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NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 13 Feb 2019 17:21:15 GMTGoogle News
Amajita seal second successive World Cup place with win over Burundi  TimesLIVE

South Africa sealed their place at the 2019 Fifa Under-20 World Cup after reaching the knockout stages of the Caf U-20 Africa Cup of Nations with a 1-0 victory ...

TimesLIVE
Burundi rejects Mkapa report over proposal to amend constitution, again  The East African

Burundi has rejected a report by the East African Community-mediated Inter-Burundi Dialogue, which calls for a review of the Constitution to take into account ...

The East African
Why Burundi Is Kicking Out Aid Groups  The Maravi Post

For 26 years, Handicap International has not only been providing crutches, prosthetics and wheelchairs to people with disabilities in Burundi, it has also been a ...

The Maravi Post
WSU employees and volunteers teach about 4-H, community gardening in Burundi, Africa  The Spokesman-Review

A team of six Washington State University employees and volunteers will leave for the small African country of Burundi next week to check on a 4-H Sister ...

The Spokesman-Review
This is what Mkapa told EAC leaders over Burundi  The Citizen

Former President Benjamin Mkapa is reported to be overly dismayed by the apparent failure of the recently concluded mediation process in Burundi, The Citizen ...

The Citizen
Turmoil for international aid groups in Burundi over ethnic quotas  Devex

ABIDJAN — The aid community in Burundi is split over the government's demand for international NGOs to disclose the ethnic breakdown of its local staff, ...

Devex
Burundi: crisis looms as 2020 elections open up old divisions  The Conversation - UK

The economy is another concern and could lead to wholesale political collapse as more and more Burundians are left without vital services.

The Conversation - UK
Burundi to change its capital city  The East African

Nkurunziza says Gitega is more centrally placed than Bujumbura.

The East African
BURUNDI 02/08/2019 How one single mother in Burundi started helping women like herself  FRANCE 24

Follow international news through our Observers' amateur images and eyewitness testimony. All the *content* is verified and explained by our journalists.

FRANCE 24
Climate Change Profile: Burundi - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Burundi about Climate Change and Environment and Contributions; published on 05 Feb 2019 by Govt. Netherlands.

ReliefWeb
UN Appeals for Nearly $300M for Burundi Refugees  VOA News

The U.N. refugee agency and 35 partners report $296 million is needed this year to provide life-saving assistance to 345,000 Burundian refugees living in ...

VOA News
Burundi Key Message Update, January 2019 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Burundi about Agriculture, Food and Nutrition, IDPs and Refugees; published on 31 Jan 2019 by FEWS NET.

ReliefWeb
In Burundi, sexual health education helps youth protect themselves, their futures  UNFPA News

BUJUMBURA, Burundi – “During my youth, I had to abort four times,” said Cecile Nshimirimana*, a student in Burundi's capital, Bujumbura. The procedures ...

UNFPA News
Burundi bloggers sound the alarm about the drug 'boost' sweeping the country  FRANCE 24

Follow international news through our Observers' amateur images and eyewitness testimony. All the *content* is verified and explained by our journalists.

FRANCE 24
Mkapa role in Burundi  The Citizen

While reports say that former President Benjamin Mkapa has resigned as mediator for the Inter-Burundi Dialogue for failure by the East African Community ...

The Citizen
Corruption rising in Burundi, survey says  The East African

Burundi dropped 13 positions to rank 170 out of 180.

The East African
UNHCR and partners seek US$296 million for Burundi refugee crisis  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and 35 partners are today jointly appealing for US$296 million to provide desperately needed aid in 2019 to some 345000.

UNHCR
The secret language of lesbian love  BBC News

Over a period of a few months, the BBC spoke to dozens of young lesbians in a country where homosexuality is illegal. They told us about their day-to-day lives ...

BBC News
Burundi gave Flying Eagles tough time –Aigbogun  The Punch

Flying Eagles head coach, Paul Aigbogun, has praised the efforts of Burundi in their opening game of the Africa U-20 Nations Cup in Niger and stres...

The Punch
Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (December 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The largely positive trends observed in Burundi throughout 2018, continued until the end of the year with the number of internally displaced people (IDP) ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi Capital Move Designed to Dodge Dissent - Critics  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Burundi's ditching of Bujumbura as its capital city has critics accusing President Pierre Nkurunziza of seeking to avoid opposition dissent and deflecting attention ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News
Malaria: Burundi cosmetics to push eradication  Quartz

Eradicating malaria once and for all won't be as simple as applying hand cream, but it's a start. A small organic cosmetics company in Burundi has found a way ...

Quartz
Humanitarian Action for Children 2019 - Burundi - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Appeal on Burundi about Education, Food and Nutrition, Children, IDPs, Epidemic and more; published on 30 Jan 2019 by UNICEF.

ReliefWeb
Burundi-Road Safety: Reckless car drivers and bicycle riders warned of 'severe consequences'.  RegionWeek

The spokesperson for the Ministry of Public Security and Security Disaster Management, Commissioner Pierre Nkurikiye, held on Tuesday, February 12, 2018, ...

RegionWeek
The Registration of new students is underway at the University of Burundi : The new academic year to begin very soon.  RegionWeek

Registration to the role and courses of new students at the University of Burundi counting for the academic year 2018-2019 is running well at the Mutanga ...

RegionWeek
Harambee Stars to face Burundi in the zonal format of Chan  Goal.com

Harambee Stars to face Burundi in the zonal format of Chan.

Goal.com
Kenya to face Burundi in Chan qualifiers  Daily Nation

Harambee Stars will host the first leg match in Nairobi.

Daily Nation
New $101m project to boost food and nutrition security and rural incomes in Burundi  WorldStage

Nearly 235,000 vulnerable households will benefit from a US$101 million project that aims to improve the living conditions and climate resilience of rural ...

WorldStage
Reports: Burundi skipper Nizigiyimana joins Vipers  Kawowo Sports

Reigning league champions Vipers SC have reportedly added Burundi national team captain Karim Nizigiyimana to their ranks. The right back whose contract ...

Kawowo Sports
Burundi: Bubanza governor calls for double vigilance to boost security.  RegionWeek

The governor of the Bubanza province (north-west of Burundi), Nobus Thérence Butoyi, held Tuesday, February 12, 2019, in Gihanga commune, a security ...

RegionWeek
The African Union welcomes the decision of Pierre Nkurunziza of 'not standing again for re-election in 2020'.  RegionWeek

The African Union has congratulated Burundi government over on initiating the preparatory procedure for the African Union congratulates Burundi over 2020 ...

RegionWeek
US $468m Rusumo hydropower plant in Rwanda to be complete soon  Construction Review

The Rusomo hydropower plant under construction on the Rusumo Falls at the border of Rwanda and Tanzania is expected to be complete by 2020.

Construction Review
A Burundian asylum-seeker who fled the US explains why he left behind everything he knew to reach safety in Canada  Business Insider

In the last two years, nearly 40000 migrants have entered Canada illegally, many of them seeking asylum they believe is out of reach in the US.

Business Insider
Burundi names Gitega as new capital  News24

Burundi has declared the small central city of Gitega the country's new political capital, in line with a presidential promise made a decade ago.

News24
Senegal are SA's toughest test yet  SowetanLIVE Sunday World

Amajita and SuperSport midfielder Luke le Roux says they've done adequate preparations for the Senegal encounter. /BackpagePix. Amajita's Africa Cup of ...

SowetanLIVE Sunday World
Burundi denies running secret torture houses  BBC News

Burundi's authorities have dismissed a BBC investigation into alleged secret torture sites as "fake news". The BBC Africa Eye report said the government was ...

BBC News
A political union for east Africa?  The Economist

AFRICA'S REGIONAL institutions do not lack ambition. The African Union's master plan promises a rich, peaceful continent criss-crossed by high-speed trains.

The Economist
U20 AFCON: Flying Eagles battle Mali for final ticket in Niamey  Daily Trust

Seven–time champions, The Flying Eagles of Nigeria will battle for a ticket in the final of the 2019 Africa U20 Cup of Nations when they...

Daily Trust
UN rights office: Burundi’s government has asked us to leave  Washington Post

NAIROBI, Kenya — The United Nations human rights office on Thursday said Burundi's government has asked it to leave, months after the outgoing U.N. rights ...

Washington Post
Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Burundi's security services are running secret torture and detention sites to silence dissent, former government intelligence agents have told BBC Africa Eye.

BBC News
Burundi warned after ex-President Buyoya arrest warrant  BBC News

The African Union (AU) has warned Burundi against moves to jeopardise peace efforts after an international arrest warrant was issued for ex-leader Pierre ...

BBC News
Peace and fair elections in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Stephen Hickey, UK Political Coordinator at the UN, at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
Burundi - Displacement Report (November 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

DTM Methodology. The IOM Displacement Tracking Matrix is a comprehensive system to analyze and disseminate information to better understand the ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi moves capital from Bujumbura to Gitega  Quartz

Burundi is moving its capital from the shores of Lake Tanganyika and deep into the nation's central highlands. Authorities announced they would change the ...

Quartz
Burundi's president Nkurunziza no longer considers Rwanda a partner but an enemy  News24

It is important to find ways to prevent the eruption of a possible open conflict between Rwanda and Burundi which could lead to devastating consequences for ...

News24
Four arrests over 1993 killing of Burundi leader  TimesLIVE

Burundi authorities have arrested four retired army officers suspected of a role in the 1993 assassination of the country's first democratically elected president, ...

TimesLIVE
The Situation in Burundi: Report of the Secretary-General (S/2018/1028) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The present report is submitted pursuant to resolution 2303 (2016), in which the Security Council requested me to report to it on the situation in Burundi every ...

ReliefWeb
Humanity & Inclusion closes Burundi program after 26 years - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Humanity & Inclusion, which operates under its original name “Handicap International” in Burundi since 1992, has been forced to stop its activities in the country.

ReliefWeb
Selling Toyotas to Congo a Way to Fight Burundi Dollar Snag  Bloomberg

Dollars are hard to find in tiny, troubled Burundi -- but three nearby African nations and plenty of used Land Cruisers and Range Rovers offer some ...

Bloomberg
Why Burundi’s Ongoing Political Tensions Risk Devolving Into Ethnic Violence  World Politics Review

In early December, Burundi garnered international attention when its Foreign Ministry called for the closure of the U.N. human rights office in the country.

World Politics Review
Burundi military opposes Somali withdrawal plan  News24

The Burundi army has said it opposed a request by the African Union that it withdraw 1000 soldiers serving in an African peacekeeping force in Somalia by ...

News24
Burundi accuses Belgium of ordering hit on independence hero  News24

Burundi on Sunday accused former colonial power Belgium of ordering the assassination of independence hero and Crown Prince Louis Rwagasore in 1961, ...

News24
Ex-Burundi leader rejects warrant for his arrest as tactic  News24

Pierre Buyoya, Burundi's former president, has dismissed as politically motivated an arrest warrant issued against him for his alleged participation in the ...

News24
Aid Groups Denounce Burundi’s 3-Month Ban on NGOs  VOA News

Suspended NGOs, including Doctors Without Borders and Catholic Relief Services, might have a chance to resume operations, if they comply with new ...

VOA News
Burundi calls for special summit over Rwanda row  Daily Nation

President Pierre Nkurunziza has asked the East African Community leadership to urgently convene an extraordinary summit to address the differences between ...

Daily Nation
Burundi suspends some NGO's for violating new law  Reuters

BUJUMBURA (Reuters) - Burundi has suspended some local and international non-governmental organizations for three months for violating a new law, ...

Reuters
INGOs suspended in Burundi amid crackdown on civil society  Devex

ABIDJAN — A three-month suspension placed on almost all international NGOs operating in Burundi earlier this month is part of a wider crackdown on civil ...

Devex
Burundi detention centres: Inside African nation’s secret torture facilities  NEWS.com.au

Intelligence officials in Burundi are running secret torture and detention sites to silence political opponents of the nation's leader.

NEWS.com.au
Burundi beat South Sudan to keep Afcon hopes alive  BBC Sport

A hat-trick from Fiston Abdul Razak helped Burundi win 5-2 away to South Sudan on Friday to keep alive their hopes of qualifying for next year's Africa Cup of ...

BBC Sport
Addressing Peacebuilding Efforts in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Ambassador Jonathan Allen at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
Burundi: Human rights defender jailed for 32 years must be released  Amnesty International

The Burundian authorities should overturn the 32-year sentence handed to human rights defender Germain Rukuki and set him free, Amnesty International said ...

Amnesty International
Burundi told to cut force in Somalia under African pullback  News24

The African Union has asked Burundi to reduce its contribution to an African peacekeeping force in Somalia by a thousand men under a progressive pullout from ...

News24
Burundi rights activist handed five-year term  News24

A Burundian activist has been jailed for five years accused of preparing reports on human rights abuses for a banned organisation, militant and legal sources ...

News24
Burundi votes tomorrow on controversial constitutional amendments. A lot is at stake.  The Washington Post

On Thursday, Burundi will hold a referendum to revise its constitution. The current constitution, adopted in 2005, grew from the 2000 Arusha Peace and ...

The Washington Post
Burundi Voters Back Constitution Extending Presidential Term  The New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — Burundi's voters approved a new Constitution that extends the presidential term from five to seven years, according to provisional ...

The New York Times
UN envoy urges new way to help Burundi exit political crisis  News24

The UN special envoy for Burundi is calling for a re-evaluation of the ways to help Burundi emerge from its current political crisis with a view to elections in 2020.

News24
Burundi acquits rights activists sentenced to 10-year terms  News24

A Burundian court has acquitted three civil rights activists who had been handed 10-year jail terms for undermining state security, their organisation has said.

News24
Burundi says UN team expelled after 'agreed mission' was changed  africanews

Burundi's ambassador in Geneva says the issue of expelled U.N. human rights experts from Bujumbura is being twisted to paint his country's government in a ...

africanews
Burundi's absence stalls 20th EAC summit [The Morning Call]  africanews

The 20th ordinary summit of the East Africa Community EAC heads of state that was long scheduled to take place first in November and then December 2018 ...

africanews
Jail for Burundi head teacher busted sitting student's exam  BBC News

A court in Burundi has sentenced a head teacher to five years in prison for trying to disguise himself as a student and sit a national exam on another person's ...

BBC News
UN says political settlement is crucial before Burundi vote  News24

The UN Security Council says a political settlement in Burundi is crucial ahead of elections in 2020 and is urging all parties, especially the government, ...

News24
Mali name squad for Afcon qualifiers against Burundi  BBC Sport

Mali coach Mohammed Magassouba calls up 18-year old Cheick Oumar Doucouré and France-born striker Alimani Gory ahead of the Nations Cup qualifiers ...

BBC Sport
Burundian refugee returns must be voluntary and sustainable  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and partners are urging Tanzania to ensure Burundian refugee returns are voluntary and based on individual choices – in ...

UNHCR
Burundi Under Fire for Expelling UN Human Rights Team  VOA News

Burundi's ambassador in Geneva struggled to explain to the U.N. Human Rights Council on Tuesday why his government had thrown out a U.N. team that the ...

VOA News
Burundi Moves Political Capital From Bujumbura to Gitega  Bloomberg

Burundian authorities decided to move the political capital to the city of Gitega in the central province, from Bujumbura, government spokesman Prosper ...

Bloomberg
Burundi opposition MP accused of plot to kill president  News24

Burundi's public security ministry has accused a prominent opposition MP of planning the assassination of President Pierre Nkurunziza and other top officials, ...

News24
Burundi refuses to register key opposition party  News24

Burundian authorities have refused to register a new political party by main opposition leader Agathon Rwasa, according to a letter seen by AFP Thursday.

News24
Burundi village attack leaves 26 dead ahead of referendum  BBC News

At least 26 people were killed after armed attackers targeted a village in north-west Burundi, amid tensions ahead of a controversial referendum. The group ...

BBC News
Come Home and Sell the Coffee: Burundi Insists Crisis Is Over  Bloomberg

The crisis is over: now dig some mines and grow some coffee.

Bloomberg
Eight priorities for the African Union in 2019 | News | Africa  Mail and Guardian

In 2019, the African Union faces many challenges, with conflicts old and new simmering across the continent. To help resolve these crises, the regional ...

Mail and Guardian
Burundi accused of widespread rights abuses before referendum  Aljazeera.com

Hundreds of people have been killed and arrested since protests began, and a coup was attempted against President Nkurunziza in 2015.

Aljazeera.com
Burundi Key Message Update, October 2018 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Burundi about Agriculture, Food and Nutrition, IDPs and Refugees; published on 31 Oct 2018 by FEWS NET.

ReliefWeb
Archbishop of Burundi leads march against gender-based violence  Episcopal News Service

[Anglican Communion News *Service*] The Anglican primate of Burundi, Archbishop Martin Blaise Nyaboho, has led hundreds of people on a march through ...

Episcopal News Service
UN rights chief denounces Burundi for 'belligerent and defamatory' attack on inquiry team  UN News

The top United Nations human rights official has called on Burundi to “immediately retract” its threat to try and prosecute members of a UN Commission of Inquiry ...

UN News
East Africa won't tackle Burundi crisis  Mail and Guardian

Put right: In 2017 Economic Community of West African States forces instated Adama Barrow as Gambia's president. (Carl de Souza/AFP). Comments. AddThis ...

Mail and Guardian
BBC World Service - Focus on Africa, Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Former agents say the security services are running torture sites to silence dissent.

BBC News
Three Burundi soldiers killed in ambush: police  News24

At least three Burundian soldiers were killed and five others injured in an attack outside of the capital Bujumbura at the weekend, police and media sources have ...

News24
26 Killed in Burundi Attack, Minister Says, Blaming Terrorists  New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — At least 26 people were killed and seven others wounded in an attack in a rural area of Burundi, the country's security minister said on ...

New York Times
Burundi: EU renews sanctions until 31 October 2019  EU News

On 25 October 2018, the Council renewed the EU restrictive measures against Burundi until 31 October 2019. These measures consist of a travel ban and asset ...

EU News
Burundi unrest: UN report condemns rights abuses  Aljazeera.com

A UN commission of inquiry into human rights violations in Burundi is presenting its findings in Geneva.

Aljazeera.com
Burundi: Renew UN Inquiry  Human Rights Watch

The United Nations Human Rights Council should renew the mandate for the Commission of Inquiry on Burundi during its ongoing session in Geneva.

Human Rights Watch
2018 Burundi Regional RRP: Regional Overview of the Burundian Refugee Population (as of 31 October 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on Burundi and 9 other countries about Protection and Human Rights, Children, IDPs and more; published on 31 Oct 2018 by UNHCR.

ReliefWeb
Rwanda-Burundi tension hampers regional trade  The East African

Increasing political tension between Rwanda and Burundi, which started in 2015 when political unease in Bujumbura saw its citizens cross over to Kigali, has ...

The East African
Last Burundi round of talks falter  The East African

The East African Community-mediated Inter-Burundi dialogue, scheduled for Wednesday, October 24, seemed to falter after the government and ruling party ...

The East African
Burundi could quit UN Human Rights Council  africanews

Burundi on Monday threatened to withdraw from the United Nations Human Rights Council and sue its commissioners who authored a 272-page report that said ...

africanews
Burundi arrests aid workers for flouting foreign NGO ban  News24

Three aid workers have been arrested in Burundi for defying a government ban on foreign relief agencies announced this month, authorities say.

News24
UN: Widespread Violations in Burundi May Amount to Crimes Against Humanity  VOA News

Commission accuses members of National Intelligence *Service*, including senior officials and the police, of violations including summary executions and torture.

VOA News
Special Envoy in Burundi | Department of Political Affairs  UN News

The Department of Political and Peacebuilding Affairs (DPPA) has been supporting regional efforts to help resolve Burundi's political crisis since civil unrest ...

UN News
The man protecting Burundi's crocodiles by keeping them in his garden  BBC News

When Ngendera Albert realised Burundi's crocodiles were being killed for food, he took action to protect them.

BBC News
Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees from Tanzania to Burundi (16 November 2018) - United Republic of Tanzania  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on United Republic of Tanzania about Protection and Human Rights, Children, Refugees and more; published on 16 Nov 2018 by UNHCR.

ReliefWeb
 

Burundi Videos

Burundi by Jeep
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Burundi by Jeep
L'ECHIQUIER MONDIAL. Burundi : une crise qui déborde
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L'ECHIQUIER MONDIAL. Burundi : une crise qui déborde
Geography Now! Burundi
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Geography Now! Burundi
Burundi: Irankunda Modeste asigura ingene yahohotewe inyuma yo kwerekanwa aboshwe ku magara
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Burundi: Irankunda Modeste asigura ingene yahohotewe inyuma yo kwerekanwa aboshwe ku magara
Museveni yubuye Dosiye y'ikibazo cy'U Rwanda n'U Burundi
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Museveni yubuye Dosiye y'ikibazo cy'U Rwanda n'U Burundi
BURUNDI BIRAZA GUKOMERA || Mwitonde dore barababuriye
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BURUNDI BIRAZA GUKOMERA || Mwitonde dore barababuriye
Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
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Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
Burundi VS Rwanda Military Power Comparison 2019
19:01:59
Burundi VS Rwanda Military Power Comparison 2019
BURUNDI VS NIGER (3-3)-GOALS & HIGHLIGHTS - AFCON U20 CHAMPIONSHIP
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BURUNDI VS NIGER (3-3)-GOALS & HIGHLIGHTS - AFCON U20 CHAMPIONSHIP
Life in Burundi
05:23:46
Life in Burundi
 

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Alida Kaneza Miss Burundi 2008 | Janvier Nahimana | Flickr
Alida Kaneza Miss Burundi 2008 | Janvier Nahimana | Flickr
Burundian Cuisine - Bananes frites & brochettes | evamana ...
Burundian Cuisine - Bananes frites & brochettes | evamana ...
Melchior Bwakira - Wikipedia
Melchior Bwakira - Wikipedia
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File:Beja in Tunisia.svg - Wikimedia Commons
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File:Denmark, administrative divisions - de - colored.svg ...
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File:National Capital District in Papua New Guinea ...
Afryka - Powstał ranking państw pod względem zagrożenia ...
Afryka - Powstał ranking państw pod względem zagrożenia ...
Gana'daki şehirler listesi - Vikipedi
Gana'daki şehirler listesi - Vikipedi
Sabine Hartelt
Sabine Hartelt
Níl – Wikipédia
Níl – Wikipédia
 

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Burundi Wiki

Burundi ( (listen), ), officially the Republic of Burundi (Kirundi: Republika y'Uburundi, [buˈɾundi]; French: République du Burundi, [buʁundi] or [byʁyndi]), is a landlocked country amid the African Great Lakes region where East and Central Africa converge. The capital is Gitega, having moved from Bujumbura in December 2018. The southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.The Twa, Hutu and Tutsi peoples have lived in Burundi for at least 500 years. For more than 200 of those years, Burundi was an independent kingdom, until the beginning of the 20th century, when Germany colonised the region. After the First World War and Germany's defeat, it ceded the territory to Belgium. Both Germans and Belgians ruled Burundi and Rwanda as a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi. Despite common misconceptions, Burundi and Rwanda had never been under common rule until the time of European colonisation.Burundi gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but a series of assassinations, coups and a general climate of regional instability culminated in the establishment of a republic and one-party state in 1966. Bouts of ethnic cleansing and ultimately two civil wars and genocides during the 1970s and again in the 1990s left the country undeveloped and its population as one of the world's poorest. The presidents of Rwanda and Burundi, both Hutus, died together when their aeroplane was shot down in April 1994. 2015 witnessed large-scale political strife as President Pierre Nkurunziza opted to run for a third term in office, a coup attempt failed and the country's parliamentary and presidential elections were broadly criticised by members of the international community.The sovereign state of Burundi political system is that of a presidential representative democratic republic based upon a multi-party state. The President of Burundi is the head of state and head of government. There are currently 21 registered parties in Burundi. On 13 March 1992, Tutsi coup leader Pierre Buyoya established a constitution, which provided for a multi-party political process and reflected multi-party competition. Six years later, on 6 June 1998, the constitution was changed, broadening National Assembly's seats and making provisions for two vice-presidents. Because of the Arusha Accord, Burundi enacted a transitional government in 2000. In October 2016, Burundi informed the UN of its intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court.Burundi remains an overwhelmingly rural society, with just 13% of the population living in urban areas in 2013. The population density of around 315 people per square kilometre (753 per sq mi) is the second highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Roughly 85% of the population are of Hutu ethnic origin, 15% are Tutsi, and fewer than 1% are indigenous Twa. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi, French and English, Kirundi being recognised officially as the sole national language.One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift. The country lies on a rolling plateau in the centre of Africa. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 2,685 m (8,810 ft), lies to the southeast of the largest city, Bujumbura. The most distant source of the River Nile is the Ruvyironza River in the Bururi Province of Burundi, the Nile is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters via the Kagera River to the Ruvyironza River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika, located in much of Burundi's southwestern corner. There are two national parks, Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations. Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture.Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion and habitat loss. Deforestation of the entire country is almost completely due to overpopulation, with a mere 600 km2 (230 sq mi) remaining and an ongoing loss of about 9% per annum. In addition to poverty, Burundians often have to deal with corruption, weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and hunger. Burundi is densely populated and has had substantial emigration as young people seek opportunities elsewhere. The World Happiness Report 2018 ranked Burundi as the world's least happy nation with a rank of 156.