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Japan NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 10:13:03 GMTGoogle News
The Live-Action Movie Of 'Your Name' Is No Longer Set In Japan  Forbes

Apart from the news that the live-action movie adaptation of 'Your Name' is going ahead with Marc Webb as director, it also appears that this new film will no ...

Forbes
Coke raises prices in Japan, swallowing higher costs no more  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- Soft drink companies in Japan have put aside their long-held fear of losing market shares, moving to raise prices amid soaring expenses for l.

Nikkei Asian Review
Same-Sex Couples Sue For The Right To Marry In Japan  NPR

Thirteen same-sex couples have filed a lawsuit in Japan arguing that the country's rejection of same-sex marriage violates their constitutional rights. It's the first ...

NPR
Japan lures foreigners to local universities with visa incentive  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- Japan will make it easier for foreign graduates of regional universities to get visas as highly skilled professionals, a move designed to ste.

Nikkei Asian Review
Australia wins opening Sydney SailGP races over Japan  Centre Daily Times

Tom Slingsby and his Australia high-speed catamaran won the opening Sydney SailGP event, finishing first in four of the five fleet races and then winning the ...

Centre Daily Times
Cabinet OKs limiting health insurance coverage to Japan residents  Japan Today

The cabinet of Prime Minister Shinzo Abe approved a bill Friday that will make the country's health insurance program for employees applicable only to workers ...

Japan Today
Japan to protect water and electricity from shady telecom equipment  Nikkei Asian Review

TOKYO -- Japan will call on operators of critical infrastructure, such as water and electricity, to caution against procuring telecommunications equipment that ...

Nikkei Asian Review
Evo Japan stream goes offline when Dead or Alive 6 segment gets raunchy  Polygon

Koei Tecmo's Dead or Alive 6 promotion at Evo Japan 2019 led organizers to shut down their Twitch stream after a NSFW display.

Polygon
N Korea says Japanese abductee alive in Pyongyang  Japan Today

North Korea has confirmed that a Japanese man abducted by its agents in the late 1970s is living in Pyongyang with his wife, a Japanese official said Friday.

Japan Today
81-year-old widow only resident on remote island at heart of Japan, Korea dispute  Fox News

An 81-year-old former free diver is the only living resident on a tiny island in the middle of the Sea of Japan caught up in one of the most heated territorial land ...

Fox News
Japan's part in Sinai cease-fire appreciated  NHK WORLD

Japan's Foreign Minister Taro Kono has told his Egyptian counterpart that Japan is considering sending several senior Ground Self-Defense Force officials to ...

NHK WORLD
Japan's economy shows modest rebound in October-December quarter  The Japan Times

Japan's economy grew at an annualized rate of 1.4 percent in the October-December quarter, government data showed Thursday, signaling only a modest ...

The Japan Times
Why the EU-Japan trade deal matters for Brexit  EUROPP - European Politics and Policy

The EU-Japan Economic Partnership Agreement entered into force at the start of this month, but it is unclear whether the UK can retain the benefits of the ...

EUROPP - European Politics and Policy
Japan's Kono presses South Korean minister to stop asset seizure  Nikkei Asian Review

MUNICH -- Japanese Foreign Minister Taro Kono and South Korean counterpart Kang Kyung-wha made little progress toward a diplomatic thaw at a meeting h.

Nikkei Asian Review
Osaka in the spotlight ahead of G20 and elections  The Japan Times

OSAKA - January and early February in Kansai, and Japan as a whole, is a busy time for local leaders. New Year's greetings are exchanged by (mostly) elderly ...

The Japan Times
Bullet train ticket machines fail across Japan  The Japan Times

Ticket machines were out of *service* at some stations Friday on bullet train lines across Japan due to a technical glitch. The machines went offline in the.

The Japan Times
The $89,000 Verdict Tearing Japan and South Korea Apart  The New York Times

SEOUL, South Korea — Until recently, few had heard of PNR, a company in South Korea that turns sludge from steel mills into iron. Then a 94-year-old man ...

The New York Times
Why Japanese women rebel against Valentine's day, but still buy chocolate  CNN

Japanese women are rebelling against a decades-old Valentine's Day tradition that obliges them to give chocolates to the men in their lives.

CNN
Mayweather to fight exhibition for $10M in July in Japan  Boxing News 24

By Allan Fox: Floyd Mayweather Jr. says he's going to be fighting in July in another three-round exhibition match in Japan, and he'll be making $10.

Boxing News 24
Japan's Bone Marrow Bank Inquiries Spike With Ikee Announcement  SwimSwam

In response to the shocking news that Japanese swimming superstar and potential multiple Tokyo 2020 medal contender Rikako Ikee has been diagnosed with ...

SwimSwam
Japanese man abducted in 1970s is living in North Korea with his wife  South China Morning Post

Minoru Tanaka went missing at age 28 after leaving for Europe; Japan officially lists 17 of its citizens as having been kidnapped by North Korean agents in the ...

South China Morning Post
Japan’s Women Need More Than Jobs  Bloomberg

If the country wants to slow its population decline, it's going to have to abolish its two-track labor system.

Bloomberg
Japan, EU To Make Automatic Braking Standard In New Cars  autoTRADER.ca

Forty countries have signed on to a United Nations draft regulation requiring that automatic braking be made standard in new cars. Those initial signatories ...

autoTRADER.ca
Rugby World Cup: Remembering the shock of the century  CNN

A stunning defeat over South Africa at the 2015 Rugby World Cup changed Japanese rugby forever.

CNN
Việt Nam – Japan partnership aims to contribute to regional peace, prosperity  Viet Nam News

nbsp;The defining aim of the Việt Nam – Japan partnership is to contribute to regional peace and prosperity, Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe said in an ...

Viet Nam News
Derma Louvre, Master Fencer Seek Points On Japan Road To The Kentucky Derby - Horse Racing News  Paulick Report

Triple Crown-nominated Derma Louvre (JPN) and Master Fencer (JPN) are among the 12 horses that were entered for Sunday morning's Hyacinth at Tokyo ...

Paulick Report
Japan takes early lead at SailGP Sydney  Scuttlebutt Sailing News

Sydney, Australia (February 15, 2019) – In front of thousands of spectators on Sydney Harbor, the new sailing league SailGP got underway with widely ...

Scuttlebutt Sailing News
Japan demands apology from South Korea over remarks on emperor  Aljazeera.com

Tokyo lodges complaint with Seoul after national assembly speaker calls emperor 'son of main culprit in war crimes'.

Aljazeera.com
Rikako Ikee: Japan's swim star diagnosed with leukemia  CNN

Rikako Ikee, one of Japan's most talented swimmers and a contender for multiple medals at the 2020 Tokyo Olympics, has been diagnosed with leukemia.

CNN
EU plays tough with Cambodia  The Japan Times

Concerned by ongoing human rights abuses, the European Union has threatened to suspend Cambodia's preferential access to its market. Cambodia ...

The Japan Times
Death of girl, 10, shines spotlight on child abuse in Japan  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) The death of a 10-year-old girl, allegedly at the hands of her abusive father after authorities failed to respond to pleas for help, has prompted soul ...

CNN
Eddie Alvarez feels he owes it to the Japanese fans to compete in Tokyo  FanSided

Former Bellator and UFC champion turned ONE Championship fighter, Eddie Alvarez, feels he owes it to the Japanese fans to compete in Tokyo.

FanSided
Australians join battle to stop brutal dolphin slaughter in Japan  ABC News

Ten years after the film The Cove sparked global outrage over the annual dolphin hunts in Taiji, Australian and Japanese environmentalists are teaming up to ...

ABC News
Jets flying high for ACL test in Japan  Border Chronicle

Jets coach Ernie Merrick believes his squad will be running on adrenaline for the Asian Champions League clash with title-holders Kashima Antlers after a mora ...

Border Chronicle
Japan’s Scientific Whaling Ruse Is Over  Foreign Policy

The government of Japan announced the country's departure from the International Whaling Commission (IWC) in December 2018, along with its intention to ...

Foreign Policy
Japan seeking big concessions from Britain in trade talks  The Guardian

Japan is seeking tougher concessions from Britain in trade talks than it secured from the EU, while negotiations between London and Tokyo are also being ...

The Guardian
Japan's arty-pelago: Naoshima and beyond | Travel  The Guardian

Among shrines, rice fields and abandoned buildings, contemporary art has transformed 12 rural islands into a creative paradise – the setting for the 2019 ...

The Guardian
Japan's government warns of 'extremely serious situation' as swine fever spreads to five prefectures  The Japan Times

NAGOYA - A swine fever epidemic is continuing to spread in Japan, with local authorities in five central and western Japan prefectures saying Wednesday they ...

The Japan Times
Japan's Stealth Figher: What Happenned?  The National Interest Online

While a deal brokered with Japan might shave some of the cost, the initial price seems comparable to that of developing a new design from scratch—though it ...

The National Interest Online
Future - The plight of Japan's modern hermits  BBC News

(This article is illustrated with a series of portraits by photographer Maika Elan.) In today's connected world it can feel difficult to disengage. An endless stream of ...

BBC News
Major Japanese convenience store chains to stop selling pornography ahead of Rugby World Cup  CNN

Two of Japan's major convenience store chains will take sexually explicit material off their shelves by the summer, ahead of major sporting events that will see a ...

CNN
Answering the call: The women on the front lines of Japan's defense  CNN

The first time 22-year-old Teruko Hirayama stepped on board a navy ship, she was transfixed by the hardware.

CNN
Japan's deputy prime minister blames women 'not giving birth' for declining population  CNN

Japan's deputy prime minister has come under fire after apparently blaming childless women for Japan's demographic woes.

CNN
The mysterious case of Japan's 'dancing zombie squid'  BBC News

Katsu ika odori-don came to global attention in 2010 thanks to a YouTube video that went viral. But how did this unique phenomenon come about?

BBC News
South Korea Lawmaker Seeks Imperial Apology for Japan Sex Slaves  Bloomberg

Japan's emperor should hold hands with women forced to work in the country's military brothels and make a personal apology if Tokyo wants to end the ...

Bloomberg
The Carlos Ghosn case is putting Japan's system of 'hostage justice' under scrutiny  CNN

The prolonged detention of auto executive Carlos Ghosn has brought heightened international attention to the way people suspected of crimes are treated in ...

CNN
Victim-blaming outcry as Japan pop star says sorry after alleged assault by fans  The Guardian

Band manager criticised for silence after Maho Yamaguchi, a singer with NGT48, said she was attacked at her home.

The Guardian
Inside the Weird, Dangerous World of Japan's Girl 'Idols'  The Daily Beast

In Japan's “Idol” Industry cute young girls often are used and abused. One victim spoke out—then apologized.

The Daily Beast
Why some Japanese pensioners want to go to jail  BBC News

Japan is in the grip of an elderly crime wave - the proportion of crimes committed by people over the age of 65 has been steadily increasing for 20 years.

BBC News
Long-distance laundry: Japanese startup unveils remote-controlled robot that deals with your dirties  The Japan Times

In a few years, perhaps for some the most dreaded household chore may be taken over by robots. Robot startup Mira Robotics unveiled Thursday a machine ...

The Japan Times
Photo Gallery: Trippy Nocturnal Photos Capture Japan's Ever-Shifting Aura  WIRED

Jean-Vincent Simonet's frenetic photos of Japan aren't your average tourist shots. There are no flowering cherry trees, misty shrines, or snowy peaks—instead, ...

WIRED
Classic stove train takes travelers through Japan's wintery landscapes  CNN

Some travelers in Japan prefer a scenic slow ride through a wintery landscape on regional trains, such as the historic "stove train" operated by Tsugaru Railway ...

CNN
Billionaires, Luxury Hotels Discover Japan’s Aspen  The Wall Street Journal

Niseko in Japan's snowy northern island of Hokkaido is emerging as Asia's answer to Aspen and St. Moritz, drawing billionaires to its slopes and, soon, global ...

The Wall Street Journal
Wreck of Japanese World War II battleship found off Solomon islands  CNN

Hong Kong (CNN) The first Japanese battleship sunk by US forces during World War II has been found off Guadalcanal, the largest of the Solomon Islands and ...

CNN
EU-Japan trade agreement enters into force  EU News

The Economic Partnership Agreement (EPA) between the EU and Japan enters into force on 1 February 2019. Businesses and consumers across Europe and in ...

EU News
Will people ditch cash for cryptocurrency? Japan is about to find out  MIT Technology Review

The world's largest experiment in using blockchain-based networks to pay for things is about to begin.

MIT Technology Review
Japan's Supreme Court upholds transgender sterilization requirement  NBCNews.com

Japan's Supreme Court has upheld a law that effectively requires transgender people to be sterilized before they can have their gender changed on official ...

NBCNews.com
Japan's New(ish) Aircraft Carriers: Reviving Japanese Naval Aviation  Foreign Policy Research Institute

With remarkably little fuss, the Japanese Diet approved the latest iteration of Japan's National Defense Program Guidelines in December 2018. The new ...

Foreign Policy Research Institute
Sightings of rare oarfish in Japan raise fears of earthquake and tsunami  CNN

Fears of an incoming natural disaster in Japan are swirling online after sightings of a deep-water fish believed to be a harbinger of earthquakes and tsunamis.

CNN
Apple Supplier in Japan Looks to Taiwan for Bailout After iPhone XR Letdown  The Wall Street Journal

The disappointing performance of Apple's iPhone XR is rippling through the global supply chain, leading Japan Display to seek a bailout from an investor group ...

The Wall Street Journal
Japan's approval of stem-cell treatment for spinal-cord injury concerns scientists  Nature.com

Japan has approved a stem-cell treatment for spinal-cord injuries. The event marks the first such therapy for this kind of injury to receive government approval for ...

Nature.com
European Commission - PRESS RELEASES - Press release - European Commission adopts adequacy decision on Japan, creating the world's largest area of safe data flows  EU News

The Commission has adopted today its adequacy decision on Japan, allowing personal data to flow freely between the two economies on the basis of strong ...

EU News
Japan’s SBI Invests $15 Million In Crypto Card Wallet Maker Tangem  CoinDesk

Japanese financial services giant SBI Group has invested $15 million in Swiss startup Tangem, maker of a slimline hardware wallet for cryptocurrencies.

CoinDesk
Rent-a-sister: Coaxing Japan's young men out of their rooms  BBC News

At least half a million young men in Japan are thought to have withdrawn from society, and refuse to leave their bedrooms. They're known as hikikomori.

BBC News
Japan: Major Messenger LINE Partners with Financial Giant to Create Blockchain Alliance  Cointelegraph

Major Japanese messaging app LINE partners with local financial giant Nomura Holdings to create a financial alliance focused on blockchain.

Cointelegraph
Govt. to access home devices in security survey  NHK WORLD

Japan will attempt to access Internet-connected devices in homes and offices to find their vulnerabilities. The first-of-its-kind survey is aimed at beefing up ...

NHK WORLD
Naomi Osaka sponsor Nissin retracts Cup Noodle YouTube ads after 'whitewashing' uproar  The Japan Times

Following uproar over accusations of whitewashing, Nissin Foods Holdings Co. on Wednesday removed advertisements from YouTube featuring an animated ...

The Japan Times
A Japanese company is making eerily hyper-realistic masks  BBC News

Watch the video above and see if can you tell the masks from a human face.

BBC News
Japanese government plans to hack into citizens' IoT devices  ZDNet

Japanese government wants to secure IoT devices before Tokyo 2020 Olympics and avoid Olympic Destroyer and VPNFilter-like attacks.

ZDNet
Blockstream Breaks into Japanese Market with JPY Stablecoin, Partnership  Bitcoin Magazine

Blockstream is partnering with Japanese fintech giant Digital Garage to bring a JPY stablecoin to the Bitcoin network. To spearhead the project, Blockstream and ...

Bitcoin Magazine
Japanese Finance Giant SBI Holdings, Blockchain Firm R3 Officially Announce Joint Venture  Cointelegraph

News. Japanese financial services company SBI Holdings has officially announced a joint agreement with the United States blockchain consortium R3 to work in ...

Cointelegraph
Japanese Trading Giant Itochu to Develop Blockchain Traceability System in PoC  Cointelegraph

The Japanese trading giant will implement blockchain tech for tracing the distribution of raw materials in a PoC.

Cointelegraph
Ariana Grande Attempted To Fix Her Accidental Japanese BBQ Tattoo, And Here’s What It Means Now  BuzzFeed News

You probably saw that yesterday, Ariana Grande posted a photo showing off a brand new tattoo that ended up being the subject of many jokes and some serious ...

BuzzFeed News
Japanese IT Giant Fujitsu Completes Test of Blockchain Electricity Sharing Project  Cointelegraph

News. Japanese IT firm Fujitsu has successfully trialed a blockchain-based solution to address inefficiencies in electricity surplus management, the company ...

Cointelegraph
Japanese Justice Faces Scrutiny in Case of Nissan Chief and U.S. Board Member  The New York Times

The jailing of Carlos Ghosn and Greg Kelly exposed stark differences in how crimes are pursued and suspects are handled in Japan and in Western ...

The New York Times
Japan's Population Is In Rapid Decline  NPR

New figures from the government show that the estimated count of babies born in 2018 has dropped to a historic low. "We know we must address the birthrate," a ...

NPR
Japan needs immigrants, but do immigrants need Japan?  CNN

As Japan's population gets older and smaller, the government is struggling to balance its own deeply conservative views on immigration with the need for new ...

CNN
Japan to have first aircraft carriers since World War II  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Japan is poised to put its first aircraft carriers to sea since World War II, refitting its Izumo-class warships to carry US-designed F-35B fighter jets, the ...

CNN
Japan whale hunting: Commercial whaling to restart in July  BBC News

Japan says it is to restart commercial whaling in July in a move that is likely to draw international criticism. It said it would withdraw from the International Whaling ...

BBC News
Japan has so many vacant homes it's giving them away  CNN

The series on Japan's demographic reckoning is supported by the Pulitzer Center on Crisis Reporting. None of the material in this series may be reproduced ...

CNN
Want a free country house in Japan? They're giving them away  CNBC

Japan has an increasing number of vacant homes — a problem that's set to persist because of an aging and shrinking population that has left many towns and ...

CNBC
Japan shrinking as birthrate falls to lowest level in history  The Guardian

In 2018 there were 921000 births and 1.37m deaths, with government efforts failing to encourage families to have more children.

The Guardian
Japan's trade deal with the US is a $50 billion question  CNBC

Japan keeps kicking the can down the road instead of coming to grips with its existential problems of society, economy and peaceful neighborly relations, ...

CNBC
Japan effectively bans China’s Huawei and ZTE from government contracts, joining U.S.  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Japan's government issued instructions Monday effectively banning China's Huawei and ZTE from official contracts, while the country's top three ...

The Washington Post
Japan government to halt buying Huawei, ZTE equipment: sources  Reuters

Japan plans to ban government purchases of equipment from China's Huawei Technologies Co Ltd and ZTE Corp to beef up its defenses against intelligence ...

Reuters
Japan's Emperor Akihito draws record numbers for farewell New Year's speech  CNN

Tokyo (CNN) Japan's emperor drew record numbers of well-wishers to the Imperial Palace in Tokyo for his annual New Years' speech -- his last before he ...

CNN
Japan and China, Asian Rivals, Are Trying to Get Along  The New York Times

Shinzo Abe's state visit to China this week will be the first by a Japanese leader in eight years. Both sides are seeking a little normality in the age of Trump.

The New York Times
Japan's most beautiful ryokans invite you to do absolutely nothing  CNN

A ryokan, a traditional Japanese guesthouse, encourages you to do nothing but relax and be. Here are Japan's most beautiful ryokans.

CNN
Japan’s Olympics Chief Faces Corruption Charges in France  The New York Times

The accusations against Tsunekazu Takeda relate to Tokyo's winning bid to host the 2020 Games — the latest in a string of corruption cases in Olympic bidding.

The New York Times
Fading ink: Japan's 'hand-carved' tattoo masters fight to keep their art alive  CNN

The centuries-old art of tebori faces an uncertain future in today's Japan.

CNN
Japan's abdicating emperor calls for young to be taught about horrors of war  The Guardian

Akihito expresses relief for peaceful era in last birthday address before stepping down from the throne.

The Guardian
In U.S. Open Victory, Naomi Osaka Pushes Japan to Redefine Japanese  The New York Times

The success of the new champion, daughter of a Haitian-American father and Japanese mother, is helping to challenge the country's notions of racial purity.

The New York Times
New South Korean court ruling angers Japan, deepening crisis between America’s closest Pacific allies  The Washington Post

TOKYO — Rulings by South Korea's Supreme Court over the issue of forced labor during Japanese colonial rule 70 years ago have plunged relations between ...

The Washington Post
Japan suffers biggest natural population decline ever in 2018  CNN

Japan suffered its biggest natural population decline ever this year, government statistics show.

CNN
 

Japan Videos

Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
13:17:03
Famous Dex - Japan (Prod. JGramm) [Official Lyric Video]
In Japan, Repairing Buildings Without a Single Nail
20:45:54
In Japan, Repairing Buildings Without a Single Nail
The Rules that Rule Japan
21:25:14
The Rules that Rule Japan
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
15:24:57
12 Things NOT to do in Japan
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
22:36:06
Famous Dex - Japan [Official NRG Video]
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
02:40:35
Shawn Mendes, Zedd - Lost In Japan (Original + Remix)
Japan Family Movie No 86|JP Movie 2019
07:30:01
Japan Family Movie No 86|JP Movie 2019
Games only in japan you don't believe || Amazing Facts
08:33:02
Games only in japan you don't believe || Amazing Facts
What my trip to Japan was like
19:07:34
What my trip to Japan was like
Japan Bus Vlog - My sister is going to work
14:27:09
Japan Bus Vlog - My sister is going to work
 

Japan Images

SNK v. CAPCOM SCREENSHOTS
SNK v. CAPCOM SCREENSHOTS
Ninja Demonstration, Ninja Museum, Iga Ueno, Japan | Flickr
Ninja Demonstration, Ninja Museum, Iga Ueno, Japan | Flickr
Chibi Japan Expo 2009 - Yami Yugi, Seto Kaiba, Mokuba Kaib ...
Chibi Japan Expo 2009 - Yami Yugi, Seto Kaiba, Mokuba Kaib ...
Monkeys!!! | Arashiyama Monkey Park Iwatayama - Kyoto ...
Monkeys!!! | Arashiyama Monkey Park Iwatayama - Kyoto ...
David Bowie Wonderworld: Picture Gallery 1978
David Bowie Wonderworld: Picture Gallery 1978
So Far Away | Lake Kasumigaura, Namegata-shi, Ibaraki ...
So Far Away | Lake Kasumigaura, Namegata-shi, Ibaraki ...
horsetail / Equisetum hyemale L. / 砥草(トクサ) | Hokkaido ...
horsetail / Equisetum hyemale L. / 砥草(トクサ) | Hokkaido ...
Little Boy Atomic Bomb Safety Plugs | 7 August, 1945 ...
Little Boy Atomic Bomb Safety Plugs | 7 August, 1945 ...
PATA-10
PATA-10
Osaru No Monkichi Notebook | My Monkichi Life
Osaru No Monkichi Notebook | My Monkichi Life
 

Japan WebSites

 

Japan Wiki

Japan (Japanese: 日本; Nippon [ɲippoɴ] or Nihon [ɲihoɴ]; formally 日本国 Nippon-koku or Nihon-koku, lit. "State of Japan") is an island country in East Asia. Located in the Pacific Ocean, it lies off the eastern coast of the Asian continent and stretches from the Sea of Okhotsk in the north to the East China Sea and the Philippine Sea in the south.The kanji that make up Japan's name mean "sun origin", and it is often called the "Land of the Rising Sun". Japan is a stratovolcanic archipelago consisting of about 6,852 islands. The four largest are Honshu, Hokkaido, Kyushu, and Shikoku, which make up about ninety-seven percent of Japan's land area and often are referred to as home islands. The country is divided into 47 prefectures in eight regions, with Hokkaido being the northernmost prefecture and Okinawa being the southernmost one. The population of 127 million is the world's tenth largest, of which 98.5% are ethnic Japanese. 90.7% of people live in cities, while 9.3% live in the countryside. About 13.8 million people live in Tokyo, the capital of Japan. The Greater Tokyo Area is the most populous metropolitan area in the world with over 38 million people.Archaeological research indicates that Japan was inhabited as early as the Upper Paleolithic period. The first written mention of Japan is in Chinese history texts from the 1st century AD. Influence from other regions, mainly China, followed by periods of isolation, particularly from Western Europe, has characterized Japan's history.From the 12th century until 1868, Japan was ruled by successive feudal military shōguns who ruled in the name of the Emperor. Japan entered into a long period of isolation in the early 17th century, which was ended in 1853 when a United States fleet pressured Japan to open to the West. After nearly two decades of internal conflict and insurrection, the Imperial Court regained its political power in 1868 through the help of several clans from Chōshū and Satsuma – and the Empire of Japan was established. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, victories in the First Sino-Japanese War, the Russo-Japanese War and World War I allowed Japan to expand its empire during a period of increasing militarism. The Second Sino-Japanese War of 1937 expanded into part of World War II in 1941, which came to an end in 1945 following the Japanese surrender. Since adopting its revised constitution on May 3, 1947, during the occupation led by SCAP, the sovereign state of Japan has maintained a unitary parliamentary constitutional monarchy with an Emperor and an elected legislature called the National Diet.Japan is a member of the ASEAN Plus mechanism, UN, the OECD, the G7, the G8, and the G20, and is considered a great power. Its economy is the world's third-largest by nominal GDP and the fourth-largest by purchasing power parity. It is also the world's fourth-largest exporter and fourth-largest importer.Japan benefits from a highly skilled and educated workforce; it has among the world's largest proportion of citizens holding a tertiary education degree. Although it has officially renounced its right to declare war, Japan maintains a modern military with the world's eighth-largest military budget, used for self-defense and peacekeeping roles; it ranked as the world's fourth most-powerful military in 2015. Japan is a highly developed country with a very high standard of living and Human Development Index. Its population enjoys the highest life expectancy and third lowest infant mortality rate in the world, but is experiencing issues due to an aging population and low birthrate. Japan is renowned for its historical and extensive cinema, influential music industry, anime, video gaming, rich cuisine and its major contributions to science and modern technology.