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Comoros NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Sat, 16 Feb 2019 03:12:43 GMTGoogle News
Abu Dhabi Fund Earmarks Dh184m for Development Projects in Comoros  Business Wire

ABU DHABI, United Arab Emirates--(BUSINESS WIRE)--The Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) today formalized a Memorandum of Understanding ...

Business Wire
Comoros Blocks Opposition Candidate From Presidential Elections  Bloomberg

Comoros blocked the main opposition party's presidential candidate from participating in the archipelago's election next month, citing invalid paperwork.

Bloomberg
Comoros leader stirs anger by questioning outcry over Khashoggi killing  EWN

The Saudi ambassador to Comoros, Hamad Ben Muhammad Alhajiri, was present at the function and made no comment on Assoumani's remarks.

EWN
Two journalists critical of the President arrested in the Comoros  African Daily Voice

NEWSROOM (ADV) – Two radio journalists critical of Comoros President Azali Assoumani were arrested and jailed after being brought before a judge, their ...

African Daily Voice
Comoros: The tiny islands spearheading the fight against climate  The New Arab

Analysis: The Comoros' embrace of the environmental movement can act as a model not only for other island countries but also the rest of the Arab world, writes ...

The New Arab
Comoros - Q&A - Excerpts from the daily press briefing (24.01.19)  France Diplomatie

Q – President Azali is currently in Paris. Has he come to sign the France-Comoros Partnership Framework Document? A – President Azali is in France (…)

France Diplomatie
Comoros file appeal with CAS seeking Cameroon disqualification from Afcon 2019  Goal.com

The Comoros Football Federation (Ffc) first approached Caf last month seeking Cameroon's expulsion from the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (Afcon).

Goal.com
Political tensions dent Comoros energy ambitions  Petroleum Economist

The Comoros has been called "the Perfume Islands" for centuries due to its success at cultivating the rare ylang-ylang essential oil, but exploration activity ...

Petroleum Economist
Comoros President Steps Down To Seek Re-Election – World News – African News Network | Latest African News | Nigerian News | Breaking News  African News Network

Comoros President Steps Down To Seek Re-Election –

African News Network
Comoros : the opposition speaks of an electoral hold-up  African Daily Voice

NEWSROOM (ADV) – “Hold-up”, “forfeit”, “twisted blow” … The elimination by justice of the two main opponents of the head of state Azali Assoumani of the ...

African Daily Voice
Abu Dhabi fund earmarks Dh184m for Comoros projects  gulfnews.com

Abu Dhabi: The Abu Dhabi Fund for Development (ADFD) on Thursday signed a Memorandum of Understanding (MoU) with Comoros, offering Dh184 million to ...

gulfnews.com
Leader of Comoros Seeks New Term After Rules Changed  Bloomberg

Comoros President Azali Assoumani is among 20 candidates registered for March 24 elections after changes to the Indian Ocean archipelago's constitution ...

Bloomberg
Africa Cup of Nations: Comoros lodge Cameroon complaint  BBC Sport

The Comoros Football Federation lodges a case at the Court of Arbitration for Sport over Cameroon's participation at the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations.

BBC Sport
Comoros want Cameroon locked out of 2019 Afcon  The East African

The Comoros Football Federation (FFC) has lodged a case at the Court of Arbitration for Sport (Cas) over Cameroon's participation at the 2019 Africa Cup of ...

The East African
Comoros leader denies persecuting opponents ahead of vote  Saudi Gazette

PARIS —Comoros President Azali Assoumani has denied targeting his opponents in the run-up to March elections, calling the detention of numerous opposition ...

Saudi Gazette
Namibia's Brave Warriors to face Comoros in 2020 CHAN qualifier - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

WINDHOEK, Jan. 31 (Xinhua) -- The 2018 African Nations Championship (CHAN) quarterfinalist, the Brave Warriors will face Comoros in their quest to qualify ...

Xinhua
Brave Warriors get Comoros Chan repeat  Namibian

THE Brave Warriors will have to overcome the Comoros Island again in their quest to qualify for the 2020 African Nations Championship.

Namibian
Zimbabwe ratifies global nuclear treaty  The New Times

Countries on the continent that are yet to ratify the treaty include the Comoros, Equatorial Guinea, the Gambia and Sao Tome and Principe, while Mauritius, ...

The New Times
Abu Dhabi signs $50mn memorandum of understanding to fund projects in Comoros | Leadership  Business Chief Middle East

This week the Abu Dhabi Fund for Development announced the formalization of a Memorandum of Understanding with the government of the Comoros.

Business Chief Middle East
Elections in Comoros set for March: presidential decree  News24

Elections in the Indian Ocean island nation of the Comoros will take place in March, according to a presidential decree published on Monday.

News24
Another power grab in the Comoros  The Economist

ON AVERAGE, someone attempts a coup in the Comoros every two years. The impoverished country, consisting of three Indian Ocean islands and 800000 ...

The Economist
Comoros court jails another 20 opposition figures  News24

A court in Comoros has sentenced a top opposition figure to seven years behind bars for assault during a controversial referendum on changes to the ...

News24
The emerging dictatorship in Comoros threatens civil society  Independent Online

The Comoros is currently facing its most intense political crisis, after 15 years of relative stability and peace. Despite an intervention and issue of recommended ...

Independent Online
Street Clashes in Comoros Over Presidential Term Extension  VOA News

Witnesses reported hearing gunfire and seeing security forces dismantle the barricades on Anjouan island, according to the French news agency.

VOA News
Comoros coach Amir Abdou extends contract  BBC Sport

Comoros coach Amir Abdou extends his contract for six month initially with the option of a further two years.

BBC Sport
Comoros: life returns to normalcy as residents decry lack of water, electricity  africanews

Life is returning to normalcy in the Comoros following scenes of explosion and gunfire on Monday according to witnesses. On Thursday, October 18, residents of ...

africanews
Minister: Comoros Army Regains Control in Anjouan  VOA News

The Comoros military Saturday regained control of Mutsamudu's old city center on the island of Anjouan, a minister told AFP, after armed rebels staged an ...

VOA News
Renewed clashes rock Comoros island  TimesLIVE

Government forces and opponents of president Azali Assoumani exchanged gunfire on the Comoros island of Anjouan on Tuesday, said residents of the main ...

TimesLIVE
Troops kill two amid unrest in Comoros over constitutional change  Reuters

Troops shot dead two "criminals" in clashes on Comoros' Anjouan island on Wednesday, a government official said, amid a wave of unrest against constitutional ...

Reuters
How Comoros' Authoritarian President Capitalized on a Migration Row With France  World Politics Review

France and Comoros recently resolved a migration dispute that had severely strained their relationship. For Azali Assoumani, the president of Comoros, the ...

World Politics Review
Senior Comoros opposition figures handed life sentences  News24

The security court in Comoros has handed down life sentences with hard labour to four senior opposition figures and lengthy jail terms to several others for ...

News24
Comoros opposition leaders sentenced to life with hard labour  The New Arab

Fears of growing authoritarianism in the Comoros Islands have re-emerged after opposition leaders were given harsh sentences.

The New Arab
Authoritarianism in Comoros Is Resurgent  Council on Foreign Relations

Earlier this month, protests against Comoran President Azali Assoumani turned violent, as armed protesters squared off against the military in the old town of ...

Council on Foreign Relations
Comoros lawmakers defeat move giving president full powers before elections  EWN

Assoumani's attempt to extend limits on presidential terms and run in polls expected in early 2019 has provoked clashes on the archipelago's Anjouan island.

EWN
FROM THE FIELD: Comoros farmers battle climate change  UN News

Farmers in the Comoros islands are learning, with the support of the UN, to adapt to dramatic shifts in the climate which have contributed to the deterioration of ...

UN News
Polls close in Comoros referendum on presidential powers  Al Jazeera English

Opposition leaders called for a boycott of the vote, which critics say is a power grab by President Azali Assoumani.

Al Jazeera English
Comoros island governor arrested after rebellion  News24

The governor of the Comoros island of Anjouan has been arrested for alleged involvement in last week's anti-government uprising when troops clashed with ...

News24
Comoros heads into violence-tarred referendum on constitution  News24

Voters in the Comoros go to the polls on Monday for a politically explosive referendum overshadowed by a clampdown and an attempted assassination just ...

News24
The Comoros at a glance  News24

One of the world's poorest countries, the Indian Ocean island nation of the Comoros has endured years of political turmoil, including a spate of coups.

News24
Controversial vote on presidential powers passes in Comoros  Al Jazeera English

The result of the referendum, which was boycotted by the opposition, will allow President Azali Assoumani to run again.

Al Jazeera English
Comoros approach Caf seeking Cameroon's disqualification from Afcon 2019  Goal.com

Comoros have turned to Caf Statutes seeking Cameroon's expulsion from the 2019 Afcon qualification after the Central Africans lost hosting rights.

Goal.com
Ex-Comoros president charged with graft in connection to passports scheme  Reuters

Comoros ex-president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi has been formally charged with corruption and embezzling public funds in connection with a scheme ...

Reuters
Comoros seeks to arrest ex-VP who opposed president’s term limit move  EWN

Former vice-president Jaffar Ahmed Said Hassani openly opposed a referendum to extend presidential term limits held in June.

EWN
Comoros row with France intensifies as turmoil brews at home  African Arguments

The long-running dispute over the island of Mayotte has deepened recently. Could developments afoot in the Comoros change anything? A billboard in Moroni, ...

African Arguments
Fresh crisis in the Comoros | News | Africa  Mail and Guardian

The archipelago's President Azali Assoumani has been following the playbook of leaders who intend to stay past their sell-by date. (Tony Karumba/AFP).

Mail and Guardian
Comoros displays captured 'rebel' arsenal  News24

Officials in Comoros have displayed weapons and ammunition allegedly recovered by security forces from rebel fighters who besieged part of Anjouan island's ...

News24
Crackdown on Comoros opposition after referendum boycott  News24

Authorities in the Comoros have launched a crackdown on opposition members following a controversial referendum which they boycotted, party sources have ...

News24
Comoros hits back against France over visa suspension  Reuters

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros hit back against France on Wednesday for suspending visas for its citizens, a further escalation in a diplomatic row linked to ...

Reuters
Comoros leader says wins vote to extend presidential term limits  Reuters

Comoros President Azali Assoumani has won a referendum to extend presidential term limits and end a system of rotating power among the archipelago's three ...

Reuters
France and Comoros agree to end migration row  Reuters

MORONI (Reuters) - France and the Indian Ocean state of Comoros have agreed to resolve a row linked to immigration and territorial disputes, they said on ...

Reuters
Comoros leader visits recaptured Anjouan island  Business Day

The army regained control of the medina on Saturday following the latest bout of instability to rock the coup-prone Indian Ocean archipelago.

Business Day
ISS Today: Comoros clambers aboard SADC with some messy...  Daily Maverick

With SADC's poor record of instilling democracy in member states, can it help stabilise Comoros? By Peter Fabricius for ISS TODAY.

Daily Maverick
Here’s What You Need to Know About Comoros  Africa.com

Officially the Union of Comoros, Comoros is an island nation in the Indian Ocean. It is located off eastern Africa's coast. It sits on the northern end of the ...

Africa.com
Comoros to hold referendum on presidential term limits on July 30  Reuters

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros will hold a constitutional referendum on July 30 on presidential term limits that could result in the next vote behind held two ...

Reuters
Comoros protests to re-claim French Island, Mayotte  africanews

Thousands of people marched on Thursday in Moroni protesting that the neighbouring French island of Mayotte is part of Comoros. This comes at a time when ...

africanews
Comoros Issues Arrest Warrant for Outspoken ex-VP  VOA News

The warrant was issued on Friday when the state security court formally charged Hassani in absentia with conspiring against the state.

VOA News
Viewfinder: Processing Vanilla in the Comoros  Pacific Standard

Laborers process dried vanilla pods at the Vaniacom factory on July 29th, 2018, in Moroni, Comoros.

Pacific Standard
Comoros to join SADC in August  News24

The Indian Ocean archipelago of the Comoros has announced it would join southern Africa's regional bloc in August, saying the French-speaking country sought ...

News24
When the rain comes: fighting climate change with forecasting in the Comoros  UN Environment

How improved weather forecasting and observation is helping the Comoros face a changing climate.

UN Environment
Comoros prosecutor accuses arrested opponents of planning a coup  News24

Authorities in the Comoros have accused eight people, arrested last week following a controversial referendum boycotted by the opposition, of trying to organise ...

News24
Political crisis deepens in Comoros over controversial president  Capital FM Kenya

Moroni, Comoros, May 26 - The Comoros islands boasts dramatic volcanic landscapes, ylang-ylang essential oils and picture-perfect beaches, but beneath ...

Capital FM Kenya
Why Comoros' Constitutional Referendum Could Herald a New Era of Instability  World Politics Review

On July 30, Comoros passed a referendum to revise its constitution. Among other changes, the referendum extended presidential term limits and abolished a ...

World Politics Review
Outspoken Comoros VP stripped of key duties  News24

The vice president of the Comoros, who recently denounced President Azali Assoumani's plans for a constitutional referendum as "illegal", has been stripped of ...

News24
Comoros leader lauds Muslim World League's efforts in Africa  Arabnews

JEDDAH: Comoros President Azali Assoumani hosted a delegation from the Muslim World League (MWL) headed by Mohammed bin Abdul Karim Al-Issa, MWL ...

Arabnews
Yes vote in Comoros referendum gives president more power  DW (English)

The yes vote in a referendum on changing the constitution was 92.74 percent, with a voter turnout of 63,9 percent, the head of the Election Commission said.

DW (English)
False start for Seedorf as Comoros hold Cameroon  Daily Nation

The African champions Cameroon are ranked 47th in the world, 102 places above Comoros.

Daily Nation
Two killed in Comoros  defenceWeb

Troops shot and killed two “criminals” in clashes on Comoros' Anjouan island, a government official said, amid a wave of unrest against constitutional changes.

defenceWeb
The Comoros Archipelago and An Aged Tradition of Public Spaces  Ancient Origins

The Comoros is an archipelago of islands located off the East Coast of Africa in the Indian Ocean and north of Madagascar, and yet, one of the least known ...

Ancient Origins
Comoros Travel Guide  Africa.com

Nothing says adventure quite like Comoros. This little-known outpost (pronounced “Co-MORE-oh”; the s is silent) in the Mozambique Channel teems with wildlife ...

Africa.com
Deputy army chief held in Comoros over anti-regime plot  News24

The Comoran army's deputy chief-of-staff has been arrested in connection with an alleged "conspiracy" against President Azali Assoumani, his family has told ...

News24
Comoros opposition rallies against referendum  Seychelles News Agency

(AFP) - The Comoros opposition on Saturday demanded the "re-establishment of democratic institutions" in protest at a planned July referendum on ...

Seychelles News Agency
Comoros vice-president survives assassination attempt  The New Arab

Attackers fired on the vehicle of Comoros vice-president Moustoidrane Abdou early on Sunday, before shortly fleeing the scene of the failed assassination ...

The New Arab
Comoros president suspends constitutional court  News24

The president of the Comoros has suspended the Constitutional Court, the highest court in the country, in a move immediately denounced by the opposition in ...

News24
New climate resilient water project will ensure reliable water supplies for 450000 people in Comoros - Comoros  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Comoros about Agriculture, Climate Change and Environment, Children and more; published on 19 Oct 2018 by UNDP.

ReliefWeb
Red Star Belgrade's Ben Mohamed hits brace as Comoros hold Morocco  Goal.com

Red Star Belgrade's attacker El-Fardou Ben Mohamed got a brace to help Comoros to a 2-2 draw with Morocco in Tuesday's Group B African Cup of Nations ...

Goal.com
Comoros Asks Tanzania to Extradite Ex-Vice President Over Plot  Bloomberg

Comoros asked Tanzania to extradite a former vice president wanted for questioning over an alleged coup plot, the Indian Ocean archipelago's state prosecutor ...

Bloomberg
Comoros ex-president says innocent of charges against him on passports scheme  Channel NewsAsia

Former Comoros president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi rejects charges of corruption and embezzling public funds in connection with a scheme to ...

Channel NewsAsia
Comoros – Meeting between Jean-Yves Le Drian and his Comoros counterpart Mohamed El-Amine Souef (23.08.18)  France Diplomatie

The minister for Europe and foreign affairs received his Comoros counterpart, Mohamed El-Amine Souef, Minister of Foreign Affairs, International Cooperation ...

France Diplomatie
Comoros opposition leader jailed for 6 months for demos  eNCA

President Assoumani took office in 2016 but wants to hold a *fresh* vote next year, so that he can remain in power beyond 2021 when his currently non-renewable ...

eNCA
Tanzania: Trade Opportunities in Comoro Go Begging  AllAfrica.com

Tanzanian traders should explore business opportunities in the Comoros Islands as the existing bilateral trade is quite below its potential, the country's envoy to ...

AllAfrica.com
Comoros seek backdoor route to Nations Cup finals  SuperSport

The Comoros Islands want Cameroon to be totally disqualified from the 2019 African Nations Cup in the wake of their being stripped of the hosting of the ...

SuperSport
Comoros slates July 30 for referendum on presidential terms  africanews

The Indian Ocean state of Comoros will hold a constitutional referendum on July 30 on presidential term limits that could result in the next vote behind held two ...

africanews
Comoros provided passports to Iran  Voltaire Network

At the request of the US Government, the Union of the Comoros (a country commonly known as the Comoro Islands) has just cancelled 155 passports. Most of ...

Voltaire Network
Comoros Islands and the secret and subversive Iranian connection  Arab News

LONDON/NAIROBI: In January, the Comoros Islands quietly canceled a batch of its passports that foreigners had bought in recent years. The tiny nation off the ...

Arab News
Exclusive: Comoros passport scheme was unlawful, abused by 'mafia' networks - report  Reuters

A programme to sell Comoros Islands citizenship to fund development resulted in thousands of passports being sold outside official channels via "mafia" ...

Reuters
Comoros: Preparedness for Plague outbreak Emergency Plan of Action DREF n° MDRKM006 Final Report - Comoros  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Comoros about Health and Epidemic; published on 22 Jun 2018 by IFRC.

ReliefWeb
Comoros ex-president under house arrest after probe of passport scheme  Reuters

Comoros has put former President Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi under house arrest just days after he was questioned over his role in a scheme to sell ...

Reuters
Abdullah received by Comoros president  gulfnews.com

Moroni, Comoros: Comoros President Azali Assoumani has received Shaikh Abdullah Bin Zayed Al Nahyan, Minister of Foreign Affairs and International ...

gulfnews.com
Comoros: Street Clashes Over Presidential Term Extension  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Protesters barricaded roads with tree trunks and clashed with soldiers in Comoros Monday as they demonstrated against President Azali Assoumani's attempt to ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Saudi Arabia offers Comoros $22m to finance water, road projects  eNCA

MORONI - Saudi Arabia has signed agreements with Comoros worth $22-million(R300.91-million) to help finance water and road infrastructure in the poor ...

eNCA
As sanctions bit, Iranian executives bought African passports  Reuters

In recent years, numerous Iranians have bought passports from the Comoros Islands, a small nation between Mozambique and Madagascar. U.S. and Comoros ...

Reuters
Xinhua Headlines: Hunting down malaria in Comoros -- another China-Africa story - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

by Xinhua writers Yao Yuan and Wen Hao. NAIROBI, April 24 (Xinhua) -- Comoros, a small African country located in the Indian Ocean, is pursuing a total ...

Xinhua
Q&A: Comoros Power Grab Rejected by Opposition, Amid Pleas for International Intervention  Inter Press Service

BULAWAYO, Zimbabwe, Aug 23 2018 (IPS) - President Azali Assoumani of the Comoros Islands is tightening his grip on power. First, he insisted on holding a ...

Inter Press Service
EU withholds support to Comoros over political crisis  Africa Feeds

The European Union has announced a decision to withhold assistance to Comoros due to ongoing political crisis. Comoros has been in turmoil as President ...

Africa Feeds
RVG unsuccessful Malawi Afcon campaign: Final dream shuttered with loss to Comoros  Nyasa Times

Malawi senior national team 2-019 African Cup of Nations finals qualifying dream was completely shuttered on Saturday after going down 2-1 to Comoros Island ...

Nyasa Times
#KnowYourCosafaCupCountries: Comoros | Review  Bosveld Review

POLOKWANE – The islands can be found north-west of Madagascar and east of Mozambique. It is an extensive group of volcanic islands. The Flag design ...

Bosveld Review
Comoros ex-president says government actions endangering democracy  Reuters

An ex-president of Comoros, who was put under house arrest on Saturday over his suspected role in a scheme to sell citizenship, has accused the government ...

Reuters
Comoros to hold crucial elections in March 2019  Africa Feeds

Comoros is expected to hold its crucial general elections in March 2019. A presidential decree published by the country on Monday said presidential and ...

Africa Feeds
Comoros President extends his powers after controversial vote  The New Arab

President Azali Assoumani is now able to run another term following a controversial referendum.

The New Arab
Ex-Comoros president questioned over passport scheme  Reuters

MORONI (Reuters) - Authorities in Comoros questioned former president Ahmed Abdallah Mohamed Sambi on Tuesday over his role in a scheme to sell ...

Reuters
 

Comoros Videos

Geography Now! Comoros
17:40:01
Geography Now! Comoros
What is COMOROS?!
01:42:46
What is COMOROS?!
Island stories: Anjouan, Comoros Islands - BBC News
16:11:34
Island stories: Anjouan, Comoros Islands - BBC News
Comoros: The Grand Marriage - Al Jazeera World
13:30:27
Comoros: The Grand Marriage - Al Jazeera World
The Comoros - East Africa's Island Paradise
14:16:46
The Comoros - East Africa's Island Paradise
A glimpse of Comoros.
09:57:51
A glimpse of Comoros.
Exploring Grande Comore (Comoros Vlog #1)
16:36:39
Exploring Grande Comore (Comoros Vlog #1)
A Tourists Guide to Moroni, Comoros!
07:20:27
A Tourists Guide to Moroni, Comoros!
Facts You need to know about Comoros
10:27:27
Facts You need to know about Comoros
COMOROS - Moroni
19:18:02
COMOROS - Moroni
 

Comoros Images

Angraecum leonis | Species from the Comoros Islands Grown ...
Angraecum leonis | Species from the Comoros Islands Grown ...
Anjouan – Travel guide at Wikivoyage
Anjouan – Travel guide at Wikivoyage
Mayotte - Wikitravel
Mayotte - Wikitravel
MV Mavi Marmara - Wikipedia
MV Mavi Marmara - Wikipedia
File:Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in Philippines ...
File:Autonomous Region in Muslim Mindanao in Philippines ...
File:Camaguey in Cuba.svg - Wikipedia
File:Camaguey in Cuba.svg - Wikipedia
File:US Navy 091120-N-2420K-136 Constructionman Benjamin ...
File:US Navy 091120-N-2420K-136 Constructionman Benjamin ...
2017–18 Qatar diplomatic crisis - Wikipedia
2017–18 Qatar diplomatic crisis - Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in the United States - Wikipedia
Freedom of religion in the United States - Wikipedia
File:Département 45 in France.svg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Département 45 in France.svg - Wikimedia Commons
 

Comoros WebSites

 

Comoros Wiki

The Comoros ( (listen); Arabic: جزر القمر‎, Juzur al-Qumur / Qamar), officially the Union of the Comoros (Comorian: Udzima wa Komori, French: Union des Comores, Arabic: الاتحاد القمري‎ al-Ittiḥād al-Qumurī / Qamarī), is an island country in the Indian Ocean located at the northern end of the Mozambique Channel off the eastern coast of Africa between northeastern Mozambique, the French region of Mayotte, and northwestern Madagascar. The capital and largest city in Comoros is Moroni. The religion of the majority of the population is Sunni Islam.At 1,660 km2 (640 sq mi), excluding the contested island of Mayotte, the Comoros is the fourth-smallest African nation by area. The population, excluding Mayotte, is estimated at 795,601. As a nation formed at a crossroads of different civilisations, the archipelago is noted for its diverse culture and history. The archipelago was first inhabited by Bantu speakers who came from East Africa, supplemented by Arab and Austronesian immigration.The sovereign state is an archipelago consisting of three major islands and numerous smaller islands, all in the volcanic Comoro Islands. The major islands are commonly known by their French names: northwestern-most Grande Comore (Ngazidja), Mohéli (Mwali), and Anjouan (Nzwani). In addition, the country has a claim on a fourth major island, southeastern-most Mayotte (Maore), though Mayotte voted against independence from France in 1974, has never been administered by an independent Comoros government, and continues to be administered by France (currently as an overseas department). France has vetoed United Nations Security Council resolutions that would affirm Comorian sovereignty over the island. In addition, Mayotte became an overseas department and a region of France in 2011 following a referendum passed overwhelmingly.It became part of the French colonial empire in the end of 19th century before becoming independent in 1975. Since declaring independence, the country has experienced more than 20 coups d'état or attempted coups, with various heads of state assassinated. Along with this constant political instability, the population of the Comoros lives with the worst income inequality of any nation, with a Gini coefficient over 60%, while also ranking in the worst quartile on the Human Development Index. As of 2008 about half the population lived below the international poverty line of US$1.25 a day. The French insular region of Mayotte, which is the more prosperous territory in the Mozambique Channel, is the major destination for Comorian illegal migrants who flee their country. The Comoros is a member state of the African Union, Francophonie, Organisation of Islamic Cooperation, Arab League (of which it is the southernmost state, being the only member state of the Arab League with a tropical climate and also entirely within the Southern Hemisphere) and the Indian Ocean Commission. Other countries near the Comoros are Tanzania to the northwest and the Seychelles to the northeast. Its capital is Moroni, on Grande Comore. The Union of the Comoros has three official languages—Comorian, Arabic, and French.