news videos images websites wiki

Estonia NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 16:44:26 GMTGoogle News
British Wildcat and Apache helicopters to arrive in Estonia  ERR News

UK defence forces are to deploy Wildcat and Apache helicopters to Estonia, Defence Secretary Gavin Williamson (Conservative) announced on Wednesday.

ERR News
Estonia: Ex-army officer, father guilty of spying for Russia - Hartford Courant  Hartford Courant

A court in Estonia on Monday found a former Estonian military officer and his father guilty of treason for spying for Russia, Baltic media reported.

Hartford Courant
Toomas Ilves: Lessons in digital democracy from Estonia  Stanford Report

How did Estonia become a leader in cybersecurity and uses of the internet for processes of democracy? | iStock/bgblue.

Stanford Report
Writers and translators can apply for a literature residency in Tartu, Estonia  Estonian World

The Tartu City of Literature International Residency Programme for English-speaking writers and translators is open for an application for an April-May 2019 ...

Estonian World
UK to deploy deadly Apache helicopters in Estonia  Estonian World

The UK defence secretary Gavin Williamson has announced that the British Army's Wildcat and Apache helicopters will be deployed to Estonia in 2019.

Estonian World
Estonia drops anti-money laundering legislation before election  Reuters

TALLINN (Reuters) - Estonia's parliament has dropped a proposed law that would have toughen rules on money-laundering, a parliamentary spokeswoman ...

Representatives of seven Estonian parties take part in Toronto town hall  ERR News

On Sunday, 10 February, representatives of seven Estonian political parties participated in a town hall discussion at the Toronto Estonian House in the run-up to ...

ERR News
Estonian Army Officer, Father Jailed For Spying For Russia  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

An Estonian court has found a former army officer and his father guilty of committing treason by spying for Russia.

Long-term unemployment at 20-year low, under-employment rises  ERR News

The rate of long term unemployment in Estonia in 2018 was the lowest for 20 years, according to government agency Statistics Estonia, with the labour force also ...

ERR News
Finland, Estonia and Latvia sign deal for single gas tariff zone  Reuters

Gas transmission operators of Finland, Latvia and Estonia signed an agreement on Thursday to set up a single gas transmission tariff zone for the three ...

Child health in Estonia below EU average  ERR News

The proportion of children in Estonia with general health levels considered ''good or very good'' is amongst the lowest in the EU, with only neighbouring Latvia, ...

ERR News
Enterprise Estonia: Presence in UAE will improve export opportunities  ERR News

The purpose of the Enterprise Estonia representation opened in Dubai on Sunday is to strengthen Estonia's economic ties with the United Arab Emirates (UAE) ...

ERR News
Estonian exports up 12%, imports 10% in 2018 | Business  ERR News

According to information released by Statistics Estonia on Monday morning, in 2018, the exports of goods increased by 12% and imports by 10% compared to ...

ERR News
Marimbas from Estonia  The Jerusalem Post

MustonenFest Tallinn-Tel Aviv brings together some great Estonian-Israeli collaborations.

The Jerusalem Post
Estonia picks central bank deputy governor as new ECB rate-setter  Reuters

Estonia's central bank has picked Madis Müller to replace Governor Ardo Hansson when his term expires in June and assume his seat on the European Central ...

Estonishing Evenings to host fifth English-language pre-election debate  ERR News

Backed by Estonian World and Tallinn's Telliskivi Creative City, the Estonishing Evenings event series will host this year's fifth English-language pre-election ...

ERR News
President meets African leaders in Addis Ababa, discusses digital Estonia  ERR News

President Kersti Kaljulaid is in Addis Ababa, Ethiopia, attending a meeting with various African heads of state, where she discussed digital issues and related the ...

ERR News
Estonia first in the Consumer Technology Association innovation scorecard  Estonian World

Estonia has been ranked first in the Consumer Technology Association 2019 innovation scorecard and also named an “innovation champion” by the ...

Estonian World
2018: Records for the Estonian startup sector + a new wave of entrepreneurs in the community  Tech.eu

(Editor's note: This post was syndicated from the Startup Estonia blog, with permission). In summer 2018, we published our semi-annual statistics (see blogpost) ...

Pre-election political debate conducted in English to focus on the future of Estonia  Estonian World

Powered by Estonian World and the Telliskivi Creative City, the Estonishing Evenings event series hosts an English-language political debate on 18 February; ...

Estonian World
Estonia: An envious student lifestyle  Study International News

A nation that recently announced it's making public transport free, Estonia is a country known for its generous attitude towards education. Small in size but ...

Study International News
Estonian army officer, father jailed for spying for Russia – media  UNIAN

An Estonian court has found a former army officer and his father guilty of committing treason by spying for Russia. Estonia has had several high-profile cases of ...

NATO Fears That This Town Will Be the Epicenter of Conflict With Russia  The Atlantic

Narva, a small Estonian town that borders Russia, used to be part of the USSR. Most people there speak only Russian. Will Putin try to invade like he did in ...

The Atlantic
Number of tourists accommodated in Estonia in 2018 up 1% on year  ERR News

According to information released by Statistics Estonia on Friday, a total of 3.6 million domestic and foreign tourists stayed in the accommodation establishments ...

ERR News
5th call for proposals for Estonia-Latvia cooperation program announced  Baltic Times

TALLINN - The fifth call for proposals under the Estonia-Latvia cross-border cooperation program has been announced with funding available in th...

Baltic Times
Dirty money risks encroaching on Estonia’s digital utopia  Haaretz

Concerns aroused in tiny Baltic country after Danske Bank was alleged to have helped launder money from Russia and other ex-Soviet states.

Estonia Houses The Biggest Biobank In Europe  Forbes

With a clear vision of improving its healthcare system and create national value in the biotech sector, Estonia managed to create the biggest biobank in Europe.

72 hours in Tallinn: what to do in the capital of Estonia  HELLO! Magazine

Fancy a cultural winter mini-break with a splash of snow? Head to Estonia's capital of Tallinn. Here's our guide to a fun-packed three days in the beautiful city…

HELLO! Magazine
Estonia's Box Office Gets a Boost From an Animated Puppy With 'Lotte'  Hollywood Reporter

The success of the 'Lotte' franchise — the latest installment screens in Berlin's Generations sidebar — is a testament to an incentive scheme that has helped ...

Hollywood Reporter
Finnish ePrescriptions make debut in Estonia  YLE News

Starting on Monday people who get ePrescriptions from doctors in Finland can pick up their meds in Estonia - and soon, vice-versa.

YLE News
WATCH: Is climate change a threat to Estonia?  Estonian World

The Estonishing Evenings event series, supported by Estonian World, continues in Tallinn, this time taking a closer look on what impact does climate change ...

Estonian World
Licensed to thrill: How Estonia made registers cool  GovInsider

“I don't really remember when I had to go into some kind of physical *service* desk somewhere in government,” notes Mehis Sihvart, director of Estonia's Centre of ...

Dirty money risks encroach on Estonia's digital utopia  Reuters

Estonia's push to become a digital society has left it vulnerable to dirty money and sanction breaches, the country's top banking regulator has warned.

€328 million invested in Estonian startups in 2018 | Business  ERR News

While the overall number of investments made into Estonian startups declined last year, the total volume of investments grew to €328 million, Kredex and Startup ...

ERR News
A photo exhibition examines the impact of population changes in Estonia  Estonian World

A photo exhibition that examines how Estonia will last for the next one hundred years with a declining population, has opened at the Baltic Station, the central ...

Estonian World
The black storks in Estonia are suffering from loneliness, study finds  Estonian World

A whopping number of the black stork nests in Estonia are inhabited by single birds who cannot breed due to lack of partner, a research led by the Estonian ...

Estonian World
Gallery: Estonia marks 99th anniversary of Treaty of Tartu  ERR News

In a speech on the 99th anniversary of the signing of the Treaty of Tartu between Estonia and Soviet Russia, which marked the end of the War of Independence, ...

ERR News
Estonia scraps key part of new anti-money laundering legislation  Reuters

Estonia scrapped a key part of planned legislation to toughen its laws against money laundering, drafted in the wake of a scandal involving Denmark's Danske ...

SEB lowers Estonia's 2019 economic growth forecast to 2.8%  ERR News

In its *fresh* Nordic Outlook, SEB has lowered its forecast for Estonia's economic growth in 2019 by 0.2% to 2.8%.

ERR News
Estonia is using alternative music to challenge Russian propaganda  The Independent

The conversion of factories into cultural venues rarely raises eyebrows these days, but the Kreenholm complex here is not just any relic of industry. Once the ...

The Independent
Population of Estonia increases by 4,690 in 2018 | News | ERR  ERR News

According to Statistics Estonia, the preliminary estimate of the population of Estonia as of 1 January 2019 was 1323820, which is 4690 more than at the same ...

ERR News
Brits living in Estonia have not expressed interest in Estonian citizenship  Baltic Times

TALLINN - Ahead of the withdrawal of the United Kingdom from the European Union, tens of thousands of British citizens have chosen the citizensh...

Baltic Times
Gallery | German defence minister visiting Estonia | News | ERR  ERR News

German Defence Minister Ursula von der Leyen met with her Estonian counterpart, Minister of Defence Jüri Luik (Pro Patria), as well as with German Air Force ...

ERR News
Opinion: A challenging year awaits Estonia and the EU  ERR News

The European Union (EU) faces a complicated year, writes Taavi Toom of Estonia 200, much harder than the previous year. In addition to the European ...

ERR News
EU anti-fraud group heads for Estonia, Denmark to learn Danske Bank lessons  Reuters

COPENHAGEN (Reuters) - In the wake of Danske Bank's money laundering scandal, an EU committee will visit Estonia and Denmark this week to meet ...

How Estonia blazed a trail in science  Nature.com

A small nation found strength in research after joining the European Union.

Estonia to host the Bocuse d'Or Europe culinary competition in 2020  Estonian World

Bocuse d´Or unveiled on 18 January that Estonia will serve as the host country for the 2020 European selection of the world's most prestigious culinary ...

Estonian World
RIL opens research centre in Estonia to study digital society  OrissaPOST

Mumbai: Reliance Industries has set up a research centre in Estonia to understand the digital society in the Baltic nation. The centre comes after Reliance ...

Estonia now 18th worldwide on Corruption Perception Index  ERR News

Transparency International on Tuesday published the results of its Corruption Perceptions Index (CPI) for 2018, according to which Estonia, at 73 points, comes ...

ERR News
Cannabis not-for-profit can be entered in companies register  ERR News

A not-for-profit group which promotes the legalisation of cannabis in Estonia has been green lighted by Tartu County Court for entry in the companies' register.

ERR News
Estonia 200 manifesto exclusive in Postimees raises ethics concerns  ERR News

Editor-in-chief of daily Postimees, Lauri Hussar, is leaving the paper and joining Estonia 200. This step has prompted questions as to Mr Hussar's ethics, seeing ...

ERR News
Estonia tops new innovation ranking  Emerging Europe

Three countries this year outperformed the United States in the Consumer Technology Association's (CTA) 2019's International Scorecard, with Estonia one of ...

Emerging Europe
Estonia 200 unveils its full election candidate list  ERR News

The newly-formed Estonia 200 party has announced its full candidate list for the March general election, which includes recently departed daily Postimees editor ...

ERR News
Tickets to Song and Dance Festival, major concerts going like hotcakes  ERR News

This summer will see a schedule jam packed with music in Estonia, with events ranging from the Estonian Song Festival to rock concerts by major international ...

ERR News
Finnish digital prescriptions valid in Estonia from Monday  ERR News

Starting on Monday, 21 January, Finnish digital prescriptions will be valid in Estonia, meaning holders can obtain their prescription drugs there as well as in ...

ERR News
Estonia smart border crossing payment system in jeopardy from EU  ERR News

Estonia is required to terminated its fee-based booking and waiting area system for vehicles at the country's eastern border with the Russian Federation, since ...

ERR News
Toomas Sildam: Are Estonian political parties criminal? No  ERR News

Should people who have previously been punished for minor criminal offences be barred from joining political parties in Estonia? Journalist Toomas Sildam ...

ERR News
Estonia allocates €88000 in Ukraine free press support  ERR News

The Estonian Centre of Eastern Partnership (ECEAP), part of the EU's Eastern Partnership (EaP) has allocated €88000, aimed at supporting independent media ...

ERR News
CORRECTED-INSIGHT-Dirty money risks encroach on Estonia's digital utopia  Reuters

Estonia's push to become a digital society has left it vulnerable to dirty money and sanction breaches, the country's top banking regulator has warned.

13000 electricity customers without power after overnight snowfall  ERR News

Heavy overnight snowfall in parts of Estonia have caused numerous power cuts within the Elekrtilevi network, with northern Estonia particularly affected. Around ...

ERR News
Kariņš makes first foreign trip to Estonia  Eng.Lsm.lv

Latvian Prime Minister Krišjānis Kariņš makes his first foreign trip February 8, a short hop north to visit his Estonian counterpart, Jüri Ratas in Tallinn.

Estonia outlines defence development objectives for 2020–23  IHS Jane's 360

The Estonian government has released a defence development plan for 2020–23, focused on improving the readiness of forces and increasing investment ...

IHS Jane's 360
Incap Corporation: Estonian President visited Incap's electronics factory in Kuressaare  GlobeNewswire

Incap Corporation Press release on 14 February 2019. Estonian President visited Incap's electronics factory in Kuressaare Estonian President Kersti Kaljulaid ...

Estonia extradites to US man suspected of heroin trafficking  Washington Post

Estonia has extradited to the United States a man suspected of trafficking hundreds of kilograms of heroin to the New York area and using the profits to fund the ...

Washington Post
Estonian language and cultural centre opens in Tallinn  ERR News

A new language and cultural centre, the Estonian Language House, opened in Tallinn on Wednesday. The aim of the centre, is to help non-native speakers of ...

ERR News
This zig-zag sauna cuts a sharp silhouette in Estonia  The Spaces

Estonian architects Peeter Pere and Eva Kedelauk have married an old and new sauna in Estonia's Varbola via an angular aluminium roof. Pere and Kedelauk ...

The Spaces
Govt Promotes Indonesian Tourism in Estonia  Tempo.co English

Tourism Ministry promoted Indonesian tourism in Tourest Travel Trade Fair 2019 that took place on Friday to Sunday, February 8-10 in Tallinn, Estonia.

Tempo.co English
Solar installations see an unprecedented boom in Estonia  pv magazine International

The Baltic nation installed 90 MW of PV last year, four times more than it had done since it began adopting solar. The growth was down to a new regulation ...

pv magazine International
Estonia opens honorary consulate in San Diego  ERR News

At a formal ceremony also attended by Estonian Ambassador to the US Jonatan Vseviov and Consul General Kairi Künka, Secretary General of the Estonian ...

ERR News
LIVE at 19.00 from Toronto | Pre-election town hall on diaspora issues  ERR News

Representatives of seven parties are meeting at the Estonian House in Toronto for a pre-election town hall. They will talk about how the Estonian government ...

ERR News
Estonian startups attract EUR 328 million in 2018  bnn-news.com

The Estonian startup sector has in 2018 attracted combined investments of 328 million euros with Taxify, Pipedirve and Monese being the top performers, ...

Gallery: Belgian contingent arrives in Estonia, joins NATO battle group  ERR News

A contingent of the Belgian Armed Forces joined the British-led NATO battle group in Tapa. The Belgians are replacing a Danish contingent and will remain in ...

ERR News
Gallery: Estonia's first Women's March held in Tallinn  ERR News

The first official Women's March to be held in Estonia took place in Tallinn on Saturday afternoon, in which hundreds of demonstrators marched through Tallinn's ...

ERR News
Estonia invites tourists to eat their way through the country | Travel News  Travel News | eTurboNews

To celebrate its booming foodie scene, Visit Estonia has launched a 'Gastronomy Trail' map to invite visitors to discover some of the best restaurants,

Travel News | eTurboNews
Riigikogu rushing amendment to allow mobile speed cameras on roads by March  ERR News

The Riigikogu on Wednesday passed on to its third and final reading a bill that would allow for the use of mobile speed cameras, indicating that such cameras ...

ERR News
Former head of communications, safety dept of Estonian Railways given conditional sentence  Baltic Times

TALLINN - The Harju County Court on Thursday handed a conditional sentence to Indrek Suld, former head of state-owned railway infrastructur...

Baltic Times
Opinion: Estonian language initiatives great, but will they work out?  ERR News

The recent opening of the very admirable and very well-meaning Estonian Language House in Tallinn is another step in the phasing in of a much more proactive ...

ERR News
Changes in Management Board of „Novatours“ OÜ, Estonia  GlobeNewswire

The CEO and Chairperson of the Board of AB „Novaturas“ Audronė Keinytė is appointed as member of „Novatours“ OÜ Management Board in Estonia starting ...

Estonian government does not take position re bill on lowering excise duty on alcohol  Baltic Times

TALLINN - The Estonian government did not take a position at a sitting on Thursday with regard to a bill initiated by the Pro Patria g...

Baltic Times
Holocaust Remembrance Day: the Nazis murdered, among others, a promising Estonian painter  Estonian World

Among the 7000 Estonians murdered by the Nazis was a promising Fauvist painter Karl Pärsimägi.

Estonian World
Defence forces member dies after fireams injury  ERR News

An active-*service* member of the Estonian Defense Forces (EDF) died after sustaining a firearms injury at the forces' central training ground on Wednesday, ...

ERR News
Estonian ministers comment on UK House of Commons Brexit vote  ERR News

The House of Commons on Tuesday evening rejected Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit deal, humiliating her government in the process. As the British ...

ERR News
ROUND 6: It's time to make your Eurovision Prediction for Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia and Romania!  ESCXTRA.com

Welcome to ROUND SIX of Eurovision Prediction 2019. This weekend, the national finals in Croatia, Estonia, Latvia, Slovenia and Romania will take place. Now ...

Nasdaq Welcomes Magnetic MRO to Baltic First North Market  GlobeNewswire

Nasdaq (NDAQ) announces that the bonds of Magnetic MRO, an aviation maintenance company headquartered in Estonia, were admitted to trading to the ...

CNBC Interview with the Prime Minister of Estonia, Jüri Ratas, from the World Economic Forum 2019  CNBC

Following are excerpts from a CNBC interview with Prime Minister of Estonia, Jüri Ratas and CNBC's Nancy Hungerford. NP: We'll have to leave it there for now, ...

SEB Estonian branch reports €63.7 million profit for 2018  ERR News

The Estonian business unit of Swedish financial services group SEB report a profit of €63.7 million euros for 2018, down from €85.3 million the year before.

ERR News
Arms manufacturer MBDA turns to Estonian parlt committee over antitank weapons procurement  Baltic Times

TALLINN - The German-British-French-Italian defense industry group MBDA has turned to the Riigikogu national defense committee in connection with the ...

Baltic Times
Estonian soil is surprisingly rich in species – study  Estonian World

A study that analyses the biodiversity of myriapoda and their habitat preferences in Estonia, has found some species in the country for the first time.

Estonian World
Start of construction of Paldiski mnt 21 residential building (Tallinn, Estonia)  GlobeNewswire

AS Merko Ehitus Eesti, part of AS Merko Ehitus group, has started the construction of an apartment building located at Paldiski st. 21, Tallinn. The five-storey ...

Number of refugees in Estonian centres shrinks to 47  ERR News

At the beginning of February, 47 refugees were still staying in Estonia's reception centres in Vao and Vägeva, two villages in the Estonian countryside, down ...

ERR News
Number of residents of Latvia's Valka after Estonian child allowances subsidies  Baltic Times

TALLINN - Many people living in the Latvian border town Valka have registered as residents of the neighboring Estonian town of Valga despite nev...

Baltic Times
From the nation that 'sung its way out of the Soviet Union', Estonia's award-winning choir tours Australia  SBS News

How did a country with a population of only 1.3 million people become a fierce force in the classical music landscape?

SBS News
Nine Alaskan junior skiers to represent US in Finland and Estonia  KTUU.com

Recently the United States Ski team named three teams to represent the country in international junior competitions. Nine juniors with Alaska ties will represent ...

NATO fighter jets to conduct training flights in Estonian airspace  UNIAN

The German Air Force's Eurofighter jets will perform low-altitude training flights in Estonian airspace next week. Since late August of 2018, German fighter jets ...

What's it like to teach in Estonia?  TES News

The culture of life-long learning in Estonia means that many of this design teacher's student return to school throughout their lives.

TES News
KAOS architects clads the pilgrims house with weathered steel in estonia  Designboom

KAOS architects has completed the pilgrims' house in south-eastern estonia, within the ruins of a 14th-century castle. the site in vastseliina, which used to be a ...

Estonia Should Acquire Missiles Capable of Striking St. Petersburg – Journo  Sputnik International

Estonian officials, military leaders and journalists have shown a special vigour for making belligerent comments about their eastern neighbour. Last year, the ...

Sputnik International
PM in Davos: Estonia's e-state experience has much to offer  Baltic Times

Estonian Prime Minister Juri Ratas spoke about Estonia's e-state and increasing cooperation at a meeting with state leaders and representati...

Baltic Times

Estonia Videos

What Is Life Really Like In Estonia?
What Is Life Really Like In Estonia?
Welcome to e-Estonia, the world's first digital nation!
Welcome to e-Estonia, the world's first digital nation!
Geography Now! Estonia
Geography Now! Estonia
10+ Amazing Facts About Estonia
10+ Amazing Facts About Estonia
Madrileños por el mundo: Estonia
Madrileños por el mundo: Estonia
10 Facts About Estonia That Put It Ahead of Other Countries
10 Facts About Estonia That Put It Ahead of Other Countries
The Estonian Government's Failed Video Game
The Estonian Government's Failed Video Game
How Expensive is TALLINN? Exploring the Capital of Estonia
How Expensive is TALLINN? Exploring the Capital of Estonia

Estonia Images

Kiviõli - Wikipedia
Kiviõli - Wikipedia
Kuressaare Castle - Wikipedia
Kuressaare Castle - Wikipedia
Estonia - some facts from the disaster (Including Animations)
Estonia - some facts from the disaster (Including Animations)
Russia, Uzbekistan, Estonia
Russia, Uzbekistan, Estonia
Tallinn Estonia photo image
Tallinn Estonia photo image
Actuarial Review - August 2009 - Estonian Actuarial ...
Actuarial Review - August 2009 - Estonian Actuarial ...
Renewable Energy Resources - Library - Index - Global ...
Renewable Energy Resources - Library - Index - Global ...
Tanja Mihhailova-Saar - Wikipedia
Tanja Mihhailova-Saar - Wikipedia
Smithsonian Freer Gallery of Art - HawkeBackpacking.com
Smithsonian Freer Gallery of Art - HawkeBackpacking.com
Smithsonian Arthur M. Sackler Gallery - HawkeBackpacking.com
Smithsonian Arthur M. Sackler Gallery - HawkeBackpacking.com

Estonia WebSites

Estonia (Estonian: Eesti ()), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in Northern Europe.It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km).
Subscribe to the Visit Estonia newsletter: Please check your email. Confirm that you are not a robot! In order to subscribe to the newsletter you shall agree with EAS’s (Enterprise Estonia) Principles of Data Processing
Estonia, country in northeastern Europe, the northernmost of the three Baltic states.Estonia’s area includes some 1,500 islands and islets; the two largest of these islands, Saaremaa and Hiiumaa, are off mainland Estonia’s west coast.
Estonia doesn’t have to struggle to find a point of difference: it’s completely unique. It shares a similar geography and history with Latvia and Lithuania, but culturally it’s distinct.
Estonia Tourism: TripAdvisor has 287,159 reviews of Estonia Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Estonia resource.
Estonia is a Baltic gem offering visitors the chance to see a tiny dynamic land on the shores of the Baltic Sea. Glorious beaches pepper the extensive coastline, although the swimming season is short.
Estonia is a party to the Schengen Agreement.Visit the Embassy of Estonia website for the most current visa information.. Passports should be valid for at least six months beyond your stay.
Political system. Estonia is a parliamentary republic. Its head of government - the prime minister - is nominated by the president and approved by parliament.
Estonia is a place for independent minds. This website uses cookies. By continuing to browse this webpage or closing this notice, you consent to the use of cookies.
Estonia / [invalid input: 'ɨ'] s ˈ t oʊ n i ə / (Estonian: Eesti), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik) is a small country in the Baltic Region of Northern Europe.

Estonia Wiki

Estonia (Estonian: Eesti [ˈeːsʲti] (listen)), officially the Republic of Estonia (Estonian: Eesti Vabariik), is a country in Northern Europe. It is bordered to the north by the Gulf of Finland with Finland on the other side, to the west by the Baltic Sea with Sweden on the other side, to the south by Latvia (343 km), and to the east by Lake Peipus and Russia (338.6 km). The territory of Estonia consists of a mainland and 2,222 islands in the Baltic Sea, covering a total area of 45,227 km2 (17,462 sq mi), water 2,839 km2 (1,096 sq mi), land area 42,388 km2 (16,366 sq mi), and is influenced by a humid continental climate. The official language of the country, Estonian, is the second most spoken Finnic language.The territory of Estonia has been inhabited since at least 9,000 B.C. Ancient Estonians were some of the last European pagans to be Christianized, following the Livonian Crusade in the 13th century. After centuries of successive rule by Germans, Danes, Swedes, Poles and Russians, a distinct Estonian national identity began to emerge in the 19th and early 20th centuries. This culminated in independence from Russia in 1920 after a brief War of Independence at the end of World War I. Initially democratic, after the Great Depression Estonia was governed by authoritarian rule since 1934 during the Era of Silence. During World War II (1939–1945), Estonia was repeatedly contested and occupied by the Soviet Union and Germany, ultimately being incorporated into the former as the Estonian Soviet Socialist Republic. After the loss of its de facto independence, Estonia's de jure state continuity was preserved by diplomatic representatives and the government-in-exile. In 1987 the peaceful Singing Revolution began against Soviet rule, resulting in the restoration of de facto independence on 20 August 1991.The sovereign state of Estonia is a democratic unitary parliamentary republic divided into fifteen counties. Its capital and largest city is Tallinn. With a population of 1.3 million, it is one of the least-populous member states of the European Union since joining in 2004, the economic monetary Eurozone, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development, Schengen Area, and of the Western military alliance of the North Atlantic Treaty Organization (NATO). It is a developed country with an advanced, high-income economy that has been among the fastest-growing in the EU. Estonia ranks very high in the Human Development Index, and performs favourably in measurements of economic freedom, civil liberties, education, and press freedom (third in the world in 2012 and 2007). Estonian citizens are provided with universal health care, free education, and the longest-paid maternity leave in the OECD. One of the world's most digitally advanced societies, in 2005 Estonia became the first state to hold elections over the Internet, and in 2014 the first state to provide e-residency.