luxembourg has acknowledged the “uncertainty” that remains over Brexit, saying London was seeking further “assurances” from the EU ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg - German a 'challenge' for Luxembourg pupils  Luxembourg Times

Being taught in German in primary schools is proving to be a challenge for a number of pupils in Luxembourg, the latest national education report shows.

Luxembourg Times
Special finish used on new Luxembourg Christmas stamps  Linn's Stamp News

By Denise McCarty. Post Luxembourg chose a special finish for its two Christmas stamps issued Dec. 4. Post Luxembourg said: “In a world first, the designs are ...

Linn's Stamp News
Luxembourg to Become the First Country to Offer Free Mass Transit for All  The New York Times

Plagued by traffic jams, one of the smallest countries in Europe will allow people to ride free from 2020.

The New York Times
Klin secures €200K funding, plans to redefine Luxembourg's laundry market with eco-digital solution  Silicon Canals

Luxembourg-based startup Klin has gained €200000 funding for digital and ecological laundry *service*. Read more...

Silicon Canals
Consumer protection: Luxembourg Consumers' Association (ULC) pleased with consumer protection ministry  RTL Today

The ULC has examined the coalition agreement in depth and has expressed its satisfaction that the government has acknowledged its demands, particularly the ...

RTL Today
Older workers in Luxembourg, 2017  Delano.lu

Luxembourg has the second lowest percentage of workers aged 55-64 in the EU. That's according to an analysis of Eurostat data by the Luxembourg Institute of ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg is making public transit free to all  Mother Nature Network

The Rhode Island-sized nation of Luxembourg is the first country to completely nix transit fares in an effort to combat traffic congestion.

Mother Nature Network
Wiseler pins election defeat on failure to win over undecided voters  Luxembourg Times

Claude Wiseler, who led the Christian Social People's Party (CSV) into October's election, has blamed his party's defeat on a failure to win over undecided ...

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg Will Make Transit Free (and Legalize Weed)  CityLab

It's not just public transit: The Grand Duchy's progressive new government also raised the minimum wage and gave everyone two extra days off.

CityLab
Luxembourg-based startup Moovee strikes car cleaning market with an eco-friendly solution Moovee Clean  Silicon Canals

Moovee, the Luxembourg-based shared mobility startup has launched an ecological car cleaning *service* Moovee Clean. Read more...

Silicon Canals
Luxembourg to become first country to make all public transport free  The Guardian

Government seeks to prioritise environment and end some of world's worst traffic congestion.

The Guardian
Luxembourg City municipal council: Budget accepted, but questions about free public transport remain  RTL Today

Luxembourg City's new budget was approved on Wednesday, despite "no" votes by The Greens, the LSAP and The Left. The CSV-DP majority was supported by ...

RTL Today
Luxembourg PM tells UK journalist ‘Brexit is your choice, not mine’  iNews

The Prime Minister of Luxembourg told a UK journalist “Brexit is your choice, not mine,” during an interview outside this week's EU Summit in Brussels.

iNews
Climate change threatens Luxembourg's ice wine production  Luxembourg Times

As an expensive niche drink, could eiswein completely disappear as a Luxembourg product?

Luxembourg Times
Xavier Bettel goes viral: Luxembourg's PM giving UK reporter short thrift is a web hit  RTL Today

Popular humour site 9Gag has picked up on the latest 'Thug Life' skit that's doing the rounds... the reason this one matters? It concerns Xavier Bettel. 9Gag ...

RTL Today
Architecture awards: 5 Luxembourg candidates at the "2019 Mies Awards"  RTL Today

The European "Mies Award" is the type of award where architects feel honoured merely being nominated for the competition. The award sees a couple of ...

RTL Today
Student releases Luxembourg language app  Delano.lu

21-year-old Luxembourg student Benoît Frisch is making his name in the world of app development, releasing his most popular yet to help learners of ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg to offer free public transport  ABS-CBN News

LUXEMBOURG—The tiny EU country of Luxembourg is seeking to make travel free on its trains, trams and buses as part of efforts to reduce traffic congestion ...

ABS-CBN News
Global cannabis company ships 20kg of medical drug to Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

First shipment starts after Luxembourg's health ministry selects supplier.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - Luxembourg escapes 100,000 ISS redundancies  Luxembourg Times

Cleaning services giant ISS withdraws from 13 countries, but Luxembourg jobs are safe.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg Poised to Become the First EU Country to Legalize Recreational Cannabis  Civilized

Last month, Luxembourg set the wheels in motion to legalize recreational cannabis. This would make Luxembourg the first European Union country to do so, ...

Civilized
How to get into the Christmas spirit in Luxembourg?  Delano.lu

Christmas is around the corner. It is time to light the fires, to turn on to the Christmas music and enjoy Christmas festivities and markets that flourish in many cities ...

Delano.lu
Northern Ireland to face Luxembourg in September friendly  BBC Sport

Northern Ireland will prepare for their Euro 2020 qualifier against Germany by playing Luxembourg in a friendly match in September.

BBC Sport
Luxembourg funds the World Health Organization  World Health Organization

WHO is proud to partner with Luxembourg, a strong supporter of global health, that contributes more than 15% of its official development assistance to the health ...

World Health Organization
Luxembourg house prices 'will continue to increase'  Luxembourg Times

Housing prices in Luxembourg "will continue to increase" due to the country's rapid population growth and the shortage of available housing, according to a new ...

Luxembourg Times
Strasbourg suspect connected to 2012 Luxembourg break-in  Delano.lu

Cherif Chekatt's DNA was found at a crime scene in Luxembourg in 2012. The man sought by French and German police following the fatal shooting in ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg: watch this space !  Delano.lu

2018 has been a great year for the space sector in Luxembourg. After Spaceresources.lu was launched and the law on space mining was published, it was time ...

Delano.lu
Cannabis to be made legal for recreational use in Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

Coalition parties confirm cannabis will be commercially distributed in Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Times
The Luxembourg Wurst: Secret Santa surprises everyone in office with new cold virus  RTL Today

Honouring the Christmas tradition of giving without seeking recognition, an anonymous employee at an insurance company in Luxembourg-ville spent the entire ...

RTL Today
Weather: Snow forecast in Luxembourg this weekend  RTL Today

According to Meteolux, snowfall is likely this upcoming weekend (15-16 December), marking the likely "first winter snowfall" of the season. MeteoLux is ...

RTL Today
Joint Hawaii Culinary Arts Team battle world chefs in Luxembourg  United States Army

LUXEMBOURG -- The Joint Hawaii Culinary Arts Team closed out their 2018 culinary competition year, battling over 750 of the world's best chefs at the Villeroy ...

United States Army
Braz: 'We have an agreement that's better than in 2013'  Luxembourg Times

Deputy prime minister Félix Braz talks about growing up in Luxembourg as a son of foreigners and making it to the top of government.

Luxembourg Times
The Hub - Winter walks in Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

Get outdoors in winter on one or more of these walks located dotted around Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Times
Community - Luxembourg issues yellow alert weather warning  Luxembourg Times

Météolux,Luxembourg's weather *service*, issues warning due to snow and ice mixed with rain.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg Makes All Public Transportation Free  CleanTechnica

December 10th, 2018 by Steve Hanley. What do you think of when you hear the word “Luxembourg?” Known to many as “Little Switzerland,” this small European ...

CleanTechnica
'Green finance' on silk road to Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

China wants to position itself as global leader in green finance, Grand Duchy plays important role, EU approach slowly shaping up, regulatory issues remain.

Luxembourg Times
Innovation and craftsmanship from Luxembourg  Euronews English

The contemporary craft biennial De Mains De Maîtres opened its doors in Luxembourg.

Euronews English
Strasbourg attack — Luxembourg connection: Prime minister: no threat to Luxembourg, but ups police presence  RTL Today

As information comes out about the accused Strasbourg terrorist shooter Chérif Chekatt's history, the judicial authorities have confirmed that his DNA was found ...

RTL Today
The Hub - Uniquely Luxembourgish festive gift ideas  Luxembourg Times

Surprise your relatives with an unusual gift from the Grand Duchy.

Luxembourg Times
Do you know how much data one hour of Netflix HD uses?  Luxembourg Times

Mobile data usage increased by 30% between 2016 in 2017. Our mobile habits are constantly changing.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg entices SA’s asset managers amid uncertainty over Brexit  Business Day

Luxembourg, one of the official EU capitals, is positioning itself as a gateway for South African asset managers to tap into European capital as uncertainty over ...

Business Day
Workplace diversity improving in Luxembourg companies  Delano.lu

When it comes to workplace diversity, companies are focusing their efforts on the equality of the sexes (85%), the achievement of a work life balance (80%) and ...

Delano.lu
6 Emiles for Luxembourg animations  Delano.lu

The Emile Awards for European animation films honoured two Luxembourg productions in 6 categories last weekend in Lille, France. On 7 and 8 December, the ...

Delano.lu
Aurora Increases EU Footprint with Medical Cannabis Shipment to...  New Cannabis Ventures

Receives Import and Export licenses and Commences Shipment to Luxembourg Market. EDMONTON, Dec. 6, 2018 /PRNewswire/ – Aurora Cannabis Inc.

New Cannabis Ventures
How to get around in Luxembourg?  Delano.lu

It is a fact that prices of consumer goods and services in Luxembourg are at a fairly high level. But there are some areas where prices are lower than on average.

Delano.lu
Culture & Life - ARTE TV network signs partnership with Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

French-German television network ARTE signs partnership agreement with Film Fund Luxembourg.

Luxembourg Times
Michelin Announces 2019 Stars for Belgium and Luxembourg  Eater

Today, Michelin revealed its 2019 starred restaurant selections for Belgium and Luxembourg. Once again, the tire company behind the dining guides has added ...

Eater
Stephen Kenny’s U21 tenure starts against Luxembourg  Irish Examiner

Stephen Kenny's competitive reign as Ireland U21 manager will begin and end with games against Luxembourg before he steps up to take over from Mick ...

Irish Examiner
Luxembourg is set to abolish all fares on public transport  Lonely Planet Travel News

Good news if you're heading to Luxembourg next summer, as it is set to become the first country in the world to abolish fares on its entire public transport ...

Lonely Planet Travel News
Luxembourg to host AIIB annual meeting in 2019  GBTIMES

Luxembourg will host the Asian Infrastructure Investment Bank's annual meeting in 2019, the bank said on Tuesday.

GBTIMES
2019 European elections: Integration ministry and research institute Cefis launch campaign to encourage voting in European elections  RTL Today

The European elections will take place on May 2019, a mere seven months after the Luxembourgish general elections. However, more of Luxembourg's ...

RTL Today
Luxembourg - Luxembourg marks World Human Rights Day  Luxembourg Times

To mark Word Human Rights Day, Luxembourg holds torchlight procession organised by Amnesty International.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - Luxembourg ICT professionals receive prize  Luxembourg Times

One thousand professionals from Luxembourg's ICT and digital sector met on Tuesday during the 12th edition of Gala IT One organised by Farvest Group.

Luxembourg Times
Revis and RPGH benefits to increase  Delano.lu

The minimum income for social inclusion, known in Luxembourg as the Revis, and income for people with severe disabilities (RPGH) looks set to increase by ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg’s free public transport  Irish Times

AddThis Sharing Buttons. Share to Facebook Share to Twitter Share to Email App Share to LinkedIn Share to Pinterest Share to Reddit Share to Google+ Share ...

Irish Times
Luxembourg Prime Minister RAGES about no-deal – 'Brexit was YOUR idea, not mine!'  Express

THE PRIME Minister of Luxembourg issued a ruthless statement this afternoon that left no room for renegotiation, emphasising that a no-deal Brexit was not his ...

Express
Knowledge Bites: Christmas shopping in (and around) Luxembourg  RTL Today

We've hit mid-December and to your dismay, you haven't got a lot of your Christmas shopping done. The panic sets in and you desperately search for a guide ...

RTL Today
Luxembourg wasn't consulted on Iran SPV  Delano.lu

A special purpose vehicle (SPV) to maintain legitimate trade relations with Iran could only be established in Luxembourg if grounded by European law, ...

Delano.lu
Number of Luxembourg air passengers takes off  Luxembourg Times

19% more passengers travelled by air through country's airport in 2017 compared to 2016.

Luxembourg Times
Girl in Luxembourg: Long-distance Love Lessons in Luxembourg  RTL Today

Until I moved to Luxembourg I had never met so many people doing the dreaded long-distance relationship (myself included). Some lessons are harder to learn ...

RTL Today
VNX Exchange unveils security partnership with Luxembourg University  Luxembourg Times

Luxembourg-based VNX Exchange has announced a partnership with the University of Luxembourg in a bid to improve the security of digital assets.

Luxembourg Times
Delano Live: Naughty or nice? A review of 2018  Delano.lu

Delano marked its last Delano Live event of the year by inviting four lively panelists to reflect on the high and lowlights of the past year and share their ...

Delano.lu
Beer in the Grand-Duchy, part 1: Luxembourg residents drink over 75 litres of beer a year  RTL Today

A recently-published study reveals that people living in Luxembourg drink more than 75 litres of beer per year. The Brewers of Europe organisation (which ...

RTL Today
Luxembourg - Where Luxembourg's rich entrepreneurs invest  Luxembourg Times

Average age 42, earns €1.75m, allocates 25% wealth in real estate or own business.

Luxembourg Times
Ratio of people aged over 50 in work among lowest in EU  Luxembourg Times

Sectors with highest percentage of older workers are public administration, property, construction industries.

Luxembourg Times
Lux records 2nd strongest air passenger growth  Delano.lu

Luxembourg recorded among the largest increases in air passenger transport in Europe last year, with 19% growth. This boon ranked it in joint second place ...

Delano.lu
Burglary: 2 individuals arrested following break-in in Luxembourg City  RTL Today

The man heard the burglars smash the window and notified the police immediately. They later managed to find the suspects in some undergrowth following a ...

RTL Today
Luxembourg's Royals, part 5: Grand Duchess Maria Teresa of Luxembourg  RTL Today

In our ongoing series on Luxembourg's Royals, RTL Today delves into the history of the Grand Ducal family. This week's edition takes us from Cuba, to New ...

RTL Today
POLITICO Luxembourg Playbook, presented by European Gaming and Betting Association  POLITICO.eu

Welcome to the first of POLITICO's special edition European Elections Playbooks. I'm Ryan Heath, political editor at POLITICO, and I'll be exploring the ...

POLITICO.eu
Luxembourg set to make all public transport free in world-first  The Irish Times

Train, tram and bus fares to be lifted next summer under coalition government plans.

The Irish Times
Biggest price drop of the year for diesel in Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

The price of diesel in Luxembourg has fallen significantly, while in France protests continue over fuel taxes.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg among most expensive places for Netflix  Luxembourg Times

Monthly Netflix subscription costs €7.99 for Luxembourg residents – 13% higher than the price Americans pay (€7.08) for receiving the online shows of the ...

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg releases recreational marijuana proposal for 'residents only'  Marijuana Business Daily

Luxembourg's plan to legalize recreational marijuana may be a milestone for the European Union, but business opportunities will be limited by a provision that ...

Marijuana Business Daily
Support for education reform in Luxembourg  Delano.lu

Nine out of ten Luxembourg residents polled said the country cited education reform as a priority for increasing growth and employment. 93% of people who ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg - Five stories you may have missed  Luxembourg Times

In case you missed them, read our round-up of the week's top news stories.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - 'Luxembourg has challenges…in energy'  Luxembourg Times

CIO of GFG Alliance talks about Dudelange's steel plant and how it could produce own renewable energy.

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg prince pays tribute to estranged wife after fairytale sours  BreakingNews.ie

A European prince has paid tribute to his estranged wife following the breakdown of their “fairytale” marriage. Prince Louis of Luxembourg has told a London ...

BreakingNews.ie
Luxembourg goes circular for Dubai World Expo 2020  Delano.lu

The circular economy is the focus of Luxembourg's pavilion at the next World Expo. Dubai will host the next edition of the World Expo from 20 October 2020 to 10 ...

Delano.lu
Luxembourg watchdog gives funds breathing room on new substance rules  Luxembourg Times

Luxembourg's financial watchdog will give fund management companies breathing room until the end of next year to meet more stringent substance ...

Luxembourg Times
Giving back: donating time and money in Luxembourg  Luxembourg Times

Christmas is the time of year when we count our blessings and think about others less fortunate than ourselves. A number of local and international charities in ...

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - Luxembourg Times magazine wins international award  Luxembourg Times

Luxembourg Times has gained international recognition, with a bronze medal awarded by the 9th International Creative Media Award (ICMA), for its eponymous ...

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg - Alter Domus CEO steps down  Luxembourg Times

Laurent Vanderweyen leaves services provider after five years in the role.

Luxembourg Times
Simon Bodjanski Talks Luxembourg RAIFs And Brexit's Impact On Funds - Finance and Banking - Luxembourg  Mondaq News Alerts

Luxembourg has always been a jurisdiction best known as a domicile for UCITS funds, but it has made remarkable progress to develop its alternative assets ...

Mondaq News Alerts
Loan funds making their mark  Delano.lu

Banks are less willing to lend since the global financial crisis, and this is a problem for businesses looking to grow. Loan funds are helping by providing capital ...

Delano.lu
“Thank you for being a part” of Luxembourg, says PM  Delano.lu

Luxembourg's prime minister has praised historic ties with the US and told expats living here that they were ambassadors for the country. Amcham's ...

Delano.lu
May pushes back against parliament vote on Brexit options  Luxembourg Times

UK prime minister Theresa May is pushing back against Cabinet colleagues who are trying to take control over the direction of Brexit after her deal ran into a wall ...

Luxembourg Times
Ireland and Luxembourg signal the end of ‘share destruction’  The Irish Times

Moves by countries' watchdogs expected to prompt other regulators to take similar line.

The Irish Times
Luxembourg in top 10 by number of psychiatrists  Luxembourg Times

Luxembourg ranks eighth in the European Union in terms of the number of psychiatrists compared to its population size, with 22 specialists per 100,000 ...

Luxembourg Times
Luxembourg could be next country to legalise cannabis  The Spirits Business

Luxembourg is expected to become the next country to legalise recreational cannabis – which would make it the first country in the EU to pass such a motion.

The Spirits Business
The Latest: Luxembourg blames UK lawmakers for Brexit snags  Caledonian Record

BRUSSELS (AP) — The Latest on Brexit (all times local):

Caledonian Record
Luxembourg Will Become The First Country In The World To Make Public Transit Free For Everybody  TheTravel

Luxembourg is getting set to become the first country in the world to make traveling on all forms of public transport completely free. In an ideal world, all of us ...

TheTravel
In a 'data driven economy' will Luxembourg's workers lose out?  Luxembourg Times

François Thill, director of cyber security for the Ministry of the Economy, says "it's a discussion that has to be had"

Luxembourg Times
BBC World Service - Newsday, Will commuters in Luxembourg flock to free public transport?  BBC News

Next summer, fares on all forms of public transport will be lifted in Luxembourg. This has been part of the re-elected coalition government programme led by ...

BBC News
Luxembourg's parliament: 17 new MPs sworn in on Thursday  RTL Today

45 MPs were already sworn in to Luxembourg's parliament (Chambre de Députés) on 30 October. In the meantime, elected candidates Sam Tanson and Lex ...

RTL Today
Teleworking days to double for Belgian cross-border workers  Delano.lu

The number of days Belgian residents working in Luxembourg will be permitted to work from home looks set to double under an agreement being negotiated.

Delano.lu
 

Luxembourg Videos

Geography Now! LUXEMBOURG
11:42:28
Geography Now! LUXEMBOURG
15 Things You Didn't Know About Luxembourg
12:01:30
15 Things You Didn't Know About Luxembourg
Why is LUXEMBOURG so RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
22:31:50
Why is LUXEMBOURG so RICH? - VisualPolitik EN
Travel To Luxembourg | History Documentary in Urdu And Hindi | Spider Tv | لکسمبرگ کی سیر
03:27:36
Travel To Luxembourg | History Documentary in Urdu And Hindi | Spider Tv | لکسمبرگ کی سیر
Luxembourg देश के बारे में जानिये - The Richest Country in the world - The Green heart of Europe
15:29:56
Luxembourg देश के बारे में जानिये - The Richest Country in the world - The Green heart of Europe
Living in Luxembourg
07:24:03
Living in Luxembourg
Luxembourg Makes Public Transport Free पब्लिक ट्रांसपोर्ट फ्री Current Affairs 2018
15:01:33
Luxembourg Makes Public Transport Free पब्लिक ट्रांसपोर्ट फ्री Current Affairs 2018
লাক্সেমবার্গ দেশের মজাদার কিছু তথ্য জানলে আপনার মাথা ঘুরে যাবে || facts about Luxembourg
07:22:03
লাক্সেমবার্গ দেশের মজাদার কিছু তথ্য জানলে আপনার মাথা ঘুরে যাবে || facts about Luxembourg
10 Things To Do In Luxembourg City | Top Attractions Travel Guide
05:00:01
10 Things To Do In Luxembourg City | Top Attractions Travel Guide
लक्समबर्ग सबसे धनी देश // Luxembourg the richest country
13:40:53
लक्समबर्ग सबसे धनी देश // Luxembourg the richest country
 

Luxembourg Images

Amazing Belgium: The Citadel of Namur
Amazing Belgium: The Citadel of Namur
How To Spend 24 Hours In Innsbruck | Eurail Blog
How To Spend 24 Hours In Innsbruck | Eurail Blog
New Zealand Penguins and Seals at Katiki Point Lighthouse ...
New Zealand Penguins and Seals at Katiki Point Lighthouse ...
20 Best Cities in Germany for work - Immigrant Spirit GmbH
20 Best Cities in Germany for work - Immigrant Spirit GmbH
Différence entre le drapeau des Pays-Bas et celui du ...
Différence entre le drapeau des Pays-Bas et celui du ...
Daria Kasatkina hires new coach ahead of Kremlin Cup | WTA ...
Daria Kasatkina hires new coach ahead of Kremlin Cup | WTA ...
Flagge und Wappen von Luxemburg
Flagge und Wappen von Luxemburg
Allemagne : cartes et informations sur le pays
Allemagne : cartes et informations sur le pays
教室里整洁的课桌图片 - 素材公社 tooopen.com
教室里整洁的课桌图片 - 素材公社 tooopen.com
''Brexit'': Impact on compliance with EU chemicals ...
''Brexit'': Impact on compliance with EU chemicals ...
 

Luxembourg WebSites

 

Luxembourg Wiki

Luxembourg ( (listen); Luxembourgish: Lëtzebuerg [ˈlətsəbuə̯ɕ] (listen); French: Luxembourg; German: Luxemburg), officially the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg, is a small landlocked country in western Europe. It is bordered by Belgium to the west and north, Germany to the east, and France to the south. Its capital, Luxembourg City, together with Brussels and Strasbourg, is one of the three official capitals of the European Union and the seat of the European Court of Justice, the highest judicial authority in the EU. Its culture, people, and languages are highly intertwined with its neighbours, making it essentially a mixture of French and German cultures, as evident by the nation's three official languages: French, German, and the national language, Luxembourgish (sometimes considered a dialect of German). The repeated invasions by Germany, especially in World War II, resulted in the country's strong will for mediation between France and Germany and, among other things, led to the foundation of the European Union.With an area of 2,586 square kilometres (998 sq mi), it is one of the smallest sovereign states in Europe. In 2016, Luxembourg had a population of 576,249, which makes it one of the least-populous countries in Europe, but by far the one with the highest population growth rate. Foreigners account for nearly half of Luxembourg's population. As a representative democracy with a constitutional monarch, it is headed by Grand Duke Henri and is the world's only remaining grand duchy. Luxembourg is a developed country, with an advanced economy and one of the world's highest GDP (PPP) per capita. The City of Luxembourg with its old quarters and fortifications was declared a UNESCO World Heritage Site in 1994 due to the exceptional preservation of the vast fortifications and the old city.The history of Luxembourg is considered to begin in 963, when count Siegfried I acquired a rocky promontory and its Roman-era fortifications known as Lucilinburhuc, ′little castle′, and the surrounding area from the Imperial Abbey of St. Maximin in nearby Trier.Siegfried's descendants increased their territory through marriage, war and vassal relations. At the end of the 13th century, the Counts of Luxembourg reigned over a considerable territory.In 1308, Henry VII, Count of Luxembourg became King of the Germans and Holy Roman Emperor. The House of Luxembourg produced four Holy Roman Emperors at the high time of the Middle Ages. In 1354, Charles IV elevated the County to the Duchy of Luxembourg. Since Sigismund had no male heir, the Duchy became part of the Burgundian Circle and then one of the Seventeen Provinces of the Habsburg Netherlands.Over the centuries, the City and Fortress of Luxembourg, of great strategic importance situated between the Kingdom of France and the Habsburg territories, was gradually built up to be one of the most reputed fortifications in Europe. After belonging to both the France of Louis XIV and the Austria of Maria Theresia, Luxembourg became part of the First French Republic and Empire under Napoleon.The present-day state of Luxembourg first emerged at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. The Grand-Duchy, with its powerful fortress, became an independent state under the personal possession of William I of the Netherlands with a Prussian garrison to guard the city against another invasion from France.In 1839, following the turmoil of the Belgian Revolution, the purely Oil-speaking part of Luxembourg was ceded to Belgium and the Luxembourgish-speaking part (except the Arelerland, the area around Arlon) became what is the present state of Luxembourg.Luxembourg is a founding member of the European Union, OECD, United Nations, NATO, and Benelux. The city of Luxembourg, which is the country's capital and largest city, is the seat of several institutions and agencies of the EU. Luxembourg served on the United Nations Security Council for the years 2013 and 2014, which was a first in the country's history. In 2016 Luxembourgish citizens had visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 172 countries and territories, ranking the Luxembourgish passport 15th in the world, tied with countries such as Canada and Switzerland.