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Birmingham NEWS

NFE/5.0en-USnews-webmaster@google.com2018 Google Inc.Sun, 16 Dec 2018 19:10:00 GMTGoogle News
Birmingham PD investigating Saturday night shooting at apartments near Five Points South  WVTM13

Police were called to Terrace Apartments around 10:30 p.m. Saturday.

WVTM13
2 motorists killed in crash with train in Birmingham’s West End  AL.com

The crash happened Saturday, Dec. 15, 2018, at 17th Street S.W. and 17th Place.

AL.com
Birmingham six-death crash 'ruined every Christmas'  BBC News

Lucy Davis and Lee Jenkins died along with four others in the three-car crash in December last year.

BBC News
2 dead after train crashes into vehicle on tracks in Birmingham  News Courier

BIRMINGHAM (AP) — Authorities say two people are dead after a train crashed into a passenger vehicle on its tracks in Alabama.

News Courier
Community outraged after 4-year-old boy shot in Birmingham  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) - Birmingham police say a 4-year-old boy is expected to survive after being shot in his home early Thursday morning. "I want to say ...

WBRC
No charges will be filed in shooting death of Birmingham wife, mother  AL.com

Mia Heard was shot to death in August 2018 inside her north Birmingham home. Police initially labeled it a domestic homicide but said there was not sufficient ...

AL.com
Thanksgiving shooting death in north Birmingham deemed justifiable; victim’s mom disputes ruling  AL.com

Lyndell Miller was killed about 8:15 p.m. Nov. 22 in the city's Vice Hills public housing community.The shooting happened inside apartment B at 3191 42nd ...

AL.com
Food review: Opheem, Birmingham - 4.5 stars  expressandstar.com

The Birmingham chef Aktar Islam made his name by winning Gordon Ramsay's F-Word. The victory gave him standing on a national stage, catapulting him ...

expressandstar.com
Will a new downtown Birmingham stadium become reality this time?  WBRC

Groundbreaking ceremony held this week for Birmingham's new downtown stadium.

WBRC
Driver rams cars in Birmingham to avoid police  BBC News

The driver who was allegedly in a stolen car rammed other cars in a bid to evade police.

BBC News
1 person dies in Birmingham apartment fire  WBRC

Birmingham firefighters are investigating an apartment fire.

WBRC
Blackburn 2-2 Birmingham: Craig Gardner and Che Adams earn draw for Blues  BBC Sport

Birmingham City score twice in two minutes at Ewood Park to earn a late Championship draw against Blackburn Rovers.

BBC Sport
Man found dead in west Birmingham; investigation underway  AL.com

A 55-year-old man was found dead in Birmingham's Central Pratt community Friday, Dec. 14, 2018. No suspects are in custody at this time.

AL.com
Birmingham City star handed second chance - but there's a blinkered view from Blackburn  Birmingham Live

The BCFC talking points from Ewood Park as Blues ensure they leave with a point after late show.

Birmingham Live
Birmingham City Council discusses decriminalizing marijuana  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) - "No one should be incarcerated for a small amount of marijuana,” said Birmingham City Councilor John Hilliard. But people in ...

WBRC
Birmingham bishop releases names of priests accused of abuse  AL.com

Bishop Robert J. Baker on Dec. 14, 2018, released the names of priests accused of abuse in the Diocese of Birmingham. ( Greg Garrison | ggarrison@al.com ).

AL.com
Where police are checking for speeding in Birmingham right now  Birmingham Live

Everyone is rushing round, trying to get ready for Christmas. But that's no excuse for speeding. Police are doing speed checks around the city on Sunday, ...

Birmingham Live
The Twang, O2 Academy, Birmingham - review  expressandstar.com

There's nothing quite like seeing a band playing to a home crowd – and anyone who saw The Twang last night in Birmingham were treated to a special gig.

expressandstar.com
The weather forecast for every day in Birmingham this week after snow and freezing rain warning  Birmingham Live

Milder conditions are due to arrive for much of the UK on Sunday, with the majority of weather warnings being lifted.

Birmingham Live
Birmingham artists feature in New Year exhibition  Birmingham Live

Fertile Ground features the likes of Barbara Gibson and Mark Murphy, and will feature at Argentea Gallery from January 10.

Birmingham Live
Police searching for 63-year-old Birmingham woman missing for more than a week  AL.com

Vannessa Thomas Powell, 63, has not reported to work or been in contact with her family since Dec. 6.

AL.com
4-year-old boy shot inside east Birmingham home  AL.com

The child was shot overnight on Calahan Road, police said.

AL.com
Wake WR Alex Bachman says Deacs 'jacked up' for Birmingham Bowl  247Sports

Senior wide receiver Alex Bachman has made some big-time catches in his four seasons for the Deacs, including at least two one-handed grabs this season that ...

247Sports
Go inside Paper Doll, the new cocktail bar in Birmingham’s Loft District  AL.com

Birmingham's family of cocktail bars has a new addition. Paper Doll, located in the Magic City's Loft District, is set to have its grand opening Dec. 14 and 15.

AL.com
Morning road conditions cause major issues in Birmingham metro and beyond  Alabama's News Leader

Icy road conditions are caused a major headache for Birmingham drivers Tuesday morning. Pelham Police were forced to close I-65 NB lanes early Tuesday ...

Alabama's News Leader
1 dead, 2 injured in North Birmingham shooting  WBRC

Birmingham police are investigating a triple shooting that killed one person and injured two others.

WBRC
Homicide investigation underway in Birmingham  Trussvilletribune

From The Trussville Tribune staff reports. BIRMINGHAM — Birmingham Police detectives are conducting a homicide investigation that occurred on Friday, Dec.

Trussvilletribune
Man charged in Friday-night shooting of woman in east Birmingham  AL.com

Birmingham police on Tuesday evening announced the arrest of 32-year-old James Larry Wilson. He is charged with attempted murder.

AL.com
Boy delivers presents to Birmingham Children's Hospital  BBC News

James Blair from Worcester suffers with the genetic condition Noonan syndrome and regularly receives hospital care.

BBC News
Jamelia's stepbrother guilty of Birmingham gun murder  BBC News

The stepbrother of R&B singer Jamelia has been convicted of murdering a man in a revenge shooting outside a Birmingham snooker club. Tafarwa Beckford, 36 ...

BBC News
Birmingham firm hopes to redevelop Carraway Hospital property  WBRC

Their early master plan calls for retail, entertainment, hotel, medical and office spaces on the site.

WBRC
Memphis football career over for Darrell Henderson, who will skip Birmingham Bowl  The Commercial Appeal

Darrell Henderson, who has declared for the NFL draft, will not play in the Birmingham Bowl on Dec. 22, officially ending his Memphis football career.

The Commercial Appeal
Memphis coach Mike Norvell addresses coaching changes heading into Birmingham Bowl  The Commercial Appeal

Mike Norvell addressed losing both his offensive and defensive coordinator heading into the Birmingham Bowl.

The Commercial Appeal
Teacher's letter to parents reveals what kids really want for Christmas  Birmingham Live

A teacher has written a heartfelt letter to parents revealing what she thinks children really want for Christmas. In the letter, which has been posted on social ...

Birmingham Live
Birmingham bin workers vote for industrial action over Christmas  BBC News

Unite members in Birmingham vote to work-to-rule in a row over council payments.

BBC News
HMP Birmingham inmate 'took own life with insulin pen'  BBC News

A man on remand for a triple stabbing in a church should not have been given an insulin pen that he used to take his life, an inquest jury has concluded.

BBC News
Auburn renews in-state rivalry with game vs. UAB in Birmingham  AL.com

Auburn will play the Blazers on Saturday at 6:30 p.m. inside Legacy Arena.

AL.com
Federal program to update public housing will take years in Birmingham  WBRC

A federal program could one day bulldoze the apartment building to make way for new development by the Housing Authority of the Birmingham District.

WBRC
Anniston woman identified as victim of deadly triple shooting in Birmingham  AL.com

The Jefferson County Coroner's Office identified the victim as Venus Felicia Godhigh. She was 38 and lived in Anniston.

AL.com
Outraged Birmingham mayor goes door-to-door after shooting kills 1 woman, injures 2 others  AL.com

A broad-daylight triple shooting that left one woman dead and two others injured Monday sent Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin going door-to-door in the ...

AL.com
Vegas insider's Birmingham Bowl pick in under 60 seconds  CBS sports.com

Vegas insider Kelly Stewart gives her pick for the Birmingham Bowl between Memphis and Wake Forest. Watch your Team Videos ▽. Please log in or register to ...

CBS sports.com
Birmingham library helps get people in the holiday spirit  WBRC

The sound of the holidays filled Birmingham's West End Branch Library on Tuesday night.The library held its annual “Christmas Musical.” Dozens of people ...

WBRC
New renderings of BJCC stadium in downtown Birmingham  WVTM13

New renderings of the BJCC stadium in downtown Birmingham were released Thursday as officials held a groundbreaking ceremony for the project.

WVTM13
Status of Wake Forest's Greg Dortch unclear about a week before Birmingham Bowl  Winston-Salem Journal

The status of Wake Forest's most valuable offensive weapon is in doubt for the Birmingham Bowl.

Winston-Salem Journal
Watch: These are the amazing £50k fireworks that sparked panic across Birmingham  Birmingham Live

The jaw-dropping pyrotechnics in Coleshill featured top magician Dynamo.

Birmingham Live
Teenagers arrested after Birmingham school stabbings  The Guardian

Three boys attacked near University of Birmingham School in Selly Oak on Monday.

The Guardian
37-year-old man killed in east Birmingham multi-vehicle crash  AL.com

The Jefferson County Coroner's Office identified the victim as 37-year-old Ryan Christopher Jenkins. The wreck happened at 4:50 p.m.at the intersection of ...

AL.com
Will I have to pay to drive into Birmingham city centre? We answer your questions on the Clean Air Zone  Birmingham Live

Lots of concerns about impact of bid to improve the air we breathe.

Birmingham Live
Things to do in Birmingham, Dec. 14-21  AL.com

Your free time is precious, so how to spend it? Here are five ideas for Birmingham, Dec. 14-21, 2018.

AL.com
Man guilty of Birmingham groin stab murder  BBC News

Dean Ward died a week after being injured by an 18-year-old in a park.

BBC News
Ariana Grande announces Birmingham 2019 tour date  Birmingham Live

The American singer is coming to Brum as part of her Sweetener world tour.

Birmingham Live
Iconic Birmingham Tradition Celebrates 40th year  WBRC

Regions Center Holiday Light display illuminates Birmingham for the 40th year. We take you on a behind the scenes look at what it takes to make it happen.

WBRC
Finalists named for empty Birmingham City Council seats  AL.com

The Birmingham City Council has narrowed the list of candidates for two vacant seats down to six.

AL.com
Birmingham pension board meets to solve $378 million deficit  Alabama's News Leader

BIRMINGHAM, Ala. — The board which manages Birmingham's pensions met Wednesday to discuss options to shore up a $378 million deficit. No conclusion ...

Alabama's News Leader
Amazon opens Birmingham sortation center ahead of Bessemer facility  AL.com

While construction is underway on Amazon's $325 million fulfillment center in Bessemer, the internet retailer is already operating in the city of Birmingham.

AL.com
Inspectors cite 46 Birmingham-area eateries in November for priority violations  Hometownlife.com

Health inspectors visited restaurants, several schools, churches, a museum, ice arena, and doughnut shop in the Birmingham area in November.

Hometownlife.com
Family sought for 2 found dead in Birmingham in recent weeks  AL.com

Authorities are trying to locate family members of two people who died in Jefferson County in recent weeks. Foul play is not suspected in either death, but their ...

AL.com
Accidental apartment fire claims 1 life, Birmingham Fire continues to investigate  CBS42.com

Birmingham Fire and Rescue is in investigating an apartment fire at 11th Avenue South and 19th. Wednesday around noon, the fire broke out sending a woman ...

CBS42.com
Startup football league eyes creating Birmingham team  Birmingham Business Journal

The Freedom Football League is looking to make inroads in non-NFL cities, including Birmingham.

Birmingham Business Journal
1 killed, 1 injured in Ensley shooting; death marks Birmingham’s 100th homicide in 2018  AL.com

A double shooting Sunday night, Dec. 9, 2018, left one man dead and another injured inside a vehicle in the 3300 block of Avenue H in Ensley.

AL.com
University of Birmingham recognised in UK's 'best breakthroughs' list  University of Birmingham

The University of Birmingham's liver transplant research has been included in the UK's 100 best breakthroughs for the significant impact it has had on people's ...

University of Birmingham
This is exactly when the Met Office's yellow weather warning for snow ends in Birmingham  Birmingham Live

The agency has told the city to brace for some extreme weather later on Saturday.

Birmingham Live
Birmingham Food News: holiday pop-up bar, new coffee shops, local spiked seltzers, and more barbecue  AL.com

Santa Claus is coming to town, and he's arrived at Queen's Park bar on 24th Street downtown. The new bar will be hosting Birmingham's first-ever Miracle Bar, ...

AL.com
Revealed: Birmingham's best and worst performing primary schools - is yours on the list?  Birmingham Live

The latest Key Stage 2 results have shown that 100% of pupils in the school reached the expected standard in core subjects this year.

Birmingham Live
Wells Fargo bank robbery suspect arrested in Birmingham  WBRC

Roger Lee, 41, is charged with first-degree robbery. He is in the Jefferson County Jail.

WBRC
Birmingham school board selects Troy deputy superintendent to lead district  Hometownlife.com

After a national search, the Birmingham Public Schools Board of Education has looked to the east for its next executive leader. The board voted unanimously at ...

Hometownlife.com
Iceland spark massive debate with frozen £22 Christmas Day meal deal  Birmingham Live

Some have branded it "lazy" - and told people celebrating Christmas to cook themselves.

Birmingham Live
Garry Monk has special praise for this Birmingham City star  Birmingham Live

Monk was speaking after the battling 2-2 draw at Blackburn Rovers.

Birmingham Live
I-20/59 to close in Birmingham in January  FOX 5 Atlanta

Birmingham's traffic could get a lot worse beginning next month.

FOX 5 Atlanta
New York man reported missing in Birmingham found safe  AL.com

Sinclaire Chaneyfield, 57, contacted family members and said he is OK.

AL.com
Noted ACLU official has talk with Birmingham Bar Foundation about racism in America | BlackPressUSA  Black Press USA

The Birmingham Times — Jeffery Robinson chronicles racism in America, and it just so happened that he was in Birmingham not long after 21-year-old Emantic ...

Black Press USA
The startling stat that outlines why you should never write West Brom off  Birmingham Live

The Baggies came from behind yet again at Sheffield United.

Birmingham Live
63-year-old man hit by car, killed in southwest Birmingham  AL.com

The crash happened just before 5 p.m. Thursday in the 1500 block of Dennison Avenue.

AL.com
'Muted' How the atmosphere rated as Aston Villa welcomed Stoke  Birmingham Live

AVFC battled back from a goal down on two occasions to retrieve a point against the Potters.

Birmingham Live
Police: 3 injured in afternoon shooting in Birmingham  WVTM13

Birmingham police are investigating an afternoon shooting that sent three people to the hospital. Police are investigating in the parking lot of 10th Avenue Deli ...

WVTM13
10 things you will see on a typical Saturday in Birmingham in December  Birmingham Live

It's just that in December, Birmingham gets even busier.

Birmingham Live
Christian Purslow makes a surprising admission about Aston Villa's promotion prospects  Birmingham Live

The AVFC chief executive was speaking to BBC Radio 5 Live.

Birmingham Live
Cookie Dough Magic opens in Birmingham  WBRC

A unique cookie shop is now open in Birmingham's Avondale community. It's called Cookie Dough Magic.

WBRC
3 wounded during afternoon shootout in Birmingham  AL.com

The gunfire erupted about 3 p.m. Wednesday outside the 10th Avenue Deli in the 4500 block of 10th Avenue North.

AL.com
Man traveling through Birmingham found dead under the interstate  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) - A man reported missing after being separated from his wife at the Greyhound Bus Terminal has been found dead, according to ...

WBRC
Birmingham pension shortfall puts retirees at risk  AL.com

The Pension Board of the City of Birmingham Retirement and Relief System met in a special-called work session in the city council chambers at Birmingham City ...

AL.com
MI Dream Home: Old World aura in $4.25M mansion near downtown Birmingham  The Detroit News

Colonial has modern comforts and garage space for five cars within walking distance of downtown.

The Detroit News
Birmingham Iron ready for the Magic City  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) - Professional football returns to the Magic City in early 2019 with the Birmingham Iron participating in the new Alliance of American ...

WBRC
Multiple people injured after deck collapses in Birmingham  WBRC

A deck collapse Saturday night in Birmingham has left multiple people injured.

WBRC
Birmingham Optimists “Doing Good” as Salvation Army Bellringers  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) - Members of the Birmingham Optimist Club are veteran bellringers for the Salvation Army Red Kettle campaign. For more than 20 ...

WBRC
57-year-old New York man believed to be missing in Birmingham  AL.com

Sinclaire Chaneyfield was last seen at the Motel 8 in Birmingham on Sept. 30 and last spoke with family members on Oct. 29, Birmingham police said on ...

AL.com
Fox bodies found 'poisoned' and dumped in bag in Birmingham park  BBC News

The RSPCA says it is investigating the deaths of three foxes found dumped in a park.

BBC News
1 women killed, 2 others hurt in Birmingham shooting  Tuscaloosa News

BIRMINGHAM — One woman has died and two others were hurt in a shooting in Alabama's largest city.News outlets reported the shooting happened around ...

Tuscaloosa News
What Birmingham can learn from a Texan who came from the North  AL.com

ComebackTown is published by David Sher to create a more prosperous metro Birmingham. David Sher is Co-Founder of AmSher Compassionate Collections ...

AL.com
I-59/20 in downtown Birmingham will close for 14 months starting in January: Here are the detours  AL.com

Interstate 59/20 through downtown Birmingham will close for an estimated 14 months beginning in mid- to late-January of 2019, according to the Alabama ...

AL.com
Three very bad numbers for greater Birmingham  AL.com

ComebackTown is published by David Sher to create a more prosperous metro Birmingham. David Sher is Co-Founder of AmSher Compassionate Collections ...

AL.com
Birmingham police release video of armed robbery attempt at gas station  WVTM13

Birmingham police need your help identifying a suspect and person of interest in an armed robbery attempt that was caught on video at a gas station last ...

WVTM13
Birmingham homeless charity seeks hot meal volunteers  BBC News

HomeLess One serves hot meals to about 100 people a night, five times a week but wants to expand.

BBC News
Watch gang swoop and nick £300k jewellery - in 50 seconds  Birmingham Live

Birmingham robbers target small shop and make off with massive haul.

Birmingham Live
Nation of Islam Birmingham chapter leading Hoover boycott efforts  Yellowhammer News

The Birmingham chapter of the Nation of Islam - which is led nationally by the infamous Louis Farrakhan - is heading up the boycott effort in Hoover.

Yellowhammer News
High school band members in Birmingham will get new uniforms  WBRC

BIRMINGHAM, AL (WBRC) -High school band members in Birmingham will see an early Christmas present, new band uniforms! The city council voted to spend ...

WBRC
Moving (even) more upscale: High-end projects changing the face of Birmingham  Crain's Detroit Business

Developers are changing downtown Birmingham, no more than five stories at a time (per zoning rules). More than a half-dozen projects totaling well north of ...

Crain's Detroit Business
Birmingham mayor orders demolition of nearly 300 abandoned homes in first year  WBRC

This week marks one year in office for Birmingham Mayor Randall Woodfin. A major milestone this year has been the effort to get rid of broken down, dilapidated ...

WBRC
Birmingham breaking ground on 55,000-seat stadium  Yellowhammer News

Work is ramping up on a new outdoor stadium in Birmingham. A groundbreaking is set for Thursday afternoon for a new, 55,000-seat multi-use stadium that will ...

Yellowhammer News
Mac Underwood out at Birmingham Water Works, says he did not resign  AL.com

The Birmingham Water Works Board voted to terminate Underwood's employment after accepting his resignation letter.

AL.com
 

Birmingham Videos

Paint Me A Birmingham:
21:48:31
Paint Me A Birmingham:
Lotto Boyzz - Birmingham (Anthem) [Official Video] ft. JayKae
13:00:05
Lotto Boyzz - Birmingham (Anthem) [Official Video] ft. JayKae
Tracy Lawrence - Paint Me A Birmingham (Lyric Video)
18:45:59
Tracy Lawrence - Paint Me A Birmingham (Lyric Video)
Birmingham City Centre - UK Travel Vlog 2018
17:30:10
Birmingham City Centre - UK Travel Vlog 2018
Amanda Marshall - Birmingham (Official Video)
19:39:19
Amanda Marshall - Birmingham (Official Video)
LIVING IN BIRMINGHAM, UK | PROS & CONS
15:12:49
LIVING IN BIRMINGHAM, UK | PROS & CONS
The UK Today - Walking Through Birmingham City Centre..
01:19:55
The UK Today - Walking Through Birmingham City Centre..
ASKING THE PUBLIC GCSE QUESTIONS IN BIRMINGHAM! - How smart is the UK?
19:00:02
ASKING THE PUBLIC GCSE QUESTIONS IN BIRMINGHAM! - How smart is the UK?
Noisey Birmingham: The Unstoppable Rise of Birmingham Rap
14:37:29
Noisey Birmingham: The Unstoppable Rise of Birmingham Rap
Birmingham City Centre
01:13:47
Birmingham City Centre
 

Birmingham Images

UK & Ireland Tour | Miss Saigon | The Official Website
UK & Ireland Tour | Miss Saigon | The Official Website
Black Sabbath Add US and South American Tour Dates - House ...
Black Sabbath Add US and South American Tour Dates - House ...
Tyga's ex Demi Rose Mawby 'propositioned by Argos delivery ...
Tyga's ex Demi Rose Mawby 'propositioned by Argos delivery ...
World's Tallest Man Sultan Kosen Marries Woman 2ft 7ins ...
World's Tallest Man Sultan Kosen Marries Woman 2ft 7ins ...
Nottingham tech sector - Tech Nation 2017 - Tech City UK
Nottingham tech sector - Tech Nation 2017 - Tech City UK
Cobie Smulders pictures gallery (36) | Film Actresses
Cobie Smulders pictures gallery (36) | Film Actresses
File:Emley Moor Mast (6371269493).jpg - Wikimedia Commons
File:Emley Moor Mast (6371269493).jpg - Wikimedia Commons
Book flights to Punta Cana (PUJ) | Frontier Airlines
Book flights to Punta Cana (PUJ) | Frontier Airlines
The Official James Bond 007 Website | FOCUS OF THE WEEK ...
The Official James Bond 007 Website | FOCUS OF THE WEEK ...
Grey Skies Begone - The Sunny Weather Will Return Tomorrow ...
Grey Skies Begone - The Sunny Weather Will Return Tomorrow ...
 

Birmingham WebSites

Birmingham as a settlement dates from the Anglo-Saxon era. The city's name comes from the Old English Beormingahām, meaning the home or settlement of the Beormingas – indicating that Birmingham was established in the 6th or early 7th century as the primary settlement of an Anglian tribal grouping and regio of that name.
Birmingham is a beautiful, diverse city located in central Alabama. The largest city in the state, Birmingham is the heart of a metro area of over 1.1 million.
Get the latest Birmingham, Alabama Local News, Sports News & US breaking News. View daily Birmingham, AL weather updates, watch videos and photos, join the discussion in forums. Find more news ...
The City of Birmingham, Michigan is located approximately halfway between the City of Detroit and the City of Pontiac, in Oakland County. Easily accessible to all major freeways and the airport, Birmingham is also bordered by Bloomfield Hills, Bloomfield Township, Beverly Hills, Royal Oak and Troy.
It has been said that Birmingham is the last major Southern city in America, where a friendly "How y'all doin'," a hearty meal of country-fried steak with butter beans and a true taste of Southern hospitality await visitors.
Get directions, maps, and traffic for Birmingham, AL. Check flight prices and hotel availability for your visit.
craigslist provides local classifieds and forums for jobs, housing, for sale, services, local community, and events
Where to Stay. The hotels in and around Birmingham are more than simply a place to lay your head overnight. From location and amenities options to reputation and price, the right accommodations can make all the difference in your overall experience.
 

Birmingham Wiki

Birmingham ( (listen), locally also: ) is the second-most populous city in the United Kingdom, after London, and the most populous city in the English Midlands. With an estimated population of 1,137,100 as of 2017, Birmingham is the cultural, social, financial and commercial centre of the Midlands. It is the main centre of the West Midlands conurbation, which is the third most populated urban area in the United Kingdom, with a population in 2011 of 2,440,986. The wider Birmingham metropolitan area is the second largest in the United Kingdom with a population of over 3.7 million. Birmingham is frequently referred to as the United Kingdom's "second city".A market town in the medieval period, Birmingham grew in the 18th-century Midlands Enlightenment and subsequent Industrial Revolution, which saw advances in science, technology, and economic development, producing a series of innovations that laid many of the foundations of modern industrial society. By 1791 it was being hailed as "the first manufacturing town in the world". Birmingham's distinctive economic profile, with thousands of small workshops practising a wide variety of specialised and highly skilled trades, encouraged exceptional levels of creativity and innovation and provided an economic base for prosperity that was to last into the final quarter of the 20th century. The Watt steam engine was invented in Birmingham.The resulting high level of social mobility also fostered a culture of political radicalism which, under leaders from Thomas Attwood to Joseph Chamberlain, was to give it a political influence unparalleled in Britain outside London, and a pivotal role in the development of British democracy. From the summer of 1940 to the spring of 1943, Birmingham was bombed heavily by the German Luftwaffe in what is known as the Birmingham Blitz. The damage done to the city's infrastructure, in addition to a deliberate policy of demolition and new building by planners, led to extensive urban regeneration in subsequent decades.Birmingham's economy is now dominated by the service sector. The city is a major international commercial centre, ranked as a gamma+ world city by the Globalization and World Cities Research Network; and an important transport, retail, events and conference hub. Its metropolitan economy is the second largest in the United Kingdom with a GDP of $121.1bn (2014), and its six universities make it the largest centre of higher education in the country outside London. Birmingham's major cultural institutions – the City of Birmingham Symphony Orchestra, the Birmingham Royal Ballet, the Birmingham Repertory Theatre, the Library of Birmingham and the Barber Institute of Fine Arts – enjoy international reputations, and the city has vibrant and influential grassroots art, music, literary and culinary scenes. Birmingham is the fourth-most visited city in the UK by foreign visitors.People from Birmingham are called Brummies, a term derived from the city's nickname of "Brum", which originates from the city's old name, Brummagem, which in turn is thought to have derived from "Bromwich-ham". The Brummie accent and dialect are particularly distinctive.