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NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Tue, 15 Jan 2019 14:53:19 GMTGoogle News
Tuesday's papers: Finland's sexual abuse statistics, sports and human rights talk in China  YLE News

Papers on Tuesday go into police statistics on sexual assault against minors in Finland, and President Sauli Niinistö's visit to Beijing on Monday.

YLE News
Finnwatch: Majority of Finland's baby box products made in sweatshop locations  YLE News

More than ten products in Finland's world-renowned baby box are made in circumstances that involve serious labour rights shortcomings, according to the ...

YLE News
Nokia to slash 350 jobs in Finland as part of cost cuts  Channel NewsAsia

Finnish telecom equipment maker Nokia said on Tuesday it was going to cut 350 jobs in Finland as part of ongoing plans to find savings worth 700 ...

Channel NewsAsia
Vox Sentences: What happens in Finland stays in Finland  Vox

Vox Sentences is your daily digest for what's happening in the world. Sign up for the Vox Sentences newsletter, delivered straight to your inbox Monday through ...

Vox
How does Finland handle radioactive waste? By burying it  Euronews English

Euronews plunges 450 meters deep down inside Finnish bedrock. Spent nuclear fuel is going to be stored for the next 100,000 years. The Onkalo tunnel will be ...

Euronews English
Monday's papers: Claims on Finnishness, citizenship obstacles and 'Buy Finland'  YLE News

The Finns Party youth wing's ethno-centric view of 'Finnishness,' language skills prove a challenge for citizenship and a win for the domestic meat industry.

YLE News
Finland and China: After pandas, hockey diplomacy  YLE News

Finland balances its own economic interests and commitment to human rights as President Sauli Niinistö makes a state visit to China.

YLE News
NTR acquires wind portfolios in Sweden and Finland  Independent.ie

Sustainable infrastructure investor NTR has acquired portfolios in Sweden and Finland.

Independent.ie
You can get married in this snow church in Southeast Finland – but you'd better hurry  YLE News

Locals in Lappeenranta in southeast Finland formally opened the city's snow church, otherwise known as the Church of St. Lawrence on Sunday, 13 January.

YLE News
Hamalainen features for Finland senior side  QPR official website

Niko Hamalainen played for Finland's senior side against Estonia during a winter training camp in Qatar last week.

QPR official website
Finland's young lionesses nab world ice hockey bronze  YLE News

Finland's young lionesses defeated Russia to take the bronze medal in the 2019 World Women's Under-18 Ice Hockey Championship in Obihiro, Japan.

YLE News
Temperatures in Finland to drop to new record lows for this winter, says meteorologist at Foreca  Helsinki Times

Temperatures may drop as low as -25ºC in southern and -35ºC in northern parts of the country as soon as this week, says Markus Mäntykannas, a meteorologist ...

Helsinki Times
AI set to assist health centres patients in Finland  YLE News

In the future, patients contemplating a hospital visit could benefit from AI, helping them determine whether they should seek medical care or not.

YLE News
First ever winter sighting of blue-green algae in Gulf of Finland  YLE News

In the frigid waters of the Gulf of Finland, cyanobacteria has been observed for the first time during the winter months.

YLE News
Finland wins world junior hockey title on Kaapo Kakko's late goal vs. U.S.  ESPN

Kaapo Kakko scored with 1:26 left to give Finland its fifth world junior hockey title 3-2 over the United States on Saturday.

ESPN
All Points North #35: Poverty in Finland with Eeva-Maria Grekula, Liisa Heinämäki and Jiri Sironen  YLE News

This week the Yle News team sat down to talk about persistent poverty in the country with Jiri Sironen of the European Anti-Poverty Network in Finland, ...

YLE News
Bowling: Cherie Tan hits perfect game, finishes second in Finland  The Straits Times

SINGAPORE - She has been bowling for 17 years when she recorded her first perfect game at last year's Brunswick Euro Challenge in March.. Read more at ...

The Straits Times
GAMEDAY: US Ready for Semifinal Clash with Finland  USA Hockey

The U.S. Under-18 Women's National Team (3-0-0-0/W-OTW-OTL-L) takes on Finland tonight as it looks for its fourth consecutive victory at the 2019 IIHF ...

USA Hockey
Student in Finland diagnosed with contagious tuberculosis  YLE News

A roughly 30-year-old student who attends Saimaa University of Applied Sciences in eastern Finland's region of South Karelia has been diagnosed with ...

YLE News
More Britons than Swedes visited Finland in November – but Russians still #1  YLE News

The number of Chinese tourists surged by one third within a year, but the overall foreign visits remained flat.

YLE News
Malmö's Möllevången rape suspect arrested in Finland  The Local Sweden

The man suspected of raping a woman in November in Malmö's Möllevången Square is now being held pending trial, after he was arrested in Finland and ...

The Local Sweden
US Defeats Finland, 7-1; Advances to U18 WWC Gold-Medal Game  USA Hockey

The United States Under-18 Women's National Team advanced to the 2019 IIHF Under-18 Women's World Championship gold-medal game with a 7-1 victory ...

USA Hockey
Finland Economic Growth At 4-month Low In November  Markets Insider

(RTTNews) - Finland's national economic output grew at the slowest pace in four months in November, preliminary data from Statistics Finland showed on Tuesd ...

Markets Insider
It’s Cold, Dark and Lacks Parking. But Is This Finnish Town the World’s Happiest?  The New York Times

Polling suggests that Kauniainen, a small suburb of the Finnish capital, is the most satisfied town in the world's happiest country. The secret may be the wealth of ...

The New York Times
Surprising saunas in Finland  National Geographic

In a country where there are likely more saunas than cars, a person doesn't have to go far to find a steamy room to warm away the winter chill. Devotees both ...

National Geographic
Finland football star cites ethical stand, refuses to play in Qatar  YLE News

Finland international Riku Riski has refused to join a training camp in Qatar citing ethical concerns.

YLE News
Finland's Foreign Minister to share experience of chairing the Arctic Council in Iceland  Arctic.ru

The Finnish Minister for Foreign Affairs Timo Soini will share his country's experience of chairing the Arctic Council during his visit to Iceland on January 13-15, ...

Arctic.ru
Finland is trying to compete with China and the US in the race for 5G  CNBC

Nokia is gaining momentum in the mobile communications market as a key player making 5G equipment and software. The company's efforts have helped put ...

CNBC
Finland's Border Guards brace for seasonal influx of Russian tourists  YLE News

Border Guards in southeast Finland are preparing for a brisk period of border crossings from Russia in the New Year. The period has traditionally been one of ...

YLE News
Finland loosens name law, but most still prefer classics  YLE News

Finland will update name laws at the start of 2019 to provide residents with a wider range of options for their own names as well as their children's.

YLE News
Telia cutting landline services in Finland  YLE News

Nordic telecoms firm Telia announced Tuesday it will stop offering landline services and plans to gradually convert wired subscriptions into mobile ones.

YLE News
Dream homes: Five stylish properties for sale in Finland  USA TODAY

Finland has a rich architecture and design legacy, which makes Helsinki an interesting market for second home buyers.

USA TODAY
ELTA Systems to deliver counter-battery radars to Finland  Army Technology

Israel-based company ELTA Systems has received orders for the delivery of counter-battery radars to the Finnish Defence Forces.

Army Technology
Escape rooms in Finland safe, say organisers  YLE News

In Finland escape rooms operate without special regulations, but organisers claim they are safe. On Friday an escape room fire killed five teens in Poland.

YLE News
Fazer to invest EUR40m in new Finland plant  just-food.com

Finland's Fazer Group is investing in a new domestic production plant after announcing earlier this week it planned to close one of its facilities. related to Bakery, ...

just-food.com
Finland to buy counter-artillery radars  defence-blog.com

Minister of Defense Jussi Niinisto has authorized Finnish Defense Forces' Logistics Command on January 11, 2018 to acquire counter-battery radars.

defence-blog.com
5 beautiful plants common in Finland  CGTN

Finland, which seized the top spot on the 2018 World Happiness Report, is known for its stunning natural beauty. The country has about 188,000 lakes and vast ...

CGTN
Finland's employment minister announces European Parliament candidacy  YLE News

Employment Minister Jari Lindström made the announcement at a Blue Reform party meeting on Monday.

YLE News
U.S. beats Finland to finish second in Group B at world juniors  ESPN

Northeastern's Tyler Madden scored twice and Jason Robertson had a goal and an assist as the United States closed out the preliminary round of the world ...

ESPN
Finland investigating involvement of 1,400 citizens in SS war crimes  Haaretz

Finnish historians have begun a research project on the involvement of Finnish soldiers in war crimes carried out by the SS during World War II. They are ...

Haaretz
Report: Rise in overseas flights harms climate more than driving  YLE News

International airline traffic from Finland produced a record-breaking five percent more carbon dioxide emissions in 2016 than road traffic, a study from airport ...

YLE News
The Montreal Canadiens should hope history repeats itself with Finland’s victory  A Winning Habit

Jesse Ylonen and Team Finland took the gold medal World Juniors over the weekend which could to a series of success stories for the Montreal Canadiens.

A Winning Habit
Iraqi Corporal Posing With Daesh Terrorist's Severed Head Penalised in Finland  Sputnik International

An Iraqi resident in Finland was found guilty of war crimes for posing with a severed head of a Daesh* terrorist while making a victory sign with his fingers during ...

Sputnik International
Finland marks winter solstice, longer days on the horizon  YLE News

Winter solstice falls on 22 December in the Northern Hemisphere this year, bringing the shortest period of daylight and longest night of the year to Finland.

YLE News
"Finland should strip residence permits from criminals," says parliamentary speaker  YLE News

Finland's parliamentary speaker, Paula Risikko, wants to make it easier for Finland to cancel residence permits held by convicted criminals.

YLE News
Finnish President Calls Growing Migrant Grooming Gang Scandal 'Unbearable'  Sputnik International

The migrant grooming gang scandal that shook Finland in late 2018 appears to have escalated, earning stern condemnation from Finnish President Sauli ...

Sputnik International
Canada's Five to Watch against Finland  Canadian Hockey League

All eyes will be on Team Canada as it takes on Finland in the Quarter-Final of the 2019 IIHF World Junior Championship. The defending champions finished ...

Canadian Hockey League
Finland's high earners saw bigger income boost than mid, low earners in 2017  YLE News

Finland's high earners saw their real income grow more in 2017 than their peers in middle and low income groups, according to new data released by Statistics ...

YLE News
Mermaid swimming in Finland: 'Don't judge it until you try it'  YLE News

A real-life mermaid school brings the Instagram craze to Finland's indoor community pools - and it's not just for kids.

YLE News
Watch: Finland's Santas for hire - a cherished Christmas tradition  YLE News

On Christmas Eve as many children the world over go to bed hoping that Santa Claus will visit them during the night, some youngsters in Finland prepare to ...

YLE News
Finland will see white Christmas, meteorologist says  YLE News

Finland will be blanketed in snow over Christmas and subzero temperatures will keep most of the white stuff on the ground for weeks, says an Yle meteorologist.

YLE News
Finnish government makes first hesitant Brexit promises to Brits  News Now Finland

The Finnish government has finally revealed – partially – what will happen to some 5000 British nationals living here, in the event of a no-deal Brexit.

News Now Finland
Watch: Finland's tiny house movement checked by regulations, attitudes  YLE News

Some in Finland want to downsize to smaller homes for environmental and financial reasons, but housing regulations remain an obstacle.

YLE News
Finland has a new eco-fashion line – clothes made from trees  EWN

At a reception to mark the country's Independence Day, the first lady of Finland wore a sustainable evening gown made from Finnish birch trees.

EWN
Finland sees more suicides than EU average  YLE News

After decades of declining numbers of self-inflicted deaths, Finland's suicide rate increased for the second year in a row last year.

YLE News
Report: Finland's environment suffering from human activity  YLE News

Almost half of the nearly 400 habitat types across the country are under threat, mainly from human activity, says a new environmental evaluation.

YLE News
Estonia looks to Finland to fast-track Rail Baltica project  YLE News

Estonia is pinning its hopes on comments made by Transport Minister Anne Berner, who said that Finland is considering a stake in the Rail Baltica project.

YLE News
Finland’s grand AI experiment  POLITICO.eu

Inside Finland's plan to train its population in artificial intelligence.

POLITICO.eu
Even Santa needs to pay taxes in Finland  YLE News

To the outrage of some, the Tax Administration has issued a reminder to freelance Santa Clauses of their obligation to pay income tax on their earnings.

YLE News
Finland's employment rate finally hits 72%, confirms Statistics Finland  Helsinki Times

A great piece of news for Christmas,” Prime Minister Juha Sipilä (Centre) commented on Twitter on Friday.

Helsinki Times
Finland declares Christmas Peace in 700-year-old tradition  YLE News

Thousands of people looked on Monday as Turku city protocol chief Mika Akkanen strode out to the balcony of of Brinkkala House overlooking Turku market ...

YLE News
Growing number of over-65s in Finland burdened with past-due bills  YLE News

Nearly 34500 over-65-year-olds had long-overdue outstanding bills in 2018, nine percent more than in 2017.

YLE News
U.S., Finland advance to title game in world junior hockey tournament  Minneapolis Star Tribune

VANCOUVER, British Columbia – Oliver Wahlstrom and Alexander Chmelevski scored, Cayden Primeau made 35 saves and the United States advanced to the ...

Minneapolis Star Tribune
Meteorological Institute confirms 2018 was hottest year in Finland's history  Helsinki Times

THE FINNISH METEOROLOGICAL INSTITUTE HAS CONFIRMED that 2018 was the hottest year in Finland since records began over 150 years ago, fuelling ...

Helsinki Times
Schoolkids in Finland start holiday break  YLE News

Pupils across Finland are starting their holiday break on Friday, with most off school until Monday, 7 January.

YLE News
Finns Demand Rapist Migrants Be Deported as More Child Sex Abuse Cases Emerge  Breitbart

Tens of thousands of Finns demanded a “zero tolerance” approach to third world migrants who commit sex offences.

Breitbart
Driver navigates harrowing zero-visibility during Finland winter  AOL UK

Drivers in parts of Finland drove through frighteningly low visibility as a winter storm struck. Europe has been experiencing huge amounts of snowfall across ...

AOL UK
Finland defeats Canada in world juniors tune-up  CBC.ca

Finland scored twice on the power play and once shorthanded to defeat Canada 5-2 Sunday in an exhibition game prior to the 2019 IIHF World Junior ...

CBC.ca
Sex abuse cases color immigration debate before Finnish election  Reuters

The parliamentary heads of two of Finland's largest parties have called for action after investigations against 19 foreign-born men on suspicion of sexual abuse ...

Reuters
Finland Triumphs over Sweden in U18 Quarterfinal  The Ice Garden

Elisa Holopainen is on fire. The tournament's leading scorer came in clutch yet again, striking at the perfect time in OT to send Finland through to the semifinals ...

The Ice Garden
Heavy snowfall causes flight cancellations, affects road conditions in Finland  Helsinki Times

Finnair says it has cancelled a total of 14 flights due to heavy snowfall expected in Helsinki on Tuesday.

Helsinki Times
Henri Jokiharju hopes to take off with Blackhawks after golden play for Finland  Chicago Sun-Times

Henri Jokiharju was kicking around the United Center on Monday, his first time with the Blackhawks since leaving in mid-December to join Team Finland for the ...

Chicago Sun-Times
Tyler Madden scores two goals to help USA top Finland to finish World Junior prelims  Vancouver Courier

Canucks fans were eager to watch Team USA at the World Junior tournament for one reason: Quinn Hughes. The Canucks' first-round pick from the 2018 draft ...

Vancouver Courier
Photographer Captures Enchanting Photos of Finland's Forest Animals  My Modern Met

Combining his love of nature with his skills in photography, 21-year-old Ossi Saarinen captures the many wild forest animals living Finland's mystical woodlands.

My Modern Met
Michelle Obama’s Book Is No. 1 Here — and No. 1 in Finland, Singapore and Portugal  The New York Times

Since so few books are published in December, the best-seller lists don't change much this time of year. John Grisham's “The Reckoning” remains atop the ...

The New York Times
Q&A: The architect of Finland's golden generation explains...  The Athletic

In 2009, the Finnish Ice Hockey Association was so disappointed in its recent results that it called a nationwide hockey summit. To change its course, Finland ...

The Athletic
USA and Finland earn their spot in gold medal game  TSN

James Duthie, Craig Button and Bob McKenzie discuss the margin for error during the World Juniors, and why Russia might be feeling a lot like Canada did after ...

TSN
What does the US embassy in Baghdad export to Finland and dozens of other countries?  Helsinki Times

Mysterious cargo shipments from the US Embassy in Baghdad to other American embassies and consulates around the world have been revealed on a ...

Helsinki Times
Canada confident ahead of quarter-final game against Finland  CBC.ca

The Canadians lost their final round-robin matchup 2-1 in a tight battle with the Russians on New Year's Eve, but the defending champions have a chance to ...

CBC.ca
Ex-Rangers kid Robbie Crawford moves from Iceland to Finland after signing for IFK Mariehamn  The Scottish Sun

Ex-Rangers kid Robbie Crawford, 25, came through the ranks at Ibrox and played over 40 times for the Light Blues as they made their way back up the leagues.

The Scottish Sun
Oh, the shame! Habs captain Shea Weber forced to wear Finland colours  Montreal Gazette

Montreal Gazette hockey writer Stu Cowan captured Canadiens captain Shea Weber in full humiliation garb after Friday morning's practice at the Habs training ...

Montreal Gazette
Gameday: US Closes 2019 World Jr Prelims Against Finland  USA Hockey

The U.S. National Junior Team (2-0-1-0) meets Finland (2-0-0-1) tonight to close preliminary round action here at the 2019 IIHF World Junior Championship in ...

USA Hockey
Flyers' Jori Lehtera charged with drug offense in Finland  ESPN

Philadelphia Flyers forward Jori Lehtera was charged with drug offenses in his native Finland on Monday. He is accused of purchasing eight grams of cocaine ...

ESPN
Mika Ronkainen, Merja Aakko Talk ‘All The Sins,’ Finland’s Bible Belt, Landscape  Variety

Set in Finland's Bible Belt, produced by Finland's Matila Rohr Productions, “All The Sins” mixes small town crime, large character suspense.

Variety
Finland's Tampere bids for 2024 European Athletics Championship  YLE News

The city of Tampere in south-central Finland is bidding against Minsk, Gothenburg and Silesia for the European track and field games.

YLE News
Canada drops shootout against Finland's KalPa Kuopio in Spengler Cup final  Times Colonist

DAVOS, Switzerland — Jaakko Rissanen scored in the eighth round of a shootout to give Finnish club KalPa Kuopio a 2-1 win over three-time defending ...

Times Colonist
Eurobites: Landlines Are Finished in Finland, Says Telia  Light Reading

Also in today's EMEA regional roundup: Swedes are well connected; Nagra wins big at Telefonica; Deutsche Telekom ignores Christmas, presses on with ...

Light Reading
Zynga to acquire Finland's Small Giant Games for €610m  Helsinki Times

Zynga, a San Francisco-based social games developer, said yesterday it has reached an agreement to acquire 80 per cent of shares in the Finnish game studio ...

Helsinki Times
Brannstrom leads Sweden past Finland at WJC  TSN

Defenceman Erik Brannstrom scored twice as Sweden toppled Finland 2-1 in Group B round-robin action. Brannstrom opened the scoring in the first period and ...

TSN
Blackhawks loan Henri Jokiharju to Finland for junior championship  ESPN

The Blackhawks have loaned Henri Jokiharju to Finland for the upcoming world junior championship.

ESPN
Finland Doing Everything Possible to Keep Russia as Member of Council of Europe - Speaker  UrduPoint News

The parliamentary delegation of Finland in the Council of Europe is committed to preserving Russias membership in the organization, Finnish Parliament ...

UrduPoint News
Finland's 'housing first' homelessness strategy could help ease Toronto's shelter crisis  CBC.ca

As Toronto struggles to house a growing popultion of homeless people, long-term answers could lie 6600 km away in Helsinki.

CBC.ca
Burger wars: Finland's fast food fight to go green  News Now Finland

As the race to become Finland's number one fast food chain heats up, outlets are also finding value in adding vegetarian or vegan options to their menus.

News Now Finland
Andersson: Finland's fighter jet acquisition must withstand critical scrutiny  Helsinki Times

Li Andersson, the chairperson of the Left Alliance, has expressed her dismay at some of the statements made during a debate about the upcoming fighter jet ...

Helsinki Times
Kids in sports: Waterloo Wildfire ringette team takes on Finland  TheRecord.com

On Jan. 2, the Waterloo Wildfire U16AA ringette team hosted the Finland 03's for an exhibition game at RIM Park. It was a hard fought game, but the Wildfire ...

TheRecord.com
Finland's most spectacular gingerbread house is from Kuopio  YLE News

A confectionary version of the Kuopio city hall was the winner of Yle's gingerbread house competition.

YLE News
Friday Fare Deals: NYC, Chicago, Finland, Austin, Montreal, more  SF Gate

The flight deal gurus at Thrifty Traveler have teamed up with SFGate to provide a weekly roundup of the best domestic and international flight deals from the San ...

SF Gate
Finland: Robin rumoured to represent the country in Eurovision 2019  ESCXTRA.com

Finnish fans have found some evidence that Robin might represent Finland in Eurovision Song Contest 2019.

ESCXTRA.com
Finland rebounds with win over Kazakhstan at WJC  TSN

Finland rebounded by blanking Kazakhstan 5-0 in the late game Thursday at the 2019 World Junior Championship. Finland peppered Kazakhstan with 56 shots ...

TSN
Wooden clothes on the recycled Christmas list?  BBC News

A university in Finland has invented a process to turn waste wood into material for clothing.

BBC News
 

Finland Videos

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Finland Images

Finland to Norway - Karasjok and Kautokeino
Finland to Norway - Karasjok and Kautokeino
FINLAND-CHINA-DIPLOMACY - pg.8
FINLAND-CHINA-DIPLOMACY - pg.8
should have bought this when i had the chance... Finland ...
should have bought this when i had the chance... Finland ...
Kirkenes , Norway in the Winter - YouTube
Kirkenes , Norway in the Winter - YouTube
Energy in Finland
Energy in Finland
SL robot layout (20) – Bayfire
SL robot layout (20) – Bayfire
Architecture Photography: Venice Biennale 2012: Finland (6 ...
Architecture Photography: Venice Biennale 2012: Finland (6 ...
Bf 109 F-4
Bf 109 F-4
Vivax
Vivax
01.01.2017 New Year Phratamnak PATTAYA THAILAND
01.01.2017 New Year Phratamnak PATTAYA THAILAND
 

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Finland Wiki

Finland (Finnish: Suomi [suo̯mi] (listen); Swedish: Finland [ˈfɪnland] (listen)), officially the Republic of Finland (Finnish: Suomen tasavalta, Swedish: Republiken Finland (listen to all)) is a country in Northern Europe bordering the Baltic Sea, Gulf of Bothnia, and Gulf of Finland, between Norway to the north, Sweden to the northwest, and Russia to the east. Finland is a Nordic country and is situated in the geographical region of Fennoscandia. The capital and largest city is Helsinki. Other major cities are Espoo, Vantaa, Tampere, Oulu and Turku.Finland's population is 5.52 million (2018), and the majority of the population is concentrated in the southern region. 88.7% of the population is Finnish and speaks Finnish, a Uralic language unrelated to the Scandinavian languages; next come the Finland-Swedes (5.3%). Finland is the eighth-largest country in Europe and the most sparsely populated country in the European Union. The sovereign state is a parliamentary republic with a central government based in the capital city of Helsinki, local governments in 311 municipalities, and one autonomous region, the Åland Islands. Over 1.4 million people live in the Greater Helsinki metropolitan area, which produces one third of the country's GDP.Finland was inhabited when the last ice age ended, approximately 9000 BCE. The first settlers left behind artefacts that present characteristics shared with those found in Estonia, Russia, and Norway. The earliest people were hunter-gatherers, using stone tools. The first pottery appeared in 5200 BCE, when the Comb Ceramic culture was introduced. The arrival of the Corded Ware culture in southern coastal Finland between 3000 and 2500 BCE may have coincided with the start of agriculture. The Bronze Age and Iron Age were characterised by extensive contacts with other cultures in the Fennoscandian and Baltic regions and the sedentary farming inhabitation increased towards the end of Iron Age. At the time Finland had three main cultural areas – Southwest Finland, Tavastia and Karelia – as reflected in contemporary jewellery.From the late 13th century, Finland gradually became an integral part of Sweden through the Northern Crusades and the Swedish part-colonisation of coastal Finland, a legacy reflected in the prevalence of the Swedish language and its official status. In 1809, Finland was incorporated into the Russian Empire as the autonomous Grand Duchy of Finland. In 1906, Finland became the first European state to grant all adult citizens the right to vote, and the first in the world to give all adult citizens the right to run for public office.Following the 1917 Russian Revolution, Finland declared itself independent. In 1918, the fledgling state was divided by civil war, with the Bolshevik-leaning Red Guard supported by the equally new Soviet Russia, fighting the White Guard, supported by the German Empire. After a brief attempt to establish a kingdom, the country became a republic. During World War II, the Soviet Union sought repeatedly to occupy Finland, with Finland losing parts of Karelia, Salla, Kuusamo, Petsamo and some islands, but retaining independence.Finland joined the United Nations in 1955 and established an official policy of neutrality. The Finno-Soviet Treaty of 1948 gave the Soviet Union some leverage in Finnish domestic politics during the Cold War era. Finland joined the OECD in 1969, the NATO Partnership for Peace in 1994, the European Union in 1995, the Euro-Atlantic Partnership Council in 1997, and finally the Eurozone at its inception, in 1999.Finland was a relative latecomer to industrialisation, remaining a largely agrarian country until the 1950s. After World War II, the Soviet Union demanded war reparations from Finland not only in money but also in material, such as ships and machinery. This forced Finland to industrialise. It rapidly developed an advanced economy while building an extensive welfare state based on the Nordic model, resulting in widespread prosperity and one of the highest per capita incomes in the world. Finland is a top performer in numerous metrics of national performance, including education, economic competitiveness, civil liberties, quality of life, and human development. In 2015, Finland was ranked first in the World Human Capital and the Press Freedom Index and as the most stable country in the world during 2011–2016 in the Fragile States Index, and second in the Global Gender Gap Report. A large majority of Finns are members of the Evangelical Lutheran Church, and freedom of religion is guaranteed under the Finnish Constitution.