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Albania NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2019 Google Inc.Thu, 14 Feb 2019 08:17:59 GMTGoogle News
Albania police arrest Kosovar for terror groups membership  Fox News

Albanian police say a Kosovo citizen has been arrested on suspicion of participating in terror groups.

Fox News
South Korea's Yura to set up factory in Albania  Reuters

TIRANA, Feb 13 (Reuters) - South Korea's Yura Tech Co. Ltd. will start producing automobile ignition parts in Albania in 2019, Albania's Finance Ministry said on ...

The Albanian bunkers built in the midst of the Cold War  BBC News

Photographer Robert Hackman has created a photo book that documents the many bunkers that were built in Albania between 1975 and 1989 amid fears of the ...

BBC News
Albania sells 3 bln leks (24.1 mln euro) of 2-yr T-notes – table  SeeNews

TIRANA (Albania), February 13 (SeeNews) – Albania's finance ministry sold on Wednesday 3 billion leks ($27.2 million/24.1 million euro) worth of.

In Albania, find age-old traditions and Mediterranean beaches on the cheap  Dallas News

As the crow flies — and Google Maps confirmed — the coast was just a matter of miles away. An easy drive and we'd be lolling in the Mediterranean. Instead ...

Dallas News
Albanian PM and President Battle Over Road Project  Balkan Insight

Prime Minister Edi Rama's feud with President Ilir Meta has deepened ahead of the June elections – after he accused Meta of acting like an opposition ...

Balkan Insight
GAR Article: Albania defeats claim over privatisation vouchers  GAR

An ICSID tribunal has declined jurisdiction over a claim concerning Albania's alleged failure to honour vouchers issued during a privatisation programme.

EC closely monitoring situation in Albania | News  www.ekathimerini.com

In response to a question from a Greek MEP over the appropriation by the Albanian state of land belonging to members of the Greek minority there, European ...

Welcome to my place . . . Tirana, Albania  The Irish Times

'It's good to appreciate how far Albania has come since the dictatorship ended in 1991'

The Irish Times
Turks Fleeing a Crackdown Find Haven in Albania  Balkan Insight

Dozens of Turks at risk at home from their affiliation with the man accused of mounting a failed coup against President Recep Tayyip Erdogan have found haven ...

Balkan Insight
From Albania, a powerful message of forgiveness in Norwalk  Thehour.com

NORWALK — For four years, Elona Prroj's husband, Tani, spent his days hiding in their northern Albanian home. In 2010, Tani's uncle killed another man during ...

Four Paws to rescue two of 'Saddest Bears' in Albania | The Mercury  Independent Online

International animal welfare organisation Four Paws will take custody of two bears from Albania in urgent need of a new home.

Independent Online
Domestic Crime, Seven Murders in Forty Days in Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

Since January 1st, 2019, seven people were murdered by their family members in Albania. – Today, February 12th, 44-year-old Alket Arapaj shot and murdered ...

Exit - Explain Albania
NATO footprint in Albania to grow with construction projects at former Soviet air base  Stars and Stripes

U.S. and Albanian military officers on Thursday marked the first phase of the $58 million project to modernize Kucova Air Base in central Albania and bring its ...

Stars and Stripes
Mass student protests bring down Albania's science minister  Nature.com

The government has bowed to pressure to fix the country's research and higher education — but stopped short of repealing a controversial law.

Albania holds interest rates, will adapt stimulus to economy  Reuters

Albania's central bank held its benchmark interest rate at a record-low 1 percent on Wednesday and said it would continue to use stimulus tailored to the ...

Albania – Several high officials under arrest over abuses with penitentiary electronic surveillance tenders – Tirana Echo – South East Europe from Tirana  Tirana Echo

Tirana, Albania | 06 Feb 2019 (Tirana Echo) – Twelve employees of the Ministry of Justice have been arrested last night in Albania, following months of ...

Tirana Echo
Albania, it had to happen sooner or later  Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso

A rush of vitality for Albania's society and future. An interview with Gresa Hasa, an activist of the student movement that is giving the Albanian government a hard ...

Osservatorio Balcani e Caucaso
Albania's Faded 'Stalin Town' Eyes Revival Under NATO  Balkan Insight

A decaying former industrial town in central Albania hopes a 51-million-euro NATO investment in its disused military airfield will revive its fortunes.

Balkan Insight
Up to 60% of Stolen Weapons in Albania Still Unaccounted for |...  Exit - Explain Albania

Despite three amnesties announced by the government over the last 22 years, most of the weapons and ammunition that was taken by the Albanian population ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Mark Hayward's City Matters: An Albanian tradition roosting beside the Merrimack  The Union Leader

Gjergji Arabaxhi, who arrived in Manchester in 1992 after escaping communist Albania, continues a family tradition of raising pigeons in his backyard. THOMAS ...

The Union Leader
In Albania, age-old traditions and Mediterranean beaches on the cheap  Stuff.co.nz

As the crow flies - and Google Maps authoritatively confirmed - the coast was just a matter of miles away. An easy drive and we'd be lolling in the Mediterranean.

Leader of opposition in Albania demands the country's prime minister to step down  Independent Balkan News Agency

The Albanian opposition has announced that a massive rally will be organized on Saturday February 16, while today, the leader of this party, Lulzim Basha has ...

Independent Balkan News Agency
Albania sells 2 bln leks (16.0 mln euro) of 6-mo T-bills – table  SeeNews

TIRANA (Albania), February 12 (SeeNews) – Albania's finance ministry said on Tuesday it raised a total of 2 billion leks ($18.1 million/16.0 million euro) at an ...

Saudi Arabia, Albania ink deals on taxation, tourism  Arabnews

RIYADH: King Salman received Albanian Prime Minister Edi Rama at his palace in Riyadh on Wednesday. The monarch welcomed Rama and his ...

Accused Albanian drug lord surrenders to police  Reuters

TIRANA (Reuters) - One of Albania's most wanted drug traffickers surrendered to police on Tuesday after almost three years on the run on charges of smuggling ...

Sole Albanian-owned carrier gains market share as TIA handles record passengers  Tirana Times

By Ervin Lisaku TIRANA, Feb. 13 - The sole Albanian-owned carrier has gained considerable share in Albania's air transport market, in only slightly more than a ...

Tirana Times
Albania's Post-Communist Rebirth Gets a Jewish Twist  Tablet Magazine

On a windy mountaintop citadel in Berat, Albania, in a church lit only by incense lamps and their dim reflections off the peeling gold-painted icons, I met Simon ...

Tablet Magazine
Albania rethinking hydro policy on environmental concerns  Reuters

TIRANA (Reuters) - Albania wants to make the environment a key measure of its energy policy and study whether its small hydro power plant strategy is worth ...

Support to the new scheme for the evaluation of judges in Albania  Council of Europe

From 14 to 15 January 2019, CEPEJ international expert Anne Sanders led a seminar and several meetings in Tirana to present and discuss the CEPEJ report ...

Council of Europe
IBNA Interview/ Albanian opposition former MP offers his insight on the opposition's protest  Independent Balkan News Agency

InterviewKozma Dashi former MP of the Democratic Party says in this interview for IBNA that we should all.

Independent Balkan News Agency
Midfielder Dilly Duka heading from Montville home to Albania  Daily Record

FC Motown midfielder signs in ancestral homeland.

Daily Record
Albania's Rama Slams “Garbage” Voice of America After Exposé  Balkan Insight

Edi Rama hits out at Voice of America after an investigation into alleged political hiring in the prison system, unbowed by criticism of his treatment of the media.

Balkan Insight
OTE Sells Telekom Albania to Bulgarian Businessmen  Balkan Insight

Deutsche Telekom's subsidiary in Greece, OTE, is selling its shares in the second-largest mobile operator in Albania to the Bulgarian investor Spas Roussev ...

Balkan Insight
Government in Albania proposes an effective plan to handle the proceeds of crime  Independent Balkan News Agency

Many assets that the state seizes as part of the war against crime or terrorism, are risking of being lost. This is the concern that government experts raise in a bill ...

Independent Balkan News Agency
"Albania as Colombia of Europe - a narco-state"  B92

Namely, a country where narco-clans have ties with the police and the politicians. "But several years ago, the Albanian authorities launched an aggressive ...

Albania, Kosovo applaud name deal adoption that will stabilize region | Kathimerini  www.ekathimerini.com

Albania and Kosovo have hailed the vote of the Greek parliament ratifying the Prespes name deal, saying it's a great contribution to regional stability.

Albania registers 4th death from AH1N1 flu virus - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

TIRANA, Feb. 8 (Xinhua) -- Albania has registered four deaths related to the AH1N1 flu virus and the latest case being a 76-year-old lady from Lushnja, west ...

Albania opposition leader fined for defaming ruling lawmaker  WJHL-TV News Channel 11

TIRANA, Albania (AP) - An Albanian court has convicted the main opposition Democratic Party leader of defamation over drug-related allegations he made ...

WJHL-TV News Channel 11
Statkraft plans its first floating solar plant in Albania  pv magazine International

Norway's state-owned hydropower and wind company intends to deploy a 2 MW floating installation at its 72 MW hydropower plant in Albania's Elbasan district.

pv magazine International
Albania awards 35-year concession for Kukes airport to Dutch-Albanian tie-up  bne IntelliNews

The Albanian Ministry of Infrastructure and Energy has awarded a concession to a consortium of Dutch company NACO and local firms Global Technical ...

bne IntelliNews
In Loving Memory of Simon Vrusho, Curator of Albania's Only Jewish...  Exit - Explain Albania

In loving memory of Simon Vrusho, curator of Albania's only Jewish museum, who passed away on February 9th, 2019. The “Solomoni” Museum in Berat is ...

Exit - Explain Albania
How I Became an Illegal Immigrant in Albania  Exit - Explain Albania

I have lived in Albania for a year and three months. As a foreigner, once a year I have to make a tiresome pilgrimage to the Immigration department to hand over ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Catholic priest calls on Albania doctors and med students to stop collective exodus  Tirana Times

TIRANA, Feb. 12 - Catholic Priest Angelo Massafra called on Albanian doctors and medical students not to leave the country in hoards looking for a better future ...

Tirana Times
EU launches 5 mln euro food safety support programme for Albania  SeeNews

TIRANA (Albania), February 7 (SeeNews) – The European Union said it has launched a 5 million euro ($5.7 million) programme to help candidate country.

Albania-born Zeke Plava opens restaurant on West Main  Uvalde Leader-News

Kimberly Rubio. Assistant editor. When Albania-born Zeke Plava traveled to America in the early 1990s he brought with him a passion for cooking delectable ...

Uvalde Leader-News
Launch of NATO's investment at Kucova air base discussed in Albania - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

TIRANA, Jan. 24 (Xinhua) -- The Albanian Defense Minister Olta Xhacka and visiting NATO Commander of Allied Air Command General Tod D. Wolters ...

Relatives from Albania denied New Zealand visas for wedding  New Zealand Herald

It was supposed to be 30-year-old bride Armela Lush's happiest day but instead she was in tears - crying because her favourite aunt could not be at her wedding ...

New Zealand Herald
Euro 2020: Panucci believes Albania can make it in more defensive style  Tirana Times

With slightly more than a month to go before Albania takes on the opening qualifier, a home encounter against Turkey, Panucci believes Albania can make it to ...

Tirana Times
Germany charges 8 Albanians in 1.8-ton cocaine seizure  Washington Post

German authorities say eight Albanians have been charged with smuggling some 1.8 tons of cocaine into Germany in banana boxes in an elaborate scheme to ...

Washington Post
Turkey builds biggest mosque of Balkans in Albania  Yeni Şafak English

A Turkish charity group is building the biggest mosque of the Balkans in the Albanian capital Tirana, according to a statement on Friday. In a written statement, ...

Yeni Şafak English
What's Driving the Student Protests Paralyzing Albania's Universities?  World Politics Review

Since December, students have brought Albania’s public universities to a standstill with protests against higher education reforms. In an interview ...

World Politics Review
Albanian banks' net profit falls in 2018 - banks asso  SeeNews

TIRANA (Albania), February 8 (SeeNews) – The cumulative net profit of Albania's banking sector decreased to 18.4 billion leks ($167.3 million/147.4 million ...

Protothema: Albania: Many firearms still unaccounted for, government hoping to collect them by 2024  Focus News

Tirana. The number of firearms that Albanian citizens possess is still high and this can be considered as a real threat to public safety, Protothema reported.

Focus News
TAP reinstates 89% of route in Greece, Albania  AzerNews

Around 89 percent of the Trans Adriatic Pipeline (TAP) route has been reinstated in Greece and Albania, Trend reports citing a message from TAP AG ...

Plans for Air Albania in limbo as aircraft returns to Turkey  ch-aviation

Most extensive and up to date airline knowledge base: More than 42150 aircraft, 6000 airports and 7490 airlines, access to fleet lists, worldwide airline ...

Albanian Parliamentary Commission Unanimously Approves North Macedonia's NATO Accession  Exit - Explain Albania

The Albanian Parliamentary Foreign Affairs Commission unanimously approved North Macedonia's accession to NATO. The so-called protocol for North ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Court Ruling Cutting Police Killer's Sentence Outrages Albania  Balkan Insight

Government ministers and opposition MPs have united to condemn a court ruling cutting the life sentence of a man who killed four police officers in a shootout.

Balkan Insight
Albanian mafia: the dangerous myth that distorts our view of the global drugs trade  The Conversation - UK

Over the last few months, if not years, the UK media has reported claims by law enforcement authorities of an upsurge of serious, complex criminality conducted ...

The Conversation - UK
Adelaide man Valentin Marku believed by authorities to be Albanian killer and fugitive Agostin Lleshaj being sued for $295,000 | Adelaide  The Advertiser

An Adelaide man believed by federal authorities to be an escaped Albanian killer is being sued for almost 300000 in welfare payments the government says he ...

The Advertiser
UNUM Festival to debut in Albania this summer  Access All Areas

UNUM is a brand new festival launching in Shengjin, Albania from 31 May – 2 June 2019. The festival will focus on house and techno, and has announced a ...

Access All Areas
Albania's LM Energy Corporate seeks building permit for 50 MW solar park  Renewables Now

TIRANA (Albania), February 5 (SeeNews) – Albania-based LM Energy Corporate has applied for a building permit for a solar park in Sheq Marinas area near ...

Renewables Now
What's On in Tirana, February 6th-13th  Exit - Explain Albania

This is the Exit guide to what's on in the city over the next 7 days! Talk, Alessandra Pioselli @Harabel Contemporary Art Platform on February 6th This ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Albanian Government Plans Sharp Hike in PPPs for 2019  Exit - Explain Albania

The government's planned value for new public-private partnerships (PPP) for 2019 amounts to 15 per cent of the GDP, or €1.65 billion, according to the latest ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Albanian students waited 28 years for this moment  PoliticalCritique.org

It's over a month now that hundred and thousand students are protesting in Albania against what they call “the commercialization of knowledge and of student ...

UNICEF Calls out Albanian Authorities and Press on its Handling of...  Exit - Explain Albania

Following the recent gang rape of an underage girl in Kavaja and the sexual assault of a minor in Shkodra, UNICEF have voiced their “deep concern” about the ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Freedom House Ranks Albania as Partly Free  Exit - Explain Albania

In a report published on Monday, independent watchdog Freedom House have declared that global democracy is in decline. Albania is considered as Partly ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Food for Tomorrow Initiative a Success in Tirana  Exit - Explain Albania

Food is not just about tasty things and fuelling our bodies, how we eat changes the very world we live in. How we consume, produce, and ingest and the choices ...

Exit - Explain Albania
US Balkan Allies Recognise New Venezuela President  Balkan Insight

Two of Washington's closest friends in the Balkan region, Albania and Kosovo, have recognised the new self-declared president of Venezuela, Juan Guaido – in ...

Balkan Insight
Albania confirms 1,367 measles cases in 2018 - Xinhua | English.news.cn  Xinhua

TIRANA, Feb. 5 (Xinhua) -- In 2018 a total of 1,367 measles cases were confirmed in Albania, the Head of Department for the Control of Infectious Diseases in ...

Insurance market in Albania under investigation  Independent Balkan News Agency

The competition authority in Albania hasexaminedthe activity of the insurance market in 2018 As a result.

Independent Balkan News Agency
Ukraine, Montenegro, Albania, Norway align with EU's prolonged sanctions over Donbas  UNIAN-Economy

Ukraine, Montenegro, Albania, and Norway have aligned themselves with the declaration of the Council of the European Union (EU) that prolonged sanctions ...

Bulgarian Businessman Spas Rusev Targets Telekom Romania after Albania  Novinite.com

The Bulgarian entrepreneur Spas Rusev has confirmed he is in talks to buy Telekom Romania. Speaking to Capital, he added that because of the size of the ...

New Scotland Street Chapter 52: An Albanian story  The Scotsman

'Is it really true that everybody meets on line?” asked Katie. “I wonder. George and I didn't. We met when …” George gave her a discouraging look, intercepted ...

The Scotsman
Montenegro and Albania: Water Management, Tourism and Agriculture Cooperation  Total Montenegro News

Montenegro and Albania should join forces to make the best of common potentials in many areas such as water management, tourism and agriculture, Prime ...

Total Montenegro News
The Balkans and a Crisis of Freedom of Speech  Exit - Explain Albania

Over the last two months, a number of reports have been published that rank the world's countries in terms of freedom of speech, corruption, and democracy.

Exit - Explain Albania
PACE Urges Albania to Protect Human Rights Regardless of Religious...  Exit - Explain Albania

The Parliamentary Assembly for the Council of Europe expressed concern that religious jurisprudence is being implemented in a number of member states, ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Albanian bears explore new Swiss sanctuary - SWI swissinfo.ch  swissinfo.ch

How two bears were taken from a tiny cage in Albania to a large bear sanctuary in the Swiss Alps.

The Highland Warrior - Samurai of Northern Albania  Tirana Times

By Christopher Tushaj The Kângë Kreshnikësh, or Songs of the Highland Warriors, are a fragile, living library of ancient Indo-European oral tradition of folk tales, ...

Tirana Times
Albanian PM is concerned about the fact that “the country has no opposition”  Independent Balkan News Agency

While the leader of the opposition Lulzim Basha is holding a tour of meetings all over the country demandi.

Independent Balkan News Agency
Boosting access to finance for women-led small businesses in Albania  Independent Balkan News Agency

Women who run small businesses will benefit from a 5 million EBRD loan to Intesa Sanpaolo Bank Albania.

Independent Balkan News Agency
Dutch MFA Blok: European Commission Will Address Possible Tender...  Exit - Explain Albania

In his response to parliamentary questions of Dutch MP Pieter Omtzigt, Dutch Minister of Foreign Affairs Stef Blok has confirmed that the European Commission ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Macedonia's Albanian-Language Bill Becomes Law  RadioFreeEurope/RadioLiberty

A bill expanding the official use of the Albanian language has been published in Macedonia's official gazette, making it law.

Serbs, Albanians Learn Each Other's Languages in Kosovo Town  Balkan Insight

In the small town of Kamenica, Serbs and Kosovo Albanians are learning each other's languages in an attempt to put past animosities behind them - and to ...

Balkan Insight
Vetting Commission Confirms Constitutional Court Candidate Despite Issues  Exit - Explain Albania

The Independent Qualification Commission (KPK) confirmed Elsa Toska despite several issues with her asset declaration. Toska is a candidate to the ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Irish Consortium Wins Albanian Food Grant  FFT.ie

A consortium of Irish government agencies and their international partners has won a €5m EU grant to support Albania as a candidate for accession to the ...

LGBTI Albanians Respond: Politics and Representation - Sexual orientation and gender identity - News  Council of Europe

The First Research in Albania on “Political Participation of LGBTI People in Albania”, prepared from Open Mind Spectrum Albania (OMSA) and LGBTQ Victory ...

Council of Europe
Exhibition celebrates tradition and transformation of the Albanian dowry  Prishtina Insight

Doruntina Ukimeri's artistic exhibition opened its doors on Tuesday at the Motrat Gallery in Prishtina, whose work harnesses paper filigree techniques to ...

Prishtina Insight
Albanian Daily News  albaniandailynews.com

Institute of Statistics in Albania (INSTAT) revealed on Wednesday a report stating that Albanian prisons are overcrowded by 106.6% mostly from prisoners ...

Communist Concentration Camps of the Past Haunt Today’s Albania  The Epoch Times

TEPELENA, Albania—Simon Mirakaj was 4 years old in 1949 when, together with his mother and two siblings, he was transferred to an internment camp a few ...

The Epoch Times
Where Is the Electoral Reform?  Exit - Explain Albania

It's not that no one saw this coming. The electoral reform is not even close to being passed by Parliament, let alone implemented. Last year, Socialist MP Taulant ...

Exit - Explain Albania
Pacolli reportedly makes open death threat against Dacic  B92

Tanjug is reporting this citing a report in the Belgrade-based tabloid Kurir, which said the incident happened during an informal EU ministerial meeting in ...


Albania Videos

15 Facts About Albania
15 Facts About Albania
Geography Now! Albania
Geography Now! Albania
Berisha: Opozita nuk i braktis zgjedhjet | ABC News Albania
Berisha: Opozita nuk i braktis zgjedhjet | ABC News Albania
Albania - Ktheju tokës VS Australia - Zero Gravity | ESC 2019 Reaction
Albania - Ktheju tokës VS Australia - Zero Gravity | ESC 2019 Reaction
Berisha: Me 16 Shkurt Rama te rrije ne zyre | ABC News Albania
Berisha: Me 16 Shkurt Rama te rrije ne zyre | ABC News Albania
Në Gruemirë nuk ka denoncues - Top Channel Albania - News - Lajme
Në Gruemirë nuk ka denoncues - Top Channel Albania - News - Lajme
Tirana Day Walking, Visit Albania
Tirana Day Walking, Visit Albania
Inside The Lives of The Rich Kids Of Albania
Inside The Lives of The Rich Kids Of Albania

Albania Images

Theth | Theth, Albania in HDR | mogsub | Flickr
Theth | Theth, Albania in HDR | mogsub | Flickr
Drilon (Pogradec-Albania) | Ardian Fezollari | Flickr
Drilon (Pogradec-Albania) | Ardian Fezollari | Flickr
Vlorë - Wikipedia
Vlorë - Wikipedia
Ethem Bey mosque | Tirana, Albania | Doug Murray | Flickr
Ethem Bey mosque | Tirana, Albania | Doug Murray | Flickr
New Book Release: King ZOG I – a Royal Exile | Diana ...
New Book Release: King ZOG I – a Royal Exile | Diana ...
NATO Media: Visit Majko, PM Albania - 25 May 1999
NATO Media: Visit Majko, PM Albania - 25 May 1999
Europe | Matteo Vegetti - Travel and Photography
Europe | Matteo Vegetti - Travel and Photography
Frederik Buyckx Photographer
Frederik Buyckx Photographer
Konjak "Skënderbeu" - Wikipedia
Konjak "Skënderbeu" - Wikipedia
Albanske lek - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi
Albanske lek - Wikipedia, den frie encyklopædi

Albania WebSites


Albania Wiki

Albania ( (listen) a(w)l-BAY-nee-ə; Albanian: Shqipëri or Shqipëria; Gheg Albanian: Shqipni or Shqipnia also Shqypni or Shqypnia), officially the Republic of Albania (Albanian: Republika e Shqipërisë, pronounced [ɾɛpuˈblika ɛ ʃcipəˈɾiːsə]), is a country in Southeast Europe on the Adriatic and Ionian Sea within the Mediterranean Sea. It otherwise shares land borders with Montenegro to the northwest, Kosovo to the northeast, North Macedonia to the east and Greece to the south and southeast, and a maritime border with Italy to the west.Geographically, the country displays varied climatic, geological, hydrological and morphological conditions, defined in an area of 28,748 km2 (11,100 sq mi). It possesses remarkable diversity with the landscape ranging from the snow-capped mountains in the Albanian Alps as well as the Korab, Skanderbeg, Pindus and Ceraunian Mountains to the hot and sunny coasts of the Albanian Adriatic and Ionian Sea along the Mediterranean Sea.Historically, the area of Albania was populated by various Illyrian, Thracian and Ancient Greek tribes as well as several Greek colonies established in the Illyrian coast. The area was annexed in the 3rd century by Romans and became an integral part of the Roman provinces of Dalmatia, Macedonia and Illyricum. The autonomous Principality of Arbër emerged in 1190, established by archon Progon in the Krujë, within the Byzantine Empire. In the late thirteenth century, Charles of Anjou conquered Albanian territories from the Byzantines and established the medieval Kingdom of Albania, which at its maximal extension was extending from Durrës along the coast to Butrint in the south. In the mid-fifteenth century, it was conquered by the Ottomans.The modern nation state of Albania emerged in 1912 following the defeat of the Ottomans in the Balkan Wars. The modern Kingdom of Albania was invaded by Italy in 1939, which formed Greater Albania, before becoming a Nazi German protectorate in 1943. After the defeat of Nazi Germany, a Communist state titled the People's Socialist Republic of Albania was founded under the leadership of Enver Hoxha and the Party of Labour. The country experienced widespread social and political transformations in the communist era, as well as isolation from much of the international community. In the aftermath of the Revolutions of 1991, the Socialist Republic was dissolved and the fourth Republic of Albania was established.Politically, the country is a unitary parliamentary constitutional republic and developing country with an upper-middle income economy dominated by the tertiary sector followed by the secondary and primary sector. It went through a process of transition, following the end of communism in 1990, from a centralized to a market-based economy. It also provides universal health care and free primary and secondary education to its citizens.The country is a member of the United Nations, World Bank, UNESCO, NATO, WTO, COE, OSCE and OIC. It is also an official candidate for membership in the European Union. In addition it is one of the founding members of the Energy Community, including the Organization of the Black Sea Economic Cooperation and Union for the Mediterranean.