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Brazil NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 06:38:50 GMTGoogle News
Brazil and Mexico Are Tired of Being Global Good Guys  Bloomberg

Latin America's biggest powers have some second thoughts about the liberal international order.

Brazil asks GE to remove transformers from grid: report  MarketWatch

Brazilian regulators have asked General Electric Co. GE, -1.91% to remove more than 600 of its transformers from Brazil's power grid, Reuters said Tuesday, ...

Travel - Why Brazilians love baby talk  BBC News

For a country so famous for its big stuff, Brazil can, in a funny way, be thought of as the land of the tiny. Practically no word is immune from diminution.

BBC News
Brazil Looking to Jump-Start Natural Gas Market  Natural Gas Intelligence

CEO Roberto Castello Branco of Brazil's Petroleo Brasileiro SA (Petrobras) at his recent swearing-in ceremony said the state-owned energy giant needs to ...

Natural Gas Intelligence
'Climate of panic': bombings in Brazil reveal growing power of gangs  The Guardian

Wave of attacks in Ceará state exposes how poverty and creaking prison system add up to perfect storm.

The Guardian
Airborne arachnids: Video appears to show 'wall of spiders' in Brazil sky | FOX13  FOX13 Memphis

A viral video is giving many people the heebie-jeebies, as it appears to show hundreds of airborne spiders forming a wall in the sky.

FOX13 Memphis
EMERGING MARKETS-Brazil stocks ease off record highs; Latam FX dips  Reuters

Brazil's benchmark stock index eased off record-high levels in see-saw trade on Tuesday as banking shares slipped but the retail sector notched robust gains, ...

Brazil's President Bolsonaro Just Made It A Lot Easier For Brazilians To Have Guns  NPR

Brazil's far-right President Jair Bolsonaro signed a decree significantly expanding the public's right to bear firearms in the belief that this will help reduce the ...

Brazil's far-right president Bolsonaro signs decree making it easier for people to buy guns  The Independent

Brazil's far-right President Jair Bolsonaro has signed a decree easing restrictions on civilians buying guns, the first step of a campaign promise to overturn the ...

The Independent
EMERGING MARKETS-Latam currencies weaken, Brazil shares come off record high  Reuters

Latin American currencies weakened on Tuesday, with the Mexican peso retreating from near three month highs, while stocks were pressured by Brazil shares ...

Brazil's 2018 halal food exports may hit $5 billion: certification firm  Reuters

Brazilian halal food exports grew about 10 percent in 2018, the country's largest halal certification firm said on Tuesday, despite fallout from a food sector ...

Here’s How Jair Bolsonaro Wants to Transform Brazil  The Atlantic

RIO DE JANEIRO—If you're shocked by the transformations that Jair Bolsonaro, Brazil's new president, is planning for his country, you haven't been paying ...

The Atlantic
Gisele Bündchen is a 'bad Brazilian', says Bolsonaro's agriculture minister  The Guardian

Tereza Cristina Dias said the model, who is a UN environment goodwill ambassador, should 'not go around criticizing Brazil'

The Guardian
Lack of papers endangers Venezuelan children in Brazil  Reuters

RIO DE JANEIRO (Thomson Reuters Foundation) - Fleeing poverty and hunger, at least 1000 Venezuelan children arrived at Brazil's main entry point ...

It's Raining Spiders in Brazil  Popular Mechanics

In case you don't have enough nightmare fuel, try moving to the Brazilian town of Espírito Santo do Dourado. There, residents have reported that the sky is ...

Popular Mechanics
Brazil to fight invasions by landless workers: official  Reuters

BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazil's right-wing government under President Jair Bolsonaro will seek to classify invasions of farmland by landless workers movements ...

Brazil's Bolsonaro branded a 'modern Hitler' by rival leader  SBS News

Venezuelan President Nicolas Maduro has called the Brazilian President Jair Bolsonaro a modern Adolf Hitler, days after Brasilia officially recognised an ...

SBS News
Norsk Hydro says Brazil state authority lifts Alunorte production embargo  Reuters

Norwegian aluminum-maker Norsk Hydro ASA said on Tuesday that Brazil's northern state of Para has lifted a production embargo on its Alunorte alumina ...

Bolsonaro acts; Brazil’s socio-environmental groups resist  Mongabay.com

The Bolsonaro administration is barely two weeks old, but the new president and his appointees continue to make incendiary statements and press forward with ...

A Right Wing President Takes Over A Brazil Weakened By The Left  Forbes

Brazil's new president Jair Bolsonaro faces an uphill battle -- both economically and socially.

Brazil keen to enhance bilateral trade ties  The Express Tribune

QUETTA: Keeping in view that the China-Pakistan Economic Corridor project will open trade doors for Pakistan with other countries, Brazilian Ambassador to ...

The Express Tribune
Bolsonaro Pulls Brazil From U.N. Migration Accord  The New York Times

RIO DE JANEIRO — President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil said Wednesday that his government would no longer be a party to a United Nations migration accord ...

The New York Times
Cesare Battisti arrest highlights rightwing alliance of Italy and Brazil  The Guardian

Matteo Salvini celebrates likely extradition of leftwing militant by Jair Bolsonaro.

The Guardian
Brazil downgrades climate diplomacy in Bolsonaro shake-up  Climate Home

Environment made subservient to "national sovereignty" in a foreign ministry restructure under climate sceptic Ernesto Araújo.

Climate Home
Brazil Dissolves Its Ministry of Culture | Smart News  Smithsonian.com

The change is part of a rash of reforms by new Brazilian president Jair Bolsonaro.

Sérgio Moro takes his crusade inside Brazil’s halls of power  Financial Times

Judge's decision to join Bolsonaro's government has led to conflict-of-interest accusations.

Financial Times
'Raining spiders': airborne arachnids appear over south-east Brazil  The Guardian

Soaring temperatures bring tales of eight-legged invaders as huge numbers of communal species spin invisible webs in the sky.

The Guardian
President Bolsonaro should boost Brazil’s entrepreneurial ecosystem  TechCrunch

Romero Rodrigues is a managing partner at Redpoint eVentures, the Brazilian-focused arm of the Silicon Valley venture firm Redpoint. More posts by this ...

Brazil miner Vale gets approval to buy three wind farms in northeast  Reuters

Iron ore miner Vale SA has won approval from Brazil's antitrust regulator to buy three wind farms in the northeast of the country from investment fund Salus, ...

What the first days of Bolsonaro’s presidency say about the direction he will take Brazil  The Washington Post

SAO PAULO — Brazil's jolt to the right in the three days since President Jair Bolsonaro's inauguration has been faster and more severe than even his critics may ...

The Washington Post
Balfar Solar wants to bring production of solar cells to Brazil  pv magazine International

The Brazilian module maker expects to start construction of a factory in the state of Tocantins in the second half of the year. The project is receiving support from ...

pv magazine International
Opinion: Relaxing Brazil's Gun Laws Could Make A Murderous Country Even Deadlier  NPR

Brazilians are desperate for public safety, but the president's plan to dismantle firearm legislation is the wrong way to reduce crime, writes security researcher ...

Gay Couples Rush to Wed Before Brazil’s New President Takes Office  The New York Times

The incoming president, Jair Bolsonaro, has promised to end same-sex marriage, leading to a surge in the number of gay weddings before his inauguration.

The New York Times
Exclusive: Brazil's Odebrecht offers debt-for-equity swap for Atvos unit - sources  Reuters

Corruption-ensnared Odebrecht SA [ODBES.UL] has proposed that creditors take over its sugar and ethanol unit, Atvos Agroindustrial Participacoes SA, ...

Boeing Roundup: Brazil OKs Embraer deal… Record commercial deliveries  Chicago Business Journal

The Brazilian government has approved the Boeing-Embraer commercial aircraft joint venture. Here's more on this and other Boeing news reported by The ...

Chicago Business Journal
Bonding with Brazil - Dal News  Dal News

Hosting an international conference on curing light technology proved to be the perfect launchpad for an international collaboration with Brazil that has led to ...

Dal News
Brazilian house Jardim do Sol sits atop garage for owner's antique cars  Dezeen

A glass-bottomed pool forms a massive window to the antique car garage underneath Jardim do Sol house in Brazil's Porto Alegre, designed by Hype Studio.

Brazil approves Boeing-Embraer partnership, committing to keep local jobs  CNBC

The Brazilian government has approved a proposed partnership between planemakers Embraer and Boeing to go forward, capping weeks of uncertainty in ...

Manufactured Cities: A Case Study of the First Smart City in Brazil  ArchDaily

Why the Smart City Laguna, the first smart city in Brazil, is nothing but a traditional neighborhood and is a sale success.

The contradictions of Brazil’s foreign policy  The Economist

IN BRAZIL PAST glory is more frequently associated with diplomacy than with military feats,” notes Rubens Ricupero, a former minister, in his monumental ...

The Economist
Brazil's Deep Divisions Are Symbolized By Musician's Murder  NPR

In Brazil on New Year's Day, a congressman from the far right will be sworn in as president. His rise to power has created deep divisions among Brazilians, ...

Footballer affected by lightning strike in Brazil youth game  Arab News

SAO PAULO: A Brazilian footballer needed medical attention after lightning hit the field during a youth tournament match. Lightning struck during the Copa Sao ...

Arab News
GE Expands Engine Testing As GEnx Test Cell In Brazil Ramps Up  MRO Network

Three months after its official opening last October, GE Celma's new test cell at Tres Rios, Brazil, is providing expanded capacity, and a state of the art facility for ...

MRO Network
Bradesco Doing Well With Improving Brazilian Economy  Seeking Alpha

Bradesco is the third largest bank in Brazil. The stock has tripled since 2016. Brazilian economy has improved.

Seeking Alpha
Horizonte granted construction permit for Araguaia nickel project in Brazil  International Mining

Brazil-focused ferronickel developer takes a leap forward with construction licence. Next step is funding the $443 million project.

International Mining
Trump Praises Brazil's New President Nicknamed "Trump Of South America"  NDTV News

US President Donald Trump likes Brazil's controversial new leader Jair Bolsonaro -- especially his nickname.

Jair Bolsonaro, on Day 1, Undermines Indigenous Brazilians' Rights  The New York Times

RIO DE JANEIRO — President Jair Bolsonaro of Brazil, who has compared indigenous communities living in protected lands to animals in zoos, took a major ...

The New York Times
Petrobras produced 2.03 mln bpd in Brazil in 2018, shy of target  Reuters

Petroleo Brasileiro produced an average of 2.03 million barrels per day (bpd) in Brazil last year, the oil company said in a statement on Tuesday, just below the ...

US seeks close ties with Brazil's new leader  The Associated Press

WASHINGTON (AP) — The Trump administration is seeking to cement close ties with Brazil's incoming far-right leader with a visit to the country next week by ...

The Associated Press
Brazil's environmental chief resigns after Bolsonaro criticism  Aljazeera.com

Head of agency in charge of protecting the Amazon rainforest quits after Brazilian president questions spending.

New Brazil government riven by divisions, policy confusion  Reuters

Brazil's new far-right President Jair Bolsonaro has stumbled out of the gate with infighting, policy flip-flops and confusion in his one-week-old government, ...

From Brazil to Napa Valley: Isabel Freeman works as social media 'influencer'  Napa Valley Register

Isabel Freeman said she decided to move to San Francisco from her native Brazil in 2015 to improve her English. A few months later, she moved to Napa Valley ...

Napa Valley Register
Horror as football player gets struck by lightning during match in Brazil  Mirror Online

Agua Santa defender Henrique had a lucky escape despite being struck by lightening during an under-20s match in Sao Paulo.

Mirror Online
Bolsonaro loosens gun laws in Brazil  Bendigo Advertiser

Newly-elected President Jair Bolsonaro has signed a decree making it easier for many Brazilians to own firearms, the first of many expected changes to overhau ...

Bendigo Advertiser
The uncontacted tribes of Brazil face genocide under Jair Bolsonaro  The Guardian

Brazil's indigenous peoples face a powerful foe in the new president, says Fiona Watson of Survival International.

The Guardian
Brazilian offer of U.S. base in doubt, opposed by military  Reuters

Brazil's National Security Adviser Augusto Heleno said on Tuesday that right-wing President Jair Bolsonaro had not offered to host a U.S. military base or ...

Violence continues in Brazilian state despite security force presence  The Guardian

Deployment yet to yield results as vehicles and petrol stations are attacked across Ceará.

The Guardian
Brazil's oil revenue is set to fuel multibillion-dollar warship program  DefenseNews.com

RIO DE JANEIRO — The incoming Brazilian government is poised to follow through on a plan to funnel oil and gas revenue toward new defense spending, ...

Quinto Andar: The Brazilian Startup Changing The Rentals Market Plans Further Disruption  Forbes

After simplifying rental processes for tenants and landlords in Brazil with his startup Quinto Andar, Gabriel Braga plans to explore more pioneering business ...

Brazil gang attacks challenge Bolsonaro's security strategy  Reuters

Criminal gangs on a rampage in northeast Brazil are posing an early security test for new far-right President Jair Bolsonaro, highlighting the challenge he faces ...

Why Walmart failed in Brazil  CNBC

Walmart operates more than 11,000 locations across 27 countries. In June 2018, Walmart sold 80 percent of its stake in Brazil, a country where it once had 558 ...

Dozens of tourists in Brazil robbed on trail to Rio’s famous Christ the Redeemer statue  The Washington Post

SAO PAULO, Brazil — Dozens of tourists hiking toward the famous Christ the Redeemer statue in Rio de Janeiro were held at gunpoint for up to two hours in a ...

The Washington Post
Brazil legend Pele offers support to 'son of Santos' Neymar  Daily Mail

The 26-year-old has scored 18 goals in 21 appearances for the Ligue 1 outfit this campaign. Three-time World Cup winner Pele has opened up on his ...

Daily Mail
In Climate Change Fight, Brazil Owes Nothing, Minister Says  Bloomberg

Brazil owes nothing in the fight against global climate change and should be paid for its work so far, according to the country's new environment minister.

Bolsonomics: the reform plans of Brazil’s new president  Financial Times

Does Jair Bolsonaro have the political will to push through his economic proposals?

Financial Times
Brazil says it recognizes Venezuelan opposition leader as president  Reuters

Brazil's government on Saturday issued a statement saying it recognized Venezuela's Congressional leader, who opposes President Nicolas Maduro, as the ...

Promoters refuse to tap out, but struggle with crisis in Brazilian MMA  MMA Fighting

Local MMA shows have become rarer and rarer in Brazil — and that's a problem for region that once dominated the sport.

MMA Fighting
Scandal involving Brazil president-elect's son clouds inauguration  Reuters

A lingering financial scandal involving Brazilian President-elect Jair Bolsonaro's son has soured his inauguration next week and tarnished the reputation of a ...

Brazil environmental minister still likely to serve Bolsonaro despite misconduct  The Guardian

A judge has found that Brazil's new environment minister altered plans for an environmentally protected area in order to favour businesses, but he is still likely to ...

The Guardian
Marielle and Monica: the LGBT activists resisting Bolsonaro's Brazil - video  The Guardian

Marielle Franco, Brazilian LGBT and human rights activist, was killed in March 2018. Her widow, Monica Benicio, continued her fight for better treatment of the ...

The Guardian
Brazil’s biggest tribal reserve faces uncertain future under Bolsonaro  The Guardian

The indigenous leader and campaigning photographer who fought to create Brazil's biggest tribal reserve warned it could be threatened under the far-right ...

The Guardian
Brazil fails to replace thousands of doctors who left after Cuba spat  The Guardian

Government said it filled vacancies after Jair Bolsonaro's comments sparked exodus – but 2,439 replacements failed to show up for work. Reuters in Brasilia.

The Guardian
Softwood lumber exports from Brazil up 36 per cent: WRQ - Wood Business  Canadian Forest Industries

Softwood lumber exports from Brazil have increased 36 per cent from January through November this year as compared to the same period in 2017. In U.S..

Canadian Forest Industries
Brazil’s snow to Peru’s monsoon: Kerala tea shop couple’s globetrot hits 23 countries  The News Minute

Tell me if you want me to pawn your title deed and bring you the money so you could travel too. Vijayan has found a simple solution for me to travel, just like him ...

The News Minute
The radical agenda of Brazil’s new president  The Economist

HOPE, FINALLY, defeated fear,” declared Luiz Inácio Lula da Silva upon becoming Brazil's president 16 years ago. Many Brazilians greeted the election of Lula, ...

The Economist
Brazilian Spiritual Healer Surrenders Amid Sex Abuse Claims  TIME

A famous Brazilian "spiritual healer" has turned himself into authorities after being accused by hundreds of women of sexual abuse.

Brazil quits U.N. migration pact, will still take in Venezuelan refugees: source  Reuters

Brazil has pulled out of a United Nations pact on dealing with rising migration, joining the United States and a growing number of countries in rejecting the ...

Backing up Brazil's internet so Bolsonaro can't censor it  Columbia Journalism Review

Unless you like to look at old websites or video games, you probably don't think much about The Internet Archive, a project that was founded by tech pioneer ...

Columbia Journalism Review
Portuguese magazine gives Brazilian perspective on Claudia Hoerig murder trial  Youngstown Vindicator

By Ed Runyan · runyan@vindy.com. warren. A translation of the Portuguese-language Brazilian magazine Consultor Juridico provides a Brazilian perspective ...

Youngstown Vindicator
Brazil's president says NGO funding will be tightly controlled  Reuters

Nongovernmental organizations working in Brazil will have their public funding rigidly controlled, President Jair Bolsonaro said on Monday, as part of increased ...

Brazil's chief justice dashes da Silva's hopes for release  Fox News

The chief justice of Brazil's Supreme Federal Court quickly overturned a lower court ruling Wednesday that could have opened the way for former President Luiz ...

Fox News
Majority Of Brazilians Against Reducing Indigenous Reservations  Folha de S.Paulo

Six in every 10 Brazilians oppose reducing the area destined to indigenous reservations in the Amazon. The topic is back into the public discussion since ...

Folha de S.Paulo
Brazil’s Media Prepares for War  Slate

The polarized Brazilian presidential election, which ended in October, was a contest characterized by disinformation and attacks on the press. This “war on truth” ...

Brazil's Bolsonaro stages social media soap opera  DW (English)

The Bolsonaro family use social media to present their life as a reality soap opera. Their carefully crafted, highly-watched presidential telenovela is setting the ...

DW (English)
Brazilian healer accused of sexually abusing more than 300 women  CNN

Brazilian faith healer João Teixeira de Faria is accused of sexually abusing more than 300 women,Brazil's state media agency reported, citing the Department of ...

The end of Brazil's More Doctors programme?  The BMJ

BMJ 2018; 363 doi: https://doi.org/10.1136/bmj.k5247 (Published 18 December 2018) Cite this as: BMJ 2018;363:k5247. Article; Related *content*; Metrics ...

How will Brazil's Jair Bolsonaro impact the world?  Aljazeera.com

Incoming president of Brazil is a far-right populist with an affinity for military dictatorships of the country's past.

Brazil's new foreign minister says country will abandon globalism  Reuters

BRASILIA (Reuters) - Brazil's new Foreign Minister Ernesto Araujo said on Wednesday that his country would revert to its former, less globalist policies and ...

Brazil judge overturns injunction that blocked Embraer-Boeing deal  Reuters

A Brazilian judge overturned on Friday a decision that put the brakes on planemaker Embraer's proposed sale of 80 percent of its commercial aviation division to ...

Indigenous People, the First Victims of Brazil’s New Far-Right Government  Inter Press Service

"We are fighting for the demarcation of our territory," reads a banner in a march of indigenous women who came to Rio de Janeiro from the communities of the ...

Inter Press Service
Brazil's new science and technology minister takes over  ZDNet

Brazil's new minister of science, technology, innovation and communications has taken over yesterday (2), citing intentions of focusing on cybersecurity and ...

'We've been forgotten': Brazil's Zika generation  Channel NewsAsia

When doctors told her that the six-month-old fetus she was carrying had severe brain damage caused by the Zika virus, Thamires Ferreira da Silva ...

Channel NewsAsia
New corruption charge against Brazil's President Michel Temer  Al Jazeera English

Third corruption charge levelled at the outgoing president, who on January 1 will be succeeded by Jair Bolsonaro.

Al Jazeera English
From Brazil: Everton in race with Liverpool and Man United for €50m player, wants England move  Sport Witness

Brazilian website UOL brings good news today for all the Premier League clubs who are interested in signing defender Éder MIlitão from FC Porto.

Sport Witness
The Brazilian footballer who never was  BBC News

Douglas Braga looked set to have a promising career as a footballer in Brazil - so why did he not?

BBC News
'We arrive sick and hungry': Venezuelans in Brazil – in pictures  The Guardian

In Boa Vista city, camps offer shelter to people fleeing a country in crisis, helping them to relocate and find jobs, in a bid to ease growing tensions.

The Guardian
Jair Bolsonaro takes office as Brazil's president – in pictures  The Guardian

The inauguration of the Brazilian president took place in Brasilia.

The Guardian
Step Inside Brazil’s Museu Nacional, Before the Devastating Blaze  Atlas Obscura

A meteorite is seen amid debris at Rio de Janeiro's treasured National Museum on September 3, 2018, a day after a massive fire ripped through the building.

Atlas Obscura
Brazil's President Jair Bolsonaro to headline Davos meet in Donald Trump's absence  Times Now

Brasilia: Brazil's new far-right President Jair Bolsonaro is expected to be the star attraction at this year's Davos Forum, taking place next week at a time of ...

Times Now

Brazil Videos

Declan McKenna - Brazil (Official Video)
Declan McKenna - Brazil (Official Video)
Vengaboys - To Brazil!
Vengaboys - To Brazil!
Bebi Dol - Brazil - (Audio 1991) HD
Bebi Dol - Brazil - (Audio 1991) HD
Baby Doll-Brazil lyric
Baby Doll-Brazil lyric
Chase In Brazil
Chase In Brazil
Brazilian Elections: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Brazilian Elections: Last Week Tonight with John Oliver (HBO)
Travel To Brazil | Full History And Documentary About Brazil In Urdu & Hindi | برازیل کی سیر
Travel To Brazil | Full History And Documentary About Brazil In Urdu & Hindi | برازیل کی سیر
Why Did Walmart Fail In Brazil?
Why Did Walmart Fail In Brazil?

Brazil Images

Brazil love motel for pets opens doors - CNN
Brazil love motel for pets opens doors - CNN
The Brazil Current
The Brazil Current
The most dangerous cities in brazil by roryt11 - Infogram
The most dangerous cities in brazil by roryt11 - Infogram
Posto 9 Footage | Stock Clips
Posto 9 Footage | Stock Clips
Bromeliads in Australia - goiana
Bromeliads in Australia - goiana
MORHAN videos
MORHAN videos
BRIC interest rates - India China Russia Brazil
BRIC interest rates - India China Russia Brazil
Bromeliads in Australiax - sucrei
Bromeliads in Australiax - sucrei
The Dunes of Lençòis, Maranhão - Erieta Attali
The Dunes of Lençòis, Maranhão - Erieta Attali
São Luis Shopping
São Luis Shopping

Brazil WebSites

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: ), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen (help · info)), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America.
Brazil: Brazil, country of South America that occupies half the continent’s landmass. It is the fifth largest and fifth most-populous country in the world. Brazil contains most of the Amazon River basin, which has the world’s largest river system and the world’s most-extensive virgin rainforest.
Brazil Tourism: TripAdvisor has 14,428,573 reviews of Brazil Hotels, Attractions, and Restaurants making it your best Brazil resource.
Explore Brazil holidays and discover the best time and places to visit. | One of the world's most captivating places, Brazil is a country of powdery white-sand beaches, verdant rainforests and wild, rhythm-filled metropolises.
Brazil enjoys an extensive coastline that measures almost 7 500 kilometres (or more than 4 600 miles). Its other borders are made up of Venezuela, Guyana, Suriname, French Guiana, Colombia, Bolivia, Peru, Argentina, Paraguay and Uruguay.
Brazil is definitively one of the top ten movies of all times. Its a sort of anti-Utopian spectacle, in the same fashion of George Orwell's 1984.

Brazil Wiki

Brazil (Portuguese: Brasil Portuguese pronunciation: [bɾaˈziw]), officially the Federative Republic of Brazil (Portuguese: República Federativa do Brasil, listen ), is the largest country in both South America and Latin America. At 8.5 million square kilometers (3.2 million square miles) and with over 208 million people, Brazil is the world's fifth-largest country by area and the fifth most populous. The capital is Brasília, and the most populated city is São Paulo. The federation is composed of the union of the 26 states, the Federal District, and the 5,570 municipalities. It is the largest country to have Portuguese as an official language and the only one in the Americas; it is also one of the most multicultural and ethnically diverse nations, due to over a century of mass immigration from around the world.Bounded by the Atlantic Ocean on the east, Brazil has a coastline of 7,491 kilometers (4,655 mi). It borders all other South American countries except Ecuador and Chile and covers 47.3% of the continent's land area. Its Amazon River basin includes a vast tropical forest, home to diverse wildlife, a variety of ecological systems, and extensive natural resources spanning numerous protected habitats. This unique environmental heritage makes Brazil one of 17 megadiverse countries, and is the subject of significant global interest and debate regarding deforestation and environmental protection.Brazil was inhabited by numerous tribal nations prior to the landing in 1500 of explorer Pedro Álvares Cabral, who claimed the area for the Portuguese Empire. Brazil remained a Portuguese colony until 1808, when the capital of the empire was transferred from Lisbon to Rio de Janeiro. In 1815, the colony was elevated to the rank of kingdom upon the formation of the United Kingdom of Portugal, Brazil and the Algarves. Independence was achieved in 1822 with the creation of the Empire of Brazil, a unitary state governed under a constitutional monarchy and a parliamentary system. The ratification of the first constitution in 1824 led to the formation of a bicameral legislature, now called the National Congress. The country became a presidential republic in 1889 following a military coup d'état. An authoritarian military junta came to power in 1964 and ruled until 1985, after which civilian governance resumed. Brazil's current constitution, formulated in 1988, defines it as a democratic federal republic. Due to its rich culture and history, the country ranks thirteenth in the world by number of UNESCO World Heritage Sites.Brazil is considered an advanced emerging economy. It has the eighth largest GDP in the world by both nominal and PPP measures. It is one of the world's major breadbaskets, being the largest producer of coffee for the last 150 years. It is classified as an upper-middle income economy by the World Bank and a newly industrialized country, with the largest share of global wealth in Latin America. Brazil is a regional power and sometimes considered a great or a middle power in international affairs. On account of its international recognition and influence, the country is subsequently classified as an emerging power and a potential superpower by several analysts. Brazil is a founding member of the United Nations, the G20, BRICS, Union of South American Nations, Mercosul, Organization of American States, Organization of Ibero-American States and the Community of Portuguese Language Countries.