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Burundi NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Thu, 13 Dec 2018 22:31:03 GMTGoogle News
Burundi denies running secret torture houses  BBC News

Burundi's authorities have dismissed a BBC investigation into alleged secret torture sites as "fake news". The BBC Africa Eye report said the government was ...

BBC News
Archbishop of Burundi leads march against gender-based violence  Episcopal News Service

[Anglican Communion News *Service*] The Anglican primate of Burundi, Archbishop Martin Blaise Nyaboho, has led hundreds of people on a march through ...

Episcopal News Service
Burundi to sue BBC over documentary on alleged killings of opponents - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

BUJUMBURA, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- The Burundian government said on Thursday it is going to sue the British Broadcasting Corporation (BBC) for publishing a ...

Xinhua
Burundi accuses Rwanda of abducting four fishermen  The East African

Kigali and Bujumbura trade accusations and tension heightens.

The East African
Put out the fire in Burundi or it will spread  The New Times

When a neighbour's house catches fire, you rush to put it out. It does not matter whether you had a quarrel the week before. You put that aside and help ...

The New Times
Burundi orders UN to close Human Rights office in Bujumbura  africanews

Burundi's government has reportedly asked the United Nations Human Rights Council to close its office in the country within two months, according to foreign ...

africanews
Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Burundi's security services are running secret torture and detention sites to silence dissent, former government intelligence agents have told BBC Africa Eye.

BBC News
Selling Toyotas to Congo a Way to Fight Burundi Dollar Snag  Bloomberg

Dollars are hard to find in tiny, troubled Burundi -- but three nearby African nations and plenty of used Land Cruisers and Range Rovers offer some ...

Bloomberg
EAC, just let Burundi go, we can always remarry  The East African

One can see Kenya and Uganda squabbling, but at least they are easily reconcilable.

The East African
Burundi warned after ex-President Buyoya arrest warrant  BBC News

The African Union (AU) has warned Burundi against moves to jeopardise peace efforts after an international arrest warrant was issued for ex-leader Pierre ...

BBC News
Peace and fair elections in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Stephen Hickey, UK Political Coordinator at the UN, at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
IOM Supports Governments of Burundi, D.R. Congo in Strengthening Health and Border Management - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Bujumbura - The International Organization for Migration (IOM) conducted a joint training last week (26 November – 1 December) for border officials from ...

ReliefWeb
Ex-Burundi leader rejects warrant for his arrest as tactic  News24

Pierre Buyoya, Burundi's former president, has dismissed as politically motivated an arrest warrant issued against him for his alleged participation in the ...

News24
Burundi detention centres: Inside African nation’s secret torture facilities  NEWS.com.au

Intelligence officials in Burundi are running secret torture and detention sites to silence political opponents of the nation's leader.

NEWS.com.au
Four arrests over 1993 killing of Burundi leader  TimesLIVE

Burundi authorities have arrested four retired army officers suspected of a role in the 1993 assassination of the country's first democratically elected president, ...

TimesLIVE
The Situation in Burundi: Report of the Secretary-General (S/2018/1028) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The present report is submitted pursuant to resolution 2303 (2016), in which the Security Council requested me to report to it on the situation in Burundi every ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi ex-military officers face prosecution for Melchior Ndadaye assassination  EWN

The killing of President Melchior Ndadaye sparked a 10-year civil war that cost more than 300000 lives.

EWN
Burundi beat South Sudan to keep Afcon hopes alive  BBC Sport

A hat-trick from Fiston Abdul Razak helped Burundi win 5-2 away to South Sudan on Friday to keep alive their hopes of qualifying for next year's Africa Cup of ...

BBC Sport
Burundi Key Message Update, November 2018 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Burundi about Agriculture, Food and Nutrition, IDPs and Refugees; published on 30 Nov 2018 by FEWS NET.

ReliefWeb
Voluntary Repatriation of Burundian Refugees, from Tanzania to Burundi (16 Nov 2018) - United Republic of Tanzania  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on United Republic of Tanzania about Protection and Human Rights, Children, Refugees and more; published on 16 Nov 2018 by UNHCR.

ReliefWeb
News Burundi: Human rights defender jailed for 32 years must be released  Amnesty International

The Burundian authorities should overturn the 32-year sentence handed to human rights defender Germain Rukuki and set him free, Amnesty International said ...

Amnesty International
UN envoy urges new way to help Burundi exit political crisis  News24

The UN special envoy for Burundi is calling for a re-evaluation of the ways to help Burundi emerge from its current political crisis with a view to elections in 2020.

News24
WFP Burundi Country Brief, October 2018 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Operational Updates. • WFP continued to provide food assistance to targeted beneficiaries under the Interim Country Strategic Plan 2018-2020. About 43,000 ...

ReliefWeb
Burundi arrests 4 former army officials in connection to assassination of former ruler  The East African

Burundian authorities have arrested four former military officials suspected of playing a role in the assassination of the country's first democratically elected ...

The East African
BBC World Service - Focus on Africa, Burundi: Inside the secret killing house  BBC News

Former agents say the security services are running torture sites to silence dissent.

BBC News
UNICEF Burundi Humanitarian Situation Report, September-October 2018 - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Burundi and 4 other countries about Contributions, Coordination, Children, Refugees, Epidemic and more; published on 31 Oct ...

ReliefWeb
2018 Burundi Regional RRP: Regional Overview of the Burundian Refugee Population (as of 31 October 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

English Infographic on Burundi and 9 other countries about Protection and Human Rights, Children, IDPs and more; published on 31 Oct 2018 by UNHCR.

ReliefWeb
BBC World Service - The Documentary Podcast, Inside Burundi's Killing Machine  BBC News

An investigation into repression in Burundi, one of Africa's most secretive countries.

BBC News
Burundi: Humanitarian Snapshot (October 2018) - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The current number of internally displaced persons (IDP) stands at 147,000, which represents a 21% decrease compared to May 2018. This decrease is partly ...

ReliefWeb
Kenyan legislators shine in Eala competition  The Standard

Kenya Members of Parliament in action at the East African Legislative Assembly (EALA) games kn Bujumbura, Burundi Team Kenya continued their winning ...

The Standard
IOM Burundi Trains High Ranking Judicial Police Officers to Combat Trafficking in Persons - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Bujumbura – The International Organization for Migration (IOM), in partnership with the Judicial Police of Burundi and with support from the Government of ...

ReliefWeb
Rwanda missing at the Burundi EAC games  The East African

Rwanda were conspicuously absent as the East African Community (EAC) Inter-Parliamentary Games started in Burundi's capital Bujumbura on Saturday.

The East African
IOM Supports Governments of Burundi, Tanzania to Strengthen Humanitarian Border Management - Burundi  ReliefWeb

Bujumbura/Dar es Salaam – IOM, the UN Migration Agency, is working with the governments of Burundi and the United Republic of Tanzania to strengthen the ...

ReliefWeb
Djibouti port eyes Rwanda and Burundi, to resume services to South Sudan  Business Daily

The port, which already serves Ethiopia, also aims at serving Burundi and Rwanda.

Business Daily
EAC summit postponed after Burundi no-show  The New Times

A Summit of the EAC Heads of State initially scheduled this Friday in Arusha, Tanzania, has been postponed due to Burundi leadership's absence. Earlier this ...

The New Times
Kagame warns Rwanda's enemies they will 'be dealt with'  IOL

President Paul Kagame has warned "enemies of Rwanda' that they will be dealt with decisively.

IOL
Inside Burundi’s ‘secret government death house’ where ‘dissidents are tortured and beheaded’ and a river of ‘  The Sun

A RIVER of blood is seen flowing from the gutter of a secret prison in East Africa which tortures and beheads its captives, it has been claimed.

The Sun
Jitters in region as Kagame fires military action warning  The East African

President says Kigali ready to deal decisively with enemies.

The East African
Burundi Tells U.N. Human Rights Office to Vacate the Country in 2 Weeks  The African Exponent

Why has President Pierre Nkurunziza ordered the closure of the United Nations Human Rights Office in Burundi?

The African Exponent
Gor Mahia release Burundi captain Nizigiyimana  Daily Nation

Gor Mahia has parted ways with Burundian defender Karim Nizigiyimana in a bid to fulfil the foreign quota ahead of the 2018/19 SportPesa Premier League ...

Daily Nation
Rainbow Rare Earths' Gakara mine a star attraction in Burundi  Mining Review

LSE-listed rare earths element miner Rainbow Rare Earths is now one of only a handful of rare earth mine producers outside China.

Mining Review
Burundi, Lesotho eye first AFCON appearances  The Punch

Lowly ranked Burundi and Lesotho are among 23 countries chasing 11 places at the 2019 Africa Cup of Nations tournament during the final qualifying ...

The Punch
Burundi issues international arrest warrant for ex-president Buyoya  Digital Journal

Burundi on Friday said it had launched international arrest warrants for ex-president Pierre Buyoya and 16 former senior officials over their alleged role in the ...

Digital Journal
Burundi Attorney General rejects a video broadcast by BBC television.  RegionWeek

The Burundian Attorney general has denied and rejected a video broadcast by a BBC television. The Attorney General of the Republic Mr. Sylvestre Nyandwi ...

RegionWeek
Burundi has no business insisting on business class  The Independent

In the summer of 2001, much fuss was made about Tony Blair's holiday plans. The then prime minister flew off on holiday on Ryanair (much to the annoyance of ...

The Independent
Atrocity Alert No. 133 (28 November 2018): Syria, Burundi and Guatemala - Syrian Arab Republic  ReliefWeb

English News and Press Release on Syrian Arab Republic and 2 other countries about Health, Peacekeeping and Peacebuilding, Children, IDPs and more; ...

ReliefWeb
African Development Bank loans $322m to Burundi and Tanzania for road upgrades - News  GCR

In a bid to boost regional integration and trade in East Africa, the African Development Bank Group has approved US$322m in loans to Burundi and Tanzania, ...

GCR
Rwanda is our enemy - Burundi | Malawi 24 - Malawi news  Malawi24

Burundi president Pierre Nkurunziza has described neighbouring Rwanda as an enemy in a letter to the Ugandan president. Nkurunziza wrote to Ugandan.

Malawi24
AFCON 2019 qualifying weekend: Salah's Egypt, Burundi and Morocco win  africanews

Burundi, Egypt and Morocco won their 2019 Africa Cup of Nations (AFCON) qualifier matches on Friday, extending their chances of qualifying for the continent's ...

africanews
Nkurunziza, now isolated, creates crisis all by himself  Daily Nation

Observers say the bloc is now at the mercy of government elites.

Daily Nation
Tanzania, Burundi lead in consumption of antibiotics in East Africa  The East African

Tanzania and Burundi are among the top four countries in Africa in consumption of antibiotics, new data published by the World Health Organisation shows.

The East African
Burundi issues arrest warrant for ex-president Buyoya  East Africa Monitor

Burundi has issued an international arrest warrant for ex-president Pierre Buyoya, accused of being involved in the assassination of former leader Melchior ...

East Africa Monitor
Eac Summit Postponed Due To Absence Of Burundi  New Vision

Presidents Uhuru Kenyatta (Kenya), Yoweri Museveni (Uganda) and John Magufuli (Tanzania) in Arusha. EAC SUMMIT ...

New Vision
Egypt reiterates support to Burundi in various fields  Egypttoday

CAIRO - 14 November 2018: Egypt supports Burundi in all fields, Foreign Minister Sameh Shoukry said Wednesday to his Burundian counterpart Ezekiel ...

Egypttoday
Burundi Denies Running Secret Torture And Detention Sites – African News  African News Network

Burundi Denies Running Secret Torture And Detention Sites – Burundi authorities are rebuffing a BBC report that says the country is running secret torture and ...

African News Network
Communiqué of the 808th Meeting of the Peace and Security Council on the situation in Burundi - Burundi  ReliefWeb

The Peace and Security Council (PSC) of the African Union (AU), at its 808th meeting, held on 19 November 2018, adopted the following decision on the ...

ReliefWeb
BURUNDI: Amnesty International Footage Purports to Show Mass Graves Outside Burundi's Capital January 28  Courier Mail

Amnesty International released footage and satellite imagery on Thursday, January 28, purported to show mass graves in Buringa, on the outskirts of Burundi's ...

Courier Mail
Burundi to immunize over 7 million people against meningitis - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

BUJUMBURA, Nov. 26 (Xinhua) -- Burundi is set to immunize over seven million citizens, equivalent to 77 percent of its total population, against meningitis in ...

Xinhua
In 2018, Benin, Burundi, Malawi, Uganda and Zambia made significant progress in de-risking renewable energy projects in their countries  africanews

Since launching a year ago, the Regional Liquidity Support Facility (RLSF) has signed agreements with five countries ensuring that their Independent Power ...

africanews
Burundi and Tanzania secure €322m for road upgrades  The Construction Index

The African Development Bank has approved US$322m (£290m) in loans and grants to Burundi and Tanzania for more than 300km of road upgrades.

The Construction Index
EAC Inter-parliamentary Games Kick Off in Burundi  softpower.ug

The 9th edition of the East African Community (EAC) Inter-parliamentary games start today in Bujumbura, Burundi. The games are aimed at fostering unity ...

softpower.ug
Fusion Of The Burundi Drum And The Woman  New Vision

Your browser does not currently recognize any of the video formats available. Click here to visit our frequently asked questions about HTML5 video.

New Vision
AfDB approves US$322mn loans for road upgrades in Burundi and Tanzania  African Review

The African Development Bank (AfDB) Group has approved loans and grant of US$322.35mn for Burundi and Tanzania to finance the upgrade of the ...

African Review
Parliament receives ambassador of Burundi  Egypttoday

CAIRO – 27 November 2018: The Parliament's Committee of African Affairs headed by Tarek Radwan received Burundi's Ambassador to Cairo Seliman ...

Egypttoday
Burundi Is Ousting Human Rights Presence Inner City Press Asked UN Now This On Buyoya  Inner City Press

InnerCityPress.com is engaged these days in investigative journalism from the United Nations, including the World Bank, the IMF, the UN Development Program ...

Inner City Press
Willy Rubeya picked head of East Africa Law Society  Daily Nation

Burundi's Willy Rubeya has been elected the president of the East Africa Law Society during the association's annual general meeting in Mombasa County.

Daily Nation
Gor defender in as Razzak nets four in Burundi win over South Sudan  Futaa

Gor Mahia defender Karim Nizigiyimana featured as former Sofapaka goal machine Fiston Abdul Razzak bagged four goals in Burundi's emphatic 5-2 win over ...

Futaa
Demonetisation Did Not Triple Burundi’s GDP, It’s a Satirical Post  The Quint

What does one do when encountered with a news report or article that seems dubious? Check its veracity, of course. But, that's not all. One also needs to check ...

The Quint
2019 AFCON qualifier: Burundi thump South Sudan to boost qualification chances  Ghanasoccernet.com

Burundi have taken a major step toward qualifying for their first Africa Cup of Nations finals after defeating South Sudan 5-2 on Friday afternoon.The result at the ...

Ghanasoccernet.com
AfDB approves $322 mil for road upgrading in Burundi and Tanzania  The Citizen Daily

Dar es Salaam. The Boards of Directors of the African Development Bank Group have approved $322.35 million loans and grant to Burundi and Tanzania to ...

The Citizen Daily
Burundi : government seeks to protect its population against meningitis  African Daily Voice

NEWSROOM (ADV) – Burundi is set to immunize over seven million citizens, equivalent to 77 percent of its total population, against meningitis in December, the ...

African Daily Voice
Burundi: 4 arrested over assassination of former president  East Africa Monitor

Authorities in Burundi have arrested four former military officials accused of involvement in the assassination of the country's first democratically elected ...

East Africa Monitor
Gor Mahia Bought Me House In Burundi, Says Defender Karim Nizigiyamana As He Leaves -  KahawaTungu

Burundian right full back Karim Nizigiyimana has disclosed that through Gor Mahia, Ambrose Rachier, the club's president, bought him a house in Burundi.

KahawaTungu
REVEALED: Why Burundian defender Karim Nizigiyimana is training with Gor Mahia  Goal.com

REVEALED: Why Burundian defender Karim Nizigiyimana is training with Gor Mahia.

Goal.com
BBC World Service - Focus on Africa, Burundi's former President, Pierre Buyoya, reacts to an arrest warrant issued against him  BBC News

It's alleged he was involved in the 1993 assassination of President Melchior Ndadaye.

BBC News
£100 million for renewable energy projects in Africa to provide electricity to 2.4 million people a year  GOV.UK

Developers of small-scale solar, wind, hydro and geothermal projects will be supported to harness each country's natural resources.

GOV.UK
East African nations resolve to boost economic integration - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

NAIROBI, Dec. 13 (Xinhua) -- Five East African countries on Thursday resolved to boost economic integration and continental trade facilitation by making trade ...

Xinhua
Aid Groups Denounce Burundi’s 3-Month Ban on NGOs  VOA News

Suspended NGOs, including Doctors Without Borders and Catholic Relief Services, might have a chance to resume operations, if they comply with new ...

VOA News
Burundi snubs Arusha talks [The Morning Call]  africanews

The inter-Burundian aimed at resolving conflicts in Burundi were launched Wednesday in Arusha, Tanzania. The talks are the fifth and final round of negotiations ...

africanews
Burundi accuses Belgium of ordering hit on independence hero  News24

Burundi on Sunday accused former colonial power Belgium of ordering the assassination of independence hero and Crown Prince Louis Rwagasore in 1961, ...

News24
Burundi opposition MP accused of plot to kill president  News24

Burundi's public security ministry has accused a prominent opposition MP of planning the assassination of President Pierre Nkurunziza and other top officials, ...

News24
Burundi under fire at U.N. for expelling U.N. human rights team  Reuters

Burundi's ambassador in Geneva struggled to explain to the U.N. Human Rights Council on Tuesday why his government had thrown out a U.N. team that the ...

Reuters
Burundi Voters Back Constitution Extending Presidential Term  The New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — Burundi's voters approved a new Constitution that extends the presidential term from five to seven years, according to provisional ...

The New York Times
Burundi says UN team expelled after 'agreed mission' was changed  africanews

Burundi's ambassador in Geneva says the issue of expelled U.N. human rights experts from Bujumbura is being twisted to paint his country's government in a ...

africanews
Jail for Burundi head teacher busted sitting student's exam  BBC News

A court in Burundi has sentenced a head teacher to five years in prison for trying to disguise himself as a student and sit a national exam on another person's ...

BBC News
Burundi suspends some NGO's for violating new law  Reuters

BUJUMBURA (Reuters) - Burundi has suspended some local and international non-governmental organizations for three months for violating a new law, ...

Reuters
Burundi votes tomorrow on controversial constitutional amendments. A lot is at stake.  The Washington Post

On Thursday, Burundi will hold a referendum to revise its constitution. The current constitution, adopted in 2005, grew from the 2000 Arusha Peace and ...

The Washington Post
Burundi orders foreign NGOs to comply with law imposing ethnic staff quotas  Business Day

Burundi has decided to suspend the activities of most foreign nongovernmental organisations (NGOs) until they comply with a new law imposing tighter controls ...

Business Day
Burundi’s President Says He Won’t Seek Another Term  New York Times

Critics had feared that *fresh* violence could erupt if Pierre Nkurunziza's push for a new Constitution proved to be a prelude to his running again in 2020.

New York Times
26 Killed in Burundi Attack, Minister Says, Blaming Terrorists  New York Times

BUJUMBURA, Burundi — At least 26 people were killed and seven others wounded in an attack in a rural area of Burundi, the country's security minister said on ...

New York Times
Mali name squad for Afcon qualifiers against Burundi  BBC Sport

Mali coach Mohammed Magassouba calls up 18-year old Cheick Oumar Doucouré and France-born striker Alimani Gory ahead of the Nations Cup qualifiers ...

BBC Sport
Burundi village attack leaves 26 dead ahead of referendum  BBC News

At least 26 people were killed after armed attackers targeted a village in north-west Burundi, amid tensions ahead of a controversial referendum. The group ...

BBC News
Burundi could quit UN Human Rights Council  africanews

Burundi on Monday threatened to withdraw from the United Nations Human Rights Council and sue its commissioners who authored a 272-page report that said ...

africanews
Preventing conflict in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Stephen Hickey, UK Political Co-ordinator, at the Security Council Briefing on the Situation in Burundi.

GOV.UK
Three Burundi soldiers killed in ambush: police  News24

At least three Burundian soldiers were killed and five others injured in an attack outside of the capital Bujumbura at the weekend, police and media sources have ...

News24
Burundi unrest: UN report condemns rights abuses  Aljazeera.com

A UN commission of inquiry into human rights violations in Burundi is presenting its findings in Geneva.

Aljazeera.com
Burundi: Renew UN Inquiry  Human Rights Watch

The United Nations Human Rights Council should renew the mandate for the Commission of Inquiry on Burundi during its ongoing session in Geneva.

Human Rights Watch
Burundian refugee returns must be voluntary and sustainable  UNHCR

UNHCR, the UN Refugee Agency, and partners are urging Tanzania to ensure Burundian refugee returns are voluntary and based on individual choices – in ...

UNHCR
Addressing Peacebuilding Efforts in Burundi  GOV.UK

Statement by Ambassador Jonathan Allen at the Security Council briefing on Burundi.

GOV.UK
Burundi should no longer be on UN Security Council's agenda, says Foreign Minister  UN News

The United Nations Security Council should “have the courage to remove Burundi from its agenda”, Foreign Minister Ezekiel Nibigira said on Saturday from the ...

UN News
 

Burundi Videos

BURUNDI abitwaje ibigwanisho bagabye igitero gikomeye
08:13:31
BURUNDI abitwaje ibigwanisho bagabye igitero gikomeye
BYOSE KU IHAGARIKWA RY'BASIRIKARI MU BURUNDI, NA GAHUNDA YO GUTA MURI YOMBI ABATEGETSI BAKURU
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BYOSE KU IHAGARIKWA RY'BASIRIKARI MU BURUNDI, NA GAHUNDA YO GUTA MURI YOMBI ABATEGETSI BAKURU
Amakuru abyutse aca ibintu u Rwanda n'U Burundi na Africa y'Epfo politiki irashyushye NTUCIKWE
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Amakuru abyutse aca ibintu u Rwanda n'U Burundi na Africa y'Epfo politiki irashyushye NTUCIKWE
Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
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Kamwe Kamwe - Inside Burundi’s Killing Machine: full documentary - BBC Africa Eye
INGABO ZIRATEGUYE // U BURUNDI BWITEGUYE KWIRWANAHO
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INGABO ZIRATEGUYE // U BURUNDI BWITEGUYE KWIRWANAHO
NYUMA Y'IMYIGARAGAMBYO // AMAKURU AVA MU BURUNDI
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NYUMA Y'IMYIGARAGAMBYO // AMAKURU AVA MU BURUNDI
Geography Now! Burundi
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Geography Now! Burundi
Life in Burundi
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Life in Burundi
PPF SHOW with KIRIKOU AKILI ( BE TV Burundi )
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PPF SHOW with KIRIKOU AKILI ( BE TV Burundi )
WATCH THE HEALING JESUS CAMPAIGN, LIVE FROM KAYANZA - BURUNDI. DAY 1.
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WATCH THE HEALING JESUS CAMPAIGN, LIVE FROM KAYANZA - BURUNDI. DAY 1.
 

Burundi Images

Robert Drewe on why he's never going to Burundi
Robert Drewe on why he's never going to Burundi
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Maps of Rwanda | Detailed map of Rwanda in English ...
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Short break in Lake Ohrid, Macedonia | Wanderlust
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Country Guides - World Travel Guide
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White house Vector Image - 1553070 | StockUnlimited
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File:China on the globe (Asia centered) (alternative).svg ...
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Casa Mila (La Pedrera), Barcelona, Spain - Map, Facts ...
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Aula Magna - Château de Chillon™
Mauryan-era Ashoka pillar withers away | Media India Group
Mauryan-era Ashoka pillar withers away | Media India Group
 

Burundi WebSites

 

Burundi Wiki

Burundi ( (listen), ), officially the Republic of Burundi (Kirundi: Republika y'Uburundi, [buˈɾundi]; French: République du Burundi, [buʁundi] or [byʁyndi]), is a landlocked country in the African Great Lakes region of East Africa, bordered by Rwanda to the north, Tanzania to the east and south, and the Democratic Republic of the Congo to the west. It is also considered part of Central Africa. Burundi's capital is Bujumbura. The southwestern border is adjacent to Lake Tanganyika.The Twa, Hutu and Tutsi peoples have lived in Burundi for at least 500 years. For more than 200 of those years, Burundi was an independent kingdom, until the beginning of the 20th century, when Germany colonised the region. After the First World War and Germany's defeat, it ceded the territory to Belgium. Both Germans and Belgians ruled Burundi and Rwanda as a European colony known as Ruanda-Urundi. Despite common misconceptions, Burundi and Rwanda had never been under common rule until the time of European colonisation.Burundi gained independence in 1962 and initially had a monarchy, but a series of assassinations, coups and a general climate of regional instability culminated in the establishment of a republic and one-party state in 1966. Bouts of ethnic cleansing and ultimately two civil wars and genocides during the 1970s and again in the 1990s left the country undeveloped and its population as one of the world's poorest. 2015 witnessed large-scale political strife as President Pierre Nkurunziza opted to run for a third term in office, a coup attempt failed and the country's parliamentary and presidential elections were broadly criticised by members of the international community.The sovereign state of Burundi political system is that of a presidential representative democratic republic based upon a multi-party state. The President of Burundi is the head of state and head of government. There are currently 21 registered parties in Burundi. On 13 March 1992, Tutsi coup leader Pierre Buyoya established a constitution, which provided for a multi-party political process and reflected multi-party competition. Six years later, on 6 June 1998, the constitution was changed, broadening National Assembly's seats and making provisions for two vice-presidents. Because of the Arusha Accord, Burundi enacted a transitional government in 2000. In October 2016, Burundi informed the UN of its intention to withdraw from the International Criminal Court.Burundi remains an overwhelmingly rural society, with just 13% of the population living in urban areas in 2013. The population density of around 315 people per square kilometre (753 per sq mi) is the second highest in Sub-Saharan Africa. Roughly 85% of the population are of Hutu ethnic origin, 15% are Tutsi, and fewer than 1% are indigenous Twa. The official languages of Burundi are Kirundi, French and English, Kirundi being recognised officially as the sole national language.One of the smallest countries in Africa, Burundi has an equatorial climate. Burundi is a part of the Albertine Rift, the western extension of the East African Rift. The country lies on a rolling plateau in the centre of Africa. The highest peak, Mount Heha at 2,685 m (8,810 ft), lies to the southeast of the capital, Bujumbura. The most distant source of the River Nile is the Ruvyironza River in the Bururi Province of Burundi, the Nile is linked from Lake Victoria to its headwaters via the Kagera River to the Ruvyironza River. Another major lake is Lake Tanganyika, located in much of Burundi's southwestern corner. There are two national parks, Kibira National Park to the northwest (a small region of rain forest, adjacent to Nyungwe Forest National Park in Rwanda), and Ruvubu National Park to the northeast (along the Rurubu River, also known as Ruvubu or Ruvuvu). Both were established in 1982 to conserve wildlife populations. Burundi's lands are mostly agricultural or pasture.Settlement by rural populations has led to deforestation, soil erosion and habitat loss. Deforestation of the entire country is almost completely due to overpopulation, with a mere 600 km2 (230 sq mi) remaining and an ongoing loss of about 9% per annum. In addition to poverty, Burundians often have to deal with corruption, weak infrastructure, poor access to health and education services, and hunger. Burundi is densely populated and has had substantial emigration as young people seek opportunities elsewhere. The World Happiness Report 2018 ranked Burundi as the world's least happy nation with a rank of 156.