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Ecuador NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 08:47:15 GMTGoogle News
Ecuador denies Assange's embassy conditions deteriorated  SBS News

Ecuador has rejected claims that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange had been made to sleep on the floor.

SBS News
Ecuador: Agrocalidad certifies first shipment of tomatoes to the US  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Prof's new book discusses impact of North American retirees living in Ecuador  The Aquinian

Gringolandia explores how the 2008 financial crisis impacted North American retirees. (Diana Chávez/AQ). Matthew Hayes, a St. Thomas University sociology ...

The Aquinian
Ecuador: Banana producers disagree with law proposal  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Ecuador starts exporting bananas to Slovenia  FreshPlaza.com

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Flores appointed head of Ecuador regulator Arcotel  Telecompaper

Ecuador's Agency for Regulation and Control of Telecommunications (Arcotel) has announced the appointment of Edgar Flores as its new executive director, ...

Ecuador finds a welcoming Chinese market as exports surge to record  Undercurrent News

Ecuador shrimp farmers are selling record volumes to China, and prices are going up. For the country's top producers, China is the gift that keeps on giving.

Undercurrent News
Look at This Adorable And Extraordinarily Strange Treefrog Just Discovered in Ecuador  ScienceAlert

The Cordillera del Cóndor between Ecuador and Peru is positively lush with life, but due to the mountain range's inaccessibility and decades of border disputes, ...

Report: USMNT to face Ecuador, Chile in March friendlies  Yahoo Sports

Gregg Berhalter's first full strength U.S. Men's National Team side is setting up friendly matches against a pair of solid South American sides.

Yahoo Sports
Attacks on the press in Ecuador decreased by 52% during 2018, according to annual report from Fundamedios  Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas

Attacks on freedom of expression in Ecuador decreased by 52 percent in 2018 compared to the previous year, according to the annual report from Fundamedios ...

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas
Debate begins on decriminalizing abortion in Ecuador  Catholic News Agency

The Ecuadorian legislature began debate on decriminalizing abortion last week, amid opposition from the Church and various civil organizations.

Catholic News Agency
Report: USMNT to face Chile and Ecuador in March  Stars and Stripes FC

With January Camp underway, Doug McIntyre of Yahoo! Sports is reporting that the United States Men's National Team have scheduled friendlies with two South ...

Stars and Stripes FC
Ecuador's rising opposition to mining may thwart exploration boom  MINING.com

As mining projects face headwinds from rising tensions, investors' courage will be tested, says Fitch Solutions Macro Research, which could hinder Ecuador's ...

South America bloc's woes leave Ecuador architectural gem forlorn  Chronicle Telegram

SAN ANTONIO DE PICHINCHA, Ecuador — It's a gravity-defying edifice that befits the lofty ambitions of what was supposed to be a symbol of South American ...

Chronicle Telegram
Ecuador audit finds $2.5B lost in oil infrastructure corruption  UPI News

Ecuadorean President Lenin Moreno said an audit into $4.9 billion worth of oil-related infrastructure investment found nearly half of it lost to corruption.

UPI News
CASE STUDY: Lundin Gold Opens Up Ecuador to Project Finance with USD350mn Dual-Tranche Facility  Bonds & Loans

The funding for the project, Lundin Gold's sole venture in the country and its key source of revenue there, featured a one-of-a-kind structural solution that ...

Bonds & Loans
2019 holiday guide: Swing at the edge of a Stratovolcano in Ecuador; walk on water in Bolivia  Economic Times

A New Year brings a list of new resolutions. This year, welcome dynamic change and development, be it international travel trends, or travelling to places that ...

Economic Times
Ecuador Believes Assange Should Surrender to UK Authorities – Foreign Minister  Sputnik International

MEXICO CITY (Sputnik) - Ecuadorian Foreign Minister Jose Valencia suggested that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, who has found shelter at Ecuador's ...

Sputnik International
UN tells UK - Allow Assange to leave Ecuador embassy freely  Channel NewsAsia

U.N. rights experts called on British authorities on Friday to allow WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange to leave the Ecuador embassy in London without fear of ...

Channel NewsAsia
Ecuador bans most fireworks from the Galapagos archipelago  ABC News

Ecuador's government on Friday banned most fireworks in the Galapagos archipelago due to damage caused to the islands' wildlife from the sounds of ...

ABC News
From Edmonton to Ecuador, The Globe picks 10 places to visit in 2019  The Globe and Mail

The hardest part of travel these days? Settling on a destination. Let us help. Here are The Globe's picks for where to go in 2019, whether you're looking for luxury ...

The Globe and Mail
The More The US Pressures Ecuador To Kick Assange Out Of Its Embassy, The Less Likely It Is To Happen  BuzzFeed News

QUITO, Ecuador — Seen from Quito, Julian Assange's fate seems to play out in two parallel realities. In one, fueled by Twitter and international news reports, the ...

BuzzFeed News
The Bajo Alto gas liquefaction plant in Ecuador sinks 70 cm  Business News Americas

The Bajo Alto Gas Liquefaction Plant, located in the canton of El Guabo, Bajo Alto community, province of El Oro, has presented sinkholes of 70 cm, due to ...

Business News Americas
Ecuador says it killed one of Colombia's most-wanted fugitives  Herald-Mail Media

A dissident rebel suspected of running drug trafficking operations in southern Colombia and ordering the killing of three Ecuadorean journalists in April has been ...

Herald-Mail Media
Extraordinary treefrog discovered in the Andes of Ecuador  Science Daily

A dazzling new species of treefrog was discovered at a remote tabletop mountain in the Ecuadorian Andes. The new species has an extraordinary characteristic, ...

Science Daily
Protection for Key Biodiversity Area Expanded in Ecuador  Rainforest Trust

At the end of 2018, Rainforest Trust and Fundación Jocotoco expanded the Buenaventura Tropical Reserve in southwestern Ecuador by 362 acres.

Rainforest Trust
How Bananas Go From a Farm in Ecuador to Your Table  Inside Edition

How do bananas go from a farm to your table? Inside Edition traveled to Ecuador, the world's largest exporter of bananas, to learn about how the fruit is grown.

Inside Edition
SolGold begins 2019 strong on new mineralization at Ecuador project  MINING.com

Company has discovered a new copper and gold mineralization at its Porvenir project, located in southern Ecuador.

Ecuador to audit Julian Assange’s asylum & citizenship as country eyes IMF bailout  RT

Ecuador has begun a “Special Examination” of Julian Assange's asylum and citizenship as it looks to the IMF for a bailout, the whistleblowing site reports, with ...

Indigenous peoples denounce ongoing land rights violations in Ecuador  Mongabay.com

Indigenous people in Ecuador say their territorial rights are being systematically violated, according to a top United Nations official. Victoria Tauli-Corpuz, the ...

Ecuador's National Assembly eliminates controversial sanctioning body with reforms to Communications Law  Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas

After a second and final debate, on Dec. 18, Ecuador's National Assembly approved reforms to the country's Communication Law (LOC, for its acronym in ...

Knight Center for Journalism in the Americas
Australia's top gold miner boosts bet on Ecuador copper project  MINING.com

Newcrest Mining has upped its holdings in Ecuador-focused explorer SolGold to 15.33% from 13.83%, nudging further ahead of the company's second biggest ...

On New Album 'Siku,' Ecuador's Nicola Cruz Takes His Electronic-Organic Fusion on a World Tour  Remezcla

With the release of 'Siku,' Cruz seems destined to bring his particular concoctions further and further afield from the Ecuador in which they were born.

Tiny Ecuador demonstrates world's stupidest idea: Dumping America to become China's running dog  American Thinker

If there was ever an example for nations worldwide of What Not To Do, take a look at what socialist Ecuador has done to itself in dumping the U.S. and turning to ...

American Thinker
Transfer Rumor: Orlando City Finalizing Deal for Ecuador International Midfielder  The Mane Land

Reports out of Ecuador this morning indicate that Orlando City has either already signed or is close to signing 21-year-old Ecuadorian midfielder Jhegson ...

The Mane Land
SolGold announces new porphyry mineralisation discovery at Porvenir project in Ecuador  International Mining

The Board of SolGold has provided an update from the Company's regional exploration activities from its 100% owned Porvenir Project in southern Ecuador, ...

International Mining
Ecuador's Reventador volcano shows eruptive activity, incandescence  UPI News

Dec. 26 (UPI) -- Ecuador's Reventador volcano has recently shown "high eruptive activity" and the emission of visible light caused by high temperatures, the ...

UPI News
Tributes to Co Antrim teacher Barney Riley-Dobbin after death in Ecuador climbing accident  The Irish News

THE body of a 25-year-old teacher who died while climbing to the summit of South America's highest mountain is to be flown home to his Co Antrim family.

The Irish News
Bizarre New Species of Treefrog Discovered in Ecuador | Biology  Sci-News.com

A team of researchers from the Pontificia Universidad Católica del Ecuador has described a new species of treefrog from Cordillera del Condor, a largely ...

Customs officials seize over 48kg of cocaine coming from Ecuador  MaltaToday

A cocaine consignment passing through Malta from Ecuador and heading to Greece was seized by Maltese Customs officials earlier today and is calculated to ...

Funeral for teacher Barney Dobbin who died climbing in Ecuador  Belfast Telegraph

The funeral will take place this morning of Randalstown schoolteacher Barney Dobbin, who died last week following a climbing accident in South America.

Belfast Telegraph
Ecuador’s New Dam a Sign of China’s Debt Trap Diplomacy  The Epoch Times

China's massive investments in Latin America during the global financial crisis are beginning to turn on one nation.

The Epoch Times
Brazil, Colombia, Ecuador and Peru have appointed new ministers in charge of the Amazon. Who are they?  Open Democracy

Four countries in the Amazon basin have appointed new environment ministers in the past eight months, at a time when rates of deforestation have increased ...

Open Democracy
Calif. teacher who broke his neck in Ecuador says he's being held until $35K hospital bill paid  Houston Chronicle

A California high school teacher injured on a trip to Ecuador says he can't leave the country until the hospital bill is paid in full. Alexander Austin, 28, was ...

Houston Chronicle
China Gains Geopolitical Clout in Ecuador Through Export of Mass-Surveillance Systems  The Epoch Times

While on a visit to Beijing in mid-December, Ecuadorian President Lenin Moreno secured a $900 million loan from ...

The Epoch Times
Odebrecht reportedly paid bribes for Ecuador water projects  Business News Americas

The former CEO of Brazilian construction firm Odebrecht, Marcelo Odebrecht, told prosecutors that the firm paid around US$443,000 to Ecuadoran authorities .

Business News Americas
Ecuador Turns Up Pressure on Assange to Leave Embassy  The New York Times

QUITO, Ecuador — Ecuador's president on Thursday ramped up the pressure on Julian Assange to leave his country's embassy in London, saying Britain had ...

The New York Times
Julian Assange Says He's Suing Ecuador for 'Violating His Fundamental Rights'  The New York Times

Julian Assange announced on Friday that he was suing the Ecuadorean government for “violating his fundamental rights,” claiming that his longtime hosts at the ...

The New York Times
Assange must follow new Ecuador embassy rules, says judge  The Guardian

A judge in Ecuador has ruled against WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange, rejecting his request to loosen new requirements that he says are meant to push him ...

The Guardian
Ecuador tightens entry rules for Venezuelan migrants  BBC News

Thousands fleeing Venezuela's economic crisis are blocked as they try to cross from Colombia.

BBC News
Bus crash in Ecuador kills 24 people, injures 19  NBCNews.com

QUITO, Ecuador — At least 24 people were killed and another 19 injured when a bus careened into another vehicle at high speed and overturned on a highway ...

Julian Assange to regain internet access at embassy base – reports  The Guardian

Wikileaks has said Ecuador has agreed to end 'isolation regime' imposed on its founder.

The Guardian
6.3-Magnitude Earthquake Rattles Ecuador, Toppling Power Lines and Injuring One  TIME

A magnitude 6.3 earthquake shook a remote area of central Ecuador, causing minor damage and regional blackouts and injuring one person.

UK said Assange would not be extradited: Ecuador's top attorney  Reuters

The United Kingdom told Ecuador in August that WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange would not be extradited if he left the country's London embassy, where he ...

Paul Manafort reportedly tried to make a deal with Ecuador to hand over Julian Assange  CNBC

During a 2017 meeting with Ecuador's incoming president, Trump's ex-campaign chief Paul Manafort tried to negotiate a deal that would see Ecuador get ...

More than half a million Venezuelans fled to Ecuador this year, UN says  The Guardian

Quito declared a state of emergency after 30,000 migrants escaping violence and a collapsing economy came the first week of August. Tom Phillips Latin ...

The Guardian
Time To Hit Ecuador With Tariffs For Its Bad Faith Toward Chevron  Forbes

Over 25 years ago, Texaco Petroleum (“TexPet”) operated a consortium along with an Ecuadorian state-owned company, Petroecuador. In connection with its ...

Wikileaks' Assange undergoes medical tests at Ecuador's urging  Reuters

QUITO (Reuters) - Wikileaks founder Julian Assange received a series of medical exams, Ecuador's top attorney said on Wednesday, in line with a new set of ...

Ecuador's indigenous march over 600km to demand an end to mining  Al Jazeera English

Indigenous groups call on government to halt development projects in Amazon, saying they threaten food, land and water.

Al Jazeera English
Ecuador to Assange: Don't meddle in politics, and take care of your cat  ABC News

The Ecuadorian Embassy in London may soon end the media blackout on WikiLeaks' embattled founder Julian Assange.

ABC News
Ecuador says it needs $550 million to help Venezuelan migrants  Reuters

QUITO (Reuters) - Ecuador needs some $550 million to provide aid to Venezuelan citizens fleeing their country's economic crisis, and hopes to raise the funds ...

UNICEF welcomes new protocol to protect uprooted children in Ecuador  UNICEF

Download multimedia material here. QUITO/PANAMA CITY, November 6, 2018 – The Government of Ecuador yesterday signed a new protocol for the protection ...

Ecuador says Assange must sort out own issues with Britain  The Guardian

Ecuador does not plan to intervene with the British government on behalf of WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange in talks over his situation in the South American ...

The Guardian
U.S. Ambassador Denies Threatening Ecuador Over Breast-Feeding Resolution  The New York Times

Ambassador Todd C. Chapman said that allegations he pressured the country by threatening trade sanctions and withdrawal of military aid were “patently false.”

The New York Times
New hummingbird species spotted in Ecuador  BBC News

A new species of hummingbird has been spotted and identified in Ecuador by a multinational team of ornithologists. The bird has been named Oreotrochilus ...

BBC News
Travel - The ancient leather tanners of Ecuador  BBC News

In the town of Cotacachi, Ecuador, which bustles with more than 50 leather artisans and shops, one family still holds on to a centuries-old tanning recipe.

BBC News
In Ecuador, landmark court cases challenge mining projects  Reuters

LOS CEDROS, Ecuador (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Ecuador is facing a lawsuit this week for giving mining companies exploration rights to a protected ...

Ecuador vice president resigns amid investigation over payments  Reuters

Ecuador's Vice President Maria Vicuna announced her resignation on Tuesday, one day after President Lenin Moreno relieved her of duties amid an ...

Ecuador Congress Names Broadcaster, 35, as New VP  Voice of America

Ecuador's congress on Tuesday named a 35-year-old radio broadcaster and economist as the country's new vice president, a week after his predecessor ...

Voice of America
A Menu That Roams Ecuador From Queens  The New York Times

At Rincón Melania, an airy, modern restaurant run by a family with roots in the Cañari tribe, every meal begins with tostado, a snack of roasted corn.

The New York Times
Archaeologists Find Earliest Chocolate Ingredient In Ecuador  Forbes

On the edge of the Amazon River basin, in southeast Ecuador, a team of archaeologists and other researchers have recently discovered that the origin of the ...

Julian Assange needs to take care of his cat, or it’ll be given away, Ecuador says  The Verge

Ecuador has outlined a new set of house rules for Julian Assange, who has been hiding out in the Ecuadorian Embassy in London for the past six years.

The Verge
USNS Comfort Wraps Up Medical Assistance Mission in Ecuador  U.S. Southern Command

ESMARALDAS, Ecuador – Senior leadership and personnel embarked aboard the hospital ship USNS Comfort (T-AH 20) attended a closing ceremony at a ...

U.S. Southern Command
WikiLeaks' Assange says Ecuador seeking to end his asylum  Reuters

QUITO (Reuters) - WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange said on Monday that Ecuador is seeking to end his asylum in its London embassy and hand him over to ...

Ecuador bus crash: 12 Barcelona SC fans killed  BBC News

At least 12 fans of Ecuadorean football team Barcelona SC have been killed and 30 injured when the bus they were travelling in overturned. The fans were ...

BBC News
Ecuador's ex-president Rafael Correa requests asylum in Belgium  The Guardian

Ecuador's former president Rafael Correa, who is wanted in his homeland on suspicion of kidnapping, has requested political asylum in Belgium, two ...

The Guardian
UPDATE 2-International tribunal rules in favor of Chevron in Ecuador case  CNBC

(Adds comments by Ecuador's AG, details on next steps). Sept 7 (Reuters) - Chevron Corp said on Friday an international tribunal ruled in its favor in an ...

Trump Administration Denies Threatening Ecuador Over A Breastfeeding Resolution  NPR

U.S. officials made threats to Ecuador in an attempt to water down a resolution in support of breastfeeding, according to a report in The New York Times.

Ecuador ex-president ordered to stand trial for kidnapping  JURIST

Ecuador's National Court of Justice on Wednesday ordered Ecuador's former president, Rafael Correa, to stand trial for his alleged role in the 2012 attempted ...

Ecuador Takes Another Step Out Of The Cold With A Major Copper Discovery  Forbes

Ecuador has not been at the top of anyone's investment list for some time thanks to its aggressive treatment of the U.S. oil major, Chevron, and its provision of a ...

Ecuador to build “world's longest cable car” - News  GCR

The state will not pay a penny for a $600m cable car system planned in Ecuador's capital, Quito (pictured), the country's president has said. Lenin Moreno made ...

Ecuador, Peru tighten entry requirements for Venezuelans as influx swells  Reuters

QUITO/LIMA (Reuters) - Venezuelans entering Ecuador and Peru will soon be required to show their passports, rather than national identity cards, the ...

UNHCR ramps up response as Ecuador declares emergency  UNHCR

On August 8th, in response to the massive influx of Venezuelans arriving to the country, the Government of Ecuador declared a state of emergency in human.

Ecuador attempted to give Wikileaks' Julian Assange diplomat post in Russia: Document  CNBC

The incident was revealed in a letter by Ecuador's foreign ministry to a legislator who had asked for information about Ecuador's decision last year to grant ...

Waku, a wellness tea with roots in Ecuador  The Boston Globe

Waku's backstory goes like this: Two millennials — Juan Giraldo, 29, and Nicolas Estrella, 26 — remember fondly the “wellness tea” they grew up drinking in ...

The Boston Globe
Ecuador faces a huge budget deficit because of loans it received from China  Los Angeles Times

Rafael Correa wanted to fast-track development projects when he was president of Ecuador, so he borrowed billions of dollars from China. But the loans have ...

Los Angeles Times
Wary of Past Defaults, Ecuador Charts New Course  Bloomberg

Ecuador's fiscal discipline is making investors forget about its history of defaults, according to Finance Minister Richard Martinez.

Julio César Trujillo is Ecuador’s second-most powerful man  The Economist

IN 1984 Julio César Trujillo ran for president in Ecuador. He did not do well, winning less than 5% of the vote. Now, as head of the Citizens' Participation and ...

The Economist
11 killed in latest deadly Ecuador bus crash  CNN

At least eleven people were killed in a bus crash in southern Ecuador Saturday morning, officials say.

Indigenous rights 'invisible' as Ecuador pushes mining, oil projects: UN  The Straits Times

QUITO (THOMSON REUTERS FOUNDATION) - Excluding indigenous Ecuadoreans from the country's development plans has made their rights "invisible", a UN ...

The Straits Times
Ecuador may be close to ejecting WikiLeaks founder Julian Assange from its London embassy  USA TODAY

Ecuador appears to be finalizing plans to withdraw its asylum protection for Wikileaks founder Julian Assange as early as next week, eject him from its London ...

Ecuador VP Resigns Amid Probe Over Payments  Voice of America

Prosecutors are investigating funds that Maria Vicuna received from a former adviser between 2011 and 2013 while she was a legislator for former the Country ...

Voice of America
Pink Floyd co-founder Roger Waters urges Ecuador to protect WikiLeaks publisher against U.S. charges  Washington Times

Pink Floyd co-founder Roger Waters leveraged an appearance in Ecuador to lobby for President Lenin Moreno to continue shielding WikiLeaks publisher Julian ...

Washington Times
Ecuador VP Removed, Accused of Taking Kickbacks from Aide  Voice of America

President Lenin Moreno said a top aide, Jose Briones, would occupy the vice presidency, but gave no indication for how long.

Voice of America

Ecuador Videos

Sash!  - Ecuador (Official Video)
Sash! - Ecuador (Official Video)
Noticias Ecuador: 24 Horas, 15/01/2019 (Emisión Estelar) - Teleamazonas
Noticias Ecuador: 24 Horas, 15/01/2019 (Emisión Estelar) - Teleamazonas
Noticias Ecuador: 24 Horas, 15/01/2019 (Emisión Central) - Teleamazonas
Noticias Ecuador: 24 Horas, 15/01/2019 (Emisión Central) - Teleamazonas
What is it like to live in Ecuador? A Day in the life.
What is it like to live in Ecuador? A Day in the life.
Top 10 Things to Do in Ecuador (Ecuador Travel Guide)
Top 10 Things to Do in Ecuador (Ecuador Travel Guide)
NOTICIAS DE HOY ECUADOR 15 DE ENERO 2019 | Todos y el ecuador están contra Rafael Correa !
NOTICIAS DE HOY ECUADOR 15 DE ENERO 2019 | Todos y el ecuador están contra Rafael Correa !
इक्वाडोर साउथ अमेरिका का अनोखा देश - Amazing facts about Ecuador
इक्वाडोर साउथ अमेरिका का अनोखा देश - Amazing facts about Ecuador
Geography Now! Ecuador
Geography Now! Ecuador
Visit Ecuador - Safety Advice for Visiting Ecuador
Visit Ecuador - Safety Advice for Visiting Ecuador

Ecuador Images

Ecuador otorga primera visa de regularización a ciudadana ...
Ecuador otorga primera visa de regularización a ciudadana ...
Various Photographies
Various Photographies
What to eat in Loja, Ecuador | Ecuador, Tamales and Food
What to eat in Loja, Ecuador | Ecuador, Tamales and Food
Vriesea rubra
Vriesea rubra
Magnificent Frigatebird
Magnificent Frigatebird
Ecuador Kostenlose Karten, kostenlose stumme Karte ...
Ecuador Kostenlose Karten, kostenlose stumme Karte ...
mapa Ecuador
mapa Ecuador
Seymour Norte Galapagos - Land Leguaan | Ecuador ...
Seymour Norte Galapagos - Land Leguaan | Ecuador ...
volcan Tunguragua en Ecuador | Ecuador | Pinterest ...
volcan Tunguragua en Ecuador | Ecuador | Pinterest ...
TGI Fridays Ecuador - Los mejores platos y tragos en un ...
TGI Fridays Ecuador - Los mejores platos y tragos en un ...

Ecuador WebSites


Ecuador Wiki

Ecuador ( (listen) EK-wə-dor, Spanish: [ekwaˈðoɾ]) (Quechua: Ikwayur), officially the Republic of Ecuador (Spanish: República del Ecuador, which literally translates as "Republic of the Equator"; Quechua: Ikwadur Ripuwlika), is a country in northwestern South America, bordered by Colombia on the north, Peru on the east and south, and the Pacific Ocean to the west. Ecuador also includes the Galápagos Islands in the Pacific, about 1,000 kilometres (620 mi) west of the mainland. The capital city is Quito and the largest city as well.What is now Ecuador was home to a variety of Amerindian groups that were gradually incorporated into the Inca Empire during the 15th century. The territory was colonized by Spain during the 16th century, achieving independence in 1820 as part of Gran Colombia, from which it emerged as its own sovereign state in 1830. The legacy of both empires is reflected in Ecuador's ethnically diverse population, with most of its 16.4 million people being mestizos, followed by large minorities of European, Amerindian, and African descendants. Spanish is the official language and is spoken by a majority of the population, though 13 Amerindian languages are also recognized, including Quichua and Shuar.The sovereign state of Ecuador is a middle-income representative democratic republic with a developing economy that is highly dependent on commodities, namely petroleum and agricultural products. It is governed as a democratic presidential republic. One of 17 megadiverse countries in the world, Ecuador hosts many endemic plants and animals, such as those of the Galápagos Islands. In recognition of its unique ecological heritage, the new constitution of 2008 is the first in the world to recognize legally enforceable Rights of Nature, or ecosystem rights.