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Ireland NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Tue, 15 Jan 2019 08:48:43 GMTGoogle News
Cork's multi-All-Ireland winner who equalled the best  RTE.ie

"The roller coaster can't keep going forever," says Bríd Stack following her decision to retire from inter-county football. And with that, another Cork legend walks ...

RTE.ie
Cork camogie star - 'All-Ireland is terrible to watch'  RTE.ie

Cork forward Amy O'Connor says the 2018 All-Ireland final is 'terrible to watch' and has admitted she hasn't looked at footage of the game yet due to the ...

RTE.ie
Ireland in bloom: your pictures from Ireland's mild winter  Irish Times

We are having an incredibly mild winter in Ireland so far. Readers from all over Ireland have sent pictures from their gardens showling lots of bloom and growth.

Irish Times
LISTEN: All-Ireland winner Seamus Flanagan is looking forward to getting back playing  Limerick Leader

All Ireland winning Limerick player and UCD hurler Seamus Flanagan says he's looking forward to his colleges Electric Ireland Fitzgibbon Cup campaign star...

Limerick Leader
Only one new face expected in Ireland squad for 2019 Six Nations  JOE.ie

Ireland head coach Joe Schmidt is expected to name his squad for rounds one and two of the 2019 Guinness Six Nations later this week.

JOE.ie
Cliff Taylor: Brexit can go one of three ways for Ireland  The Irish Times

Political stakes are high as Varadkar seeks to avoid no-deal Brexit while keeping the backstop.

The Irish Times
No-deal Brexit would make a united Ireland more likely – May  The Irish Times

British prime minister asks MPs to take a second look at her Brexit deal.

The Irish Times
Car hunters driven abroad as Ireland sees record number of used vehicle imports during 2018  thejournal.ie

Statistics from the Society of the Irish Motor Industry show that 100755 used cars were imported last year.

thejournal.ie
Ireland World Cup tickets 'extremely limited' ahead of general sale  The42

TICKETS FOR IRELAND'S World Cup pool games will be 'extremely limited' when they go on general sale this week, tournament organisers have warned.

The42
Cold front set to bring widespread frost and temperatures as low as -3C  Irish Mirror

We'll see a change in conditions from Tuesday night onwards.

Irish Mirror
Johnny Sexton claims Rugby Union Writers' Club award after Ireland and Leinster successes  SkySports

Ireland fly-half Johnny Sexton has been voted the Rugby Union Writers' Club personality of the year for 2018.

SkySports
Ireland to shoot down EU bid to end national vetoes on tax  Independent.ie

THE EU's executive arm will today propose abolishing national vetoes on tax policy - plans which EU governments are almost certain to reject and which could ...

Independent.ie
Energia's £12m deal to illuminate Northern Ireland's streets  Belfast Telegraph

Irish power firm Energia has announced a £12m deal to supply all public street lighting in Northern Ireland.

Belfast Telegraph
Dunne clarifies international allegiance amid interest from Northern Ireland  The42

JIMMY DUNNE HAS insisted that he's keen to represent the Republic of Ireland at senior level, despite interest in his services from Northern Ireland manager ...

The42
Rugby World Cup tickets 'extremely limited' for Ireland fans  Irish Mirror

The Irish supporters will have to be quick to snap up whatever tickets remain.

Irish Mirror
Ireland's biggest business group says high-profile planning issues are spooking foreign investment  Fora.ie

ONE OF IRELAND'S most influential business groups has claimed that high-profile planning disputes are portraying the country as a “difficult place to do ...

Fora.ie
Ex-Ireland ace leading bid to climb Kilamanjaro for injured players fund  Irish Mirror

The 37-year-old former Leinster man has a stated goal of raising €5000 to help out the Trust, who assist severely injured rugby players.

Irish Mirror
Ireland in 35th place for heart disease death rates  Independent.ie

Ireland ranks 35th in a league table showing countries in Europe and central Asia with diet-related heart disease deaths.

Independent.ie
Winter returns: Ireland braces for incoming polar air mass  The Irish Times

Balmy conditions not set to last, with temperatures due to plummet as low as –3.

The Irish Times
Ireland women held to second straight draw by Chile in their four-match Test series  BBC Sport

Ireland women were held to another draw by Chile in the second game of their four-match Test series in Santiago. The World Cup finalists recovered from ...

BBC Sport
Ireland's call may influence decision on O'Mahony  Independent.ie

Munster will give their captain Peter O'Mahony every chance of overcoming a rib injury ahead of what is effectively a quarter-final shoot-out with Exeter Chiefs in ...

Independent.ie
Hermes picks 2 to head Brexit-inspired office in Ireland  Pensions & Investments

Hermes named two senior executives to its new Ireland-domiciled management company, launched in response to the risks posed by Brexit.

Pensions & Investments
Coronation Street's Charlie Lawson says united Ireland inevitable  Belfast Telegraph

Coronation Street star Charlie Lawson has admitted it was "highly likely" he would have joined a loyalist paramilitary group had he not left Northern Ireland to ...

Belfast Telegraph
Fitzmaurice: 'Ireland facing unknown and difficult period'  Agriland

Independent TD Michael Fitzmaurice has called for safeguards for Irish agri-food exports if a no-deal Brexit takes affect.

Agriland
Mary Lou McDonald blasts Westminster's 'game of chicken with Ireland'  BreakingNews.ie

Mary Lou McDonald said the stakes are very high as MPs prepare to vote on Theresa May's Brexit deal on Tuesday.

BreakingNews.ie
Dates of Ireland-Afghanistan series in India revised  BBC Sport

Cricket Ireland agree to change the dates for their upcoming nine-match series against Afghanistan in India.

BBC Sport
Brexit: Ireland must ‘hold its nerve’, says Simon Coveney  The Irish Times

Tánaiste hopes EU letter will provide reassurance on Irish backstop.

The Irish Times
11-time All-Ireland winner Stack retires from Cork  RTE.ie

Eleven-time All-Ireland winner Bríd Stack has announced her inter-county retirement following a stellar career with Cork. The 2016 Ladies Footballer of the Year ...

RTE.ie
Ireland's future innovators lead the way at the RDS  Dublin People

THE 55th BT Young Scientist & Technology Exhibition sprang into life last week as over 1000 students from across the island descended on the RDS to set up ...

Dublin People
'Christianity is being eroded and despised' - Ireland's moral minority rise up  Independent.ie

Charles Byrne, a piano teacher from Drogheda, believes there is an agenda to erase the memory of Catholic Ireland, as if it never existed at all. "We are being ...

Independent.ie
Two killed when winds sweep across Northern Ireland peaks  The Weather Channel

The walkers were killed within an hour of each other on the Mourne Mountains on Sunday. The first fatal incident happened on the Wee Binnian hill shortly ...

The Weather Channel
Department and Veterinary Ireland table agreement on dispute  Agriland

The Department of Agriculture, Food and the Marine and Veterinary Ireland have concluded an agreement relating to current issues of dispute.

Agriland
Republic of Ireland star Alan Judge joins Championship strugglers Ipswich Town for undisclosed fee  Irish Mirror

The 30-year-old midfielder agreed a deal until the end of the current season and there is an option to extend his stay for a further 12 months.

Irish Mirror
Brennan called into Bell's Ireland squad  RTE.ie

Republic of Ireland manager Colin Bell has added Galway Women's defender Shauna Brennan to the squad to face Belgium.

RTE.ie
US writer launches new-look Church of Ireland Gazette  Belfast Telegraph

The well-known American evangelical writer Philip Yancey has helped launch the new monthly online and print editions of the Church of Ireland Gazette.

Belfast Telegraph
Van Morrison sings at friend's funeral in Northern Ireland  Bristol Herald Courier

LONDON (AP) — Van Morrison has performed one of his best-loved songs at the funeral of his longtime friend, the historian and politician Ian Adamson.

Bristol Herald Courier
Ireland has issued a "Do Not Travel" warning for Democratic Republic of Congo  JOE.ie

The Department of Foreign Affairs and Trade has advised against all travel to the Democratic Republic of Congo (DRC). A statement from the Department of ...

JOE.ie
'I'd be amazed if Daryl Murphy doesn't come back into the Ireland squad'  The42

KEITH ANDREWS EXPECTS Daryl Murphy to reverse his decision to retire from international football now that Mick McCarthy has come calling.

The42
Grant Thornton revenue increased to €126m in Ireland last year  The Irish Times

Irish arm previously announced recruitment drive to hire 400 new staff in October.

The Irish Times
Finally, Ireland to be hit by sub-zero winter weather  IrishCentral

The Irish weather could never stay this mild for long. 2019 may have gotten off to a warm start but expect that to change pretty soon. The Irish weather forecast for ...

IrishCentral
Ireland kick off 2019 with stalemate in Chile  RTE.ie

Ireland played out a stalemate with Chile in their opening international of the year, the first of a four-match Test series in Santiago.

RTE.ie
It's unbelievably refreshing to hear this Ireland squad talk openly about Grand Slams  SportsJOE.ie

Ireland stars Jack McGrath and Garry Ringrose both spoke without hesitation about gunning for another Grand Slam on Baz & Andrew's House of Rugby.

SportsJOE.ie
The Irish Times view on tourism in Ireland: Preparing for tougher times  The Irish Times

It would be dangerous to think that an apparently robust sector is impervious to systemic shocks.

The Irish Times
From Ireland to Isis: The life of Alexandr Ruzmatovich Bekmirzaev  The Irish Times

He had a wife, a child and jobs in Dublin. How did he become an Islamic State fighter?

The Irish Times
Ireland could be hit with snow by the end of the month, Europe chart reveals  Irish Mirror

Met Eireann said they will not comment on the UK's predictions.

Irish Mirror
Northern Ireland court to deal with Stormont decision-making uncertainty  The Irish News

THE Supreme Court has decided that legal uncertainties around the powers of Northern Ireland civil servants amid the Stormont impasse should be dealt with in ...

The Irish News
10 things happening in Northern Ireland: January 14-20 - from whiskey tasting to Foster and Allen  Belfast Telegraph

Here's our pick of exciting things taking place across Northern Ireland this week.

Belfast Telegraph
Increased feedlot numbers 'threaten Ireland's family farm model'  Agriland

Concerns have been raised over the increasing feedlot kill figures on the overall beef market by Sinn Fein MEP Matt Carthy.

Agriland
Midland Weather Channel weighs in on possibility of "heavy snow and disruption" in Ireland  JOE.ie

The Beast from the East aka Storm Emma was one of the biggest events of 2018, but can we expect a repeat of the snow this time around?

JOE.ie
Tesco retains top Northern Ireland grocer spot as Lidl enjoys fastest growth  Belfast Telegraph

Retail giant Tesco has strengthened its place as Northern Ireland's top grocer with nearly 94% of households visiting its stores at least once during last year, ...

Belfast Telegraph
Why Declan Rice's form should be seen as good news for Ireland  SportsJOE.ie

Declan Rice Ireland or England decision could be made a little easier now that he is starring for West Ham United at midfield under Pellegrini.

SportsJOE.ie
'We want to give a lot more to Ireland' - Seamus Coleman confident about future ahead of Euro 2020 qualifiers  Independent.ie

Ireland captain, Seamus Coleman has spoken about Mick McCarthy's appointment as Ireland boss and insisted that the players are prepared to do more for the ...

Independent.ie
UK The Lion King  The Stage

The Lion King has announced it is setting out on a new tour of the UK and Ireland this year, as the musical celebrates 20 years in the West End.

The Stage
Ireland's Taoiseach Leo Varadkar visits Ethiopia  africanews

Leo Varadkar, Taoiseach (Prime Minister) of Ireland arrived in Ethiopia for a working visit on Tuesday (January 8). During his visit, Mr Leo Varadkar held.

africanews
Grandmother 'tortured' to bring drugs into Northern Ireland police station for grandson  Belfast Telegraph

A 59-year-old woman who brought drugs into custody for her grandson has been given a conditional discharge.

Belfast Telegraph
Justina Ireland on how systems create oppression and how to break free  The Verge

An interview with the author of A Theory of Flight from Better Worlds, our sci-fi project about hope. Justina Ireland discusses representation in space travel, and ...

The Verge
Chief Executive Officer - Screen Ireland/Fís Éireann  Sunday Business Post

Closing Date January 28th 2019. Recruitment. By Recruitment Jan 14, 2019. Share this article: Chief Executive Officer. Fís Éireann / Screen Ireland. Fís Éireann ...

Sunday Business Post
Ireland scrum-half concerns as Luke McGrath and John Cooney pick up injuries  BBC Sport

Ireland coach Joe Schmidt is awaiting fitness updates on scrum-halves Luke McGrath and John Cooney after both suffered injuries. Ulster's Cooney was a late ...

BBC Sport
SLIDESHOW: Limerick Celtics bow out at All-Ireland semi final stage  Limerick Leader

LIMERICK Celtics' hopes of an All-Ireland final spot were ended on Saturday night in Cork. The last four tie, played in the famous Neptune Stadium in Cork, was ...

Limerick Leader
US, UK, Canada, Ireland Envoys Discuss Whelan Espionage Case - Whelan’s Brother  Sputnik International

WASHINGTON (Sputnik) - The ambassadors of the United States, United Kingdom, Canada and Ireland serving in Russia met on Monday to discuss their ...

Sputnik International
Ireland will turn cooler by midweek as high pressure declines and ‘changeable’ weather on way  The Irish Sun

Weather chiefs say it will still be milder than usual up until around midweek next week, before temperatures return to nearer normal.

The Irish Sun
Tipperary hospital among worst-hit with overcrowding in Ireland on Monday  TipperaryLive.ie

South Tipperary General Hospital is among the worst-hit hospitals in the country with overcrowding on Monday (January 14), according to Irish Nurses and ...

TipperaryLive.ie
Future Ireland from a Southern Perspective  Slugger O'Toole

This week, we're featuring submissions from readers on the theme of 'Future Ireland: Alternative Conversations about Unity and the Union'. Competition winners ...

Slugger O'Toole
Pat Spillane: 'GAA clubs are in the vanguard of a fightback being staged in rural Ireland'  Independent.ie

Remember at school when we were taught never to judge a book by its cover. Well, my wish for 2019 is that people don't judge me or assume they know what ...

Independent.ie
Nigerian gangs trafficking children into Ireland for sex  BreakingNews.ie

Highly organised Nigerian gangs are earning “extremely high profits” from trafficking children into 12 European countries, including Ireland, for prostitution, ...

BreakingNews.ie
The Border Dividing Ireland Has Long Been Invisible. Brexit Threatens to Make It Real.  The New York Times

Britain's exit from the European Union threatens to disrupt trade and potentially reinvigorate conflict between Northern Ireland and the Republic of Ireland.

The New York Times
Watch: Why Ireland in Winter is Often a Good Idea  Surfline.com Surf News

For those unafraid of a little rubber and wildly fluctuating weather, Ireland is one of the top surf destinations in the world. Its craggy coastline faces every which ...

Surfline.com Surf News
Yellow Vest Ireland protestors issue list of demands, call for Leo Varadkar to resign  JOE.ie

Having unsuccessfully attempted to block the Port Tunnel in Dublin on Saturday, Yellow Vest Ireland has detailed their official list of demands. Describing itself ...

JOE.ie
Liverpool ‘legends’ to face Ireland team in Seán Cox fundraiser  The Irish Times

Co Meath man suffered catastrophic injuries after being assaulted close to Anfield in April.

The Irish Times
Ireland Utilities to hold annual membership meeting  Dubois County Free Press

Ireland Utilities, Inc. will hold its annual membership meeting on Monday, February 4, 2019, at 6:30 p.m. The meeting wil be held at 4957 W State Road 56 ...

Dubois County Free Press
Two young Northern Ireland women stabbed while out walking - teen arrested  Belfast Telegraph

A teenager has been arrested on suspicion of offences including attempted murder after two women were stabbed in Northern Ireland.

Belfast Telegraph
Govt to discuss laws to prepare for no-deal Brexit  RTE.ie

The Taoiseach has said that the Cabinet will tomorrow discuss a major omnibus piece of legislation that would prepare the country for a no-deal Brexit.

RTE.ie
Ireland to accept 5 migrant minors from Malta following EU deal to relocate almost 300 people  thejournal.ie

IRELAND IS TO accept five unaccompanied migrant minors to Ireland from Malta after EU countries struck a deal with the Mediterranean country. Almost 50 ...

thejournal.ie
One of Ireland’s biggest insurance companies steps up war against fraudsters after nailing number of bogus c  The Irish Sun

Allianz Insurance challenged more than 1500 cases last year with nearly 45 per cent of the claims it fights ending up fraudulent.

The Irish Sun
What pro-life Ireland can learn from pro-life America  Catholic News Agency

With the dawn of legal abortion in Ireland, the pro-life movement in the country is beginning a fight that their U.S. counterparts have been engaged in since 1973.

Catholic News Agency
Munster and Ireland wait on O'Mahony rib assessment  RTE.ie

Ireland and Munster flanker Peter O'Mahony will be assessed on Monday to examine the extent of a rib injury that forced him out of the Champions Cup win over ...

RTE.ie
'Union is SECURE!' Former Taoiseach rejects claims hard Brexit to lead to UNITED Ireland  Express

FORMER Irish Prime Minister John Bruton rejected claims suggesting a hard Brexit would make a referendum to unite Ireland and Northern Ireland 'more likely.'

Express
Future flood warning means 45000 properties in Northern Ireland at risk, says report  BreakingNews.ie

Around 45,000 properties in Northern Ireland are at risk of flooding as the country braces for stormier and more extreme weather, a report said. The danger over ...

BreakingNews.ie
McGrath injury could have implications for Ireland  The Irish Times

Leinster scrumhalf sustained a knee injury during Champions Cup win over Toulouse.

The Irish Times
Ireland's young scientists share their solutions for the world's problems  Irish Examiner

They're growing food on the moon, they've created plastic packaging from potato skins and they've built robots to distribute pollen - these are just some of the ...

Irish Examiner
How will the PUL be accommodated in a United Ireland?  Slugger O'Toole

This week, we're featuring submissions from readers on the theme of 'Future Ireland: Alternative Conversations about Unity and the Union'. Competition winners ...

Slugger O'Toole
Survey reveals biggest worries for young people in Ireland  Irish Examiner

Affordable housing and jobs are the main concerns among young people across Ireland. That is according to a new British Council survey of over 1,000 18- to ...

Irish Examiner
Ireland Releases ‘Sobering’ Contingency Plan for No-Deal Brexit  The New York Times

DUBLIN — The Irish government has published a “sobering” contingency plan in case of a no-deal exit by Britain from the European Union, a move that officials ...

The New York Times
Deep Green Irish Pits  Surfer Magazine

East Coasters Rob Kelly and Stevie Pittman hopped the pond to Ireland and scored something far better than gold at the end of the rainbow; big green tubes.

Surfer Magazine
Abortion law change: Is Northern Ireland really next?  The Irish Times

Pro-choice activists in the North hope a string of court cases will advance their cause.

The Irish Times
Germany 'in solidarity' with Ireland over backstop to avoid hard border  The Guardian

German foreign minister urges British MPs not to let UK crash out of EU without a deal.

The Guardian
Legal Abortions Begin in Ireland With Solidarity and Small Protests  The New York Times

Ireland this week began offering legalized abortion services, a historic shift in a country that for decades had some of the most restrictive abortion laws in Europe.

The New York Times
How Ireland is preparing for Brexit  Channel 4 News

With 77 days to go until Brexit, the UK isn't the only country frantically making preparations for what's about to come. In Ireland, politicians have spent two years ...

Channel 4 News
Ireland's national theatre accused of deserting Irish talent  The Guardian

The Abbey theatre in Dublin has staged some of Ireland's greatest plays but it is now at the centre of an unwanted drama after it was accused of wreaking artistic ...

The Guardian
Islamic State suspect captured in Syria was radicalised in Ireland  The Irish Times

At least five others were recruited by same figure to fight in Middle East, gardaí believe.

The Irish Times
The top 50 most watched things in Ireland for 2018 have been revealed  JOE.ie

An incredible 1.5 million people tuned in to see Ryan Tubridy and company showcase the best toys available for Christmas.

JOE.ie
In Northern Ireland because bad politics has not been punished it has driven out the good…  Slugger O'Toole

Perhaps the problem with our politics is that our politicians haven't figured out what politics is yet? Among other things that bizarre outburst in Belfast City ...

Slugger O'Toole
"First Dates Ireland's" most awkward ending ever  IrishCentral

First Dates Ireland's first episode in the new season featured the most painfully awkward ending to a date we've ever seen.

IrishCentral
Multigenerational living in Ireland: Going back to our roots  Irish Examiner

Elizabeth O'Neill talks to two families about multigenerational living. Three generations of the one family living together was commonplace in the last century and ...

Irish Examiner
Ireland's David McGoldrick is in inspired form right now  The42

DAVID MCGOLDRICK SCORED the lone goal as Sheffield United beat Queens Park Rangers 1-0 on Saturday to move up to second place in English football's ...

The42
Ireland's “baby bust” continues despite its buoyant economy…  Slugger O'Toole

Never heard of this term before today, but Dan O'Brien explains in the Indo: Over decades in Ireland, good economic times have made people more inclined to ...

Slugger O'Toole
Two-For-One Ticket Offer For Ireland Women v England Women  Irish Rugby

Claire Molloy, who was recently named in the Scrumqueens 15s Team of the Year, is pictured taking on her opposite number Vicky Fleetwood during Ireland's ...

Irish Rugby
Mary Swanzy, one of Ireland’s leading modernist painters  The Irish Times

“To be an artist… you have to be very severe with your amount of energy… To have an overriding hobby, that's the secret. Mine was an overriding hobby, ...

The Irish Times
New survey reveals Ireland's cleanest and dirtiest towns  JOE.ie

A survey by Irish Business Against Litter (IBAL) has revealed that Fermoy, Co Cork was Ireland's cleanest town in 2018. Elsewhere, Waterford City has retained ...

JOE.ie
The Way We Were: Hop back in time to Ireland’s original craft beer hipsters  The Irish Times

IPA is not a new thing – in the mid-19th century, it was popular among the beard-strokers.

The Irish Times
 

Ireland Videos

Ireland's abortion referendum: Too close to call?
17:19:36
Ireland's abortion referendum: Too close to call?
Ireland May Be About To Repeal One Of Europe's Strictest Abortion Laws | TIME
20:16:56
Ireland May Be About To Repeal One Of Europe's Strictest Abortion Laws | TIME
Irish abortion referendum: Would it be a moment of Change for Ireland?   - BBC News
11:02:47
Irish abortion referendum: Would it be a moment of Change for Ireland? - BBC News
U2 Dances With The Devil As Ireland Embraces Murder
20:00:01
U2 Dances With The Devil As Ireland Embraces Murder
It's time to go fishing in Ireland
11:45:40
It's time to go fishing in Ireland
Meet the people fighting to keep Ireland's abortion ban
09:57:00
Meet the people fighting to keep Ireland's abortion ban
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18:32:46
\"If you had a choice, Ireland or England?\"
‘It’s a fantasy’ EU dismisses UK demands for Northern Ireland after Brexit
03:59:55
‘It’s a fantasy’ EU dismisses UK demands for Northern Ireland after Brexit
Ireland’s abortion referendum – BBC Newsnight
23:21:40
Ireland’s abortion referendum – BBC Newsnight
Abortion in Ireland: Five things you need to know
17:00:41
Abortion in Ireland: Five things you need to know
 

Ireland Images

Newgrange tomb @ derek.broox.com
Newgrange tomb @ derek.broox.com
Northern Ireland rentals in a house for your vacations ...
Northern Ireland rentals in a house for your vacations ...
Map of Ireland
Map of Ireland
MY ARCHITECTURAL MOLESKINE®: NEWGRANGE, BRÚ NA BÓINEE ...
MY ARCHITECTURAL MOLESKINE®: NEWGRANGE, BRÚ NA BÓINEE ...
Clean Ireland Recycling : Skip Hire and Waste Collection ...
Clean Ireland Recycling : Skip Hire and Waste Collection ...
The Latin Quarter, Galway City | Oyster.com Hotel Reviews
The Latin Quarter, Galway City | Oyster.com Hotel Reviews
A weekend in Morocco during my semester abroad
A weekend in Morocco during my semester abroad
W
W
Caravan Sites, Campsites, Camping Sites inthe UK, Ireland ...
Caravan Sites, Campsites, Camping Sites inthe UK, Ireland ...
fergal smith surfing black and white | George Karbus ...
fergal smith surfing black and white | George Karbus ...
 

Ireland WebSites

 

Ireland Wiki

Ireland ( (listen); Irish: Éire [ˈeːɾʲə] (listen); Ulster-Scots: Airlann [ˈɑːrlən]) is an island in the North Atlantic. It is separated from Great Britain to its east by the North Channel, the Irish Sea, and St George's Channel. Ireland is the second-largest island of the British Isles, the third-largest in Europe, and the twentieth-largest on Earth.Politically, Ireland is divided between the Republic of Ireland (officially named Ireland), which covers five-sixths of the island, and Northern Ireland, which is part of the United Kingdom. In 2011, the population of Ireland was about 6.6 million, ranking it the second-most populous island in Europe after Great Britain. Just under 4.8 million live in the Republic of Ireland and just over 1.8 million live in Northern Ireland.The island's geography comprises relatively low-lying mountains surrounding a central plain, with several navigable rivers extending inland. Its lush vegetation is a product of its mild but changeable climate which is free of extremes in temperature. It was covered by thick woodlands until the Middle Ages. As of 2013, the amount of land that is wooded in Ireland is about 11% of the total, compared with a European average of 35%. There are twenty-six extant mammal species native to Ireland. The Irish climate is influenced by the Atlantic Ocean and thus very moderate, and winters are milder than expected for such a northerly area, although summers are cooler than those in continental Europe. Rainfall and cloud cover are abundant.The earliest evidence of human presence in Ireland is dated at 10,500 BC (12,500 years ago). Gaelic Ireland had emerged by the 1st century AD. The island was Christianised from the 5th century onward. Following the 12th century Norman invasion, England claimed sovereignty. However, English rule did not extend over the whole island until the 16th–17th century Tudor conquest, which led to colonisation by settlers from Britain. In the 1690s, a system of Protestant English rule was designed to materially disadvantage the Catholic majority and Protestant dissenters, and was extended during the 18th century. With the Acts of Union in 1801, Ireland became a part of the United Kingdom. A war of independence in the early 20th century was followed by the partition of the island, creating the Irish Free State, which became increasingly sovereign over the following decades, and Northern Ireland, which remained a part of the United Kingdom. Northern Ireland saw much civil unrest from the late 1960s until the 1990s. This subsided following a political agreement in 1998. In 1973 the Republic of Ireland joined the European Economic Community while the United Kingdom, and Northern Ireland, as part of it, did the same.Irish culture has had a significant influence on other cultures, especially in the fields of literature. Alongside mainstream Western culture, a strong indigenous culture exists, as expressed through Gaelic games, Irish music and the Irish language. The island's culture shares many features with that of Great Britain, including the English language, and sports such as association football, rugby, horse racing, and golf.