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Comoros NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Thu, 13 Dec 2018 07:22:11 GMTGoogle News
Comoros approach Caf seeking Cameroon's disqualification from Afcon 2019  Goal.com

Comoros have turned to Caf Statutes seeking Cameroon's expulsion from the 2019 Afcon qualification after the Central Africans lost hosting rights.

Comoros lawmakers defeat move giving president full powers before elections  EWN

Assoumani's attempt to extend limits on presidential terms and run in polls expected in early 2019 has provoked clashes on the archipelago's Anjouan island.

Tullow Acquires 35% Stake in Comoros PSC  OE Digital

The wheels of discovering and exploiting hydrocarbon resources offshore the Union of the Comoros, off Africa's east coast…

OE Digital
Comoros Coffee Has Brought Nitro and Cold Brew to Mascot  Broadsheet

Two coffee veterans have opened Comoros Coffee in a bright and airy space in rapidly evolving Mascot, bringing specialty brews to this south-eastern corner of ...

Ballon D'or vote from Comoros was falsified and fake  Calciomercato.com english news

A report from IlBianconero states that a journalist who had given his vote for the Ballon D'or doesn't exist and FIFA faked his name and his votes. The Ballon D'or ...

Calciomercato.com english news
Troubled Comoros turns to Geingob for help  The Southern Times

By Timo Shihepo. Windhoek – Barely three months after becoming a full member of the Southern African Development Community (SADC), the Comoro Islands ...

The Southern Times
Discover Exploration to farm out stake in offshore Comoros blocks to Tullow  Compelo

Discover Exploration has agreed to farm out a stake of 35% in its production sharing contract (PSC) covering three offshore blocks in Comoros to Tullow Oil.

COMOROS ISLANDS : Behind-the-scenes of Tullow Oil/Discover offshore deal  Africa Intelligence

While it had announced that it wished to focus its energy on its more profitable activities in Ghana and Kenya (AEI 828), the oil junior Tullow Oil has set sail for ...

Africa Intelligence
Tullow plans 3D shoot with 17 leads off Comoros  Upstream Online

Tullow Oil is hitting the seismic market as it gears up for a 3D survey off Comoros next year after recently hatching a deal to farm in to a trio of blocks that it sees ...

Upstream Online
AFCON 2019: Mali and Morocco qualify for Cameroon  BBC Sport

Morocco qualified for next year's Africa Cup of Nations without kicking a ball on Saturday while Mali won 1-0 in Gabon to progress. The Atlas Lions qualify with a ...

BBC Sport
Calima’s Stake In The Comoros Consolidated Into The Discover Exploration Ltd  Kalkine Media

On 3 December 2018, Calima Energy Limited (ASX: CE1) has stated via release that its stake in the Comoros which is held by it indirectly in an 8.5% holding in ...

Kalkine Media
Luka Modric’s Ballon d’Or prize in doubt amid claims journalist whose votes were counted ‘does not exist  The Sun

LUKA Modric's Ballon D'Or award has been shrouded in doubt after it was claimed a journalist whose votes were counted in nominations does not even exist.

The Sun
RVG confident of Malawi squad ahead of Comoros game  Nyasa Times

The Malawi national team coach, Ronny Van Gneugden (RVG), has said he is confident his team can do well against Comoros this Saturday in the 2019 Afcon ...

Nyasa Times
Tullow Oil Eyes Next Hot Spot, Gears Up For Guyana Probe  E&P

Tullow positions itself offshore Comoros, a potential future oil and gas hot spot, as it prepares to drill offshore Guyana next year.

US designates Boko Haram ‘entity of particular concern’  The Punch

The United States has announced the designation of the Boko Haram terrorist group as an entity “of particular concern”. The US Secretary of Stat...

The Punch
Report: Doubts Emerge Over Journalist Abdou Boina in Ballon d'Or Voting  Bleacher Report

This year's Ballon d'Or awards ceremony continues to cause controversy after a report has called into question the credibility of one journalist who took part in ...

Bleacher Report
US downgrades Pakistan in religious freedom rankings  MyArkLaMiss

WASHINGTON (AP) - The Trump administration on Tuesday placed Pakistan on its annual list of worst offenders for nations that infringe on religious freedom.

SADC is not a safe haven for unpatriotic presidents  The Southern Times

The Southern African Development Community (SADC) should revoke the Island of Comoros' membership with it, until such a time that its leaders respect the ...

The Southern Times
Libya's Al-Ittihad sees qualification for Confederation Cup in hand after 8-0 victory over Comoros's Miracle Bandran  The Libya Observer

Al-Ittihad club of Tripoli has edged closer to CAF Confederation Cup after crushing their host Miracle Bandran of the Comoros 8-0 in the first leg of the ...

The Libya Observer
Another power grab in the Comoros  The Economist

ON AVERAGE, someone attempts a coup in the Comoros every two years. The impoverished country, consisting of three Indian Ocean islands and 800000 ...

The Economist
Jolt in Mayotte serves to remind that 'seismic swarm' continues  Africa Times

It was just one week ago that France's Bureau de Recherches Géologiques et Minières (BRGM), the geological agency for Mayotte, issued an updated report on ...

Africa Times
Comoros authorities sign pact to end standoff on island  Reuters

Five days of clashes between protesters and police in Comoros' Anjouan island have subsided after the national government, local authorities and the Anjouan ...

Trump Administration Condemns Russia, China for Religious Freedom Violations Amid Treatment of Jehovah’s Witnesses, Uighur Muslims  Newsweek

In far too many places across the globe, individuals continue to face harassment, arrests, or even death for simply living their lives in accordance with their ...

Comoros: Civilians flee strife-torn city on Anjouan island  Al Jazeera English

Security forces in Comoros have intensified their crackdown against anti-government protesters on the island of Anjouan, with witnesses reporting heavy gunfire ...

Al Jazeera English
Minister: Comoros Army Regains Control in Anjouan  VOA News

The Comoros military Saturday regained control of Mutsamudu's old city center on the island of Anjouan, a minister told AFP, after armed rebels staged an ...

VOA News
Mauritania qualifies in another African Cup surprise  The News Tribune

Mauritania qualifies for its 1st major tournament in another African Cup of Nations surprise.

The News Tribune
Renewed clashes rock Comoros island  TimesLIVE

Government forces and opponents of president Azali Assoumani exchanged gunfire on the Comoros island of Anjouan on Tuesday, said residents of the main ...

African Stars gain valuable lessons from Caf clash  Namibian

WINDHOEK – African Stars Executive Director Solomo Hei said their recent trip to the Comoros Island was a huge learning curve in terms of administration and ...

Libya's Al Ittihad enjoy record away-win in African Confederation Cup  BBC Sport

Libya's Al Ittihad scored eight second-half goals to beat Miracle Bandran of the Comoros 8-0 in the first leg of their African Confederation Cup preliminary round ...

BBC Sport
Troops kill two amid unrest in Comoros over constitutional change  Reuters

Troops shot dead two "criminals" in clashes on Comoros' Anjouan island on Wednesday, a government official said, amid a wave of unrest against constitutional ...

Malawi's Barcelona lost to France, says Walter Nyamilandu | Malawi 24 - Malawi news  Malawi24

Sore loser Football Association of Malawi President, Walter Nyamilandu, says Malawi National Team which he had dubbed Barcelona has lost to France and ...

ICC prosecutor ordered to reexamine Gaza flotilla incident — for the third time  The Times of Israel

Israeli official fumes over court's repeated 'exploitation for political ends,' as judges reject Fatou Bensouda's decision to close case after five years.

The Times of Israel
Protesters, soldiers clash in Comoros over presidential term extension  Reuters

MORONI (Reuters) - Protesters barricaded roads with tree trunks, stoned cars and clashed with soldiers in the Indian Ocean island nation of Comoros on ...

Mule - PASSPORTS TO RICHES: Semlex's dubious dealings with African governments  The Elephant

The Democratic Republic of Congo, one of the poorest countries in the world has one of the most expensive passports and Comoros issues diplomatic passports ...

The Elephant
Comoros displays captured 'rebel' arsenal  News24

Officials in Comoros have displayed weapons and ammunition allegedly recovered by security forces from rebel fighters who besieged part of Anjouan island's ...

Comoros heads into violence-tarred referendum on constitution  News24

Voters in the Comoros go to the polls on Monday for a politically explosive referendum overshadowed by a clampdown and an attempted assassination just ...

Polls close in Comoros referendum on presidential powers  Al Jazeera English

Votes are being counted in Comoros' highly controversial referendum that could replace the current system of rotating power between islands and extend the ...

Al Jazeera English
Comoros opposition sign government deal after clashes  News24

The Comoros government and main opposition have signed a deal that could end the latest bout of instability to rock the Indian Ocean nation after violence ...

Comoros protests to re-claim French Island, Mayotte  africanews

Earlier in March the Indian Ocean Island of Mayotte which an overseas French territory was hit by a wave of social protests by its residents against insecurity and ...

A Mysterious Seismic Wave Recently Shook Earth, And Scientists Can't Explain It  ScienceAlert

Scientists are at a loss to explain a strange seismic event that shook the planet on November 11 and was picked up by earthquake sensors stationed across the ...

Comorean Football Reporter Who Voted for Modric Does Not Actually Exist  Morocco World News

Rabat – After Luka Modric won football's most prestigious individual award on Monday, several football media outlets reported that the votes had been ...

Morocco World News
FROM THE FIELD: Comoros farmers battle climate change  UN News

Farmers in the Comoros islands are learning, with the support of the UN, to adapt to dramatic shifts in the climate which have contributed to the deterioration of ...

UN News
Controversial vote on presidential powers passes in Comoros  Al Jazeera English

Comorans have voted overwhelmingly in favour of controversial constitutional reforms that will allow President Azali Assoumani to seek another term, according ...

Al Jazeera English
Comoros island governor arrested after rebellion  News24

The governor of the Comoros island of Anjouan has been arrested for alleged involvement in last week's anti-government uprising when troops clashed with ...

Ex-Comoros president charged with graft in connection to passports scheme  Reuters

Comoros ex-president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi has been formally charged with corruption and embezzling public funds in connection with a scheme ...

Seven men to stand trial for brutal murder of two Emiratis  The National

The deadly attack happened in January as defendants clashed with the pair near a busy road.

The National
Comoros hits back against France over visa suspension  Reuters

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros hit back against France on Wednesday for suspending visas for its citizens, a further escalation in a diplomatic row linked to ...

Comoros row with France intensifies as turmoil brews at home  African Arguments

The long-running dispute over the island of Mayotte has deepened recently. Could developments afoot in the Comoros change anything? A billboard in Moroni, ...

African Arguments
Police rescue 169 foreigners, traffickers at large  Standard Digital

The first group of 79 was rescued from a house in Mlango Kubwa area, Nairobi.

Standard Digital
Comoros to hold referendum on presidential term limits on July 30  Reuters

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros will hold a constitutional referendum on July 30 on presidential term limits that could result in the next vote behind held two ...

Here’s What You Need to Know About Comoros  Africa.com

Officially the Union of Comoros, Comoros is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is located off eastern Africa's coast. It sits on the northern end of the ...

Crackdown on Comoros opposition after referendum boycott  News24

Authorities in the Comoros have launched a crackdown on opposition members following a controversial referendum which they boycotted, party sources have ...

The Comoros at a glance  News24

One of the world's poorest countries, the Indian Ocean island nation of the Comoros has endured years of political turmoil, including a spate of coups.

Outspoken Comoros VP stripped of key duties  News24

The vice president of the Comoros, who recently denounced President Azali Assoumani's plans for a constitutional referendum as "illegal", has been stripped of ...

ISS Today: Comoros clambers aboard SADC with some messy...  Daily Maverick

With SADC's poor record of instilling democracy in member states, can it help stabilise Comoros? By Peter Fabricius for ISS TODAY.

Daily Maverick
Authoritarianism in Comoros Is Resurgent  Council on Foreign Relations

Earlier this month, protests against Comoran President Azali Assoumani turned violent, as armed protesters squared off against the military in the old town of ...

Council on Foreign Relations
Comoros seeks to arrest ex-VP who opposed president's term limit move  Reuters

MORONI (Reuters) - Prosecutors in Comoros have issued an international arrest warrant for former vice president Jaffar Ahmed Said Hassani on charges of ...

Comoros president crackdowns on July's referendum opponents [The Morning Call]  africanews

Comoros issues international arrest warrant for outspoken former vice president as authorities crackdown on figures who opposed July's controversial ...

Comoros Issues Arrest Warrant for Outspoken ex-VP  VOA News

The warrant was issued on Friday when the state security court formally charged Hassani in absentia with conspiring against the state.

VOA News
Comoros leader says wins vote to extend presidential term limits  Reuters

Comoros President Azali Assoumani has won a referendum to extend presidential term limits and end a system of rotating power among the archipelago's three ...

Comoros Travel Guide  Africa.com

Nothing says adventure quite like Comoros. This little-known outpost (pronounced “Co-MORE-oh”; the s is silent) in the Mozambique Channel teems with wildlife ...

Comoros leader visits recaptured Anjouan island  Business Day

Comoros President Azali Assoumani on Tuesday visited areas of Anjouan island that security forces recaptured from rebels after clashes last week in which at ...

Business Day
Flameless: RVG's men out of 2019 AFCON qualifiers | Malawi 24 - Malawi news  Malawi24

The Island proved too difficult for Malawi as they lost 2-1 to Comoros Island to officially end their 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualifying hopes. As.

False start for Seedorf as Comoros hold Cameroon  Daily Nation

The African champions Cameroon are ranked 47th in the world, 102 places above Comoros.

Daily Nation
Yes vote in Comoros referendum gives president more power  DW (English)

The yes vote in a referendum on changing the constitution was 92.74 percent, with a voter turnout of 63,9 percent, the head of the Election Commission said.

DW (English)
Comoros prosecutor accuses arrested opponents of planning a coup  News24

Authorities in the Comoros have accused eight people, arrested last week following a controversial referendum boycotted by the opposition, of trying to organise ...

Fresh crisis in the Comoros | News | Africa  Mail and Guardian

The archipelago's President Azali Assoumani has been following the playbook of leaders who intend to stay past their sell-by date. (Tony Karumba/AFP).

Mail and Guardian
Comoros to join SADC in August  News24

The Indian Ocean archipelago of the Comoros has announced it would join southern Africa's regional bloc in August, saying the French-speaking country sought ...

Comoros: prosecutor accuses 8 persons arrested last week of 'attempted coup'  africanews

Prosecutor of the Republic of the Comoros has accused eight people who were arrested last week, of an attempted coup and wanting to commit “a terrorist act”.

When the rain comes: fighting climate change with forecasting in the Comoros  UN Environment

How improved weather forecasting and observation is helping the Comoros face a changing climate.

UN Environment
Comoros president eyes controversial second term  eNCA

Former coup leader Azali Assoumani was narrowly elected president of the Comoros archipelago islands. MORONI - Comoros President Azali Assoumani is ...

Political crisis deepens in Comoros over controversial president  Capital FM Kenya

Moroni, Comoros, May 26 - The Comoros islands boasts dramatic volcanic landscapes, ylang-ylang essential oils and picture-perfect beaches, but beneath ...

Capital FM Kenya
Comoros slates July 30 for referendum on presidential terms  africanews

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros will hold a constitutional referendum on July 30 on presidential term limits that could result in the next vote behind held two ...

Ex-Comoros President Sambi will still remain in detention- Prosecutor  africanews

Prosecutor of the Republic of Comoros has said former Comorian President Ahmed Abdallah Sambi who was charged for alleged passport fraud last week will ...

Africa Cup of Nations qualifying wrap  KickOff.com

Uganda and Mali became the next two nations to qualify for the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations.

CAF – Cameroon will not be disqualified from 2019 AFCON  Brila

CAF has clarified its position noting that the Indomitable Lions of Cameroon will not be barred from the upcoming African Cup of Nations tournament.

WATCH: Unlucky Comoros surrender to Morocco  Goal.com

Fayçal Fajr's late minute penalty handed the Atlas Lions a vital home win over the visitors at the Stade Mohammed V, Casablanca.

IMO Training on Managing Security in Djibouti  MarineLink

International Maritime Organization (IMO) is providing training to countries in the west Indian Ocean and Gulf of Aden on…

Comoros President appoints new govt a month after referendum  africanews

Comoros President Azali Assoumani has appointed a new government, a month after a referendum win which will allow him to extend his reign as leader of the ...

Comoros ex-president says innocent of charges against him on passports scheme  Channel NewsAsia

Former Comoros president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi rejects charges of corruption and embezzling public funds in connection with a scheme to ...

Channel NewsAsia
Comoros: Street Clashes Over Presidential Term Extension  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Protesters barricaded roads with tree trunks and clashed with soldiers in Comoros Monday as they demonstrated against President Azali Assoumani's attempt to ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
US cuts aid to Belize over Human Trafficking Tier 3 ranking  Breaking Belize News

United States President Donald Trump issued a Presidential Memorandum yesterday to the Secretary of State listing Belize as one of numerous countries to be ...

Breaking Belize News
Red Star Belgrade's Ben Mohamed hits brace as Comoros hold Morocco  Goal.com

Red Star Belgrade's attacker El-Fardou Ben Mohamed got a brace to help Comoros to a 2-2 draw with Morocco in Tuesday's Group B African Cup of Nations ...

Deputy army chief held in Comoros over anti-regime plot  News24

The Comoran army's deputy chief-of-staff has been arrested in connection with an alleged "conspiracy" against President Azali Assoumani, his family has told ...

Why Comoros' Constitutional Referendum Could Herald a New Era of Instability  World Politics Review

On July 30, Comoros passed a referendum to revise its constitution. Among other changes, the referendum extended presidential term limits and abolished a ...

World Politics Review
From Yoni's Desk: The International Criminal Court's Israel obsession  Canadian Jewish News

In May 2013, the International Criminal Court (ICC) opened a case against Israel. Three years earlier, Israeli soldiers had boarded the Mavi Marmara, part of the ...

Canadian Jewish News
Comoros president suspends constitutional court  News24

The president of the Comoros has suspended the Constitutional Court, the highest court in the country, in a move immediately denounced by the opposition in ...

Comoros Ex-Leader Held Over Passport Sales Demands Lawyer Access  Bloomberg

Former Comoros President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi appealed to the Supreme Court to be granted unrestricted access to his lawyer to defend himself ...

Comoros opposition leader jailed for 6 months for demos  eNCA

President Assoumani took office in 2016 but wants to hold a *fresh* vote next year, so that he can remain in power beyond 2021 when his currently non-renewable ...

Morocco edge Comoros 1-0 in Africa Cup of Nations qualifier - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

RABAT, Oct. 13 (Xinhua) -- Morocco defeated Comoros 1-0 in their 2019 Africa Cup of Nations qualifier in Casablanca Saturday night. At complex Mohammed V, ...

Comoros: 3 opposition leaders arrested during anti-referendum protest  africanews

Leaders of three opposition parties were arrested by police on Friday in Moroni, Comoros during a protest denouncing the constitutional referendum scheduled ...

“Where there used to be so much there is so little”: the challenge of climate change in the Comoros - Comoros  ReliefWeb

As 63-year-old farmer Mahmoud Hamidoune shelters from the rain hammering down on the peaks of the southern tip of Anjouan island in the Comoros, ...

Comoros vice-president survives assassination attempt  eNCA

File: Comoros opposition supporters and members demonstrate in the streets of Moroni against the Constitutional referendum on July 13, 2018 in Moroni, ...

Geologists Joke About 'Sea Monster' After Mysterious 30-Minute Rumble Emanates from Waters Near Madagascar  Gizmodo

Between Mozambique and Madagascar lies the island of Mayotte. Since May 10, the French Geological Survey has been keeping an eye on a collection of ...

Congo Brazzaville submit surprise bid to host 2019 Afcon tournament  Goal.com

Congo Brazzaville have emerged as surprise candidates to host the expanded 24-team 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon) tournament.

France and Comoros agree to end migration row  Reuters

MORONI (Reuters) - France and the Indian Ocean state of Comoros have agreed to resolve a row linked to immigration and territorial disputes, they said on ...

Comoros Asks Tanzania to Extradite Ex-Vice President Over Plot  Bloomberg

Comoros asked Tanzania to extradite a former vice president wanted for questioning over an alleged coup plot, the Indian Ocean archipelago's state prosecutor ...

Comoros opposition rallies against referendum  Seychelles News Agency

The Comoros opposition on Saturday demanded the "re-establishment of democratic institutions" in protest at a planned July referendum on constitutional ...

Seychelles News Agency
Comoros: Statement By the Chairperson of the Commission On the Situation in Comoros  AllAfrica.com

Press Release - Addis Ababa, 16 October 2018: The Chairperson of the African Union Commission, Moussa Faki Mahamat, deplores the suspension, since 2 ...

Comoros govt refuses to bow to France in visa row over Mayotte  africanews

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros hit back against France last Wednesday for suspending visas for its citizens, a further escalation in a diplomatic row linked to ...


Comoros Videos

Geography Now! Comoros
Geography Now! Comoros
What is COMOROS?!
What is COMOROS?!
Island stories: Anjouan, Comoros Islands - BBC News
Island stories: Anjouan, Comoros Islands - BBC News
A glimpse of Comoros.
A glimpse of Comoros.
Comoros: The Grand Marriage - Al Jazeera World
Comoros: The Grand Marriage - Al Jazeera World
The Comoros - East Africa's Island Paradise
The Comoros - East Africa's Island Paradise
Exploring Grande Comore (Comoros Vlog #1)
Exploring Grande Comore (Comoros Vlog #1)
A Tourists Guide to Moroni, Comoros!
A Tourists Guide to Moroni, Comoros!
Troubled Waters: Comoros
Troubled Waters: Comoros
African Union-backed forces arrive in the Comoros Island
African Union-backed forces arrive in the Comoros Island

Comoros Images

Atacama Desert. Meet, Discover and Explore in Depth
Atacama Desert. Meet, Discover and Explore in Depth
Autobus Sicilia Napoli - Roma, tutti gli orari ...
Autobus Sicilia Napoli - Roma, tutti gli orari ...
Sherlock Holmes Museum
Sherlock Holmes Museum
Austria (Ranked 15th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
Austria (Ranked 15th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
5 Steps to an Effective Content Strategy for Your Nonprofit
5 Steps to an Effective Content Strategy for Your Nonprofit
Dubai Miracle Garden | Dronestagram
Dubai Miracle Garden | Dronestagram
Capri Blue Boats on Capri. Explore the most beautiful ...
Capri Blue Boats on Capri. Explore the most beautiful ...
File:North West England in England.svg - Wikimedia Commons
File:North West England in England.svg - Wikimedia Commons
Gustav Klimt the Kiss Wall Mural | MuralsWallpaper.co.uk
Gustav Klimt the Kiss Wall Mural | MuralsWallpaper.co.uk
CDJapan : Walkure Attack! [Regular Edition] WALKURE CD Album
CDJapan : Walkure Attack! [Regular Edition] WALKURE CD Album

Comoros WebSites


Comoros Wiki

The Comoros ( (listen); Arabic: جزر القمر‎, Juzur al-Qumur / Qamar), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, French: Union des Comores, Arabic: الاتحاد القمري‎ al-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī / Qamarī), is an island country in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique, the French region of Mayotte and northwestern Madagascar. The capital and largest city in Comoros is Moroni. The religion of the majority of the population is Sunni Islam.At 1,660 km2 (640 sq mi), excluding the contested island of Mayotte, the Comoros is the third-smallest African nation by area. The population, excluding Mayotte, is estimated at 795,601. As a nation formed at a crossroads of different civilisations, the archipelago is noted for its diverse culture and history. The archipelago was first inhabited by Bantu speakers who came from East Africa, supplemented by Arab and Austronesian immigration.The sovereign state is an archipelago consisting of three major islands and numerous smaller islands, all in the volcanic Comoro Islands. The major islands are commonly known by their French names: northwestern-most Grande Comore (Ngazidja); Mohéli (Mwali); and Anjouan (Nzwani). In addition, the country has a claim on a fourth major island, southeastern-most Mayotte (Maore), though Mayotte voted against independence from France in 1974, has never been administered by an independent Comoros government, and continues to be administered by France (currently as an overseas department). France has vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions that would affirm Comorian sovereignty over the island. In addition, Mayotte became an overseas department and a region of France in 2011 following a referendum passed overwhelmingly.It became part of the French colonial empire in the end of 19th century before becoming independent in 1975. Since declaring independence, the country has experienced more than 20 coups d'état or attempted coups, with various heads of state assassinated. Along with this constant political instability, the population of the Comoros lives with the worst income inequality of any nation, with a Gini coefficient over 60%, while also ranking in the worst quartile on the Human Development Index. As of 2008 about half the population lived below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. The French insular region of Mayotte, which is the much prosperous territory in the Mozambique Channel, is the major destination for Comorian illegal migrants who flee their country. The Comoros is a member state of the African Union, Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Arab League (of which it is the southernmost state, being the only member state of the Arab League with a tropical climate and also entirely within the Southern Hemisphere) and the Indian Ocean Commission. Other countries near the Comoros are Tanzania to the northwest and the Seychelles to the northeast. Its capital is Moroni, on Grande Comore. The Union of the Comoros has three official languages—Comorian, Arabic and French.