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Czech Republic NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Sun, 16 Dec 2018 22:12:52 GMTGoogle News
How would a “hard” Brexit impact the Czech Republic?  Radio Prague

As the deadline date for Brexit looms ever closer, Czechs are asking themselves what the economic impact of a “hard” Brexit would be. A report published by ...

Radio Prague
European Parliament raises concerns about EU funds in Czech Republic  POLITICO.eu

Prime Minister Babiš' business interests have come under significant scrutiny.

Stanislav Kolíbal Will Represent the Czech Republic at the 2019 Venice Biennale -  ARTnews

The National Gallery in Prague has selected Stanislav Kolíbal to represent the Czech Republic at the 2019 Venice Biennale, with art historian Dieter Bogner set ...

Wolf packs are returning to the Czech Republic - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

While wolves were absent from the Czech Republic at the turn of the century, packs have been returning to the country in recent years. The first wolf pack was ...

Rolando Aarons returns to Newcastle United after Czech Republic loan spell  Chronicle Live

The winger is heading back to Tyneside and has a message to everyone at Slovan Liberec after his loan move.

Chronicle Live
Czech Republic had the lowest unemployment rate in EU in 2017  Radio Prague

The Czech Republic had the lowest unemployment rate in the EU in 2017, according to the Statistical Yearbook, released by the Czech Statistical office on ...

Radio Prague
Scandal Around Billionaire Prime Minister Leaves Czechs in Limbo  The New York Times

Andrej Babis, a bombastic populist, survived a no-confidence vote after his eldest son claimed to have been abducted to silence his testimony in a fraud case.

The New York Times
Left's Faustian Pact Props Up Czech Trump, For Now  Forbes

The Czech Republic's smaller coalition party, the social democratic ČSSD, said it would not bring the scandal-hit government down, but by so doing may have ...

Report: Czech Muslim community moderate, well integrated  Radio Prague

The Muslim community in the Czech Republic is moderate and well integrated, but attacks by some politicians could lead to some being radicalised, the Ministry ...

Radio Prague
GAMEDAY: US Faces the Czech Republic  USA Hockey

The United States Junior Select Team will continue tournament play at the 2018 World Junior A Challenge tonight (Dec. 11) at 7 p.m. local time/9 p.m. ET in ...

USA Hockey
Atos Strengthens Computing Capacity of National Supercomputing Center in Czech Republic  HPCwire

Dec. 14, 2018 — Atos, a global leader in digital transformation, has signed a contract to deliver its latest supercomputer, the BullSequana XH2000, ...

Czech Republic to boost spending on land weapons in 2019  DefenseNews.com

WARSAW, Poland — Czech Defence Minister Lubomir Metnar has announced the ministry's acquisition plans for 2019. Next year, the country aims to purchase ...

Czech Republic ranked #27 among world's most prosperous nations - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

What are the world's most prosperous countries? Released yesterday, the Legatum Institute's annual Prosperity Index assesses the world's countries based on ...

Gruesome discovery of Czech tiger farm exposes illegal trade in heart of Europe  The Guardian

A haul of *fresh* pelts and rotting remains marks the end of a five-year probe into an international crime ring. Authorities fear it points to a wider problem in Europe.

The Guardian
QUIZ: How well do you know Czech Christmas traditions? - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Have you experienced Christmastime in the Czech Republic? See if you know your Czech Christmas trivia with our not-so-challenging quiz.

Number of foreign workers in Czech Republic increases to over half a million  Radio Prague

The number of foreigners working in the Czech Republic has more than tripled since the country's accession to the European Union in 2004. At the moment ...

Radio Prague
Team USA Edges Czech Republic, 4-2, in World Junior A Challenge Play  USA Hockey

BONNYVILLE, Alberta – The United States Junior Select Team picked up their first win of the 2018 World Junior A Challenge on Tuesday night when they ...

USA Hockey
Strike by German railway workers disrupts traffic to Czech Republic  Radio Prague

A four hour strike by German railway workers on Monday disrupted local, regional and long-distance train traffic spilling over into neighbouring countries.

Radio Prague
Czech Republic blames Russia for multiple government network hacks  ZDNet

Czech intelligence *service* says two Russian cyber-espionage groups hacked Ministry of Foreign Affairs, Ministry of Defense, and members of the Czech Army.

Number of foreign workers in the Czech Republic crosses half a million - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

The number of foreign workers in the Czech Republic has breached 500,000 for the first time in history, according to new data released last week by the Czech ...

Czech scouts bring Light of Bethlehem from Austria  Radio Prague

A group of Czech girl and boy scouts crossed into the country from Austria on Saturday evening with traditional Light of Bethlehem lanterns. The flame had ...

Radio Prague
Czech registers 182 cases of measles this year - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

PRAGUE, Dec. 16 (Xinhua) -- A total of 182 cases of measles have been registered in the Czech Republic by Dec. 4 this year, up about one-fourth from the 142 ...

Shootout loss for Canada West against Czech Republic  Keremeos Review

Team Canada West has already booked their ticket to the World Junior A Challenge semifinal, but a loss to the Czech Republic in Thursday night's final ...

Keremeos Review
Aurora Cannabis inks agreement to ship medical cannabis to the Czech Republic  The GrowthOp

Aurora Cannabis Inc., having received an export request and having secured the required export permit, has now completed its first shipment of medical ...

The GrowthOp
Armenian ex-president’s nephew detained in Czech Republic  TASS

Narek Sargsyan was placed in custody at a pre-trial facility until court issues an extradition ruling.

Polls shows army, police most trusted in Czech Republic - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

PRAGUE, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Army and police are the most trusted among the selected public institutions in the Czech Republic, according to the survey results ...

Respekt: EU budget chief suggests ways for Czech PM to avoid conflict of interest  Radio Prague

EU Budget Commissioner Günther Oettinger has recommended three ways for Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš (ANO) to avoid a conflict of interest as regards ...

Radio Prague
Is there an alternative side to the Czech Republic?  Travel Daily

Popular as a bachelorette destination in Europe, Prague is infamous for its bustling party scene set amidst the cobble-stone pavements of history. But there is a ...

Travel Daily
Czech Republic team holds first practice in Nanaimo ahead of World Juniors  Nanaimo News Bulletin

Czechs will play pre-tournament game against Slovakia on Dec. 19 at Frank Crane Arena.

Nanaimo News Bulletin
Russia poses danger to Czech Republic, EU: Czech Foreign Minister  UNIAN

Czech Minister of Foreign Affairs Tomáš Petříček says Russia poses a danger to the Czech Republic and the European Union. The EU member states should ...

Babiš: Morocco could become the Czech Republic's largest trading partner in Africa  Radio Prague

Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babiš launched a bilateral Czech-Moroccan Business Forum in the city of Casablanca on Wednesday. In his speech, Mr. Babiš ...

Radio Prague
Czech Republic withdraws support for Global Compact on Migration  Radio Prague

The Czech Republic absented itself from a meeting of UN representatives in Marrakesh on Monday at which 164 states signed the Global Compact on Migration.

Radio Prague
November 17 – The Czech Republic's unofficial protest day?  Radio Prague

This year the Czech Republic is celebrating many special anniversaries. Yet despite the importance of commemorating a hundred years since the Czechs ...

Radio Prague
Czech PM accused of conflict of interest over EU funds to businesses  The Guardian

The billionaire prime minister of the Czech Republic has been accused of a conflict of interest over European Union funds paid to his company, according to a ...

The Guardian
November 17 is Struggle for Freedom and Democracy Day in the Czech Republic - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Remembering the cost of freedom and democracy, November 17 is a national holiday in the Czech Republic.

Czech Republic – Most employers plan to raise wages by 15% to address skills shortage, Randstad finds  Staffing Industry Analysts

The majority, or 90%, of companies in the Czech Republic are ready to offer up to 15% higher wages in order to address skills shortages, according to a survey ...

Staffing Industry Analysts
Igloos and thick socks: novel ideas help keep Czech homeless warm  Radio Prague

There are currently thousands of homeless people across the Czech Republic and deaths and severe cases of frostbite have already been reported this winter.

Radio Prague
5 things to know before buying property in the Czech Republic - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Recent caps on mortgage lending and skyrocketing real-estate prices present challenges to the first-time borrower; don't worry, you've got options.

Czech Republic eliminates Russian spy network, says counterintelligence chief  TASS

PRAGUE, December 7. /TASS/. Earlier this year, the Czech Republic counterintelligence forces have eliminated an intelligence network of the Russian Special ...

Czech Republic, Timor-Leste to Lead Process on UN Organs' Alignment with 2030 Agenda | News  IISD Reporting Services

20 November 2018: UN General Assembly (UNGA) President María Fernanda Espinosa Garcés announced that the permanent representatives of Timor-Leste ...

IISD Reporting Services
Czech Republic sees over 21% boost in travel from Saudi Arabia  Travel Daily

The Czech Tourist Authority, CzechTourism, and the Embassy of the Czech Republic in Riyadh have reported an upswing in travel from Saudi Arabia in the first ...

Travel Daily
Prague rallies against embattled Czech PM  BBC News

Protesters in Prague are holding a rally against embattled Czech Prime Minister Andrej Babis, a day after he vowed he would "never resign". The protest comes ...

BBC News
Euro 2020 draw: England to face Czech Republic, Germany draw Netherlands  Goal

England have been drawn to face Czech Republic in Group A as the qualifying groups for Euro 2020 were decided on Sunday in Dublin.

Czech egg production to go cage-free by 2025 - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Caged hens bred for their eggs currently live in spaces roughly the size of an A4 sheet of paper. But the production of eggs in the Czech Republic is about to ...

Number of new HIV cases falling in Czech Republic  Radio Prague

The number of newly registered HIV cases in the Czech Republic has evidently fallen slightly, Czech Television reported on Tuesday. While last year 254 new ...

Radio Prague
Prague weighs replacement options for nuclear plants  Financial Times

For more than three decades, the nuclear reactors near Dukovany, a municipality 170km south-east of Prague, have formed a key part of the Czech energy ...

Financial Times
Prague Christmas Markets voted among Europe's top 10 - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Markets in Tallinn, Estonia were voted Europe's best Christmas destination by readers of European Best Destinations; Prague #9.

Serbian PM visits Czech Republic and Slovakia  B92

Brnabic will visit the Czech Republic together with Minister of Finance Sinisa Mali at the invitation of Prime Minister Andrej Babis. Brnabic will meet with ...

UEFA Nations League: Slovakia relegated after Czech Republic defeat  SkySports

Slovakia were relegated from UEFA Nations League B after losing 1-0 to Czech Republic.

Stanislav Kolíbal to represent the Czech Republic at the 58th Venice Biennale - Announcements  E-Flux

“By selecting the project by Stanislav Kolíbal, the jury honors the outstanding pioneer of Czech avant-garde art and acknowledges his groundbreaking oeuvre ...

Bukac, Lauko named to the Czech Republic camp for the 2019 World Juniors  Stanley Cup of Chowder

At least two Boston prospects will have a chance to play in the WJC.

Stanley Cup of Chowder
Czech Republic donates P6.66 M for 'Ompong' rehab  Manila Bulletin

The Czech Republic has donated some P6.66 million for the rehabilitation of the settlements in Northern Luzon that were ravaged by Typhoon “Ompong” in ...

Manila Bulletin
Prague police, Czech post office get Sexist Piggie awards - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Winners of the annual Sexist Piggie Awards (Sexistické prasátečko in Czech), an event that compiles the worst examples of sexism in advertising, were ...

Czech president in Israel, to begin moving embassy to Jerusalem  The Jerusalem Post - Israel News

Miloš Zeman, the president of the Czech Republic – one of the friendliest countries to Israel in Europe – arrived on Sunday for a four-day state visit. During his ...

The Jerusalem Post - Israel News
Rare photography portfolio showcases Czech avant garde  University of Rochester

Though the Memorial Art Gallery doesn't actively collect photography, its curatorial team has brought in a rare and powerful portfolio. Modern Czech ...

University of Rochester
“Dangerous” Russia a threat to Czech Republic and EU, says Czech foreign minister  Radio Prague

The Czech minister of foreign affairs, Tomáš Petříček, has described Russia as “dangerous”. In an interview with Czech Radio, Mr. Petříček said Moscow was ...

Radio Prague
UkrInform: Czech Republic to help unblock access to Azov Sea  Kyiv Post

The Czech Republic will use all diplomatic levers of influence to help unblock the Sea of Azov and restore peace and Ukraine’s territorial integrity, Member ...

Kyiv Post
Tomas Plekanec to play for two Czech Republic teams  Sportsnet.ca

Tomas Plekanec has signed a contract with Czech Extraliga club HC Kometa Brno. Plekanec will also play for his hometown HC Kladno in the second division, ...

UFC confirms Czech Republic debut, tickets on sale Dec. 7  MMAjunkie

As expected, the UFC will visit the Czech Republic for the first time on Feb. 23.

New apostolic nuncio to arrive in Czech Republic on Thursday  Radio Prague

The new apostolic nuncio to the Czech Republic, Charles Daniel Balvo, is set to arrive in the Czech Republic on Thursday. The American, who has already ...

Radio Prague
GALLERY: 14 pictures of a snowy Prague that will have you dreaming of a White Christmas - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Prague becomes a winter wonderland during the cold season when it snows, and these photos will make you wish you were here.

Billa Czech Republic To Cease Sale Of Plastic Bags At End 2018  ESM - The European Supermarket Magazine

Billa Czech Republic has announced that it will cease the sale of plastic bags at the end of 2018, replacing them with recycled paper bags and degradable ...

ESM - The European Supermarket Magazine
Three Sabres prospects named to World Junior camps for Finland, Czech Republic  Buffalo News

Preliminary rosters are being released for this years World Junior Championships in Vancouver and three Sabres prospects are on the lists thus far. Goalie U…

Buffalo News
VIDEO: What if Harry Potter was from Prague? - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Harry Potter and the city of London will be forever intertwined, but have you ever wondered what J.K. Rowling's classic creation might have looked like if he was ...

Czech Republic's longest railway tunnel opens  Railway Gazette International

CZECH REPUBLIC: Passenger services began using the country's longest railway tunnel on November 16, the day after the first revenue freight...

Railway Gazette International
Ukrinform: Czech Republic rejects militarization of Crimea, Sea of Azov  Kyiv Post

The Czech Republic rejects militarization of Crimea and the Sea of Azov. “During the meeting with Ukrainian Minister Pavlo Klimkin I reassured him of our full ...

Kyiv Post
Immigration Minister knew of Sroubek's crimes in Czech Republic  Radio New Zealand

Immigration Minister Iain Lees-Galloway was informed of Karel Sroubek's violent crimes in the Czech Republic and allowed him to stay in New Zealand anyway.

Radio New Zealand
Santa Claus has overtaken Mikuláš in Czech Christmas advertising - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

The familiar Czech themes are being replaced by foreign imagery among stores advertising Christmas goods.

Czech Republic joins European MALE RPAS project  IHS Jane's 360

The Czech Republic has joined the multinational team developing the European medium-altitude long-endurance (MALE) remotely piloted air system (RPAS), ...

IHS Jane's 360
Profit of Czech forest enterprise Lesy CR down 60% to CZK1.62bn in 3Q18  bne IntelliNews

Gross profit of the Czech state enterprise Lesy CR (Forests of the Czech Republic, LCR) dropped by 60% y/y to CZK1.62bn (€62.7mn) in 3Q18, due to the fall in ...

bne IntelliNews
The largest greenhouse in the Czech Republic is already functioning  FreshPlaza

FreshPlaza is the number one portal for the *fresh* produce industry, offering the latest news, job advertisements, pricewatching, and photo reports.

Czech Republic: Ostrava Steelers sign NEFL championship QB Randall Schroeder  American Football International

The Ostrava Steelers have signed NEFL (Northern European Football League) championship-winning quarterback Randall Schroeder for the 2019 season.

American Football International
Key Regulatory Developments In The Czech Republic – November 2018 - Finance and Banking - Czech Republic  Mondaq News Alerts

The Czech National Bank issued official set of responses addressing the concept of a worker pursuant to the Czech Act on Consumer Credit. Czech Republic ...

Mondaq News Alerts
Agreement reached on Serbia's old debt to Czech Republic - English - on B92.net  B92

Brnabic first met with Czech President Milos Zeman and during the meeting, an agreement between the government of the Czech Republic and the government ...

Czech population has increased by 27,700 this year, largely due to migration - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Over the first three quarters of 2018, the population of the Czech Republic has increased by 27.7 thousand people, according to new data published today by the ...

Government report highlights alarming state of Czech forests  Radio Prague

The impact of global climate change in the Czech Republic can be felt more strongly than ever before, suggests a newly-released government report on the state ...

Radio Prague
Celebrate Thanksgiving in a Czech castle this year - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

The interesting story behind this annual Thanksgiving feast in a stunning historic setting.

Netanyahu: 'No greater friend than the Czech Republic in the eastern hemisphere'  Cleveland Jewish News

With the Czech Republic, as with the United States of America, there is something else. It's a deep, deep commonality of values, which you so powerfully ...

Cleveland Jewish News
City view of Prague, Czech Republic - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

A musician plays cello at the Old Town in Prague, capital of Czech Republic, Nov. 18, 2018. A historical city, the Czech capital is decorated with many medieval ...

Czechs hold EU line as PM Babis faces confidence vote  Financial Times

Tomas Petricek is a central European rarity: a firmly pro-EU minister in a region where Eurosceptic parties hold sway. While Viktor Orban's Fidesz and Jaroslaw ...

Financial Times
Czech Republic rolls out nationwide LoraWAN network  SmartCitiesWorld

Semtech and telecommunications and digital infrastructure firm, České Radiokomunikace, deployed the network which is currently accessible by 75 per cent of ...

Chinese, Russian diplomats expand spying in Czech Republic  The Sun Daily

PRAGUE: The Czech intelligence agency said Monday that Russian and Chinese diplomats intensified their espionage activities on Czech soil in 2017 than...

The Sun Daily
Rolls-Royce wins gas genset deal in Czech Republic  Power Engineering International

Rolls-Royce Power Systems is to supply gas-fired gensets to add an extra 23 MW to an existing power plant in the Czech Republic.

Power Engineering International
GV, Phyteneo agree to sell HPV Integration Test in Czech Republic  Medical Device Network

Genomic Vision (GV) has signed a licensing agreement with Phyteneo to commercialise its HPV integration test in Czech Republic.

Medical Device Network
Slovak Telekom and T-Mobile Czech Republic select MediaKind for IPTV extension  Business Wire

MediaKind, a global media technology leader, has been selected by Slovak Telekom and T-Mobile Czech Republic, members of the Deutsche Telekom group, t.

Business Wire
Tiny studio apartments are now trending in Prague - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

1+kk apartments as small as 16 square meters are now becoming a thing in Prague.

Croatian Dome Producers Export to Finland, Czech Republic, Japan  Total Croatia News

Two Croatian dome producers have managed to conquer the often overlooked world of domes. Yes, domes. From very humble beginnings, they now export their ...

Total Croatia News
Will Czech salaries catch up to Western Europe? - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

Wages in the Czech Republic are on a steep rise, but will they ever match the country's Western neighbors? And should they?

From a Czech warehouse to a street near you: the journey of a gun  The Guardian

Blank-firing Zoraki handguns, imported from Europe, have been converted to deadly weapons in a shed in Bedford.

The Guardian
Some 10000 Czech businesses fronted by homeless “white horses”  Radio Prague

It is generally still easier in the Czech Republic than elsewhere in the EU to hide crucial parts of corporate structures – including the ultimate beneficial owners of ...

Radio Prague
Ref Vassallo in Czech Republic assignment  Times of Malta

Local international basketball referee Bernard Vassallo will continue with his positive season in Europe when he will travel to the Czech Republic for another ...

Times of Malta
A century of Czech independence - according to Pavel Kosatík  Radio Prague

As the end of 2018 draws near, Czechs are reflecting on the century of their independent state. All years ending in “8” have a special meaning for this nation ...

Radio Prague
Man-made Czech waterways help save carp, a Christmas treat  Associated Press

KRCIN, Czech Republic (AP) — Czechs will have to pay more for their traditional Christmas delicacy this year after a serious drought devastated the carp ...

Associated Press
PH, Czech Republic to convene on ECA  Manila Bulletin

The Philippines and the Czech Republic will immediately convene a joint consultative meeting to further discuss the recently concluded economic cooperation ...

Manila Bulletin
Travel from Saudi to Czech Republic up 21pc in H1  Trade Arabia

Visitors to the Czech Republic from Saudi Arabia grew by over 21 per cent in the first half of 2018 as compared to the corresponding period last year.

Trade Arabia
Ishida helps Czech Republic snack manufacturer realize high speed packaging in small bags  PotatoPro

Ishida's experience in the development of snacks packaging solutions has been the critical factor in enabling one of the Czech Republic's leading snacks ...

Andrej Babis EU funds scandal: Czech protesters use revolution anniversary to call for PM to quit  Euronews English

Thousands marched to call for the Czech Republic's billionaire prime minister to quit amid an EU funds scandal.

Euronews English
Remarks by Chinese Ambassador to the Czech Republic Zhang Jianmin on 'Key Factors of Success'  Global Times

Let me start by thanking Mr. Muzikar for this wonderful opportunity to meet all of you here. I have learned a lot from the remarks of the previous speakers. As the ...

Global Times
Prague's Manifesto Market debuts special Christmas edition - Prague, Czech Republic  Expats.cz

The Czech capital's hit summer market is returning for the holiday season with a special Christmas-themed marketplace.

Germany and Denmark draw, win for Czech Republic | Official Site  Chelsea FC

Germany conceded a late equaliser in the UEFA Nations League but there were victories for Czech Republic and two young England sides on the international ...

Chelsea FC

Czech Republic Videos

Geography Now! Czech Republic (Czechia)
Geography Now! Czech Republic (Czechia)
Travel To Czech Republic | History And Documentary Czech Republic Urdu & Hindi | جمہوریہ چیک کی سیر
Travel To Czech Republic | History And Documentary Czech Republic Urdu & Hindi | جمہوریہ چیک کی سیر
I am in Czech Republic
I am in Czech Republic
Jobs For Nepali In CZECH REPUBLIC - चेक रिपब्लिकमा काम अबसर र चुनौती
Jobs For Nepali In CZECH REPUBLIC - चेक रिपब्लिकमा काम अबसर र चुनौती
Top 10 Places to Visit in Czech Republic
Top 10 Places to Visit in Czech Republic
बिना बॉर्डर के देश // Czech Republic a amazing country
बिना बॉर्डर के देश // Czech Republic a amazing country
#Czech Republic পৃথিবীর সুন্দর একটি দেশ একবার আসলে আপনার ফিরে যাবার মন চাইবে না
#Czech Republic পৃথিবীর সুন্দর একটি দেশ একবার আসলে আপনার ফিরে যাবার মন চাইবে না

Czech Republic Images

Czech model Dominika Kadlckova | Czech Republic ...
Czech model Dominika Kadlckova | Czech Republic ...
Chlamydomonas geitleri - G224 | the CAUP image database
Chlamydomonas geitleri - G224 | the CAUP image database
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5 Reasons to Visit Nis Serbia –cherylhoward.com
File:Theresienstadt-Kleine Festung-Arbeit macht frei.jpg ...
File:Theresienstadt-Kleine Festung-Arbeit macht frei.jpg ...
Lego Museum | Prague Stay
Lego Museum | Prague Stay
File:Jalubí, větrný mlýn.jpg - Wikipedia
File:Jalubí, větrný mlýn.jpg - Wikipedia
Babka (cake) - Wikipedia
Babka (cake) - Wikipedia
Download Hintergrund Tschechien, Satin, Flagge ...
Download Hintergrund Tschechien, Satin, Flagge ...
Starbucks Coffee Japan
Starbucks Coffee Japan

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Czech Republic Wiki

The Czech Republic ( (listen); Czech: Česká republika [ˈtʃɛskaː ˈrɛpublɪka] (listen)), also known by its short-form name, Czechia ( (listen); Czech: Česko [ˈtʃɛsko] (listen)), is a landlocked country in Central Europe bordered by Germany to the west, Austria to the south, Slovakia to the east and Poland to the northeast. The Czech Republic covers an area of 78,866 square kilometres (30,450 sq mi) with a mostly temperate continental climate and oceanic climate. It is a unitary parliamentary republic, with 10.6 million inhabitants; its capital and largest city is Prague, with 1.3 million residents. Other major cities are Brno, Ostrava and Pilsen. The Czech Republic is a member of the European Union (EU), NATO, the OECD, the United Nations, the OSCE, and the Council of Europe.It is a developed country with an advanced, high income export-oriented social market economy based in services, manufacturing and innovation. The UNDP ranks the country 14th in inequality-adjusted human development. The Czech Republic is a welfare state with a "continental" European social model, a universal health care system, tuition-free university education and is ranked 14th in the Human Capital Index. It ranks as the 6th safest or most peaceful country and is one of the most non-religious countries in the world, while achieving strong performance in democratic governance.The Czech Republic includes the historical territories of Bohemia, Moravia, and Czech Silesia. The Czech state was formed in the late 9th century as the Duchy of Bohemia under the Great Moravian Empire. After the fall of the Empire in 907, the centre of power transferred from Moravia to Bohemia under the Přemyslid dynasty. In 1002, the duchy was formally recognized as part of the Holy Roman Empire, becoming the Kingdom of Bohemia in 1198 and reaching its greatest territorial extent in the 14th century. Besides Bohemia itself, the king of Bohemia ruled the lands of the Bohemian Crown, he had a vote in the election of the Holy Roman Emperor, and Prague was the imperial seat in periods between the 14th and 17th century. In the Hussite Wars of the 15th century driven by the Protestant Bohemian Reformation, the kingdom faced economic embargoes and defeated five consecutive crusades proclaimed by the leaders of the Catholic Church.Following the Battle of Mohács in 1526, the whole Crown of Bohemia was gradually integrated into the Habsburg Monarchy alongside the Archduchy of Austria and the Kingdom of Hungary. The Protestant Bohemian Revolt (1618–20) against the Catholic Habsburgs led to the Thirty Years' War. After the Battle of the White Mountain, the Habsburgs consolidated their rule, eradicated Protestantism and reimposed Catholicism, and also adopted a policy of gradual Germanization. This contributed to the anti-Habsburg sentiment. A long history of resentment of the Catholic Church followed and still continues. With the dissolution of the Holy Roman Empire in 1806, the Bohemian Kingdom became part of the Austrian Empire and the Czech language experienced a revival as a consequence of widespread romantic nationalism. In the 19th century, the Czech lands became the industrial powerhouse of the monarchy and were subsequently the core of the Republic of Czechoslovakia, which was formed in 1918 following the collapse of the Austro-Hungarian Empire after World War I.Czechoslovakia remained the only democracy in this part of Europe in the interwar period. However, the Czech part of Czechoslovakia was occupied by Germany in World War II, while the Slovak region became the Slovak Republic; Czechoslovakia was liberated in 1945 by the armies of the Soviet Union and the United States. The Czech country lost the majority of its German-speaking inhabitants after they were expelled following the war. The Communist Party of Czechoslovakia won the 1946 elections and after the 1948 coup d'état, Czechoslovakia became a one-party communist state under Soviet influence. In 1968, increasing dissatisfaction with the regime culminated in a reform movement known as the Prague Spring, which ended in a Soviet-led invasion. Czechoslovakia remained occupied until the 1989 Velvet Revolution, when the communist regime collapsed and market economy was reintroduced. On 1 January 1993, Czechoslovakia peacefully dissolved, with its constituent states becoming the independent states of the Czech Republic and Slovakia. The Czech Republic joined NATO in 1999 and the EU in 2004.