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Guatemala NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 06:29:08 GMTGoogle News
Opinion: Guatemala Must Not Grant Amnesty To War Criminals  NPR

Jo-Marie Burt (@jomaburt) is a senior fellow at the Washington Office on Latin America and an associate professor of political science at George Mason ...

Archaeologists Dismantled a Maya Pyramid in Guatemala and Never Put It Back Together  Atlas Obscura

When buildings are knocked down, people often don't let them go without a fight. This week, we're remembering some particularly contentious demolitions.

Atlas Obscura
Guatemala war crime survivors challenge amnesty bill  Aljazeera.com

Guatemala City - Indigenous survivors of crimes against humanity committed during Guatemala's 36-year civil war took action Wednesday against a bill ...

Guatemala mission offers hope, health  North Delta Reporter

A team from the Semiahmoo Peninsula – and beyond – left for Guatemala today (Feb. 15) to assist a local organization's medical efforts and build a ...

North Delta Reporter
Finding inspiration in the women of Guatemala  Pittsburgh Jewish Chronicle

I couldn't stop looking at their aprons: handmade masterpieces woven of bright colors and sparkly bits. My mind goes immediately to the “vestments” described ...

Pittsburgh Jewish Chronicle
Guatemala: Legislative initiatives seriously threaten human rights  Amnesty International

The approval of laws 5377 and 5257, which the Congress of the Republic will discuss on Wednesday, February 13, would put the human rights of thousands of ...

Amnesty International
A Locked Door, a Fire and 41 Girls Killed as Police Stood By  The New York Times

Guatemalan officers stood by for nine minutes as the fire raged at a government-run home. It was the culmination of a long history of abuse.

The New York Times
Yonkers firefighter asks for help building school in Guatemala  News 12 Westchester

Mark Marques is heading to the Central American country to help build a bottle school for kids.

News 12 Westchester
Guatemala Intel Minister: Migrant Caravans Are 'Well-Planned,' Not Spontaneous  Breitbart

Duarte said migrant caravans heading to the U.S. border are "well-planned" and organized by those wanting to “weaponize those in need.”

Belize~ Remittances to Guatemala  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Thursday, February 7, 2019. 2:23 p.m. CST. The views expressed in this article are those of the writer and not necessarily those of Breaking Belize News ...

Breaking Belize News
Killings Of Guatemala's Indigenous Activists Raise Specter Of Human Rights Crisis  NPR

Indigenous groups and human rights activists worry that the violence that raged through their communities in the 1970s and 1980s is making a comeback.

Guatemala’s ‘Slow-Motion Coup’ Rolls Onward  Foreign Policy

Guatemala is in the midst of a constitutional and political crisis, escalated by a 24-hour-plus standoff at the capital's airport on Jan. 5. An investigator with the ...

Foreign Policy
The quiet coup that could devastate human rights in Guatemala  Open Democracy

President Jimmy Morales and his allies in business, politics and the military are racing to break the rule of law and consolidate power. Español. 12 September ...

Open Democracy
Jimmy Morales, a President Against Democracy in Guatemala  The New York Times

The expulsion of the anti-corruption commission from the Central American nation will clear the way for corruption and impunity.

The New York Times
Amending Guatemala 'reconciliation law' would lead to unjust amnesty, warns Bachelet  UN News

A bid to give amnesty to all those found guilty of grave human rights crimes during Guatemala's decades-long civil war, by amending the National Reconciliation ...

UN News
Guatemala: expulsion of UN investigators drags country down authoritarian path  The Conversation - UK

The CICIG's investigators have highlighted corruption in the country – and its leaders don't like it.

The Conversation - UK
Two Days in Antigua, Guatemala - Things to Do and See - IL  International Living

Last year, my wife and I traveled from our home in Granada, Nicaragua to spend a week in Guatemala as we continue exploring the region...

International Living
More Honduran Migrants Make Their Way From Guatemala Toward The U.S.  NPR

The migrants are encountering crowded shelters, strained resources, and residents who are not as generous as they were with a previous caravan that was ...

Corrupt Guatemalans’ GOP Lifeline  Foreign Policy

In February 2018, U.S. President Donald Trump took a break from the National Prayer Breakfast to thank Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales for supporting ...

Foreign Policy
Guatemala: Congress must not let impunity prevail  Amnesty International

The Guatemalan Congress will shortly discuss a draft law (Law 5377) which seeks to grant amnesty for serious human rights violations perpetrated during the ...

Amnesty International
Nearly 1,000 caravan migrants start process of entering Mexico from Guatemala  Fox News

Approximately 1000 Central American migrants in the newest caravan have begun the process of crossing into Mexico from Guatemala, a Mexican immigration ...

Fox News
Migrant Tally Surges at Guatemala-Mexico Border  The Wall Street Journal

The number of Central American migrants seeking to enter Mexico and head for the U.S. border surged to 10300, as the new administration of Mexican ...

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala's 'Slow-Motion Coup' Is Causing Migrants to Flee to the US  VICE

The real crisis Trump should focus on, experts say, is hundreds of miles south of the US-Mexico border.

When West Texas and Guatemala joyfully merge  ReporterNews.com

Texans come home for a visit and to celebrate the return to health for 11-year-old Michelle.

Zombie clunkers: has your local bus been resurrected in Guatemala?  The Guardian

In a sparsely furnished office overlooking dozens of buses at the Zone 21 depot in Guatemala City, Jorge Castro flips through photographs on his mobile phone.

The Guardian
RSPO should suspend membership of groups undermining Guatemala’s anti-impunity commission (commentary)  Mongabay.com

The journey toward sustainability must begin from a baseline of proven ethical intent — and a number of recent signs raise serious doubts about the ethical ...

War criminals in Guatemala to be freed if amnesty law passed  The Irish Times

Legal move criticised by UN as 'a drastic step backwards' for rule of law and victims' rights.

The Irish Times
Ex-chief prosecutor to run for president in Guatemala  Minneapolis Star Tribune

A former chief prosecutor lauded for efforts to root out high-level corruption plans to compete for Guatemala's presidency.

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Witnessing Guatemala's suffering is a transformative experience | Commentaries  St. Louis Jewish Light

The treatment of children on our southern border has many Americans asking why so many are being separated from their families, kept in detention and how ...

St. Louis Jewish Light
6.5-magnitude quake shakes Guatemala, Mexico  Manila Bulletin

A 6.5-magnitude earthquake shook Mexico and Guatemala on Friday, leaving three people injured and causing infrastructure damage, authorities said.

Manila Bulletin
A Guide to Antigua, Guatemala: A Candy-Colored City Framed by Volcanoes  The New York Times

With its Baroque architecture and thriving textile scene, this former colonial capital is among Central America's most beguiling destinations.

The New York Times
Experience Adventure And Culture In The Depths Of Guatemala  Fort Lauderdale Daily

Our water taxi, with an arrowhead hull the color of a cool morning sky and rows of matching plastic seats, pulls away from the dock at a crawl. The driver stands ...

Fort Lauderdale Daily
Guatemala town's residents weigh playing cat-and-mouse game on U.S. border  Dallas News

SAN MARTIN JILOTEPEQUE, Guatemala — Ana Matzutz and her teenage son, Esduardo, stood across from each other at the family's fruit stand, arguing about ...

Dallas News
'I feel completely filled," Upstate nurse heads to Guatemala to volunteer  CNYcentral.com

A nurse at Upstate University Hospital is continuing her trend of giving back. Susan Thomas is described as a selfless woman by the people around her.

OPINION: Ongoing solidarity needed amid technical coup in Guatemala  The Guardian

By Lisa Rankin and Stacey Gomez Guest Opinion This month, thousands of people have taken to the streets throughout Guatemala to demand an end to ...

The Guardian
Understanding ICJ jurisdiction in relation to Belize-Guatemala territorial dispute  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Thursday, February 7, 2019. 9:20 p.m. CST. By BBN Staff: Belizeans countrywide are counting down to Decision day 2019, when Belizeans will vote in ...

Breaking Belize News
Boy, 8, who died in border patrol custody laid to rest in Guatemala, relative says  CNN

Felipe Gomez Alonzo, the 8-year old boy who died in US custody on Christmas Eve, was laid to rest in Yalambojoch, Guatemala, his half-sister said on Monday.

Earthquake in Mexico felt in Belize, Guatemala and El Salvador  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Friday, February 1, 2019. 10:30 a.m. CST. By BBN Staff:An earthquake registering at 6.4 magnitude on the Richter scale occurred in Mexico a short time ...

Breaking Belize News
Migrant caravan: New Honduran group crosses Guatemala  BBC News

Hundreds of migrants who left Honduras on Tuesday on their way to US have reached Guatemala City.

BBC News
Marco Rubio Defends Elliott Abrams, Who Defended Massacres in Guatemala, El Salvador  Miami New Times

It is a fact that Elliott Abrams, America's special envoy to Venezuela, covered up at least one Latin American genocide. In the 1980s, Guatemalan Gen.

Miami New Times
El Salvador and Guatemala Strengthen Common Border Surveillance  Dialogo Americas

Shared intelligence increases surveillance effectiveness and reduces crime.

Dialogo Americas
Guatemala recognizes Guaido as Venezuela president: foreign minister  Reuters

GUATEMALA CITY (Reuters) - Guatemala recognizes opposition leader Juan Guaido as the interim president of Venezuela, Guatemalan Foreign Minister ...

FifaGate: Ex-Guatemala boss sentenced to time served, fined $350,000  EWN

A court spokeswoman and his lawyer Justine Harris added he would have to pay a fine of $350,000. He will remain on probation for two years. FILE: Picture: ...

University to help modernize radiation therapy in Guatemala  Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis

Radiation therapy is one of the most effective and affordable cancer treatments, and an important therapy for more than half of all cancers. Yet startup costs keep ...

Washington University School of Medicine in St. Louis
A slow motion coup gathers steam in Guatemala  America Magazine

What they are doing not only puts Guatemala at risk but the entire region. Bit by bit, for more than a year, they have been trying to divide us. The elections are at ...

America Magazine
Truro's Immaculate Conception Church raises funds for Guatemala mission | News  Truro Daily News

Local man Brandon Verboom is returning to Guatemala – nearly 10 years after he was stunned by what he saw on his first mission.

Truro Daily News
Riding an active volcano | Diego Ordoñez and Jorge Alvarez in Guatemala  Red Bull

Hard Enduro riders Diego Ordoñez and Jorge Alvarez race 4000m to the summit of an active volcano in Guatemala. Will the steep, rocky terrain and ...

Red Bull
Guatemala: A Special Connection on a Medical Mission  9&10 News

We caught up with one a young men as he was packing up and preparing to make a special connection on a medical mission trip to Guatemala. Right now the ...

9&10 News
Nearly 3000 children crossed from Guatemala to Mexico since mid-January  UNICEF

Children on the move should always be protected, stay with their families and be kept out of detention centres, UNICEF says.

Six People Hurt in Blast on Passenger Bus in Guatemala - Reports  Sputnik International

MEXICO CITY (Sputnik) - As many as six people were injured after a homemade bomb accidentally detonated on a passenger bus in Guatemala's capital, local ...

Sputnik International
Mayan Q'eqchi' communities resist hydroelectric dams in Guatemala  rabble.ca

Resistencia Pacifica de Cahabón (Peaceful Resistance Cahabón) was formed in 2015 in Guatemala to defend the land, water, and rights of Indigenous peoples.

An Architectural Guide to Guatemala City  ArchDaily

This guide is not a catalog. It is an open invitation to walk around the city and learn more about the architecture in Guatemala City. The Guide...

Most Intact Ancient Steam Bath Used In Mayan Rituals Discovered In Guatemala  IFLScience

Archaeologists have discovered a 2,500-year-old steam bath in Guatemala, with tunnels and steps carved into the rock. The complex is one of the oldest, most ...

Rabbi Susan Talve Shares What She Observed In Guatemala As Global Justice Fellow  St. Louis Public Radio

The southern border of the U.S., along with the people who live somewhere beyond it, can seem far removed from the St. Louis region. But for local Rabbi Susan ...

St. Louis Public Radio
Professors lead new programs in Bhutan, Guatemala  The Flat Hat

This past summer, the College of William and Mary sponsored two study abroad programs to Bhutan and Guatemala. Religious Studies Chair Kevin Vose led ...

The Flat Hat
América Móvil Buys Telefónica’s Operations in Guatemala, El Salvador  The Wall Street Journal

The Mexican telecommunications company owned by billionaire Carlos Slim said it has bought the Guatemalan operations of Telefónica SA, and agreed to ...

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala Expels U.N.-Backed Anti-Corruption Panel, Claiming Overreach  The New York Times

MEXICO CITY — The Guatemalan government said Monday that it would expel a United Nations-backed anticorruption panel, giving its prosecutors a day to ...

The New York Times
Guatemala: court blocks president's expulsion of UN anti-corruption group  The Guardian

Highest court overruled Morales's decision and his administration is 'under obligation to comply', human rights prosecutor said. Associated Press in Guatemala ...

The Guardian
8-Year-Old Migrant Child From Guatemala Dies in U.S. Custody  The New York Times

An 8-year-old boy from Guatemala died in United States custody early Christmas Day, the second death of a child in detention at the southwest border in less ...

The New York Times
A U.N. anti-corruption commission is fleeing Guatemala after president's order  Los Angeles Times

Members of the anti-corruption panel known as CICIG began leaving Guatemala on Tuesday, a day after President Jimmy Morales announced he was expelling ...

Los Angeles Times
The body of the 7-year-old girl who died in US custody returns to Guatemala  CNN

Guatemala City, Guatemala (CNN) The body of Jakelin Caal Maquin, a 7-year-old girl who died in US Customs and Border Protection custody, has been ...

U.S. Campaign Against Migration Goes Unheard, or Unheeded, in Guatemala  The New York Times

More migrants from Guatemala than from anywhere else are trying to cross the border into the United States, despite warnings about the perils of the journey ...

The New York Times
Ex-Soldier Gets 5,160 Years in Prison for Guatemala Massacre  The New York Times

A Guatemalan court has sentenced a former soldier to more than 5,000 years in prison for the massacre of 171 people in what is considered one of the worst ...

The New York Times
Guatemala volcano eruption forces evacuation of 4,000 residents  The Guardian

About 4,000 residents have been evacuated from Guatemala's Volcano of Fire as red-hot rock and ash spewed into the sky and cascaded down the slopes ...

The Guardian
Guatemala Cautious on Young Migrants’ Deaths, Wary of Angering U.S.  The New York Times

Guatemalan officials' courting of the Trump administration may explain their muted response to the deaths of two children in U.S. custody.

The New York Times
Guatemala in crisis after president bans corruption investigation into his government  The Conversation - US

Guatemalan President Jimmy Morales is defying a constitutional court order to release a UN-backed prosecutor his government arrested and allow his ...

The Conversation - US
Second Caravan Gathers in Guatemala as Migrants Try to Avoid Traffickers  The Wall Street Journal

Even as a caravan of thousands of Honduran migrants makes its way across southern Mexico, another caravan is forming in its wake.

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala bars entry to UN-sponsored corruption investigator  The News Tribune

Authorities in Guatemala are holding a member of a U.N.-sponsored anti-corruption commission in the capital's airport, refusing him entry to the country in an ...

The News Tribune
Guatemala pulls diplomatic credentials of UN body's workers  Fox News

GUATEMALA CITY – Guatemalan authorities said Tuesday that they have withdrawn diplomatic immunity from 11 workers with a U.N.-sponsored anti-graft ...

Fox News
Honduran Caravan Crosses Guatemala, Traveling Toward U.S.  NPR

The caravan, which could consist of up to 2000 migrants, began its journey from Honduras on Monday. The migrants have already become symbols in the ...

Caravan migrants break Guatemala border fence, rush Mexico  Star Tribune

Migrants traveling in a mass caravan burst through a Guatemalan border fence and streamed by the thousands toward Mexican territory on Friday, defying ...

Star Tribune
U.S. sends dozens of military vehicles to Guatemala despite alleged misuse  The Washington Post

MEXICO CITY — The Trump administration donated dozens of new military vehicles to the Guatemalan government, just weeks after authorities in the Central ...

The Washington Post
Washington Trained Guatemala's Mass Murderers—and the Border Patrol Played a Role  The Nation.

Now two Guatemalan children have died under Border Patrol custody. But the agency's role in Latin American oppression has a long history.

The Nation.
Hidden Maya Civilization Revealed Beneath Guatemala's Jungle Canopy  Live Science

More than 61,000 ancient Maya structures — from large pyramids to single houses — were lurking beneath the dense jungle canopy in Guatemala, revealing ...

Live Science
'Yes, we can': caravan of 1,600 Honduran migrants crosses Guatemala border  The Guardian

Caravan left San Pedro Sula on Friday after Mike Pence urged Honduras, El Salvador and Guatemala to tell citizens to stay home.

The Guardian
Hunger, not violence, fuels Guatemalan migration surge, U.S. says  The Washington Post

Homeland Security officials have for the first time offered an explanation for a puzzling increase in the number of Guatemalan families showing up at the U.S. ...

The Washington Post
An attack on corruption sleuths in Guatemala is also aimed at judges  The Economist

In 2007 the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala (CICIG) became the first international anti-graft agency to exercise legal power inside a ...

The Economist
Constitutional Standoff Pushes Guatemala Toward Authoritarianism  The New York Times

When a popular anti-corruption commission targeted the president, he tried to block it and ban its leader from the country.

The New York Times
Arkansas Airman fixes hospital equipment in Guatemala > US Air Force > Article Display  Air Force Link

Throughout a week-long medical readiness training exercise, 30 Airmen from the 189th Airlift Wing and 188th Wing saw more than 2000 patients. While that ...

Air Force Link
‘I’m in despair’: a mother and village mourn Guatemalan boy's death in US  The Guardian

Felipe Gómez Alonzo and his father left their modest mountain home with dreams of a new life. Now a community is grieving.

The Guardian
How Guatemala achieved what was once thought impossible: major reductions in homicides.  The Washington Post

Media coverage of the migrant caravan that moved through Guatemala in October diminished after the U.S. midterms — at least until Saturday's new interim rule ...

The Washington Post
Guatemala Gives the U.N. the Boot  The Wall Street Journal

The Commission Against Impunity undercuts confidence in the justice system.

The Wall Street Journal
Guatemala girl, 7, dies in US custody 'of dehydration, shock'  Al Jazeera English

Washington Post reports the child died of dehydration and shock after being arrested by Border Patrol agents.

Al Jazeera English
UN anti-corruption body in Guatemala says work lit backlash  Toronto Star

The head of a United Nations-backed anti-corruption commission in Guatemala says power structures that co-opt the government and refuse to give up their ...

Toronto Star
2nd child dead in US custody mourned in Guatemala village  Fox News

White flowers and flickering candles sat atop a low table inside the simple wooden home in remote, rural Guatemala.

Fox News
Guatemalan Leader Bars Re-entry of Corruption Prosecutor  The New York Times

The move by President Jimmy Morales puts him in direct conflict with Guatemala's highest court and pushes the country toward a constitutional crisis.

The New York Times
Guatemala's end-of-year 'stork marathon' raises ethical questions  FRANCE 24

Follow international news through our Observers' amateur images and eyewitness testimony. All the *content* is verified and explained by our journalists.

Searching For Deported Parents In Guatemala, While Children Wait In The U.S.  NPR

The ACLU and other groups are scouring Guatemala to track down parents who were separated from their children in the United States and deported back ...

Haunting photos show the aftermath of a devastating volcanic eruption in Guatemala  Washington Post

Associated Press photographer Rodrigo Abd documents the aftermath of a natural disaster.

Washington Post
Guatemala ex-VP Roxana Baldetti jailed in 'Magic Water' scandal  BBC News

A court in Guatemala has sentenced the former vice-president, Roxana Baldetti, to 15 years and six months in jail for her role in what became known as the ...

BBC News
Judge: Lawsuit Over Guatemala Syphilis Experiment to Proceed  VOA News

A U.S. federal judge in Maryland has ruled that pharmaceutical company Bristol-Myers Squibb, Johns Hopkins University and the Rockefeller Foundation must ...

VOA News
Caravan of migrants crosses river from Guatemala to Mexico - video report  The Guardian

A third group of people - this time from El Salvador - waded through the Suchiate River into Mexico on Friday after being stopped at the bridge between ...

The Guardian
Guatemala’s Democracy Is Under Threat — by Its Own President  New York Times

GUATEMALA CITY — The president of Guatemala pushed the nation toward a constitutional crisis on Monday, ignoring an explicit order by the country's top ...

New York Times
Why Is Trump Tacitly Supporting Corruption in Guatemala?  The New York Times

The administration's silence empowers President Jimmy Morales to continue ruling with impunity.

The New York Times
Guatemala: New Attack on Anti-Corruption Body  Human Rights Watch

The decision by the government of President Jimmy Morales to expel investigators with the International Commission against Impunity in Guatemala is a major ...

Human Rights Watch
How Guatemala is sliding into chaos in the fight for land and water  The Guardian

A farmers' leader shot in the back is one of 18 activists killed this year, targeted for opposing evictions, logging and mining.

The Guardian
Astonishing video shows Guatemala volcano eruption up close  The Telegraph

A group of hikers who ascended Guatemala's Fuego volcano captured the moment they witnessed an unexpectedly large eruption at close range.

The Telegraph
UN anti-corruption body in Guatemala rebuts government's reasons for expulsion order  UN News

In a letter addressed to UN Secretary-General António Guterres, Iván Velásquez, the senior UN official in charge of the International Commission Against ...

UN News
Guatemala gives anti-corruption researchers 72 hours to leave country  Breaking Belize News

Posted: Thursday, December 20, 2018. 8:52 a.m. CST. By BBN Staff: Today, in an official Gazette from the Guatemalan government, it was confirmed by that ...

Breaking Belize News
'There Is Nothing For Us Here': Why People Keep Leaving Guatemala  NPR

Most of those migrating to the U.S. from Central America are fleeing violence and joblessness. Many come from Guatemala where returnees deported from the ...


Guatemala Videos

Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Audio)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Audio)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Lyrics)
Swae Lee, Slim Jxmmi, Rae Sremmurd - Guatemala (Lyrics)
15 Things You Didn't Know About Guatemala
15 Things You Didn't Know About Guatemala
Guatemala, interesada en avión Pampa 3
Guatemala, interesada en avión Pampa 3
Entrenamiento de Mujeres - Ciudad de Guatemala
Entrenamiento de Mujeres - Ciudad de Guatemala
Exploring the Mayan Highlands-Running Guatemala-Episode 4
Exploring the Mayan Highlands-Running Guatemala-Episode 4
Prohíben uso de plástico en Antigua Guatemala | Prensa Libre
Prohíben uso de plástico en Antigua Guatemala | Prensa Libre
Don Barra En El Mercado Municipal De Antigua Guatemala
Don Barra En El Mercado Municipal De Antigua Guatemala

Guatemala Images

Laguna de Ayarza | Santa Rosa, Guatemala | Ivan Castro ...
Laguna de Ayarza | Santa Rosa, Guatemala | Ivan Castro ...
Altar del Santísimo Sacramento en Catedral Metropolitana e ...
Altar del Santísimo Sacramento en Catedral Metropolitana e ...
Europlaza - Guatemala | Complejo de Oficinas en Guatemala ...
Europlaza - Guatemala | Complejo de Oficinas en Guatemala ...
gallery - Michelle Siu Freelance Photographer
gallery - Michelle Siu Freelance Photographer
Torre del Reformador | Alejandro Abadía | Flickr
Torre del Reformador | Alejandro Abadía | Flickr
Travel for Kids Flores Guatemala
Travel for Kids Flores Guatemala
Quetzaltenango, Guatemala | Quetzalteca Especial (“Indita ...
Quetzaltenango, Guatemala | Quetzalteca Especial (“Indita ...
Playa Blanca, Izabal, Guatemala | Mi lugar favorito en ...
Playa Blanca, Izabal, Guatemala | Mi lugar favorito en ...
Marbres & Granite
Marbres & Granite

Guatemala WebSites


Guatemala Wiki

Guatemala ( (listen) GWAH-tə-MAH-lə; Spanish: [gwateˈmala]), officially the Republic of Guatemala (Spanish: República de Guatemala), is a country in Central America bordered by Mexico to the north and west, Belize and the Caribbean to the northeast, Honduras to the east, El Salvador to the southeast and the Pacific Ocean to the south. With an estimated population of around 16.6 million, it is the most populated country in Central America. Guatemala is a representative democracy; its capital and largest city is Nueva Guatemala de la Asunción, also known as Guatemala City.The territory of modern Guatemala once formed the core of the Maya civilization, which extended across Mesoamerica. Most of the country was conquered by the Spanish in the 16th century, becoming part of the viceroyalty of New Spain. Guatemala attained independence in 1821 as part of the Federal Republic of Central America, which dissolved by 1841.From the mid to late 19th century, Guatemala experienced chronic instability and civil strife. Beginning in the early 20th century, it was ruled by a series of dictators backed by the United Fruit Company and the United States government. In 1944, authoritarian leader Jorge Ubico was overthrown by a pro-democratic military coup, initiating a decade-long revolution that led to sweeping social and economic reforms. A U.S.-backed military coup in 1954 ended the revolution and installed a dictatorship.From 1960 to 1996, Guatemala endured a bloody civil war fought between the US-backed government and leftist rebels, including genocidal massacres of the Maya population perpetrated by the military. Since a United Nations-negotiated peace accord, Guatemala has witnessed both economic growth and successful democratic elections, though it continues to struggle with high rates of poverty, crime, drug trade, and instability. As of 2014, Guatemala ranks 31st of 33 Latin American and Caribbean countries in terms of the Human Development Index.Guatemala's abundance of biologically significant and unique ecosystems includes a large number of endemic species and contributes to Mesoamerica's designation as a biodiversity hotspot.