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Libya NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 04:03:18 GMTGoogle News
U.S.-Libya forces raid al Qaeda site in Libyan city of Ubari  The Jerusalem Post

CAIRO, Feb 14 - Joint U.S.-Libyan forces raided an al Qaeda site in the Libyan city of Ubari on Wednesday, according to a statement by a Libyan official.

The Jerusalem Post
African Union calls for peace conference on Libya in July  News24

The African Union (AU) has proposed a global conference in July to try to resolve the Libya conflict with the aim of holding elections in October. A statement on ...

Libya dreams of mega port in history-laden east  Reuters

SUSAH, Libya (Reuters) - A white foundation stone next to a deserted beach near the soporific Libyan port of Susah is all to show for a seven-year dream to ...

EU blacklists Nigeria, Libya over money laundering, terrorism financing  africanews

Apart from reputational damage, inclusion on the list complicates financial relations with the EU with the bloc's banks having to carry out additional checks on ...

2019 Libya Humanitarian Needs Overview (October 2018) - Libya  ReliefWeb

English Analysis on Libya about Agriculture, Education, Aged Persons, Children and more; published on 05 Feb 2019 by OCHA.

Bafana team manager Kujane left stuck on the ground after Libya continue playing mind games  TimesLIVE

Bafana Bafana team manager Barney Kujane remains stuck in Johannesburg after rivals Libya continued to play mind games with the South African Football ...

Update: Migrant boat in distress off Libyan coast, returned to Libya  InfoMigrants

A migrant boat off the Libyan coast was in distress with 150 people on board, activists said on Monday. They were eventually intercepted by a merchant ship and ...

Former SNC-Lavalin vice-president wants Libya fraud, bribery case thrown out over delays  The Globe and Mail

A former vice-president of SNC-Lavalin facing charges of fraud and bribery in connection with the company's dealings in Libya is trying to get his case thrown out ...

The Globe and Mail
East Libyan forces say they have full control of El Sharara oilfield  Reuters

BENGHAZI, Libya (Reuters) - Eastern Libyan military forces have full control of Libya's biggest oilfield, El Sharara, a spokesman said, in a challenge to the ...

Empowered decentralization: A city-based strategy for rebuilding Libya  Brookings Institution

In this report, experts argue for a new U.S. approach to Libya that centers on the concept of reinvigorated American engagement.

Brookings Institution
Egypt 2019: Amapakabo invites 33 to camp for Libya clash  Vanguard

Head Coach Imama Amapakabo has called to camp 33 players ahead of next month's Africa U23 Cup of Nations qualifying fixture between Nigeria and Libya.

Canada to welcome hundreds of refugees from Libya  CNN

Canada will take in 750 refugees from Libya, some rescued from migrant detention centers.

European Council receives credentials of Libyan ambassador  The Libya Observer

Ambassador Hafez Gadur presented his credentials to the President of the European Council, Donald Tusk as Ambassador of Libya to the European Union.

The Libya Observer
Libya: reconciliation conference delay could fuel military solution  The Guardian

Political process is being sabotaged by those who believe conflict is only option, says UN special envoy.

The Guardian
Conflict erupts for control of Libya's largest oil field  The Guardian

Fighting has broken out over the future of Libya's largest oil field, as forces loyal to the UN-recognised Tripoli-based government battle Libyan National Army ...

The Guardian
Three Jordanians detained in Libya will be soon released, says Foreign Ministry  Libyan Express

Jordan's Ministry of Foreign Affairs said Tuesday that it had been following up on the issue of three Jordanians kidnapped in Libya since last August.

Libyan Express
East Libyan force stops plane in campaign for south  Reuters

A jet from Khalifa Haftar's east Libyan military forces intercepted a civilian plane on Sunday as part of its push to control the oil-rich south of the riven nation, the ...

Libya's eastern Foreign Ministry accuses rival government in Tripoli of using embassies to advocate falsehood  The Libya Observer

The Interim Government's Foreign Ministry in eastern Libya has accused the Presidential Council's government in Tripoli headed by Fayez Al-Sirraj of having ...

The Libya Observer
HoR member underlines Tabu's right to self-determination  The Libya Observer

Member of the House of Representatives (HoR) for the city of Murzuk Rahma Abu Bakr said that the Tabu community have the right to demand ...

The Libya Observer
Repairing work at Tripoli International Airport resumes  The Libya Observer

The Libyan Ministry of Transportation said it had resumed work at the Tripoli International Airport after being suspended over the recent clashes in southern ...

The Libya Observer
The EU’s deal with Libya is sentencing refugees to death  The Guardian

I am in daily contact with people in Libyan detention centres. Any hope that the country might be a safe haven has gone, leaving only death and despair.

The Guardian
Clashes between rival groups kill at least two people in Libya  Aljazeera.com

Wednesday's fighting in Tripoli violated a UN-brokered ceasefire signed four months ago.

Libya's oil chief calls for national force to guard petroleum installations  The Guardian

Mustafa Sanalla says specialist unit needed to end repeated seizures of oil assets by militias.

The Guardian
Global Intelligence Report - 13th February 2019 | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

There is a power play going on within the Libyan Interior Ministry, a power play that is soon to come to an end with serious geopolitical consequences.

FAO in the 2019 humanitarian appeal: Libya - Humanitarian Response Plan 2019 - Libya  ReliefWeb

English Appeal on Libya about Agriculture, Coordination, Children, IDPs and more; published on 11 Feb 2019 by FAO.

Libya's Arabian Gulf ups output to 314,000 bpd as wells connected: source  Reuters

Libya's Arabian Gulf Company, a subsidiary of state oil firm NOC, has increased its output to 314000 barrels per day (bpd) after connecting three additional wells ...

Malta's Medavia Unveils Plans For Domestic Libyan Airline  Forbes

Libyan travelers should be able to fly with a new domestic airline next year thanks to Mediterranean Aviation Company Ltd (Medavia), a charter operator and ...

Migrants calling us in distress from the Mediterranean returned to Libya by deadly 'refoulement' industry  The Conversation - UK

When they called us from the sea, the 106 precarious travellers referred to their boat as a white balloon. This balloon, or rubber dinghy, was meant to carry them ...

The Conversation - UK
Libya: $202 million needed to bring life-saving aid to half a million people hit by humanitarian crisis  UN News

The United Nations and its aid partners, together with the interim Government of Libya, launched on Tuesday a humanitarian response plan (HRP), appealing ...

UN News
Chadian army captures 250 rebels from Libya  africanews

The Chadian military on Saturday said it had captured more than 250 rebels, including some top leaders, after an operation against a convoy of militants trying to ...

Canada resettling more than 450 slaves from Libya over next 2 years; 150 arrived last year  Global News

Most of the people being resettled are migrants who were captured while trying to transit through Libya en route to Europe, a government official said.

Global News
French air strikes target convoy entering Chad from Libya  FRANCE 24 English

French fighter jets struck targets in northern Chad on Sunday in support of local troops trying to repel a convoy of unidentified fighters that had crossed the ...

FRANCE 24 English
EU support for Libya contributes to 'extreme abuse' of refugees, says study  The Guardian

Human Rights Watch accuses EU institutions of sustaining network of 'inhuman and degrading' migrant detention centres.

The Guardian
Libya continue to frustrate Bafana by remaining tight-lipped about Afcon qualifier's logistics  TimesLIVE

South African are still to be informed where they will be taking on Libya in their decisive Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) qualifier next month‚ causing some ...

An Atheist Metal Musician Gives Libya a New Song  OZY

Meet the Berber father of metal music, Bendeq Bendeq, who's betting on his countrymen learning a new tune.

Bafana's curious case of cold storage before key Libya clash  Sport24

Bafana will have curiously completed a period of more than four months in cold storage without a match before taking on Libya in the do-or-die AFCON qualifier, ...

Libya photographer Ben Khalifa captured chaos of civil war  Quartz

Mohamed Ben Khalifa captured the chaos and complexity of Libya's civil war.

Head of High Council of State says Egypt's Sisi is looking for similar regime to his in Libya  The Libya Observer

The Head of the High Council of State (HCS) Khalid Al-Mishri said Egypt's President Abdel Fattah El-Sisi is intervening in Libya's domestic affairs in order to ...

The Libya Observer
Scores of migrants unaccounted for after boat capsizes off Libya  Al Jazeera English

Three rescued migrants say up to 117 others were on board dinghy that capsized, 93km northeast of Tripoli.

Al Jazeera English
I bribed the Libyans. It's how things work in hopelessly corrupt countries: Neil Macdonald  CBC.ca

The Quebec engineering firm SNC-Lavalin is accused of having bribed Libyan officials in order to do business in that hopelessly corrupt country. Well, so have I ...

A closer look at SNC-Lavalin's sometimes murky past  CBC News

One of Canada's biggest engineering companies is at the centre of what appears to be a growing scandal engulfing Prime Minister Justin Trudeau and his ...

CBC News
Hundreds of former slaves headed to Canada were exploited and abused in Libya: UN  CBC.ca

Hundreds of refugees coming to Canada were lured from their home countries by criminals, detained in horrible conditions in Libya and sold into slavery, says ...

Green initiative enhances tree planting in Libya  africanews

Desertification in Libya is been met by a nation wide initiative where hundreds of volunteers are planting thousands of trees. Over the past two years, the ...

More than 140 rescued migrants taken to Libya: UN  Al Jazeera English

More than 140 refugees and migrants rescued at sea by a cargo ship landed in Libya and were taken to a detention centre, the United Nations said on Tuesday.

Al Jazeera English
Nearly 4000 people killed, injured or kidnapped in Libyan violence in 2018  Citizen

Libyan men walk amidst debris of a destroyed building in the town of Al-Goualiche, 120 kilometres (75 miles) west of the capital Tripoli. AFP/Mahmud TURKIA ...

Championing rogue warlord Haftar, Russia reveals true agenda in Libya  The New Arab

Analysis: Russia's intention to play a greater role in Libya has launched numerous speculations about Moscow's agenda in this war-ravaged country.

The New Arab
Egypt secretly backs Gaddafi's son in Libya elections  Middle East Monitor

Egypt is reported to have led covert efforts to support Saif Al-Islam Gaddafi, son of the late Libyan leader Muammar Gaddafi, in the upcoming presidential ...

Middle East Monitor
Belgian royal Prince Laurent chose Libyan exile with Gaddafi  The Times

Prince Laurent of Belgium was so unhappy in his homeland that he sought exile in Libya before the fall of the dictator Colonel Gaddafi.Laurent, 55, the younger ...

The Times
LNA top brass flex muscles in south, engage in positive image projection |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. The LNA top brass arrived in south Libya today to emphasise their recent military success (Photo: LNA). London, 13 February 2019: The top ...

Libya Herald
Libya arrests suspected al Qaeda leader, source says  Reuters Africa

Libyan authorities have arrested a suspected al Qaeda leader who fled from the eastern city of Derna, once a jihadist bastion, a source in the attorney general's ...

Reuters Africa
Baxter mulls over options against Libya  SowetanLIVE Sunday World

Stuart Baxter will wait until the eve of next month's crucial Africa Cup of Nations qualifier against Libya to decide on his approach.

SowetanLIVE Sunday World
Medavia planning domestic Libyan flights  Malta Independent Online

Mediterranean Aviation Company Ltd (Medavia) expects to expand and begin offering internal, domestic flights in Libya, in addition to its current *service* from ...

Malta Independent Online
Red Crescent recovers 10 corpses from Derna  The Libya Observer

The Red Crescent Derna branch retrieved 10 unidentified bodies from the Old City area on Monday. The General Secretariat of the Red Crescent said on ...

The Libya Observer
Aid group: Boat carrying 150 people in distress off Libya  ABC News

An Italian aid group is reporting that a migrant smuggling ship with an estimated 150 people on board is in distress off Libya. The Mediterranea Saving Humans ...

ABC News
Four Libyan soldiers die in first clash of force's southward push  Reuters

BENGHAZI, Libya (Reuters) - At least four Libyan soldiers were killed on Friday when forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar fought with a local armed group as they ...

Oil tumbles on growth concerns and Libyan output speculation  Financial Times

Oil prices extended their decline on Thursday amid signs Libya may soon boost production and renewed concerns about the outlook for global growth and the ...

Financial Times
African Union head calls for international Libya summit  Anadolu Agency

Libyans need consensus, working constitution, and elections, and we can support this, bloc chairman tells annual summit - Anadolu Agency.

Anadolu Agency
Libya's Governments Agree on Mega Port Project  The Maritime Executive

Libyas government authorities in the East and West have formally agreed to jointly support what is e...

The Maritime Executive
Pope in UAE: Reject wars in Yemen, Syria, Iraq and Libya  Aljazeera.com

In first-ever Arabian Peninsula visit, Pope Francis said, 'No violence can be justified in the name of religion.'

Libya: Displaced Population Can't Go Home  Human Rights Watch

Most of the 48000 former residents of the Libyan town of Tawergha, forcibly displaced for seven years, have not been able to return home, Human Rights Watch ...

Human Rights Watch
Opinion: We must stop sending Irish animals to Libya where they face a cruel death  TheJournal.ie

Terrified bulls are often strung up by a hind leg while fully conscious, before having their throats slashed at repeatedly until they bleed to death, writes Caroline ...

Libya's eastern Air Force forces civilian plane to land in Sabha's Teminhint airbase  The Libya Observer

Warplanes under the command of the east-based self-styled army of Khalifa Haftar forced Sunday a civilian plane heading from El Feel oilfield to Tripoli to land ...

The Libya Observer
UN organizing national conference in Libya in coming weeks  Ledger-Enquirer

The U.N. envoy for Libya says the United Nations is seeking to bring Libyans together in the coming weeks to agree on a national agenda to rebuild the fractured ...

PC meets foreign media and vows to facilitate their work |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. The Serraj government has vowed its support for the freedom of foreign meda representatves operating n Libya (Photo: Social Media). London ...

Libya Herald
France and Italy Fighting Over Libyan Oil: Is This Why They Killed Gaddafi?  The African Exponent

France and Italy are fighting over Libyan oil and destroying the country in the process. NATO killed Gaddafi so as to access Libya; now Europeans are tussling ...

The African Exponent
Libya Reopens Oil Ports After Prolonged Halt | OilPrice.com  OilPrice.com

Libya reopened on Thursday all its oil loading terminals where operations were suspended for nearly a week due to inclement weather.

Fish perish en masse in Libyan lake  africanews

Scientists at the Asmaria Islamic University in the nearby town of Zliten have been running tests on fishes that have been washed up on the lake shore.

Libyan Muslim Brotherhood had relatively little support from Libyan people: report |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. An ICSR report published today details the relative failure of Libya's Muslim Brotherhood since 2011 (Photo: ICSR). London, 30 January 2019:.

Libya Herald
Libya's Attorney General issues arrest warrant for former LIA Chairman Breish |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. Libya's AG issues arrest warrant for former LIA Chairman Abdulmajid Breish on charges of impersonation and wasting LIA funds (Photo: LIA).

Libya Herald
East Libyan warplanes strike near El Feel oilfield: Al Hadath TV  Reuters

East Libyan forces warplanes have struck targets near the El Feel oilfield, the al Hadath TV station reported on Saturday.

Libya's Largest Oil Field Seized By Forces Loyal To Khalifa Haftar – African News – African News Network | Latest African News | Nigerian News | Breaking News  African News Network

Libya`s largest Sharara oil field with a production capacity of 300,000 barrels of oil per day has been reported seized by forces loyal to Khalifa Haftar, who ...

African News Network
The Latest: Czech, Libyan leaders pledge cooperation  Charlotte Observer

The Czech Republic's prime minister has pledged his country's full support for Fayez Serraj, the prime minister of the U.N.-backed Libyan government in the ...

Charlotte Observer
From TPF to WRPF: western Libya militias seek to amalgamate |  Libya Herald

By Sami Zaptia. The TPF has announced that it will be integrating into a new Western Region Protection Force. The TPF has announced that it will soon be ...

Libya Herald
New crisis looms as 150 people drift at sea in the central Mediterranean  Times of Malta

Maltese and Italian maritime rescue authorities have been alerted to a boat in distress with 150 people on board off Libya. The boat, which NGO Alarm Phone ...

Times of Malta
Frozen Libyan assets 'released to Gaddafi's family – but not IRA victims'  Belfast Newsletter

Victims of Gaddafi-IRA terrorism will be “extremely angry” to learn that government has probably released some of his £12bn fortune frozen in the UK to his ...

Belfast Newsletter
A Facebook War: Libyans Battle on the Streets and on Screens  The New York Times

A new wave of fighting shook Tripoli this past week. For many combatants Facebook, which has huge influence in Libya, is a key weapon.

The New York Times
How to bring peace to Libya  The Economist

IT IS BY FAR the preferred jumping-off point for migrants hoping to reach Europe. Jihadists use its ungoverned spaces to train and plot attacks at home and ...

The Economist
The Lust for Libya: How a Nation was Torn Apart | Libya  Aljazeera.com

The legacy of the life and death of Colonel Muammar Gaddafi.

West 'risks helping political hijack of Libya's peace talks'  The Guardian

Former Libyan ambassador to UN issues warning over western interests.

The Guardian
Week of chaos a reminder that Libya is still broken  CNN

Shelling hits the airport. Hospitals get caught in the crossfire. Migrants huddle in detention facilities between warring militias. And standoffs between factions with ...

Libya to boycott Arab summit over attacks on flag  EWN

The UN-backed Government of National Accord said the Lebanese government had failed to prevent the attack on Libya's flag.

Libya: 3 dead in attack on foreign ministry building in Tripoli  Al Jazeera English

Three Libyans among the dead as suicide attackers target building in the capital with gunfire and explosives.

Al Jazeera English
Libya's biggest oil field is being held hostage, but even that won't boost prices  CNBC

Libya's state-owned National Oil Corporation declared force majeure on operations at its biggest oilfield late Monday night amid a standoff with armed protesters ...

Russia Has a Plan for Libya—Another Qaddafi  Bloomberg

Vladimir Putin is working to fill voids left around the world as Donald Trump puts America first.

Oil Lower After Libyan Supply News and US-China Trade Comments  MarketPulse

West Texas Intermediate fell 2.48 percent on Thursday as US President Donald Trump confirmed he would not meet the Chinese President before the tariff ...

Surge in fighting among Libya’s ‘super militias’ imperils Western peace efforts  The Washington Post

CAIRO — The rise of “super militias,” which last month triggered the worst spasm of violence in the Libyan capital Tripoli in four years, has exposed the ...

The Washington Post
I am a refugee in a Libyan camp. Conditions are so bad, people are dying  The Guardian

Even if UN inspectors see guards beat us or steal our things, they do nothing, says Eritrean refugee Thomas Issak.

The Guardian
Libya's oil production could soar higher despite OPEC weighing cuts  CNBC

Libya's output has skyrocketed to its highest level in more than five years, reaching 1.28 million barrels per day by November, more than double its June ...

Nearly 80 rescued migrants forced off cargo ship in Libya  CNN

Dozens of rescued migrants have been forced off a cargo ship after it docked at a Libya port following an eleven-day standoff.

How can Libya be stabilised?  Al Jazeera English

Efforts to stabilise the situation in Libya should start with curbing foreign interference in the country.

Al Jazeera English
The Palermo conference on Libya: A diplomatic test for Italy’s new government  Brookings Institution

Amid Libya's ongoing chaos, the Italian government organized an international conference in Palermo on November 12 and 13 to advance the United ...

Brookings Institution
How France and Italy’s Rivalry Is Hurting Libya  Foreign Affairs

Rome has an opportunity to help the UN advance several crucial elements of its peace efforts in Libya.

Foreign Affairs
Libya migrants scribble on prison wall: 'People were sold here'  Al Jazeera English

Detainees protest against smuggling networks in Libya, where many are allegedly sold and resold numerous times.

Al Jazeera English
Libya: child refugees abused in UK-funded detention centres  The Guardian

Child refugees are facing abuse and malnutrition in a network of 26 Libyan detention centres the British government is helping to fund, the Guardian has learned ...

The Guardian
Libya: 'Substantial civilian casualties' in Derna, UN humanitarian chief 'deeply concerned'  UN News

Increasing hostilities in the oil-rich city of Derna are becoming an increasing source of concern said the UN Humanitarian Coordinator for Libya on Friday, ...

UN News
Libyan Warlord Embraced by Foreign Leaders as a Key to Peace  The Wall Street Journal

Despite allegations of human-rights abuses, Libyan Commander Khalifa Haftar gains influence as he vanquishes Islamist militias and expands control over the ...

The Wall Street Journal
Migrants fleeing Libya refuse to leave ship and be sent back to camps  The Guardian

A total of 81 people on the cargo ship, some from Sudan, say they are staying put.

The Guardian
Migrant crisis: Libya opposes EU plan for centres, says minister  BBC News

Libya's foreign minister says his country opposes a European Union plan to set up assessment centres for migrants outside the EU. The plan was drawn up by ...

BBC News
Libya's Muammar Gaddafi, Rendition and the West | Libya  Aljazeera.com

Investigating allegations that the UK and US colluded with Gaddafi to hand over his opponents for detention and torture.


Libya Videos

Nigeria vs Libya 4-0 Highlights Africa Cup of Nations 2018
Nigeria vs Libya 4-0 Highlights Africa Cup of Nations 2018
Life After Qaddafi — Libya: A Broken State
Life After Qaddafi — Libya: A Broken State
Geography Now! LIBYA
Geography Now! LIBYA
Dramatic video shows Libya rebels fighting 'Gaddafi loyalists'
Dramatic video shows Libya rebels fighting 'Gaddafi loyalists'
लीबिया एक अजीब देश // Libya a amazing country
लीबिया एक अजीब देश // Libya a amazing country
Libya's overflowing migrant prisons
Libya's overflowing migrant prisons
Front Lines of the Libyan Revolution (Documentary)
Front Lines of the Libyan Revolution (Documentary)
Libyan Army In Heavy Clashes With ISIS During Battle For Derna
Libyan Army In Heavy Clashes With ISIS During Battle For Derna
Libya's Leader Speaks Out
Libya's Leader Speaks Out

Libya Images

Nafusa Mountains,Libya, November 2004 | Sludge G | Flickr
Nafusa Mountains,Libya, November 2004 | Sludge G | Flickr
Severan Basilica, Leptis Magna, Libya. | IMG_4832 ...
Severan Basilica, Leptis Magna, Libya. | IMG_4832 ...
File:Panathenaic prize amphora of a chariot race, Made in ...
File:Panathenaic prize amphora of a chariot race, Made in ...
Sabratha, Libya- Roman Theatre | Jai Mukerji | Flickr
Sabratha, Libya- Roman Theatre | Jai Mukerji | Flickr
النهر الصناعي العظيم Libya - paid 200 dirham postcard,Mash ...
النهر الصناعي العظيم Libya - paid 200 dirham postcard,Mash ...
Bizarre Libyan Muammar Gaddafi Postage Stamps | Public ...
Bizarre Libyan Muammar Gaddafi Postage Stamps | Public ...
Shaha Riza - Wikipedia
Shaha Riza - Wikipedia
Galerie de photos - Cyrene
Galerie de photos - Cyrene
Earth Hour: The Coca-Cola Company
Earth Hour: The Coca-Cola Company
Missing Migrants Project
Missing Migrants Project

Libya WebSites


Libya Wiki

Libya ( (listen); Arabic: ليبيا‎, translit. Lībiyā), officially the State of Libya, is a country in the Maghreb region in North Africa, bordered by the Mediterranean Sea to the north, Egypt to the east, Sudan to the southeast, Chad to the south, Niger to the southwest, Algeria to the west, and Tunisia to the northwest. The sovereign state is made of three historical regions: Tripolitania, Fezzan and Cyrenaica. With an area of almost 1.8 million square kilometres (700,000 sq mi), Libya is the fourth largest country in Africa, and is the 16th largest country in the world. Libya has the 10th-largest proven oil reserves of any country in the world. The largest city and capital, Tripoli, is located in western Libya and contains over one million of Libya's six million people. The second-largest city is Benghazi, which is located in eastern Libya.Libya has been inhabited by Berbers since the late Bronze Age. The Phoenicians established trading posts in western Libya, and ancient Greek colonists established city-states in eastern Libya. Libya was variously ruled by Carthaginians, Persians, Egyptians and Greeks before becoming a part of the Roman Empire. Libya was an early centre of Christianity. After the fall of the Western Roman Empire, the area of Libya was mostly occupied by the Vandals until the 7th century, when invasions brought Islam to the region. In the 16th century, the Spanish Empire and the Knights of St John occupied Tripoli, until Ottoman rule began in 1551. Libya was involved in the Barbary Wars of the 18th and 19th centuries. Ottoman rule continued until the Italian occupation of Libya resulted in the temporary Italian Libya colony from 1911 to 1947. During the Second World War, Libya was an important area of warfare in the North African Campaign. The Italian population then went into decline.Libya became independent as a kingdom in 1951. A military coup in 1969 overthrew King Idris I. The "bloodless" coup leader Muammar Gaddafi ruled the country from 1969 and the Libyan Cultural Revolution in 1973 until he was overthrown and killed in the 2011 Libyan Civil War. Two authorities initially claimed to govern Libya: the Council of Deputies in Tobruk and the 2014 General National Congress (GNC) in Tripoli, which considered itself the continuation of the General National Congress, elected in 2012. After UN-led peace talks between the Tobruk and Tripoli governments, a unified interim UN-backed Government of National Accord was established in 2015, and the GNC disbanded to support it. Parts of Libya remain outside either government's control, with various Islamist, rebel and tribal militias administering some areas. As of July 2017, talks are still ongoing between the GNA and the Tobruk-based authorities to end the strife and unify the divided establishments of the state, including the Libyan National Army and the Central Bank of Libya.Libya is a member of the United Nations (since 1955), the Non-Aligned Movement, the Arab League, the OIC and OPEC. The country's official religion is Islam, with 96.6% of the Libyan population being Sunni Muslims.