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Egypt NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 04:23:13 GMTGoogle News
Egypt anticipates pre-Arab Spring visitor numbers  Hotel Management

According to a recent report from Capital Economics, Egypt's tourism sector is on track to reach levels not seen since 2010, the year before the Arab Spring ...

Hotel Management
Egypt thwarts bomb attack on Cairo security forces - ministry  The Jerusalem Post

Security forces have been waging a campaign against Islamist militants over the past year which is focused on Egypt's Sinai peninsula.

The Jerusalem Post
Western Leaders Are Promoting Dictatorship, Not Democracy, in Egypt  Foreign Policy

The severity of the Egyptian authorities' crackdown on dissidents in recent years has left many activists unwilling to defy the regime of President Abdel Fattah ...

Foreign Policy
Egypt: End the cruel denial of family visits to detainees  Amnesty International

Egyptian authorities are flagrantly violating international law by denying family visits to scores of detainees, Amnesty International said today. The organization ...

Amnesty International
Visit Cairo, Egypt for culture and food — not just Pyramids of Giza  INSIDER

As a city of more than 20 million people, Cairo is the most populous city in the Middle East. It has a reputation as a busy, crowded, and polluted city with few ...

INSIDER
Egypt to throw out term limits in move to keep Sissi in power at least 12 more years  The Washington Post

CAIRO — Egypt's parliament could vote as early as Thursday to ensure that President Abdel Fatah al-Sissi remains in office long past a constitutional term limit ...

The Washington Post
Sharjah, Egypt officials meet to develop bilateral relations  Khaleej Times

The Sharjah Chamber of Commerce and Industry held discussions with a government delegation from Egypt on the prospects of developing the bilateral ...

Khaleej Times
Meet the geek behind Egypt's hit online science show  BBC News

How Ahmed El Ghandour's love of science led to an online show watched by millions of Egyptians.

BBC News
‘Rate Cut on the Horizon’ Sparks Investor Rush for Egypt’s Pound  Bloomberg

Investors are bidding up Egypt's currency even with the wait for the central bank to resume interest-rate cuts unlikely to end for months.

Bloomberg
Egypt police systematically blackmail Palestinians at Cairo airport, report finds  Middle East Monitor

Palestinian passengers travelling through Egypt's Cairo airport are being blackmailed by corrupt Egyptian officials, the Khaleej Online has found. The Arab ...

Middle East Monitor
Egypt to become an energy hub for MENA: UK amb.  Egypttoday

CAIRO – 15 February 2019: British Ambassador to Egypt Sir Geoffrey Adams said on Thursday that Egypt is on its way to becoming an energy hub for the region.

Egypttoday
Egypt cuts benchmark rate for first time in nearly a year  gulfnews.com

Cairo: Egypt's central bank unexpectedly cut the benchmark deposit rate by 100 basis points Thursday, its first such move in almost a year, as inflationary ...

gulfnews.com
Egypt: The life of a 17-year-old in Luxor  BBC News

We spend a day with Tayeb as he shows us what it's like being 17 in Luxor.

BBC News
Egypt intelligence reaps huge profits from 'media development'  Middle East Monitor

Egypt's General Intelligence *Service* has earned around five billion Egyptian pounds (about $2.9 billion) from a recent consulting deal signed between the ...

Middle East Monitor
Egypt Should Stop Dragging Its Feet On Renewable Energy  Worldcrunch

OpEd- CAIRO — High prices of renewable energy are consistently used to justify Egypt's modest renewable energy ambitions, despite the country's natural ...

Worldcrunch
Egypt, Ethiopia, Sudan resume talks on GERD early March: official  Egypttoday

CAIRO – 15 February 2019: After it was announced that the tripartite meeting between Egypt, Sudan and Ethiopia on the controversial Grand Ethiopian ...

Egypttoday
Egypt’s parliament votes to allow Sisi rule until 2034  The Irish Times

Approval of sweeping measures tees up referendum to entrench authoritarian regime.

The Irish Times
Egyptian Textile Museum celebrated its 9th anniversary  Egypttoday

CAIRO – 15 February 2019: Egyptian Textile Museum celebrated its 9th anniversary on Wednesday, February 13. This museum is the only textile museum in the ...

Egypttoday
Egypt's Sisi set to dramatically extend presidency, despite previously pledging no changes to constitution  CNBC

Egypt's President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi is likely to win constitutional changes allowing him to dramatically extend his tenure in power — just over a year after ...

CNBC
Egypt steps up executions as six people put to death within two weeks  Amnesty International

Egyptian authorities today hanged three prisoners convicted of killing a police officer during clashes that erupted in the weeks following the deadly Rabaa ...

Amnesty International
Inside Egypt: The Time of Pharaohs' Incredible US Debut at Cincinnati Museum  Cincinnati CityBeat

Step nearly 5,000 years back in time and travel to the banks of the Nile River at the Cincinnati Museum Center's Egypt: The Time of Pharaohs exhibit. Making its ...

Cincinnati CityBeat
Students from Egypt, China are studying Charleston's flooding problem and sea level rise  Charleston Post Courier

Now students from other parts of the globe are studying Charleston's sea rise issues.

Charleston Post Courier
Egypt to host African Space Agency  Quartz

After decades of playing catch-up, the African Union (AU) is doubling down on plans to join the global space race. The AU passed legislation to establish the ...

Quartz
High points and low points: A history of Iran-Egypt relations  The New Arab

Egypt and Iran had a lot in common, but seismic geopolitical events have made sure to keep them apart for much of the 20th century and the past 20 years.

The New Arab
Egypt CURSE: How 22 archaeologists mysteriously DIED after opening Tutankhamun's tomb  Express.co.uk

TUTANKHAMUN's tomb is said to hold a curse that was broken by archaeologists when they entered to search its contents and affected more than 20 of them in ...

Express.co.uk
IMF official hails Egypt's economic reform measures  IOL

CAIRO – A senior official from the International Monetary Fund (IMF) hailed on Wednesday Egypt's economic reform program, describing the country as one of ...

IOL
Organ trafficking in Egypt: ‘They locked me in and took my kidney’  The Guardian

Desperate to reach Europe, migrants from Africa are travelling to Egypt and selling body parts to pay for their passage.

The Guardian
Egypt: A Move to Enhance Authoritarian Rule  Human Rights Watch

Proposed amendments to Egypt's constitution, including granting the armed forces authority to intervene in government, would undermine judicial independence ...

Human Rights Watch
Aton Resources Inc.  Proactive Investors USA & Canada

Aton Resources (CVE:AAN) President and CEO Mark Campbell joined Steve Darling from Proactive Investors Vancouver on Skype from Cairo, Egypt with news ...

Proactive Investors USA & Canada
American Dream from Egypt found in a West Long Branch pizzeria  Asbury Park Press

WEST LONG BRANCH - Although Tim Eldebeisi today is the proud owner of Cafe Villa in West Long Branch, he started out as a dishwasher in 1998, after ...

Asbury Park Press
If Sisi’s brutality in Egypt continues, the results could be dire for Europe  The Guardian

Egypt's autocratic government must be dealt with before the country explodes into violence, says former cabinet minister Amr Darrag.

The Guardian
Egypt mystery SOLVED: How Archaeologists uncovered hidden secret in Tutankhamun's tomb  Express.co.uk

TUTANKHAMUN's tomb has been of great interest since it was first discovered 95 years ago but, even to this day, archaeologists are still discovering secret ...

Express.co.uk
Australian man who went to Egypt on holiday jailed without charge for over a year  The Guardian

When Brisbane man Hazem Hamouda landed in Egypt for a dream holiday with his Australian-born family, he never imagined it would land him in prison.

The Guardian
Egypt's Eternal City  Archaeology

Once the most sacred site on the Nile, Heliopolis was all but forgotten until archaeologists returned to save it from disappearing forever.

Archaeology
Shell, Eni, ExxonMobil win concessions in Egypt oil, gas exploration tender  UPI News

Shell won most of the concessions in an oil and gas exploration organized by the Egyptian natural gas holding company and the country's General Petroleum ...

UPI News
Mohamed Elelfat | Egypt | Men's Up to 80kg | 2019 WPPO World Cup | Fazza, Dubai  International Paralympic Committee

Mohamed Elelfat wins the up to 80kg category with a fine lift of 225kg in Fazza. Live action of the men's up to 80kg and 69kg at the 2019 World Para Powerlifting ...

International Paralympic Committee
Tourism Ministry mulls boosting cooperation with China's Sichuan  Egypttoday

CAIRO - 15 February 2019: Tourism Minister Adviser for Training Soha Baghat discussed on Friday with Vice Secretary of Sichuan Provincial Committee of the ...

Egypttoday
Dinner with the enemy: How Egyptian drama El-Daif sparked a row over Islam and the hijab  Middle East Eye

In a highly polarised society, what happens when a member of the family invites someone from the other side of the social divide for dinner? That is the subject ...

Middle East Eye
Paul McCartney to release 'traveller's edition' of 'Egypt Station'  DIY Magazine

The album was originally released in September last year.

DIY Magazine
Discovery Sets ‘Expedition Unknown: Egypt Live’ With Historic Access To Excavation Site  Deadline

Discovery has set 'Expedition Unknown: Egypt Live,' a two-hour multiplatform special hosted by adventurer-explorer Josh Gates that premieres April 7.

Deadline
Egypt govt website adopts African languages: Swahili, Hausa, Amharic  africanews.com

The measure came at a time when the Egyptian president Abdul Fatteh Al-Sisi was taking over as President of the African Union, the first North African leader in ...

africanews.com
KSA key to regional stability: Pakistani FM  Egypttoday

CAIRO - 15 February 2019: Pakistani Foreign Minister Shah Mehmood Qureshi said Friday that Saudi Arabia is playing a significant role in preserving peace ...

Egypttoday
Maze of Tombs in Egypt Holds Many Mummies Dating Back 2,300 Years  Live Science

Archaeologists have discovered a maze of tombs in Egypt holding tens of mummies, of all ages, possibly dating back to the Ptolemaic dynasty, which lasted from ...

Live Science
Egypt TV host Mohamed al-Ghiety jailed for interviewing gay man  BBC News

An Egyptian TV presenter has been sentenced to one year of hard labour for interviewing a gay man last year. A court in Giza also fined Mohamed al-Ghiety ...

BBC News
Egypt is having a baby boom — and wants to stop it  Saudi Gazette

A child is born every 15 seconds and we add 2.5 million babies every year,” says Amr Othman, assistant minister of Social Solidarity. “Think of what this means ...

Saudi Gazette
2,000-Year-Old Winery Discovered in Egypt's Nile Delta  Live Science

Archaeologists recently uncovered ancient storage rooms in a 2,000-year-old winery, at a site in Egypt's Nile Delta to the north of Cairo. Inside these rooms ...

Live Science
Egyptian president calls for unified colour scheme for buildings  The Guardian

Decree states Cairo structures require 'dusty colours' while blue is to be used on the coast.

The Guardian
Egypt's Muslim Brotherhood calls for a unified opposition  Al Jazeera English

Banned group urges opponents of President Sisi to free Egypt from military control and release political prisoners.

Al Jazeera English
British woman jailed over painkillers is freed from Egyptian prison  The Guardian

Laura Plummer, from Hull, served 13 months of three-year sentence for drug possession.

The Guardian
Gift Cards and Incentive Cards in Egypt, 2019: Market Size and Forecast (2014-2023) - ResearchAndMarkets.com  Business Wire

DUBLIN--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The "Egypt Gift Cards and Incentive Cards Market Intelligence and Future Growth Dynamics - Market Size and Forecast ...

Business Wire
More than 40 mummies discovered in Egypt  CNN

Dozens of newly discovered mummies have been found at a burial site in Egypt. The finds date from the Ptolemaic era, which lasted from 323 BC to 30 BC.

CNN
Petty squabbles throw Egyptian football into disarray  The National

Egypt's football federation is under fire as the country prepares to host the Africa Cup of Nations.

The National
Human Remains Discovered Near Egypt's Meidum Pyramid  Archaeology

CAIRO, EGYPT—According to a Live Science report, human remains have been uncovered in a cemetery near the 4,600-year-old Meidum pyramid by a team of ...

Archaeology
Paul McCartney Sets Special 'Egypt Station' Box Set  Best Classic Bands

Paul McCartney has confirmed the release of a Egypt Station Traveller's Edition, coming May 10 via Capitol Records. The limited box set will include exclusive, ...

Best Classic Bands
Eight years after Egypt’s revolution, here’s what we’ve learned about social media and protest  The Washington Post

Eight years ago on this day, Jan. 25, the world watched transfixed as protesters in Egypt poured into the streets and squares demanding change from the corrupt ...

The Washington Post
The Arab country turning to 'female Viagra'  BBC News

Egypt is the first Arab country to authorise the sale of flibanserin - but how well is it going down?

BBC News
Satisfying the IMF Won’t Solve Egypt’s Problems  Bloomberg

A $12 billion loan has helped the country recover from its financial crisis, but hasn't fixed its fundamental economic flaws.

Bloomberg
Dozens of armed fighters killed in Egypt's Northern Sinai  Al Jazeera English

Egypt said at least seven troops, including an officer, were killed in clashes with armed fighters in recent operations in the restive northern Sinai Peninsula.

Al Jazeera English
Ancient wine cellars discovered in Egypt’s Nile Delta  The Seattle Times

CAIRO (AP) — Archaeologists have found wine cellars dating back to the Greco-Roman period in Egypt's Nile Delta. The Antiquities Ministry says Monday that ...

The Seattle Times
Egypt EXPOSED: Secret KGB files ‘PROVE ancient pyramids built by ALIENS' – shock claim  Express.co.uk

EGYPTIAN pyramids were built by aliens, according to outrageous claims made during a bombshell documentary on secret KGB files.

Express.co.uk
Egypt's Plastic Currency  Egypttoday

CAIRO - 7 February 2019: The Central Bank of Egypt (CBE) will start producing some categories of the Egyptian currency in the form of plastic form by 2020 from ...

Egypttoday
A photo I took on the Nile River shows exactly how much Egypt's struggling economy is affecting everyday people  INSIDER

Egypt's dire economy has forced entrepreneurial Egyptians to get creative, a phenomenon I witnessed first-hand when visiting the country last month.

INSIDER
Africa Cup of Nations: Egypt's largest stadium a 'spare'  BBC Sport

The Egypt Football Association announces that the country's biggest venue the Borg Al Arab will only be a 'spare' stadium for the Africa Cup of Nations.

BBC Sport
Rights group says Egypt 'more dangerous than ever' for critics  Aljazeera.com

At least 113 Egyptians were detained in 2018 for peacefully criticising the government, says Amnesty International.

Aljazeera.com
Egypt pyramid REVELATION: Shock claim 'key information is being kept SECRET'  Express.co.uk

WORLD governments are “keeping the Orion constellation theory a secret” because it “points to where aliens come from”, a bizarre documentary has claimed.

Express.co.uk
Deadly winter storm hits from Turkey to Egypt  Aljazeera.com

At least two people have been killed as a severe winter storm slams the Levant region from Turkey to Egypt. Strong winds and heavy rain pounded the region as ...

Aljazeera.com
Egypt Sisi plans urban facelift for Egypt's cities  Al-Monitor

CAIRO — The Egyptian governorates, headed by Cairo governorate, started Jan. 19 implementing the government's decision to paint building facades in a ...

Al-Monitor
Egypt Middle class, entrepreneurs key to Egypt's economic recovery  Al-Monitor

The Egyptian government is implementing programs to help curb poverty and meet the needs of low- and middle-income citizens, but analysts believe more ...

Al-Monitor
Who controls Egypt's sports scene?  Al-Monitor

The rising monopoly of the Egyptian state-owned advertising and sports marketing agency Presentation Sports over soccer broadcasting rights is raising ...

Al-Monitor
CBS News correspondent Scott Pelley deletes social media posts that Egypt wants to arrest him  NBCNews.com

Scott Pelley, veteran correspondent for “60 Minutes," has retracted social media postings that said Egypt had issued a warrant for his arrest as a result of his ...

NBCNews.com
What Does the New US Congress Mean for Egypt?  Egyptian Streets

Source: Win McNamee/Getty Images In the seventh part in an Egyptian Streets article series under the name of East-West Chitchat that aims to spark increased.

Egyptian Streets
Egypt's Cabinet approves bill executing narcotics smugglers  Egypttoday

CAIRO - 30 January 2019: The Egyptian government approved on Wednesday a bill that stipulates sentencing to death those who"import or export synthetic ...

Egypttoday
Red Hot Chili Peppers to play in front of Egyptian pyramids  Global News

Funk/alt. rock legends Red Hot Chili Peppers (or RHCP), have just announced that they'll be playing a show at the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt on March 15.

Global News
Dassault Aviation Refuses to Comment on Rafale Jet Crash Reports in Egypt  Sputnik International

PARIS (Sputnik) - French aircraft manufacturer Dassault Aviation's representatives refused to provide RIA with a comment on media reports about an alleged ...

Sputnik International
How to Solve Cairo's Massive Waste Problem  Egyptian Streets

Poverty in Egypt continues to be on the rise with 27 percent of the population living under the poverty line. Photo: AFP File Photo Cairo has a waste problem.

Egyptian Streets
Eight Years After Egypt’s Uprising, a New Autocrat Is Determined Not to Permit a Sequel  The Wall Street Journal

Eight years ago this week, protests erupted in Cairo's Tahrir Square, with throngs of Egyptians demanding an end to autocratic rule and chanting the slogan, ...

The Wall Street Journal
Egypt REVELATION: How Great Pyramid has the 'most AMAZING characteristic' for THIS reason  Express.co.uk

THE Great Pyramid of Giza has the “most amazing characteristic” because it is “perfectly oriented on Earth's True North”, a tell-all documentary reveals.

Express.co.uk
Egypt's President Hosts Sudan's Embattled Leader  VOA News

Egypt hosted embattled Sudanese President Omar al-Bashir on Sunday, saying it supports stability in the country undergoing popular demonstrations against ...

VOA News
Downside to visiting the Pyramids of Giza in Egypt  Business Insider

The Great Pyramid of Giza in Egypt is the only one of the Seven Wonders of the World still standing, which was acknowledged when the New Seven Wonders of ...

Business Insider
Egypt says archeologists find ancient tombs in Nile Delta  CTV News

Egypt says archeologists have uncovered ancient tombs dating back to the Second Intermediate Period, 1782-1570 B.C., in the Nile Delta.

CTV News
Inside El3osba, Egypt's growing superhero comics universe  SYFY WIRE

His cape billowing behind him, a cowled crimefighter flees from police by leaping and bounding over cars in a crowded metropolis rife with corruption an ...

SYFY WIRE
Four-day sand storm expected in Egypt starting Wednesday - Politics - Egypt  Ahram Online

Egypt's Meteorological Authority (EMA) warned on Monday of a sand storm that is expected to hit the country from Wednesday till Saturday. The storm will reach ...

Ahram Online
Egypt Egypt's stock exchange starts off 2019 on wrong foot  Al-Monitor

After a punishing 2018, Egypt's stock exchange started 2019 on a downward path amid fears of repercussions from the US-China trade war and the emerging ...

Al-Monitor
Four Egyptian Students Mocking Christian Religious Rituals Arrested  Egyptian Streets

Source: AFP Egyptian police arrested four students on Saturday for investigations after the release of a Youtube video that included mockery of Christian hymns.

Egyptian Streets
Egyptian artifacts uncrated at Cincinnati Museum Center  WLWT Cincinnati

"Egypt: The Time of the Pharaohs" is the newest exhibit coming to the Cincinnati Museum Center.

WLWT Cincinnati
We’ve seen the west’s approach to Venezuela before – in Syria, Egypt, Afghanistan, need I go on?  The Independent

The closest I ever came to Venezuela, many years ago, was a transit connection at Caracas airport. I noticed a lot of soldiers in red berets and a clutch of goons, ...

The Independent
Egypt's Pyramids sign Peru international Cristian Benavente  BBC Sport

Egyptian club Pyramids sign Peru international midfielder Cristian Benavente from Belgium side Charleroi.

BBC Sport
 

Egypt Videos

Ancient Egypt Documentary - Complete History - 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1
07:00:34
Ancient Egypt Documentary - Complete History - 8000 B.C. to 30 B.C. Part 1
Geoeconomics of Egypt's new capital
05:09:48
Geoeconomics of Egypt's new capital
EGYPT'S AMAZING PARKOUR COMMUNITY
14:00:10
EGYPT'S AMAZING PARKOUR COMMUNITY
Egypt's Ten Greatest Discoveries [Full Documentary]
01:46:12
Egypt's Ten Greatest Discoveries [Full Documentary]
Something Is Happening In Egypt.. Are THEY Hiding It? (2019-2020)
19:45:15
Something Is Happening In Egypt.. Are THEY Hiding It? (2019-2020)
Ancient Egypt 101 | National Geographic
18:00:03
Ancient Egypt 101 | National Geographic
The Mystery of Bent Pyramid of Egypt - Part 1 | Ancient Architects
18:58:11
The Mystery of Bent Pyramid of Egypt - Part 1 | Ancient Architects
Most MYSTERIOUS Discoveries Made In Egypt!
13:00:21
Most MYSTERIOUS Discoveries Made In Egypt!
I Can't Believe This is Egypt!
15:15:17
I Can't Believe This is Egypt!
We Tried Egypt Street Food | Must Eat Local Dishes in Cairo
04:46:25
We Tried Egypt Street Food | Must Eat Local Dishes in Cairo
 

Egypt Images

Luxor, Egypt
Luxor, Egypt
Egypt's Order of Virtues | The Order of Virtue "Nishan El ...
Egypt's Order of Virtues | The Order of Virtue "Nishan El ...
hieroglyfi
hieroglyfi
Ahmed Fouad II, Egypt's Lonely King Without a Throne - WSJ
Ahmed Fouad II, Egypt's Lonely King Without a Throne - WSJ
The Min temple, Koptos (alternative)
The Min temple, Koptos (alternative)
Bahrain - faltlhauser.info
Bahrain - faltlhauser.info
Suezkanalen – Wikipedia
Suezkanalen – Wikipedia
Ägyptische Mumien im Landesmuseum Württemberg
Ägyptische Mumien im Landesmuseum Württemberg
Kunst & Cultuur: kinder kleurplaten Egypte
Kunst & Cultuur: kinder kleurplaten Egypte
Ägypten Rundreise mit Norbert Lüchinger Frühjahr 2013
Ägypten Rundreise mit Norbert Lüchinger Frühjahr 2013
 

Egypt WebSites

 

Egypt Wiki

Egypt ( (listen) EE-jipt; Arabic: مِصر‎ Miṣr, Egyptian Arabic: مَصر‎ Maṣr, Coptic: Ⲭⲏⲙⲓ Khēmi), officially the Arab Republic of Egypt, is a country spanning the northeast corner of Africa and southwest corner of Asia by a land bridge formed by the Sinai Peninsula. Egypt is a Mediterranean country bordered by the Gaza Strip and Israel to the northeast, the Gulf of Aqaba and the Red Sea to the east, Sudan to the south, and Libya to the west. Across the Gulf of Aqaba lies Jordan, across the Red Sea lies Saudi Arabia, and across the Mediterranean lie Greece, Turkey and Cyprus, although none share a land border with Egypt.Egypt has one of the longest histories of any country, tracing its heritage back to the 6th–4th millennia BCE. Considered a cradle of civilisation, Ancient Egypt saw some of the earliest developments of writing, agriculture, urbanisation, organised religion and central government. Iconic monuments such as the Giza Necropolis and its Great Sphinx, as well the ruins of Memphis, Thebes, Karnak, and the Valley of the Kings, reflect this legacy and remain a significant focus of scientific and popular interest. Egypt's long and rich cultural heritage is an integral part of its national identity, which has endured, and often assimilated, various foreign influences, including Greek, Persian, Roman, Arab, Ottoman Turkish, and Nubian. Egypt was an early and important centre of Christianity, but was largely Islamised in the seventh century and remains a predominantly Muslim country, albeit with a significant Christian minority.From the 16th to the beginning of the 20th century, Egypt was ruled by foreign imperial powers: The Ottoman Empire and the British Empire. Modern Egypt dates back to 1922, when it gained nominal independence from the British Empire as a monarchy. However, British military occupation of Egypt continued, and many Egyptians believed that the monarchy was an instrument of British colonialism. Following the 1952 revolution, Egypt expelled British soldiers and bureaucrats and ended British occupation, nationalized the British-held Suez Canal, exiled King Farouk and his family, and declared itself a republic. In 1958 it merged with Syria to form the United Arab Republic, which dissolved in 1961. Throughout the second half of the 20th century, Egypt endured social and religious strife and political instability, fighting several armed conflicts with Israel in 1948, 1956, 1967 and 1973, and occupying the Gaza Strip intermittently until 1967. In 1978, Egypt signed the Camp David Accords, officially withdrawing from the Gaza Strip and recognising Israel. The country continues to face challenges, from political unrest, including the recent 2011 revolution and its aftermath, to terrorism and economic underdevelopment. Egypt's current government is a presidential republic headed by President Abdel Fattah el-Sisi, which has been described by a number of watchdogs as authoritarian.Islam is the official religion of Egypt and Arabic is its official language. With over 95 million inhabitants, Egypt is the most populous country in North Africa, the Middle East, and the Arab world, the third-most populous in Africa (after Nigeria and Ethiopia), and the fifteenth-most populous in the world. The great majority of its people live near the banks of the Nile River, an area of about 40,000 square kilometres (15,000 sq mi), where the only arable land is found. The large regions of the Sahara desert, which constitute most of Egypt's territory, are sparsely inhabited. About half of Egypt's residents live in urban areas, with most spread across the densely populated centres of greater Cairo, Alexandria and other major cities in the Nile Delta.The sovereign state of Egypt is a transcontinental country considered to be a regional power in North Africa, the Middle East and the Muslim world, and a middle power worldwide. Egypt's economy is one of the largest and most diversified in the Middle East, and is projected to become one of the largest in the world in the 21st century. In 2016, Egypt overtook South Africa and became Africa's second largest economy (after Nigeria). Egypt is a founding member of the United Nations, Non-Aligned Movement, Arab League, African Union, and Organisation of Islamic Cooperation.