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Botswana NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Mon, 17 Dec 2018 17:56:53 GMTGoogle News
Botswana's Zebras struggling to repeat 2012 Afcon success  BBC Sport

Former Botswana striker Dipsy Selolwane, Zebras' coach David Bright and FA president Maclean Letshwiti on how to improve the national team's fortunes.

BBC Sport
Metal Tiger receives licence confirmations for Botswana joint venture  Proactive Investors UK

Metal Tiger (LON:MTR) - Tshukudu was formed as the result of a re-jigging of the relationship with MOD Resources.

Proactive Investors UK
Botswana's big men battle it out | News | Africa  Mail and Guardian

Botswana's President Mokgweetsi Masisi has made sweeping changes to the government. (Monirul Bhuiyan/AFP). Comments. AddThis Sharing Buttons.

Mail and Guardian
Feature: Young population in Botswana enthusiastic about learning Chinese for dream jobs - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Dec. 16 (Xinhua) -- A burst of enthusiasm about learning the Chinese language is seen among young population in Botswana as a way to gain a ...

Dischem opens first Botswana store  Mmegi Online

Regional Manager, James Benadie said they were confident of the new market they have just entered into, with only Clicks to compete with. “We are excited.

Mmegi Online
Nigeria trash Botswana to progress to Copa Coca-cola final  Daily Post Nigeria

Friday, December 14th, 2018: Nigeria claimed a COPA Coca-Cola African Cup Final spot following a 5-0 thrashing of Botswana on December 14, 2018 at ...

Daily Post Nigeria
Young population in Botswana enthusiastic about learning Chinese for dream jobs  Global Times

A burst of enthusiasm about learning the Chinese language is seen among young population in Botswana as a way to gain a competitive advantage in the job ...

Global Times
Protecting Botswana's elephants isn't a numbers gam...  Daily Maverick

Recent developments threaten Botswana's well-established status as a successful conservation country. By Richard Chelin for ISS TODAY.

Daily Maverick
Botswana to co-host US Army Africa conference  Stars and Stripes

VICENZA, Italy — U.S. Army Africa's premier event, a conference of Africa's army chiefs, will be held next year in Botswana, one of the continent's most stable ...

Stars and Stripes
Copa: Kenya tackle Botswana in hunt for second win  The Standard

Vanessa Nangekhe ((left) of Kenya battles for the ball with Temdai Museza (right) of Zimbawe during the Copa Coca -cola under 16 Africa Cup at Nakuru High ...

The Standard
Northland Capital Partners View on the City - Botswana Diamonds, Edenville Energy, Savannah Resources & Management Resource Solutions  Proactive Investors UK


Proactive Investors UK
Kenya hit Botswana to reach Copa U-16 last eight in Nakuru  The Star, Kenya

Botswana's, Leatile Lekhutile (in blue) sprints towards the Kenyan goalpost as Kenya's, Leon David looks on during the COPA Coca-Cola Africa Cup ...

The Star, Kenya
Confusion over Botswana's elephant population | Independent on Saturday  Independent Online

Botswana's parliament passed a motion considering lifting the ban on elephant trophy hunting, citing an increase in both the elephant population.

Independent Online
Accommodation drama for SA athletes in Botswana  Sport24

Upon arrival in Gaborone for the 2018 Region v Games event, South Africa's athletes were met with some logistical issues.

BBC World Service - Newsday, An MP in Botswana wants to introduce elephant culling  BBC News

MP Kosta Markus believes there are now too many elephants in Botswana.

BBC News
Otago graduate takes national role in Botswana  Otago Daily Times

The first student to graduate with a PhD from the University of Otago's Centre for International Health has taken up a top position in Botswana. Dr Onalenna ...

Otago Daily Times
Commercial Law In Botswana - Corporate/Commercial Law - Botswana  Mondaq News Alerts

Botswana, formerly a British protectorate, became independent in 1966. It is a landlocked country in southern Africa, bordered by Zimbabwe to the northeast, ...

Mondaq News Alerts
Botswana High Court to hear decriminalization case in 2019  Washington Blade

The Botswana High Court in March will hear a case that challenges a colonial-era law that criminalizes consensual same-sex sexual activity in the country.

Washington Blade
Botswana Diamonds struggling to attract investors as losses mount  The Irish Times

Irish-headquartered explorer hails progress on some fronts but says sector 'out of favour'

The Irish Times
Prince Harry to facilitate elephant transfer from Botswana to Zambia  africanews

Britain's Prince Harry has offered to support the Zambian governments efforts to boost tourism by facilitating a deal with Botswana to move some elephants to the ...

South Africa dominates Regional Youth Games in Botswana - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Dec. 14 (Xinhua) -- South Africa is dominating the eighth edition of the Africa Union Sports Council (AUSC) Region 5 youth games that are ...

Metal Tiger jumps as prospecting licences extended in Botswana  Proactive Investors UK

Metal Tiger (LON:MTR) - The natural resources investor said all prospecting licences for its joint venture in the country had been granted two-year extensions ...

Proactive Investors UK
Liquidator of Botswana nickel miner sounds cash shortage warning  Business Day

The liquidator of Botswana's state-owned nickel assets, Nigel Dixon-Warren, is in talks with a number of parties over the sale of the mines and smelter. But he ...

Business Day
Be incorruptible like Botswana, or become ‘chaotic’ Nigeria  Citizen

Correctional Services Deputy Minister Thabang Makwetla, front right, inspected a parade by tactical teams before liaising with different police and correctional ...

Botswana welcomes more Chinese investments: minister  The Herald

Botswana's Minister of Investment, Trade and Industry has said that the country welcomes more Chinese investments to assist in the realisation of Vision 2036.

The Herald
Farmers ecstatic at electric fence promise  Mmegi Online

Masisi made the announcement at a Kgotla meeting in Matsiloje during the village's centenary celebrations. A clearly worried Masisi partly said then: “…

Mmegi Online
Empowering local people to conserve Botswana's key flamingo breeding site  BirdLife International

Makgadikgadi wetland in Botswana is the most important breeding site for Flamingos in southern Africa. But human activity is damaging this vital ecosystem.

BirdLife International
Botswana Tourism officially joins WTTC  Independent Online

The South African nation's tourism agency is the latest agency to join the tourism council.

Independent Online
Vast Resources, Botswana Diamonds Deny Zimbabwe...  Morningstar

LONDON (Alliance News) - Vast Resources PLC said Friday, contrary to media reports, the company has received no official notification from the Zimbabwe ...

Botswana issues tender for 12 IPP solar projects  pv magazine International

Through the tender, the Botswana Power Corporation (BPC) is seeking independent power producers (IPPs) to provide more electricity connections within the ...

pv magazine International
COPA: Kenya and Botswana advance to quarters  Futaa

Kenya and Botswana have proceeded to the quarterfinals from Group A of the ongoing Copa Africa Cup of Nations. Kenya, which is represented by St Anthony's ...

Proteas thrash Botswana in netball Test  Sport24

The Proteas kept their title defence firmly on track with a second win at the Diamond Challenge netball tournament in Polokwane.

Mrs Botswana sees herself as Proverbs 31 woman  Mmegi Online

The 31-year-old wife and mother of two who hails from Serowe, married in Mochudi will be contesting against other beautiful queens from different countries ...

Mmegi Online
Botswana’s Minergy on track to supply coal to SA in 2019  Business Day

Minergy, a coal mining and trading company, is steaming ahead on its Masama Coal project in Botswana from which it expects to supply coal to the SA market ...

Business Day
Two Oceans Tuna Derby goes to Botswana  News24

The first prize in the annual Two Oceans Tuna Derby went to a team from Botswana, Silver Fox, at the competition held at the Atlantic Boat Club in Hout Bay on ...

Young Warriors dispatch Botswana  NewsDay

ZIMBABWE UNDER-20 . . . . . . . . (1) 2. BOTSWANA UNDER-20 . . . . . . . . (1) 1. TRIANGLE striker Delic Murimba gave the Zimbabwe national Under -20 side a ...

Botswana, Russia deadlock over top diamond post  Mmegi Online

Botswana's accredited ambassador to Russia currently operates from a permanent base in Stockholm, Sweden, a situation Russia has over the years been ...

Mmegi Online
Mozambique and Botswana work together on production of Foot-and-Mouth vaccines  Political Analysis South Africa

Mozambique could begin production of foot-and-mouth disease vaccines in an initiative that is a partnership between the country's Ministry of Agriculture and ...

Political Analysis South Africa
Botswana victim of AML double standards  The Patriot On Sunday

Last month I reported in this paper how the listing by the Financial Action Task Force (FATF) of Botswana as being of high risk to money laundering and terrorism ...

The Patriot On Sunday
Botswana's minister hails China for promptness in fulfilling pledges - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Nov. 17 (Xinhua) -- Botswana's Finance Minister Kenneth Matambo on Saturday hailed China for its promptness in fulfilling pledges of constructing ...

St. Anthony’s Mayoyo breathing fire ahead of Botswana tie  Citizen TV

Kenya's representatives St. Anthony head coach Peter Mayoyo wants a more beautiful show in their second match against Botswana on Wednesday.

Citizen TV
Protecting Botswana's elephants isn't a numbers game Protecting Botswana's elephants isn't a numbers game  Institute for Security Studies

While the numbers matter, they risk detracting attention from the issues at hand. Whether 87 or 19 elephants were killed, the reality remains that elephants were ...

Institute for Security Studies
Botswana's central bank maintains rate as inflation seen on target  african-markets.com

Botswana's central bank left its Bank Rate unchanged at 5.0 percent, saying the current state of the economy and the outlook suggests the prevailing monetary ...

Coetzee leads Team SA into action in Botswana  Team South Africa

Led by women's 200m butterfly swimmer, Dune Coetzee, Team South Africa joined nine nations at the opening ceremony of the 2018 Region V Games in ...

Team South Africa
Botswana over consultative!  The Patriot On Sunday

Botswana is weak in monitoring and evaluation of policies, and overly consultative, a situation that makes it difficult to implement policies. The National ...

The Patriot On Sunday
Botswana MP backs shooting of elephants  The Star, Kenya

A herd of desert elephants searches for water. An MP in Botswana has tabled a motion in Parliament to reintroduce elephant culling. /REUTERS ...

The Star, Kenya
Botswana targets South Africa's scalp  Mmegi Online

The team has set an ambitious target of winning 15 gold, 16 silver and 11 bronze medals. However, the team did not have a dream start after going down 54-24 ...

Mmegi Online
Botswana native Okorafor ready to be 'next man up' for Steelers  Meadville Tribune

PITTSBURGH — Chuks Okorafor immigrated to the United States from Botswana in 2010, the year Von Miller earned his second All-American honors for his ...

Meadville Tribune
Botswana, Zim bridge digital divide  The Patriot On Sunday

Zimbabwe has since the advent of the internet been plagued with a growing number of people prosecuted for airing their views and opinions on various social ...

The Patriot On Sunday
Botswana’s Tshekedi Khama talks on how digital technology is changing tourism  CNBCAfrica.com

The World Travel & tourism Council together with the South African tourism ministry are hosting the first Africa Leaders Forum dedicated at taking a closer look at ...

Botswana grabs tennis silver medal at regional games - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Dec. 11 (Xinhua) -- Botswana scooped women doubles silver medal of tennis at the on-going Region 5 Youth Games here on Tuesday. The team ...

UN helps Botswana set up human rights institution - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Nov. 21 (Xinhua) -- United Nations Development Programme (UNDP), Botswana's development partner, has pledged support for the country's ...

Unemployment, Water Crises biggest risks in Botswana - Report  WeekendPost

Publishing Date : 19 November, 2018. Author : ALFRED MASOKOLA. The Regional Risks for Doing Business 2018 report published by the World Economic ...

From Texas to Botswana, connecting to the humanity in families with HIV  Dallas News

It's been 15 years since President George W. Bush launched America's historic President's Emergency Plan for AIDS Relief, which today supports lifesaving HIV ...

Dallas News
Orange to build US$6.6-million datacentre in Botswana  ITWeb Africa

French telecommunications multinational Orange is spearheading the construction of a datacentre in Botswana as part of a 70-million Pula (approximately ...

ITWeb Africa
News - Botswana to host ALFS 2019  DVIDS

GABORONE, Botswana - The Botswana Defence Force will partner with U.S. Army Africa in June 2019 to co-host the seventh African Land Forces Summit in ...

Botswana: Floods - Emergency Plan of Action Final Report DREF: MDRBW004 - Botswana  ReliefWeb

English Situation Report on Botswana about Health, Shelter and Non-Food Items, IDPs, Flood and more; published on 30 Nov 2018 by IFRC.

Namibian boxers come short in Botswana  Namibian

HESRON KAPANGA GABORONE – Namibian boxers struggled to make the grade on the first day of the boxing event at the African Union Sports Council ...

55 pct of households in Botswana are headed by women: minister - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Nov. 24 (Xinhua) -- At least 55 percent of households in Botswana are headed by women, the southern African country's gender affairs minister ...

Botswana’s Mowana copper mine suspends operations over working capital  Reuters

GABORONE, Dec 11 (Reuters) - Mowana Mine, Botswana's only operating copper mine, has suspended operations due to working capital constraints which has ...

Mod Resources to list in London with Botswana copper project  Telegraph.co.uk

A mining company is to announce a listing on the London Stock Exchange (LSE) tomorrow as it looks to put a copper project in Botswana into production.

Botswana’s export to Senegal  The Voice Online

Tiny Deswai explores sights and sounds of Dakar During a recent trip to Dakar Senegal it was heartwarming to catch up with a familiar face so far from home.

The Voice Online
2018 COSAFA U20: Angola qualify to semis as Botswana record first win of the tournament  Futaa

Angola put on a show beating Zimbabwe by four goals to one to peep Mozambique to the semi-finals on goal difference. Daniel Liberal put Angola in the lead ...

Botswana opens tender for 12 solar parks  Renewables Now

November 29 (Renewables Now) - Botswana Power Corporation (BPC), the state-owned utility of Botswana, this week launched a competitive selection process ...

Renewables Now
Prince Harry offers Botswana elephants to Zambia  The Voice Online

As Botswana government is considering lifting a ban on elephant trophy hunting, to allow for control of the alleged over population of the animals in the country, ...

The Voice Online

Botswana and De Beers' negotiations on their next sales agreement is expected to be signed after he current agreement runs out in 2020.

De Beers, Botswana to renew vows  The Patriot On Sunday

The longest and undoubtedly colossal business deal between Botswana Government and diamond selling giant, De Beers Group of companies, continues to ...

The Patriot On Sunday
Botswana to strengthen ties with Germany  Political Analysis South Africa

Germany President Frank-Walter Steinmeier is due in Botswana on a two-day state visit at the invitation of his counterpart, President Mokgweetsi Eric Keabetswe ...

Political Analysis South Africa
Proteas soar to biggest win over Botswana | TeamSA  Team South Africa

The SPAR Proteas kept their title defence firmly on track with a second win at the Diamond Challenge netball tournament in Polokwane on Wednesday.

Team South Africa
Metal Tiger adds more exploration acreage in Botswana copper belt  Proactive Investors UK

Metal Tiger (LON:MTR) - Metal Tiger now has options in Botswana over an area three-quarters the size of Wales.

Proactive Investors UK
United States Africa Command  U.S. Africa Command

GABORONE, Botswana - The Botswana Defence Force will partner with U.S. Army Africa in June 2019 to co-host the seventh African Land Forces Summit in ...

U.S. Africa Command
As hopes for Zimbabwe dim, Francistown feels the pinch  Mmegi Online

Zimbabweans and some Batswana in the city sang, whistled and danced in a massive shout of relief, joy and hope.From the early 2000s Mugabe had presided ...

Mmegi Online
Botswana hosts conference on corruption in Africa  Political Analysis South Africa

A conference on corruption in Africa which is currently taking place in Botswana has attracted African policymakers working against graft in their respective ...

Political Analysis South Africa
2018 COSAFA U20: It was a good game- Botswana U20 coach  Futaa

Botswana U20 national team coach Rapelang Raizor Tsatsilebe described his team's one nil win over Lesotho in their final group C game played at Shinde ...

CCBA takes over Botswana’s Coca-Cola market  The Voice Online

Africa's largest Coca-Cola bottler, Coca-Cola Beverages Africa (CCBA) received the requisite regulatory approval to acquire the Coca-Cola soft drinks business ...

The Voice Online
Metal Tiger plc UK Regulatory Announcement: Botswana Copper/Silver Project T23 Dome Exploration Update  Business Wire

10 December 2018 Metal Tiger Plc(“Metal Tiger” or the “Company”) Botswana Copper/Silver Project – T23 Dome Exploration Update Metal Tiger plc (AIM:MTR.

Business Wire
Botswana, German presidents meet on ties - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

GABORONE, Nov. 21 (Xinhua) -- Botswana's President Mokgweetsi Masisi and his German counterpart Frank-Walter Steinmeier exchanged views on areas in ...

Botswana, Germany work to strengthen ties  Journalducameroun.com - English

Published on 19.11.2018 at 14h21 by APA News. Share. Germany President Frank-Walter Steinmeier is due in Botswana on a two-day state visit to at the ...

Journalducameroun.com - English
Kopore eyes 1.5km of strike in Botswana  The West Australian

Kopore Metals has intersected a prospective contact for copper-silver mineralisation in Botswana in two drill holes located 1.5km apart.

The West Australian
Metal Tiger continues to strike copper on Botswana acreage  Proactive Investors UK

Metal Tiger (LON:MTR) - Metal Tiger owns 30% of Tshukudu Exploration, a joint venture which has numerous licences in the area.

Proactive Investors UK
Zambia U20 date Botswana in friendly match  Futaa

Zambia Under-20 National Team has secured an international friendly against neighbours Botswana. The Junior Chipolopolo will take on the junior Zebras of ...

Botswana: New Visa Policy Draw-Card for Chinese  AllAfrica - Top Africa News

Botswana is about to experience a surge in Chinese tourists following the relaxation of VISA regulations, that is if trends from similar developments are anything ...

AllAfrica - Top Africa News

The International friendly match between the Zambia Under- 20 National football Team and the junior Zebras of Botswana has been cancelled. Football ...

Botswana High Court finally sets date for homosexuality decriminalization case  Gay Star News

The High Court in Botswana has made several positive rulings in favor of the LGBTI community, with many hoping decriminalizing gay sex is the next one.

Gay Star News
Gems ready to rumble against Botswana in 2019 Diamond Challenge  Chronicle

Veronica Gwaze, in Polokwane, South Africa AFTER arriving safely in Polokwane, South Africa, yesterday, Zimbabwe's netball Gems have declared themselves ...

Botswana encouraged to pray against national crisis, GBV  Political Analysis South Africa

Botswana has declared gender-based violence (GBV) a national crisis. This follows a plea by President Mokgweetsi Masisi to the nation recently that it should ...

Political Analysis South Africa
Botswana FA pleads with Sundowns to release Ngele  Citizen

The FA believe that Ngele's lack of game time at Downs will cost him his place in the national team of Botswana. The Botswana Football Association is believed ...

Alrosa Exits Botswana Exploration Project  Rapaport

Alrosa has sold its 50% stake in the Sunland Minerals exploration project in Botswana, according to its former joint-venture partner. Botswana Diamonds bought ...

Botswana's Minergy to attempt Eskom coal sales deal after earlier rebuff  Mining MX

BOTSWANA'S Minergy, a coal development company due to list in London next year, said it would attempt to sell coal to Eskom, the beleaguered South African ...

Mining MX
Botswana Offers Visa-on-Arrival to Africans  The African Exponent

Botswana joins Rwanda, Benin and Ethiopia to offer Visa-on-Arrival to Africans, this is a welcome development for African unity!

The African Exponent
Botswana compiles report on how climate change hinders eradication of poverty  Political Analysis South Africa

Ahead of the high-level climate change meeting to be held in Poland, Botswana has compiled a report detailing how climate change has hindered its efforts to ...

Political Analysis South Africa
Join the procession: Botswana's rainy season guarantees a cavalcade of creatures great and small  Daily Mail

The Daily Mail's Richard Pendlebury checked into the stunning Savuti camp in the Okavango Delta, where 'Mother Nature was dancing a jig of joie de vivre'.

Daily Mail
Mozambique, Botswana to cooperate in production of FMD vaccine  Journalducameroun.com - English

Published on 10.12.2018 at 14h21 by APA News. Share. Mozambique could begin production of foot-and-mouth disease vaccine in an initiative that is a ...

Journalducameroun.com - English
Wolves lose to Botswana Police VI  zbc.co.zw

Dec 7, 2018 | Sport | 0 |. The University of Zimbabwe (UZ) Wolves men's volleyball team lost the Confederation of African Volleyball (CAVB) Zone VI Club ...

Botswana : President Masisi describes corruption as the sickness Africa should get rid of  African Daily Voice

NEWSROOM (ADV) – Corruption is the most universally known impediment to socio-economic development of Africa, Botswana's President Mokgweetsi Masisi ...

African Daily Voice
Hilton Hotel to open in 2019  Mmegi Online

The hotel, funded by the Botswana Public Officers Pension Fund, is currently undergoing final touches, its general manager, Evan Harrington told journalists on ...

Mmegi Online

The Zambia under 20 national team is expected to play the junior Zebras of Botswana in an international friendly match on Sunday at Nkoloma stadium in ...

Miss Botswana still to book top 30 spot  Mmegi Online

Categories like Top Model have been won by Miss France and it could have been Elias's chance to book an automatic spot in the final 30. The 118 girls strutted ...

Mmegi Online
Botswana International Music Conference is here  Music In Africa

The 2018 installment of the Botswana International Music Conference (BIMC) will be held at the National Museum in Gaborone from 28 to 30 November.

Music In Africa
Botswana to Increase Demands of De Beers in Next Sales Agreement  IDEX Online

(IDEX Online) – Botswana has put together a negotiating team for talks with De Beers about the sides' next sales agreement which is set to replace the current ...

IDEX Online

Botswana Videos

Geography Now! Botswana
Geography Now! Botswana
Diamond Rich Botswana's Capital GABORONE, is Breathtakingly Beautiful
Diamond Rich Botswana's Capital GABORONE, is Breathtakingly Beautiful
First Time In Africa: Ep 2 - Backpacking in Botswana & Zambia
First Time In Africa: Ep 2 - Backpacking in Botswana & Zambia
6 Things NOT To Do in Botswana
6 Things NOT To Do in Botswana
Gaborone 2016 - Botswana
Gaborone 2016 - Botswana
Okavango Delta, Botswana Safari (HD 1080p)
Okavango Delta, Botswana Safari (HD 1080p)
Yakko's World but every country is Botswana
Yakko's World but every country is Botswana
Yakko's World But the Last Country of Every Verse is Botswana
Yakko's World But the Last Country of Every Verse is Botswana
6 Crimes To Avoid in Botswana, South Africa
6 Crimes To Avoid in Botswana, South Africa
Best Country In Africa- Tour Around Botswana 2018
Best Country In Africa- Tour Around Botswana 2018

Botswana Images

Iconic Okavango Delta Becomes 1,000th World Heritage Site ...
Iconic Okavango Delta Becomes 1,000th World Heritage Site ...
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Okavango Delta Reviews – Page 2 – Reviews 11-20 of 118
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File:Malachite kingfisher 3.jpg - Wikipedia
Okavango River Delta ภาพจากการท่องเที่ยว Botswana
Okavango River Delta ภาพจากการท่องเที่ยว Botswana
File:Saxony, administrative divisions - de - colored.svg ...
File:Saxony, administrative divisions - de - colored.svg ...
Circuit Afrique du Sud - Botswana - Namibie - Zimbabwe ...
Circuit Afrique du Sud - Botswana - Namibie - Zimbabwe ...
Estonia (Ranked 27th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
Estonia (Ranked 27th) :: Legatum Prosperity Index 2017
Comic bubble boom Vector Image - 1708139 | StockUnlimited
Comic bubble boom Vector Image - 1708139 | StockUnlimited
File:Spain (mainland), administrative divisions - de ...
File:Spain (mainland), administrative divisions - de ...
File:Tohoku Region in Japan.svg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Tohoku Region in Japan.svg - Wikimedia Commons

Botswana WebSites


Botswana Wiki

Botswana ( (listen)), officially the Republic of Botswana (Tswana: Lefatshe la Botswana), is a landlocked country located in Southern Africa. Formerly the British protectorate of Bechuanaland, Botswana adopted its new name after becoming independent within the Commonwealth on 30 September 1966. Since then, it has maintained a strong tradition of stable representative democracy, with a consistent record of uninterrupted democratic elections and the best perceived corruption ranking in Africa since at least 1998.Botswana is topographically flat, with up to 70 percent of its territory being the Kalahari Desert. It is bordered by South Africa to the south and southeast, Namibia to the west and north, and Zimbabwe to the northeast. Its border with Zambia to the north near Kazungula is poorly defined but is, at most, a few hundred metres long.A mid-sized country of just over 2 million people, Botswana is one of the most sparsely populated countries in the world. Around 10 percent of the population lives in the capital and largest city, Gaborone. Formerly one of the poorest countries in the world—with a GDP per capita of about US$70 per year in the late 1960s—Botswana has since transformed itself into one of the world's fastest-growing economies. The economy is dominated by mining, cattle, and tourism. Botswana boasts a GDP (purchasing power parity) per capita of about $18,825 per year as of 2015, which is one of the highest in Africa. Its high gross national income (by some estimates the fourth-largest in Africa) gives the country a relatively high standard of living and the highest Human Development Index of continental Sub-Saharan Africa.Botswana is a member of the African Union, the Southern African Development Community, the Commonwealth of Nations, and the United Nations. The country has been among the hardest hit by the HIV/AIDS epidemic. Despite the success in programmes to make treatments available to those infected, and to educate the populace in general about how to stop the spread of HIV/AIDS, the number of people with AIDS rose from 290,000 in 2005 to 320,000 in 2013. As of 2014, Botswana has the third-highest prevalence rate for HIV/AIDS, with roughly 20% of the adult population being infected.