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NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Wed, 16 Jan 2019 23:16:31 GMTGoogle News
A brief history of Nazism in Australia  ABC News

Radicalisation camps, fight clubs, hate campaigns and covert plans to infiltrate major political parties — this is the landscape for the far right in Australia today.

ABC News
Stay indoors: Warning issued as Australia's heat wave hits record highs  CNN

(CNN) Australia is sweltering under record-breaking temperatures as an extreme heat wave continues to sweep across the country, causing wildlife to die and ...

CNN
How do illegal drugs get into remote Australia? Check with the flight attendants.  The Washington Post

SYDNEY — Selling illicit drugs in Australia has long been a more lucrative business than in most other parts of the world because the country's remote location ...

The Washington Post
Monika Billen: body of missing German tourist believed found in Australian outback  The Guardian

The body of the missing German tourist Monika Billen is believed to have been found in the East MacDonnell Ranges outside Alice Springs, as police in Western ...

The Guardian
How one heatwave killed 'a third' of a bat species in Australia  BBC News

Over two days in November, record-breaking heat in Australia's north wiped out almost one-third of the nation's spectacled flying foxes, according to researchers.

BBC News
Australia to see world's worst 2019 house price fall: report  ABC News

Australia will see the world's biggest house price declines this year, according to one of the world's major credit ratings agencies, which declared homeowners ...

ABC News
Melbourne becomes first city with all council infrastructure powered by renewables  The Guardian

40% of power bought at a fixed price while 60% a market-based price that is renegotiated every two years.

The Guardian
Holding back the tides: Sydney's battle against coastal erosion | Wendy Harmer  The Guardian

As Australian beaches succumb to destructive coastal surges due to climate change, Wendy Harmer considers the price of inaction at storm-battered ...

The Guardian
Malindo Air crew member arrested in Australian drug bust  Channel NewsAsia

SYDNEY: An employee of a Malaysian airline was among eight people arrested in Australia on charges of trafficking more than 14kg of heroin, ...

Channel NewsAsia
Australian citizenship of 18 people at risk under new powers proposed by Peter Dutton  The Guardian

Bill bolsters home affairs minister's ability to revoke citizenship of people convicted of terrorism offences, regardless of length of sentence.

The Guardian
Australia wants you to stop taking wombat selfies  CNN

Australia's Maria Island is home to irresistibly cute wombats, but travelers have been getting too close with selfies and even hugs. Visitors will be greeted with ...

CNN
World’s hottest places all located in Australia amid intense heatwave  9news.com.au

Records have been smashed across the country and health warnings have been issued.

9news.com.au
Practically All The Australian Tennis Men Have Been Dragged Into Bernard Tomic's Beef  Deadspin

The tennis world down under has been roiled by beef. Former Australian great Lleyton Hewitt now captains his country's Davis Cup team, but he isn't very ...

Deadspin
Australia's Barty shines brightly as compatriots stumble  Reuters

Australia's top-ranked player Ashleigh Barty beat Wang Yafan 6-2 6-3 in a straight-forward affair on Wednesday, propelling the home country's leading prospect ...

Reuters
The Gay Penguins of Australia  The New York Times

Two male penguins are raising a baby whose gender is unknown.

The New York Times
Australia 3-2 Syria: Asian Cup 2019 – as it happened  The Guardian

Defending champions Australia are through to the second phase of the Asian Cup after beating Syria 3-2, in a back and forth encounter in Al Ain.

The Guardian
Peter Dutton tops GetUp's 'hard right' hit list for federal election  The Guardian

Peter Dutton is the most unpopular Australian politician among GetUp supporters, with the activist organisation now looking to extend its “hard right” MP target hit ...

The Guardian
China hits out at Australia over 'concern' for Canadian drug smuggler sentenced to death  ABC News

China has lashed out at Australia after the acting Foreign Minister Simon Birmingham labelled the sentencing of a Canadian man to death for drug smuggling ...

ABC News
Australia’s Hot Duck Is Goth and Lives in a Sewage Pond  The Cut

A tufted duck has showed up at a sewage plant in Melbourne, Australia. Unlike the mandarin duck, he is goth. It's not a phase.

The Cut
Australia's fortunes are linked to China's economy — for better or worse  ABC News

Australia's dependence on Chinese money has been a blessing for the local economy, but it could unravel painfully if China's economic slowdown worsens.

ABC News
Teary Azarenka admits to struggling after loss in Australia  ESPN

Victoria Azarenka cried, pausing for a minute, trying to reflect on the differences between her past and present experiences at the Australian Open.

ESPN
I no longer support #ChangeTheDate. We must change Australia  The Guardian

This country's treatment of its Indigenous population is so poor it does not deserve a party on any day.

The Guardian
Tesla Powerwall gets a massive boost in Australia with ~50% subsidy for up to 40,000 homes  Electrek

Australia is already a huge market for Tesla Powerwall for many reasons. But now you can add one more: the South Australian government has approved ...

Electrek
Cricket Australia XI vs Sri Lanka: Batting shootout for first Test spots  Fox Sports

Test positions will be on the line in a batting shootout that looms large for a group of Australia's hopefuls facing Sri Lanka in a day-night tour match.

Fox Sports
MS Dhoni’s illegal run after not grounding his bat against Australia in second ODI at Adelaide Oval  Fox Sports

MS Dhoni led his side to a deserved series equalling victory in Adelaide, but he may he may have stolen a run along the way.

Fox Sports
Lehmann’s plan: Former Australian coach outlines proposal to re-jig summer schedule  Fox Sports

Former Australian coach Darren Lehmann has outlined a radical proposal to re-jig the summer schedule that would involve a Big Bash break and allow Sheffield ...

Fox Sports
Big flex: Youngsters Tiafoe, Fritz stun seeds in Australia  The Associated Press

MELBOURNE, Australia (AP) — Frances Tiafoe rolled up his white shirt's right sleeve, flexed his biceps and slapped the muscle five times. Then he pounded his ...

The Associated Press
Rugby Australia looking to track down Kurtley Beale after another controversial video emerges  Fox Sports

Another video has emerged online that depicts Wallabies star Kurtley Beale cavorting around shirtless in the same room as another man holds a plate ...

Fox Sports
Australian fines for motoring offences among world's most expensive  NEWS.com.au

If you think Australian motorists are hard done by with excessive fines, spare a thought for motorists in some of these countries.

NEWS.com.au
Parents of Donegal men accused of murder in Australia speak of their torment and pain, calling the ordeal a  The Irish Sun

Parents of Donegal accused of murder in Australia speak of their torment and pain, calling the ordeal a 'nightmare'

The Irish Sun
Why Australia's beaches are the spiritual centre of a secular nation  The Guardian

Many of us have firsthand experience of the ocean's lethal power, yet we cannot stay away.

The Guardian
Australia's education system needs transforming  The Sydney Morning Herald

Labor's education spokesperson is threatening to prevent students with a low ATAR from studying education. Exactly how Tanya Plibersek would do this and ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Ross Greenwood analyses what Brexit vote could mean for Australian trade and visa applications  9news.com.au

Whatever happens next after the historic defeat of Prime Minister Theresa May's Brexit divorce deal, the fallout is likely to have a huge impact on Australia.

9news.com.au
Australian Open 2019: Alex de Minaur wins nation’s heart  NEWS.com.au

Australia continued its love affair with Alex de Minaur on Wednesday night as our top men's player added some fighting five-set drama to his promising ...

NEWS.com.au
Australia's first tufted duck sighting creates a 'mega-twitch' at sewage pond  The Guardian

Bird-watchers flock to Werribee treatment plant, near Melbourne, to see Eurasia native.

The Guardian
South Australia's second big battery goes live, charges up  RenewEconomy

South Australia's second grid-scale energy storage system, the 30 MW/8MWh big battery at the Dalrymple substation on the state's Yorke Peninsula, is charging ...

RenewEconomy
Tomic takes aim at Hewitt in yet another Australian men's tennis controversy  CNN

There's yet more of a brouhaha in Australian men's tennis, with Bernard Tomic taking aim at the country's Davis Cup captain Lleyton Hewitt at the Australian ...

CNN
Byung-Hyun Kim playing baseball in Australia  MLB.com

As the baseball world awaits where Manny Machado or Bryce Harper might sign, we have been alerted to some other, perhaps much more important, news.

MLB.com
Australia’s sevens path to Sydney gold revealed  Fox Sports

Australia's women's side have been drawn to play Spain, China and the United States in pool play as they attempt to defend their Sydney Sevens title at ...

Fox Sports
Awer Mabil: Australia forward is hoping to raise awareness of mental illness  BBC Sport

Australia forward Awer Mabil reveals his trademark goal celebration is a message of support for people living with mental illness.

BBC Sport
Deidre Samson: Woman thanks Australia for easy life on welfare  NEWS.com.au

A Kiwi immigrant who has thanked Australia online for an easy life on government payments, free medical care and cheap food has seen her Facebook post go ...

NEWS.com.au
Big 7 names Australia ‘world’s most Instagrammable destination’  The West Australian

Australia has pipped the United States, United Kingdom and selfie-hotspot Singapore to the title.

The West Australian
Record-breaking heatwave to hit Australia’s south-east, restricting sporting events  The Guardian

Tour Down Under route shortened and Australian Open players to be given heat stress breaks as temperatures set to soar.

The Guardian
Australian Open 2019: Kimberly Birrell sends Australia wild  NEWS.com.au

Chances are you didn't know who Kimberly Birrell was before today — and if you still don't know by now, you really should. Australia has fallen in love with the ...

NEWS.com.au
Oxygen to be pumped into Australia's biggest river system in  Business Daily

Aerators will be used to pump oxygen into Australia's biggest river system after the discovery of around one million dead fish earlier in the year created public ...

Business Daily
Australia heatwave: temperatures to soar in every state and territory  The Guardian

Much of Australia will bake this week with meteorologists forecasting the hot conditions will last for days in some parts. Australian Associated Press. Sun 13 Jan ...

The Guardian
Albany named one of Australia's most affordable and in-demand holiday towns  WAtoday

Albany has been rated one of Australia's most affordable and in-demand destinations, according to a national index report. According to online travel company, ...

WAtoday
Chart of the day: How Australia rates in responding to child sexual abuse  ABC News

A groundbreaking study rates how well countries address child sexual abuse and Australia is some distance from the index leader.

ABC News
Australia vs India ODI: Live score, updates, video from second match in Adelaide  NEWS.com.au

Virat Kohli and MS Dhoni spoiled Australia's hopes of a first ODI series win in two years. expand for key updates. 22 hours agoIt's hot in Adelaide; 19 hours ...

NEWS.com.au
Australian immigration policy: 7 in 10 Aussies don’t want more people  NEWS.com.au

Just three out of every 10 Aussies believe the country needs more people, a survey by the Australian National University has revealed.

NEWS.com.au
Byron Bay sculpture: council debates whether to shaft ridiculed erection  The Guardian

'Phallus' fails to find favour in tourist town, with budgetary constraints and logistical problems blamed for final version of public artwork.

The Guardian
Rohit and Karthik Enjoy Day Off Watching Nadal Play at Australian Open  News18

A day after levelling the three-match ODI series against Australia in Adelaide, Indian cricketers Rohit Sharma, Dinesh Karthik and Vijay Shankar spent their free ...

News18
12 months on, PayID still not completely implemented by Australia's big four banks  ZDNet

Australia's New Payments Platform (NPP) went live in February last year; the platform allows for the transfer of money from one person to another in near ...

ZDNet
Eugenie and Serena set dream date after Canadian sweep in Australia  Toronto Star

Canadians Eugenie Bouchard, Bianca Andreescu, Milos Raonic and Denis Shapovalov all advanced in Melbourne. Bouchard and the great Serena Williams, ...

Toronto Star
Australia high corporate tax rate is becoming all-too-obvious, OECD report shows  The Australian Financial Review

New York | More than a decade of bungled tax reform by both major parties has saddled Australia with the third highest effective corporate tax rate in the OECD ...

The Australian Financial Review
Heat records smashed across Australia  SBS News

Scorching summer temperatures have seen some regions reaching close to 50C with records crumbling as the week long heatwave continues.

SBS News
'Suspicious packages' found at foreign missions in Australia  BBC News

Australian police are investigating suspicious packages found at foreign consulates and embassies in Melbourne and Canberra. Melbourne's Metropolitan Fire ...

BBC News
Australian shipping crews fear for future as BHP, Bluescope contracts near end  ABC News

The employment of 70 Australian seafarers remains in limbo after BHP and Bluescope announced plans to end the use of their last two locally-run iron ore ...

ABC News
Australia's global beach ambassador on what makes a great beach  The Guardian

What tickles your fancy when land meets sea? Brad Farmer recommends choosing your 'best beach' discerningly.

The Guardian
I’m A Celebrity Australia: Richard Reid spills on awkward bathroom encounter with Ricky Martin  NEWS.com.au

Richard Reid has revealed how an unexpected meeting with one celebrity left him wondering if he had missed out on an opportunity with the star.

NEWS.com.au
Daniel Petre on the genius of Bill Gates, and Australia's tech policy 'madness'  The Sydney Morning Herald

Daniel Petre is one of the elder statesmen of Australia's ascendant technology industry. So when he uses terms like “criminal”, “appalling”, “disaster” and ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Flashback: The best Australian ODI kits  cricket.com.au

Take a look back at some of the best - and worst - of Australia's ODI kits from past seasons.

cricket.com.au
Australia’s new laws taking effect on 1 January: from axed tampon tax to credit card changes  The Guardian

University students, new migrants, banks and unvaccinated children are among those affected by a raft of changes.

The Guardian
Python covered with more than 500 ticks rescued in Australia  BBC News

Snake catchers in Australia have rescued a carpet python which was found covered in hundreds of ticks. The reptile, which was believed to be ill and was ...

BBC News
Australia's best beaches poll: vote for your top seaside spots #BestBeaches  The Guardian

Cast your ballot to help determine Australia's best regional, remote and metropolitan beaches.

The Guardian
Police appeal for help after suspected murder of woman in Melbourne  The Guardian

Victoria police say the woman, who has not been formally identified, appears to have been assaulted.

The Guardian
Australia beats India by 34 runs in the first ODI at the SCG, Rohit Sharma scores 133 for tourists  ABC News

Australia has rebounded from a Test series loss with a stunning 34-run win over India in the first ODI in Sydney. On a SCG deck where 300 looked like a par ...

ABC News
Australian police bust flight attendants for drug smuggling  CNN

Cabin crew for international airline Malindo Air have been accused of helping to smuggle heroin and methamphetamine worth millions of dollars from Asia to ...

CNN
Consumer confidence 'evaporated' over Christmas, Westpac says  ABC News

Australians have started the year in a dour mood, with Westpac's widely watched consumer sentiment index posting its biggest monthly fall in more than three ...

ABC News
Australia consulate scares: Arrest over '38 suspicious parcels'  BBC News

Australian police have arrested a man who allegedly sent suspicious parcels to consulates and embassies in Canberra, Melbourne and Sydney. Emergency ...

BBC News
Leading economist reveals 4 reasons why Australia WON'T have a recession  Motley Fool Australia

Leading AMP Limited (ASX: AMP) economist Shane Oliver has come out with four reasons why Australia still won't have a recession. Last year Mr Oliver made ...

Motley Fool Australia
An Australian Brings Americana to His New York Bar  The New York Times

Peppi's Cellar is the first bar in the city from Jason Scott, whose enthusiasm for the United States shows in his Sydney bars.

The New York Times
Australia suffers extreme heat wave up to 14 C above average  CNN

(CNN) Australians are suffering a brutal post-Christmas heatwave, with temperatures in most parts of the country's southeast up to 14 degrees Celsius (24 ...

CNN
Bahama Hut nightclub stabber was deportee from Australia  New Zealand Herald

An Aucklander who stabbed a man with a knife in a Tauranga nightclub had been recently deported back to New Zealand from Australia. Rocky Ronaki, 31, was ...

New Zealand Herald
Dugite spotted eating huge lizard on Western Australian beach  NEWS.com.au

It's not what you expect to see on a walk along the beach. But visitors to a popular Western Australian beach made a terrifying discovery after coming across a ...

NEWS.com.au
Australia had third-warmest year on record in 2018  The Guardian

Bureau of Meteorology says average temperature was 1.14C above average for 1961-1990, making 2018 slightly warmer than 2017. Lisa Cox and agencies.

The Guardian
Asian Cup live scores: Australia vs Syria, Socceroos, video, updates, Football  NEWS.com.au

Welcome to our live coverage of the Socceroos Asian Cup match against Syria in the UAE. expand for key updates. Socceroos lead lasts 'barely a blink of an ...

NEWS.com.au
Australia's beloved kangaroos are now controversial pests  National Geographic

Eastern gray kangaroos forage on a lawn in North Durras, a village in New South Wales. Driven by droughts, groups of roos (called mobs) are increasingly ...

National Geographic
Australian soldier dies during routine training drill at army base in Victoria’s north  The Sydney Morning Herald

An Australian Army soldier has died during a routine training drill at an army base in Victoria's north. The soldier, whose name has not been released, ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
Who is Hakeem Al-Araibi? The Australian refugee & ex-Bahrain footballer being held prisoner in Thailand  Goal.com

Hakeem Al-Araibi, a professional footballer from Bahrain, currently finds himself at the centre of a diplomatic dispute involving three countries over a ...

Goal.com
Australia: Government lists 117 occupations which need foreign workers  The South African

It's a very "g'day" for any South Africans wanting to work in Australia. A lucrative offer has been made by the government, but comes with T's & C's.

The South African
Malindo suspends crew member held for drug trafficking in Australia - Nation  The Star Online

PETALING JAYA: Malindo Air says it has suspended a cabin crew member held in Australia for suspected drug trafficking, and will cooperate with authorities in ...

The Star Online
Meet Nivethan Radhakrishnan: Australia’s ambidextrous cricket prodigy  Fox Sports

If having a good all-rounder is like having two players in one, then having Nivethan Radhakrishnan in your side is like having three players in one.

Fox Sports
Australia’s petrol crisis: Coalition under fire over limited fuel supply  NEWS.com.au

The federal government is under fire over fears Australia's low fuel stockpiles could leave the nation dangerously exposed. Experts have criticised the Coalition ...

NEWS.com.au
Tennis Australia is navigating some of the sport's great barriers  ESPN

A generation ago, the Australian Open was barely a major. Now, Tennis Australia has revived the major and become entrepreneurial in tournament tennis.

ESPN
Burning questions after Australia’s Test series defeat to India  Fox Sports

Australia is picking through the rubble of another disastrous Test series, this time losing to India at home for the first time ever.

Fox Sports
The jobs Australians are searching for overseas... and the jobs people from overseas want in Australia  The Sydney Morning Herald

Project managing, teaching and nursing are among the most popular jobs for Australians looking overseas, while Kiwi nurses, British electricians and Italian ...

The Sydney Morning Herald
I’m a Celeb Australia 2019: Jacqui Lambie’s dark confession  NEWS.com.au

In the space of just two years, Jacqui Lambie went from being treated in a psychiatric ward to representing Tasmania as a federal senator.

NEWS.com.au
Australian house prices falling at fastest rate in a decade  The Guardian

Sydney and Melbourne properties have now dropped 11.1% and 7.2% respectively compared with 2017 peak.

The Guardian
Smoking in Australia: How much smokers spend on cigarettes each year  NEWS.com.au

Analysis has revealed the huge amount of money going up in smoke each year, with Aussie smokers blowing a collective $14 billion on their habits.

NEWS.com.au
Greens 'won't let' Morrison force councils to hold Australia Day citizenship ceremonies  The Guardian

Richard Di Natale says Greens will offer to conduct ceremonies on behalf of councils that do not want them on 26 January.

The Guardian
Councils push back on 'bizarre, heavy-handed' change to Australia Day citizenship ceremonies  SBS News

Citizenship ceremonies will now have to take place on January 26, in a federal government move to protect Australia Day – but some councils believe public...

SBS News
Neil Prakash, fighter recruited by Isis, stripped of Australian citizenship  The Guardian

Former rapper from Melbourne becomes 12th dual national to have citizenship annulled over links with offshore terror groups. Guardian staff and AAP.

The Guardian
Roger Federer wins through at Australian Open after tough challenge from Dan Evans  ABC News

Roger Federer may not have lost a set to Dan Evans but the six-time Australian Open champion received a stern test from the plucky Briton as he moved through ...

ABC News
The Australian Dream Died Alone in an Apartment  Bloomberg

As high-rises replace traditional single-family homes, the housing market is becoming a lot less nimble in the face of a downturn.

Bloomberg
Saudi Woman Granted Refugee Status, Could Get Asylum In Australia  NPR

Rahaf Mohammed Alqunun fled her family during an overseas trip and tried to fly to Australia, but was stopped in Thailand. The U.N. refugee committee has ...

NPR
Marble Bar: Australia’s hottest town where 40C temperatures are mild  NEWS.com.au

“I'm on the phone,” says publican Cheryl Manurung curtly to the bloke at the bar wanting another beer. “Just wait a minute, you're not going to melt.”.

NEWS.com.au
Australia's “largest” wind farm wins planning approval for Victoria  RenewEconomy

WestWind Energy's plans to build an 800MW wind farm in Victoria – potentially the largest in the Southern Hemisphere – win state government planning ...

RenewEconomy
Rahaf al Qunun pledges to use her freedom to campaign for others after being granted asylum in Canada  ABC News

Rahaf al Qunun, the 18-year-old Saudi teen granted asylum in Canada after saying she feared death if returned home, pledges to use her freedom to campaign ...

ABC News
Roswell, New Mexico reboot to premiere in Australia on Foxtel  NEWS.com.au

It's about time we got a new supernatural drama - and the latest offering is a reboot of a teen classic. What could go wrong?

NEWS.com.au
 

Australia Videos

Ngeri Crocodile show di Australia zoo with Steve Irwin's family (uyeee VLOG Australian tour 2019 #8)
12:34:44
Ngeri Crocodile show di Australia zoo with Steve Irwin's family (uyeee VLOG Australian tour 2019 #8)
10 Best Places to Live in Australia
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10 Best Places to Live in Australia
Weird, obscure laws that still exist in Australia | What's Going On?
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Weird, obscure laws that still exist in Australia | What's Going On?
India Vs Australia Full Second ODI Highlights |Today Match Highlights
12:29:17
India Vs Australia Full Second ODI Highlights |Today Match Highlights
Match Recap: India Beat Australia by 6 Wickets to Level ODI Series 1-1 | The Quint
16:24:11
Match Recap: India Beat Australia by 6 Wickets to Level ODI Series 1-1 | The Quint
Aussies bounce back to outclass India | First Gillette ODI
10:54:11
Aussies bounce back to outclass India | First Gillette ODI
101 Facts About Australia
19:18:56
101 Facts About Australia
10 Reasons Not To Visit Australia (Aussie Reacts)
08:33:24
10 Reasons Not To Visit Australia (Aussie Reacts)
India vs Australia 2nd ODI Full match Score.
11:56:24
India vs Australia 2nd ODI Full match Score.
Australia Vs India Second ODI : അവസാന ഓവറിലെ ധോണിയുടെ സിക്\u200cസ് | Oneindia Malayalam
13:00:13
Australia Vs India Second ODI : അവസാന ഓവറിലെ ധോണിയുടെ സിക്\u200cസ് | Oneindia Malayalam
 

Australia Images

Where In Oz Is That - Australia My Land Locality Game
Where In Oz Is That - Australia My Land Locality Game
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Kinondo Community Concerns Regarding Cotton Ginnery ...
August Entries | UAVAIR
August Entries | UAVAIR
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News | Perth, Western Australia - Far West Scallops
Boeing 737-800 | Virgin Australia
Boeing 737-800 | Virgin Australia
King-Gee – McCANN Australia
King-Gee – McCANN Australia
Valves Consultancy & Flow Solutions | Perth, WA | Profluid ...
Valves Consultancy & Flow Solutions | Perth, WA | Profluid ...
Jesinta Campbell at MBFWA Day Three | Celebrities Take ...
Jesinta Campbell at MBFWA Day Three | Celebrities Take ...
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Zara Spring 2014 | Updated: Zara Spring 2014 Look Book ...
| Oh, to be Invited to a Delevingne Wedding | POPSUGAR ...
| Oh, to be Invited to a Delevingne Wedding | POPSUGAR ...
 

Australia WebSites

 

Australia Wiki

Australia, officially the Commonwealth of Australia, is a sovereign country comprising the mainland of the Australian continent, the island of Tasmania and numerous smaller islands. It is the largest country in Oceania and the world's sixth-largest country by total area. The neighbouring countries are Papua New Guinea, Indonesia and East Timor to the north; the Solomon Islands and Vanuatu to the north-east; and New Zealand to the south-east. The population of 25 million is highly urbanised and heavily concentrated on the eastern seaboard. Australia's capital is Canberra, and its largest city is Sydney. The country's other major metropolitan areas are Melbourne, Brisbane, Perth and Adelaide.Australia was inhabited by indigenous Australians for about 60,000 years before the first British settlement in the late 18th century. It is documented that Aborigines spoke languages that can be classified into about 250 groups. After the European exploration of the continent by Dutch explorers in 1606, who named it New Holland, Australia's eastern half was claimed by Great Britain in 1770 and initially settled through penal transportation to the colony of New South Wales from 26 January 1788, a date which became Australia's national day. The population grew steadily in subsequent decades, and by the 1850s most of the continent had been explored and an additional five self-governing crown colonies established. On 1 January 1901, the six colonies federated, forming the Commonwealth of Australia. Australia has since maintained a stable liberal democratic political system that functions as a federal parliamentary constitutional monarchy, comprising six states and ten territories.Being the oldest, flattest and driest inhabited continent, with the least fertile soils, Australia has a landmass of 7,617,930 square kilometres (2,941,300 sq mi). A megadiverse country, its size gives it a wide variety of landscapes, with deserts in the centre, tropical rainforests in the north-east and mountain ranges in the south-east. A gold rush began in Australia in the early 1850s, which boosted the population of the country. Nevertheless, its population density, 2.8 inhabitants per square kilometre, remains among the lowest in the world. Australia generates its income from various sources including mining-related exports, telecommunications, banking and manufacturing. Indigenous Australian rock art is the oldest and richest in the world, dating as far back as 60,000 years and spread across hundreds of thousands of sites.Australia is a highly developed country, with the world's 13th-largest economy. It has a high-income economy, with the world's tenth-highest per capita income. It is a regional power, and has the world's 13th-highest military expenditure. Australia has the world's ninth-largest immigrant population, with immigrants accounting for 26% of the population. Having the third-highest human development index and the eighth-highest ranked democracy globally, the country ranks highly in quality of life, health, education, economic freedom, civil liberties and political rights, with all its major cities faring well in global comparative livability surveys. Australia is a member of the United Nations, G20, Commonwealth of Nations, ANZUS, Organisation for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), World Trade Organization, Asia-Pacific Economic Cooperation, Pacific Islands Forum and the ASEAN Plus Six mechanism.