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Czech Republic NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 01:20:38 GMTGoogle News
Facebook takes main Big Brother award in Czech Republic  Radio Prague

The Czech Big Brother awards, recognizing the biggest privacy intruders of 2018, have gone to Facebook, the Czech Financial Administration and the company ...

Radio Prague
Microgaming expands into Czech Republic with Tipsport  iGaming Business

Online gaming *content* provider Microgaming has expanded its *service* offering into the Czech Republic through a new partnership with Tipsport. Microgaming ...

iGaming Business
Apple Pay may be headed for the Czech Republic on February 19  9to5Mac

This may not be the first time there have been rumors that Apple Pay is coming to the Czech Republic, but there's more evidence that Apple's mobile payment ...

New media freedom watchdog established in Czech Republic  Radio Prague

The Czech Republic has a new media freedom watchdog. A number of leading journalists this week established a Czech branch of the International Press ...

Radio Prague
Huawei Was a Czech Favorite. Now? It’s a National Security Threat.  The New York Times

The Czech Republic has taken aggressive steps to limit the use of Huawei in 5G technology, setting off a fight being closely watched across Europe.

The New York Times
Czech Republic - Factors To Watch on Feb 15  Reuters

Here are news stories, press reports and events to watch which may affect Czech financial markets on Friday. ALL TIMES GMT (Czech Republic: GMT + 1 hours) ...

IPI sets up new media freedom watchdog in the Czech Republic  Emerging Europe

A new media freedom watchdog has been established in the Czech Republic, as a branch of the International Press Institute (IPI), a global network of editors, ...

Emerging Europe
Czech Republic is more free than the USA, says 2019 Freedom in the World report - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

They may take our lives… but they'll never take our freedom!” That is, unless you live in roughly 60% of countries throughout the world in the year 2019.

“Midas” – Sebastian Springeth and Max Zebe in Czech Republic  Transworld SNOWboarding

Sebastian Springeth and Max Zebe star in MIDAS. A short video filmed over two weeks in the streets of Czech Republic. Video by Stefano Bergamaschi.

Transworld SNOWboarding
Valentine's Day gets a subversive twist in Prague and the Czech Republic - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Though not a traditional Czech holiday, more and more Czechs are adopting the largely Western tradition of gifting your sweetheart with chocolate, flowers, and ...

Huawei Threatens Lawsuit Against Czech Republic After Security Warning  The New York Times

The threat of legal action by the Chinese tech giant is part of a broader effort to defend itself from charges that it poses a security risk.

The New York Times
Czech Republic interested in mutual increase of tourist flow with Azerbaijan  AzerNews

The Czech Republic is interested in a mutual increase of the tourist flow with Azerbaijan, Milan Ekert, Czech Ambassador to Azerbaijan, said at a press ...

Combatting money laundering in the Czech Republic: despite progress more investigations are needed, says Council of Europe report  Council of Europe

Strasbourg, 11.02.2019 – In a report published today, the Council of Europe's anti money laundering body MONEYVAL finds that, despite progress in the Czech ...

Council of Europe
Wizards' Tomas Satoransky putting Czech Republic on NBA's radar  NBCSports.com

Tomas Satoransky hails from Prague, Czech Republic, not exactly a basketball hotbed.

Czech Republic Confirms Chinese Tech Giant Huawei a Security Risk  Breitbart

The Czech Republic's National Office for Cybernetics and Information Security (NÚKIB) has upheld a decision in which it labelled tech giant Huawei and ZTE a ...

Czech Republic claims title at European Youth Olympic Festival - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

Aliaksei Kolasau (R) of Belarus competes during the ice hockey final between the Czech Republic and Belarus at the European Youth Olympic Festival (EYOF ...

Next generation of unicorns, 5G is coming soon, and Czech Republic eyes Huawei | TECH(feed)  Computerworld

5G networks are coming soon, but what obstacles will companies face while building the necessary infrastructure? And what will be the next start-up to reach ...

MONEYVAL publishes report on Czech Republic - Newsroom  Council of Europe

Combatting money laundering in the Czech Republic: despite progress more investigations are needed, says Council of Europe report.

Council of Europe
Students Study Nuclear Safety in Czech Republic  Middlebury College News and Events

The Winter Term Czech Republic Nuclear Research Reactor Practicum offers Middlebury Institute students the opportunity to learn technical applications of ...

Middlebury College News and Events
Czech Republic among the world's top countries for attracting (and keeping) global talent - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

In terms of quality of working conditions and opportunities, the Czech Republic has been ranked the 25th best country in the world, according to the Adecco ...

Canada heading to Czech Republic for Fed Cup World Group playoffs  Sportsnet.ca

Canada will hit the road to face the Czech Republic in a Fed Cup World Group playoff tie April 20-21.

Tennis: Romania stun champions Czech Republic in Fed Cup  Channel NewsAsia

PARIS: Romania reached the Fed Cup semi-finals for the first time on Sunday (Feb 10) with a 3-2 win over defending champions Czech Republic as ...

Channel NewsAsia
Czech Republic Enacts Full Ban on Fur Farms  LIVEKINDLY

A full ban on fur farming in the Czech Republic is now in effect. The law, originally passed in June 2017, shuts down the nation's handful of remaining fur farms.

Apple Pay expected to debut in Czech Republic on Feb. 19  AppleInsider

Apple Pay may launch in the Czech Republic sooner rather than later, debuting on Feb. 19, according to one report.

Former Czech Republic defender Repka gets jail for fraud  Washington Post

Former Czech Republic defender Tomas Repka has been convicted of fraud and sentenced to 15 months in jail.

Washington Post
Canada to face Czech Republic in Fed Cup World Group playoffs  The Globe and Mail

The winner advances to the World Group, with Canada looking to advance to the top level for the first time since 2015.

The Globe and Mail
Can Slovakia and the Czech Republic overcome Europe’s east-west divide?  European Council on Foreign Relations

Prague and Bratislava can jointly develop a more visible profile within the Visegrad 4 group and counter the overall dominance of Hungary and Poland.

European Council on Foreign Relations
Czech Republic Archives - bellingcat  bellingcat

This is a joint publication with Czech medium Houpací Osel. In November 2018, Andrej Babiš, the Prime Minister (PM) of the Czech Republic, came under heavy ...

Chaos in Czech Republic amid heavy snowfall and blackouts  Aljazeera.com

Heavy snow has caused major disruption in the Czech Republic, leaving approximately 30,000 homes without power. Up to 20cm of *fresh* snow was reported in ...

GAR Article: Huawei threatens claim against Czech Republic  GAR

Embattled Chinese telecoms company Huawei has reportedly threatened the Czech Republic with international arbitration after a state agency warned that.

10 sweet ways to express your love in Czech - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Why aren't Czechs big huggers? And should you actually call your beloved a “little butt”? These and more tips for terms of endearment.

Venezuelans in Czechia look with concern and hope to their homeland  Radio Prague

Among those following developments in Venezuela with avid interest are Venezuelan emigres who have made a new life in the Czech Republic. For many of ...

Radio Prague
Behind the Huawei Backlash in Poland and the Czech Republic  The Diplomat

The bold Huawei-related steps of Poland and the Czech Republic have attracted international attention. Yet these are only the most recent indications of the two ...

The Diplomat
Romania stun holders Czech Republic to reach Fed Cup semis  DAWN.com

PARIS: Romania reached the Fed Cup semi-finals for the first time on Sunday with a 3-2 win over defending champions Czech Republic as Irina-Camelia Begu ...

The Czech Republic welcomed a record 10.6 million tourists in 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Tourism in the Czech Republic has continued to soar at a record-breaking pace, as the country saw a 6.4% rise in 2018.

Heading home: Sedlak visited Czech Republic during break  NHL.com

When the Blue Jackets played their final game before the appropriately named winter break on Dec. 19 in St. Paul, Minn., the high temperature was 11 degrees ...

Huawei threatens to sue Czech Republic over espionage allegations  TRT World

The move comes following year-long campaign by the United States to restrict the use of Chinese technology at home and abroad.

TRT World
Czech Republic at the low end of EU minimum-wage ranking - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

According to a recent Eurostat ranking of the minimum wage across EU member states, the Czech Republic has the sixth-lowest minimum wage in member ...

Arriva to operate four express rail lines in Czech Republic  Railway Technology

Deutsche Bahn subsidiary Arriva has secured a contract from the Czech Ministry of Transport to operate four express rail lines in the country.

Railway Technology
Confirmed: Czech Republic is in Western Europe, says US textbook - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

In the latest version of the US textbook Geography: Realms, Regions, and Concepts, the Czech Republic has achieved Western European status.

petr stolín builds transparent kindergarten of glass fiber in the czech republic  Designboom

all day long, the children can discover the new kindergarten designed by petr stolín architects and all the possible ways to move through it.

Czech Republic opens museum dedicated to Jan Palach  Emerging Europe

Fifty years after his death, Czech student Jan Palach remains a national hero and an inspiration for new generations. This year, dozens of public events were ...

Emerging Europe
Erste Group - Instant Comment Czech Republic: GDP growth positively surprised in 4Q - Feb 15, 2019  SeeNews

Instant Comment Czech Republic GDP growth positively surprised in 4Q(To view the full report please click here:http://reports.aiidatapro.com/brokers/E.

Getaway Alert: Travel From Miami To Prague On A Budget  CBS Miami

Follow CBSMIAMI.COM: Facebook | Twitter. MIAMI (Hoodline) – Last year, the Czech Republic celebrated its 100th birthday, and the country's capital city was ...

CBS Miami
Could AT&T be Czech Republic's next major telecom operator?  Radio Prague

Prime Minister Andrej Babiš's tweet that he was lobbying for the opening of an Apple Store in Prague received much attention from Czech media. However ...

Radio Prague
Czech Republic to stop using ‘Greek yogurt’ labelling  Greek City Times

There has been an important victory for Greece's dairy industry and farmers, as the Czech Republic has sent the European Commission a draft amendment to its ...

Greek City Times
YES! Ban on Fur Farms in Czech Republic Now in Effect!  One Green Planet

A long-debated ban on animal fur farms in the Czech Republic at long last went into effect, after a year and a half of hard-fought challenges to the law.

One Green Planet
Full ban on animal fur farms in the Czech Republic is now in effect - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Last week, the long-awaited ban on fur farms in the Czech Republic went into effect; this week, the state will ensure they have ceased operation.

Ukraine increasingly important economic partner for Czech Republic, says Foreign Minister  Radio Prague

One of the important points on Foreign Minister Tomáš Petříček's agenda during his two-day visit to Ukraine has been the strengthening of economic relations.

Radio Prague
Exploring Prague, Czech Republic - Planning Your Itinerary and Travel Tips  International Living

Our travel tip for Prague is to book the hop-on, hop-off bus for two days, which includes a free walking tour of the Castle (with tips) and a one-hour...

International Living
Czech Republic crime rate down by 5% in 2018 - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

For the fifth consecutive year, the crime rate in the Czech Republic has dropped, according to new statistics released by Czech Police today. Police across the ...

Czech Republic to pay migrants to leave the EU - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Foreigners illegally residing in the Czech Republic will be able to earn up to 100,000 crowns by voluntarily leaving the country and promising not to return to the ...

Czech Republic excludes Huawei from public tenders  Emerging Europe

The Czech Republic's taxation authority has excluded the Chinese IT company Huawei from a public tender procedure to build a tax portal for almost 20 million ...

Emerging Europe
Czech Republic Ready to Withdraw Troops From Afghanistan Following US – Minister  Sputnik International

PRAGUE (Sputnik) - If the United States decides to withdraw its troops from Afghanistan, the Czech Republic will follow, Czech Defence Minister Lubomir Metnar ...

Sputnik International
Record number of Czechs happy with the state of the country's economy  Radio Prague

A full four-fifths of Czechs are happy with the state of their country's economy, the highest rating from the public in 23 years, according to a survey conducted by ...

Radio Prague
Vietnam-Czech Republic trade ties improving - Economy - Vietnam News | Politics, Business, Economy, Society, Life, Sports  Viet Nam News

Investment and trade ties between Việt Nam and the Czech Republic have shown encouraging signs as political and diplomatic relations continue to thrive.

Viet Nam News
Czech GDP 2.9% Up in 2018, While GDP Growth in EU is Moderate at 1.9%  Brno Daily

The Czech Statistical Office (CZSO) released a preliminary estimate of the performance of the Czech economy in 2018. The Czech economy continued to grow ...

Brno Daily
Czech economy grows 3 percent in 2018 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

PRAGUE, Feb. 15 (Xinhua) -- Gross domestic product (GDP) of the Czech Republic expanded 3.0 percent year on year in 2018 from a year before, according to ...

Czech Republic ready to step up Indo-Czech cooperation in defence, other sectors: PM Andrej Babis  Business Today

Czech Republic's defence minister to visit Bengaluru next month to attend Aero India.

Business Today
Mobile teams and new medication helping take Czech psychiatric care out of institutions  Radio Prague

Psychiatric care in the Czech Republic has been profiting from a trend towards external care, which keeps psychiatric institutions from overflowing and lets ...

Radio Prague
Czech cardinal Dominik Duka agrees to meet victims of sexual abuse by priests  Radio Prague

Pope Francis this month publicly acknowledged the scandal of priests and bishops sexually abusing nuns and has vowed to do more to fight the problem.

Radio Prague
Lake Malawi will represent Czech Republic in Tel Aviv  Eurovision.tv

Lake Malawi will represent their country at the 2019 Eurovision Song Contest with the song 'Friend Of A Friend'.

Thailand-Czech Republic Defense Ties in the Headlines With First Prime Minister Visit  The Diplomat

Last week, Thailand hosted its first visit by a prime minister of the Czech Republic. While the trip was characterized by both sides as largely being focused on ...

The Diplomat
He's Back! Caserta Publishes Oped — in the Czech Republic  santaclaranews.org

By Robert Haugh. We never heard of the Prague Post. But they probably have never heard of us either. But they've heard of disgraced former City Councilman ...

Czech Republic to ban unvaccinated children from kids' groups - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Local lawmakers are currently preparing an amendment that will bar unvaccinated children from attending private schools and groups.

QUIZ: Can you identify these 10 Czech cities? - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

See how many Czech cities and towns you can name based on photos of famous landmarks and cityscapes from across the Czech Republic.

Official: Brazil to meet Czech Republic in Prague  Goal

The Brasil Global Tour will resume in March with a rematch of the 1962 World Cup final, at Eden Park Stadium in Prague on March 26.

Housing prices in the Czech Republic rising twice as fast as EU average - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Housing prices in the Czech Republic rose 8.7% year-on-year in the third quarter of 2018, a rate well over the 4.3 percent average across the European Union, ...

Prague among world's most romantic destinations, says TripAdvisor - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Just in time for Valentine's Day, the Travel website has included the Czech capital among their list of the world's 50 most romantic destinations.

Fed Cup flashback: Czech Republic take on Romania in 2016  WTA Tennis

Ahead of this weekend's blockbuster match, we look back on photos from their previous encounter in the team competition. WTA Staff. February 5, 2019. AddThis ...

WTA Tennis
ŠKODA AUTO produced more vehicles in the Czech Republic in 2018 than ever before  Automotive World

Record: 886100 ŠKODA vehicles produced in the Czech Republic.

Automotive World
Czech billionaire's CMI finalises purchase of Lagardère titles, including Elle  Radio Prague

Czech Media Invest (CMI), co-owned by billionaire Daniel Křetínský, has finalised its purchase of Lagardère group's magazine titles in France, including the ...

Radio Prague
Brave the Czech Republic's new treetop skywalk, Europe's longest - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Now is the perfect time to explore this towering snow-covered trail in the Moravian-Silesia region.

Apple Pay to Become Available on February 19 in Czech Republic  Appleosophy

Apple Pay could soon be coming to the Czech Republic soon after a close source said that it could be there as soon as next week. This is not the first time that ...

Czech First League: Things You Should Know  Prague Post

The Czech First League, also known as the Fortuna Liga, is a football league where you will find the best Czech football teams. Truth be told, this league is not ...

Prague Post
Minimum Wage in the Czech Republic is 6th Lowest in European Union  Brno Daily

New data from Eurostat, the EU's statistical office, shows that out of the 22 countries in the union which have a National Minimum Wage, the Czech Republic's is ...

Brno Daily
Table tennis: Koen and Josh win Czech junior doubles crown, will also be involved in team events  The Straits Times

SINGAPORE - National paddlers Koen Pang and Josh Chua clinched the junior boys' doubles title at the 2019 ITTF Junior Circuit Premium, Czech Junior ...

The Straits Times
Prague named one of world's top 50 places to visit in 2019 - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Any time is a good time to visit Prague, but 2019 might be an extra-special time to see the Czech capital, according to one US publication – – and get a taste of ...

Czech incentives scheme paying off in attracting foreign film & TV productions, film tourism  Radio Prague

Foreign filmmakers and TV crews spent nearly 5 billion crowns last year in the Czech Republic, a jump of nearly two billion crowns compared to 2017. With the ...

Radio Prague
New hope for cancer patients: drug in clinical testing makes cancer cells self-destruct  Radio Prague

Professor Jiří Neužil is one of the Czech Republic's leading specialists in cancer research. His research teams at the Biotechnological Institute of the Czech ...

Radio Prague
Why is it so hard to remove a Czech president?  Radio Prague

A group of Czech senators recently accused President Miloš Zeman of gross violation of the Constitution and began drafting an official bill of impeachment.

Radio Prague
European Commission refers Czech Republic and Slovenia to CJEU over building energy performance  Emerging Europe

The European Commission decided to refer the Czech Republic and Slovenia to the Court of Justice of the EU for failing to comply with the Energy Performance ...

Emerging Europe
Prague to offer free public transport during smog warnings - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

The Czech capital, which is the country's second most-polluted city, plans to offer free public transport to all during times of smog.

Police release photography of Karel Sroubek smiling in Czech Republic despite claims his life was in danger  New Zealand Herald

Karel Sroubek can be seen smiling outside his father's shop in the Czech Republic in a photograph taken after he came into New Zealand under an assumed ...

New Zealand Herald
Huawei says doesn't wish to escalate further with Czech cyber watchdog - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

by Xinhua writer Wang Zichen. BRUSSELS, Feb. 14 (Xinhua) -- A spokesperson for Huawei in the Czech Republic confirmed on Thursday that the company has ...

Ministers announce steps to combat drought  Radio Prague

The Czech Republic has been hit by droughts in recent years, with large swathes of the country particularly badly affected last summer. Now a government task ...

Radio Prague
Hungary, Poland, Czech Republic, Slovakia to Hold Summit in Jerusalem  Breitbart

Hungary, Poland, the Czech Republic, and Slovakia, are set to hold the first overseas Visegrád summit in Jerusalem, Israel, this month.

Declan Rice declares allegiance to England and turns his back on Republic of Ireland  The Telegraph

Declan Rice is in line for a call-up to Gareth Southgate's squad for next month's European Championship qualifiers after deciding to switch his international ...

The Telegraph
Cross-country skiing in Czechia  Radio Prague

Cross-country skiing is becoming the thing to do in the Czech Republic. In the past two or three decades, more Czechs preferred downhill skiing either at home ...

Radio Prague
Celebrations planned for 300-year-old Czech Torah  Canadian Jewish News

A restored 300-year-old Torah scroll from Czechoslovakia that was transferred to its new home at Beth Emeth Bais Yehuda Synagogue in Toronto is being ...

Canadian Jewish News
Czech Republic to hold a National Final for Eurovision 2020  ESCXTRA.com

CT has announced that it will hold a National Final for the Eurovision Song Contest 2020, thus confirming its intent to participate next year.

Minister has plan to stop doctors exodus – but young practitioners are unconvinced  Radio Prague

There is a serious shortage of young doctors entering the Czech health system, with many physicians choosing to work in Western countries instead.

Radio Prague
Zeman Dubs Huawei Security Issue in Czech Republic a 'Trade War'  Sputnik International

PRAGUE (Sputnik) – Czech President Milos Zeman suggested that the situation around Chinese telecommunications giant Huawei, which has been accused by ...

Sputnik International
Low on vacation time, Americans want the highlights when they visit Czechia, says marketer Jiří Dužár  Radio Prague

Visit Czech Republic posts wonderful photos on social media aimed at lovers of the country and potential first-time travellers to this part of the world. In North ...

Radio Prague
Smržovka – a haven for luge riders  Radio Prague

It used to be a common form of transport and fun in winter months centuries ago, but its popularity receded with the introduction of motor vehicles and skis.

Radio Prague
A lookout tower with a limited environmental impact | Livegreenblog  Floornature.com

Read The architects from Hu? architektury have designed a lookout tower in the Krali?ák ski resort Czech Republic.

Game over: Czechia no longer the 'casino of Europe', slot machine bars disappearing  Radio Prague

A decade ago, the Czech Republic had more gaming machines per capita than any other country in the European Union. But “one-armed bandits” have steadily ...

Radio Prague
Ministry plans higher pensions and new affordable housing legislation  Radio Prague

The Ministry of Labour and Social Affairs is proposing an increase in old-age pensions next year. Minister Jana Maláčová also announced on Thursday that she ...

Radio Prague
Luxusní Miss Czech Republic: Korunky za cenu přepychové dovolené a dalších 5 věcí, které jste netušili  eXtra.cz

Máme za sebou galavečer Miss Czech Republic, který se uskutečnil v Brně. Vítězkou se nakonec stala osmnáctiletá Denisa Spergerová, která je k velkému ...

Rumor: Apple Pay to launch in Czech Republic on Tuesday, February 19th  O'Grady's Power Page

If you're in the Czech Republic and have been hankering for Apple Pay, it looks like it'll launch next Tuesday. According to local media report, a number of local ...

O'Grady's Power Page

Czech Republic Videos

Geography Now! Czech Republic (Czechia)
Geography Now! Czech Republic (Czechia)
Cost of living in Prague (Czech Republic)
Cost of living in Prague (Czech Republic)
Top 10 Places to Visit in Czech Republic
Top 10 Places to Visit in Czech Republic
Aquapalace Prague in Czech Republic (Progressive Music Clip!)
Aquapalace Prague in Czech Republic (Progressive Music Clip!)
24 hours in PRAGUE, Czech Republic! (Travel Guide)
24 hours in PRAGUE, Czech Republic! (Travel Guide)
बिना बॉर्डर के देश // Czech Republic a amazing country
बिना बॉर्डर के देश // Czech Republic a amazing country
5 Things I Learned in 5 Years in Czech Republic
5 Things I Learned in 5 Years in Czech Republic

Czech Republic Images

Chlamydomonas geitleri - G224 | the CAUP image database
Chlamydomonas geitleri - G224 | the CAUP image database
ESKIMO Model Management
ESKIMO Model Management
Czeska Szwajcaria / Bohemian Switzerland | Czeska ...
Czeska Szwajcaria / Bohemian Switzerland | Czeska ...
Prague wedding photography - Wedding photographer Prague ...
Prague wedding photography - Wedding photographer Prague ...
Eastern Europe & Russia - Ben's Camouflage Collection
Eastern Europe & Russia - Ben's Camouflage Collection
Republic of Maldives
Republic of Maldives
Virgin Temperate Forest | Virgin Temperate Forest National ...
Virgin Temperate Forest | Virgin Temperate Forest National ...
Budweis Fotos - Stadtplatz Budweis
Budweis Fotos - Stadtplatz Budweis

Czech Republic WebSites


Czech Republic Wiki

The Czech Republic ( (listen); Czech: Česká republika [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpublɪka] (listen)), also known by its short-form name, Czechia ( (listen); Czech: Česko [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants; its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava, Olomouc and Pilsen. The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.It is a developed country with an advanced, high income export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing and innovation. The UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index. It ranks as the 6th safest or most peaceful country and is one of the most non-religious countries in the world, while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia to Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty. In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as an Imperial State of the Holy Roman Empire along with the Kingdom of Germany, the Kingdom of Burgundy, the Kingdom of Italy, and numerous other territories, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. Beside Bohemia itself, the King of Bohemia ruled the lands of the Bohemian Crown, holding a vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor; and Prague was the imperial seat in periods between the 14th and 17th century. In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church.Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Catholicism, and also adopted a policy of gradual Germanization. This contributed to the anti-Habsburg sentiment. A long history of resentment of the Catholic Church followed and still continues. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, which was formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I.Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in this part of Europe in the interwar period. However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic; Czechoslovakia was liberated in 1945 by the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States. Most of the three millions of the German-speaking minority were expelled following the war. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and after the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence. In 1968, increasing dissatisfaction with the regime culminated in a reform movement known as the Prague Spring, which ended in a Soviet-led invasion. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed and market economy was reintroduced. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.